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Cook & Brother Rifle

view Cook & Brother Rifle digital asset: Cook & Brother Rifle
Maker:
Cook and Brother
Measurements:
overall: 48 1/2 in; 123.19 cm
Object Name:
rifle
rifle, percussion
Place made:
United States: Georgia, Athens
United States: Confederate States of America
Date made:
1864
Associated date:
1864
Description (Brief):
Ferdinand and Francis Cook were Englishmen who produced Enfield type firearms in New Orleans at the beginning of the Civil War. When New Orleans fell to the Union Navy in 1862 they relocated to Athens, GA and continued to produce rifles, musketoons and carbines for the Confederacy. This .58 caliber Infantry rifle closely resembles a P1858 Enfield rifle.
Location:
Currently not on view
Subject:
Firearms
Related event:
Civil War
Credit Line:
Navy Department
ID Number:
AF.257062
Catalog number:
257062
Serial number:
5620
Accession number:
50774
See more items in:
Armed Forces History: Armed Forces History, Military
Military
Civil War
Data Source:
National Museum of American History
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:nmah_417338
Additional Online Media:

British Pattern 1853 Rifle

view British Pattern 1853 Rifle digital asset: Pattern 1853 Rifle
Licensee:
Enfield
Maker:
London Armoury Company
Measurements:
overall, rifle: 54 3/4 in x 2 3/8 in; 139.065 cm x 6.0325 cm
Object Name:
rifle
rifle musket, percussion
Place made:
United Kingdom
Date made:
1862
Associated date:
1862
Description (Brief):
The .577 caliber British Pattern 1853 Rifle-Musket was the second most widely used firearm of the Civil War. A favorite of Confederate soldiers, it was also imported by the Union to keep up with the demand for rifles.
Location:
Currently not on view
Subject:
Firearms
Related event:
Civil War
Credit Line:
U.S. Military Service Institute
ID Number:
AF.32777
Catalog number:
32777
Accession number:
69413
See more items in:
Armed Forces History: Armed Forces History, Military
Military
Civil War
Data Source:
National Museum of American History
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:nmah_414637
Additional Online Media:

Remington 1863 Contract Rifle

view Remington 1863 Contract Rifle digital asset: Remington 1863 Contract Rifle
Maker:
Remington Arms Company, Inc.
Measurements:
overall, rifle: 49 in x 2 1/4 in; 124.46 cm x 5.715 cm
Object Name:
rifle
rifle, percussion
Place made:
United States
Date made:
1863
Associated date:
1863
Description (Brief):
Also known as the "Zouave Rifle," the .58-caliber muzzle loading 1863 Remington was referred to as "Harpers Ferry Pattern" in official Army documents. Although over 12,000 were manufactured, exactly who used them and how they acquired the name Zouave are mysteries.
Location:
Currently not on view
Subject:
Firearms
Related event:
Civil War
ID Number:
AF.22827
Catalog number:
22827
Accession number:
64127
See more items in:
Armed Forces History: Armed Forces History, Military
Military
Civil War
Data Source:
National Museum of American History
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:nmah_414408
Additional Online Media:

Edwin Wesson Match Rifle

view Edwin Wesson Match Rifle digital asset: Edwin Wesson Match Rifle
Maker:
Wesson, Edwin
Measurements:
overall: 47 1/2 in x 2 3/8 in; 120.65 cm x 6.0325 cm
Object Name:
rifle
rifle, percussion
Place made:
United States
Date made:
ca 1849
Description (Brief):
This .45 caliber rifle was designed for use in shooting matches. Made by Edwin Wesson (the older brother of Daniel Wesson of Smith & Wesson), it was used in the Civil War by Edwin J. Stanclift of the 8th Company, 1st Battalion, New York Sharpshooters. The telescopic sight was made by C.D. Abbey of Chicago.
Location:
Currently not on view
Subject:
Firearms
Related event:
Civil War
Credit Line:
Ralph G. Packard
ID Number:
AF.43490
Catalog number:
43490
Accession number:
164794
See more items in:
Armed Forces History: Armed Forces History, Military
Military
Civil War
Data Source:
National Museum of American History
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:nmah_414953
Additional Online Media:

