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$20 Pattern Coin, by Augustus Saint-Gaudens

United States, Twenty Dollars, Pattern, 1907
Designer:
Saint-Gaudens, Augustus
Mint:
U.S. Mint, Philadelphia
Physical Description:
gold (overall material)
Measurements:
overall: .4 cm x 3.42 cm; 5/32 in x 1 11/32 in
Object Name:
coin
Place Made:
United States: Pennsylvania, Philadelphia
City:
United States: Pennsylvania, Philadelphia
Province:
United States: Pennsylvania
Date made:
1907
Subject:
Coins, Currency and Medals
National Treasures exhibit
Publication title:
Glossary of Coins and Currency Terms
Publication URL:
http://americanhistory.si.edu/coins/glossary.cfm
Credit Line:
Mrs. Richard Derby
ID Number:
NU*236191.0001
Catalog number:
NU71628
236191.0001
Accession number:
236191
Description:
United States Mint, Philadelphia. Less than two dozen of these coins were struck. This kind of relief was never intended for a circulating coin, because it took nearly a dozen passes through the press to achieve. We should instead see these marvelous coins as testimony to the human spirit and to human curiosity: just how much relief could you obtain, and how long would it take to create it?
This ultra high relief twenty has pedigree as well as beauty in its favor. Presdient Theodore Roosevelt gave it to his daughter as a Christmas present in 1907. Augustus Saint-Gaudens had presented it to the president, and it may have been the first piece struck. Roosevelt's daughter donated this coin to the Smithsonian in 1961.
[reference no. Judd 1778]
Location:
Currently not on view
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Political History: National Numismatic Collection
National Treasures exhibit
Data Source:
National Museum of American History, Kenneth E. Behring Center
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United States, 20 Dollars, 1849 (Pattern)

Mint:
U.S. Mint, Philadelphia
Obverse designer:
Longacre, James Barton
Reverse designer:
Longacre, James Barton
Physical Description:
gold (overall metal)
0 (overall die axis)
0 (overall die axis measurement)
struck (overall production method)
Measurements:
overall: .3 cm x 3.4 cm; 1/8 in x 1 11/32 in
Object Name:
coin
pattern coin
Place made:
United States
Date made:
1849
Subject:
Coins, Currency and Medals
Legendary Coins
Coins
Numismatics
United States Double Eagle
Publication title:
Glossary of Coins and Currency Terms
Publication URL:
http://americanhistory.si.edu/coins/glossary.cfm
Credit Line:
Transfer from the United States Mint
ID Number:
1986.0836.0064
Catalog number:
1986.0836.0064
Accession number:
1986.0836
Description:
The California gold rush quickly gave the United States not one new gold coin, but two: a tiny gold dollar at the lower end of the monetary spectrum, and a large double eagle, or twenty-dollar coin, at the upper end. Why did Americans need more gold denominations?
So much gold was now coming out of California that it was actually lowering the value of that metal against silver. Bullion dealers began buying up silver dollars and half dollars for melting and export, for they were now worth more than face value as bullion. A Congressman from North Carolina had an idea: If gold dollars were struck, to pass at par with the silver ones, it might ease some of the pressure on silver coinage.
His bill was introduced late in January 1849. At the last minute, a provision was added for an entirely new coin, a double eagle. Thus amended, the bill became law on March 3, 1849. The production of gold dollars swung into action fairly quickly, and coinage had gotten under way by early May.
But the double eagles took longer. James B. Longacre, the artist selected to design the new large coin, encountered initial opposition from Mint officials, and it was late December before the first two pattern double eagles could be struck. One disappeared long ago, leaving this as the only surviving gold pattern from 1849.
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Political History: National Numismatic Collection
Legendary Coins
Coins
Numismatics
United States Double Eagle
Data Source:
National Museum of American History, Kenneth E. Behring Center
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Bronze Coin Of Simon Maccabarus

Object Type:
Coin
Place:
Palestine
Topic:
Archaeology
USNM Number:
A332163-0
Specimen Count:
1
Record Last Modified:
11 Oct 2012
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Anthropology
Data Source:
NMNH - Anthropology Dept.
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Bronze Coin Of Augustus, Roman Emperor

Object Type:
Coin
Place:
Palestine
Topic:
Archaeology
USNM Number:
A332157-0
Specimen Count:
1
Record Last Modified:
11 Oct 2012
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Anthropology
Data Source:
NMNH - Anthropology Dept.
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Bronze Coins Of Tiberius, Roman Emperor

Object Type:
Coin
Place:
Palestine
Topic:
Archaeology
USNM Number:
A332161-0
Specimen Count:
1
Record Last Modified:
11 Oct 2012
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Anthropology
Data Source:
NMNH - Anthropology Dept.
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Two Bronze Coins Of Jonathan Maccabaeus (?)

