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[Gunogwe Mazhi], 1935

Creator:
Landes, Ruth 1908-1991
Physical description:
2 photographic prints : black & white ; 12.5 x 8 centimeters
Culture:
Potawatomi Indians
Indians of North America Northeast
Type:
Photographs
Date:
1935
Local number:
Image ID landes_photo_potawatomi_people_05
Image ID landes_photo_potawatomi_people_09
Summary:
Two duplicate prints; landes_photo_potawatomi_people_09 was printed at a later date. Photograph of Gunogwe Mazhi (or Masha), one of Ruth Landes' informants from her field research among the Prarie Potawatomi in Mayetta, Kansas in 1935-36. Her daughter is Louise Nocktonick. Handwritten on verso of landes_photo_potawatomi_people_05 by Landes: "Mrs. Mæzi. Pot. Mayetta, Ks, 1935."
Cite as:
Image ID #, Potawatomi: People, Box 62, Ruth Landes Papers, National Anthropological Archives, Smithsonian Institution
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Potawatomi: People circa 1935-1936 and 1950s
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National Anthropological Archives
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[Profile of Gunogwe Mazhi], 1935

Creator:
Landes, Ruth 1908-1991
Physical description:
2 photographic prints : black & white ; 12.5 x 8 centimeters
Culture:
Potawatomi Indians
Indians of North America Northeast
Type:
Photographs
Date:
1935
Local number:
Image ID landes_photo_potawatomi_people_06
Image ID landes_photo_potawatomi_people_10
Summary:
Two duplicate prints; landes_photo_potawatomi_people_10 was printed at a later date. Photograph of Gunogwe Mazhi (or Masha), one of Ruth Landes' informants from her field research among the Prarie Potawatomi in Mayetta, Kansas in 1935-36. Her daughter is Louise Nocktonick. Handwritten on verso of landes_photo_potawatomi_people_06 by Landes: "II. Pot, Mayetta, Ks, 1935. (reminded me of M-l) also I hv negative. Mrs. Mæzi Kuk no' Kwe [?]"
Cite as:
Image ID #, Potawatomi: People, Box 62, Ruth Landes Papers, National Anthropological Archives, Smithsonian Institution
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Potawatomi: People circa 1935-1936 and 1950s
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National Anthropological Archives
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[Louise (Mazhi or Masha) Nocktonick], 1935

Creator:
Landes, Ruth 1908-1991
Physical description:
1 photographic print : black & white ; 12.5 x 8 centimeters
Culture:
Potawatomi Indians
Indians of North America Northeast
Type:
Photographs
Date:
1935
Local number:
Image ID landes_photo_potawatomi_people_08
Image ID landes_photo_potawatomi_people_12
Summary:
Photograph of Louise (Mazhi or Masha) Nocktonick, daughter of Gunogwe and one of Ruth Landes' informants during her fieldwork among the Prarie Potawatomi in Mayetta, Kansas in 1935-36. The two reconnected in the 1950s, corresponding with each other into the 1970s. Handwritten on verso by Landes: "Pots -- 1935, Mayetta, Ks. Louise Mæzi -- aged 22 -- wndrfl needle-wrk, etc."
Cite as:
Image ID #, Potawatomi: People, Box 62, Ruth Landes Papers, National Anthropological Archives, Smithsonian Institution
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Potawatomi: People circa 1935-1936 and 1950s
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National Anthropological Archives
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On-sáw-kie, The Sauk, in the Act of Praying

Artist:
George Catlin, born Wilkes-Barre, PA 1796-died Jersey City, NJ 1872
Sitter:
Sauk
Medium:
oil on canvas
Dimensions:
29 x 24 in. (73.7 x 60.9 cm)
Type:
Painting
Date:
1830
Topic:
Ethnic\Indian\Potawatomi
Portrait male
Recreation\church\prayer
Credit Line:
Smithsonian American Art Museum, Gift of Mrs. Joseph Harrison, Jr.
Object number:
1985.66.237
Description:
The Sauk, a member of the Potawatomi/Prairie Band, was probably painted by George Catlin at Fort Leavenworth (in today’s Kansas) in 1830. He described the Sauk as “in the act of praying; his prayer written in characters on a maple stick.” (Truettner, The Natural Man Observed, 1979)
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Smithsonian American Art Museum Collection
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Smithsonian American Art Museum
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Na-pów-sa, Bear Traveling at Night, a Chief

