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EPA "Save Gas" Bumper Sticker

Associated institution:
U.S. Environmental Protection Agency
Physical Description:
paper (overall material)
red, white, blue (overall color)
Measurements:
overall: 3 in x 12 in; 7.62 cm x 30.48 cm
Object Name:
bumper sticker
Date made:
1976
Issued date:
1976
Subject:
Environmental Movement
Government, Politics, and Reform
Conservation
Environmental History
Environmental History
ID Number:
1977.0526.01
Accession number:
1977.0526
Catalog number:
1977.0526.01
Description:
During the gas shortages of the 1970s, American motorists were encouraged to reduce highway speed in order to cut fuel consumption and automobile emissions. The U. S. Environmental Protection Agency issued this red, white, and blue bumper sticker in the shape of a flag during the 1976 Bicentennial to promote patriotism and support for this unpopular idea.
Location:
Currently not on view
See more items in:
Political History: Political History, General History Collection
Environmental History
Data Source:
National Museum of American History, Kenneth E. Behring Center
Visitor Tag(s):

Johnny Horizon '76 Cowboy Hat

Associated institution:
Department of Interior. Bureau of Education
Physical Description:
red; white; blue (overall color)
wool felt (overall material)
Measurements:
overall: 5 in x 10 in x 12 3/4 in; 12.7 cm x 25.4 cm x 32.385 cm
Object Name:
hat
Date made:
ca 1976
Associated date:
1976
Subject:
Education
Environment
Environmental History
Government, Politics, and Reform
Environmental History
ID Number:
1977.0680.02
Accession number:
1977.0680
Catalog number:
1977.0680.02
Description:
The Johnny Horizon Program was established by the U.S. Department of the Interior in the early 1970s to increase environmental awareness and encourage people to work together to improve and protect the environment. “Johnny Horizon” was a symbolic figure of a concerned citizen who wanted to help keep America clean as it approached its 200th birthday in 1976.
The program distributed environmental education newsletters, booklets, stickers, and other material throughout the country. This “Johnny Horizon” red, white, and blue life-size cowboy hat was offered to children so they could show their support for a safe and healthy future for America.
Location:
Currently not on view
See more items in:
Political History: Political History, General History Collection
Environmental History
Data Source:
National Museum of American History, Kenneth E. Behring Center
Visitor Tag(s):

Additional Online Media:

A&P Grocery Bag

Physical Description:
paper (overall material)
brown; red (overall color)
Measurements:
overall: 17 in x 12 in x 7 in; 43.18 cm x 30.48 cm x 17.78 cm
Object Name:
shopping bag
grocery bag
Date made:
1973
Subject:
Conservation
Government, Politics, and Reform
Environmental Movement
Environmental History
Environmental History
ID Number:
1977.0700.16
Accession number:
1977.0700
Catalog number:
1977.0700.16
Description:
The grassroots environmental movements that sprang up in America in the 1960s and early 1970s gave rise to new organizations and campaigns urging the conservation of natural resources. The A&P Grocery chain used this paper shopping bag promoting energy conservation in the mid-1970s demonstrating that even corporate America responded to the call for increased environmental awareness.
Location:
Currently not on view
See more items in:
Political History: Political History, General History Collection
Environmental History
Data Source:
National Museum of American History, Kenneth E. Behring Center
Visitor Tag(s):

Solar Power Bumper Sticker

Physical Description:
paper (overall material)
red; yellow (overall color)
Measurements:
overall: 2 3/4 in x 15 in; 6.985 cm x 38.1 cm
Object Name:
bumper sticker
Date made:
1970s
Subject:
Environment
Nuclear power
Government, Politics, and Reform
Environmental Movement
Energy & Power
Environmental History
ID Number:
1981.0435.11
Accession number:
1981.0435
Catalog number:
1981.0435.11
Description:
Many environmental groups in the 1960s and 1970s battled against the use of nuclear power to produce electricity because they considered it a dangerous source of pollution to humans and their environment. This bumper sticker promoted the use of solar power as an alternative and safer method for providing the world’s energy needs.
Location:
Currently not on view
See more items in:
Political History: Political History, Reform Movements Collection
Environmental History
Data Source:
National Museum of American History, Kenneth E. Behring Center
Visitor Tag(s):

