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Cook & Brother Rifle

Maker:
Cook and Brother
Measurements:
overall: 48 1/2 in; 123.19 cm
Object Name:
rifle
rifle, percussion
Place made:
United States: Georgia, Athens
United States: Confederate States of America
Date made:
1864
Associated date:
1864
Subject:
Firearms
Military
Civil War
Event:
Civil War
ID Number:
AF*257062
Catalog number:
257062
Serial number:
5620
Accession number:
50774
Description (Brief):
Ferdinand and Francis Cook were Englishmen who produced Enfield type firearms in New Orleans at the beginning of the Civil War. When New Orleans fell to the Union Navy in 1862 they relocated to Athens, GA and continued to produce rifles, musketoons and carbines for the Confederacy. This .58 caliber Infantry rifle closely resembles a P1858 Enfield rifle.
Location:
Currently not on view
See more items in:
Armed Forces History: Armed Forces History, Military
Civil War
Data Source:
National Museum of American History, Kenneth E. Behring Center
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British Pattern 1853 Rifle

Licensee:
Enfield
Maker:
London Armoury Company
Measurements:
overall, rifle: 54 3/4 in x 2 3/8 in; 139.065 cm x 6.0325 cm
Object Name:
rifle
rifle musket, percussion
Place made:
United Kingdom
Date made:
1862
Associated date:
1862
Subject:
Firearms
Military
Civil War
Event:
Civil War
ID Number:
AF*32777
Catalog number:
32777
Accession number:
69413
Description (Brief):
The .577 caliber British Pattern 1853 Rifle-Musket was the second most widely used firearm of the Civil War. A favorite of Confederate soldiers, it was also imported by the Union to keep up with the demand for rifles.
Location:
Currently not on view
See more items in:
Armed Forces History: Armed Forces History, Military
Civil War
Data Source:
National Museum of American History, Kenneth E. Behring Center
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US Model 1841 Rifle

Maker:
Whitney Arms Company
Measurements:
overall: 7 in x 49 1/4 in x 2 3/4 in; 17.78 cm x 125.095 cm x 6.985 cm
Object Name:
rifle
rifle, percussion
Place made:
United States
Date made:
1855
Subject:
Firearms
Military
Civil War
Event:
Civil War
ID Number:
AF*272955
Catalog number:
272955
Accession number:
54205
Description (Brief):
Put into production at Harpers Ferry in 1846, the Model 1841 is also known as the Mississippi Rifle due to its success in the Mexican War with the Mississippi regiment under the command of Colonel Jefferson Davis. Approximately 70,000 Model 1841s were produced by Harpers Ferry and contractors between 1846 and 1855. In 1861, these .54 caliber rifles were put back into service on both sides.
Location:
Currently not on view
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Armed Forces History: Armed Forces History, Military
Civil War
Data Source:
National Museum of American History, Kenneth E. Behring Center
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Edwin Wesson Match Rifle

Maker:
Wesson, Edwin
Measurements:
overall: 47 1/2 in x 2 3/8 in; 120.65 cm x 6.0325 cm
Object Name:
rifle
rifle, percussion
Place made:
United States
Date made:
ca 1849
Subject:
Firearms
Military
Civil War
Event:
Civil War
ID Number:
AF*43490
Catalog number:
43490
Accession number:
164794
Description (Brief):
This .45 caliber rifle was designed for use in shooting matches. Made by Edwin Wesson (the older brother of Daniel Wesson of Smith & Wesson), it was used in the Civil War by Edwin J. Stanclift of the 8th Company, 1st Battalion, New York Sharpshooters. The telescopic sight was made by C.D. Abbey of Chicago.
Location:
Currently not on view
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Armed Forces History: Armed Forces History, Military
Civil War
Data Source:
National Museum of American History, Kenneth E. Behring Center
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Remington 1863 Contract Rifle