Artist:
George Catlin, born Wilkes-Barre, PA 1796-died Jersey City, NJ 1872
Sitter:
Bear Traveling At Night
Medium:
oil on canvas
Dimensions:
29 x 24 in. (73.7 x 60.9 cm)
Type:
Painting
Date:
1830
Topic:
Ethnic\Indian\Potawatomi
Portrait male
Credit Line:
Smithsonian American Art Museum, Gift of Mrs. Joseph Harrison, Jr.
Object number:
1985.66.238
Description:
George Catlin probably painted Bear Traveling at Night, a chief of the Potawatomi/Prairie Band, at Fort Leavenworth (in today’s Kansas) in 1830. Of the Potawatomi, Catlin wrote: “The remains of a tribe who were once very numerous and warlike, but reduced by whiskey and small-pox, to their present number, which is not more than 2700. This tribe may be said to be semi-civilized, inasmuch as they have so long lived in contiguity with white people, with whom their blood is considerably mixed, and whose modes and whose manners they have in many respects copied. From a similarity of language as well as of customs and personal appearance, there is no doubt that they have formerly been a part of the great tribe of Chippeways or Ot-ta-was, living neighbours and adjoining to them, on the North.” (Catlin, Letters and Notes, vol. 2, no. 47, 1841; reprint 1973)
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Smithsonian American Art Museum
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Garters/Legbands

Media/Materials:
Glass bead/beads, wool yarn, cotton thread
Techniques:
Loom beadwork
Dimensions:
103 x 10 cm
Culture/People:
Potawatomi [Prairie Band, Kansas]
Object Type:
Clothing/Garments: Accessories
Place:
Kansas; USA
Date Created:
circa 1900
Catalog Number:
2/7694
Collection History:
Collected by Mark Raymond Harrington (1882-1971, MAI staff member) in 1910 during fieldwork sponsored by George Heye.
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Ethnographic Items
On View:
National Museum of the American Indian, Washington, DC
Data Source:
National Museum of the American Indian
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Tobacco bag

Media/Materials:
Hide, glass bead/beads, cotton cloth, wool yarn
Techniques:
Sewn, overlay beadwork, edge beaded
Dimensions:
53.8 x 19.9 x 4.5 cm
Culture/People:
Potawatomi [Prairie Band, Kansas]
Object Type:
Pipes and Smoking
Place:
Kansas; USA
Date Created:
circa 1890
Catalog Number:
2/7536
Collection History:
Collected by Mark Raymond Harrington (1882-1971, MAI staff member) in 1910 during fieldwork sponsored by George Heye.
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Ethnographic Items
On View:
National Museum of the American Indian, Washington, DC
Data Source:
National Museum of the American Indian
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Knife

Artists/Makers:
Dale Cannon, Potawatomi, b. ca. 1946
Media/Materials:
Stone, shell/shells, gold
Techniques:
Flaked/chipped, carved
Dimensions:
22.5 x 4.4 x 1.3 cm
Culture/People:
probably Potawatomi (attributed)
Object Type:
Tools and Equipment (General)
Place:
Minnesota; USA
Date Created:
2000
Catalog Number:
25/9051
Collection History:
NMAI purchase from the artist in 2000.
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Modern and Contemporary Arts
On View:
National Museum of the American Indian, Washington, DC
Data Source:
National Museum of the American Indian
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Man's apron/Breechcloth panel

Donor:
Sarah Imhof (Sallie Imhof/Sarah Russell Imhof), Non-Indian, 1872-1966
Media/Materials:
Wool cloth, glass bead/beads
Techniques:
Sewn, overlay beadwork
Dimensions:
72.6 x 43 cm
Culture/People:
Potawatomi [Prairie Band, Kansas]
Object Type:
Clothing/Garments
Place:
Kansas; USA
Date Created:
circa 1900
Catalog Number:
24/1996
Collection History:
Collected between 1900 and 1910 by Joseph Imhof (1871-1955, Western artist); inherited by his wife, Sarah Imhof (1872-1966); bequeathed to MAI in 1966.
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Ethnographic Items
On View:
National Museum of the American Indian, Washington, DC
Data Source:
National Museum of the American Indian
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Shoulder bag/Bandolier bag