"Freedom to Breathe" Environmental Poster

Referenced:
U.S. Public Health Service
Physical Description:
paper (overall material)
white; green; pink (overall color)
Measurements:
overall: 17 in x 12 in; 43.18 cm x 30.48 cm
Object Name:
poster
Date made:
1969
Subject:
Environment
Environmental Movement
Government, Politics, and Reform
Environmental History
Environmental History
Credit Line:
Carl F. Meyers, Jr.
ID Number:
1988.0522.01
Catalog number:
1988.0522.01
Accession number:
1988.0522
Description:
Scientific studies have linked air pollution to quality of life and health issues. To emphasize the need to control the quality of the country’s air, this poster shows the Statue of Liberty, an American symbol of freedom, wearing a gas mask because she has lost the freedom to breathe clean, healthy air. Produced in 1969 by the U.S. Department of Health, Education and Welfare, it resembles rock music posters of the era.
Location:
Currently not on view
See more items in:
Political History: Political History, General History Collection
Environmental History
Data Source:
National Museum of American History, Kenneth E. Behring Center
Visitor Tag(s):

Urban Ecology Button

Physical Description:
metal (overall material)
white (overall color)
black (overall color)
round (overall shape)
Measurements:
average spatial: 1 3/4 in; 4.445 cm
Object Name:
button
Date made:
1970s
Subject:
Environment
Environmental Movement
Government, Politics, and Reform
Environmental History
Environmental History
ID Number:
1996.0130.35
Catalog number:
1996.0130.35
Accession number:
1996.0130
Description:
Ecology is a branch of science dealing with the relationships of organisms within an environment. Urban ecology is the study of how organisms coexist in a hard-landscape urban area. This button showing a dead bird in the city is a satirical example of how ecosystems cannot coexist without a balanced relationship.
Location:
Currently not on view
See more items in:
Political History: Political History, Reform Movements Collection
Environmental History
Data Source:
National Museum of American History, Kenneth E. Behring Center
Visitor Tag(s):

White House Solar Panel

User:
Carter, Jimmy
Maker:
Inter Technology/Solar Corporation
Physical Description:
glass (overall material)
metal (overall material)
Measurements:
overall: 5 in x 37 in x 78 in; 12.7 cm x 93.98 cm x 198.12 cm
Object Name:
solar panel
Place made:
United States: Virginia, Warrenton
Used:
United States: District of Columbia, Washington
Date made:
ca 1977
Subject:
Environment
Environmental History
Government, Politics, and Reform
Energy & Power
Environmental History
ID Number:
2009.0154.01
Catalog number:
2009.0154.01
Accession number:
2009.0154
Description:
During his term in office, President Jimmy Carter fought for clean energy using renewable sources. As a symbol of his faith in “the power of the sun,” Carter had 32 solar panels installed on the White House West Wing roof in the summer of 1979. These panels were used to heat water in the household for seven years until President Ronald Reagan had them removed in 1986. The panels were stored in a government warehouse until 1991, when they were acquired by Unity College in Maine. The college installed some of the panels to heat their cafeteria water.
This solar panel is one of the original Carter White House panels and was donated to the National Museum of American History by Unity College in 2009.
Location:
Currently not on view
See more items in:
Political History: Political History, General History Collection
Environmental History
Data Source:
National Museum of American History, Kenneth E. Behring Center
Visitor Tag(s):

Earthday 40 Keychain

Referenced:
Department of Energy
Physical Description:
plastic (overall material)
green (overall color)
white (overall color)
silver (overall color)
metal (overall material)
Measurements:
overall: 4 in x 1 in; 10.16 cm x 2.54 cm
Object Name:
keychain
Date made:
2010
Subject:
Environment
Government, Politics, and Reform
Earth Day
Environmental Movement
Environmental History
Event:
Earth Day
ID Number:
2010.0106.03
Catalog number:
2010.0106.03
Accession number:
2010.0106
Description:
The first “Earth Day” was established by environmental activists in 1970 to awaken the country and its lawmakers to the need for protecting our environment and conserving our natural resources. Response to the event was overwhelming as thousands of concerned citizens participated in community activities across the nation to show their support for the movement.
On Earth Day, April 22, 2010, environmentalists around the world celebrated the 40th anniversary of what is considered the modern environmental movement. This keychain shaped like a green foot was produced by the U.S. Department of Energy for the event.
Location:
Currently not on view
See more items in:
Political History: Political History, General History Collection
Environmental History
Data Source:
National Museum of American History, Kenneth E. Behring Center
Visitor Tag(s):