Maker:
Remington Arms Company, Inc.
Measurements:
overall, rifle: 49 in x 2 1/4 in; 124.46 cm x 5.715 cm
Object Name:
rifle
rifle, percussion
Place made:
United States
Date made:
1863
Associated date:
1863
Subject:
Firearms
Military
Civil War
Event:
Civil War
ID Number:
AF*22827
Catalog number:
22827
Accession number:
64127
Description (Brief):
Also known as the "Zouave Rifle," the .58-caliber muzzle loading 1863 Remington was referred to as "Harpers Ferry Pattern" in official Army documents. Although over 12,000 were manufactured, exactly who used them and how they acquired the name Zouave are mysteries.
Location:
Currently not on view
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Armed Forces History: Armed Forces History, Military
Civil War
Data Source:
National Museum of American History, Kenneth E. Behring Center
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Sharps Rifle

Licensee:
Sharps, C.
Maker:
Sharps
Physical Description:
steel (overall material)
wood (overall material)
Measurements:
overall: 7 in x 47 in x 2 in; 17.78 cm x 119.38 cm x 5.08 cm
Object Name:
rifle
Place Made:
United States
Subject:
Military
Firearms
ThinkFinity
Event:
Civil War
Civil War and Reconstruction
ID Number:
AF*10533
Catalog number:
10533
Accession number:
45676
Description:
Physical Description
United States Sharps rifle Model 1859, .52 caliber.
Specific History
This type of rifle was carried by the 5th New York Zouaves.
General History
The 5th New York Volunteer Infantry, "Duryée's Zouaves," was one of the most renowned fighting regiments of the American Civil War. Their colorful Zouave uniforms were based on those of the elite Zouave battalion of the French Army, whose dashing appearance matched its fighting abilities. Their precise maneuvers, effectiveness in combat, and steady bearing under fire won them universal respect and recognition. "I doubt whether it had an equal," General George Sykes said of the 5th New York, "and certainly no superior among all the regiments of the Army of the Potomac." Many observers considered the 5th New York to be the best-drilled volunteer unit in the federal army.
See more items in:
Armed Forces History: Armed Forces History, Military
ThinkFinity
Exhibition:
"The Price of Freedom: Americans at War"
Data Source:
National Museum of American History, Kenneth E. Behring Center
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Model 1861 U.S. Rifle Musket

Maker:
Springfield Armory
Measurements:
overall, musket: 56 in x 2 1/2 in; 142.24 cm x 6.35 cm
Object Name:
rifle
rifle musket, percussion
Place made:
United States
Date made:
1862
Associated date:
1862
Subject:
Firearms
Military
Civil War
Civil War
Event:
Civil War
ID Number:
AF*20402
Catalog number:
20402
Accession number:
63242
Description (Brief):
The Model 1861 Rifle Musket was the standard issue infantry arm used throughout the Civil War. A soldier attached an infantry cap badge to the stock of this particular rifle. Originally made by the Springfield Armory, the U.S. government contracted with twenty private firms to meet the war time demand for rifles. It is estimated that about one million Model 1861–type rifle muskets were manufactured during the war.
Location:
Currently not on view
See more items in:
Armed Forces History: Armed Forces History, Military
Civil War
Data Source:
National Museum of American History, Kenneth E. Behring Center
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Navy "Whitney-Plymouth" Percussion Rifle

Commissioner:
Dahlgren, John A.
Maker:
Whitney Arms Company
Measurements:
overall: 50 in x 2 3/4 in; 127 cm x 6.985 cm
Object Name:
rifle
rifle, percussion
Place made:
United States
Date made:
1863
Subject:
Firearms
Military
Civil War
Event:
Civil War
ID Number:
AF*256986
Catalog number:
256986
Accession number:
50774
Serial number:
4231
Description (Brief):
The Whitney 1861 Navy Rifle, also known as the Plymouth or Whitney-Plymouth was designed from the recommendations of Captain John A. Dahlgren, the famous Navy Ordnance officer. The .69 caliber muzzle loading rifle was developed and tested on board Dahlgren's ship, the U.S.S. Plymouth, 1856-1858. The Whitney Arms Company supplied the U.S. Navy with about ten thousand Plymouths.
Location:
Currently not on view
See more items in:
Armed Forces History: Armed Forces History, Military
Civil War
Data Source:
National Museum of American History, Kenneth E. Behring Center
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Henry Presentation Rifle

