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Joseph D. Mountain Collection

Creator:
Mountain, Joseph D., 1902-1970  Search this
Names:
Arabian American Oil Company  Search this
Mountain, Joseph D., 1902-1970  Search this
Extent:
1.57 Cubic Feet (6 boxes)
Type:
Archival materials
Collection descriptions
Diaries
Correspondence
Maps
Photographs
Publications
Place:
Saudi Arabia
Date:
1916 - 1970
Summary:
This collection follows Mountain's aviation career.
Scope and Contents:
This collection follows Joseph Mountain's aviation career and includes photographic negatives and prints, diaries and flight log books, reports, and maps. Mountain's photographs from his service in Saudi Arabia are of particular interest --taken not long before the great oil discoveries at Dammam in 1938, they capture the desert kingdom at the very edge of the tremendous changes that the oil economy brought to the Gulf. The images are a fascinating record of traditional Saudi Arabian life, crafts and architecture. Highlights include portraits of dancers at Eid al-Fitr celebrations, market scenes in Hufuf and the Old Town of Al Jubail, camel caravans, Saudi hunters with their hawks, and pearl fishermen and their dhows. Mountain also extensively photographed members of the CASOC team at work and interacting with their Saudi workers and acquaintances.

Joseph Mountain's negatives are stored in the Archive Division's cold vault and are not available to researchers. Scans of the negatives may be viewed in the Archives Division reading room, or through the Smithsonian Institution Research Information System (SIRIS) web site at http://bit.ly/dL2zDs.
Arrangement:
No series - arranged by materials: Documents, oversize and images
Biographical/Historical note:
Joseph Dunlap Mountain was born on October 24, 1902 in Cherryvale, Kansas. He joined the U.S. Army Air Service in 1919; he was awarded his wings and commissioned a second lieutenant in 1921. Mountain continued to fly after leaving the Air Service and also took up photography.

In 1928, Mountain was employed by the Continental Air Map Company in the aerial mapping of the state of California. In 1934-1935, he served as a pilot, aerial photographer, darkroom technician and mechanic for the California-Arabian Standard Oil Company (CASOC; in 1944 renamed the Arabian American Oil Company --Aramco, now Saudi Aramco) expedition to Saudi Arabia; Mountain logged over 221 hours of reconnaissance and mapping flights for CASOC. In 1936-1937, Mountain contracted with the Saudi Arabia Mining Syndicate to make an aerial survey of the Hejaz region of Saudi Arabia.

From 1937-1947, Mountain was a pilot for Trans World Airlines. During World War II, Mountain returned to active duty with the U.S. Army Air Forces as a training officer in the Air Transport Command. He was awarded the Bronze Star while serving in the China-Burma-India Theater and supervising supply missions over "The Hump" --the dangerous air route over the Himalaya Range. In 1945 he was promoted to full Colonel and appointed executive officer of the Committee for Air Navigation and Traffic Control.

In 1947, Mountain entered the computer industry with International Telephone and Telegraph. Later, he founded Mountain Systems, a digital computer manufacturing company, and Mountain Datasystem, a data processing firm. During the Korean War, he served as an Air Force liaison officer with the Bell Telephone Laboratories. After the war, he returned to civilian life and continued to work in the computer industry. Joseph Mountain died on November 25, 1970 at the age of 68.
Provenance:
Isabel Mountain, gift, 1991, 1991-0079, NASM
Restrictions:
No restrictions on access
Rights:
Material is subject to Smithsonian Terms of Use. Should you wish to use NASM material in any medium, please submit an Application for Permission to Reproduce NASM Material, available at http://airandspace.si.edu/permissions
Topic:
Aeronautics, Commercial -- United States  Search this
Aeronautics, Military  Search this
Cartography  Search this
Aeronautics  Search this
Aerial photography  Search this
Genre/Form:
Diaries
Correspondence
Maps
Photographs
Publications
Citation:
Joseph D. Mountain Collection, Acc. 1991-0079, National Air and Space Museum, Smithsonian Institution.
Identifier:
NASM.1991.0079
See more items in:
Joseph D. Mountain Collection
Archival Repository:
National Air and Space Museum Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-nasm-1991-0079
Additional Online Media:

California-Arabian Standard Oil Co. Saudi Arabia Expedition; Tombs. [photograph]