"Save the Whales" Greenpeace Sticker

Referenced:
Greenpeace USA
Physical Description:
paper (overall material)
white (overall color)
royal blue (overall color)
Measurements:
overall: 3 in x 5 in; 7.62 cm x 12.7 cm
Object Name:
sticker
Date made:
ca 2006
Subject:
Government, Politics, and Reform
Earth Day
Whaling
Environmental Movement
Environmental History
ID Number:
2010.0106.06
Catalog number:
2010.0106.06
Accession number:
2010.0106
Description:
Greenpeace is an international nonprofit, nongovernmental organization that uses direct action, lobbying, and research to combat threats to the Earth’s biodiversity and environment. Global warming, commercial whaling, and nuclear power are just a few of the issues it has focused on since its beginning in 1971.
In 1973 Greenpeace selected the whales as their first ecological campaign. In 2010 this sticker was distributed by Greenpeace during an Earth Day rally on the National Mall. More than 35 years later, Greenpeace continues its efforts “to save the whales.”
Location:
Currently not on view
See more items in:
Political History: Political History, General History Collection
Environmental History
Data Source:
National Museum of American History, Kenneth E. Behring Center
Visitor Tag(s):

Earth Day Seed Packet

Referenced:
Cameron, James
Physical Description:
paper (overall material)
black (overall color)
white, blue, green (overall color)
paper (package materal)
Measurements:
overall: 4 1/2 in x 3 1/4 in; 11.43 cm x 8.255 cm
Object Name:
seed packet
seed pack
Date made:
2010
Subject:
Natural Resources
Environment
Trees
Government, Politics, and Reform
Environmental History
ID Number:
2010.0106.10
Accession number:
2010.0106
Catalog number:
2010.0106.10
Description:
The first “Earth Day” was established by environmental activists in 1970 to awaken the country and its lawmakers to the need for protecting our environment and conserving our natural resources. Response to the event was overwhelming as thousands of concerned citizens participated in community activities across the nation to show their support for the movement.
This Earthday seed packet was distributed in 2010 by movie director and environmentalist James Cameron’s “Avatar” Home Tree Initiative in a worldwide effort to plant one million trees.
Location:
Currently not on view
See more items in:
Political History: Political History, General History Collection
Environmental History
Data Source:
National Museum of American History, Kenneth E. Behring Center
Visitor Tag(s):

Department of Energy Tree Wheel Diagram

Producer:
Department of Energy
Physical Description:
green (overall color)
blue (overall color)
white (overall color)
black (overall color)
gold (overall color)
brown (overall color)
light green, red (overall color)
paper (overall material)
Measurements:
overall: 11 in; 27.94 cm
Object Name:
diagram, tree
diagram, tree wheel
Date made:
ca 2010
Subject:
Trees
Environment
Government, Politics, and Reform
Natural Resources
Environmental History
ID Number:
2010.0106.14
Accession number:
2010.0106
Catalog number:
2010.0106.14
Description:
The first “Earth Day” was established by environmental activists in 1970 to awaken the country and its lawmakers to the need for protecting our environment and conserving our natural resources. Response to the event was overwhelming as thousands of concerned citizens participated in community activities across the nation to show their support for the movement.
This revolving tree diagram was produced by the U.S. Department of Energy and distributed on the National Mall during the celebration of the 40th anniversary of Earth Day. It shows "how trees work for us." As you rotate the diagram it gives examples of how trees can affect our health and environment such as "trees reduce - heat, noise, flooding, soil erosion" and "trees supply - nuts, fruits, wood, shelter."
Location:
Currently not on view
See more items in:
Political History: Political History, General History Collection
Environmental History
Data Source:
National Museum of American History, Kenneth E. Behring Center
Visitor Tag(s):

