Charles E. Doty photographs made in Cuba and the Philippines, circa 1898-1912
Doty, Charles Edward 1862-1921
De la Carreros, Gomes
Estrada Palma, Tomás 1835-1908
Bilibid Prison (Manila, Philippines)
United States Army
circa 509 glass negatives and positives
Havana Bay (Cuba)
Charles Edward Doty (1862-1921) was born in Ohio and began his career as a portrait photographer in Hamilton. He joined Company C of the 2nd US Volunteer Engineers as the company's photographer and traveled to Cuba with the unit. Following the Spanish-American War, Doty was a civilian employee posted with the Engineers Department, Division (later Department) of Havana, Military Government of Cuba. As the "official photographer of the United States government in Havana," his duties included documenting the modernization of Cuba under American governorship. Though Doty's work was interrupted by the termination of military govenrment in 1902, he returned during renewed American control in 1907-1908. In 1904, Doty entered the Philippine civil service, where he worked as a photoengraver for the Bureau of Printing. Aside from a break in 1907-1908, he remained in the Philippines until 1920, when illness forced his return to the United States.
Photographs made and collected by Charles Edward Doty during his time stationed in Cuba (1899-1902) and the Philippines (1904-1906). Some of the Cuban photographs are marked by the Engineer's Department, with which Doty was employed, and some may relate to his official activities. The bulk of the photographs document the city of Havana as well as the harbor and ships (including wreckage of the USS Maine), American military personnel and installations, Spanish forts, a garotting machine and demonstration of its use, and the inauguration of President Tomas Estrada Palma. There are also images of reconcentradoes, farm families, and people involved in transportation, industry, and commerce. Most of the photographs were taken by Doty, but a few were obtained from other photographers, including a Mr. Miles and Gomez de la Carreros.
Doty's recreational photographs taken in the Philippines document the old walls and gates of Manila, churches, Bilibid prison, and Fort Santiago. There are also some portraits of Filipinos.
Photo lot 73-26A, Charles E. Doty photographs made in Cuba and the Philippines, National Anthropological Archives, Smithsonian Institution
Lantern slides of Brazil, Cuba, and Costa Rica, 1919-1926
137 lantern slides
São Paulo (Brazil)
Rio de Janeiro (Brazil)
Photographs, probably made by a tourist, documenting architecture and city scenes in Havana, Cuba (1919); San Jose and Port Simon, Costa Rica (1926); and Rio de Janeiro and Sao Paulo, Brazil. Some images depict agriculture and religious subjects, including those of an experimental agriculture station in Cuba, the coffee industry in Brazil, and a Jesuit school in Costa Rica. Also included in the collection are photographs made in Barbados (1923), Charlotte Amalie in the Virgin Islands, and India, as well as slides of astronomical charts.
Photo Lot 142, Lantern slides of Brazil, Cuba, and Costa Rica, National Anthropological Archives, Smithsonian Institution
Photographs of Mexico and Latin America, circa 1895-1907
Holmes, William Henry 1846-1933
Jackson, William Henry 1843-1942
Doty, Charles Edward 1862-1921
Kildare, Edward James
Matteson, Sumner W. 1867-1920
Waite, C. B (Charles Betts) 1861-1927
circa 150 prints : silver gelatin and albumen
1 print : halftone
William Henry Holmes (1846-1933) was an artist, geologist, and archeologist who spent most of his career with the United States Geological Survey of the Territories, United States Geological Survey, Bureau of American Ethnology, and Department of Anthropology of the Smithsonian. From 1894-1897, he was the head of anthropology at the Field Columbian Museum (Field Museum of Natural History) and on the staff of the University of Chicago. During this time, he carried out investigations of ancient ruins in the Yucatan and other areas of Mesoamerica as a member of an expedition of Allison V. Armour. Holmes served as head curator for the US National Museum Department of Anthropology from 1897-1902 and head of the BAE from 1902-1909.
William Henry Jackson was a photographer for the US Geological and Geographical Surveys (1870-1878) before he opened a studio in Denver, Colorado, and began making official photographs for various railroad companies. In 1883, he made his first trip to Mexico under the sponsorship of the Mexican Central Railway. On one of his subsequent trips, he was accompanied by William Henry Holmes, who may have collected Jackson's photographs because of this trip.
