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Susette LaFlesche Tibbles

Artist:
Jose Maria Mora, 1849 - 1926
Sitter:
Susette LaFlesche Tibbles, 1854 - 1903
Medium:
Albumen silver print
Dimensions:
Image/Sheet: 14 × 9.7 cm (5 1/2 × 3 13/16")
Mount: 16.4 × 10.6 cm (6 7/16 × 4 3/16")
Type:
Photograph
Place:
United States\New York\Kings\New York
Date:
c. 1879
Topic:
Photographic Format\Cabinet card
Susette LaFlesche Tibbles: Society and Social Change\Reformer\Activist\Civil rights
Portrait
Credit Line:
National Portrait Gallery, Smithsonian Institution
Object number:
NPG.2013.3
Exhibition Label:
Born Bellevue, Nebraska
An important advocate of Native American rights, Susette LaFlesche Tibbles was raised on the Omaha reservation in Nebraska. She worked as a teacher before becoming involved in a study of social conditions among the Plains tribes. She was accompanied in this work by Thomas Tibbles, a newspaper editor whom she married in 1887. Galvanized by the terrible conditions she observed, “Bright Eyes,” as she came to be known, served as an expert witness and worked as an interpreter in court cases that Native peoples brought against the federal government. She also received widespread fame as an orator, speaking out about the lack of rights afforded tribes.
See more items in:
National Portrait Gallery Collection
Data Source:
National Portrait Gallery
Visitor Tag(s):

Thomas Henry Tibbles papers 1850-1956 (bulk 1875-1905)

