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Brown and cream striped day dress from the Civil War era

Created by:
Unidentified  Search this
Manufactured by:
India Rubber Comb Company, 1854 - 1890  Search this
Subject of:
Black Fashion Museum, American, 1979 - 2007  Search this
Medium:
cotton cloth with vulcanized rubber buttons
Dimensions:
H x W (flat): 53 3/4 × 29 1/4 in. (136.5 × 74.3 cm)
Type:
dresses
Date:
1865-1875
Topic:
African American  Search this
Clothing and dress  Search this
Fashion  Search this
United States--Social life and customs  Search this
Women  Search this
Credit Line:
Collection of the Smithsonian National Museum of African American History and Culture, Gift of the Black Fashion Museum founded by Lois K. Alexander-Lane
Object number:
2007.3.34
Restrictions & Rights:
No Known Copyright Restrictions
See more items in:
National Museum of African American History and Culture Collection
Collection title:
Black Fashion Museum Collection
Classification:
Slavery and Freedom Objects
Clothing-Historical
Exhibition:
Slavery and Freedom
On View:
NMAAHC (1400 Constitution Ave NW), National Mall Location, Concourse 3, C3 053
Data Source:
National Museum of African American History and Culture
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:nmaahc_2007.3.34
Additional Online Media:

Dress made by an unidentified enslaved woman or women

Created by:
Unidentified Woman or Women  Search this
Subject of:
Black Fashion Museum, American, 1979 - 2007  Search this
Medium:
cotton (textile), muslin
Dimensions:
H x W x D (On Form): 47 1/2 x 23 x 20 in. (120.7 x 58.4 x 50.8 cm)
Waist: 25 1/2 in. (64.8 cm)
H x W (In box, padded out): 45 1/4 × 22 × 9 1/2 in. (114.9 × 55.9 × 24.1 cm)
Type:
dresses
Place made:
Staunton, Augusta County, Virginia, United States, North and Central America
Date:
1845-1865
Topic:
African American  Search this
Clothing and dress  Search this
Slavery  Search this
Credit Line:
Collection of the Smithsonian National Museum of African American History and Culture, Gift of the Black Fashion Museum founded by Lois K. Alexander-Lane
Object number:
2007.3.4
Restrictions & Rights:
Public domain
See more items in:
National Museum of African American History and Culture Collection
Collection title:
Black Fashion Museum Collection
Classification:
Slavery and Freedom Objects
Clothing-Historical
Exhibition:
Slavery and Freedom
On View:
NMAAHC (1400 Constitution Ave NW), National Mall Location, Concourse 3, C3 053
Data Source:
National Museum of African American History and Culture
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:nmaahc_2007.3.4
Additional Online Media:

Printed floral skirt worn by Lucy Lee Shirley as a child

Created by:
Unidentified  Search this
Worn by:
Lucy Lee Shirley, American, 1855 - 1929  Search this
Subject of:
Black Fashion Museum, American, 1979 - 2007  Search this
Medium:
bast fiber, wool textile, and synthetic fiber
Dimensions:
H x W (Flat): 18 × 33 1/2 in. (45.7 × 85.1 cm)
Waist: 24 1/2 in. (62.2 cm)
Type:
skirts
Place used:
Leesburg, Loudoun County, Virginia, United States, North and Central America
Date:
ca. 1860
Topic:
African American  Search this
Children  Search this
Clothing and dress  Search this
Slavery  Search this
Credit Line:
Collection of the Smithsonian National Museum of African American History and Culture, Gift of the Black Fashion Museum founded by Lois K. Alexander-Lane
Object number:
2007.3.5
Restrictions & Rights:
No Known Copyright Restrictions
See more items in:
National Museum of African American History and Culture Collection
Collection title:
Black Fashion Museum Collection
Classification:
Slavery and Freedom Objects
Clothing-Historical
Exhibition:
Slavery and Freedom
On View:
NMAAHC (1400 Constitution Ave NW), National Mall Location, Concourse 3, C3 053
Data Source:
National Museum of African American History and Culture
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:nmaahc_2007.3.5
Additional Online Media:

Shackles

Created by:
Unidentified  Search this
Medium:
iron
Dimensions:
H x W x D: 2 1/2 x 9 x 1 1/4 in. (6.4 x 22.9 x 3.2 cm)
Type:
shackles
Date:
Before 1860
Topic:
African American  Search this
Africa  Search this
Middle Passage  Search this
Slavery  Search this
Trans Atlantic slave trade  Search this
Credit Line:
Collection of the Smithsonian National Museum of African American History and Culture
Object number:
2008.10.4
Restrictions & Rights:
No Known Copyright Restrictions
See more items in:
National Museum of African American History and Culture Collection
Classification:
Slavery and Freedom Objects
Data Source:
National Museum of African American History and Culture
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:nmaahc_2008.10.4

Tintype of a young woman with a child

Created by:
Unidentified  Search this
Subject of:
Unidentified Woman or Women  Search this
Unidentified Child or Children  Search this
Medium:
silver on iron photographic plate with wood and velvet
Dimensions:
H x W x D (Closed): 3 5/8 × 3 3/8 × 5/8 in. (9.2 × 8.6 × 1.6 cm)
H x W x D (Open): 3 5/8 × 6 9/16 × 3/8 in. (9.2 × 16.7 × 1 cm)
Type:
tintypes
portraits
Place collected:
Boston, Suffolk County, Massachusetts, United States, North and Central America
Date:
ca. 1865
Topic:
African American  Search this
Photography  Search this
Credit Line:
Collection of the Smithsonian National Museum of African American History and Culture
Object number:
2008.9.16
Restrictions & Rights:
Public domain
See more items in:
National Museum of African American History and Culture Collection
Classification:
Slavery and Freedom Objects
Media Arts-Photography
Data Source:
National Museum of African American History and Culture
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:nmaahc_2008.9.16

Ambrotype of a Civil War soldier

Photograph by:
Unidentified  Search this
Created by:
Littlefield, Parsons & Co., American, 1858 - 1866  Search this
Medium:
collodion and silver on glass photographic plates
Dimensions:
Closed: 3 × 2 5/8 × 7/8 in. (7.6 × 6.7 × 2.2 cm)
Open: 3 × 5 1/8 × 9/16 in. (7.6 × 13 × 1.4 cm)
3 x 5 in. (7.6 x 12.7 cm)
Type:
ambrotypes
portraits
Date:
1861-1865
Topic:
African American  Search this
Military  Search this
Photography  Search this
Slavery  Search this
United States Colored Troops  Search this
United States--History--Civil War, 1861-1865  Search this
Credit Line:
Collection of the Smithsonian National Museum of African American History and Culture
Object number:
2008.9.2
Restrictions & Rights:
Public domain
See more items in:
National Museum of African American History and Culture Collection
Classification:
Slavery and Freedom Objects
Media Arts-Photography
Exhibition:
Double Victory: The African American Military Experience
On View:
NMAAHC (1400 Constitution Ave NW), National Mall Location, Community/Third Floor, 3 053
Data Source:
National Museum of African American History and Culture
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:nmaahc_2008.9.2
Additional Online Media:

Carte-de-visite of women and children in a cotton field

Photograph by:
J. H. Aylsworth, American  Search this
Subject of:
Unidentified Woman or Women  Search this
Unidentified Child or Children  Search this
Medium:
albumen and silver nitrate on photographic paper
Dimensions:
H x W: 2 1/2 x 3 3/4 in. (6.4 x 9.5 cm)
Type:
cartes-de-visite
albumen prints
portraits
Date:
1860s
Topic:
African American  Search this
Agriculture  Search this
Photography  Search this
Slavery  Search this
Credit Line:
Collection of the Smithsonian National Museum of African American History and Culture
Object number:
2008.9.26
Restrictions & Rights:
Public domain
See more items in:
National Museum of African American History and Culture Collection
Classification:
Slavery and Freedom Objects
Media Arts-Photography
Data Source:
National Museum of African American History and Culture
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:nmaahc_2008.9.26

The Sale

Title:
Carte-de-visite of a slave auction
Created by:
Henry Louis Stephens, American, 1821 - 1886  Search this
Medium:
lithographic ink on cardboard
Dimensions:
H x W: 4 x 2 1/2 in. (10.2 x 6.4 cm)
Type:
color lithographs
Date:
ca. 1863
Topic:
African American  Search this
Caricature and cartoons  Search this
Domestic slave trade  Search this
Credit Line:
Collection of the Smithsonian National Museum of African American History and Culture
Object number:
2008.9.53
Restrictions & Rights:
Public domain
See more items in:
National Museum of African American History and Culture Collection
Classification:
Visual Arts
Slavery and Freedom Objects
Data Source:
National Museum of African American History and Culture
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:nmaahc_2008.9.53
Additional Online Media:

Ledger of supply costs for eleven Revolutionary War soldiers

Created by:
Isaac Goodrich, American  Search this
Subject of:
Prince Simbo, American, ca. 1737 - 1810  Search this
Medium:
ink on paper
Dimensions:
H x W: 12 7/16 x 8 in. (31.6 x 20.3 cm)
Type:
documents
Place made:
Glastonbury, Hartford County, Connecticut, United States, North and Central America
Date:
1782
Topic:
African American  Search this
Free communities of color  Search this
Military  Search this
United States--History--Revolution, 1775-1783  Search this
Credit Line:
Collection of the Smithsonian National Museum of African American History and Culture
Object number:
2009.14.2
Restrictions & Rights:
Public domain
See more items in:
National Museum of African American History and Culture Collection
Classification:
Documents and Published Materials
Slavery and Freedom Objects
Data Source:
National Museum of African American History and Culture
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:nmaahc_2009.14.2
Additional Online Media:

Seaman's Protection Certificate for Robert Barnaby

Created by:
J. N. Barker, American  Search this
Subject of:
Robert Barnaby, American, born 1807  Search this
Medium:
ink on paper
Dimensions:
H x W: 8 1/2 x 10 3/8 in. (21.6 x 26.4 cm)
Type:
citizenship papers
Place made:
Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, United States, North and Central America
Date:
April 21, 1834
Topic:
African American  Search this
Free communities of color  Search this
Military  Search this
United States--History--War of 1812  Search this
Credit Line:
Collection of the Smithsonian National Museum of African American History and Culture
Object number:
2009.14.3
Restrictions & Rights:
No Known Copyright Restrictions
See more items in:
National Museum of African American History and Culture Collection
Classification:
Slavery and Freedom Objects
Documents and Published Materials-Business and Legal Documents
Exhibition:
Double Victory: The African American Military Experience
On View:
NMAAHC (1400 Constitution Ave NW), National Mall Location, Community/Third Floor, 3 053
Data Source:
National Museum of African American History and Culture
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:nmaahc_2009.14.3
Additional Online Media:

Receipt for blankets given to soldiers Prince Simbo and Sampson Freeman

Created by:
Unidentified  Search this
Subject of:
Prince Simbo, American, ca. 1737 - 1810  Search this
Sampson Freeman, American  Search this
Medium:
ink on paper
Dimensions:
H x W: 4 11/16 x 8 5/16 in. (11.9 x 21.1 cm)
Type:
receipts
Place made:
Hartford, Hartford County, Connecticut, United States, North and Central America
Date:
April 21, 1778
Topic:
African American  Search this
Military  Search this
Slavery  Search this
United States--History--Revolution, 1775-1783  Search this
Credit Line:
Collection of the Smithsonian National Museum of African American History and Culture
Object number:
2009.14.7
Restrictions & Rights:
public domain
See more items in:
National Museum of African American History and Culture Collection
Classification:
Slavery and Freedom Objects
Documents and Published Materials-Business and Legal Documents
Data Source:
National Museum of African American History and Culture
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:nmaahc_2009.14.7
Additional Online Media:

Voucher of payment to Private Prince Simbo

Created by:
Eleazer Wales, American, 1732 - 1794  Search this
Subject of:
Prince Simbo, American, ca. 1737 - 1810  Search this
Medium:
ink on paper
Dimensions:
H x W: 6 1/2 x 8 in. (16.5 x 20.3 cm)
Type:
vouchers
Place made:
Hartford, Hartford County, Connecticut, United States, North and Central America
Date:
March 20, 1783
Topic:
African American  Search this
Military  Search this
Slavery  Search this
United States--History--Revolution, 1775-1783  Search this
Credit Line:
Collection of the Smithsonian National Museum of African American History and Culture
Object number:
2009.14.8
Restrictions & Rights:
public domain
See more items in:
National Museum of African American History and Culture Collection
Classification:
Slavery and Freedom Objects
Documents and Published Materials-Business and Legal Documents
Data Source:
National Museum of African American History and Culture
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:nmaahc_2009.14.8
Additional Online Media:

Oil lamp from the Jones-Hall-Sims House

Created by:
Unidentified  Search this
Medium:
glass, metal and cloth wick
Dimensions:
H x W: 11 1/2 × 6 × 6 in. (29.2 × 15.2 × 15.2 cm)
Type:
oil lamps
Place used:
Poolesville, Montgomery County, Maryland, United States, North and Central America
Date:
1860-1900
Topic:
African American  Search this
Communities  Search this
Domestic life  Search this
Emancipation  Search this
Reconstruction (United States History, 1865-1877)  Search this
Credit Line:
Collection of the Smithsonian National Museum of African American History and Culture, Donated by Bradley and Shannon Rhoderick
Object number:
2009.25.5
Restrictions & Rights:
No Known Copyright Restrictions
See more items in:
National Museum of African American History and Culture Collection
Classification:
Slavery and Freedom Objects
Furnishings, Housewares, and Décor
Exhibition:
Defending Freedom, Defining Freedom: The Era of Segregation, 1876-1968
On View:
NMAAHC (1400 Constitution Ave NW), National Mall Location, Concourse 2, C 2053
Data Source:
National Museum of African American History and Culture
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:nmaahc_2009.25.5
Additional Online Media:

Petition signed by John Cuffe and Paul Cuffe regarding taxation

Written by:
Unidentified  Search this
Signed by:
John Cuffe, American, 1752 - 1836  Search this
Paul Cuffe, American, 1759 - 1817  Search this
Medium:
ink on paper
Dimensions:
H x W: 8 1/2 × 8 in. (21.6 × 20.3 cm)
Type:
petitions
Place made:
Taunton, Bristol County, Massachusetts, United States, North and Central America
Date:
December 19, 1780
Topic:
African American  Search this
Free communities of color  Search this
Government  Search this
Justice  Search this
Law  Search this
Resistance  Search this
Suffrage  Search this
United States--History--Revolution, 1775-1783  Search this
Credit Line:
Collection of the Smithsonian National Museum of African American History and Culture
Object number:
2009.26.1
Restrictions & Rights:
Public Domain
See more items in:
National Museum of African American History and Culture Collection
Classification:
Slavery and Freedom Objects
Documents and Published Materials-Business and Legal Documents
Exhibition:
Slavery and Freedom
On View:
NMAAHC (1400 Constitution Ave NW), National Mall Location, Concourse 3, C3 053
Data Source:
National Museum of African American History and Culture
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:nmaahc_2009.26.1
Additional Online Media:

Letter to Charles Humbert Marie Vincent signed by Toussaint Louverture

Written by:
Unidentified  Search this
Signed by:
Toussaint Louverture, Haitian, 1743 - 1803  Search this
Received by:
Charles Humbert Marie Vincent, French, 1753 - 1831  Search this
Medium:
ink on paper
Dimensions:
H x W x D: 39 x 23 x 2 in. (99.1 x 58.4 x 5.1 cm)
Type:
letters (correspondence)
Place made:
Cap-Haïtien, Nord, Haiti, Caribbean, Latin America, North and Central America
Place used:
France, Europe
Date:
October 21, 1797
Topic:
African American  Search this
Antislavery  Search this
Correspondence  Search this
Freedom  Search this
Government  Search this
Justice  Search this
Military  Search this
Resistance  Search this
Credit Line:
Collection of the Smithsonian National Museum of African American History and Culture
Object number:
2009.26.2ab
Restrictions & Rights:
public domain
See more items in:
National Museum of African American History and Culture Collection
Classification:
Documents and Published Materials
Slavery and Freedom Objects
Exhibition:
Slavery and Freedom
On View:
NMAAHC (1400 Constitution Ave NW), National Mall Location, Concourse 3, C3 053
Data Source:
National Museum of African American History and Culture
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:nmaahc_2009.26.2ab
Additional Online Media:

Letter written by John Brown and Frederick Douglass to Brown's wife and children

Written by:
Frederick Douglass, American, 1818 - 1895  Search this
John Brown, American, 1800 - 1859  Search this
Received by:
Mary Ann Brown, American, 1817 - 1884  Search this
Medium:
ink on paper
Dimensions:
H x W: 9 7/8 x 7 7/8 in. (25.1 x 20 cm)
Type:
letters (correspondence)
Place made:
Rochester, Monroe County, New York, United States, North and Central America
Date:
January 30, 1858
Topic:
African American  Search this
Antislavery  Search this
Correspondence  Search this
Domestic life  Search this
Fatherhood  Search this
Government  Search this
Resistance  Search this
Slavery  Search this
Credit Line:
Collection of the Smithsonian National Museum of African American History and Culture
Object number:
2009.26.3
Restrictions & Rights:
Public Domain
See more items in:
National Museum of African American History and Culture Collection
Classification:
Documents and Published Materials
Slavery and Freedom Objects
Data Source:
National Museum of African American History and Culture
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:nmaahc_2009.26.3
Additional Online Media:

Identification button used by Thomas Porter II

Manufactured by:
I. Nutting & Son, British, ca.1805 - 1840  Search this
Used by:
Thomas Porter II, British, 1790 - 1857  Search this
Medium:
pewter
Dimensions:
Diameter: 13/16 in. (2.1 cm), 3.9Grams
Type:
buttons (fasteners)
buttons (information artifacts)
Place collected:
Georgia, United States, North and Central America
Place used:
Demerara-Mahaica, Guyana, South America
Date:
ca. 1820
Topic:
African American  Search this
Middle Passage  Search this
Credit Line:
Collection of the Smithsonian National Museum of African American History and Culture
Object number:
2009.32.1
Restrictions & Rights:
No Known Copyright Restrictions
See more items in:
National Museum of African American History and Culture Collection
Classification:
Slavery and Freedom Objects
Awards and Medals
Data Source:
National Museum of African American History and Culture
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:nmaahc_2009.32.1

Identification button used by Thomas Porter II

Manufactured by:
I. Nutting & Son, British, ca.1805 - 1840  Search this
Used by:
Thomas Porter II, British, 1790 - 1857  Search this
Medium:
pewter
Dimensions:
Diameter: 13/16 in. (2.1 cm), 3.2Grams
Type:
buttons (fasteners)
buttons (information artifacts)
Place collected:
Georgia, United States, North and Central America
Place used:
Demerara-Mahaica, Guyana, South America
Date:
ca. 1820
Topic:
African American  Search this
Middle Passage  Search this
Credit Line:
Collection of the Smithsonian National Museum of African American History and Culture
Object number:
2009.32.2
Restrictions & Rights:
No Known Copyright Restrictions
See more items in:
National Museum of African American History and Culture Collection
Classification:
Slavery and Freedom Objects
Awards and Medals
Data Source:
National Museum of African American History and Culture
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:nmaahc_2009.32.2
Additional Online Media:

Identification button used by Thomas Porter II

Created by:
Unidentified  Search this
Used by:
Thomas Porter II, British, 1790 - 1857  Search this
Medium:
copper alloy
Dimensions:
Diameter: 3/4 in. (1.9 cm), 2.7Grams
Type:
buttons (fasteners)
buttons (information artifacts)
Place collected:
Georgia, United States, North and Central America
Place used:
Demerara-Mahaica, Guyana, South America
Date:
ca. 1820
Topic:
African American  Search this
Middle Passage  Search this
Credit Line:
Collection of the Smithsonian National Museum of African American History and Culture
Object number:
2009.32.3
Restrictions & Rights:
No Known Copyright Restrictions
See more items in:
National Museum of African American History and Culture Collection
Classification:
Slavery and Freedom Objects
Awards and Medals
Data Source:
National Museum of African American History and Culture
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:nmaahc_2009.32.3

Identification button used by Thomas Porter II

Created by:
Unidentified  Search this
Used by:
Thomas Porter II, British, 1790 - 1857  Search this
Medium:
copper alloy
Dimensions:
Diameter: 3/4 in. (1.9 cm), 2.8Grams
Type:
buttons (fasteners)
buttons (information artifacts)
Place collected:
Georgia, United States, North and Central America
Place used:
Demerara-Mahaica, Guyana, South America
Date:
ca. 1820
Topic:
African American  Search this
Middle Passage  Search this
Credit Line:
Collection of the Smithsonian National Museum of African American History and Culture
Object number:
2009.32.4
Restrictions & Rights:
No Known Copyright Restrictions
See more items in:
National Museum of African American History and Culture Collection
Classification:
Slavery and Freedom Objects
Awards and Medals
Data Source:
National Museum of African American History and Culture
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:nmaahc_2009.32.4

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