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Sharps Rifle

Licensee:
Sharps, C.
Maker:
Sharps
Physical Description:
steel (overall material)
wood (overall material)
Measurements:
overall: 7 in x 47 in x 2 in; 17.78 cm x 119.38 cm x 5.08 cm
Object Name:
rifle
Place Made:
United States
Subject:
Military
Firearms
ThinkFinity
Event:
Civil War
Civil War and Reconstruction
ID Number:
AF*10533
Catalog number:
010533
Accession number:
45676
Description:
Physical Description
United States Sharps rifle Model 1859, .52 caliber.
Specific History
This type of rifle was carried by the 5th New York Zouaves.
General History
The 5th New York Volunteer Infantry, "Duryée's Zouaves," was one of the most renowned fighting regiments of the American Civil War. Their colorful Zouave uniforms were based on those of the elite Zouave battalion of the French Army, whose dashing appearance matched its fighting abilities. Their precise maneuvers, effectiveness in combat, and steady bearing under fire won them universal respect and recognition. "I doubt whether it had an equal," General George Sykes said of the 5th New York, "and certainly no superior among all the regiments of the Army of the Potomac." Many observers considered the 5th New York to be the best-drilled volunteer unit in the federal army.
See more items in:
Armed Forces History: Armed Forces History, Military
ThinkFinity
Exhibition:
"The Price of Freedom: Americans at War"
Data Source:
National Museum of American History, Kenneth E. Behring Center
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Henry Presentation Rifle

Recipient:
Lincoln, Abraham
Maker:
New Haven Arms Company
Physical Description:
steel (overall material)
wood (overall material)
gold (overall material)
Measurements:
overall: 8 in x 43 1/2 in x 1 1/4 in; 20.32 cm x 110.49 cm x 3.175 cm
Object Name:
rifle
Place Made:
United States: Connecticut, New Haven
Date made:
1862
Subject:
Presidents
Military
Firearms
ThinkFinity
National Treasures exhibit
Event:
Civil War
Civil War and Reconstruction
Related Publication:
Kendrick, Kathleen M. and Peter C. Liebhold. Smithsonian Treasures of American History
Publication title:
Treasures of American History online exhibition
Publication author:
National Museum of American History
Publication URL:
http://americanhistory.si.edu/treasures
ID Number:
AF*67880M
Catalog number:
67880M
Accession number:
246404
Serial number:
6
Description:
Physical Description
Henry Rifle, serial number 6, .44 caliber, forged steel, wooden stock, engraved gold mounting with floral design and “Lincoln/ President/U.S.A." on right side. Top of barrel is stamped “Henry’s Patent Oct. 16, 1860/Manufactured New Haven Arms Company New Haven, Ct.”
Specific History
This gold-mounted, engraved Henry rifle was presented to Abraham Lincoln in an effort to obtain his influence in their purchase for the war effort. This rifle was awarded the National Rifle Association Collectors Society Gold Medal as an outstanding historical firearm.
General History
The Henry, the first practical, lever action, repeating rifle, is the immediate forerunner of the famous Winchester rifles. About 14,000 were made between 1860 and 1866 by the New Haven Arms Company. Only about 1,731 Henry rifles were purchased by the Ordnance Department between 1862 and 1865. A number of units in the West purchased them at their own expense. It was especially popular in Kentucky, Illinois, Missouri and Indiana. The 1st Maine and 1st District of Columbia cavalry regiments are known to have been issued Henry rifles. Said one confederate solider, “It’s a rifle you could load on Sunday and shoot all week long.”
See more items in:
Armed Forces History: Armed Forces History, Military
National Treasures exhibit
ThinkFinity
Exhibition:
"The Price of Freedom"
Data Source:
National Museum of American History, Kenneth E. Behring Center
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Model 1863 Springfield Rifle Musket

