When he sat for Stuart, the Boston physician John Collins Warren (1778–1856) was well established in his medical career and on the path to become one of America’s preeminent surgeons. The drawing he holds of a diseased human heart helps date the portrait to 1812, when the drawing was engraved to illustrate an article he published in the New England Journal of Medicine and Surgery, and the Collateral Branches of Science, of which he was cofounder. Warren later taught at Harvard Medical School and was a founder of Massachusetts General Hospital. He was also Stuart’s family physician.
John Collins Warren: Male
John Collins Warren: Health and Medicine\Physician\Surgeon
John Collins Warren: Education\Educator\Professor\University
John Collins Warren: Literature\Writer\Medical
John Collins Warren: Health and Medicine\Founder\Hospital
John Collins Warren: Education\Educator\Professor\Anatomy
"Barratt, Carrie Rebora, and Ellen G. Miles, "Gilbert Stuart," New York: Metropolitan Museum of Art; New Haven: Yale University Press, 2004, no. 83.
Portrait of John Collins Warren seated in a red velvet chair with his body turned to the left, his gaze directed toward the viewer, his arms resting on a table in front of him, and a diagram of heart held up in his hands. He wears a ruffled white shirt and a black jacket. In the background there is column, and a bit of red drapery pulled back to reveal a bookshelf filled with red and white leather-bound volumes.
Portrait male--Waist length
Art Inventories Catalog, Smithsonian American Art Museums
Henry Bascom Collins, Jr. Papers 1730-1977, bulk 1922-1970
Collins, Henry Bascom 1899-1987
Du Roullet, Regis
Resolute Bay Expedition, 1951
Southampton Island Expedition, 1956
Anderson, H. D
Armstrong, Robert Geiston
Ashley-Montagu, Montague Francis
Atwood, Wallace W Jr
Baird, Patrick D
Bennett, Wendell Clark
Bostock, Hugh S
Brandt, G. Herman
Bushnell, David Ives Jr 1875-1941
Case, John C
Chambers, Moreau Browne Congleton
Chaney, Ralph W
Colbert, Lee O
Day, Albert M
De Laguna, Frederica 1906-2004
Deming, Edwin Willard 1860-1942
Dunbar, Max J
Eide, Arthur Hansin
Evans-Pritchard, Edward Evans
Everett, Martha T
Fewkes, Jesse Walter 1850-1930
Flakne, Joseph T
Flint, Richard Foster
Ford, James Alfred 1911-1968
Garber, Clark M
Geist, Otto William
Goldstein, Marcus Solomon
Gould, Lawrence M
Graf, John Enos
Guthe, Carl E (Carl Eugen) 1893-1974
Hammerich, L. L
Herskovits, Melville J (Melville Jean) 1895-1963
Hrdlička, Aleš 1869-1943
Jenness, Diamond 1886-1969
Jones, E. D
Judd, Neil Merton 1887-1976
Kashevaroff, A. P
Linton, Ralph 1893-1953
MacKay, J. Ross
MacKenzie, C. J
Manca, Harry E
Manning, T. H
Mason, John Alden 1885-1967
Michael, Henry N
Moodie, Roy L
Moorehead, Warren King
Myers, John L
Nutt, David C
OʹNeill, John J
Parkin, G. Raleigh
Rainey, Froelich G
Reed, John C
Rowley, Graham W
Sanders, A. G
Shimkin, Demitri Boris
Silook, Paul Eskimo
Smith, G. Dudley
Smith, Marian Wesley
Solecki, Ralph S
Stefansson, Vilhjalmur 1879-1962
Stewart, T. D (Thomas Dale) 1901-1997
Sullivan, J. Magruder
Walker, James Stewart
Wallace, Robert C
Wardle, H. Newell
Washburn, A. L
Waugh, Leuman M. Dr
Wetmore, Alexander 1886-1978
Wilson, J. Tuzo
Wood, Walter A
Hough, Walter 1859-1935
Moore, Riley D
Chamber, Moreau B.C
Taylor, William E
Arctic Institute of North America
Smithsonian Institution Bureau of American Ethnology
Smithsonian Institution Smithsonian Office of Anthropological Research
Smithsonian Institution Smithsonian Office of Anthropology
Ethnogeographic Board (Washington, D.C.)
