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Candleholder in the form of a silhouette of a caricatured woman

view Candleholder in the form of a silhouette of a caricatured woman digital asset number 1
Created by:
Unidentified
Medium:
metal
Dimensions:
8 7/8 x 7 3/8 x 3 5/8 in. (22.5 x 18.7 x 9.2 cm)
Type:
candleholders
Date:
1922
Description:
A metal candleholder in the form of a caricatured woman. The figure is cut out in the silhouette, with incised details. The woman is wearing a kerchief with a pattern of repeated circles around her head. She is also wearing a long-sleeved top, and skirt or apron with a pattern of circles and triangles. She holds a candle cup in her right hand. She stands on a metal base in the shape of an oval with pointed ends. The base has a design of short horizontal lines incised throughout the center and raised circles around the edges. There are two (2) strips of tan carpet adhered to the underside of the base.
Topic:
African American
Caricature and cartoons
Domestic life
Stereotypes
Credit Line:
Collection of the Smithsonian National Museum of African American History and Culture, Gift of the Collection of James M. Caselli and Jonathan Mark Scharer
Object number:
2007.7.253
Rights:
No Known Copyright Restrictions
See more items in:
National Museum of African American History and Culture Collection
Collection title:
Collection of James M. Caselli and Jonathan Mark Scharer
Classification:
Tools and Equipment-Domestic
Exhibition:
Defending Freedom, Defining Freedom: The Era of Segregation, 1876-1968
On View:
NMAAHC (1400 Constitution Ave NW), National Mall Location, Concourse 2, C 2053
Data Source:
National Museum of African American History and Culture
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:nmaahc_2007.7.253
Additional Online Media:

Sign from segregated Nashville bus number 351

view Sign from segregated Nashville bus number 351 digital asset number 1
Manufactured by:
Unidentified
Medium:
paint on paper on metal
Dimensions:
H x W x D: 7 5/16 × 19 7/16 × 3/16 in. (18.6 × 49.4 × 0.5 cm)
Type:
signs
Place used:
Nashville, Davidson County, Tennessee, United States, North and Central America
Date:
ca. 1950
Caption:
In 1960, students planned, coordinated and implemented protests against segregation in public facilities by orchestrating bus boycotts, picket lines and sit-ins. The protests forced the City of Nashville to integrate later that year, but sit-ins and demonstrations continued well into the 1960s in order to ensure compliance. Residue on the surface shows that the sign remained in place, pasted over by a different one.
Description:
A metal bus sign with a stenciled black paint in black that reads: [THIS PART OF BUS FOR / COLORED RACE].
Topic:
African American
American South
Segregation
Transportation
Credit Line:
Collection of the Smithsonian National Museum of African American History and Culture
Object number:
2008.3
Rights:
No Known Copyright Restrictions
See more items in:
National Museum of African American History and Culture Collection
Classification:
Memorabilia and Ephemera-Advertisements
Exhibition:
Defending Freedom, Defining Freedom: The Era of Segregation, 1876-1968
On View:
NMAAHC (1400 Constitution Ave NW), National Mall Location, Concourse 2, C 2053
Data Source:
National Museum of African American History and Culture
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:nmaahc_2008.3
Additional Online Media:

Knife from the Tubman household

view Knife from the Tubman household digital asset number 1
Created by:
Unidentified
Owned by:
Harriet Tubman, American, 1822 - 1913
Medium:
wood and metal
Dimensions:
H x W: 9 1/8 x 1 in. (23.2 x 2.5 cm)
Type:
knives (culinary tools)
Place used:
Auburn, Cayuga County, New York, United States, North and Central America
Date:
1870s
Description:
Wooden-handled knife from the Tubman household.
Topic:
African American
Cooking and dining
Domestic life
United States--History--1865-1921
Credit Line:
Collection of the Smithsonian National Museum of African American History and Culture, Gift of Charles L. Blockson
Object number:
2009.50.35a
Rights:
No Known Copyright Restrictions
See more items in:
National Museum of African American History and Culture Collection
Classification:
Tools and Equipment-Culinary
Exhibition:
Defending Freedom, Defining Freedom: The Era of Segregation, 1876-1968
On View:
NMAAHC (1400 Constitution Ave NW), National Mall Location, Concourse 2, C 2053
Data Source:
National Museum of African American History and Culture
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:nmaahc_2009.50.35a