User:
Stockwell, Jr., Elisha
Maker:
Springfield Armory
Measurements:
overall: 8 in x 56 in x 2 in; 20.32 cm x 142.24 cm x 5.08 cm
overall: 56 in x 2 5/8 in; 142.24 cm x 6.6675 cm
Object Name:
rifle
rifle musket, percussion
Place made:
United States: Massachusetts, Springfield
Date made:
1864
Subject:
Firearms
Military
Civil War
Event:
Civil War
Related Publication:
Stockwell, Elisha Jr. and Byron R. Abernathy, ed.. Private Elisha Stockwell, Jr. Sees the Civil War
ID Number:
2012.0056.01
Catalog number:
2012.0056.01
Accession number:
2012.0056
Description (Brief):
Model 1863 Springfield Rifle Musket used by Private Elisha Stockwell, Jr. during the Civil War
Description:
On Feb. 25, 1862 at the age of 15, Elisha Stockwell, Jr. enlisted in Company 'I' of the 14th Wisconsin Volunteer Infantry. Stockwell was issued a .69-caliber Belgian rifle musket when he joined. He was wounded twice at the Battle of Shiloh, and he fought at Corinth. By the time he fought at Vicksburg, Stockwell was issued a .577-caliber Enfield rifle.
In early 1864 Stockwell was issued this .58-caliber Model 1863 Springfield rifle musket. Stockwell used this rifle at the battles of Kennesaw Mountain, and Mobile, but not at the Battle of Atlanta. Just before the Battle of Atlanta, a lieutenant sent Stockwell to find the cooks who were late with Company I’s coffee. Stockwell left his rifle and belts beside a tree and before he could find the cooks, the battle started. After the battle he returned to find his rifle and belts just where he left them.
Stockwell was promoted to Corporal in March, 1865 and mustered out of the Army in Oct., 1865. He purchased this rifle and the rest of his kit for six dollars and the rifle was passed down through his family. It was donated to the Smithsonian by his great-grandson Gordon S. Stockwell in 2012.
Location:
Currently not on view
See more items in:
Armed Forces History: Armed Forces History, Military
Data Source:
National Museum of American History, Kenneth E. Behring Center
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United States M1 Rifle

Licensee:
Garand, J. C.
Maker:
Springfield Armory
Physical Description:
wood (overall material)
steel (overall material)
Measurements:
overall: 6 in x 43 1/2 in x 3 1/2 in; 15.24 cm x 110.49 cm x 8.89 cm
Object Name:
rifle, semiautomatic
Place Made:
United States
Subject:
Military
Firearms
ThinkFinity
Event:
World War II
The Great Depression and World War II
ID Number:
AF*84450M
Catalog number:
84450M
Accession number:
1978.0623
Description:
Physical Description
United States M1 .30-caliber rifle.
Specific History
John Garand was a civil service employee. As the chief civilian engineer at the Springfield Armory in Massachusetts, he invented a semiautomatic .30-caliber rifle known as the M1 or the "Garand." His work on this rifle let the United States enter into World War II as the only country with a semiautomatic rifle as standard issue for its troops. Garand received no monetary award other than his modest civil service salary for the M-1 or his numerous other technical innovations related to weapons. A bill was introduced in Congress to grant him $100,000, but it did not pass. However, in 1941 he was awarded a Medal for Meritorious Service. In 1944 he received a U.S. Government Medal for Merit.
General History
The United States M1 Rifle, .30 caliber, is better known as the M1 Garand. This rifle made General George Patton state, "In my opinion, the M1 rifle is the greatest battle implement ever devised."
See more items in:
Armed Forces History: Armed Forces History, Military
ThinkFinity
Exhibition:
The Price of Freedom: Americans at War
Data Source:
National Museum of American History, Kenneth E. Behring Center
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Model 1855 U.S. Percussion Rifle used by Frank E. Brownell