Photographs documenting Mexican people in their built and natural environments, as well as industries, markets, and agriculture. The photographs were originally contained in envelopes labeled by William Henry Holmes, who may have collected them during his travels to Mexico. The collection also includes some photographs made in Cuba, Guatemala, and Chile, as well as Holmes's notes on Argentina. The bulk of the photographs were made by William Henry Jackson; additional photographs were made by Charles Edward Doty, E. J. Kildare, Sumner W. Matteson, C. B. Waite, and Corral and Parker studios.
Photo Lot 87-20, Photographs of Mexico and Latin America, National Anthropological Archives, Smithsonian Institution
Hale G. Smith photographs of archeological excavations, circa 1937-1953
Smith, Hale G
103 prints : silver gelatin
128 negatives : acetate
133 35 mm negatives : acetate
34 copy negatives
Hale G. Smith founded the Department of Anthropology at Florida State University and was one of the first Spanish colonial historical archaeologists in the Southeast.
Photographs made by Hale G. Smith documenting archeological excavations in the United States, Cuba, Haiti, the Canal Zone, and Panama. Included are images of archeological excavations, filming equipment, Smith's friends and fellow archeologists, maps, skeletons and burials, carved pictoglyphs, pottery, projectile points, tools, shells, field camps, aerial views of Haiti, basket making in Panama, and copies of photographs published in "The First Floridians," sent to Smith by Robert Brown.
Photo Lot 87-30, Hale G. Smith photographs of archeological excavations, National Anthropological Archives, Smithsonian Institution
Herbert William Krieger Papers 1790s-1950s; 1920s-1950s
Krieger, Herbert William 1889-1970
Boas, Franz 1858-1942
Briggs, C. F
Cambiaso, R. D
Clark, Charles Upson 1875-1960
Booy, Theodore de
Lashmitt, Ivan de
Drierden, J. E
Folkmar, Daniel 1861-1932
Harris, J. R
Harding, H. T
Hough, Walter 1859-1935
Hrdlička, Aleš 1869-1943
Judd, Neil Merton 1887-1976
Mason, Otis Tufton 1838-1908
Putnam, Frederic Ward
Spinden, Herbert J
Stern, T. B
Abbot, Charles G
Archer, William Andrew
Barry, J. Neilson
Boekelman, H. J
Brown, O. M
Cooper, John Montgomery Fr 1881-1949
Cressman, Luther Sheeleigh
Ewers, John C (John Canfield) 1909-1997
Felts, Wayne M
Fewkes, Jesse Walter 1850-1930
Franco, Jose L
Higgins, B. B
Hough, Walter 1859-1935
Hrdlička, Aleš 1869-1943
Kroeber, A. L (Alfred Louis) 1876-1960
Langille, W. A
Laudermilk, J. D
Lawrence, Donald B
Costells, J. Martinez
Nelson, Nels Christian
Packard, E. L
Palm, Erwin W
Parkes, George A
Setzler, Frank M (Frank Maryl) 1902-1975
Sexton, Charles E
Skinner, H. D
Stewart, T. D (Thomas Dale) 1901-1997
Thomas, E. H
Waterman, T. T (Thomas Talbot) b. 1885
Weltfish, Gene 1902-1980
Wetmore, Alexander 1886-1978
Wright, L. S
Waterman, T. T (Thomas Talbot) b. 1885
Archer, William Andrew
Bartleman, Richard M
Brown, S. C
Chandlee, W. E
Chapman, John W Rev
Collins, Henry Bascom 1899-1987
Cook, W. A
Doty, Charles Edward 1862-1921
Miller, E. Y
Miller, Hugo H
Moore, Riley D
Niblack, Albert Parker Ensign
Sigourney, W. S
Spencer, S. A
Worcester, Dean Conant
Abbott, William Louis 1860-1936
Boleter, Frank M
Gatschet, Albert S (Albert Samuel) 1832-1907
Gilfillan, Joseph Alexander
Hillers, John K. 1843-1925
Holmes, William Henry 1846-1933
Hough, Walter 1859-1935
Jackson, William Henry
James, George Wharton
Matteson, Sumner W
Mindeleff, Cosmos 1863-
Moorhouse, Lee Major
Raven, Henry Cushier 1889-1944
Rice, Arthur P
Robertson, Mrs. T. C
Turner, Lucien McShan
Ward, Fanny B
Wittick, G. Ben
Smithsonian Institution Department of Anthropology Division of Ethnology
14 linear feet
Indians of North America Subarctic
Herbert William Krieger joined the staff of the United States National Museum's Department of Anthropology as assistant curator of ethnology in 1924, and he became curator of ethnology in 1925. In spite of his position, much of his field work was carried out in archeology. In 1927, for the Bureau of American Ethnology, he examined the feasibility of restoring Old Kasaan on Prince of Wales Island, Alaska, and carried out archeological reconnaissance along the Columbia River. In the following year, he continued reconnaissance work, first along the middle Yukon River and then, again, along the Columbia. In the former area, he also collected a few random notes on living Athapascan Indians and in both areas he carried out several excavations.
