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Three armchair frames [campaign style] (1880-1910)

view Three armchair frames [campaign style] (1880-1910) digital asset number 1
Physical description:
wrought iron
Armchair frames: folding frame, H. 35 in. x W. 20.5 in. x D 24 in
Type:
Chairs
Wrought iron
Outdoor furniture
Furniture, Regency
Date:
1880
1880-1910
Notes:
Three seats in this particular style: 1974.005.002, 1974.005.003, and 1974.005.004.
Regency style punched wrought iron seat frame for caning. Rods attached to the legs form cross bars for support. Scrolled armrests.
The major source of inspiration for Regency style designs during the reign of George IV (1820-1830) was found in Greek and Roman antiquity, from which designers borrowed both structural and ornamental elements.
HAC
Cite as:
Smithsonian Institution, Smithsonian Gardens, Garden Furnishings Collection
Repository Loc.:
Smithsonian Gardens, PO Box 37012, Capital Gallery, Suite 3300, MRC 506, Washington, DC 20013-7012
Topic:
Garden ornaments and furniture
Local number:
1974.005.002-1974.005.004
Digital ID:
Artifacts #8, #9, and #10
See more items in:
Horticulture Artifact Collection
Data Source:
Smithsonian Gardens
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_arc_252476
Additional Online Media:

Frog (flower arrangement)

view Frog (flower arrangement) digital asset number 1
Physical description:
Metal
1 frog: dimensions H. 1 7/8 in.x D 4.5 in
Type:
Frogs (flower arrangement)
Date:
1895
1895-1920
Notes:
Metal flower frog.
HAC
Cite as:
Smithsonian Gardens, Garden Furnishings and Horticultural Artifacts Collection
Repository Loc.:
Smithsonian Gardens, PO Box 37012, Capital Gallery, Suite 3300, MRC 506, Washington, DC 20013-7012
Topic:
Garden ornaments and furniture
Local number:
2012.001
See more items in:
Horticulture Artifact Collection
Data Source:
Smithsonian Gardens
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_arc_362654

Botanical scrapbook, 1905

view Botanical scrapbook, 1905 digital asset number 1
Physical description:
1 album: leatherette with pressed flowers. dimensions L. 11 1/2 in.x W. 9 1/4 in.x D. 1 in
Type:
Scrapbooks
Albums
Date:
1905
20th century
1900-1920
Notes:
A collection of dried flowers pressed and affixed to the blank pages of a scrapbook that are labeled and described for botanical study. Created by Margaret May Hill.
HAC
Cite as:
Smithsonian Gardens, Garden Furnishings and Horticultural Artifacts Collection
Repository Loc.:
Smithsonian Gardens, PO Box 37012, Capital Gallery, Suite 3300, MRC 506, Washington, DC 20013-7012
Topic:
Botanical specimens
Flowers
Horticulture
Local number:
FJP.1987.364
Digital ID:
Artifacts #1644
See more items in:
Horticulture Artifact Collection
Data Source:
Smithsonian Gardens
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_arc_362655

Posey Holder, gilt; mother of pearl handle

view Posey Holder, gilt; mother of pearl handle digital asset number 1
Type:
Posy holders
Repository Loc.:
Smithsonian Gardens, PO Box 37012, Capital Gallery, Suite 3300, MRC 506, Washington, DC 20013-7012
Topic:
Garden ornaments and furniture
Local number:
FJP.1987.377
See more items in:
Horticulture Artifact Collection
Data Source:
Smithsonian Gardens
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_arc_287139

Posey Holder, silver, filigree, three-legged stand

view Posey Holder, silver, filigree, three-legged stand digital asset number 1
Type:
Posy holders
Repository Loc.:
Smithsonian Gardens, PO Box 37012, Capital Gallery, Suite 3300, MRC 506, Washington, DC 20013-7012
Topic:
Garden ornaments and furniture
Local number:
FJP.1987.378
See more items in:
Horticulture Artifact Collection
Data Source:
Smithsonian Gardens
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_arc_287140

