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Truax, Robert Collins. [photograph]

Photographer:
United States Air Force  Search this
Type:
Two-dimensional graphics
Date:
11/18/1957
Topic:
Aeronautics, Military  Search this
Local number:
NASM-9A12962
Restrictions & Rights:
Images are subject to Smithsonian Institution, National Air and Space Museum, Copyright and Image Use Restrictions. Usage requires prior written permission. Should you wish to use NASM still images in any medium, please submit an Application for Permission to Reproduce NASM Photographs, available at NASM's Permissions webpage: www.nasm.si.edu/research/arch/permissions.cfm
See more items in:
Robert Collins Truax Papers
Data Source:
National Air and Space Museum Archives
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_arc_380375

Truax, Robert Collins. [photograph]

Photographer:
United States Air Force  Search this
Type:
Two-dimensional graphics
Date:
11/18/1957
Topic:
Aeronautics, Military  Search this
Local number:
NASM-9A12963
Restrictions & Rights:
Images are subject to Smithsonian Institution, National Air and Space Museum, Copyright and Image Use Restrictions. Usage requires prior written permission. Should you wish to use NASM still images in any medium, please submit an Application for Permission to Reproduce NASM Photographs, available at NASM's Permissions webpage: www.nasm.si.edu/research/arch/permissions.cfm
See more items in:
Robert Collins Truax Papers
Data Source:
National Air and Space Museum Archives
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_arc_380376

Truax, Robert Collins. [photograph]

Photographer:
Unknown  Search this
Type:
Two-dimensional graphics
Date:
Circa 1991
Topic:
Rocketry  Search this
Local number:
NASM-9A12964
Restrictions & Rights:
Images are subject to Smithsonian Institution, National Air and Space Museum, Copyright and Image Use Restrictions. Usage requires prior written permission. Should you wish to use NASM still images in any medium, please submit an Application for Permission to Reproduce NASM Photographs, available at NASM's Permissions webpage: www.nasm.si.edu/research/arch/permissions.cfm
See more items in:
Robert Collins Truax Papers
Data Source:
National Air and Space Museum Archives
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_arc_380377

Truax, Robert Collins; Rocket Cars, USA, Knievel (Truax X-2 Sky-Cycle). [photograph]

Photographer:
Unknown  Search this
Type:
Two-dimensional graphics
Topic:
Astronautics  Search this
Local number:
NASM-9A12960
Restrictions & Rights:
Images are subject to Smithsonian Institution, National Air and Space Museum, Copyright and Image Use Restrictions. Usage requires prior written permission. Should you wish to use NASM still images in any medium, please submit an Application for Permission to Reproduce NASM Photographs, available at NASM's Permissions webpage: www.nasm.si.edu/research/arch/permissions.cfm
See more items in:
Robert Collins Truax Papers
Data Source:
National Air and Space Museum Archives
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_arc_380373

Rocket Cars, USA, Knievel (Truax X-2 Sky-Cycle). [photograph]

Photographer:
Unknown  Search this
Type:
Two-dimensional graphics
Topic:
Astronautics  Search this
Propulsion systems  Search this
Local number:
NASM-9A12961
Restrictions & Rights:
Images are subject to Smithsonian Institution, National Air and Space Museum, Copyright and Image Use Restrictions. Usage requires prior written permission. Should you wish to use NASM still images in any medium, please submit an Application for Permission to Reproduce NASM Photographs, available at NASM's Permissions webpage: www.nasm.si.edu/research/arch/permissions.cfm
See more items in:
Robert Collins Truax Papers
Data Source:
National Air and Space Museum Archives
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_arc_380374

Robert C. Truax Collection

Creator:
Robert, C. Truax, 1917-2010  Search this
Extent:
11.99 Cubic Feet
12.95 Linear Feet (21 Legal Size Boxes, 1 Slim Legal Size, 3 Shoe Boxes, 1 Flat Box)
Type:
Archival materials
Collection descriptions
Date:
1929-2005
bulk 1980-2000
Summary:
Robert Truax was one of the great originals of American rocketry and a major proponent and inventor of ultra-low-cost rocket engine and vehicle concepts.
Scope and Contents:
This collection consists of material relating to the career of Robert Collins Truax including correspondence, photographic material, technical drawings, technical manuals and reports, presentation and conference materials, papers by Truax, news clippings, published materials and business records for Truax Engineering, Inc.

Projects and programs referenced in this collection include the Knievel Rocket Car (Truax X-2 Sky-Cycle); X-3 Volksrocket; amphibious launchers, including the "Sea Dragon," "Sea Horse," and SEALAR (Sea Launched Rocket); the Space Shuttle program; the Gemini and Apollo programs; Rocketdyne LR89 Liquid-Fuel Motors; Rand Project; the Corona Reconnaissance Satellite; and Project Private Enterprise.

