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The Saginaw treaty of 1819 between General Lewis Cass and the Chippewa Indians, written for the centennial celebration of the treaty, September 19th, 1919, by Fred Dustin. Prepared under the direction of the Committee on history and records

Author:
Dustin, Fred 1866-  Search this
Physical description:
32 p. illus. 24 cm
Type:
Treaties
Place:
Michigan
Date:
1919
Call number:
E78.M6D9X
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_345243

Ambrotype of Chief Okemos

Photographer:
Smith, Henry H.  Search this
Collector:
Imhof, Joseph, 1871-1955  Search this
Imhof, Joseph, 1871-1955  Search this
Names:
Okemos, Chief  Search this
Extent:
1 ambrotypes (photographs)
Culture:
Anishinaabe (Chippewa/Ojibwa)  Search this
Type:
Archival materials
Collection descriptions
Ambrotypes (photographs)
Date:
1858
Summary:
Ambrotype of Chief Okemos [Anishinaabe (Chippewa/Ojibwa)] photographed by Henry H. Smith in 1858.
Scope and Contents:
P12521

This collection contains one 1/4 plate ambrotype depicting Chief Okemos [Anishinaabe (Chippewa/Ojibwa)], photographed by Henry H. Smith of Cheboygan, Michigan in 1858. The upper, right hand portion of the ambrotype glass is broken and missing. The ambrotype is housed in a leather case and features a brass mat and preserver.

Inside the case is a handwritten note that reads, "See back of picture for photographer and date." However, due to the photo's fragility, current NMAI Archives staff have not removed the ambrotype from its case to confirm the photographer and date.

Also included in the case are two newspaper clippings about Chief Okemos that are glued together. The first appears to be from the Lansing Journal and reads, "Old Okemus. –Our friend [paper missing] has left on our table a very fine ambrotype of Okemus, the well known chief of the Chippawas, whose residence in this part of the State has made his name and fame familiar to most of our readers. The old Chief paid a visit to our village a few days since. He is not far from one hundred years old, and although his step is feeble, yet he is as erect as in his palmier days. He has heretofore objected to having his likeness taken, under the impression it would shorten his life. At best he has but a few more days on earth. He carries scars upon his head and shoulder into which a man could lay his finger, which he claims to have received at the battle of Thames and while he was aiming his tomahawk at the head of Col. Johnson, just after he had shot Tecumseh. He also claims to have held a captain's commission in the British government. His position as chief has been usurped by younger hands. – Lansing Jour[word cut off]".

The second clipping is from Springfield (Mass) Republican on December 22, 1858 and reads, "The Potawatamie Chief Okemos, who has for a long time lived near Lansing, Michigan died on Sunday last. His precise age was not known, but it is supposed to have been over one hundred years".
Arrangement:
This ambrotype is housed in an archival phase box.
Biographical / Historical:
There is conflicting information about the details of Chief Okemos' biography including his birth year. It is believed that Chief Okemos was born circa 1769 possibly in the Anishinaabe (Chippewa/Ojibwa) settlement of Ketchewandaugoning on the Shiawassee River (near present day Bloomfield, Michigan). Other spellings of his name included Okemus, Okemans, Ogimaus, Okemos, O-ge-mah, and O-Gee-Manse.

He fought in several battles including the battle of Tippencanoe, Indiana (1811), the War of 1812, the Battle of Sandusky (1813), and the Battle of the Thames (1813). During the War of 1812, Okemos suffered an injury, which left him with a large scar on his forehead. Chief Okemos also signed several treaties on behalf of the Anishinaabe including the Treaty of Saginaw (1819).

His family included his wife Waindegoquayzance; his son Paymechewaysawdung (1829-1899; also known as John); his son Waygeshegome (1845-1902; also known as James); his daughter Kawbaishcawmoquay (1845-1896); and his daughter Shawusquahbenoquay (d.1852). Chief Okemos died on December 5, 1858 in Michigan.
Related Materials:
There are only 3 other known photographs of Chief Okemos. Two are in private collections and the third is an ambrotype held in the Archives of Michigan (Record Group 2005-13).