Creator:
Tibbles, Thomas Henry 1840-1928
Subject:
La Flesche, Susette 1854-1903
Standing Bear Ponca chief
Crook, George 1829-1890
Bryan, William Jennings 1860-1925
Watson, Thomas E (Thomas Edward) 1856-1922
Physical description:
2 linear feet
41 photographic prints
Culture:
Omaha
Ponca
Type:
Articles
Collection descriptions
Cases
Autobiographies
Correspondence
Essays
Place:
United States
Date:
1850
1850-1956
bulk 1875-1905
Topic:
Habeas corpus
Ponca Indians--Legal status, laws, etc
Wounded Knee Massacre, S.D., 1890
Local number:
NMAI.AC.066
Restrictions:
Access is by appointment only, Monday - Friday, 9:30 am - 4:30 pm. Please contact the archives to make an appointment (phone: 301-238-1400, email: nmaiarchives@si.edu)
Notes:
Thomas Henry Tibbles was born May 22, 1840, near Athens, Ohio to parents William and Martha (nee Cooley) Tibbles. In 1856, at the age of 16, Tibbles fought with anti-slavery Free-Staters in the Bleeding Kansas conflicts under James Henry Lane. Lane's troops disbanded the same year and Tibbles went on to study at Mt. Union College in Alliance, Ohio from 1858-1861. During the Civil War Tibbles served as a scout and newspaper correspondent in Missouri and Kansas and continued newspaper work until 1871 when he became a circuit preacher. Between 1874 and 1879, Tibbles worked on the staffs of various newspapers in Omaha, Nebraska eventually reaching the post of assistant editor of "The Omaha Daily Herald." It was during his time at the Herald that Tibbles was instrumental in bringing the case of Standing Bear and the Ponca Indian people before the United States District Court at Fort Omaha. Standing Bear, along with thirty other Poncas, had returned to their home in Nebraska after being forcibly removed to Indian Territory 1878. They were being detained at the Omaha Reservation on an order from the Secretary of the Interior and Tibbles began to circulate the story of the plight of the Ponca to major newspapers gathering the support of the public. Eventually Tibbles had attorneys John L. Webster and A.J. Poppleton help Standing Bear petition the court with a writ of habeas corpus. On April 30, 1879 Judge Elmer Dundy declared that an Indian is a person within the law and that the Ponca were being held illegally, setting Standing Bear and the Ponca free. Following the trial, Tibbles continued to report on violations against Native American rights. Tibbles was a witness to the aftermath of the massacre of Native Americans at Wounded Knee in 1891, and reported this tragedy to the world. From 1893-1895, he worked as a newspaper correspondent in Washington D.C. On returning to Nebraska, Tibbles became editor-in-chief of "The Independent," a weekly Populist Party newspaper. He was the Populist Party nominee for Vice President of the United States in 1904. Though unsuccessful in this campaign Tibbles continued to write on Populist issues as well as editing "The Investigator" from 1905-1910 and returning to the "Omaha World Herald" from 1910 to his retirement
Tibbles had two children with his first wife, Amelia Owen whom he married in 1861. Eda, born in 1868 in Kansas City, married Herbert Bates in 1894 and May, born in 1870 in Danville Iowa, married Allen Barris in 1891. Amelia died of peritonitis in 1879. On June 29, 1882, Tibbles married Susette "Bright Eyes" LaFlesche (Omaha), daughter of Joseph "Iron Eye" LaFlesche. Susette LaFlesche worked closely alongside Tibbles during the Standing Bear's trial in her role as chief interpreter. Together, LaFlesche, Tibbles and Standing Bear carried out a successful lecture tour in England and Scotland in 1886-1887 speaking on issues of Indian rights. LaFlesche became well known as an eloquent writer and orator. Following her death in 1903 she was eulagized in the US Senate and was later inducted into the Nebraska Hall of Fame. Tibbles remarried for a final time in 1907 to Ida Belle Riddle. She remained by Tibbles side until his own death in 1928
During his career, Tibbles wrote three books which included "Ponca Chiefs" (1880), written under the pen name "Zylyff", "Hidden Power" (1881) and "The American Peasant" (1892). Tibbles had also composed his memoirs titled "Buckskin and Blanket Days" which were eventually published in 1957 through the efforts of his grandson Chester Barris
Summary:
The Thomas Henry Tibbles papers include documents that span Tibbles career as a journalist and lecturer on Indian rights from the 1870s until his death in 1928. Of particular note are the documents related to his work on the Standing Bear vs. George Crook Habeas Corpus trial. This includes articles, essays and talks written by Tibbles as well as copies of a lecture given by Susette LaFlesche Tibbles. Notable correspondents include; Robert Clarkson, Joseph Cook, General George Crook, Robert N. Price and William Jennings Bryan. Examples of materials related to the Ponca land case and Standing Bear trial include reports from the Ponca Relief commitee, a petition from the Ponca people, minutes from the Council Concerning Ponca Land Right and additional documents and writings sent out by Tibbles to gain support from both the church and politicians. Also included in these papers are several drafts of Buckskin and Blanket Days, Tibbles' autobiography that was written in 1905 and published in 1957. There is a significant amount of correspondence between Chester Barris, grandson to Tibbles, and publishing houses between 1939 and 1956 in the search for a willing publisher. There is also correspondence between Barris and his aunt Theadora "Dora" Cogswell who worked on editing the manuscript. Cogswell conducted a large amount of research on the historicity of the events described by Tibbles and her notes are included in the collection. The photographs in this collection include portraits of the Tibbles/LaFlesche family as well as portraits of freinds and aquaintances. These include photographs of Edward Everett Hale, General George Crook, Governor Benjamin Butler, Wendall Phillips, Thomas Watson, William Jennings Bryan and Harriet Beecher Stowe
Cite as:
Thomas Henry Tibbles papers (NMAI.AC.066), National Museum of the American Indian Archives, Smithsonian Institution
Data Source:
Smithsonian Institution National Museum of the American Indian Archives
Visitor Tag(s):

Susan Tibbles [Folder]

Contents:
Folder(s) may include exhibition announcements, newspaper and/or magazine clippings, press releases, brochures, reviews, invitations, illustrations, resumes, artist's statements, exhibition catalogs.
Topic:
Artists
Location:
Art & Artist files at the Smithsonian American Art Museum/ National Portrait Gallery Library
Data:
Smithsonian Libraries
Visitor Tag(s):