Photographer:
Mountain, Joseph D 1902-1970  Search this
Type:
Photographs
Place:
Saudi Arabia
Date:
2/25/1935
Topic:
Mounds  Search this
Local number:
NASM-92-16078
Restrictions & Rights:
Material is subject to Smithsonian Terms of Use. Should you wish to use Smithsonian National Air and Space Museum (NASM) material in any medium, please submit an Application for Permission to Reproduce NASM Material, available at http://airandspace.si.edu/permissions
See more items in:
Joseph D. Mountain Collection
Data Source:
National Air and Space Museum Archives
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_arc_363933

California-Arabian Standard Oil Co. Saudi Arabia Expedition; Fairchild 71; Saudi Arabians. [photograph]

Photographer:
Mountain, Joseph D 1902-1970  Search this
Type:
Photographs
Place:
Saudi Arabia
Date:
Nov-34
Topic:
Aeronautics  Search this
Airplanes  Search this
Local number:
NASM-92-15930
Restrictions & Rights:
Material is subject to Smithsonian Terms of Use. Should you wish to use Smithsonian National Air and Space Museum (NASM) material in any medium, please submit an Application for Permission to Reproduce NASM Material, available at http://airandspace.si.edu/permissions
See more items in:
Joseph D. Mountain Collection
Data Source:
National Air and Space Museum Archives
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_arc_364183

California-Arabian Standard Oil Co. Saudi Arabia Expedition; Fairchild 71; Propulsion, Engines, Pratt & Whitney, Wasp, General; Mountain, Joseph D.. [photograph]

Photographer:
Mountain, Joseph D 1902-1970  Search this
Subject:
Mountain, Joseph D 1902-1970  Search this
Type:
Photographs
Place:
Saudi Arabia
Date:
Nov-34
Topic:
Airplanes--Motors  Search this
Aeronautics  Search this
Local number:
NASM-92-15931
Restrictions & Rights:
Material is subject to Smithsonian Terms of Use. Should you wish to use Smithsonian National Air and Space Museum (NASM) material in any medium, please submit an Application for Permission to Reproduce NASM Material, available at http://airandspace.si.edu/permissions
See more items in:
Joseph D. Mountain Collection
Data Source:
National Air and Space Museum Archives
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_arc_364184

California-Arabian Standard Oil Co. Saudi Arabia Expedition; Fairchild 71. [photograph]

Photographer:
Mountain, Joseph D 1902-1970  Search this
Type:
Photographs
Place:
Saudi Arabia
Date:
Nov-34
Topic:
Aeronautics  Search this
Airplanes  Search this
Local number:
NASM-92-15932
Restrictions & Rights:
Material is subject to Smithsonian Terms of Use. Should you wish to use Smithsonian National Air and Space Museum (NASM) material in any medium, please submit an Application for Permission to Reproduce NASM Material, available at http://airandspace.si.edu/permissions
See more items in:
Joseph D. Mountain Collection
Data Source:
National Air and Space Museum Archives
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_arc_364185

California-Arabian Standard Oil Co. Saudi Arabia Expedition; Fairchild 71: Mountain, Joseph D.. [photograph]

Photographer:
Mountain, Joseph D 1902-1970  Search this
Subject:
Mountain, Joseph D 1902-1970  Search this
Type:
Photographs
Place:
Saudi Arabia
Date:
Nov-34
Topic:
Aeronautics  Search this
Airplanes  Search this
Local number:
NASM-92-15933
Restrictions & Rights:
Material is subject to Smithsonian Terms of Use. Should you wish to use Smithsonian National Air and Space Museum (NASM) material in any medium, please submit an Application for Permission to Reproduce NASM Material, available at http://airandspace.si.edu/permissions
See more items in:
Joseph D. Mountain Collection
Data Source:
National Air and Space Museum Archives
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_arc_364186

California-Arabian Standard Oil Co. Saudi Arabia Expedition; Saudi Arabians. [photograph]

Photographer:
Mountain, Joseph D 1902-1970  Search this
Type:
Photographs
Place:
Saudi Arabia
Date:
Dec-34
Local number:
NASM-92-15934
Restrictions & Rights:
Material is subject to Smithsonian Terms of Use. Should you wish to use Smithsonian National Air and Space Museum (NASM) material in any medium, please submit an Application for Permission to Reproduce NASM Material, available at http://airandspace.si.edu/permissions
See more items in:
Joseph D. Mountain Collection
Data Source:
National Air and Space Museum Archives
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_arc_364187

California-Arabian Standard Oil Co. Saudi Arabia Expedition; Saudi Arabians. [photograph]