Sign for the Booker T. Motel

view Sign for the Booker T. Motel digital asset number 1
Created by:
Booker T. Motel, American
Medium:
paint on metal, wood
Dimensions:
H x W: 15 1/2 x 23 3/4 in. (39.4 x 60.3 cm)
Type:
signs
Place depicted:
Humboldt, Tennessee, United States, North and Central America
Date:
ca. 1950
Description:
A red and white painted metal motel sign inside a plain wooden frame. The sign reads: [Booker T. Motel COLORED Humboldt, Tenn.]. The Booker T. Motel was a segregated motel.
Topic:
African American
American South
Recreation
Segregation
Travel
Credit Line:
Collection of the Smithsonian National Museum of African American History and Culture
Object number:
2012.46.31
Rights:
Public domain
See more items in:
National Museum of African American History and Culture Collection
Classification:
Memorabilia and Ephemera-Advertisements
Exhibition:
Defending Freedom, Defining Freedom: The Era of Segregation, 1876-1968
On View:
NMAAHC (1400 Constitution Ave NW), National Mall Location, Concourse 2, C 2053
Data Source:
National Museum of African American History and Culture
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:nmaahc_2012.46.31

Organization of Afro-American Unity Inc. Aims and Objectives

view <I>Organization of Afro-American Unity Inc. Aims and Objectives</I> digital asset number 1
Created by:
Organization of Afro-American Unity, American, founded 1964
Subject of:
Malcolm X, American, 1925 - 1965
Ella Little-Collins, 1914 - 1996
Medium:
ink on paper
Dimensions:
H x W: 8 1/2 × 11 in. (21.6 × 27.9 cm)
Type:
leaflets
Date:
1964
Description:
Organization of Afro-American Unity Inc. leaflet. A single sheet of paper appears to have been originally folded in half, forming four (4) pages. The OAAU Seal, a graphic of four (4) overlapping circles with the numbers [360] and [34] and Arabic text underneath, is featured at the top of the first page. Black text on the page reads ["FROM DARKNESS / TO LIGHT" / OAUU, Inc. Seal / ORGANIZSATION / OF AFRO-AMERICAN UNITY / INC. / AIMS & OBJECTIVES]. The leaflet features photographic portraits of Malcolm X and his sister Ella Collins, following by a list of ten (10) "Aims & Objectives" of the organization."
Topic:
African American
Africa
Politics (Practical)
United States--History--1961-1969
Credit Line:
Collection of the Smithsonian National Museum of African American History and Culture
Object number:
2013.46.20
Rights:
No Known Copyright Restrictions
See more items in:
National Museum of African American History and Culture Collection
Classification:
Memorabilia and Ephemera-Political and Activist Ephemera
Exhibition:
Defending Freedom, Defining Freedom: The Era of Segregation, 1876-1968
On View:
NMAAHC (1400 Constitution Ave NW), National Mall Location, Concourse 2, C 2053
Data Source:
National Museum of African American History and Culture
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:nmaahc_2013.46.20
Additional Online Media:

Cap worn by Pullman Porter Philip Henry Logan

view Cap worn by Pullman Porter Philip Henry Logan digital asset number 1
Created by:
Pullman Palace Car Company, American, 1867 - 1981
Worn by:
Philip Henry Logan, American, 1914 - 2007
Medium:
cloth with patent leather, metal and trimming
Dimensions:
H x W: 4 7/8 x 8 x 10 in. (12.4 x 20.3 x 25.4 cm)
Type:
caps (headgear)
Date:
1966
Description:
A black cap with metallic braid trim and a label reading PULLMAN PORTER in black. The bill is made of black patent leather and a label inside the hat reads, "For: P.H. Logan / Date: 8-29-66 / No. J-585054."
Topic:
African American
Clothing and dress
Labor
Pullman Porters
Transportation
Credit Line:
Collection of the Smithsonian National Museum of African American History and Culture; Gift of the Descendants of Garfield Logan, In Honor of Philip Henry Logan
Object number:
2011.73.1
Rights:
No Known Copyright Restrictions
See more items in:
National Museum of African American History and Culture Collection
Classification:
Clothing-Historical
Exhibition:
Defending Freedom, Defining Freedom: The Era of Segregation, 1876-1968
On View:
NMAAHC (1400 Constitution Ave NW), National Mall Location, Concourse 2, C 2053
Data Source:
National Museum of African American History and Culture
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:nmaahc_2011.73.1
Additional Online Media:

Straw hat worn during the 1966 March Against Fear

view Straw hat worn during the 1966 March Against Fear digital asset number 1
Created by:
Unidentified
Worn by:
Professor John Cumbler, American
Subject of:
James Meredith, American, born 1933
Medium:
straw, cloth
Dimensions:
H x W x D: 4 1/2 x 13 x 14 1/2 in. (11.4 x 33 x 36.8 cm)
Type:
hats
Place used:
Canton, Madison County, Mississippi, United States, North and Central America
Date:
1966
Description:
Straw hat with a cloth band around the crown. The cloth band is multi-colored with blue and green stripes and the word [FREEDOM] written around it in white letters that have the background colors showing through.
Topic:
African American
Civil Rights
Clothing and dress
Race relations
United States--History--1961-1969
Credit Line:
Collection of the Smithsonian National Museum of African American History and Culture, Gift of John T. Cumbler
Object number:
2012.111
Rights:
No Known Copyright Restrictions
See more items in:
National Museum of African American History and Culture Collection
Classification:
Clothing-Historical
Exhibition:
Defending Freedom, Defining Freedom: The Era of Segregation, 1876-1968
On View:
NMAAHC (1400 Constitution Ave NW), National Mall Location, Concourse 2, C 2053
Data Source:
National Museum of African American History and Culture
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:nmaahc_2012.111
Additional Online Media:

Political card antagonizing candidates favoring integration

view Political card antagonizing candidates favoring integration digital asset number 1
Created by:
Unidentified
Subject of:
Daisy Bates, American, 1914 - 1999
Ted Lamb, 1927 - 1984
Everett Tucker
Russell Matson
Medium:
ink on paper
Dimensions:
H x W: 2 × 3 1/2 in. (5.1 × 8.9 cm)
Type:
cards
Place depicted:
Little Rock, Pulaski County, Arkansas, United States, North and Central America
Date:
1959
Description:
White card with black printed text aligned at the center. Names are in bold. It reads [DAISY has a little LAMB / Whose face is white as snow, / Everywhere DAISY goes, / LAMB, TUCKER, and MATSON / are sure to go.]
Topic:
African American
Education
Segregation
United States--History--1953-1961
Credit Line:
Collection of the Smithsonian National Museum of African American History and Culture
Object number:
2013.46.13.2
Rights:
No Known Copyright Restrictions
See more items in:
National Museum of African American History and Culture Collection
Classification:
Memorabilia and Ephemera-Political and Activist Ephemera
Exhibition:
Defending Freedom, Defining Freedom: The Era of Segregation, 1876-1968
On View:
NMAAHC (1400 Constitution Ave NW), National Mall Location, Concourse 2, C 2053
Data Source:
National Museum of African American History and Culture
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:nmaahc_2013.46.13.2
Additional Online Media:

Building brick from Spelman College's Upton Hall

view Building brick from Spelman College's Upton Hall digital asset number 1
Created by:
Unidentified
Used by:
Spelman College, American, founded 1881
Medium:
building brick
Dimensions:
2 1/2 x 8 1/2 x 4 in. (6.4 x 21.6 x 10.2 cm)
Type:
blocks (shaped masses)
Place used:
Atlanta, Fulton County, Georgia, United States, North and Central America
Date:
ca. 1905
Description:
A clay brick that was once part of the structure of Spelman College's Upton Hall. The brick is a standard solid style brick, with slight irregularity because of a loss at one of the corners. The brick is a deep red color, and all sides of the brick are worn. There is no mortar residue except for a very small area on one of the brick's short sides.
Topic:
African American
Architecture
Education
Segregation
Women
Credit Line:
Collection of the Smithsonian National Museum of African American History and Culture, Gift of Spelman College
Object number:
2012.118
Rights:
No Known Copyright Restrictions
See more items in:
National Museum of African American History and Culture Collection
Classification:
Buildings and Structures
Exhibition:
Defending Freedom, Defining Freedom: The Era of Segregation, 1876-1968
On View:
NMAAHC (1400 Constitution Ave NW), National Mall Location, Concourse 2, C 2053
Data Source:
National Museum of African American History and Culture
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:nmaahc_2012.118
Additional Online Media:

Building brick from Bethune-Cookman University's White Hall

view Building brick from Bethune-Cookman University's White Hall digital asset number 1
Created by:
Unidentified
Used by:
Bethune-Cookman University, American, founded 1904
Medium:
building brick and mortar
Dimensions:
3 x 8 x 4 in. (7.6 x 20.3 x 10.2 cm)
Type:
blocks (shaped masses)
Place used:
Daytona Beach, Volusia County, Florida, United States, North and Central America
Date:
ca. 1916
Description:
A clay brick that was once part of the structure of Bethune-Cookman University's White Hall. The brick is a standard solid style brick, with some irregularity in shape because of a chunk of mortar affixed to the top side. The brick is a faintly reddish color, with a gray tinge from mortar residue. All sides of the brick are weathered and worn. The bottom has the least amount of mortar residue.
Topic:
African American
Architecture
Education
Segregation
Credit Line:
Collection of the Smithsonian National Museum of African American History and Culture, Gift of Bethune-Cookman University
Object number:
2012.97
Rights:
No Known Copyright Restrictions
See more items in:
National Museum of African American History and Culture Collection
Classification:
Buildings and Structures
Exhibition:
Defending Freedom, Defining Freedom: The Era of Segregation, 1876-1968
On View:
NMAAHC (1400 Constitution Ave NW), National Mall Location, Concourse 2, C 2053
Data Source:
National Museum of African American History and Culture
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:nmaahc_2012.97
Additional Online Media:

The New Negro: An Interpretation

view <I>The New Negro: An Interpretation</I> digital asset number 1
Edited by:
Alain LeRoy Locke, American, 1885 - 1954
Illustrated by:
F. Winold Reiss, German American, 1886 - 1953
Published by:
Albert and Charles Boni, Inc., American, 1914 - 1974
Medium:
cloth on cardboard , paper with ink
Dimensions:
H x W x D: 8 7/8 x 6 1/4 x 1 5/8 in. (22.5 x 15.9 x 4.1 cm)
Type:
hardcover books
Date:
1925
Description:
A dark green hard covered book with cloth covered spine. The front cover has a central white square with block text and three (3) triangles on either side of the first two (2) rows. The text inside the block, in black type, reads: [THE / NEW / NEGRO]. The spine has dark green triangles along the top and bottom. The title and editor are listed on the top half of the spine in black type: [THE / NEW / NEGRO / EDITED / BY / ALAIN / LOCKE]. The publisher is listed on the bottom spine in black type: [ALBERT / AND / CHARLES / BONI]. The inside covers are covered in pink paper, and are stylized with geometric shapes, figures, birds, animals, and foliage. The inside front cover has an inscription at the top of the right side writing by hand in ink: [Sam (or George) / From David. / Your need is greater than mine!]. The title page features the title, author, artist, publisher, and publication date in black type: [THE NEW NEGRO / AN INTERPRETATION / EDITED BY ALAIN LOCKE / BOOK / DECORATION / AND / PORTRAITS / BY / WINOLD / REISS / ALBERT AND CHARLES BONI / NEW YORK 1925]. Geometric triangles adorn the page at the top and bottom as well as in the center of the title. The frontispiece to the left of the title page features a color image of a woman and child. The woman wears a blue shirt and holds a baby in her proper left arm. The child wears a pink outfit and lies across the woman’s lap. The caption underneath the image in black type reads: [The Brown Madonna]. The interior pages, 452 in total, are white paper with black type and black-and-white and color illustrations throughout. The inside back cover has a stamp in black ink on the lower right that reads: [SMITHSONIAN / CURATORIAL]. The back cover features a small, central white rectangle with a stylized, geometric design.
Topic:
African American
Art
Education
Literature
Poetry
Credit Line:
Collection of the Smithsonian National Museum of African American History and Culture
Object number:
2013.21
Rights:
Cover: No Known Copyright Restrictions Content: ©1925 by Albert & Charles Boni, Inc. Permission required for use.
See more items in:
National Museum of African American History and Culture Collection
Classification:
Documents and Published Materials-Published Works
Memorabilia and Ephemera
Exhibition:
Defending Freedom, Defining Freedom: The Era of Segregation, 1876-1968
On View:
NMAAHC (1400 Constitution Ave NW), National Mall Location, Concourse 2, C 2053
Data Source:
National Museum of African American History and Culture
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:nmaahc_2013.21
Additional Online Media:

Oil lamp from the Jones-Hall-Sims House

view Oil lamp from the Jones-Hall-Sims House digital asset number 1
Created by:
Unidentified
Medium:
glass, metal and cloth wick
Dimensions:
H x W: 11 1/2 × 6 × 6 in. (29.2 × 15.2 × 15.2 cm)
Type:
oil lamps
Place used:
Poolesville, Montgomery County, Maryland, United States, North and Central America
Date:
1860-1900
Description:
A clear glass oil lamp base from the Jones-Hall-Sims House. The body, or font, of the lamp is a lozenge shape, smooth with one (1) horizontal ridge line around the top. The font connects to a thick lamp stem with a vertical rib pattern that widens into a pedestal base. The wick runs up through a metal oil lamp burner that is attached to the lamp at an opening at the top of the font. The Queen Anne style metal oil lamp burner has a wick raiser, a small peg on one side to turn to raise the wick as it is burned, and three (3) remaining feet out of the original four (4) feet that could be used to hold a lamp chimney in place. The remaining length of the wick descends into the lamp font.
Topic:
African American
Communities
Domestic life
Emancipation
Reconstruction (United States History, 1865-1877)
Credit Line:
Collection of the Smithsonian National Museum of African American History and Culture, Donated by Bradley and Shannon Rhoderick
Object number:
2009.25.5
Rights:
No Known Copyright Restrictions
See more items in:
National Museum of African American History and Culture Collection
Classification:
Slavery and Freedom Objects
Furnishings, Housewares, and Décor
Exhibition:
Defending Freedom, Defining Freedom: The Era of Segregation, 1876-1968
On View:
NMAAHC (1400 Constitution Ave NW), National Mall Location, Concourse 2, C 2053
Data Source:
National Museum of African American History and Culture
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:nmaahc_2009.25.5
Additional Online Media:

Walking toy in the form of a caricatured porter

view Walking toy in the form of a caricatured porter digital asset number 1
Created by:
Unidentified
Medium:
paint on wood
Dimensions:
13 7/8 x 5 1/4 x 5 1/2 in. (35.2 x 13.3 x 14 cm)
Type:
walking dolls
Date:
ca. 1935
Description:
A painted, wooden walking toy in the form of a caricatured porter. The figure has a black cartoonish face with white eyes, a large, red mouth and white teeth. The top of his head is also black, with two orange stripes on the proper left. He is painted wearing a red jacket, white shirt and a black tie. His legs are cylindrical and painted orange. The figure's proper right foot is missing. The proper left foot has a flat top and curved bottom with the front of the foot painted orange, and the back painted black. The back of his head is painted orange at the top with a red body and orange legs. There is a broken orange wooden post coming out of the porter's lower back.
Topic:
African American
Caricature and cartoons
Stereotypes
Credit Line:
Collection of the Smithsonian National Museum of African American History and Culture, Gift of the Collection of James M. Caselli and Jonathan Mark Scharer
Object number:
2007.7.207
Rights:
No Known Copyright Restrictions
See more items in:
National Museum of African American History and Culture Collection
Collection title:
Collection of James M. Caselli and Jonathan Mark Scharer
Classification:
Toys and Games
Exhibition:
Defending Freedom, Defining Freedom: The Era of Segregation, 1876-1968
On View:
NMAAHC (1400 Constitution Ave NW), National Mall Location, Concourse 2, C 2053
Data Source:
National Museum of African American History and Culture
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:nmaahc_2007.7.207
Additional Online Media:

Jet Vol. VIII No. 21

view <I>Jet Vol. VIII No. 21</I> digital asset number 1
Published by:
Johnson Publishing Company, American, founded 1942
Subject of:
Emmett Till, American, 1941 - 1955
Nancy Holloway, American, born 1932
Father Divine, American, ca. 1876 - 1965
Medium:
ink on paper
Dimensions:
H x W x D (Closed): 5 15/16 × 4 3/16 × 1/8 in. (15.1 × 10.6 × 0.3 cm)
H x W x D (Open): 5 15/16 × 8 3/8 × 1/8 in. (15.1 × 21.3 × 0.3 cm)
Type:
magazines (periodicals)
Place printed:
Chicago, Illinois, United States, North and Central America
Date:
September 29, 1955
Description:
An issue of Jet magazine from September 29, 1955. The cover features a photo of Nancy Holloway surrounded by orange and black print. The interior contains an article about the Emmett Till investigation on pages 8-10. The article is titled "Where is the Third Man in Till Lynching?"
Topic:
African American
Entertainers
Hate crimes
Mass media
Singers (Musicians)
Credit Line:
Collection of the Smithsonian National Museum of African American History and Culture, Gift of Elmer J. Whiting, III
Object number:
2011.17.7
Rights:
© 1955 Johnson Publishing Company. Permission required for use.
See more items in:
National Museum of African American History and Culture Collection
Classification:
Documents and Published Materials-Published Works
Exhibition:
Defending Freedom, Defining Freedom: The Era of Segregation, 1876-1968
On View:
NMAAHC (1400 Constitution Ave NW), National Mall Location, Concourse 2, C 2053
Data Source:
National Museum of African American History and Culture
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:nmaahc_2011.17.7
Additional Online Media:

Bust in the form of a caricatured man wearing a watermelon bow tie

view Bust in the form of a caricatured man wearing a watermelon bow tie digital asset number 1
Created by:
Unidentified
Medium:
wood and paint
Dimensions:
10 1/8 x 6 15/16 x 7 1/16 in. (25.7 x 17.6 x 17.9 cm)
Type:
busts
Date:
20th century
Description:
A carved and painted wooden bust in the form of a caricatured man. The man is depicted from the neck up wearing a green bow tie with a yellow center knot and raised watermelon reliefs on each tie loop. His face, neck, and hair are painted black. His hair is textured, with numerous small cuts. His eyes are painted white with black centers. He has a large nose, large ears and wide red lips. He is wearing a green bow tie with a yellow knot. The bust is mounted on a brown, square wooden base.
Topic:
African American
Caricature and cartoons
Stereotypes
Credit Line:
Collection of the Smithsonian National Museum of African American History and Culture, Gift of the Collection of James M. Caselli and Jonathan Mark Scharer
Object number:
2007.7.306
Rights:
No Known Copyright Restrictions
See more items in:
National Museum of African American History and Culture Collection
Collection title:
Collection of James M. Caselli and Jonathan Mark Scharer
Classification:
Furnishings, Housewares, and Décor
Exhibition:
Defending Freedom, Defining Freedom: The Era of Segregation, 1876-1968
On View:
NMAAHC (1400 Constitution Ave NW), National Mall Location, Concourse 2, C 2053
Data Source:
National Museum of African American History and Culture
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:nmaahc_2007.7.306
Additional Online Media:

Uniform cap owned by Pullman Porter Robert Thomas

view Uniform cap owned by Pullman Porter Robert Thomas digital asset number 1
Manufactured by:
Unidentified
Owned by:
Robert Jackson Thomas, American, 1889 - 1929
Subject of:
Pullman Palace Car Company, American, 1867 - 1981
Medium:
cloth, leather, metal, paper
Dimensions:
H x W: 3 x 8 1/4 x 9 in. (7.6 x 21 x 22.9 cm)
Type:
livery (uniforms)
Place used:
United States, North and Central America
Date:
ca. 1920
Description:
A Pullman Porter uniform cap owned by Robert Jackson Thomas. The cap has a stiff, black crown and a black plastic visor. Metal buttons are on both sides of the cap where the visor meets the crown. The buttons are silver colored with the word “PULLMAN” on it. An off white corded strap connects both buttons and rests on the visor. A tarnished silver colored plate at the front of the cap has black lettering that reads “PULLMAN / PORTER.” Four black metal grommets are found in the top of the hat. The interior liner is a strip of brown leather sutured together at the seam.
Topic:
African American
Clothing and dress
Labor
Transportation
Credit Line:
Collection of the Smithsonian National Museum of African American History and Culture, Gift of Descendants of Robert and Georgia Thomas, Pulaski, Tenn
Object number:
2012.75.1.1
Rights:
No Known Copyright Restrictions
See more items in:
National Museum of African American History and Culture Collection
Classification:
Clothing-Historical
Exhibition:
Defending Freedom, Defining Freedom: The Era of Segregation, 1876-1968
On View:
NMAAHC (1400 Constitution Ave NW), National Mall Location, Concourse 2, C 2053
Data Source:
National Museum of African American History and Culture
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:nmaahc_2012.75.1.1
Additional Online Media:

Southern Railway No. 1200

Title: Railroad passenger car from the "Jim Crow" era
view <I>Southern Railway No. 1200</I> digital asset number 1
Created by:
Pullman Palace Car Company, American, 1867 - 1981
Used by:
Southern Railway Company, American, 1894 - 1990
Medium:
steel and glass
Dimensions:
H x W: 170 x 120 in., 153900 lb., 936 in. (431.8 x 304.8 cm, 69808.6 kg, 2377.4 cm)
Type:
passenger cars
Date:
1922
Description:
A Southern Railway No. 1200 heavyweight passenger coach with segregated compartments. The sides of the car are green with yellow or gold lettering, with [1200] appearing on both ends of both sides of the car, and [SOUTHERN] printed on both sides of the car above the windows. The roof of the car is black, as are the underframe, air brakes, and pipes.
Topic:
African American
Segregation
Transportation
Travel
United States--History--1919-1933
Credit Line:
Collection of the Smithsonian National Museum of African American History and Culture, Gift of Pete Claussen and Gulf and Ohio Railways
Object number:
2009.28
Rights:
No Known Copyright Restrictions
See more items in:
National Museum of African American History and Culture Collection
Classification:
Transportation Vehicles
Exhibition:
Defending Freedom, Defining Freedom: The Era of Segregation, 1876-1968
On View:
NMAAHC (1400 Constitution Ave NW), National Mall Location, Concourse 2, C 2053
Data Source:
National Museum of African American History and Culture
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:nmaahc_2009.28

Straw sombrero hat associated with Civil Rights campaign, Camden, Alabama

view Straw sombrero hat associated with Civil Rights campaign, Camden, Alabama digital asset number 1
Created by:
Unidentified
Worn by:
Lena Jo Anderson, American
Medium:
ink on straw
Dimensions:
H x W x D: 7 1/4 x 20 x 20 in. (18.4 x 50.8 x 50.8 cm)
Type:
sombreros
Place used:
Camden, Wilcox County, Alabama, United States, North and Central America
Date:
1971-1972
Description:
A woven straw sombrero hat with a rounded crown and wide brim with rolled edges. The ends of some straw pieces are loose on the brim. The hat has writing in brown marker on the crown and underside of the brim. The words [Peace] and [Love] are written around the base of the crown. A floral design and additional text is found on the top of the crown. The underside of the brim is filled with additional writing. It includes names: [Carl], [Sophia], [Lena], and [Estella]. It also includes word and phrases: [Soul], [Sister], [Brother], and [Can you dig it]. The hat was worn by Lena Jo Anderson during the Civil Rights campaign in Camden, Alabama.
Topic:
African American
Civil Rights
Clothing and dress
Segregation
United States--History--1969-2001
Credit Line:
Collection of the Smithsonian National Museum of African American History and Culture, Gift of Rosetta M. Anderson
Object number:
2013.94
Rights:
No Known Copyright Restrictions
See more items in:
National Museum of African American History and Culture Collection
Classification:
Clothing-Historical
Exhibition:
Defending Freedom, Defining Freedom: The Era of Segregation, 1876-1968
On View:
NMAAHC (1400 Constitution Ave NW), National Mall Location, Concourse 2, C 2053
Data Source:
National Museum of African American History and Culture
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:nmaahc_2013.94