Thomas Henry Tibbles

Artist:
Unidentified Artist
Sitter:
Thomas Henry Tibbles, 1840 - 1904
Medium:
Oil on heavy textured paper
Dimensions:
37.9 x 29.3cm (14 15/16 x 11 9/16")
Type:
Painting
Date:
c. 1890
Topic:
Personal Attribute\Facial Hair\Mustache
Personal Attribute\Facial Hair\Beard
Thomas Henry Tibbles: Communications\Journalist\Editor\Newspaper
Portrait
Credit Line:
Current Owner: Museum of Nebraska History
Object number:
294P-1
See more items in:
Catalog of American Portraits
Data Source:
Catalog of American Portraits, National Portrait Gallery
Visitor Tag(s):

Tom Tibbles, (painting)

Painter:
Wallace, J. Laurie 1864-1953
Subject:
Tibbles, Tom
Type:
Paintings
Topic:
Portrait male
Control number:
IAP 71000582
Notes:
Nmaa Library Vertical File, 1984: Checklist Of Paintings By J. L Wallace (N.d.)
Data Source:
Art Inventories Catalog, Smithsonian American Art Museums
Visitor Tag(s):

Texts 1889 ?

Creator:
Dorsey, James Owen 1848-1895
Informant:
Miller, George (Omaha)
One Horn
Correspondent:
LaFlesche, Joseph
Addressee:
Tibbles, Thomas Henry 1840-1928
Physical description:
18 pages
Culture:
Omaha Indians
Ponca Indians
Indians of North America Great Plains
Type:
Archival materials
Date:
1889
Topic:
Omaha Indians
Folklore
Language and languages--Documentation
Local number:
NAA MS 4800: (3.2.1) [159]
Summary:
Consists of Dhegiha texts prepared for publication in "The Cegiha Language," CNAE VI, Washington, D. C., 1890, but with held by order of J. W. Powell. Dhegiha texts with interlinear and free translations and notes. Includes "Ictinike's adventure as a woman: an Omaha myth," "The Raccoon and the Coyote," both told by George Miller; "Ponka Story," told by One Horn; letter from Joseph LaFlesche to T. H. Tibbles, December, 1879
Cite as:
Manuscript 4800 Dorsey Papers: Omaha-Ponca (3.2.1) [159], National Anthropological Archives, Smithsonian Institution
See more items in:
James O. Dorsey Papers
Data Source:
National Anthropological Archives
Visitor Tag(s):

Transatlantic slavery : against human dignity / edited by Anthony Tibbles

Author:
Tibbles, Anthony
Merseyside Maritime Museum
Physical description:
168 p. : ill. (some col.), facsims. ; 29 cm
Type:
Exhibitions
Place:
Africa
Date:
1994
Topic:
Slavery--History
Slave trade
Slavery
Call number:
HT985 .T73 1994
Notes:
"This Catalog is to accompany the opening of the Transatlantic Slavery Gallery at Merseyside Maritime Museum, Liverpool."
On t.p.: National Museums & Galleries on Merseyside
Contents:
Introduction / Anthony Tibbles -- The rise of the Atlantic empires / David Richardson -- Human cargoes : enslavement and the middle passage / Edward Reynolds -- 'Guineamen' : some technical aspects of slave ships / M.K. Stammers -- African resistance to enslavement / Stephan Small ad James Walvin -- Caribbean slave society / Alissandra Cummins -- Wome in slavery and the transatlantic slave trade / Jennifer Lyle Morgan -- Liverpool and the English slave trade / David Richardson -- Oil not slaves : Liverpool and West Africa after 1807 / Anthony Tibbles -- Black people in Britain / James Walvin -- Black abolitionism 1787-1838 / James Walvin -- The impact of the slave trade on the societies of West and Central Africa / Patrick Manning -- An African view of transatlantic slavery and the role of oral testimony in creating a new legacy / Mary E. Modupe Kolawole -- Racist ideologies / Stephen Small -- On the meaning and history of slavery / Preston King -- The general legacy of the Atlantic slave trade / Stephen Hall
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
Visitor Tag(s):