Photographer:
Mountain, Joseph D 1902-1970  Search this
Type:
Photographs
Place:
Saudi Arabia
Date:
Dec-34
Local number:
NASM-92-15935
Restrictions & Rights:
Material is subject to Smithsonian Terms of Use. Should you wish to use Smithsonian National Air and Space Museum (NASM) material in any medium, please submit an Application for Permission to Reproduce NASM Material, available at http://airandspace.si.edu/permissions
See more items in:
Joseph D. Mountain Collection
Data Source:
National Air and Space Museum Archives
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_arc_364188

California-Arabian Standard Oil Co. Saudi Arabia Expedition. [photograph]

Photographer:
Mountain, Joseph D 1902-1970  Search this
Subject:
Kerr, Richard  Search this
Type:
Photographs
Place:
Saudi Arabia
Date:
Dec-34
Local number:
NASM-92-15936
Restrictions & Rights:
Material is subject to Smithsonian Terms of Use. Should you wish to use Smithsonian National Air and Space Museum (NASM) material in any medium, please submit an Application for Permission to Reproduce NASM Material, available at http://airandspace.si.edu/permissions
See more items in:
Joseph D. Mountain Collection
Data Source:
National Air and Space Museum Archives
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_arc_364189

California-Arabian Standard Oil Co. Saudi Arabia Expedition; Saudi Arabians. [photograph]

Photographer:
Mountain, Joseph D 1902-1970  Search this
Subject:
Kerr, Richard  Search this
Type:
Photographs
Place:
Saudi Arabia
Date:
Dec-34
Local number:
NASM-92-15937
Restrictions & Rights:
Material is subject to Smithsonian Terms of Use. Should you wish to use Smithsonian National Air and Space Museum (NASM) material in any medium, please submit an Application for Permission to Reproduce NASM Material, available at http://airandspace.si.edu/permissions
See more items in:
Joseph D. Mountain Collection
Data Source:
National Air and Space Museum Archives
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_arc_364190

California-Arabian Standard Oil Co. Saudi Arabia Expedition. [photograph]

Photographer:
Mountain, Joseph D 1902-1970  Search this
Subject:
Miller, Robert P  Search this
Type:
Photographs
Place:
Saudi Arabia
Date:
Dec-34
Local number:
NASM-92-15938
Restrictions & Rights:
Material is subject to Smithsonian Terms of Use. Should you wish to use Smithsonian National Air and Space Museum (NASM) material in any medium, please submit an Application for Permission to Reproduce NASM Material, available at http://airandspace.si.edu/permissions
See more items in:
Joseph D. Mountain Collection
Data Source:
National Air and Space Museum Archives
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_arc_364191

California-Arabian Standard Oil Co. Saudi Arabia Expedition. [photograph]

Photographer:
Mountain, Joseph D 1902-1970  Search this
Subject:
Miller, Robert P  Search this
Type:
Photographs
Place:
Saudi Arabia
Date:
12/19/1934
Local number:
NASM-92-15939
Restrictions & Rights:
Material is subject to Smithsonian Terms of Use. Should you wish to use Smithsonian National Air and Space Museum (NASM) material in any medium, please submit an Application for Permission to Reproduce NASM Material, available at http://airandspace.si.edu/permissions
See more items in:
Joseph D. Mountain Collection
Data Source:
National Air and Space Museum Archives
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_arc_364192

California-Arabian Standard Oil Co. Saudi Arabia Expedition; Camels. [photograph]

Photographer:
Mountain, Joseph D 1902-1970  Search this
Type:
Photographs
Place:
Saudi Arabia
Date:
Circa 1935
Local number:
NASM-92-16075
Restrictions & Rights:
Material is subject to Smithsonian Terms of Use. Should you wish to use Smithsonian National Air and Space Museum (NASM) material in any medium, please submit an Application for Permission to Reproduce NASM Material, available at http://airandspace.si.edu/permissions
See more items in:
Joseph D. Mountain Collection
Data Source:
National Air and Space Museum Archives
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_arc_364193

California-Arabian Standard Oil Co. Saudi Arabia Expedition; Cameras; Brown, Arthur; Kerr, Richard. [photograph]

Photographer:
Mountain, Joseph D 1902-1970  Search this
Subject:
Brown, Arthur  Search this
Kerr, Richard  Search this
Type:
Photographs
Place:
Saudi Arabia
Date:
2/25/1935
Topic:
Aerial photography  Search this
Local number:
NASM-92-16076
Restrictions & Rights:
Material is subject to Smithsonian Terms of Use. Should you wish to use Smithsonian National Air and Space Museum (NASM) material in any medium, please submit an Application for Permission to Reproduce NASM Material, available at http://airandspace.si.edu/permissions
See more items in:
Joseph D. Mountain Collection
Data Source:
National Air and Space Museum Archives
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_arc_364194