"Woodsy Owl" Anti-Pollution Poster

Producer:
Department of Agriculture
Physical Description:
multi (overall color)
paper (overall material)
Measurements:
overall: 18 1/2 in x 13 in; 46.99 cm x 33.02 cm
Object Name:
poster
Date made:
1970s
Subject:
Environment
Environmental History
Government, Politics, and Reform
Environmental History
ID Number:
PL*303680.03
Catalog number:
303680.03
Accession number:
303680
Description:
The U.S.D.A. Forest Service introduced Woodsy Owl in 1971 as an anti-litter and anti-pollution symbol to promote wise use of the environment. The campaign, which continues today, is primarily aimed at school-age children and uses slogans such as “Give a Hoot! Don’t Pollute” and “Lend a Hand-Care for the Land.”
Location:
Currently not on view
See more items in:
Political History: Political History, General History Collection
Environmental History
Data Source:
National Museum of American History, Kenneth E. Behring Center
Visitor Tag(s):

Johnny Horizon '76 Sticker

Associated institution:
Department of Interior. Bureau of Education
Physical Description:
paper (overall material)
red, white, blue (overall color)
Measurements:
overall: 4 3/4 in x 3 1/2 in; 12.065 cm x 8.89 cm
Object Name:
sticker
Date made:
ca 1973
Subject:
Environment
Environmental History
Government, Politics, and Reform
Environmental History
ID Number:
PL*306506.03
Catalog number:
306506.03
Accession number:
306506
Description:
The Johnny Horizon Program was established by the U.S. Department of the Interior in the early 1970s to increase environmental awareness and encourage people to work together to improve and protect the environment. “Johnny Horizon” was a symbolic figure of a concerned citizen who wanted to help clean up America as it approached its 200th birthday in 1976. His slogan was “This Land is Your Land—Keep it Clean.”
This sticker was one of a variety of educational materials from the “Johnny Horizon” program distributed to schools and communities throughout the country.
Location:
Currently not on view
See more items in:
Political History: Political History, General History Collection
Environmental History
Data Source:
National Museum of American History, Kenneth E. Behring Center
Visitor Tag(s):

McGovern Campaign Ecology Coloring Book

Associated person:
McGovern, George
Physical Description:
paper (overall material)
multi-color (overall color)
Measurements:
overall: 10 3/4 in x 8 1/8 in; 27.305 cm x 20.574 cm
Object Name:
pamphlet
Date made:
1972
Associated date:
1972
Subject:
Environment
Political Campaigns
Environmental History
Government, Politics, and Reform
Environmental History
Credit Line:
DiSalle
ID Number:
PL*315264.0876
Catalog number:
315264.0876
Accession number:
315264
Description:
In order to make their views known, candidates for political office often distribute material focusing on current issues facing the country. During the 1972 Presidential campaign, this ecology coloring book was distributed as a public service by the “McGovern For President” campaign to demonstrate George McGovern’s interest and concern for the environment and for preservation of the country’s natural resources.
Location:
Currently not on view
See more items in:
Political History: Political History, Campaign Collection
Environmental History
Data Source:
National Museum of American History, Kenneth E. Behring Center
Visitor Tag(s):

Additional Online Media:

"The Dirty Dozen" Poster

Associated institution:
Congress of the United States
Physical Description:
paper (overall material)
Measurements:
overall: 25 1/8 in x 19 1/8 in; 63.881 cm x 48.641 cm
Object Name:
poster
Date made:
1974
Associated date:
1974
Subject:
Environment
Environmental Movement
Government, Politics, and Reform
Environmental History
Environmental History
ID Number:
PL*319894.01
Catalog number:
319894.01
Accession number:
319894
Description:
Throughout the 1960s and 1970s, as Americans became more aware of the need to protect the environment, political organizations and campaigns arose to combat pollution and the waste of our country’s natural resources. The League of Conservation Voters, established in 1969 to raise public awareness, began to publish an annual list of congressional legislators who consistently voted against clean energy and conservation.
This 1974 poster distributed by Environmental Action depicts 12 members of Congress, Republicans and Democrats alike, who were accused of voting on the side of commercial interests over environmental concerns. Their faces are superimposed on a picture of an early 20th-century “sports team” wearing the letter “D” (Dirty Dozen) on their sweaters.
Location:
Currently not on view
See more items in:
Political History: Political History, Campaign Collection
Environmental History
Data Source:
National Museum of American History, Kenneth E. Behring Center
Visitor Tag(s):

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