Object Type:
Coin
Place:
Palestine
Topic:
Archaeology
USNM Number:
A332159-0
Specimen Count:
2
Record Last Modified:
12 Oct 2012
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Anthropology
Data Source:
NMNH - Anthropology Dept.
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Bronze Coins Of Nero, Roman Emperor

Object Type:
Coin
Place:
Palestine
Topic:
Archaeology
USNM Number:
A332162-0
Specimen Count:
1
Record Last Modified:
11 Oct 2012
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Anthropology
Data Source:
NMNH - Anthropology Dept.
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Coins - Medals? - Drilled At Edge

Donor Name:
Gov E. Fencker
Object Type:
Coin
Place:
Greenland
Accession Date:
1882-Jan-06
Topic:
Archaeology
Accession Number:
011009
USNM Number:
A63994-0
Specimen Count:
3
Record Last Modified:
25 Apr 2014
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Anthropology
Data Source:
NMNH - Anthropology Dept.
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Russian Brass Coin Of 1731

Donor Name:
Panama-California Exposition
Dr. Ales F. Hrdlicka
Dr. Vojtech Suk
Object Type:
Coin
Place:
Ukraine, Europe
Accession Date:
1917-Jun-30
Topic:
Archaeology
Accession Number:
061302
USNM Number:
A288069-0
Specimen Count:
01
Record Last Modified:
9 Apr 2010
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Anthropology
Data Source:
NMNH - Anthropology Dept.
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Two Plaster Casts Of "Christ Coin"

Donor Name:
Department Of Anthropology
Culture:
Palestine
Object Type:
Coin
Place:
Not Given, Palestine (not certain)
Accession Date:
1908-May-15
Topic:
Ethnology
Accession Number:
048700
USNM Number:
E249638-0
Specimen Count:
2
Record Last Modified:
10 Sep 2003
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Anthropology
Data Source:
NMNH - Anthropology Dept.
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Bronze Coin Of Ptolemy (I) Soter

Site Name:
Thebes
Donor Name:
John C. Davis
Culture:
Ancient Egyptian
Object Type:
Coin
Place:
Qena, Upper Egypt, Egypt, Africa
Accession Date:
1917-Jun-29
Topic:
Archaeology
Accession Number:
061283
USNM Number:
A299940-0
Specimen Count:
1
Record Last Modified:
29 Aug 2012
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Anthropology
Data Source:
NMNH - Anthropology Dept.
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Bronze Coins Of Ptolemy (II) Philadelphus

Site Name:
Thebes
Donor Name:
John C. Davis
Culture:
Ancient Egyptian
Object Type:
Coin
Place:
Qena, Upper Egypt, Egypt, Africa
Accession Date:
1917-Jun-29
Topic:
Archaeology
Accession Number:
061283
USNM Number:
A299941-0
Specimen Count:
5
Record Last Modified:
29 Aug 2012
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Anthropology
Data Source:
NMNH - Anthropology Dept.
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1/2 Poltina, Peter I

Ruler:
Peter I
Physical Description:
silver (overall metal)
Measurements:
overall: .1 cm x 2.8 cm; 1/32 in x 1 3/32 in
Object Name:
coin
Place made:
Rossiya: Rossiya
Date made:
1705
Subject:
Coins, Currency and Medals
Russian Coins and Jetons
Credit Line:
duPont Collection
ID Number:
NU*NU61405
Catalog number:
NU61405
Accession number:
210914
Description:
This half poltina coin was minted in Russia in 1705 under Peter I. Better known as Peter the Great, he ruled Russia from 1689-1725. Peter l founded Saint Petersburg in 1703 and brought Western culture to Orthodox Russia.
Obverse text: Tsar Peter Alekseyevich the sovereign of all Russia
Obverse image: Small raised bumps indicate the worth of the coin to those who were illiterate.
Reverse text: Half poltina
Reverse image: Center the Russian coat-of-arms, a two-headed eagle wearing a shield with a mounted figure of Saint George. Imperial crowns on each eagle head stands for the unity and sovereignty of Russia, the orb and scepter grasped in the eagle's toes are traditional heraldic symbols.
Location:
Currently not on view
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Political History: National Numismatic Collection
Russian Coins and Jetons
Data Source:
National Museum of American History, Kenneth E. Behring Center
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Ruble, Alexander I