Recipient:
Lincoln, Abraham
Maker:
New Haven Arms Company
Physical Description:
steel (overall material)
wood (overall material)
gold (overall material)
Measurements:
overall: 8 in x 43 1/2 in x 1 1/4 in; 20.32 cm x 110.49 cm x 3.175 cm
Object Name:
rifle
Place Made:
United States: Connecticut, New Haven
Date made:
1862
Subject:
Presidents
Military
Firearms
ThinkFinity
National Treasures exhibit
Event:
Civil War
Civil War and Reconstruction
Related Publication:
Kendrick, Kathleen M. and Peter C. Liebhold. Smithsonian Treasures of American History
Publication title:
Treasures of American History online exhibition
Publication author:
National Museum of American History
Publication URL:
http://americanhistory.si.edu/treasures
ID Number:
AF*67880M
Catalog number:
67880M
Accession number:
246404
Serial number:
6
Description:
Physical Description
Henry Rifle, serial number 6, .44 caliber, forged steel, wooden stock, engraved gold mounting with floral design and “Lincoln/ President/U.S.A." on right side. Top of barrel is stamped “Henry’s Patent Oct. 16, 1860/Manufactured New Haven Arms Company New Haven, Ct.”
Specific History
This gold-mounted, engraved Henry rifle was presented to Abraham Lincoln in an effort to obtain his influence in their purchase for the war effort. This rifle was awarded the National Rifle Association Collectors Society Gold Medal as an outstanding historical firearm.
General History
The Henry, the first practical, lever action, repeating rifle, is the immediate forerunner of the famous Winchester rifles. About 14,000 were made between 1860 and 1866 by the New Haven Arms Company. Only about 1,731 Henry rifles were purchased by the Ordnance Department between 1862 and 1865. A number of units in the West purchased them at their own expense. It was especially popular in Kentucky, Illinois, Missouri and Indiana. The 1st Maine and 1st District of Columbia cavalry regiments are known to have been issued Henry rifles. Said one confederate soldier, “It’s a rifle you could load on Sunday and shoot all week long.”
See more items in:
Armed Forces History: Armed Forces History, Military
National Treasures exhibit
ThinkFinity
Exhibition:
"The Price of Freedom"
Data Source:
National Museum of American History, Kenneth E. Behring Center
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Spencer Repeating Rifle used by Abraham Lincoln

Associated person:
Lincoln, Abraham
Maker:
Spencer Repeating Arms Company
Object Name:
rifle
Place made:
United States
Date made:
ca 1862
Subject:
Firearms
Military
Civil War
Event:
Civil War
ID Number:
AF*297603.3
Accession number:
297603
Catalog number:
297603.3
Serial number:
9753
Description (Brief):
The Spencer repeating rifle took a magazine in the stock holding seven metallic cartridges. The trigger guard was a lever that loaded cartridges and ejected spent shells. This particular rifle was used by Abraham Lincoln for target practice at the White House. The rifle was borrowed from the Navy Department and was fired in the "White Lot."
See more items in:
Armed Forces History: Armed Forces History, Military
Civil War
Exhibition:
The American Presidency: A Glorious Burden
Data Source:
National Museum of American History, Kenneth E. Behring Center
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Model 1863 Springfield Rifle Musket