Committee on International Relations in Anthropology
International Congress of Anthropological and Ethnological Sciences 1958
Alaskan Science Conference
34 linear feet
Indians of North America Subarctic
Indians of North America Southern States
Literary and other rights have been retained by Collins and will pass to his wife.
Originally trained in geology, Henry Bascom Collins became involved in anthropology as an assistant on Neil M. Judd's expeditions to Pueblo Bonito in New Mexico in 1922-1924. In 1924, he became an aid in the Division of Ethnology of the United States National Museum. In 1924, he was promoted to assistant curator and in 1938 associate curator in the same division. In 1939, he was made a senior ethnologist with the Bureau of American Ethnology and became that organization's acting director in 1963. When the BAE and the Department of Anthropology were merged in 1965, Collins became a senior scientist in the new Smithsonian Office of Anthropology.
He was appointed archeologist emeritus when he retired in 1967. Collins's independent field work during the early part of his career focused to a considerable extent on his native American South, an interest developed during a short appointment with the Mississippi Department of Archives and History. His broad anthropological interests in the area were channeled into investigations, both archeological and physical anthropological, relating to the large Choctaw tribe and explorations of areas whose cultural history was little known. He was particularly interested in the culture history and relationships among the peoples who had inhabited the Gulf Coast.
Collins thus worked during the mid and late 1920s at village and mound sites in eastern and southern Mississippi, carried out archeological reconnaissance and excavations in southern Louisiana, and explored areas of southwestern Florida, becoming especially concerned there with problems concerning the Calusa. He also carried out anthropometric studies of living Choctaws of Mississippi. Collins is best known, however, for his efforts in Arctic archeology. In the northlands of North America, he became involved in the puzzles of Eskimo origins and cultural development and devoted most of his career as a field archeologist in explorations that resulted in solutions to these problems.
Between 1927 and 1936, he and colleagues, notably including James Alfred Ford, focused their field work on the Bering Sea area and the Arctic coasts of Alaska, including St. Lawrence Island, Nunivak Island, the Diomedes, Punuk Island, Bristol Bay, Norton Sound, Point Hope, Cape Prince of Wales, the Aleutians, and the interior of the Seward Peninsula. They concerned themselves with the Asian affinities, western origins, culture sequences, and non-Eskimo influences of Eskimo culture. For his report on his work on St. Lawrence Island, which represented a major and lasting revision of Eskimo culture history, Collins won a gold medal of the Royal Danish Academy of Sciences and Letters in 1936.
The report was issued as a Smithsonian publication under the title Archeology of St. Lawrence Island, Alaska, Smithsonian Miscellaneous Collections, volume 96, number 1. In 1948-1955, his field work expanded eastward to Baffin, Cornwallis, and Southampton islands and included further concerns with the development of Eskimo cultures, such as affinities with European Mesolithic and Siberian Neolithic cultures. In this and earlier work, Collins's field activities were supplemented by study of collections in many museums. Collins has also been quite active with several anthropological organizations.
He has served in several capacities with the International Congresses of Ethnological and Anthropological Sciences, including vice president of the second congress in Copenhagen in 1938, member of the permanent council in 1952, member of the organizing committee in charge of foreign delegations, and president of the seventh congress in Moscow in 1965. For the International Congress of Americanists, which met in Copenhagen in 1956, he served as an honorary vice president.
Collins also served in various capacities with the Arctic Institute of North America. A founding member in 1944, he was on its board of governors in 1944-1958, 1951-1956, and 1960-1965, and he served as the boardʹs chairman in 1948. In 1946, he became chairman of the directing committee of the Arctic Bibliography, an AINA project. In 1960, he was chairman of the advisory committee and also became chairman of the advisory committee for AINAʹs Russian Translation Project.
He was president of the Anthropological Society of Washington in 1938-1939 and vice president of the Society for American Archaeology in 1952. For the Ethnogeographic Board, a World War II agency, he served as assistant director in 1943-1944 and director in 1944-1946. In 1945, he was a member of the National Research Councilʹs Council on International Relations and Anthropology and had direct charge of delivering CARE packages to European anthropologists.