In 1934, for the Bureau of Indian Affairs and the Public Works Administration, he carried out salvage archeological work near Bonneville, Oregon. As a pastime, during the 1930s, he carried out reconnaissance along the lower Potomac River. Krieger's major work, however, lay to the south among the problems of Caribbean archeology. Between 1928 and 1937 and from 1947 to 1952, he concerned himself with sites visited by Columbus and attempts to plot areas previously occupied by the Arawak, Carib, and other tribes.
His studies involved examinations of both historic and prehistoric Spanish and Indian settlements in Haiti, Cuba, the Dominican Republic, the Virgin Islands, and the Bahamas. Based on these, he published several articles and books, including Archeological and Historical Investigations in Samana, Dominican Republic, United States National Museum Bulletin 156, 1931, and Aboriginal Indian Pottery of the Dominican Republic, United States National Museum Bulletin 156, 1931. He was also a participant in several conferences concerned with the archeology, ethnology, and history of the Caribbean area.
In addition to his field work and administrative duties as head of the Division of Ethnology, Krieger worked with the Museum's ethnological collections and published several articles based on them. He also became involved in the renovation of the division's public areas so that "the antiquated and overcrowed exhibits should be replaced by modern exhibits in which art and science are blended". Much of the effort for this was carried out by Krieger's associate curator John Canfield Ewers.
Having a special interest in the Philippines and western Oceania that grew from his early service as a teacher in Manila, Krieger also produced studies of the people of the Philippines and the islands of the western Pacific for the Smithsonian's War Backgroud Studies series during World War II. He also worked on a volume "The Islands of New Japan, " but it was never published.
The papers include correspondence, memoranda, administrative materials, press releases, notes, notebooks, manuscripts of writings, cartographic materials, sketches, bibliographies, lists of specimens, printed and processed materials, and photographs and other illustrations. Virtually all major phases of Krieger's curatorial career are documented in some way. Because he incorporated administrative and curatorial material, portions of his papers virtually represent records of the Division of Ethnology for his tenure as curator. Except for photographs, however, there is not a great deal of original field material for any one phase of Krieger's activities. Notably, there are few field materials such as notebooks or cartographic items relating to his many archeological expeditions.
Searches for these have proved unsuccessful. Krieger collected correspondence or other material of Frank Beckwith, Franz Boas, Ferdinand Blumentritt, C. F. Briggs, R. D. Cambiaso, Leonard Carmichael, Charles Upson Clark, Theodoor de Booy, Ivan de Lashmitt, J. E. Drierden, Daniel Folkmar, J. R. Harris, H. T. Harding, Walter Hough, Ales Hrdlicka, Neil Merton Judd, Otis Tufton Mason, Grace Nicholson, Frederic Ward Putnam, Herbert J. Spinden, and T. B. Stern. For his work at Indian villages on Prince of Wales Island, Krieger acquired the 1922 notes on houses and totem poles of Thomas T. Waterman, who had surveyed the area for the Bureau of American Ethnology.
In addition to his own photographs, Krieger's collection includes images made or collected by William A. Archer, R. M. Bartleman, S. C. Brown, Jose Carbonell, W. E. Chandlee, John W. Chapman, Henry Bascom Collins, W. A. Cook, Charles Edward Doty, E. Y. Miller, Hugo H. Miller, Riley D. Moore, E. Moros, Albert Parker Niblack, Brovislav Pilsudski, W. S. Sigourney, S. A. Spencer, and Dean C. Worchester.
A small series of photographs showing habitations in North America, Africa, Asia, and South America include images made or collected by William Louis Abbott, Frank M. Boleter, Frances Densmore, William Dinwiddie, Albert Samuel Gatschet, Joseph Alexander Gilfillan, John K. Hillers, William Henry Holmes, Walter Hough, William Henry Jackson, George Wharton James, Sumner W. Matteson, Cosmos Mindeleff, Lee Moorhouse, Henry Cushier Raven, Arthur P. Rice, Mrs. T. C. Robertson, the Russell Brothers, Lucien McShan Turner, Fanny B. Ward, and G. Ben Wittick.