User:
Stockwell, Jr., Elisha
Maker:
Springfield Armory
Measurements:
overall: 8 in x 56 in x 2 in; 20.32 cm x 142.24 cm x 5.08 cm
overall: 56 in x 2 5/8 in; 142.24 cm x 6.6675 cm
Object Name:
rifle
rifle musket, percussion
Place made:
United States: Massachusetts, Springfield
Date made:
1864
Subject:
Firearms
Military
Civil War
Event:
Civil War
Related Publication:
Stockwell, Elisha Jr. and Byron R. Abernathy, ed.. Private Elisha Stockwell, Jr. Sees the Civil War
ID Number:
2012.0056.01
Catalog number:
2012.0056.01
Accession number:
2012.0056
Description (Brief):
Model 1863 Springfield Rifle Musket used by Private Elisha Stockwell, Jr. during the Civil War
Description:
On Feb. 25, 1862 at the age of 15, Elisha Stockwell, Jr. enlisted in Company 'I' of the 14th Wisconsin Volunteer Infantry. Stockwell was issued a .69-caliber Belgian rifle musket when he joined. He was wounded twice at the Battle of Shiloh, and he fought at Corinth. By the time he fought at Vicksburg, Stockwell was issued a .577-caliber Enfield rifle.
In early 1864 Stockwell was issued this .58-caliber Model 1863 Springfield rifle musket. Stockwell used this rifle at the battles of Kennesaw Mountain, and Mobile, but not at the Battle of Atlanta. Just before the Battle of Atlanta, a lieutenant sent Stockwell to find the cooks who were late with Company I’s coffee. Stockwell left his rifle and belts beside a tree and before he could find the cooks, the battle started. After the battle he returned to find his rifle and belts just where he left them.
Stockwell was promoted to Corporal in March, 1865 and mustered out of the Army in Oct., 1865. He purchased this rifle and the rest of his kit for six dollars and the rifle was passed down through his family. It was donated to the Smithsonian by his great-grandson Gordon S. Stockwell in 2012.
Location:
Currently not on view
See more items in:
Armed Forces History: Armed Forces History, Military
Data Source:
National Museum of American History, Kenneth E. Behring Center
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United States M1 Rifle

Licensee:
Garand, J. C.
Maker:
Springfield Armory
Physical Description:
wood (overall material)
steel (overall material)
Measurements:
overall: 6 in x 43 1/2 in x 3 1/2 in; 15.24 cm x 110.49 cm x 8.89 cm
Object Name:
rifle, semiautomatic
Place Made:
United States
Subject:
Military
Firearms
ThinkFinity
Event:
World War II
The Great Depression and World War II
ID Number:
AF*84450M
Catalog number:
84450M
Accession number:
1978.0623
Description:
Physical Description
United States M1 .30-caliber rifle.
Specific History
John Garand was a civil service employee. As the chief civilian engineer at the Springfield Armory in Massachusetts, he invented a semiautomatic .30-caliber rifle known as the M1 or the "Garand." His work on this rifle let the United States enter into World War II as the only country with a semiautomatic rifle as standard issue for its troops. Garand received no monetary award other than his modest civil service salary for the M-1 or his numerous other technical innovations related to weapons. A bill was introduced in Congress to grant him $100,000, but it did not pass. However, in 1941 he was awarded a Medal for Meritorious Service. In 1944 he received a U.S. Government Medal for Merit.
General History
The United States M1 Rifle, .30 caliber, is better known as the M1 Garand. This rifle made General George Patton state, "In my opinion, the M1 rifle is the greatest battle implement ever devised."
See more items in:
Armed Forces History: Armed Forces History, Military
ThinkFinity
Exhibition:
The Price of Freedom: Americans at War
Data Source:
National Museum of American History, Kenneth E. Behring Center
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Colt Model 1861 Special Musket:

Maker:
Colt's Patent Firearms Manufacturing Company
Measurements:
overall, musket: 56 1/2 in x 2 3/8 in; 143.51 cm x 6.0325 cm
Object Name:
rifle
rifle musket, percussion
Place made:
United States
Date made:
1863
Associated date:
1863
Subject:
Firearms
Military
Civil War
Event:
Civil War
ID Number:
AF*272952
Catalog number:
272952
Accession number:
54205
Description (Brief):
Colt's Patent Firearms Manufacturing Company produced approximately 100,000 .58 caliber rifle muskets for government contract during the Civil War. An unknown number, rejected by U.S. military inspectors, were sold on the civilian market.
Location:
Currently not on view
See more items in:
Armed Forces History: Armed Forces History, Military
Civil War
Data Source:
National Museum of American History, Kenneth E. Behring Center
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Richmond Armory Musket

