On August 3, 1948, Time magazine editor Whittaker Chambers testified before the House Un American Activities Committee (HUAC) that he and Alger Hiss, formerly a high level State Department official, had been Communist agents. Hiss denied that he even knew the editor until Chambers supplied a young California congressman and HUAC member-Richard Nixon-with extensive details about Hiss. Chambers also revealed that Hiss had given him classified State Department documents, microfilmed copies of which were hidden in hollowed-out pumpkins on Chambers's Maryland farm. Hiss was tried for perjury (the statute of limitations had expired for treason) and, after one hung jury, was retried and convicted. Hiss maintained his innocence. The case retains a central role in debates about the extent of Communist activity in the U.S. in the 1940s and 1950s.
Richard Milhous Nixon: Male
Richard Milhous Nixon: Law and Law Enforcement\Lawyer
Richard Milhous Nixon: Literature\Writer
Richard Milhous Nixon: Politics and Government\Vice-President of US
Richard Milhous Nixon: Military\Navy\Officer
Richard Milhous Nixon: Politics and Government\President of US
Richard Milhous Nixon: Politics and Government\US Senator\California
Richard Milhous Nixon: Politics and Government\US Congressman\California
National Portrait Gallery, Smithsonian Institution; gift of Frances O. Tames
Charles Lang Freer (1854-1919), purchased from Edward S. Hull Jr. in 1898 
Freer Gallery of Art, gift of Charles Lang Freer in 1920 
 See Original Kakemono List, L. 171, pg. 38, Freer Gallery of Art and Arthur M. Sackler Gallery Archives. Edward S. Hull Jr. was Ernest Francisco Fenollosa’s (1853-1908) lawyer. Hull often acted as an agent, facilitating purchases of objects consigned to him by Fenollosa, as well as purchases of objects consigned to him by Fenollosa's
well-known associate, Bunshichi Kobayashi (see correspondence, Hull to Freer, 1898-1900, as well as invoices from E.S. Hull Jr., 1898-1900, Freer Gallery of Art and Arthur M. Sackler Gallery Archives). See also, Ingrid Larsen, "'Don’t Send Ming or Later Pictures': Charles Lang Freer and the First Major Collection of Chinese Painting in an American Museum," Ars Orientalis vol. 40 (2011), pgs. 15 and 34. See further, Thomas Lawton and Linda Merrill, Freer: A Legacy of Art, (Washington, D.C. and New York: Freer Gallery of Art and H. N. Abrams, 1993), pgs. 133-134.
 See note 1.
 The original deed of Charles Lang Freer's gift was signed in 1906. The collection was received in 1920 upon the completion of the Freer Gallery.
Advertisement Design for ShurEdge Knives: Pumpkin beside "Sheaf" of Knives
Paul Rand, American, 1914–1996
Black, gray crayon, graphite on cream tracing paper
Research in Progress
Top center, five knives gathered, like a sheaf of wheat, on grass beside a carved pumpkin (lower right). Caption flanks the knives in the image: carving tonight... on you own home grounds. Below, lower right: ShurEdge logo (name linked across pointed silver triangle). Below image, next to the logo: set of pale grey parallel lines (7 pairs) indicating the space for the text.