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Silver Horn pictorial diary, 1893 January-1897 June

view Silver Horn pictorial diary, 1893 January-1897 June digital asset number 1
Creator:
Silver Horn 1860-1940
Physical description:
30 pages : graphite, colored pencil, and ink ; 30 x 35 cm
Culture:
Kiowa Indians
Indians of North America Great Plains
Type:
Diaries
Ledger drawings
Date:
1893
1893 January-1897 June
Summary:
Inscriptions on 09063711 read "Hawgone" and "Fanny". Inscriptions on 09063718 read "Hawgone" and "Patterson Willam William Patterson", with another illegible inscription. Inscription on 09063721 reads "Fort Sill OT Aug 21th 1893 Sergt James [...]". Inscription on 09063723 reads "E us su ok". Inscriptions on 09063726 read "Puague", "Kiahbon", and "Ehpah". Inscription on 09063727 reads "Tabbestty Drunk".
Publications:
09063718: Candace S. Greene, Silver Horn Master Illustrator of the Kiowas, University of Oklahoma Press, 2001, (Fig. 7.5, p. 173)
Cite as:
Manuscript 4252, National Anthropological Archives, Smithsonian Institution
Local number:
NAA INV 09063701-09063730
OPPS NEG 92-10977, 92-11278 - 92-1128, 92-11303 - 92-11308, 92-11303 - 92-11308, 92-11310 - 92-11311, 92-11313 - 92-11317, 92-11323, 92-11328, 92-11330 - 92-11331, 92-11333 - 92-11341
NAA MS 4252
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Military target record book containing drawings by Silver Horn and others and a pictorial diary by Silver Horn ca. 1884-1897
Data Source:
National Anthropological Archives

Military target record book containing drawings by Silver Horn and others and a pictorial diary by Silver Horn, ca. 1884-1897