Media/Materials:
Wool cloth, glass bead/beads, wool yarn
Techniques:
Sewn, loom beadwork, overlay beadwork
Dimensions:
96 x 25.3 cm
Culture/People:
probably Potawatomi (attributed)
Object Type:
Bags/Pouches (and parts)
Place:
Great Lakes region; Canada, USA (inferred)
Site Name:
Great Lakes region
Date Created:
circa 1870
Catalog Number:
8922
Collection History:
Said to have been owned by Chief Joseph (Nimi'ipuu (Nez Perce), but this is very unlikely; formerly in the collection of Joseph W. Keppler (1872-1956, long-time friend of George Heye); acquired by Heye in 1906.
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Ethnographic Items
On View:
National Museum of the American Indian, Washington, DC
Data Source:
National Museum of the American Indian
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Basket

Artists/Makers:
Mike Sagataw (Joe Sagataw), Potawatomi [Michigan]
Donor:
Mike Sagataw (Joe Sagataw), Potawatomi [Michigan]
Media/Materials:
Black ash/brown ash splints, sweetgrass, dye/dyes
Techniques:
Plaited, fancy plaited weave, dyed
Dimensions:
26.5 x 11.5 cm
Culture/People:
Potawatomi [Michigan]
Object Type:
Containers and Vessels
Place:
Hannahville Potawatomi Reservation; Menominee County; Michigan; USA
Date Created:
1990
Catalog Number:
25/3062
Collection History:
Gift of the artist, 1990.
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Ethnographic Items
Data Source:
National Museum of the American Indian
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Log from which splints are pounded

Artists/Makers:
Mike Sagataw (Joe Sagataw), Potawatomi [Michigan]
Donor:
Mike Sagataw (Joe Sagataw), Potawatomi [Michigan]
Media/Materials:
Black ash/brown ash splints
Techniques:
Pounded
Dimensions:
75 x 11.5 cm
Culture/People:
Potawatomi [Michigan]
Object Type:
Materials: Raw
Place:
Hannahville Potawatomi Reservation; Menominee County; Michigan; USA
Date Created:
1989-1990
Catalog Number:
25/3063
Collection History:
Gift of the artist, 1990.
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Modern and Contemporary Arts
Data Source:
National Museum of the American Indian
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Silversmith's toolkit

Artists/Makers:
Charles Jim Anishinaba (Charles Jim Ashinaba/Charles (Chas) Jim/Jim Ashinaba), Potawatomi
Media/Materials:
Iron, wood, metal can, german silver ("nickel silver"/copper-nickel alloy)
Techniques:
Carved, forged, hammered, commercially produced/manufactured
Culture/People:
Potawatomi
Object Type:
Metal and Jewelry Tools and Equipment
Place:
Blackwell Junction, Forest County Potawatomi Reservation; Forest County; Wisconsin; USA (inferred)
Date Created:
1890-1910
Catalog Number:
24/2217
Collection History:
Formerly owned by Charles Jim Anishinaba (Potawatomi); acquired from him by David T. Vernon (1900-1973) at an unknown date; received by MAI in 1968 via an exchange with the Jackson Hole Preserve, Inc. (a foundation backed by the Rockefeller family), which purchased Vernon's entire collection before 1968.
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Ethnographic Items
Data Source:
National Museum of the American Indian
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Hands and Moons

Artists/Makers:
Dale Cannon, Potawatomi, b. ca. 1946
Bennett Adams, Non-Indian
Donor:
Dale Cannon, Potawatomi, b. ca. 1946
Object Name:
Knife and sheath
Media/Materials:
Agate, deer antler, deerhide/deerskin, glass bead/beads
Techniques:
Flaked/chipped, carved, sewn, strung
Dimensions:
38 x 9 x 3.5 cm
Culture/People:
Potawatomi
Object Type:
Personal items
Place:
Zimmerman; Sherburne County; Minnesota; USA
Date Created:
2000-2004
Catalog Number:
26/3852
Collection History:
Gift of the artist Dale Cannon, 2004.
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Modern and Contemporary Arts
Data Source:
National Museum of the American Indian
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Lancet

Media/Materials:
Iron blade, wood
Techniques:
Carved, perforated
Culture/People:
Potawatomi
Object Type:
Ceremonial/Ritual items: Doctor's items
Place:
Blackwell Junction, Forest County Potawatomi Reservation; Forest County; Wisconsin; USA (inferred)
Date Created:
circa 1930
Catalog Number:
24/2189
Collection History:
Formerly owned by Charles Jim Anishinaba (Potawatomi); acquired from him by David T. Vernon (1900-1973) at an unknown date; received by MAI in 1968 via an exchange with the Jackson Hole Preserve, Inc. (a foundation backed by the Rockefeller family), which purchased Vernon's entire collection before 1968.
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Ethnographic Items
Data Source:
National Museum of the American Indian
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Cradleboard