Maker:
Richmond Armory
Measurements:
overall, musket: 56 in x 2 3/8 in; 142.24 cm x 6.0325 cm
Object Name:
rifle
rifle musket, percussion
Place made:
United States: Virginia, Richmond
United States: Confederate States of America
Date made:
1863
Associated date:
1863
Subject:
Firearms
Military
Civil War
Event:
Civil War
ID Number:
AF*32782
Catalog number:
32782
Accession number:
69413
Description (Brief):
Virginia seized the equipment used for making Model 1855 Rifle Muskets at Harpers Ferry when she seceded from the Union in 1861. The machinery was moved to Richmond where this rifle musket was made. The Model 1855 patterns account for the hump shape of the lockplate.
Location:
Currently not on view
See more items in:
Armed Forces History: Armed Forces History, Military
Civil War
Data Source:
National Museum of American History, Kenneth E. Behring Center
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Model 1855 U.S. Percussion Rifle used by Frank E. Brownell

Associated person; user:
Brownell, Frank E.
Associated person:
Ellsworth, Elmer E.
Patentee:
Maynard, E.
Maker:
Harpers Ferry Armory
Physical Description:
metal (overall material)
wood (overall material)
Measurements:
overall: 7 in x 49 in x 2 1/2 in; 17.78 cm x 124.46 cm x 6.35 cm
overall: 48 1/2 in x 2 1/4 in; 123.19 cm x 5.715 cm
Object Name:
rifle
rifle, percussion
Place made:
United States
Date made:
1860
Associated date:
1860
Subject:
Firearms
Military
Frank E. Brownell
Event:
Civil War
ID Number:
AF*202729
Catalog number:
202729
Accession number:
22306
Description (Brief):
Model 1855 U.S. Percussion Rifle, .58-caliber single shot muzzleloader with Maynard primer; lug on right side of barrel for saber bayonet; walnut stock, patchbox on right side of butt.
Description:
Col. Elmer E. Ellsworth, commander of the 11th New York Infantry, was killed on May 24, 1861. Ellsworth led a company of his men into Alexandria, VA where they saw a large Confederate flag flying over the roof of the Marshall House hotel on King Street. They went to the rooftop and lowered the flag. As they were descending they were surprised by the innkeeper, James W. Jackson. Jackson leveled a double-barrel shotgun at Ellsworth and killed him instantly with a shot to the chest. Pvt. Frank Brownell, of the 11th New York Infantry, used this Model 1855 Percussion Rifle and its bayonet to kill James Jackson.
Location:
Currently not on view
See more items in:
Armed Forces History: Armed Forces History, Military
Frank E. Brownell
Data Source:
National Museum of American History, Kenneth E. Behring Center
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Model 1864 Burnside Carbine

Patentee:
Burnside, Ambrose E.
Maker:
Burnside Rifle Company
Object Name:
carbine
carbine, percussion
Place made:
United States
Date made:
ca 1863
Subject:
Firearms
Military
Civil War
Event:
Civil War
ID Number:
AF*209405
Catalog number:
209405
Accession number:
37586
Serial number:
17107
Description (Brief):
This .54 caliber breech-loading carbine was designed in the 1850s by Ambrose E. Burnside who became a Major General in the Civil War. It fired cartridges with copper or foil casings. The Union purchased over 55,000 of them for use by cavalry.
Location:
Currently not on view
See more items in:
Armed Forces History: Armed Forces History, Military
Civil War
Data Source:
National Museum of American History, Kenneth E. Behring Center
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Saber Bayonet for the Confederate Cook & Brother Rifle