view Military target record book containing drawings by Silver Horn and others and a pictorial diary by Silver Horn, ca. 1884-1897 digital asset number 1
Creator:
Silver Horn 1860-1940
Physical description:
1 volume of 186 drawings (129 leaves) : graphite, colored pencil, watercolor, ink ; 35 x 30 cm
Culture:
Kiowa Indians
Indians of North America Great Plains
Type:
Ledger drawings
Collection descriptions
Diaries
Date:
1884
ca 1884-1897
Notes:
Silver Horn, Haungooah in Kiowa, was born in 1860. His name also appears as Hugone, Hangun or Hawgon. He was a member of a prominent Kiowa family. His residential band, led by his father Agiati (Gathering Feathers), actively opposed the governments efforts to confine the Kiowa to a reservation. Members of his family participated in the Red River War of 1874-1875 and were among the last Kiowa to surrender to the military. In 1891, Silver Horn enlisted in Troop L of the 7th U.S. Cavalry. He served with Troop L, which was part of broader experiment involving the enlistment of all-Indian troops, until 1894. In 1901, Silver Horn secured employment with James Mooney, an ethnologist with the Bureau of American Ethnology. Mooney was interested in the designs on Kiowa shields and tipis and hired Silver Horn to produce illustrations of the designs and models of the shields and tipis. The project provided Silver Horn with steady work between 1902 and 1904 and occassional employment between 1904 and 1906. Silver Horn also produced illustrations for Hugh Scott, an army officer and avocational ethnologist. Silver Horn was active in the religious life of the Kiowa. He was a Tsaidetalyi bundle keeper and participated in the Sun Dance, Ghost Dance, and Peyote religion. He was also a member of the Ohoma society. Silverhorn died on December 14, 1940. For additional biographic information on Silver Horn, see Candace Greene, Silver Horn: Master Illustrator of the Kiowas, University of Oklahoma Press, 2001.
Hugh Scott was a graduate of the United States Military Academy and served as an officer in the Seventh Cavalry. He was initially stationed in the Dakota Territory. There he learned Plains Indian sign language, a skill that enabled him to communicate more easily with the Cheyenne, Sioux, Crow, and Arikara scouts with whom he worked. He was transferred to Ft. Sill, Indian Territory in 1889. From 1891 to 1893, he commanded Troop L of the Seventh Cavalry, an all-Indian troop that was comprised primarily of Kiowa men. He was an avocational ethnologist and compiled a small collection of Plains Indian material during his service in the West, including paintings and drawings by Silver Horn. In 1911, he published illustrations redrawn from NAA MS 4252 in an article entitled Notes on the Kado, or Sun Dance of the Kiowa, which appeared in American Anthropologist. For additional information on Hugh Scott, see Candace Greene, Silver Horn Master Illustrator of the Kiowas, University of Oklahoma Press, 2001 and Hugh L. Scott, Some Memories of a Soldier, Century Company, 1928.
Summary:
Bound volume of preprinted US Army forms for recording results of target practice, subsequently filled with drawings of courting, hunting, warfare, Saynday stories, and scenes from the Kiowa Sun Dance by Silver Horn and other Kiowa artists, probably all Army scouts. The book also contains a 30- page pictorial diary by Silver Horn, spanning the period between January 1893 to June 1897. The diary starts near the end of the book and proceeds from the back towards the front. Among the many names inscribed in the book are "Hawgone" (Silver Horn) and "Auchchiah," both of whom served in Troop L of the Seventh Cavalry, an all-Indian troop that was commanded by Scott. The manuscript contains 186 drawings, as well as a number of scribbled images. The pages are hand numbered, 5-356, in red ink in the upper left corner of each page. A second hand pagination in black ink runs from the back of the book toward the front, encompassing the last thirty pages of the book. Previous inscriptions in the book record the results of target practice at Fort Meade, Dakota Territory in 1884. Hugh Scott was stationed at Fort Meade between 1883 to 1886.
Publications:
Many of the Sun Dance images are published with explanations in Notes on the Kado, or Sun Dance of the Kiowa, American Anthropologist n.s. 13(3): 345-79, Hugh L. Scott, 1911. Several of the Saynday images are published with associated stories in Saynday Was Coming Along, Smithsonian Institution Traveling Exhibition Service, Candace Greene and Frederick Reuss, 1993
Cite as:
Manuscript 4252, National Anthropological Archives, Smithsonian Institution
Topic:
Language and languages--Documentation
Local number:
NAA MS 4252
OPPS NEG 1464-c
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Military target record book containing drawings by Silver Horn and others and a pictorial diary by Silver Horn ca. 1884-1897
Data Source:
National Anthropological Archives
Additional Online Media:

Silver Horn drawing of Sun Dancer, ca. 1884-1897

view Silver Horn drawing of Sun Dancer, ca. 1884-1897 digital asset number 1
Creator:
Silver Horn 1860-1940
Physical description:
1 drawing : graphite and watercolor ; 35 x 30 cm
Culture:
Kiowa Indians
Indians of North America Great Plains
Type:
Ledger drawings
Date:
1884
ca 1884-1897
Summary:
Inscriptions read "Mark Auchchiah" and "Lizzie."
Cite as:
Manuscript 4252, National Anthropological Archives, Smithsonian Institution
Local number:
NAA INV 09057200
OPPS NEG 92-11447
NAA MS 4252
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Military target record book containing drawings by Silver Horn and others and a pictorial diary by Silver Horn ca. 1884-1897
Data Source:
National Anthropological Archives

Anonymous Kiowa drawing of schematic view of landscape, ca. 1884-1897

view Anonymous Kiowa drawing of schematic view of landscape, ca. 1884-1897 digital asset number 1
Physical description:
1 drawing : graphite, watercolor, and ink ; 30 x 35 cm
Culture:
Kiowa Indians
Indians of North America Great Plains
Type:
Ledger drawings
Date:
1884
ca 1884-1897
Cite as:
Manuscript 4252, National Anthropological Archives, Smithsonian Institution
Local number:
OPPS NEG 92-11354
NAA INV 09057400
NAA MS 4252
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Military target record book containing drawings by Silver Horn and others and a pictorial diary by Silver Horn ca. 1884-1897
Data Source:
National Anthropological Archives