Associated person; user:
Brownell, Frank E.
Associated person:
Ellsworth, Elmer E.
Patentee:
Maynard, E.
Maker:
Harpers Ferry Armory
Physical Description:
metal (overall material)
wood (overall material)
Measurements:
overall: 7 in x 49 in x 2 1/2 in; 17.78 cm x 124.46 cm x 6.35 cm
overall: 48 1/2 in x 2 1/4 in; 123.19 cm x 5.715 cm
Object Name:
rifle
rifle, percussion
Place made:
United States
Date made:
1860
Associated date:
1860
Subject:
Firearms
Military
Frank E. Brownell
Event:
Civil War
ID Number:
AF*202729
Catalog number:
202729
Accession number:
22306
Description (Brief):
Model 1855 U.S. Percussion Rifle, .58-caliber single shot muzzleloader with Maynard primer; lug on right side of barrel for saber bayonet; walnut stock, patchbox on right side of butt.
Description:
Col. Elmer E. Ellsworth, commander of the 11th New York Infantry, was killed on May 24, 1861. Ellsworth led a company of his men into Alexandria, VA where they saw a large Confederate flag flying over the roof of the Marshall House hotel on King Street. They went to the rooftop and lowered the flag. As they were descending they were surprised by the innkeeper, James W. Jackson. Jackson leveled a double-barrel shotgun at Ellsworth and killed him instantly with a shot to the chest. Pvt. Frank Brownell, of the 11th New York Infantry, used this Model 1855 Percussion Rifle and its bayonet to kill James Jackson.
Location:
Currently not on view
See more items in:
Armed Forces History: Armed Forces History, Military
Frank E. Brownell
Data Source:
National Museum of American History, Kenneth E. Behring Center
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Model 1842 Harpers Ferry Rifled Musket

Maker:
Springfield Armory
Physical Description:
wood (overall material)
steel (overall material)
Measurements:
overall: 6 in x 58 1/4 in x 2 1/2 in; 15.24 cm x 147.955 cm x 6.35 cm
Object Name:
musket
Place Made:
United States
Used:
United States: Virginia
Associated date:
1850
Subject:
Military
Firearms
ThinkFinity
Event:
Civil War
Civil War and Reconstruction
ID Number:
AF*273343
Maker number:
D1850
Catalog number:
273343
Accession number:
54537
Description:
Physical Description
United States Model 1842 Harpers Ferry musket, .69 caliber.
Specific History
The Model 1842 Harpers Ferry percussion musket had a smoothbore barrel. After the adoption of the .58-caliber minie bullet in 1855, musket barrels were rifled.
Location:
Currently not on view
See more items in:
Armed Forces History: Armed Forces History, Military
ThinkFinity
Data Source:
National Museum of American History, Kenneth E. Behring Center
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What Can You Do for the / Soldiers' Home Bazaar [illustrated card]

Author?:
Meech, James F
Subject:
Soldiers' Home
Physical description:
Ink on paper
1 item, 6" x 3.5"
Type:
Woodcuts
Place:
Civil War
Massachusetts
Boston (Mass.)
Gettysburg (Pa.)
United States
Date:
1881
Civil War, 1861-1865
Topic:
Rifles
Bazaar
Soldiers
Civil war
Bayonets
History
Local number:
AC0060-0001251a.tif (AC Scan No.: Soldier's Home)
AC0060-0001251b.tif (AC Scan No.: list of relics)
Notes:
In Box 3, Folder 3
Civil War Selections from the Archives Center
Summary:
Card for the Soldiers' Home Bazaar, Boston, Autumn 1881, possibly a woodcut. Image shows soldier with bayoneted rifle. On verso: "Relics of Gettysburg." List of 42 items
Cite as:
Warshaw Collection of Business Americana, Civil War series, Archives Center, National Museum of American History
See more items in:
Civil War series, Warshaw Collection of Business Americana
Data Source:
Archives Center - NMAH
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Soldier Firing a Rifle