Wedding scrapbook compiled by Lollaretta Pemberton

view Wedding scrapbook compiled by Lollaretta Pemberton digital asset number 1
Manufactured by:
C.R. Gibson and Company, American, founded 1870
Subject of:
Lollaretta Pemberton Allen, American, 1895 - 1979
Grover Joseph Allen, American, 1889 - 1984
Medium:
leather, ink on paper, newsprint and pressure-sensitive tape
Dimensions:
Closed: 10 3/4 × 8 1/8 × 3/8 in. (27.3 × 20.6 × 1 cm)
Type:
scrapbooks
Place depicted:
Chicago, Cook County, Illinois, United States
Marshall, Harrison County, Texas, United States, North and Central America
Date:
1939
Description:
This is a "Wedding Memories" scrapbook made by Lollaretta Pemberton for her wedding to Grover Allen on July 10, 1939. The scrapbook has a white leather cover with stylized gold-leaf leaves and the words "Wedding Memories" embossed across the front. Inside Lollaretta included her wedding invitation, a newspaper clipping of her dream wedding dress, and lists of guests and their gifts.
Topic:
African American
American West
Communities
Families
United States--Social life and customs
Credit Line:
Collection of the Smithsonian National Museum of African American History and Culture, Gift of Rita C. Organ and Pemberton Family
Object number:
2012.30.5
Rights:
Unknown - Restrictions Possible
See more items in:
National Museum of African American History and Culture Collection
Classification:
Memorabilia and Ephemera
Exhibition:
Defending Freedom, Defining Freedom: The Era of Segregation, 1876-1968
On View:
NMAAHC (1400 Constitution Ave NW), National Mall Location, Concourse 2, C 2053
Data Source:
National Museum of African American History and Culture
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:nmaahc_2012.30.5

Mimeograph sheet with segregationist language

view Mimeograph sheet with segregationist language digital asset number 1
Created by:
Unidentified
Subject of:
Daisy Bates, American, 1914 - 1999
Medium:
ink on paper
Dimensions:
H x W: 2 15/16 × 5 in. (7.5 × 12.7 cm)
Type:
mimeograph copies
Place depicted:
Little Rock, Pulaski County, Arkansas, United States, North and Central America
Date:
1957-1959
Description:
Small mimeographed flyer. Black ink on soiled white paper. It features a drawing of Little Rock Central High School and the text [CENTRAL HIGH REFORMATORY / BROTHERHOOD BY SUSPENSION! / SCHOOL OF ONE BLOSSOM, AND IT’S A / DAISY] Discolored throughout. Edge wear throughout, with tears and loss. Two small holes at bottom right.
Topic:
African American
Education
Segregation
United States--History--1953-1961
Credit Line:
Collection of the Smithsonian National Museum of African American History and Culture
Object number:
2013.46.13.3
Rights:
No Known Copyright Restrictions
See more items in:
National Museum of African American History and Culture Collection
Classification:
Memorabilia and Ephemera-Political and Activist Ephemera
Exhibition:
Defending Freedom, Defining Freedom: The Era of Segregation, 1876-1968
On View:
NMAAHC (1400 Constitution Ave NW), National Mall Location, Concourse 2, C 2053
Data Source:
National Museum of African American History and Culture
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:nmaahc_2013.46.13.3
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