The NMAI Archives Center also holds other photographs (NMAI.AC.142) and objects collected by artist and collector Joseph Imholf.
Provenance:
This ambrotype was formerly in the collection of Joseph Imhof (1871-1955, Western artist); lent to MAI by Joseph Imhof in 1930; donated to MAI by Joseph Imhof's widow Sarah Imhof (1872-1966) in 1961.
Restrictions:
Access to NMAI Archives Center collections is by appointment only, Monday - Friday, 9:30 am - 4:30 pm. Please contact the archives to make an appointment (phone: 301-238-1400, email: nmaiarchives@si.edu).
Rights:
Permission to publish materials from the collection must be requested from National Museum of the American Indian Archives Center. Please submit a written request to nmaiphotos@si.edu. For personal or classroom use, users are invited to download, print, photocopy, and distribute the images that are available online without prior written permission, provided that the files are not modified in any way, the Smithsonian Institution copyright notice (where applicable) is included, and the source of the image is identified as the National Museum of the American Indian. For more information please see the Smithsonian's Terms of Use and NMAI Archive Center's Digital Image request website.
Citation:
Identification of specific item; Date (if known); Ambrotype of Chief Okemos, P12521, NMAI.AC.385; National Museum of the American Indian Archives Center, Smithsonian Institution.
Identifier:
NMAI.AC.385
Archival Repository:
National Museum of the American Indian
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-nmai-ac-385
Additional Online Media:

Eanger Irving Couse : the life and times of an American artist, 1866-1936 / Virginia Couse Leavitt

Author:
Leavitt, Virginia Couse http://id.loc.gov/vocabulary/relators/aut http://id.loc.gov/authorities/names/n92064677 http://viaf.org/viaf/41035926  Search this
Subject:
Couse, E. Irving (Eanger Irving) 1866-1936 http://id.loc.gov/authorities/names/n86867551 http://viaf.org/viaf/3274684  Search this
Taos Society of Artists  Search this
Physical description:
xii, 388 pages : illustrations (some color) ; 29 cm
Type:
Biography
Place:
United States
Date:
2019
Topic:
Painters  Search this
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_1105510

Erasmus D. Leavitt Papers

Source:
Work and Industry, Division of, NMAH, SI  Search this
Mechanical and Civil Engineering, Division of [former name], NMAH, SI.  Search this
Creator:
Calumet and Hecla Mining Company.  Search this
Leavitt, Erasmus D., 1836-1916  Search this
Former owner:
Mechanical and Civil Engineering, Division of [former name], NMAH, SI.  Search this
Work and Industry, Division of, NMAH, SI  Search this
Extent:
20.4 Cubic feet (3 boxes, 82 folders)
Type:
Archival materials
Collection descriptions
Notebooks
Scrapbooks
Drawings
Letterpress books
Diaries
Blueprints
Account books
Place:
Upper Peninsula (Mich.)
Date:
1871-1917
Summary:
Tracings on linen of steam engines of all types, pumping, histing, air compressing, mining, material handling, power transmission, mine structures, mining machinery, and buildings by Erasmus D. Leavitt, Jr. for Calumet Heclas, Inc. of Calumet, Michigan.
Scope and Contents note:
These papers contain engineering drawings by Leavitt from the Calumet & Hecla Mining Company including tracings and blueprints of 2000 to 8000 horsepower compound hoisting engines, 1889-1917; hoisting plants, 1891-1901; shaft hoisting gear, 1887-1902; Calumet & Hecla compressor houses, 1877-1882; waterworks; and electric plants. Also included are notebooks containing engine drawings and calculations; account books, 1885; a diary; a letterpress volume of sketches and office memoranda, 1884-1890; scrapbooks.
Arrangement:
The collection is arranged into one series by drawing number. Descriptions contain a category designation beginning with a letter. For example, drawings associated with Torch Lake in Michigan are desginated as Category K. In some instances, the drawings are categorized as XY with no further description or are un-numbered.