Herbert William Krieger Papers, National Anthropological Archives, Smithsonian Institution
C. Earle Smith, Jr. papers, 1942-1998, bulk 1960s-1997
Smith, C. Earle (Claude Earle) 1922-1987
Cutler, Hugh C. 1912-1998
Byers, Douglas Swain
Flannery, Kent Vaughn
MacNeish, Richard S
Mangelsdorf, Paul C (Paul Christoph) 1899-
Roosevelt, Anna Curtenius
Snarskis, Michael J (Michael Jay)
8 linear feet (20 document boxes plus 1 restricted box)
Oaxaca (Mexico : State)
Guilá Naquitz Cave (Mexico)
Asunción Nochixtlán (Mexico)
Mexico, Valley of (Mexico)
Guitarrero Cave (Peru)
Huaylas, Callejón de (Peru)
Galgada Site (Peru)
Cañete River Valley (Peru)
Bat Cave (Catron County, New Mexico)
Fort Confederation (Ala.)
Russell Cave National Monument (Ala.)
Claude Earle Smith, Jr. was one of the founders of the modern field of archaeobotany. Known as "Smitty" by his friends, he was born on March 8, 1922 in Boston, Massachusetts and raised in Orlando, Florida. He was trained as an economic botanist at Harvard University, where he earned his bachelor's (1949), master's (1951), and doctorate (1953) in botany. As a student at Harvard in 1948, he was sent by Paul C. Manglesdorf to excavate Bat Cave, New Mexico, where he and Herbert Dick, another Harvard student, discovered the earliest remains of corn. Smith later served as botanist at various archaeological sites in Latin America, working with Richard MacNeish in Tehuacán Valley; Kent Flannery in Oaxaca Valley; Paul Tolstoy in the Basin of Mexico; Ronald Spores in Nochixtlan; Terence Grieder in La Galgada, Peru; Thomas Lynch in Callejón de Huaylas, Peru; Joyce Marcus in Cañeta Valley, Peru; Anna Roosevelt in the Middle Orinoco area of Venezuela; and Michael J. Snarskis in Costa Rica. He also conducted ethnobotanical fieldwork in the Yucatán, Panama, the United States, Europe, Southeast Asia, Africa, the Pacific, and Australia. From 1953 to 1958, Smith served as assistant curator of botany at the Academy of Natural Sciences of Philadelphia and as acting director of the Taylor Memorial Arboretum. He was also a curator of botany at the Field Museum of Natural History (1959-61) and Senior Research Botanist for the Agricultural Research Service at the U.S. Department of Agriculture (1962-69). In 1970, Smith took a faculty position in the anthropology and biology departments at the University of Alabama, Tuscaloosa and was acting chair of the anthropology department between 1981 and 1986. He served as president of the Society for Economic Botany in 1979. At the age of 65, Smith was killed in an automobile accident on October 19, 1987.
This collection documents the research and professional activities of C. Earle Smith, Jr. through correspondence, research notes, data, manuscripts, publications, and photographs. Represented in the collection is his fieldwork in Mexico, Peru, Venezuela, and Costa Rica. Among his research files is a cotton specimen from Guila Nacquitz Cave. The only materials pertaining to his early work in Bat Cave are a few pages of notes and articles about his discovery of early corn remains. In fact, most of the collection dates from the 1960s up to his death in 1987. There is, however, some correspondence dated after his death regarding the return of specimens that he had been analyzing for others. The collection also contains his files as a professor at the University of Alabama; papers he presented; talks that he gave; photographs of plant remains; and drawings of botanical specimens from Encyclopédie méthodique and multiple volumes of Transactions of the Linnean Society . His correspondence make up the bulk of the collection and can be found throughout the series. He corresponded with eminent figures in the fields of anthropology and botany, including Kent V. Flannery, Richard MacNeish, Paul Mangelsdorf, and other colleagues.
Accretion 2014-09 consists of correspondence, manuscripts, notes, and field notebooks for his work at Bat Cave and other sites. This accretion is unprocessed.