The researcher should note that the collection also contains audio-visual material. These items are not included in the finding aid but the NASM audio-visual archivist can assist you regarding access.
Arrangement:
This collection was arranged into series by the processing archivist. There was no original order when the collection was received.

Series 1: Personal & Business Papers

Series 2: Papers Authored by R.C. Truax

Series 3: Drawings

Series 4: Images

4:1 - Slides

4:2 - Photos, Negatives & Floppy Discs
Acronyms:
Numerous acronyms were used by the creator when labeling his file units. Some will be obvious to the researcher but the archivist has identified some acronyms that might be more unclear. Not all acronyms were able to be identified.

AFRL - Air Force Research Lab

ATD - Advanced Technology Development

BAA - possibly Broad Agency Announcement

BMDO - Ballistic Missile Defense Organization

CDRL - Contract Data Requirements List?

CPAI - Chemical Propulsion Information Agency

ITAR - International Traffic in Arms Regulations

KACST - King Abdulaziz City for Science & Technology

MSFC - Marshall Space Flight Center

PMRF - Pacific Missile Range Facility

RSLP - Rocket Systems Launch Program

SEALAR - Sea Launch & Recovery

TEI - Truax Engineering Inc.

TPIPT - Technology Planning Integrated Product Teams
Biographical / Historical:
Robert Truax (1917-2010) was one of the great originals of American rocketry and a major proponent and inventor of ultra-low-cost rocket engine and vehicle concepts. A longtime member of the American Rocket Society (serving as its president in 1957,) He received the Robert H. Goddard award for outstanding work in liquid propellant rockets as well as the Legion of Merit citation for his conceptual work on making the "Polaris" guided-missile submarine a primary naval weapon. Truax was also inducted into the Air Force Space and Missile Pioneers Hall of Fame in 2003.

Inspired by Robert Goddard, Truax began building rockets when he was a teenager in California. From 1936 to 1939, while enrolled at the United States Naval Academy, he tested liquid-fueled rocket motors. During the late 1940s, he organized the US Naval Missile Test Center's propulsion laboratory at Point Mugu, California, and headed rocket development within the Navy's Bureau of Aeronotics where he advanced the concept of a staged combustion system upon which the Space Shuttle's main engines would eventually rely. In 1946, Truax led a team that interrogated the rocket engineer for Nazi Germany, Wernher von Braun.

By 1955, however, his proposal for a submarine-launched ballistic missile had failed to win Navy approval and he joined the Air Force's newly established Western Development Division (WDD) From 1955 to 1958, Captain Truax headed the Thor intermediate-range ballistic missile (IRBM) development program. Truax studied the sea launching of rockets, such as the Sea Bee and Sea Horse projects. In 1959 he retired as a Captain, and headed the Aerojet-General Advanced Development Division and Aerojet's Sea Dragon project in the Advanced Development Division until leaving in 1967. In 1966 Robert Truax founded Truax Engineering Inc. (TEI,) which studied sea launch concepts similar to the earlier Sea Dragon—the Excalibur, the SEALAR (Sea Launched Rocket,) and the Excalibur S. Here his low-cost booster program plan was elaborated and further studied, but he was again unable to interest NASA or the USAF in the concept of cheap access to space.

In the 70's and early 80's, Truax, heretofore prominent in scientific communities, emerged in popular culture. Literally building rockets from his own backyard in Saratoga, Truax built both of Evel Knievel's "Skycycles" for his 1974 for attempt to jump the Snake River Canyon. He later competed in the original X-prize competition to send a private astronaut into suborbital flight.

Robert Truax, died on September 17 aged 93, as a key figure in the rocket research that took America into the space age, while also being an inspiration to the do-it-yourself, back-yard amateur.
Provenance:
Truax Estate, gift, 2016
Restrictions:
No restrictions on access.
Rights:
Permissions Requests
Topic:
Truax X-3 Volksrocket  Search this
SEALAR (Sea Launched Rocket)  Search this
Astronautics  Search this
Manned space flight  Search this
Space Shuttle Program (U.S.)  Search this
Kneival Rocket Car (Truax X-2 Sky-Cycle)  Search this
Rocketry  Search this
RAND  Search this
North American Aviation, Inc. Rocketdyne Division  Search this
Citation:
Robert C. Truax Collection, Acc. 2016-0008, National Air and Space Museum, Smithsonian Institution.
Identifier:
NASM.2016.0008
See more items in:
Robert C. Truax Collection
Archival Repository:
National Air and Space Museum Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-nasm-2016-0008
Additional Online Media:

Scurlock Studio Records, Ledger Volume 01, 1911-1922

Author:
Scurlock Studio (Washington, D.C.)  Search this
Physical description:
Ink on paper
1 item, 45.3" x 34.0"
Culture:
African Americans Washington (D.C.)  Search this
Type:
Ledgers (account books)
Place:
Washington (D.C.)
Date:
1911
1911-1922
20th century
Local number:
AC0618-008-0000002
Restrictions & Rights:
Unrestricted research use on site by appointment
Request reproduction permission from Archives Center. Probably public domain. Fees for commercial reproduction
See more items in:
Scurlock Studio Records 1905-1994
Data Source:
Archives Center, National Museum of American History
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_arc_381313
1 Page(s) matching your search term, top most relevant are shown: View entire project in transcription center
  • View Scurlock Studio Records, Ledger Volume 01, 1911-1922 digital asset number 1

Diary, "Blind Landing on Iwo Jima"

Collection Creator:
Raskin, Harold.  Search this
Container:
Box 1, Folder 1
Type:
Archival materials
Text
Date:
January 2 to August 20, 1945
Collection Restrictions:
No restrictions on access.
Collection Rights:
Material is subject to Smithsonian Terms of Use. Should you wish to use NASM material in any medium, please submit an Application for Permission to Reproduce NASM Material, available at Permissions Requests
Collection Citation:
Harold Raskin World War II Diary and Images [Ground Controlled Approach (GCA) Landings on Iwo Jima], Acc. 2010.0029, National Air and Space Museum, Smithsonian Institution.
See more items in:
Harold Raskin World War II Diary and Images [Ground Controlled Approach (GCA) Landings on Iwo Jima]
Archival Repository:
National Air and Space Museum Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-nasm-2010-0029-ref506
1 Page(s) matching your search term, top most relevant are shown: View entire project in transcription center
  • View Diary,

Truax, Homer

Collection Creator:
National Air and Space Museum. Archives Division.  Search this
Container:
Drawer CT, Folder 493000-01
Type:
Archival materials
Scope and Contents note:
Documents
Collection Restrictions:
The majority of the Archives Department's public reference requests can be answered using material in these files, which may be accessed through the Archives Reading Room at the Museum in Washington, DC. More specific information can be requested by contacting the Archives Reference Desk.
See more items in:
National Air & Space Museum Technical Reference Files: Biographies
Archival Repository:
National Air and Space Museum Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-nasm-xxxx-1183-c-ref67351

Truax, Homer

Collection Creator:
National Air and Space Museum. Archives Division.  Search this
Type:
Archival materials
Collection Restrictions:
The majority of the Archives Department's public reference requests can be answered using material in these files, which may be accessed through the Archives Reading Room at the Museum in Washington, DC. More specific information can be requested by contacting the Archives Reference Desk.
See more items in:
National Air & Space Museum Technical Reference Files: Biographies
Archival Repository:
National Air and Space Museum Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-nasm-xxxx-1183-c-ref67350

Orbiter Project; Hoover, George W. (Commander); Durant, Frederick C., III; Kendrick, J. B.; Heller, Gerhard B.; von Braun, Wernher Magnus Maximilian; Satin, Alexander; Truax, Robert Collins (Commander); Whipple, Fred Lawrence (Doctor); Rosen, Milton W.. [photograph]

Photographer:
Unknown  Search this
Type:
Photographs
Date:
March 17, 1955
Topic:
Astronautics  Search this
Local number:
NASM-00162105
Restrictions & Rights:
Images are subject to Smithsonian Institution, National Air and Space Museum, Copyright and Image Use Restrictions. Usage requires prior written permission. Should you wish to use NASM still images in any medium, please submit an Application for Permission to Reproduce NASM Photographs, available at NASM's Permissions webpage: www.nasm.si.edu/research/arch/permissions.cfm
See more items in:
Videodisc Imagery Collection
Data Source:
National Air and Space Museum Archives
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_arc_370205

Truax Papers, January 2002

Collection Creator:
Robert, C. Truax, 1917-2010  Search this
Container:
Box 19, Folder 7
Type:
Archival materials
Text
Scope and Contents:
This notebook contains a compilation of written documents by Truax during his tour at KACST during Jan 2002.
Collection Restrictions:
No restrictions on access.
Collection Rights:
Permissions Requests
Collection Citation:
Robert C. Truax Collection, Acc. 2016-0008, National Air and Space Museum, Smithsonian Institution.
See more items in:
Robert C. Truax Collection
Archival Repository:
National Air and Space Museum Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-nasm-2016-0008-ref240