Anonymous Kiowa drawing of three warriors, ca. 1884-1897

view Anonymous Kiowa drawing of three warriors, ca. 1884-1897 digital asset number 1
Physical description:
1 drawing : graphite and watercolor ; 30 x 35 cm
Culture:
Kiowa Indians
Indians of North America Great Plains
Type:
Ledger drawings
Date:
1884
ca 1884-1897
Cite as:
Manuscript 4252, National Anthropological Archives, Smithsonian Institution
Local number:
NAA INV 09057500
OPPS NEG 92-11377
NAA MS 4252
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Military target record book containing drawings by Silver Horn and others and a pictorial diary by Silver Horn ca. 1884-1897
Data Source:
National Anthropological Archives

Anonymous Kiowa unfinished drawing of two men, ca. 1884-1897

view Anonymous Kiowa unfinished drawing of two men, ca. 1884-1897 digital asset number 1
Physical description:
1 drawing : graphite and watercolor ; 30 x 35 cm
Culture:
Kiowa Indians
Indians of North America Great Plains
Type:
Ledger drawings
Date:
1884
ca 1884-1897
Cite as:
Manuscript 4252, National Anthropological Archives, Smithsonian Institution
Local number:
OPPS NEG 92-11291
NAA INV 09058200
NAA MS 4252
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Military target record book containing drawings by Silver Horn and others and a pictorial diary by Silver Horn ca. 1884-1897
Data Source:
National Anthropological Archives

Anonymous Kiowa unfinished drawing of man holding fan, ca. 1884-1897

view Anonymous Kiowa unfinished drawing of man holding fan, ca. 1884-1897 digital asset number 1
Physical description:
1 drawing : graphite and watercolor ; 35 x 30 cm
Culture:
Kiowa Indians
Indians of North America Great Plains
Type:
Ledger drawings
Date:
1884
ca 1884-1897
Summary:
Inscription reads "Em su ah".
Cite as:
Manuscript 4252, National Anthropological Archives, Smithsonian Institution
Local number:
OPPS NEG 92-11384
NAA INV 09058300
NAA MS 4252
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Military target record book containing drawings by Silver Horn and others and a pictorial diary by Silver Horn ca. 1884-1897
Data Source:
National Anthropological Archives

Anonymous Kiowa drawing of horse, ca. 1884-1897

view Anonymous Kiowa drawing of horse, ca. 1884-1897 digital asset number 1
Physical description:
1 drawing : graphite ; 30 x 35 cm
Culture:
Kiowa Indians
Indians of North America Great Plains
Type:
Ledger drawings
Date:
1884
ca 1884-1897
Cite as:
Manuscript 4252, National Anthropological Archives, Smithsonian Institution
Local number:
NAA INV 09058800
OPPS NEG 92-11299
NAA MS 4252
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Military target record book containing drawings by Silver Horn and others and a pictorial diary by Silver Horn ca. 1884-1897
Data Source:
National Anthropological Archives

Silver Horn drawing of two beaded cradleboards, ca. 1884-1897

view Silver Horn drawing of two beaded cradleboards, ca. 1884-1897 digital asset number 1
Creator:
Silver Horn 1860-1940
Physical description:
1 drawing : graphite and watercolor ; 30 x 35 cm
Culture:
Kiowa Indians
Indians of North America Great Plains
Type:
Ledger drawings
Date:
1884
ca 1884-1897
Cite as:
Manuscript 4252, National Anthropological Archives, Smithsonian Institution
Local number:
NAA INV 09059000
OPPS NEG 92-11438
NAA MS 4252
See more items in:
Military target record book containing drawings by Silver Horn and others and a pictorial diary by Silver Horn ca. 1884-1897
Data Source:
National Anthropological Archives