California-Arabian Standard Oil Co. Saudi Arabia Expedition; Cameras; Kerr, Richard; Mountain, Joseph D.. [photograph]

Photographer:
Mountain, Joseph D 1902-1970  Search this
Subject:
Kerr, Richard  Search this
Mountain, Joseph D 1902-1970  Search this
Type:
Photographs
Place:
Saudi Arabia
Date:
2/25/1935
Topic:
Aerial photography  Search this
Local number:
NASM-92-16077
Restrictions & Rights:
Material is subject to Smithsonian Terms of Use. Should you wish to use Smithsonian National Air and Space Museum (NASM) material in any medium, please submit an Application for Permission to Reproduce NASM Material, available at http://airandspace.si.edu/permissions
See more items in:
Joseph D. Mountain Collection
Data Source:
National Air and Space Museum Archives
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_arc_364195

California-Arabian Standard Oil Co. Saudi Arabia Expedition; Tombs; Brown, Arthur; Kerr, Richard. [photograph]

Photographer:
Mountain, Joseph D 1902-1970  Search this
Subject:
Brown  Search this
Arthur  Search this
Kerr, Richard  Search this
Type:
Photographs
Place:
Saudi Arabia
Date:
2/25/1935
Topic:
Mounds  Search this
Local number:
NASM-92-16079
Restrictions & Rights:
Material is subject to Smithsonian Terms of Use. Should you wish to use Smithsonian National Air and Space Museum (NASM) material in any medium, please submit an Application for Permission to Reproduce NASM Material, available at http://airandspace.si.edu/permissions
See more items in:
Joseph D. Mountain Collection
Data Source:
National Air and Space Museum Archives
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_arc_364196

California-Arabian Standard Oil Co. Saudi Arabia Expedition; Fairchild 71; Camels. [photograph]

Photographer:
Mountain, Joseph D 1902-1970  Search this
Type:
Photographs
Place:
Saudi Arabia
Date:
Circa 2/25/1935
Local number:
NASM-92-16080
Restrictions & Rights:
Material is subject to Smithsonian Terms of Use. Should you wish to use Smithsonian National Air and Space Museum (NASM) material in any medium, please submit an Application for Permission to Reproduce NASM Material, available at http://airandspace.si.edu/permissions
See more items in:
Joseph D. Mountain Collection
Data Source:
National Air and Space Museum Archives
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_arc_364197

California-Arabian Standard Oil Co. Saudi Arabia Expedition; Saudi Arabians; Camels. [photograph]

Photographer:
Mountain, Joseph D 1902-1970  Search this
Type:
Photographs
Place:
Saudi Arabia
Date:
2/25/1935
Local number:
NASM-92-16081
Restrictions & Rights:
Material is subject to Smithsonian Terms of Use. Should you wish to use Smithsonian National Air and Space Museum (NASM) material in any medium, please submit an Application for Permission to Reproduce NASM Material, available at http://airandspace.si.edu/permissions
See more items in:
Joseph D. Mountain Collection
Data Source:
National Air and Space Museum Archives
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_arc_364198

California-Arabian Standard Oil Co. Saudi Arabia Expedition; Saudi Arabians; Bedouins; Camels. [photograph]

Photographer:
Mountain, Joseph D 1902-1970  Search this
Type:
Photographs
Place:
Saudi Arabia
Date:
Circa 2/25/1935
Local number:
NASM-92-16082
Restrictions & Rights:
Material is subject to Smithsonian Terms of Use. Should you wish to use Smithsonian National Air and Space Museum (NASM) material in any medium, please submit an Application for Permission to Reproduce NASM Material, available at http://airandspace.si.edu/permissions
See more items in:
Joseph D. Mountain Collection
Data Source:
National Air and Space Museum Archives
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_arc_364199

California-Arabian Standard Oil Co. Saudi Arabia Expedition; Saudi Arabians; Bedouins; Camels. [photograph]

Photographer:
Mountain, Joseph D 1902-1970  Search this
Type:
Photographs
Place:
Saudi Arabia
Date:
2/25/1935
Local number:
NASM-92-16083
Restrictions & Rights:
Material is subject to Smithsonian Terms of Use. Should you wish to use Smithsonian National Air and Space Museum (NASM) material in any medium, please submit an Application for Permission to Reproduce NASM Material, available at http://airandspace.si.edu/permissions
See more items in:
Joseph D. Mountain Collection
Data Source:
National Air and Space Museum Archives
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_arc_364200

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