Ruler:
Alexander I Emperor of Russia
Physical Description:
metal (overall material)
Measurements:
overall: .2 cm x 3.5 cm; 3/32 in x 1 3/8 in
Object Name:
coin
Place made:
Rossiya: Rossiya
Date made:
1801
Subject:
Coins, Currency and Medals
Russian Coins and Jetons
Credit Line:
duPont Collection
ID Number:
NU*NU83662
Catalog number:
NU83662
Accession number:
257688
Description:
This ruble was minted in Russia in 1801 during the reign of Alexander I. Alexander I reined from 1801 until his death in 1825. He ruled during a chaotic period of the Napoleonic Wars (1803-1815). During this time Russia acquired Finland and part of Poland.
Obverse text: State Russian coin ruble
Obverse image: Wreath decoration circling inscription.
Reverse text: Coin / ruble / 1796 / year
Reverse image: Center the Russian coat-of-arms, a two-headed eagle wearing a shield with a mounted figure of Saint George. Imperial crowns on each eagle head stands for the unity and sovereignty of Russia, the orb and scepter grasped in the eagle's toes are traditional heraldic symbols.
Location:
Currently not on view
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Political History: National Numismatic Collection
Russian Coins and Jetons
Data Source:
National Museum of American History, Kenneth E. Behring Center
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1 Pattern Ruble, Alexander I

Head of government:
Alexander I Emperor of Russia
Physical Description:
metal (overall material)
Measurements:
overall: .2 cm x 3.9 cm; 3/32 in x 1 17/32 in
Object Name:
coin
Pattern coin
Place made:
Rossiya: Rossiya
Associated place:
Russia
Date made:
1801
Subject:
Coins, Currency and Medals
Russian Coins and Jetons
Credit Line:
Willis H. du Pont
ID Number:
NU*NU83663-3
Catalog number:
NU83663-3
Accession number:
257688
Description:
This pattern ruble was minted in Russia in 1801 during the reign of Alexander I. Alexander I reigned from 1801 until his death in 1825. He ruled during a chaotic period of the Napoleonic Wars (1803-1815). During that time Russia acquired Finland and a part of Poland.
Obverse image: Portrait of Alexander I.
Reverse text: 1801 / coin / ruble
Reverse image: The Russian coat-of-arms, a two-headed eagle wearing a shield with a mounted figure of Saint George. Imperial crowns on each eagle head stands for the unity and sovereignty of Russia, the orb and scepter grasped in the eagle's toes are traditional heraldic symbols.
Location:
Currently not on view
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Political History: National Numismatic Collection
Russian Coins and Jetons
Data Source:
National Museum of American History, Kenneth E. Behring Center
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Kopek, Elizabeth

Ruler:
Elizabeth
Physical Description:
copper (overall material)
Measurements:
overall: .15 cm x 2.4 cm; 1/16 in x 15/16 in
Object Name:
coin
Place made:
Rossiya: Rossiya
Date made:
1760
Subject:
Coins, Currency and Medals
Russian Coins and Jetons
Credit Line:
duPont Collection
ID Number:
NU*NU65270
Catalog number:
NU65270
Accession number:
240108
Description:
This kopek was minted in Russia in 1760 during the reign of Elizabeth Petrovna. Elizabeth disposed the infant Ivan VI and was named Peter III's successor in 1741 after a successful coup. She ruled Russia from 1741 until her death in 1761.
Obverse text: One kopek / 1760
Obverse image: Drum and flag iconography.
Reverse text: No reverse inscription.
Reverse image: Saint Gregory, the knight on horseback, slaying a dragon.
Location:
Currently not on view
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Political History: National Numismatic Collection
Russian Coins and Jetons
Data Source:
National Museum of American History, Kenneth E. Behring Center
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Ruble, Russia, 1825

Physical Description:
silver (overall material)
Measurements:
overall: .2 cm x 3.6 cm; 3/32 in x 1 13/32 in
Object Name:
coin
Pattern Coin
Place made:
Rossiya: Rossiya, Saint Petersburg
Date made:
1825
Subject:
Coins, Currency and Medals
Russian Coins and Jetons
Credit Line:
Willis H. du Pont
ID Number:
NU*68.263.0069
Accession number:
281689
Catalog number:
68.263.0069
Description:
The Constantine ruble is one of eight known coins minted in anticipation of Constantine's ascending the throne after his brother's death. However, Constantine declined the throne but the coins depicting him as Czar escaped the melt down. Today these are the only reminders of this twist in history. It was made at the Saint Petersburg Mint. This ruble has edge calibration marks.
Obverse image: portrait of Constantine (brother of emperors Alexander I and Nicholas I).
Reverse text: the initials C.H.E.
Reverse image: Center the Russian coat-of-arms, a two-headed eagle wearing a shield with a mounted figure of Saint George. Imperial crowns on each eagle head stands for the unity and sovereignty of Russia, the orb and scepter grasped in the eagle's toes are traditional heraldic symbols.
Location:
Currently not on view
See more items in:
Armed Forces History: National Numismatic Collection
Russian Coins and Jetons
Data Source:
National Museum of American History, Kenneth E. Behring Center
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50 Kopeks, Nicholas II