Artist:
Winslow Homer, American, 1836–1910
Medium:
Graphite, brush and gray wash on cream colored wove paper, mounted in an album
Culture:
American
Type:
figures
Drawing
Object Name:
Drawing
Made in:
USA
Date:
1862
Period:
Civil War
Credit Line:
Gift of Charles Savage Homer, Jr.
Accession Number:
1912-12-167-b
Catalogue Status:
Research in Progress
Description:
Vertical view of a soldier firing a rifle, with graphite strokes and touches of brush and gray watercolor.
See more items in:
Cooper Hewitt, Smithsonian Design Museum Collection
Drawings, Prints, and Graphic Design Department
Data Source:
Cooper Hewitt, Smithsonian Design Museum
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Cavalry Soldier Loading a Rifle

Artist:
Winslow Homer, American, 1836–1910
Medium:
Black chalk and white crayon on gray-green laid paper
Culture:
American
Type:
figures
Drawing
Object Name:
Drawing
Made in:
USA
Date:
1863–64
Period:
Civil War
Credit Line:
Gift of Charles Savage Homer, Jr.
Accession Number:
1912-12-99
Description:
Recto: A soldier in Civil War uniform, stands in the foreground, feet spread, holding a rifle placed diagonally across his body in his left hand, using a long rod in his right hand to tamp gun powder down the barrel of the rifle.
Verso: A head is shown from the back, at center; a wounded soldier sits leaning on both hands, shown in full length and in the opposite direction, at top; and a dead soldier lies with bent knees and covers his face with his left hand, at bottom.
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Cooper Hewitt, Smithsonian Design Museum Collection
Drawings, Prints, and Graphic Design Department
Data Source:
Cooper Hewitt, Smithsonian Design Museum
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Stacked Rifles Among the Bushes.

Artist:
Winslow Homer, American, 1836–1910
Medium:
Graphite on cream colored wove paper, mounted in an album
Culture:
American
Type:
nature studies
Drawing
Object Name:
Drawing
Made in:
USA
Date:
1862
Period:
Civil War
Credit Line:
Gift of Charles Savage Homer, Jr.
Accession Number:
1912-12-179-b
Catalogue Status:
Research in Progress
Description:
Horizontal sketch indicating stacks of rifles among bushes.
See more items in:
Cooper Hewitt, Smithsonian Design Museum Collection
Drawings, Prints, and Graphic Design Department
Data Source:
Cooper Hewitt, Smithsonian Design Museum
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Soldier Resting on a Rifle

Artist:
Winslow Homer, American, 1836–1910
Medium:
Graphite on paper
Culture:
American
Type:
figures
Album page
Object Name:
Album page
Made in:
USA
Date:
1862
Period:
Civil War
Credit Line:
Gift of Charles Savage Homer, Jr.
Accession Number:
1912-12-281
Catalogue Status:
Research in Progress
Description:
At top right, vertical view with a soldier resting on his rifle, shown from the back; at left two, indistinct sketches; at bottom right, in opposite direction, a part of a horseman (soldier) shown from the left back.
See more items in:
Cooper Hewitt, Smithsonian Design Museum Collection
Drawings, Prints, and Graphic Design Department
Data Source:
Cooper Hewitt, Smithsonian Design Museum
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Twenty-Sixth / National / Encampment / Washington, D.C. / Sept. 20, 1892 / The / Awkward Squad / 1861-1865 [ribbon]

Badgemaker:
Kelley, J.P
Physical description:
Fabric
1 item, 6.8" x 2.7"
Type:
Ribbons
Place:
Civil War
Date:
1892
September 20, 1892
1880-1900
Topic:
Wit and humor
Soldiers
Bayonets
Encampments--Civil War
Civil war
Local number:
AC0060-0001286 (AC Scan No.)
Notes:
In Box 3, Folder 30
Civil War Selections from the Archives Center
Summary:
A ribbon for the Twenty-Sixth National Encampment: The Awkward Squad 1861-1865, Washington, DC, September 20, 1892. Image on ribbon includes humorous image of four soldiers with bayoneted rifles
Cite as:
Warshaw Collection of Business Americana, Civil War series, Archives Center, National Museum of American History
See more items in:
Civil War series, Warshaw Collection of Business Americana
Data Source:
Archives Center - NMAH
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Saber Bayonet for Model 1855 Rifle used by Frank E. Brownell