Posey Holder, silver, filigree, oak leaves

view Posey Holder, silver, filigree, oak leaves digital asset number 1
Type:
Posy holders
Repository Loc.:
Smithsonian Gardens, PO Box 37012, Capital Gallery, Suite 3300, MRC 506, Washington, DC 20013-7012
Topic:
Garden ornaments and furniture
Local number:
FJP.1987.379
See more items in:
Horticulture Artifact Collection
Data Source:
Smithsonian Gardens
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_arc_287141

Posey Holder, silver, leaves and berries; chain

view Posey Holder, silver, leaves and berries; chain digital asset number 1
Type:
Posy holders
Repository Loc.:
Smithsonian Gardens, PO Box 37012, Capital Gallery, Suite 3300, MRC 506, Washington, DC 20013-7012
Topic:
Garden ornaments and furniture
Local number:
FJP.1987.380
See more items in:
Horticulture Artifact Collection
Data Source:
Smithsonian Gardens
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_arc_287142

Posey Holder, silver, leaves and flowers

view Posey Holder, silver, leaves and flowers digital asset number 1
Type:
Posy holders
Repository Loc.:
Smithsonian Gardens, PO Box 37012, Capital Gallery, Suite 3300, MRC 506, Washington, DC 20013-7012
Topic:
Garden ornaments and furniture
Local number:
FJP.1987.381
See more items in:
Horticulture Artifact Collection
Data Source:
Smithsonian Gardens
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_arc_287143

Posey Holder, silver, on stand, scroll and leaf motif

view Posey Holder, silver, on stand, scroll and leaf motif digital asset number 1
Type:
Posy holders
Repository Loc.:
Smithsonian Gardens, PO Box 37012, Capital Gallery, Suite 3300, MRC 506, Washington, DC 20013-7012
Topic:
Garden ornaments and furniture
Local number:
FJP.1987.382
See more items in:
Horticulture Artifact Collection
Data Source:
Smithsonian Gardens
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_arc_287144

Posey Holder, gilt, emeralds, mother of pearl handle

view Posey Holder, gilt, emeralds, mother of pearl handle digital asset number 1
Type:
Posy holders
Repository Loc.:
Smithsonian Gardens, PO Box 37012, Capital Gallery, Suite 3300, MRC 506, Washington, DC 20013-7012
Topic:
Garden ornaments and furniture
Local number:
FJP.1987.383
See more items in:
Horticulture Artifact Collection
Data Source:
Smithsonian Gardens
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_arc_287145

Posey Holder, silver filigree, flowers

view Posey Holder, silver filigree, flowers digital asset number 1
Type:
Posy holders
Repository Loc.:
Smithsonian Gardens, PO Box 37012, Capital Gallery, Suite 3300, MRC 506, Washington, DC 20013-7012
Topic:
Garden ornaments and furniture
Local number:
FJP.1987.384
See more items in:
Horticulture Artifact Collection
Data Source:
Smithsonian Gardens
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_arc_287146

Fountain [acanthus leaf fountain with boy and fish]

view Fountain [acanthus leaf fountain with boy and fish] digital asset number 1
Physical description:
cast iron height 118 in.x diameter 72 in. paint
1 fountain with pedestal and base
Type:
Cast iron
Design elements
Fountains
Outdoor furniture
Date:
1850
1900
Notes:
This fountain consists of a base, pedestal with cranes, and three tiered basins, the uppermost of which is topped with the figure of a boy holding a carp.
There were two restorations of the fountain--one in 1994 and one through a grant from the Smithsonian Women's Committee in 2002. During these restorations, pieces of the fountain were reproduced. Smithsonian Gardens maintains the originals.
The fountain formerly stood behind the Grand Union Hotel in Saratoga Springs, NY. Smithsonian's Office of Horticulture purchased it for the Victorian Garden, planned for the Bicentennial in 1976. The fountain now stands in the Mary Livingston Ripley Garden.
HAC
Repository Loc.:
Smithsonian Gardens, PO Box 37012, Capital Gallery, Suite 3300, MRC 506, Washington, DC 20013-7012
Topic:
Garden ornaments and furniture
Herons
Acanthus
Boys
Cranes (Birds)
Frogs
Local number:
1974.009 a b c d e f g
Digital ID:
Artifacts #16
See more items in:
Horticulture Artifact Collection
Data Source:
Smithsonian Gardens
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_arc_248882