Anonymous Kiowa drawing of man and woman, ca. 1884-1897

view Anonymous Kiowa drawing of man and woman, ca. 1884-1897 digital asset number 1
Physical description:
1 drawing : graphite and watercolor ; 30 x 35 cm
Culture:
Kiowa Indians
Indians of North America Great Plains
Type:
Ledger drawings
Date:
1884
ca 1884-1897
Summary:
Inscription reads "Auchchiah."
Cite as:
Manuscript 4252, National Anthropological Archives, Smithsonian Institution
Local number:
NAA INV 09059100
OPPS NEG 92-11362
NAA MS 4252
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Military target record book containing drawings by Silver Horn and others and a pictorial diary by Silver Horn ca. 1884-1897
Data Source:
National Anthropological Archives

Silver Horn drawing of man entering sweatlodge, ca. 1884-1897

view Silver Horn drawing of man entering sweatlodge, ca. 1884-1897 digital asset number 1
Creator:
Silver Horn 1860-1940
Physical description:
1 drawing : graphite and watercolor ; 30 x 35 cm
Culture:
Kiowa Indians
Indians of North America Great Plains
Type:
Ledger drawings
Date:
1884
ca 1884-1897
Cite as:
Manuscript 4252, National Anthropological Archives, Smithsonian Institution
Local number:
NAA INV 09059300
OPPS NEG 92-11381
NAA MS 4252
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Military target record book containing drawings by Silver Horn and others and a pictorial diary by Silver Horn ca. 1884-1897
Data Source:
National Anthropological Archives

Anonymous Kiowa drawing of man with bow, ca. 1884-1897

view Anonymous Kiowa drawing of man with bow, ca. 1884-1897 digital asset number 1
Physical description:
1 drawing : graphite, colored pencil, and watercolor ; 30 x 35 cm
Culture:
Kiowa Indians
Indians of North America Great Plains
Type:
Ledger drawings
Date:
1884
ca 1884-1897
Cite as:
Manuscript 4252, National Anthropological Archives, Smithsonian Institution
Local number:
NAA INV 09060300
NAA MS 4252
OPPS NEG 92-11379
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Military target record book containing drawings by Silver Horn and others and a pictorial diary by Silver Horn ca. 1884-1897
Data Source:
National Anthropological Archives

Anonymous Kiowa drawing of horse or mule, ca. 1884-1897

view Anonymous Kiowa drawing of horse or mule, ca. 1884-1897 digital asset number 1
Physical description:
1 drawing : graphite and watercolor ; 30 x 35 cm
Culture:
Kiowa Indians
Indians of North America Great Plains
Type:
Ledger drawings
Date:
1884
ca 1884-1897
Summary:
Inscription reads "NoJood."
Cite as:
Manuscript 4252, National Anthropological Archives, Smithsonian Institution
Local number:
NAA INV 09060800
NAA MS 4252
OPPS NEG 92-11370
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Military target record book containing drawings by Silver Horn and others and a pictorial diary by Silver Horn ca. 1884-1897
Data Source:
National Anthropological Archives

Silver Horn drawing of deer and two medallions, ca. 1884-1897

view Silver Horn drawing of deer and two medallions, ca. 1884-1897 digital asset number 1
Creator:
Silver Horn 1860-1940
Physical description:
1 drawing : graphite and watercolor ; 30 x 35 cm
Culture:
Kiowa Indians
Indians of North America Great Plains
Type:
Ledger drawings
Date:
1884
ca 1884-1897
Cite as:
Manuscript 4252, National Anthropological Archives, Smithsonian Institution
Local number:
NAA INV 09060900
NAA MS 4252
OPPS NEG 92-11320
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Military target record book containing drawings by Silver Horn and others and a pictorial diary by Silver Horn ca. 1884-1897
Data Source:
National Anthropological Archives

Silver Horn drawing of man with a bow, ca. 1884-1897

view Silver Horn drawing of man with a bow, ca. 1884-1897 digital asset number 1
Creator:
Silver Horn 1860-1940
Physical description:
1 drawing : graphite and watercolor ; 35 x 30 cm
Culture:
Kiowa Indians
Indians of North America Great Plains
Type:
Ledger drawings
Date:
1884
ca 1884-1897
Cite as:
Manuscript 4252, National Anthropological Archives, Smithsonian Institution
Local number:
NAA INV 09061100
OPPS NEG 92-11297
NAA MS 4252
See more items in:
Military target record book containing drawings by Silver Horn and others and a pictorial diary by Silver Horn ca. 1884-1897
Data Source:
National Anthropological Archives