C. Earle Smith, Jr. papers, National Anthropological Archives, Smithsonian Institution
Harris M. McLaughlin photographs of the Americas and Asia, circa 1898-1941
McLaughlin, Harris M
Lindbergh, Charles A (Charles Augustus) 1902-1974
circa 370 prints : silver gelatin (including photographic postcards)
12 mounted prints : albumen
8 prints : photogravure
12 postcards : color halftone, halftone, and color collotype
2 color prints
1 panoramic print : color halftone
1 print : collotype
5 35 mm negative rolls : nitrate
2 35 mm positive rolls : nitrate
Tohono O'Odham Indians
Indians of North America Southwest, New
San Antonio (Tex.)
Chichén Itzá Site (Mexico)
Photographs made and collected by Harris M. McLaughlin during his travels in the American southwest and other parts of North and South America, as well as Asia and Europe. Photographs made in Texas include images of the 1928 American Legion National Convention, the dirigible "Los Angeles" floating over San Antonio, the first train in Rio Grande City, cowboys and ranchers, missions, and city and scenic views. McLaughlin also took photographs at the Grand Canyon, Canyon del Muerto, Bryce Canyon, and Zion National Park, and collected Frashers Foto postcards with photographs of Apache Indians, Navajo Indians, a Papago dwelling, a Pueblo potterymaker, and a Hopi Snake Dance. Photographs from Guatemala include images of villages and cities (including Antigua and Zacapa), as well as a harvest ceremony in Chichicastenango. McLaughlin also took photographs during a trip to Monterey, Mexico, which include images of towns and scenic views. Additional photographs depict flood damage in Aurora, Indiana; city views and scenery of Merida, Mexico; Chichen Itza; a banana plantation in Honduras; and wartime China and Europe.
Photographs of Cuba in 1898, probably not made by McLaughlin, include images of the USS Maine wreck, and funeral services for the sailors of the ship and residents of Havana. The collection also contains photographs of trees and a dwelling in Honduras made by H. E. Chapman in 1933, photographs of people and scenery in Sumatra made by J. H. Zimmermann, and commercial photographs of archeological collections at the Museo Nacional de Arqueologia, Historia y Etnografia in Mexico. There are also images of scenery and architecture in Japan, Panama and the Canal Zone, Puerto Rico, Dominican Republic, Belgium, England, and other places in Europe. Depicted individuals include Charles A. Lindbergh, as well as McLaughlin and his family.
Photo Lot 2000-04, Harris M. McLaughlin photographs of the Americas and Asia, National Anthropological Archives, Smithsonian Institution
Negative log book number 26, or "green book," documenting various Smithsonian museums and events. Information includes negative numbers, subjects of the photographs, persons and departments for whom the pictures were taken, dates the pictures were taken, photographers, and dates the information was entered into the log books.
Smithsonian Institution Archives, Accession 10-001, Negative Log Book Number 26, 1996-1999
William E. Hughes photographs, scrapbook, and motion picture film, circa 1891-1931
Hughes, William E
Peary Greenland Expedition 1891
Scrapbook : circa 500 prints, as well as newspaper clippings
circa 2800 lantern slides
15 negatives: glass
5 16 mm reels
Motion pictures (visual works)
Trinidad and Tobago
Saint Vincent and the Grenadines
Grand Canyon (Ariz.)
New York (State)
William E. Hughes (1857-1944) was a Philadelphia physician who accompanied Robert E. Peary on the first part of his expedition to Greenland in 1891. He received both his MD and PhD from the University of Pennsylvania in 1880.
Photographs made or collected by William E. Hughes during his travels in the United States, Greenland, Japan, Grenada, Trinidad, Barbados, Dominica, Guadeloupe, Martinique, Montserrat, St. Croix, St. Kitts, St. Lucia, St. Vincent, Cuba, Venezuela, France, Brazil, Costa Rica, Yugoslavia, Greece, and Turkey. They document the landscapes, churches, public buildings, parks, statues, artisans, markets, and city streets of these locations. Films and some photographs depict Hughes's family and trips to the Grand Canyon; Hawaii; Maine; New York; New Brunswick in Canada; and Washington, D. C. A scrapbook in the collection contains newspaper clippings relating to the 1891 Peary expedition to Greenland and a few letters accompany the photographs.
Lantern slides of Japan appear to be commercially made and hand-tinted, and slides relating to the Peary Expedition may have been made by Dr. Benjamin Sharpe, another scientist on the expedition.
Photo lot 75-18, William E. Hughes photographs, scrapbook, and motion picture film, National Anthropological Archives, Smithsonian Institution