Series 1: Drawings

A Pumping Engine No. 2

B Boiler House and Gear House

C Gearing for Pump and Man Engine

D Hoisting Engine No. 1, Hecla Mine

E Calumet Mine General

F Calumet Pond Water Works

G Hecla Mine General

H No. 4 Stamp for Calumet Mill

I Calumet & Helca Mine General

J Calumet Hoisting Gear

K Torch Lake

L Hoisting Engine "Superior"

M Miscellaneous Engine Parts

N Pumping Engine "Arcadian"

O Engine "Wabeek"

P Pumping Engine "Ontario"

Q Hoisting Engine "Frontenac"

R Engine "Erie"

S Engine "Hecla"

T Pumping Engine No. 1

U Black Hills Hoisting Gear

V Hoisting Engines "Gratiot", "Houghton" & "Seneca"

W Pumping Engines "Michigan" & "Winnipeg"

X Hoisting Engines "Minong" & "Siscowitt"

Y Hoisting Engines "Mesnard & Pontiac"

Z Hoisting Engines "Hancock" & "Pewabic"

AA Sinking Engines "Delaware" & "Iroquois"

BB Compressor Engine "Mackinac"

CC Compressor Engine "Baraga"

DD Lake Superior Water Works

EE Hoisting Engines "Marquette" & Chippewa"

FF Hoisting Engines "Minnesota" & "Escanaba" and "Illinois" & "Wisconsin"

GG Misc. City of Boston Improved Sewerage Pumping Engine

HH Hoisting Engines "Osage", "Owego" & "Ontonagon"

II Amygdaloid Sand Wheel

JJ Pump "Arcadian"

KK Engine "Saginaw"
Biographical/Historical note:
The Calumet & Hecla Company, which was formed in about 1866, was one of the largest mining operations in the Lake Superior region of upper Michigan. Over 3 billion pounds of copper were removed from its extensive mines by the time operations ceased in 1939. To facilitate the work in both the mines and smelting plants, the company installed some the largest steam engines ever built. The aggregate amounted to over 55,000 horsepower.

Noted 19th century steam engineer Erasmus Darwin Leavitt was hired to design the series of huge multi-cylinder engines. Each had sufficient power to support several operations at one time. While an engine drove one of the hoists, it might also power pumping, conveying, and air compressing machinery. At the peak of operations there were at least 50 steam engines of all sizes providing power to Calumet & Hecla. Falling copper prices during the 1920s and the economic depression of the 1930s ultimately forced the mines to close. The engines were of no further use and their countless tons of cast iron and steel ended up in the scrap drives of World War II.

The collection came to the Smithsonian in 1960 from Calumet & Hecla, Inc. In the course of a reorganization in 1952 mining had been dropped from the company name as the emphasis was on chemicals, foundry work, and forest products. Its remaining mining activites in other areas of Michigan were phased out during the 1960s and in 1968 C&H merged with Universal Oil Prodcuts, Inc. Late in 1970 UOP scrapped what was left of the C&H physical plant and its remaining assests were auctioned off.
Related Materials:
Materials at Other Organizations

Michigan Technological University Archives and Copper COuntry Hihstorical Collections

Calumet and Hecla Mining Company Collection
Provenance:
Collection materials donated by Calumet and Hecla, Inc. in 1960 and by Thomas E. P. Rice, 1977.
Rights:
Collection items available for reproduction, but the Archives Center makes no guarantees concerning copyright restrictions. Other intellectual property rights may apply. Archives Center cost-recovery and use fees may apply when requesting reproductions.
Topic:
Hoisting and conveying  Search this
Mineral industries  Search this
Pumping  Search this
Steam-engines  Search this
Engines  Search this
Waterworks  Search this
Mining  Search this
Genre/Form:
Notebooks
Scrapbooks
Drawings
Letterpress books
Diaries
Blueprints
Account books
Citation:
Erasmus D. Leavitt Collection, 1871-1917, Archives Center, National Museum of American History.
Identifier:
NMAH.AC.0966
See more items in:
Erasmus D. Leavitt Papers
Archival Repository:
Archives Center, National Museum of American History
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-nmah-ac-0966
Additional Online Media:

[Lone Eagle (Saginaw Chippewa)]

Collection Correspondent:
Hanson, James A.  Search this
Conner, Stuart W.  Search this
Dempsey, Hugh A.  Search this
Brasser, Ted J.  Search this
DeMallie, Raymond  Search this
Schaeffer, Claude E.  Search this
Taylor, Colin F.  Search this
Collection Creator:
Ewers, John C. (John Canfield), 1909-1997  Search this
Container:
Box 2
Type:
Archival materials
Text
Date:
1996
Collection Restrictions:
The John Canfield Ewers papers are open for research.
Collection Rights:
Contact repository for terms of use.
Collection Citation:
John Canfield Ewers papers, National Anthropological Archives, Smithsonian Institution
See more items in:
John Canfield Ewers Papers
Archival Repository:
National Anthropological Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-naa-1998-35-ref871

Basket with cover

Photographer:
Eli Thomas (Little Elk), Saginaw Chippewa, 1898-1990  Search this
Culture/People:
Saginaw Chippewa  Search this
Artist/Maker:
Eli Thomas (Little Elk), Saginaw Chippewa, 1898-1990  Search this
Previous owner:
Indian Arts and Crafts Board, Department of the Interior (IACB), 1935-  Search this
IACB source:
Eli Thomas (Little Elk), Saginaw Chippewa, 1898-1990  Search this
Object Name:
Basket with cover
Media/Materials:
Ash splints, synthetic dye/dyes
Techniques:
Dyed, twill-plaited, wicker-plaited, fancy plaited weave
Dimensions:
53 x 30.5 cm
Object Type:
Containers and Vessels
Place:
Mount Pleasant, Isabella Reservation; Isabella County; Michigan; USA
Date created:
circa 1980
Catalog Number:
25/6046
Barcode:
256046.000
See related items:
Saginaw Chippewa
Containers and Vessels
Data Source:
National Museum of the American Indian
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:NMAI_271918
Additional Online Media:

Basket

Photographer:
Delmar Jackson, Sr., Saginaw Chippewa  Search this
Culture/People:
Saginaw Chippewa  Search this
Artist/Maker:
Delmar Jackson, Sr., Saginaw Chippewa  Search this
IACB source:
Delmar Jackson, Sr., Saginaw Chippewa  Search this
Previous owner:
Indian Arts and Crafts Board, Department of the Interior (IACB), 1935-  Search this
Object Name:
Basket
Media/Materials:
Black ash/brown ash splints
Techniques:
Twill-plaited, wicker-plaited
Dimensions:
14.5 x 12 cm
Object Type:
Containers and Vessels
Place:
Mount Pleasant, Isabella Reservation; Isabella County; Michigan; USA
Date created:
1983
Catalog Number:
25/6064
Barcode:
256064.000
See related items:
Saginaw Chippewa
Containers and Vessels
Data Source:
National Museum of the American Indian
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:NMAI_271936
Additional Online Media:

Basket

Photographer:
Delmar Jackson, Sr., Saginaw Chippewa  Search this
Culture/People:
Saginaw Chippewa  Search this
Artist/Maker:
Delmar Jackson, Sr., Saginaw Chippewa  Search this
IACB source:
Delmar Jackson, Sr., Saginaw Chippewa  Search this
Previous owner:
Indian Arts and Crafts Board, Department of the Interior (IACB), 1935-  Search this
Object Name:
Basket
Media/Materials:
Ash splints, wood, synthetic dye/dyes
Techniques:
Dyed, twill-plaited, wicker-plaited, carved
Dimensions:
30.6 x 20 x 20 cm
Object Type:
Containers and Vessels
Place:
Mount Pleasant, Isabella Reservation; Isabella County; Michigan; USA
Date created:
1983
Catalog Number:
25/6082
Barcode:
256082.000
See related items:
Saginaw Chippewa
Containers and Vessels
Data Source:
National Museum of the American Indian
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:NMAI_271954
Additional Online Media:

Fetish For The Hunt

Photographer:
Dennis Christy (D.R. Christy), Saginaw Chippewa, b. ca. 1955  Search this
Culture/People:
Saginaw Chippewa  Search this
Artist/Maker:
Dennis Christy (D.R. Christy), Saginaw Chippewa, b. ca. 1955  Search this
Previous owner:
Indian Arts and Crafts Board, Department of the Interior (IACB), 1935-  Search this
Seymour Tubis, Non-Indian, 1919-1993  Search this
IACB source:
Seymour Tubis, Non-Indian, 1919-1993  Search this
Title:
Fetish For The Hunt
Object Name:
Sculpture
Media/Materials:
Cow bone, plaster, metal wire
Techniques:
Modeled, etched
Dimensions:
47 x 45.5 x 19.5 cm
Object Type:
Sculpture/Carving/Figures
Place:
Santa Fe; Santa Fe County; New Mexico; USA (inferred)
Date created:
1975
Catalog Number:
25/9866
Barcode:
259866.000
See related items:
Saginaw Chippewa
Sculpture/Carving/Figures
Data Source:
National Museum of the American Indian
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:NMAI_275955
Additional Online Media:

Box with cover

Photographer:
Larry Sprague, Saginaw Chippewa, b. 1950  Search this
Culture/People:
Saginaw Chippewa  Search this
Artist/Maker:
Larry Sprague, Saginaw Chippewa, b. 1950  Search this
Previous owner:
Indian Arts and Crafts Board, Department of the Interior (IACB), 1935-  Search this
IACB source:
Eli Thomas (Little Elk), Saginaw Chippewa, 1898-1990  Search this
Object Name:
Box with cover
Media/Materials:
Woodsplints, dye/dyes
Techniques:
Plaited, dyed, fancy plaited weave
Dimensions:
15.1 x 11.6 cm
Object Type:
Containers and Vessels
Place:
Michigan; USA (inferred)
Date created:
1983
Catalog Number:
26/1500
Barcode:
261500.000
See related items:
Saginaw Chippewa
Containers and Vessels
Data Source:
National Museum of the American Indian
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:NMAI_277598

Basket

Photographer:
Delmar Jackson, Sr., Saginaw Chippewa  Search this
Culture/People:
Saginaw Chippewa  Search this
Artist/Maker:
Delmar Jackson, Sr., Saginaw Chippewa  Search this
Previous owner:
Indian Arts and Crafts Board, Department of the Interior (IACB), 1935-  Search this
IACB source:
Delmar Jackson, Sr., Saginaw Chippewa  Search this
Object Name:
Basket
Media/Materials:
Black ash/brown ash splints, dye/dyes
Techniques:
Dyed, plaited
Dimensions:
15.6 x 12.1 cm
Object Type:
Containers and Vessels
Place:
Mount Pleasant, Isabella Reservation; Isabella County; Michigan; USA (inferred)
Date created:
1983
Catalog Number:
26/1706
Barcode:
261706.000
See related items:
Saginaw Chippewa
Containers and Vessels
Data Source:
National Museum of the American Indian
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:NMAI_277812

Diba jimooyung, telling our story : a history of the Saginaw Ojibwe Anishinabek / managing editor, Charmaine M. Benz, assistant editor, R. Todd Williamson