Artists/Makers:
Peter Jim Anishinaba (Peter Jim Ashinaba), Potawatomi
Media/Materials:
Wood, hide thong/babiche, brass bell/bells, silk ribbon
Techniques:
Carved
Dimensions:
67.00 x 37.00 x 33.00 cm
Culture/People:
Potawatomi [Forest County, Wisconsin]
Object Type:
Transportation Items: Baby carriers
Place:
Blackwell, Forest County Potawatomi Reservation; Forest County; Wisconsin; USA
Date Created:
circa 1850
Catalog Number:
24/1973
Collection History:
Collection history unknown; formerly in the collection of David T. Vernon (1900-1973). Received by MAI in 1968 via an exchange with the Jackson Hole Preserve, Inc. (a foundation backed by the Rockefeller family), which purchased Vernon's entire collection before 1968.
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Ethnographic Items
Data Source:
National Museum of the American Indian
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Bag with underwater panther design

Media/Materials:
Nettle fiber, buffalo hair yarn, wool yarn
Techniques:
Twined
Dimensions:
62 x 40 cm
Culture/People:
Potawatomi [Forest County, Wisconsin]
Object Type:
Bags/Pouches (and parts)
Place:
Soperton, Forest County Potawatomi Reservation; Forest County; Wisconsin; USA
Date Created:
circa 1890
Catalog Number:
24/2165
Collection History:
Formerly owned by Mack Pemma (Forest County Potawatomi, ca. 1876-ca. 1940); acquired from him by David T. Vernon (1900-1973) at an unknown date; received by MAI in 1968 via an exchange with the Jackson Hole Preserve, Inc. (a foundation backed by the Rockefeller family), which purchased Vernon's entire collection before 1968.
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Ethnographic Items
On View:
The George Gustav Heye Center, New York, NY
Data Source:
National Museum of the American Indian
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Strength of the Maker

Artists/Makers:
Denny Haskew, Potawatomi [Oklahoma], b. 1948
Donor:
Denny Haskew, Potawatomi [Oklahoma], b. 1948
Object Name:
Sculpture
Media/Materials:
Bronze
Techniques:
Cast
Dimensions:
245 x 163 x 155 cm
Culture/People:
Potawatomi [Oklahoma]
Object Type:
Sculpture/Carving/Figures
Place:
Loveland; Larimer County; Colorado; USA
Date Created:
1991
Catalog Number:
25/4585
Collection History:
Gift of the artist, 1998.
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Modern and Contemporary Arts
Data Source:
National Museum of the American Indian
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Quill flattener

Media/Materials:
Elk antler
Techniques:
Carved
Dimensions:
13 x 2.2 x .9 cm
Culture/People:
Potawatomi
Object Type:
Tools and Equipment (General)
Place:
Blackwell Junction, Forest County Potawatomi Reservation; Forest County; Wisconsin; USA (inferred)
Date Created:
1880-1920
Catalog Number:
24/2190
Collection History:
Collection history unknown; formerly in the collection of David T. Vernon (1900-1973). Received by MAI in 1968 via an exchange with the Jackson Hole Preserve, Inc. (a foundation backed by the Rockefeller family), which purchased Vernon's entire collection before 1968.
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Ethnographic Items
Data Source:
National Museum of the American Indian
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Eagle Dancer

Artists/Makers:
Woody Crumbo (Woodrow Wilson Crumbo), Potawatomi [Oklahoma]/Oklahoma Muskogee (Creek), 1912-1989
Donor:
R. E. Mansfield (Richard E. Mansfield), Non-Indian, 1937-2007
Object Name:
Print
Media/Materials:
Paper, ink
Techniques:
Silkscreen printed
Dimensions:
32.9 x 26.6 cm
Culture/People:
Potawatomi [Oklahoma]
Object Type:
Painting/Drawing/Print
Place:
Oklahoma; USA
Date Created:
circa 1970
Catalog Number:
26/3998
Collection History:
Formerly in the collection of R.E. Mansfield (1937-2007); donated to NMAI in 2003.
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Modern and Contemporary Arts
Data Source:
National Museum of the American Indian
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