Ruler:
Nicholas II Emperor of Russia
Physical Description:
silver (overall material)
Measurements:
overall: .2 cm x 2.2 cm; 3/32 in x 7/8 in
Object Name:
coin
Place made:
Rossiya: Rossiya
Date made:
1895
Subject:
Coins, Currency and Medals
Russian Coins and Jetons
Credit Line:
duPont Collection
ID Number:
NU*68.263.495
Catalog number:
68.263.495
Accession number:
281689
Description:
This coin worth 50 kopeks was struck in Russia in 1895, under Czar Nicholas II who ruled from 1894-1917. Last Emperor of Russia, Nicholas II was assassinated with his family by the Bolsheviks on July 17, 1918.
Obverse text: Nicholas II the Emperor and Autocrat of all Russia
Obverse image: Portrait of Nicholas II.
Reverse text: 50 kopeks / 1895 y.
Reverse image: Center the Russian coat-of-arms, a two-headed eagle wearing a shield with a mounted figure of Saint George. Imperial crowns on each eagle head stands for the unity and sovereignty of Russia, the orb and scepter grasped in the eagle's toes are traditional heraldic symbols.
Location:
Currently not on view
See more items in:
Political History: National Numismatic Collection
Russian Coins and Jetons
Data Source:
National Museum of American History, Kenneth E. Behring Center
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50 Kopeks, Nicholas II

Ruler:
Nicholas II Emperor of Russia
Physical Description:
metal (overall material)
Measurements:
overall: .2 cm x 2.2 cm; 3/32 in x 7/8 in
Object Name:
coin
Place made:
Rossiya: Rossiya
Date made:
1895
Subject:
Coins, Currency and Medals
Russian Coins and Jetons
Credit Line:
Willis H. du Pont
ID Number:
NU*68.263.496
Catalog number:
68.263.496
Accession number:
281689
Description:
This coin worth 50 kopeks was struck in Russia in 1895, by Nicholas II who ruled from 1894-1917. Last Emperor of Russia, Nicholas II was assassinated with his family by the Bolsheviks on July 17, 1918.
Obverse image: bust of Nicholas II
Reverse image: Center the Russian coat-of-arms, a two-headed eagle wearing a shield with a mounted figure of Saint George. Imperial crowns on each eagle head stands for the unity and sovereignty of Russia, the orb and scepter grasped in the eagle's toes are traditional heraldic symbols.
Location:
Currently not on view
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Political History: National Numismatic Collection
Russian Coins and Jetons
Data Source:
National Museum of American History, Kenneth E. Behring Center
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25 Rubles, Alexander II

Head of government:
Alexander II Emperor of Russia
Physical Description:
gold (overall material)
Measurements:
overall: 28 mm; 1 3/32 in
Object Name:
coin
Place made:
Rossiya: Rossiya, St. Petersburg
Associated place:
Russia
Date made:
1876
Subject:
Coins, Currency and Medals
Russian Coins and Jetons
Credit Line:
duPont Collection
ID Number:
NU*69.128.153
Catalog number:
69.128.153
Accession number:
286473
Description:
This coin worth 25 rubles was minted in 1876 by Alexander II. Czar from 1855-1881. He was affectionately known as The Liberator because of his Emancipation Manifesto.
Obverse text: 25 Rubles / 1876 / SPB / 7 zlotn. / 3 shares of pure gold
Obverse image: No obverse image.
Reverse text: No reverse inscription.
Reverse image: Center the Russian coat-of-arms, a two-headed eagle wearing a shield with a mounted figure of Saint George. Imperial crowns on each eagle head stands for the unity and sovereignty of Russia, the orb and scepter grasped in the eagle's toes are traditional heraldic symbols.
Location:
Currently not on view
See more items in:
Political History: National Numismatic Collection
Russian Coins and Jetons
Data Source:
National Museum of American History, Kenneth E. Behring Center
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