Birdbath [putto holding clamshell]

view Birdbath [putto holding clamshell] digital asset number 1
Physical description:
cast iron paint
1 birdbath height 33 in.x diameter of basin 21 in
Type:
Outdoor furniture
Design elements
Cast iron
Birdbaths
Date:
1880
Notes:
Putto on pedestal holds clam shell over head. Clam shell serves as birdbath. This is one of a pair.
Persons and organizations associated with the piece include: Hartland Hall in Rapidan, Virginia (former owner) and Smithsonian Institution (owner, 1980-present).
HAC
Repository Loc.:
Smithsonian Gardens, PO Box 37012, Capital Gallery, Suite 3300, MRC 506, Washington, DC 20013-7012
Topic:
Garden ornaments and furniture
Shells
Boys
Putti
Local number:
1980.019.001
Digital ID:
Artifacts #156
See more items in:
Horticulture Artifact Collection
Data Source:
Smithsonian Gardens
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_arc_248912

Chairs [sunburst side chair]

view Chairs [sunburst side chair] digital asset number 1
Physical description:
steel
1 of set of five steel chairs height 34 in. x width 16 in. x depth 21 in
Type:
Outdoor furniture
Chairs
Date:
1850
Other title:
[Sunburst chairs]
[Spring chairs]
Notes:
The use of "curved strips of sheet steel" to form backs and seats for garden chairs was considered innovative design and construction in the 1860s, but was still in demand into the twentieth century. The original United States patent was filed in 1866 by Francois A. Carre of Paris, France.
This set includes three chairs with arms and two side chairs. Horticulture Services Division purchased the set in 1979 for a Victorian Horticulture exhibit, which opened in 1980.
An original Carre chair is located in the Division of Domestic Life of the National Museum of American History, Smithsonian Institution.
Repository Loc.:
Smithsonian Gardens, PO Box 37012, Capital Gallery, Suite 3300, MRC 506, Washington, DC 20013-7012
Topic:
Garden ornaments and furniture
Local number:
1979.017.001
Digital ID:
Artifacts #112
See more items in:
Horticulture Artifact Collection
Data Source:
Smithsonian Gardens
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_arc_249117

Urn [Morning Glory]

view Urn [Morning Glory] digital asset number 1
Manufacturer:
J.L. Mott Iron Works
Physical description:
cast iron, paint
1 urn and pedestal on base in two separate pieces H. 44 1/2 in.x Dia. 37 in
Type:
Urns
Design elements
Outdoor furniture
Cast iron
Date:
1880
1880-1910
Notes:
The urn basin has stylized cast morning glory flowers and acanthus leaves applied to its wall. Below this is a band of stylized flowers alternating with palmettes. Four lion heads are situated directly under the basin on a fluted shank. The base of the shank is etched with leaves. The shank sits on a square plinth.
At least one other foundry, Kramer Brothers Foundry Company, manufactured a similar version of this urn.
Characteristic of the Aesthetic Movement (1868-1901) where the carved gilded flower was a typical design motif.
Henry J. Kauffman writes, "Early architects achieved extremely happy effects inspired by the luxuriant plant life of their own climate. The live oak, the rose vine, and the morning glory are only a few of the infinite number of designs." Naturalistic depictions of "tamed nature" are precise but manipulated views of reality. A.J. Davis and A.J. Downing advocated that the purpose of the designer's work was to strengthen the expression of the wild irregular aspects of American nature. Since nature is readily accessible, a taste for naturalistic design did not need to be specially cultivated as much as an appreciation for such commonly available design motifs.
HAC
Publications:
Similar piece featured in Kramer Brothers Foundry Co. Metal Vases--Settees--Chairs. Dayton, OH: Kramer Brothers Foundry. n.d. pg. 2. Fig. S-2, Minneapolis No. 1
Similar piece discussed in Henry Kauffman. "Early American ironware, cast and wrought." New York: Weathervane Books. 1966. p.8
Cite as:
Smithsonian Institution, Smithsonian Gardens, Garden Furnishings Collection
Repository Loc.:
Smithsonian Gardens, PO Box 37012, Capital Gallery, Suite 3300, MRC 506, Washington, DC 20013-7012
Topic:
Garden ornaments and furniture
Morning glories
Acanthus
Lions
Local number:
1977.007.001
Digital ID:
Artifacts #79
See more items in:
Horticulture Artifact Collection
Data Source:
Smithsonian Gardens
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_arc_249492