Associated person:
Brownell, Frank E.
Ellsworth, Elmer E.
Maker:
unknown
Measurements:
overall: 3 3/4 in x 26 1/2 in x 1 1/4 in; 9.525 cm x 67.31 cm x 3.175 cm
Object Name:
bayonet
Place made:
United States
Date made:
ca 1855
Subject:
Military
Firearms
Edged Weapons
Civil War
Frank E. Brownell
Event:
Civil War
ID Number:
AF*5611
Catalog number:
5611
Accession number:
22306
Description (Brief):
Sergeant Frank E. Brownell, of the Ellsworth Zouazes, stabbed James W. Jackson, the proprietor of the Marshall House hotel at Alexandria, VA with this bayonet. Jackson had mortally wounded Col. E.E. Ellsworth, United States Volunteers, for hauling down the Confederate flag from the hotel roof.
Location:
Currently not on view
See more items in:
Armed Forces History: Armed Forces History, Military
Frank E. Brownell
Data Source:
National Museum of American History, Kenneth E. Behring Center
Visitor Tag(s):

Designating Flag, Wilson's Cavalry Corps

Physical Description:
wool (overall material)
cotton (heading material)
paint (applied decoration material)
Measurements:
overall: 72 5/8 in x 36 3/4 in; 184.4675 cm x 93.345 cm
Object Name:
flag, designating
Subject:
Military
Flags
Designating Flags
Civil War
Flags
Civil War
Event:
Civil War
ID Number:
AF*25327C
Catalog number:
25327C
Accession number:
64127
Description:
Wool bunting swallowtail flag. White field with painted motif. Painted in the center of the flag is a red swallowtail banner depicting gold (yellow paint) crossed swords. The banner hangs from a painted chain. Painted above the banner is a yellow rifle. Reinforcement squares at both hoist corners. White cotton hoist with a metal grommet at either end. The inscription on the hoist reads "WILSONS CAVALRY ARMY/CORPS." The flag is machine stitched.
Location:
Currently not on view
See more items in:
Armed Forces History: Armed Forces History, Military
Civil War
Flags
Designating Flags
Data Source:
National Museum of American History, Kenneth E. Behring Center
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Departure of the Jordan Rifles (mural study, Allentown, Pennsylvania Post Office)

Artist:
Gifford Beal, born New York City 1879-died New York City 1956
Medium:
oil on fiberboard
Dimensions:
9 1/8 x 23 1/2 in. (23.2 x 59.7 cm)
Type:
Painting
Date:
1938
Topic:
Figure(s) in exterior\urban
Occupation\military\soldier
History\United States\Civil War
Study\mural study
New Deal\Treasury Section of Painting and Sculpture\Pennsylvania
Credit Line:
Smithsonian American Art Museum, Transfer from the General Services Administration
Object number:
1974.28.3
See more items in:
Smithsonian American Art Museum Collection
Data Source:
Smithsonian American Art Museum
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Civil War Monument, (sculpture)

Fabricator:
Frederick & Field
Medium:
Quincy granite
Type:
Sculptures-Outdoor Sculpture
Sculptures-Obelisk
Sculptures
Owner/Location:
Administered by City of Leominster Leominster Massachusetts 01453
Located Monument Square Between Main & Central Streets Leominster Massachusetts 01453
Date:
1866. Dedicated Sept. 12, 1867
Topic:
History--United States--Civil War
Control number:
IAS MA000575
Notes:
Save Outdoor Sculpture, Massachusetts survey, 1997
Summary:
A tall granite obelisk topped with a ring of stars is adorned on the lower front with a relief of crossed rifles
Data Source:
Art Inventories Catalog, Smithsonian American Art Museums
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Civil War Monument, (sculpture)

