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Buffalo Coat

view Buffalo Coat digital asset number 1
Wearer:
Cody, Buffalo Bill
Physical Description:
buffalo skin (overall material)
Measurements:
overall: 59 in x 43 in; 149.86 cm x 109.22 cm
Object Name:
overcoat
Used:
United States
Description:
Physical Description
Specific History
According to legend, this coat was made from the skin of a buffalo killed by Buffalo Bill, and presented by him to Captain J. B. Irvine, Twenty-second U.S. Infantry. Irvine then presented it to Second Lieutenant Albert C. Dalton, Company A, U.S. Infantry.
General History
In a life that was part legend and part fantasy, William F. Cody came to embody the spirit of the West. During the Civil War, Cody served first as a Union scout in campaigns against the Kiowa and Comanche; then in 1863 he enlisted with the Seventh Kansas Cavalry, which saw action in Missouri and Tennessee. In 1867, Cody took up the trade that gave him his nickname, hunting buffalo to feed the construction crews of the Kansas Pacific Railroad. According to Buffalo Bill, he killed 4,280 head of buffalo in seventeen months.
He is perhaps best known for Buffalo Bill’s Wild West show, a theatrical extravaganza. His show dramatized some of the most picturesque elements of frontier life. It contained a buffalo hunt with real buffalos, an Indian attack with real Indians, and a grand finale that reenacted Custer’s Last Stand, with some Lakota who actually fought in the battle playing a part. The show was enormously successful and traveled the world for three decades.
From Brigadier General Albert C. Dalton, US Army (Ret'd), written 26th July 1951:
"This coat was made from the skin of a buffalo killed by the celebrated "Buffalo Bill" (Mr. William F. Cody) at the time he was engaged in supplying buffalo meat to the workers on the Union Pacific Railway, and also to the troops of the United States Army in the same area. The skin was presented to Captain Javan B. Irvine 22nd US Infantry who was a famous Indian fighter and a close friend of Buffalo Bill during the days when he was with the army as a guide and Indian Scout. Captain Irvine presented the coat to then 2nd Lieut Albert C. Dalton 22nd Inf. who served in Captain Irvine's Company "A" 22nd Infantry from May 1889 to Aug 1891---when he was commissioned as a 2nd Lieut and assigned to the regiment for duty as an officer. Captain Irvine retired the same year and on leaving the regiment gave the coat to Lieut Dalton.
The coat was repaired and the quilted lining put in in place of the old lining in 1910 at the Schuykill Army Factory".
Subject:
Native Americans
Related event:
Indian Wars
The Development of the Industrial United States
ID Number:
AF*54564
Catalog number:
54564
Accession number:
191694
See more items in:
Armed Forces History: Armed Forces History, Military
Clothing & Accessories
Military
ThinkFinity
Exhibition:
The Price of Freedom: Americans at War
Exhibition Location:
National Museum of American History
Data Source:
National Museum of American History, Kenneth E. Behring Center

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