Aquarium Fountain [Canna indica]

view Aquarium Fountain [Canna indica] digital asset number 1
Physical description:
cast iron paint
glass
1 aquarium fountain height 45 in.x diameter of rim 28 in
Type:
Aquariums
Outdoor furniture
Cast iron
Fountains
Date:
1870
Notes:
This octagonal aquarium fountain rests on a slender column on three legs with castors. Decoration at each meeting point of glass may be a representation of Canna indica. A "leaf" bowl is placed above the center of the aquarium, where water jetted out.
Purchased from an antique broker in Baltimore, Maryland. The piece was sandblasted, repainted, and plumbing was repaired in 1983. Some of the glass was replaced. The original column was a dark forest green at time of purchase. The piece is currently black.
Persons and organizations associated with the piece include: Smithsonian Institution (owner, 1980-present).
HAC
Repository Loc.:
Smithsonian Gardens, PO Box 37012, Capital Gallery, Suite 3300, MRC 506, Washington, DC 20013-7012
Topic:
Garden ornaments and furniture
Local number:
1980.012
Digital ID:
Artifacts #149
See more items in:
Horticulture Artifact Collection
Data Source:
Smithsonian Gardens
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_arc_249493

Cemetery Gate [two lambs under weeping willow]

view Cemetery Gate [two lambs under weeping willow] digital asset number 1
Physical description:
cast iron
1 cemetery gate
Type:
Outdoor furniture
Cast iron
Gates
Date:
1850
Notes:
Cemetery gates often depicted motifs reflecting the afterlife. The weeping willow represents grief. Some sources have called this design with lambs the Psalm 23 motif, which starts with "The Lord is my shepherd."
The Office of Horticulture purchased the gate in 1989 from an antique broker in New York City. Compared to a similar gate, the top decorative family name plate is missing.
Persons and organizations associated with the piece include: Smithsonian Institution (owner, 1989-present).
HAC
Inscription on top iron frame: James Monahan Maker Savannah Georgia.
Repository Loc.:
Smithsonian Gardens, PO Box 37012, Capital Gallery, Suite 3300, MRC 506, Washington, DC 20013-7012
Topic:
Lambs
Weeping willow
Garden ornaments and furniture
Local number:
1989.001
Digital ID:
Artifacts #890
See more items in:
Horticulture Artifact Collection
Data Source:
Smithsonian Gardens
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_arc_249495

Plant Stand [cattail]

view Plant Stand [cattail] digital asset number 1
Physical description:
wrought iron paint
1 plant stand two-tiered with four legs and wrought foliage decoration height 49 1/2 in.x top 18 sq. in.
Type:
Outdoor furniture
Wrought iron
Plant stands
Date:
1900
Notes:
The creator of the stand was an Italian artist who owned a forge in Georgetown in the vicinity of M Street and Key Bridge, NW in Washington, DC. The stand is slightly pyramidal, as its legs angle out slightly at the base. Surface of legs and stretcher elements have pock-marked texture. Stretchers on each side have three elements with wave pattern, 11 1/2 - 16 in. above ground. Horizontal surfaces are scarred to resemble wood. Applied decoration to area between first shelf and table top is in the shape of foliage, possibly cattails. The stand is painted with a patina-like green paint, which is likely original.
The Office of Horticulture acquired the stand from Smithsonian Institution Furnishings in 1983.
Persons and organizations associated with the piece include: Smithsonian Institution (owner, 1983-present).
HAC
Repository Loc.:
Smithsonian Gardens, PO Box 37012, Capital Gallery, Suite 3300, MRC 506, Washington, DC 20013-7012
Topic:
Typha
Garden ornaments and furniture
Local number:
1983.009
Digital ID:
Artifacts #188
See more items in:
Horticulture Artifact Collection
Data Source:
Smithsonian Gardens
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_arc_249497