Designer:
Foley, Frank
Contractor:
Kinsman & Mills
Medium:
Sculpture: bronze; Base: Barre granite
Type:
Sculptures-Outdoor Sculpture
Sculptures
Owner/Location:
Administered by Town of Lisbon P. O. Box 222 Lisbon New Hampshire 03585
Located United Methodist Church Main Street Lisbon New Hampshire
Date:
Dedicated 1923
Topic:
History--United States--Civil War
Animal--Bird--Eagle
Control number:
IAS NH000535
Notes:
Save Outdoor Sculpture, New Hampshire survey, 1993
Summary:
A bronze eagle with wings outspread sits atop a granite shaft. The front face of the shaft is decorated near the top with a bronze relief trophy of a crossed flag and rifle. On the proper left side of the base is a bronze relief trophy of a star; and on the proper right side is a bronze relief trophy of crossed rifles. The granite shaft ends in two steps; the outer edges of the bottom step are rough-hewn
Data Source:
Art Inventories Catalog, Smithsonian American Art Museums
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Civil War Monument, (sculpture)

Soldiers Monument, (sculpture)
Fabricator:
Beggs & Lindsey
Founder:
Erie Landmark Company
Medium:
Sculpture: marble; Base: stone
Type:
Sculptures-Outdoor Sculpture
Sculptures-Obelisk
Sculptures
Owner/Location:
Coadministered by County of Venango County Commissioners Franklin Pennsylvania 16323
Coadministered by City of Franklin City Community Services, 430 13th Street Franklin Pennsylvania 16323
Located South Park Liberty & Eek Streets Franklin Pennsylvania
Date:
Dedicated Sept. 10, 1866. Rededicated July 4, 1990
Topic:
History--United States--Civil War
Animal--Bird--Eagle
Control number:
IAS PA001550
Notes:
Save Outdoor Sculpture, Pennsylvania survey, 1995
Summary:
Tall shaft topped by an eagle with outspread wings, and decorated with reliefs of crossed rifles and flags
Data Source:
Art Inventories Catalog, Smithsonian American Art Museums
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Civil War Monument, (sculpture)

Sculptor:
Blessington, Peter
Medium:
Sculpture: limestone; Base: limestone, granite
Type:
Sculptures-Outdoor Sculpture
Sculptures-Relief
Sculptures
Owner/Location:
Administered by Town of Plymouth Department of Parks & Forestry 11 Lincoln Street Plymouth Massachusetts 02360
Located Training Green Sandwich Street Plymouth Massachusetts
Date:
1869
Topic:
History--United States--Civil War
Animal--Bird--Eagle
Control number:
IAS MA000161
Notes:
Save Outdoor Sculpture, Massachusetts survey, 1996
Summary:
Monument consists of a tall rounded shaft surmounted by an eagle carved of limestone. The eagle sits, wings tucked in, with its head pointed to the proper right. The shaft sits atop a tiered square base. At the corners of the base are relief carvings of crossed flags, crossed rifles and sword, crossed oars and harpoons, a cannon, and crossed swords with a kewpi cap. The lowest tier of the base is skirted with granite
Data Source:
Art Inventories Catalog, Smithsonian American Art Museums
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Three Sketches of a Soldier Firing His Rifle

Artist:
Winslow Homer, American, 1836–1910
Medium:
Graphite on cream colored wove paper, mounted in an album
Culture:
American
Type:
figures
Drawing
Object Name:
Drawing
Made in:
USA
Date:
1862
Period:
Civil War
Credit Line:
Gift of Charles Savage Homer, Jr.
Accession Number:
1912-12-165-b
Catalogue Status:
Research in Progress
Description:
Vertical view containing three horizontal sketches of a soldier firing a rifle.
See more items in:
Cooper Hewitt, Smithsonian Design Museum Collection
Drawings, Prints, and Graphic Design Department
Data Source:
Cooper Hewitt, Smithsonian Design Museum
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