Maker:
Cook and Brother
Measurements:
overall: 4 in x 27 1/2 in x 1 in; 10.16 cm x 69.85 cm x 2.54 cm
part: blade: 22 1/2 in; 57.15 cm
overall: 1 1/8 in x 4 1/4 in x 27 1/2 in; 2.8575 cm x 10.795 cm x 69.85 cm
Object Name:
bayonet
bayonet, saber
Place made:
United States: Georgia
United States: Confederate States of America
Date made:
ca 1861
Subject:
Edged Weapons
Military
Civil War
Event:
Civil War
ID Number:
AF*33697
Catalog number:
33697
Accession number:
70138
Serial number:
44
Description (Brief):
This saber bayonet was made for use on the Confederate Cook & Brother rifle. The hilt is marked "SUNFLOWERGUARD." The Sunflower Guards were Company I of the 21st Mississippi Infantry Regiment. The company was raised in Sunflower County, Mississippi.
Location:
Currently not on view
See more items in:
Armed Forces History: Armed Forces History, Military
Civil War
Data Source:
National Museum of American History, Kenneth E. Behring Center
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Model 1842 Harpers Ferry Rifled Musket

Maker:
Springfield Armory
Physical Description:
wood (overall material)
steel (overall material)
Measurements:
overall: 6 in x 58 1/4 in x 2 1/2 in; 15.24 cm x 147.955 cm x 6.35 cm
Object Name:
musket
Place Made:
United States
Used:
United States: Virginia
Associated date:
1850
Subject:
Military
Firearms
ThinkFinity
Event:
Civil War
Civil War and Reconstruction
ID Number:
AF*273343
Maker number:
D1850
Catalog number:
273343
Accession number:
54537
Description:
Physical Description
United States Model 1842 Harpers Ferry musket, .69 caliber.
Specific History
The Model 1842 Harpers Ferry percussion musket had a smoothbore barrel. After the adoption of the .58-caliber minie bullet in 1855, musket barrels were rifled.
See more items in:
Armed Forces History: Armed Forces History, Military
ThinkFinity
Exhibition:
The Price of Freedom: Americans at War
Data Source:
National Museum of American History, Kenneth E. Behring Center
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What Can You Do for the / Soldiers' Home Bazaar [illustrated card]

Author?:
Meech, James F
Subject:
Soldiers' Home
Physical description:
Ink on paper
1 item, 6" x 3.5"
Type:
Woodcuts
Place:
Civil War
Massachusetts
Boston (Mass.)
Gettysburg (Pa.)
United States
Date:
1881
Civil War, 1861-1865
Topic:
Rifles
Bazaar
Soldiers
Civil war
Bayonets
History
Local number:
AC0060-0001251a.tif (AC Scan No.: Soldier's Home)
AC0060-0001251b.tif (AC Scan No.: list of relics)
Notes:
In Box 3, Folder 3.
Civil War Selections from the Archives Center
Summary:
Card for the Soldiers' Home Bazaar, Boston, Autumn 1881, possibly a woodcut. Image shows soldier with bayoneted rifle. On verso: "Relics of Gettysburg." List of 42 items.
Cite as:
Warshaw Collection of Business Americana, Civil War series, Archives Center, National Museum of American History
See more items in:
Civil War series, Warshaw Collection of Business Americana
Data Source:
Archives Center - NMAH
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Cavalry Soldier Loading a Rifle

Artist:
Winslow Homer, American, 1836–1910
Medium:
Black chalk and white crayon on gray-green laid paper
Culture:
American
Type:
figures
Drawing
Object Name:
Drawing
Made in:
USA
Date:
1863–64
Period:
Civil War
Credit Line:
Gift of Charles Savage Homer, Jr.
Accession Number:
1912-12-99
Description:
Recto: A soldier in Civil War uniform, stands in the foreground, feet spread, holding a rifle placed diagonally across his body in his left hand, using a long rod in his right hand to tamp gun powder down the barrel of the rifle.
Verso: A head is shown from the back, at center; a wounded soldier sits leaning on both hands, shown in full length and in the opposite direction, at top; and a dead soldier lies with bent knees and covers his face with his left hand, at bottom.
See more items in:
Cooper Hewitt, Smithsonian Design Museum Collection
Drawings, Prints, and Graphic Design Department
Data Source:
Cooper Hewitt, Smithsonian Design Museum
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