Fountain [Gur-Karma-Rana]

view Fountain [Gur-Karma-Rana] digital asset number 1
Manufacturer:
J.W. Fiske Iron Works
Physical description:
cast iron paint
1 fountain with pedestal and base height 97 in.x diameter of largest tier 36 in
Type:
Cast iron
Design elements
Fountains
Outdoor furniture
Date:
1870
1900
Notes:
This fountain consists of a base, pedestal, and basins. The three-tiered fountain was manufactured by the J. W. Fiske Iron Works Company in New York.
The fountain formerly belonged to the Ellerslie Farm in Petersburg, Virginia. Smithsonian's Office of Horticulture purchased it in 1977 for placement in the Victorian Garden at the Smithsonian Castle. The restoration of the fountain was made possible by contributions from Narinder K. Keith and Rajinder K. Keith. The name of the fountain pays tribute to the Keith family by using the first letters of the family members' names, hence the GUR-KARMA-RANA Keith Fountain. The fountain now stands in the Katherine Dulin Folger Rose Garden.
HAC
Inscription on base: J.W. Fiske, New York.
Repository Loc.:
Smithsonian Gardens, PO Box 37012, Capital Gallery, Suite 3300, MRC 506, Washington, DC 20013-7012
Topic:
Garden ornaments and furniture
Acanthus
Local number:
1977.004
Digital ID:
Artifacts #75
See more items in:
Horticulture Artifact Collection
Data Source:
Smithsonian Gardens
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_arc_250599

Grape Settee

Title: [grape vine settee]
view Grape Settee digital asset number 1
Manufacturer:
Robert Wood & Co.
Physical description:
cast iron paint
1 settee H. 32 1/2 in.x W. 44 in. x D. 21 1/2 in
Type:
Settees
Design elements
Cast iron
Outdoor furniture
Place:
United States of America, Pennsylvania, Philadelphia County, Philadelphia
Date:
1840
1840-1879
Notes:
Cast-iron bench comprised of a seat bolted to the frame. The back, arms, legs and front apron feature a pierced design of three-dimensional grapes and intertwining grape leaves and vines. The seat has an architectural pierced pattern. This model has a trellis-like leg of twisted vines surrounding grape clusters. Rods attached to the four legs form cross bars and create a supportive stretcher.
Several foundries (including Wood & Perot and Hope Iron Foundry) manufactured design variations of this settee by modifying the size, seat or contour of the back. Others varied the leg pattern.
While nature rambles freely, the vines here are purposefully contorted to assume the bench shape emphasizing the presence of a human hand. Naturalistic depictions of "tamed nature" are precise but manipulated views of reality. A.J. Davis and Andrew Jackson Downing advocated that the purpose of the designer's work was to strengthen the expression of the wild irregular aspects of American nature. Since nature is readily accessible, a taste for naturalistic design did not need to be specially cultivated as much as an appreciation for commonly available design motifs.
HAC
Maker's mark: Robert Wood.
Publications:
Discussed in Early American Ironware, Cast and Wrought by Henry J. Kauffman. New York: Weathervane Books, p. 8
Cite as:
Smithsonian Institution, Smithsonian Gardens, Garden Furnishings Collection
Repository Loc.:
Smithsonian Gardens, PO Box 37012, Capital Gallery, Suite 3300, MRC 506, Washington, DC 20013-7012
Topic:
Garden ornaments and furniture
Grapes
Vine scrolls
Local number:
1974.001
Digital ID:
Artifacts #3
See more items in:
Horticulture Artifact Collection
Data Source:
Smithsonian Gardens
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_arc_252202

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