Inscriptions on 09063711 read "Hawgone" and "Fanny". Inscriptions on 09063718 read "Hawgone" and "Patterson Willam William Patterson", with another illegible inscription. Inscription on 09063721 reads "Fort Sill OT Aug 21th 1893 Sergt James [...]". Inscription on 09063723 reads "E us su ok". Inscriptions on 09063726 read "Puague", "Kiahbon", and "Ehpah". Inscription on 09063727 reads "Tabbestty Drunk".
Bound volume of preprinted US Army forms for recording results of target practice, subsequently filled with drawings of courting, hunting, warfare, Saynday stories, and scenes from the Kiowa Sun Dance by Silver Horn and other Kiowa artists, probably all Army scouts. The book also contains a 30- page pictorial diary by Silver Horn, spanning the period between January 1893 to June 1897. The diary starts near the end of the book and proceeds from the back towards the front. Among the many names inscribed in the book are "Hawgone" (Silver Horn) and "Auchchiah," both of whom served in Troop L of the Seventh Cavalry, an all-Indian troop that was commanded by Scott. The manuscript contains 186 drawings, as well as a number of scribbled images. The pages are hand numbered, 5-356, in red ink in the upper left corner of each page. A second hand pagination in black ink runs from the back of the book toward the front, encompassing the last thirty pages of the book. Previous inscriptions in the book record the results of target practice at Fort Meade, Dakota Territory in 1884. Hugh Scott was stationed at Fort Meade between 1883 to 1886.
Biographical / Historical:
Silver Horn, Haungooah in Kiowa, was born in 1860. His name also appears as Hugone, Hangun or Hawgon. He was a member of a prominent Kiowa family. His residential band, led by his father Agiati (Gathering Feathers), actively opposed the governments efforts to confine the Kiowa to a reservation. Members of his family participated in the Red River War of 1874-1875 and were among the last Kiowa to surrender to the military. In 1891, Silver Horn enlisted in Troop L of the 7th U.S. Cavalry. He served with Troop L, which was part of broader experiment involving the enlistment of all-Indian troops, until 1894. In 1901, Silver Horn secured employment with James Mooney, an ethnologist with the Bureau of American Ethnology. Mooney was interested in the designs on Kiowa shields and tipis and hired Silver Horn to produce illustrations of the designs and models of the shields and tipis. The project provided Silver Horn with steady work between 1902 and 1904 and occassional employment between 1904 and 1906. Silver Horn also produced illustrations for Hugh Scott, an army officer and avocational ethnologist. Silver Horn was active in the religious life of the Kiowa. He was a Tsaidetalyi bundle keeper and participated in the Sun Dance, Ghost Dance, and Peyote religion. He was also a member of the Ohoma society. Silverhorn died on December 14, 1940. For additional biographic information on Silver Horn, see Candace Greene, Silver Horn: Master Illustrator of the Kiowas, University of Oklahoma Press, 2001.
Hugh Scott was a graduate of the United States Military Academy and served as an officer in the Seventh Cavalry. He was initially stationed in the Dakota Territory. There he learned Plains Indian sign language, a skill that enabled him to communicate more easily with the Cheyenne, Sioux, Crow, and Arikara scouts with whom he worked. He was transferred to Ft. Sill, Indian Territory in 1889. From 1891 to 1893, he commanded Troop L of the Seventh Cavalry, an all-Indian troop that was comprised primarily of Kiowa men. He was an avocational ethnologist and compiled a small collection of Plains Indian material during his service in the West, including paintings and drawings by Silver Horn. In 1911, he published illustrations redrawn from NAA MS 4252 in an article entitled Notes on the Kado, or Sun Dance of the Kiowa, which appeared in American Anthropologist. For additional information on Hugh Scott, see Candace Greene, Silver Horn Master Illustrator of the Kiowas, University of Oklahoma Press, 2001 and Hugh L. Scott, Some Memories of a Soldier, Century Company, 1928.
NAA MS 4252
OPPS NEG 1464-c
Information for the collection record was drawn from Candace Greene, Silver Horn Master Illustrator of the Kiowas, University of Oklahoma Press, 2001.
Four drawings of warfare on two loose pages torn from a ledger book. Other drawings from the same ledger were pasted into the donor's diary, which is now in the Special Collections Library at the US Military Academy at West Point. Bourke records there that the book was captured in June 1876 from a camp then believed to be Sioux. This encounter is now known as the Battle of the Rosebud, and the camp identified as Northern Cheyenne, not Sioux.
Biographical / Historical:
Col. John Gregory Bourke (1846-1896), a graduate of West Point, spent most of his military career in the Northern Plains under Brigadier General George Crook. After serving in these campaigns from 1869-1888, Bourke was given some time off from his military duties to study Indian people where he compiled ethnological accounts of the Apache and several other tribes in the Southwest. For more information on Bourke, see "John Gregory Bourke, Victorian Soldier-Scientist, the Western Apprenticeship, 1869-1886" by Joseph Charles Porter, PhD dissertation, University of Texas, Austin.
NAA MS 176,622
Catalog number 176,622-E was identified by Mrs. Karen D. Peterson as a drawing by Cheyenne artist Howling Wolf; and was exchanged with Mrs. A.B. Richardson (who owned the notebook to which this sketch belonged) through the Joslyn Art Museum, Omaha, Nebraska, September 28, 1966, for a drawing by Yellow Nose (USNM catalog Number 409,978). Catalog Numbers 176,622-F,-G are Numbers designated by R. Elder to cover two of the "seven pictographs" called for in the accession papers, when this set of drawings was separated and individually catalogued (1966); these last two drawings have not been located (1969).
MS 176622 000
Bourke, John G. Capt
Manuscript 176,622, National Anthropological Archives, Smithsonian Institution
Photographs of drawings made by Rudolph Friederich Kurz in his diary while traveling to the western fur trading posts on the Mississippi and upper Missouri Rivers (1846-1852). Most of the drawings depict American Indians, horses, artifacts, forts, and landscapes. The photographs were made or collected by David I. Bushnell in Berne, Switzerland, and are mounted for publication, probably in BAE Bulletin 115.
Rudolf Friedrich Kurz (1818-1871) was born to a successful Swiss banker and developed his painting skills through extensive studies in Bern and Paris. Inspired by the works of George Catlin, Kurz traveled to the United States in 1846 to visit the American Indians living on the Mississippi and Missouri Rivers. He documented this expedition through text and sketches in his journals, which were later published. In 1852, Kurz returned to Bern, where he taught art until his death in 1871.
Local Call Number(s):
NAA Photo Lot 2522-c
Location of Other Archival Materials:
The National Anthropological Archives also holds Bushnell's transcription of Kurz's journal (MS 2522-a), Myris Jarrell's translation of the journal (MS 2522-b), and related notes (MS 2522-d).
Numbered manuscripts 1850s-1980s (some earlier)
The collection is open for research.
Access to the collection requires an appointment.
Photo Lot 2522-c, Photographs of Rudolph Friedrich Kurz drawings, National Anthropological Archives, Smithsonian Institution
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Smithsonian Institution Archives
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