Title:
Telling our story
Author:
Benz, Charmaine M  Search this
Williamson, Ronald Todd  Search this
Saginaw Chippewa Indian Tribe of Michigan  Search this
Ziibiwing Cultural Society  Search this
Physical description:
xii, 161 pages : illustrations (some color), color maps ; 29 cm
Type:
Books
History
Place:
Michigan
Saginaw Chippewa Indian Tribe of Michigan
Date:
2005
Topic:
Ojibwa Indians--History  Search this
History  Search this
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_1072156

Chippewa, Saginaw (Michigan)

Collection Creator:
National Congress of American Indians  Search this
Container:
Box 101
Type:
Archival materials
Date:
1956-1960
Collection Restrictions:
Access to NMAI Archive Center collections is by appointment only, Monday - Friday, 9:30 am - 4:30 pm. Please contact the archives to make an appointment (phone: 301-238-1400, email: nmaiarchives@si.edu).
Collection Rights:
Single photocopies may be made for research purposes. Permission to publish or broadbast materials from the collection must be requested from National Museum of the American Indian Archive Center. Please submit a written request to nmaiarchives@si.edu.
Collection Citation:
Identification of specific item; Date (if known); Collection Title, Box and Folder Number; National Museum of the American Indian Archive Center, Smithsonian Institution.
See more items in:
National Congress of American Indians records
Archival Repository:
National Museum of the American Indian
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-nmai-ac-010-ref1113

Baird's Atlas

Author:
Baird, Spencer Fullerton 1823-1887  Search this
Physical description:
Number of Images: 149; Color: Color; Size: 10w x 12h; Type of Image: Book; Medium: Paper
Type:
Book
Paper
Date:
1850s - 1870s
Topic:
Maps  Search this
Collectors and collecting  Search this
Natural history  Search this
Standard number:
SIA2014-01441 through SIA2014-01527
Restrictions & Rights:
No restrictions
Data Source:
Smithsonian Archives - History Div
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sic_14152
1 Page(s) matching your search term, top most relevant are shown: View entire project in transcription center
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Legible sovereignties : rhetoric, representations, and Native American museums / Lisa King

Author:
King, Lisa (Lisa Michelle)  Search this
Physical description:
xii, 192 pages : illustrations ; 23 cm
Type:
Case studies
Date:
2017
Topic:
Museums  Search this
Rhetoric--Social aspects  Search this
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_1081656

The Road to Repatriation

Creator:
Smithsonian Magazine  Search this
Type:
Blog posts
Smithsonian staff publications
Blog posts
Published Date:
Tue, 25 Nov 2008 05:00:00 +0000
Topic:
Search this
See more post:
Smithsonian Article Database
Data Source:
Smithsonian Magazine
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:posts_2dac43d324522942c52c6c3480bcf531

Moccasin

Donor Name:
Saginaw High School Museum  Search this
Collector:
Harlan I. Smith  Search this
Culture:
Chippewa  Search this
Object Type:
Moccasin
Place:
Saginaw, Saginaw County, Michigan, United States, North America
Accession Date:
1895-Nov-25
Topic:
Ethnology  Search this
Accession Number:
030083
USNM Number:
E175470-0
See more items in:
Anthropology
Data Source:
NMNH - Anthropology Dept.
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:nmnhanthropology_8350844
Additional Online Media:

An anthropological report on Indian use and occupancy of northern Michigan [by] Erminie Wheeler-Voegelin. Ethnohistorical report on the Saginaw Chippewa [by] David B. Stout. Economic and historical report on northern Michigan [by] Robert M. Warner. Historical report on the Sault Ste. Marie area [by] Robert M. Warner [and] Lois J. Groesbeck. The Chippewa of eastern lower Michigan [by] Helen Hornbeck Tanner

Author:
Wheeler-Voegelin, Erminie 1903-1988  Search this
United States Indian Claims Commission  Search this
Physical description:
374 p. maps (part fold., 3 in pocket)
Type:
Books
Place:
Michigan
Date:
1974
Topic:
History  Search this
Call number:
E99.C6 V87
E99.C6V87
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_40553

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