Buckskin and blanket days : memoirs of a friend of the Indians / by Thomas Henry Tibbles

Author:
Tibbles, Thomas Henry 1840-1928
Physical description:
liv, 466 p. : ill., col. maps, ports. ; 18 cm
Type:
Correspondence
Biography
Place:
West (U.S.)
Date:
1985
1957
Topic:
Frontier and pioneer life
Journalists
Notes:
Originally published: Garden City : Doubleday, 1957
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
Visitor Tag(s):

Julia Lowry Carey Tibble, (painting)

Painter:
Tibble
Subject:
Tibble, Julia Lowry Carey
Medium:
Oil
Type:
Paintings
Date:
Ca. 1838
Topic:
Portrait female
Control number:
IAP 73180007
Notes:
National Society Colonial Dames of America, Oregon,. Portrait Survey, 1976
Data Source:
Art Inventories Catalog, Smithsonian American Art Museums
Visitor Tag(s):

"Re-Discovering" Thomas Henry Tibbles

Creator:
National Museum of the American Indian
Type:
Blog posts
Smithsonian staff publications
Blog posts
Update Date:
2014-02-06T13:32:20-05:00
Topic:
Native Americans
American Indians
Summary:
Journalist Thomas Tibbles played a crucial part in bringing the case of Standing Bear and the Ponca people before the U.S. District Court in 1879. The museum's Archive Center is working to make Tibbles's papers more available to researchers.
See more posts:
The National Museum of the American Indian
Data Source:
National Museum of the American Indian
Visitor Tag(s):

Buckskin and blanket days : memoirs of a friend of the Indians / written in 1905 by Thomas Henry Tibbles

Author:
Tibbles, Thomas Henry 1840-1928
Physical description:
x, 240 p. ; 19 cm
Type:
Biography
Correspondence
Place:
West (U.S.)
Date:
1961
Topic:
Frontier and pioneer life
Journalists
Call number:
E78.W5 T5 1961
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
Visitor Tag(s):

Saba : under the hyena's foot / by Jane Kurtz ; illustration by Jean-Paul Tibbles

Author:
Kurtz, Jane
Tibbles, Jean-Paul
Physical description:
207 p. : ill. (some col.) ; 20 cm
Type:
Books
Juvenile fiction
Place:
Ethiopia
Date:
2003
C2003
19th century
Topic:
History
Notes:
"American Girl."
Summary:
After being kidnapped and brought to the emperor's palace in Gondar, Ethiopia, twelve-year-old Saba discovers that she and her brother are part of the emperor's desperate attempt to consolidate political power in the mid-1840's
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
Visitor Tag(s):

Standing Bear and the Ponca chiefs / Thomas Henry Tibbles ; edited with an introduction by Kay Graber

Standing Bear & the Ponca chiefs
Author:
Tibbles, Thomas Henry 1840-1928
Graber, Kay 1938-
Subject:
Standing Bear Ponca chief Trials, litigation, etc
Physical description:
xiii, 143 p. ; 21 cm
Type:
Books
Place:
United States
Date:
1995
1880
Topic:
Legal status, laws, etc
Kings and rulers
Trials, litigation, etc
Notes:
"Bison books"--Spine
Originally published: Ponca chiefs. Boston : Lockwood, Brooks, 1880
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
Visitor Tag(s):

The silent stranger : a Kaya mystery / by Janet Shaw ; [illustrations by Jean-Paul Tibbles]