Register Available without charge from the National Anthropological Archives, Smithsonian Institution, Washington, D.C. 20560 Robert Lynn Montgomery Nigel Elmore, Register to the Papers of Henry Bascom Collins, National Anthropological Archives, 1994.
The papers were donated to the National Anthropological Archives by Henry Bascom Collins, Jr., in 1977.
PAPERS RELATING TO COLLINS'S PERSONAL RESEARCH, including (1) articles about Collins and his work, ca. 1932-1949; (2) documents about Collins, 1924-1981; (3) calendars; (4) incoming letters, 1922-1958; (5) outgoing letters, 1924-1958; (6) incoming letters from Collins's family, 1922-1932; (7) correspondence on specific subjects; (8) published papers, 1925-1976; (9) unpublished papers, 1924-1952; (10) reference information; (11) diaries; (12) material relating to Collins's archeological expeditions, 1922-1955; (13) material relating totravel; (14) manuscripts collected by Collins, 1730-1965; (15) cataloged reprints, 1840-1970; (16) uncataloged reprints, 1920-1975; (17) exhibits, ca. 1930-1973; (18) miscellany, 1930-1972; (198) drawings; (20) maps; (21) photographs, 1924-1965; (22) financial records; (23) sound recordings, 1977; PAPERS RELATING TO THE ARCTIC INSTITUTE OF NORTH AMERICA, including (24) general papers, 1944-1970; (25) papers relating to the board of governor, 1945-1956; (26) papers relating to committees, 1947-1970; (27) papers relating to the Arctic Bibliography and roster projects, 1947-1967; (28) papers relating to the Russian translation project, 1959-1968; (29) papers relating to projects supported by the AINA and Office of Naval Research; PAPERS RELATING TO THE COMMITTEE ON INTERNATIONAL RELATIONS IN ANTHROPOLOGY, including (30) general papers, 1945-1955; (31) papers relating to the Fifth International Congress of Anthropological and Ethnological Sciences, Philadelphia, 1956; (32) papers relating to CARE package distribution, 1948;
PAPERS RELATING TO OTHER ORGANIZATIONS, including (33) papers relating to the "Encyclopedia Arctic," 1947-1953; (34) papers relating to the Ethnogeographic Board, 1942-1950; (35) papers relating to the Bureau of American Ethnology, 1963-1965; (36) papers relating to the Smithsonian Office of Anthropological Research (SOAR); (37)(26) papers relating to the Bureau of American Ethnology; 1963-1965; (27) papers relating to the Smithsonian Office for Anthropological Research (SOAR), 1964; (28) papers relating to the Smithsonian Office of Anthropology (SOA), 1963-1966.papers relating to the Smithsonian Office of Anthropology (SOA); 1963-1966; (38) papers relating to the Center for the Study of Man, ca. 1968-1971; (39) papers relating to the Smithsonian Relief Association, 1924-1931; (40) papers relating to the council of the American Association for the Advancement of Science, 1953-1961; (41) papers relating to the Society for American Archaeology, 1934, 1939, 1984; (42) papers relating to the Early Sites Foundation, 1965-1968; (43) papers relating to the Explorer's Club, 1929-1937, 1981; (44) papers relating to the Congress of Anthropological and Ethnological Sciences, 1960-1973; (46) papers relating to the Alaskan Science Conference
The papers reflect the professional life of Henry Bascom Collins, Jr., including his curatorial and research duties at the Smithsonian and his activities with a several anthropological organizations, especially the Arctic Institute of North America. Some of the material are historical documents collected for reference purposes. Included are manuscripts by Walter Hough, T.W.R. MacRae and C.T.R. Bohannan, Riley D. Moore, Regis Du Roullet, and Thomas Wilson. In addition, there are numerous historical maps of Alaska and Canada. Collins also acquired photographs made on expeditions he did not join, including phtotographs by Moreau B.C. Chambers on the Smithsonian's 1931 expedition to Alaska, photograph by William E. Taylor and Bob Jasse on the 1951 Resolute Bay expedition, and photographs by Taylor and C.H. McNutt during the 1956 Southampton Island expedition.
Henry Bascom Collins Papers, National Anthropological Archives, Smithsonian Institution
National Anthropological Archives, Smithsonian Museum Support Center, Suitland, Maryland