Anonymous Kiowa drawing of single figure, ca. 1884-1897

view Anonymous Kiowa drawing of single figure, ca. 1884-1897 digital asset number 1
Physical description:
1 drawing : graphite and watercolor ; 35 x 30 cm
Culture:
Kiowa Indians
Indians of North America Great Plains
Type:
Ledger drawings
Date:
1884
ca 1884-1897
Cite as:
Manuscript 4252, National Anthropological Archives, Smithsonian Institution
Local number:
NAA INV 09061200
OPPS NEG 92-11316
NAA MS 4252
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Military target record book containing drawings by Silver Horn and others and a pictorial diary by Silver Horn ca. 1884-1897
Data Source:
National Anthropological Archives

Anonymous Kiowa drawing of a horse, ca. 1884-1897

view Anonymous Kiowa drawing of a horse, ca. 1884-1897 digital asset number 1
Physical description:
1 drawing : graphite and watercolor ; 30 x 35 cm
Culture:
Kiowa Indians
Indians of North America Great Plains
Type:
Ledger drawings
Date:
1884
ca 1884-1897
Cite as:
Manuscript 4252, National Anthropological Archives, Smithsonian Institution
Local number:
NAA INV 09061400
OPPS NEG 92-11319
NAA MS 4252
See more items in:
Military target record book containing drawings by Silver Horn and others and a pictorial diary by Silver Horn ca. 1884-1897
Data Source:
National Anthropological Archives

Anonymous Kiowa unfinished drawing of man and woman, ca. 1884-1897

view Anonymous Kiowa unfinished drawing of man and woman, ca. 1884-1897 digital asset number 1
Physical description:
1 drawing : graphite and watercolor ; 30 x 35 cm
Culture:
Kiowa Indians
Indians of North America Great Plains
Type:
Ledger drawings
Date:
1884
ca 1884-1897
Cite as:
Manuscript 4252, National Anthropological Archives, Smithsonian Institution
Local number:
NAA INV 09061500
OPPS NEG 92-11290
NAA MS 4252
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Military target record book containing drawings by Silver Horn and others and a pictorial diary by Silver Horn ca. 1884-1897
Data Source:
National Anthropological Archives

Anonymous Kiowa drawing of two figures wrestling, ca. 1884-1897

view Anonymous Kiowa drawing of two figures wrestling, ca. 1884-1897 digital asset number 1
Physical description:
1 drawing : graphite and watercolor ; 30 x 35 cm
Culture:
Kiowa Indians
Indians of North America Great Plains
Type:
Ledger drawings
Date:
1884
ca 1884-1897
Cite as:
Manuscript 4252, National Anthropological Archives, Smithsonian Institution
Local number:
NAA INV 09061600
OPPS NEG 92-11324
NAA MS 4252
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Military target record book containing drawings by Silver Horn and others and a pictorial diary by Silver Horn ca. 1884-1897
Data Source:
National Anthropological Archives

Anonymous Kiowa drawing of man and turkey, ca. 1884-1897

view Anonymous Kiowa drawing of man and turkey, ca. 1884-1897 digital asset number 1
Physical description:
1 drawing : graphite and watercolor ; 30 x 35 cm
Culture:
Kiowa Indians
Indians of North America Great Plains
Type:
Ledger drawings
Date:
1884
ca 1884-1897
Cite as:
Manuscript 4252, National Anthropological Archives, Smithsonian Institution
Local number:
NAA INV 09061800
OPPS NEG 92-11289
NAA MS 4252
See more items in:
Military target record book containing drawings by Silver Horn and others and a pictorial diary by Silver Horn ca. 1884-1897
Data Source:
National Anthropological Archives

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