KACST, R.C. Truax

Collection Creator:
Robert, C. Truax, 1917-2010  Search this
Container:
Box 15, Folder 2
Type:
Archival materials
Text
Date:
2000-2001
Scope and Contents:
Includes notes, operation sequences/workflows, correspondence, calculations, test plans.
Collection Restrictions:
No restrictions on access.
Collection Rights:
Permissions Requests
Collection Citation:
Robert C. Truax Collection, Acc. 2016-0008, National Air and Space Museum, Smithsonian Institution.
See more items in:
Robert C. Truax Collection
Archival Repository:
National Air and Space Museum Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-nasm-2016-0008-ref167

All About R.C. Truax

Collection Creator:
Robert, C. Truax, 1917-2010  Search this
Container:
Box 3, Folder 8
Type:
Archival materials
Text
Date:
1957-circa 1992
Scope and Contents:
Various condensed bio's, a reference letter, draft profile for possibly a "Who's Who" publication.
Collection Restrictions:
No restrictions on access.
Collection Rights:
Permissions Requests
Collection Citation:
Robert C. Truax Collection, Acc. 2016-0008, National Air and Space Museum, Smithsonian Institution.
See more items in:
Robert C. Truax Collection
Archival Repository:
National Air and Space Museum Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-nasm-2016-0008-ref38

Truax, Robert Collins (Commander)

Collection Creator:
National Air and Space Museum. Archives Division.  Search this
Container:
Drawer CT, Folder 494000-01
Type:
Archival materials
Scope and Contents note:
Documents
Collection Restrictions:
The majority of the Archives Department's public reference requests can be answered using material in these files, which may be accessed through the Archives Reading Room at the Museum in Washington, DC. More specific information can be requested by contacting the Archives Reference Desk.
See more items in:
National Air & Space Museum Technical Reference Files: Biographies
Archival Repository:
National Air and Space Museum Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-nasm-xxxx-1183-c-ref67355

Truax, Robert Collins (Commander)

Collection Creator:
National Air and Space Museum. Archives Division.  Search this
Container:
Drawer CT, Folder 494000-02
Type:
Archival materials
Scope and Contents note:
Documents
Collection Restrictions:
The majority of the Archives Department's public reference requests can be answered using material in these files, which may be accessed through the Archives Reading Room at the Museum in Washington, DC. More specific information can be requested by contacting the Archives Reference Desk.
See more items in:
National Air & Space Museum Technical Reference Files: Biographies
Archival Repository:
National Air and Space Museum Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-nasm-xxxx-1183-c-ref67358

Truax, Robert Collins (Commander)

Collection Creator:
National Air and Space Museum. Archives Division.  Search this
Container:
Drawer CT, Folder 494000-80
Type:
Archival materials
Scope and Contents note:
Photos
Collection Restrictions:
The majority of the Archives Department's public reference requests can be answered using material in these files, which may be accessed through the Archives Reading Room at the Museum in Washington, DC. More specific information can be requested by contacting the Archives Reference Desk.
See more items in:
National Air & Space Museum Technical Reference Files: Biographies
Archival Repository:
National Air and Space Museum Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-nasm-xxxx-1183-c-ref67361

Truax Research Rockets

Collection Creator:
Desind, Herbert Stephen.  Search this
Container:
Box 139, Folder 6
Type:
Archival materials
Scope and Contents note:
Documents
Collection Restrictions:
No restrictions on access.
Collection Citation:
Herbert Stephen Desind Collection, Accession 1997-0014, National Air and Space Museum, Smithsonian Institution.
See more items in:
Herbert Stephen Desind Collection
Archival Repository:
National Air and Space Museum Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-nasm-1997-0014-ref18061

Truax, Robert Collins (Commander)

Collection Creator:
National Air and Space Museum. Archives Division.  Search this
Type:
Archival materials
Collection Restrictions:
The majority of the Archives Department's public reference requests can be answered using material in these files, which may be accessed through the Archives Reading Room at the Museum in Washington, DC. More specific information can be requested by contacting the Archives Reference Desk.
See more items in:
National Air & Space Museum Technical Reference Files: Biographies
Archival Repository:
National Air and Space Museum Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-nasm-xxxx-1183-c-ref67354

Papers Authored by R.C. Truax

Collection Creator:
Robert, C. Truax, 1917-2010  Search this
Container:
Box 18-19
Type:
Archival materials
Text
Date:
1938-2002
Collection Restrictions:
No restrictions on access.
Collection Rights:
Permissions Requests
Collection Citation:
Robert C. Truax Collection, Acc. 2016-0008, National Air and Space Museum, Smithsonian Institution.
Identifier:
NASM.2016.0008, Series 2
See more items in:
Robert C. Truax Collection
Archival Repository:
National Air and Space Museum Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-nasm-2016-0008-ref2

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