Kaya mystery
Author:
Shaw, Janet Beeler 1937-
Tibbles, Jean-Paul
Physical description:
132 p. : col. ill. ; 18 cm
Type:
Juvenile fiction
Place:
Northwest, Pacific
Date:
2005
C2005
18th century
Topic:
History
Notes:
"American Girl."
"American girl mysteries."
Contents:
A stranger with injured hands -- Many questions and a warning -- Runs in circles -- The tattered doll -- Danger for a dog -- Little questions and big questions -- Night of the spirit dances -- A visit from a wolf -- Hawk woman's story -- Gift from the stick people -- Hawk rising
Summary:
In 1765, the arrival of an injured stranger from another tribe, traveling alone and apparently unable to speak, arouses suspicion in Kaya's Nez Percé village. Includes glossary and historical notes on the Nez Percé Indians
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
Visitor Tag(s):

Julia Lowry Tibble (Carey) (d. 1840), (painting)

Painter:
Tibble
Subject:
Tibble, Mrs. (Julia Lowry Carey)
Medium:
Oil on canvas
Type:
Paintings
Date:
1838-1839
Topic:
Portrait female--Bust
Control number:
IAP 73180108
Notes:
National Society of Colonial Dames, Oregon, 2006
Data Source:
Art Inventories Catalog, Smithsonian American Art Museums
Visitor Tag(s):

Meet Josefina, an American girl / by Valerie Tripp ; illustrations, Jean-Paul Tibbles ; vignettes, Susan McAliley

Author:
Tripp, Valerie 1951-
Tibbles, Jean-Paul
McAliley, Susan
Physical description:
85 p. : col. ill. ; 22 cm
Type:
Juvenile fiction
Place:
New Mexico
Date:
1997
To 1848
Topic:
Ranch life
Mexican Americans
Sisters
Aunts
History
Notes:
"Book one"--P. [1] of cover
Summary:
Nine-year-old Josefina, the youngest of four sisters living in New Mexico in 1824, tries to help run the household after her mother dies
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
Visitor Tag(s):

Liverpool and transatlantic slavery / edited by David Richardson, Suzanne Schwarz and Anthony Tibbles

Author:
Richardson, David 1946-
Schwarz, Suzanne
Tibbles, Anthony
Merseyside Maritime Museum
National Museums Liverpool
Historic Society of Lancashire and Cheshire
Physical description:
xii, 315 p. : ill. ; 24 cm
Type:
Congresses
Place:
England
Liverpool
Date:
2010
Topic:
Slavery
Slave trade--History
Notes:
Essays originally presented at the international conference held at the Merseyside Maritime Museum in October 2005
Published in association with National Museums Liverpool, and Historic Society of Lancashire and Cheshire
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
Visitor Tag(s):

Hidden power. A secret history of the Indian ring, its operations, intrigues, and machinations. Revealing the manner in which it controls three important departments of the United States government. A defense of the U.S. Army, and a solution of the Indian problem. By T.H. Tibbles

Author:
Tibbles, Thomas Henry 1840-1928
Physical description:
11-356 p. 19 cm
Type:
Books
Date:
1881
Call number:
PZ3.T55H63 1881
Notes:
Wright III, 5466
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
Visitor Tag(s):

African-English literature; a short survey and anthology of prose and poetry up to 1965. Edited by Anne Tibble

Author:
Tibble, Anne Northgrave
Physical description:
304 p. 23 cm
Type:
Books
Date:
1965
[1965]
Topic:
African literature (English)
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
Visitor Tag(s):

Oo-mah-ha Ta-wa-tha (Omaha City) by Fannie Reed Giffen. With illustrations by Susette La Flesche Tibbles (Bright Eyes) 1854-1898

Author:
Giffen, Fannie Reed
Physical description:
1 p. l., 94 p., 1 l. front. (port.) illus. (incl. facsim.) 2 col. pl. 15 cm
Type:
Books
Date:
1898
[1898]
Notes:
Biographical and descriptive sketches of the Omaha Indians
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
Visitor Tag(s):

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