US Model 1841 Rifle

view US Model 1841 Rifle digital asset number 1
Maker:
Whitney Arms Company
Measurements:
overall: 7 in x 49 1/4 in x 2 3/4 in; 17.78 cm x 125.095 cm x 6.985 cm
Object Name:
rifle
rifle, percussion
Place made:
United States
Date made:
1855
Description (Brief):
Put into production at Harpers Ferry in 1846, the Model 1841 is also known as the Mississippi Rifle due to its success in the Mexican War with the Mississippi regiment under the command of Colonel Jefferson Davis. Approximately 70,000 Model 1841s were produced by Harpers Ferry and contractors between 1846 and 1855. In 1861, these .54 caliber rifles were put back into service on both sides.
Location:
Currently not on view
Subject:
Firearms
Related event:
Civil War
ID Number:
AF.272955
Catalog number:
272955
Accession number:
54205
See more items in:
Armed Forces History: Armed Forces History, Military
Military
Civil War
Data Source:
National Museum of American History
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:nmah_417407
Additional Online Media:

Model 1861 U.S. Rifle Musket

view Model 1861 U.S. Rifle Musket digital asset: Model 1861 Rifle Musket
Maker:
Springfield Armory
Measurements:
overall, musket: 56 in x 2 1/2 in; 142.24 cm x 6.35 cm
Object Name:
rifle
rifle musket
rifle musket, percussion
Place made:
United States
Date made:
1862
Associated date:
1862
Description (Brief):
The Model 1861 Rifle Musket was the standard issue infantry arm used throughout the Civil War. A soldier attached an infantry cap badge to the stock of this particular rifle. Originally made by the Springfield Armory, the U.S. government contracted with twenty private firms to meet the war time demand for rifles. It is estimated that about one million Model 1861–type rifle muskets were manufactured during the war.
Location:
Currently not on view
Subject:
Firearms
Civil War
Related event:
Civil War
ID Number:
AF.20402
Catalog number:
20402
Accession number:
63242
See more items in:
Armed Forces History: Armed Forces History, Military
Military
Civil War
Data Source:
National Museum of American History
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:nmah_414389
Additional Online Media:

Navy "Whitney-Plymouth" Percussion Rifle

view Navy "Whitney-Plymouth" Percussion Rifle digital asset: Plymouth Rifle Whitneyville Armory
Commissioner:
Dahlgren, John A.
Maker:
Whitney Arms Company
Measurements:
overall: 50 in x 2 3/4 in; 127 cm x 6.985 cm
Object Name:
rifle
rifle, percussion
Place made:
United States
Date made:
1863
Description (Brief):
The Whitney 1861 Navy Rifle, also known as the Plymouth or Whitney-Plymouth was designed from the recommendations of Captain John A. Dahlgren, the famous Navy Ordnance officer. The .69 caliber muzzle loading rifle was developed and tested on board Dahlgren's ship, the U.S.S. Plymouth, 1856-1858. The Whitney Arms Company supplied the U.S. Navy with about ten thousand Plymouths.
Location:
Currently not on view
Subject:
Firearms
Related event:
Civil War
ID Number:
AF.256986
Catalog number:
256986
Accession number:
50774
Serial number:
4231
See more items in:
Armed Forces History: Armed Forces History, Military
Military
Civil War
Data Source:
National Museum of American History
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:nmah_417307
Additional Online Media:

Sharps Rifle

view Sharps Rifle digital asset number 1
Licensee:
Sharps, C.
Maker:
Sharps
Physical Description:
steel (overall material)
wood (overall material)
Measurements:
overall: 7 in x 47 in x 2 in; 17.78 cm x 119.38 cm x 5.08 cm
Object Name:
rifle
Place Made:
United States
Description:
Physical Description
United States Sharps rifle Model 1859, .52 caliber.
Specific History
This type of rifle was carried by the 5th New York Zouaves.
General History
The 5th New York Volunteer Infantry, "Duryée's Zouaves," was one of the most renowned fighting regiments of the American Civil War. Their colorful Zouave uniforms were based on those of the elite Zouave battalion of the French Army, whose dashing appearance matched its fighting abilities. Their precise maneuvers, effectiveness in combat, and steady bearing under fire won them universal respect and recognition. "I doubt whether it had an equal," General George Sykes said of the 5th New York, "and certainly no superior among all the regiments of the Army of the Potomac." Many observers considered the 5th New York to be the best-drilled volunteer unit in the federal army.
Subject:
Firearms
Related event:
Civil War
Civil War and Reconstruction
Credit Line:
Louise Walcott Knowlton Browne
ID Number:
AF.10533
Catalog number:
10533
Accession number:
45676
See more items in:
Armed Forces History: Armed Forces History, Military
Military
ThinkFinity
Exhibition:
"The Price of Freedom: Americans at War"
Exhibition Location:
National Museum of American History
Data Source:
National Museum of American History
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:nmah_414366

Spencer Repeating Rifle used by Abraham Lincoln

view Spencer Repeating Rifle used by Abraham Lincoln digital asset: Spencer Repeating Rifle used by Lincoln
Associated person:
Lincoln, Abraham
Maker:
Spencer Repeating Arms Company
Measurements:
overall: 47 1/4 in; 120.015 cm
Object Name:
rifle
Place made:
United States
Date made:
ca 1862
Description (Brief):
The Spencer repeating rifle took a magazine in the stock holding seven metallic cartridges. The trigger guard was a lever that loaded cartridges and ejected spent shells. This particular rifle was used by Abraham Lincoln for target practice at the White House. The rifle was borrowed from the Navy Department and was fired in the "White Lot."
Location:
Currently not on view
Subject:
Firearms
Related event:
Civil War
ID Number:
AF.297603.3
Accession number:
297603
Catalog number:
297603.3
Serial number:
9753
See more items in:
Armed Forces History: Armed Forces History, Military
Military
Civil War
Data Source:
National Museum of American History
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:nmah_1199105
Additional Online Media:

Henry Presentation Rifle

view Henry Presentation Rifle digital asset: Lincoln's Henry Rifle
Recipient:
Lincoln, Abraham
Maker:
New Haven Arms Company
Physical Description:
steel (overall material)
wood (overall material)
gold (overall material)
Measurements:
overall: 8 in x 43 1/2 in x 1 1/4 in; 20.32 cm x 110.49 cm x 3.175 cm
Object Name:
rifle
Place Made:
United States: Connecticut, New Haven
Date made:
1862
Description:
Physical Description
Henry Rifle, serial number 6, .44 caliber, forged steel, wooden stock, engraved gold mounting with floral design and “Lincoln/ President/U.S.A." on right side. Top of barrel is stamped “Henry’s Patent Oct. 16, 1860/Manufactured New Haven Arms Company New Haven, Ct.”
Specific History
This gold-mounted, engraved Henry rifle was presented to Abraham Lincoln in an effort to obtain his influence in their purchase for the war effort. This rifle was awarded the National Rifle Association Collectors Society Gold Medal as an outstanding historical firearm.
General History
The Henry, the first practical, lever action, repeating rifle, is the immediate forerunner of the famous Winchester rifles. About 14,000 were made between 1860 and 1866 by the New Haven Arms Company. Only about 1,731 Henry rifles were purchased by the Ordnance Department between 1862 and 1865. A number of units in the West purchased them at their own expense. It was especially popular in Kentucky, Illinois, Missouri and Indiana. The 1st Maine and 1st District of Columbia cavalry regiments are known to have been issued Henry rifles. Said one confederate soldier, “It’s a rifle you could load on Sunday and shoot all week long.”
Subject:
Presidents
Firearms
Related event:
Civil War
Civil War and Reconstruction
Related Publication:
Kendrick, Kathleen M. and Peter C. Liebhold. Smithsonian Treasures of American History
National Museum of American History. Treasures of American History online exhibition
Related Web Publication:
http://americanhistory.si.edu/treasures
Credit Line:
Robert Lincoln Beckwith
ID Number:
AF.67880M
Catalog number:
67880M
Accession number:
246404
Serial number:
6
See more items in:
Armed Forces History: Armed Forces History, Military
National Treasures exhibit
Military
ThinkFinity
Exhibition:
"The Price of Freedom"
Exhibition Location:
National Museum of American History
Data Source:
National Museum of American History
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:nmah_881516
Additional Online Media:

United States M1 Rifle

view United States M1 Rifle digital asset number 1
Licensee:
Garand, J. C.
Maker:
Springfield Armory
Physical Description:
wood (overall material)
steel (overall material)
Measurements:
overall: 6 in x 43 1/2 in x 3 1/2 in; 15.24 cm x 110.49 cm x 8.89 cm
Object Name:
rifle, semiautomatic
Place Made:
United States
Description:
Physical Description
United States M1 .30-caliber rifle.
Specific History
John Garand was a civil service employee. As the chief civilian engineer at the Springfield Armory in Massachusetts, he invented a semiautomatic .30-caliber rifle known as the M1 or the "Garand." His work on this rifle let the United States enter into World War II as the only country with a semiautomatic rifle as standard issue for its troops. Garand received no monetary award other than his modest civil service salary for the M-1 or his numerous other technical innovations related to weapons. A bill was introduced in Congress to grant him $100,000, but it did not pass. However, in 1941 he was awarded a Medal for Meritorious Service. In 1944 he received a U.S. Government Medal for Merit.
General History
The United States M1 Rifle, .30 caliber, is better known as the M1 Garand. This rifle made General George Patton state, "In my opinion, the M1 rifle is the greatest battle implement ever devised."
Subject:
Firearms
Related event:
World War II
The Great Depression and World War II
Credit Line:
Department of Defense. Marine Corps Museum
ID Number:
AF.84450M
Catalog number:
84450M
Accession number:
1978.0623
See more items in:
Armed Forces History: Armed Forces History, Military
Military
ThinkFinity
Exhibition:
The Price of Freedom: Americans at War
Exhibition Location:
National Museum of American History
Data Source:
National Museum of American History
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:nmah_418516

Model 1863 Springfield Rifle Musket

view Model 1863 Springfield Rifle Musket digital asset number 1
User:
Stockwell, Jr., Elisha
Maker:
Springfield Armory
Measurements:
overall: 8 in x 56 in x 2 in; 20.32 cm x 142.24 cm x 5.08 cm
overall: 56 in x 2 5/8 in; 142.24 cm x 6.6675 cm
Object Name:
rifle
rifle musket, percussion
Place made:
United States: Massachusetts, Springfield
Date made:
1864
Description (Brief):
Model 1863 Springfield Rifle Musket used by Private Elisha Stockwell, Jr. during the Civil War
Description:
On Feb. 25, 1862 at the age of 15, Elisha Stockwell, Jr. enlisted in Company 'I' of the 14th Wisconsin Volunteer Infantry. Stockwell was issued a .69-caliber Belgian rifle musket when he joined. He was wounded twice at the Battle of Shiloh, and he fought at Corinth. By the time he fought at Vicksburg, Stockwell was issued a .577-caliber Enfield rifle.
In early 1864 Stockwell was issued this .58-caliber Model 1863 Springfield rifle musket. Stockwell used this rifle at the battles of Kennesaw Mountain, and Mobile, but not at the Battle of Atlanta. Just before the Battle of Atlanta, a lieutenant sent Stockwell to find the cooks who were late with Company I’s coffee. Stockwell left his rifle and belts beside a tree and before he could find the cooks, the battle started. After the battle he returned to find his rifle and belts just where he left them.
Stockwell was promoted to Corporal in March, 1865 and mustered out of the Army in Oct., 1865. He purchased this rifle and the rest of his kit for six dollars and the rifle was passed down through his family. It was donated to the Smithsonian by his great-grandson Gordon S. Stockwell in 2012.
Location:
Currently not on view
Subject:
Firearms
Civil War
Related event:
Civil War
Related Publication:
Stockwell, Elisha Jr. and Byron R. Abernethy, ed.. Private Elisha Stockwell, Jr. Sees the Civil War
ID Number:
2012.0056.01
Catalog number:
2012.0056.01
Accession number:
2012.0056
See more items in:
Armed Forces History: Armed Forces History, Military
Military
Data Source:
National Museum of American History
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:nmah_1417598
Additional Online Media:

Samuel Adams Papers

view Samuel Adams Papers digital asset: Letter
Donor:
Hollingsworth, Robert K.
Hollingsworth, Robert K.
Author:
Adams, Samuel
Names:
Lincoln, Abraham, 1809-1865
Extent:
0.15 cubic feet (1 box )
Type:
Archival materials
Collection descriptions
Place:
Fredericksburg (Va.)
Gettysburg (Pa.)
Antietam (Md.)
Date:
1862-1933
bulk 1862-1865
Summary:
The Samuel Adams Papers document a surgeon's perspective on several major battles and events occurring during the United States Civil War.
Scope and Contents:
This collection is divided into four series and includes letters and other papers of the Civil War surgeon Samuel Adams, as well as two CDs containing scans of the letters and transcriptions, and other documentation. The letters were sent to Adams's family and were written from the sites of major battles of the Civil War, including Antietam, Fredericksburg and Gettysburg. One letter mentions Lincoln's assassination. The collection contains medical papers written by Adams, a military pass, and a list of "maxims" written by Adams's body servant, WIlliam. Additionally, genealogical information connecting the collection donor to Samuel Adams, transcriptions of all handwritten documentation, and a copy of Grandfather to Grandson, which is a collection of letters written by the donor's great-grandfather during the Great Depression, are included.
Arrangement:
Collection is arranged into four series.

Series 1: Supplemental Documentation, 1862-1933, undated

Series 2: Civil War Letters, 1862-1865 (bulk 1862-1863)

Series 3: Medical Papers, undated

Series 4: Miscellaneous Documents, 1861 July 16, undated
Biographical / Historical:
Samuel Adams was born in Maine around 1839, and was a surgeon for the Union Army during the United States Civil War. Adams enlisted on April 16, 1862 as an assistant surgeon, and was commissioned into the U.S. Army Medical Staff as part of the regular Army. Adams received two promotions by brevet during the war to Captain and then to Major. He was present during the battles of Antietam, Fredericksburg, and Gettysburg, and died of yellow fever on September 9,1867 in Galveston, Texas.
Provenance:
Collection donated by Robert K. Hollingsworth on September 26, 2013.
Restrictions:
Collection is open for research.
Rights:
Collection items available for reproduction, but the Archives Center makes no guarantees concerning copyright restrictions. Other intellectual property rights may apply. Archives Center cost-recovery and use fees may apply when requesting reproductions.
Topic:
Antietam, Battle of, Md.,1862
Assassinations
Gettysburg, Battle of, Gettysburg, Pa., 1863
Fredericksburg, Battle of, Fredericksburg, Va.,1862
Civil war -- United States
Surgeons -- United States
Medical sciences
Genre/Form:
Medical notes
Letters (correspondence) -- 1860-1870
Compact discs
Citation:
Samuel Adams Papers, Archives Center, National Museum of American History.
Identifier:
NMAH.AC.1310
See more items in:
Samuel Adams Papers
Archival Repository:
Archives Center, National Museum of American History
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-nmah-ac-1310
1 Page(s) matching your search term, top most relevant ones are shown: View entire completed project in transcription center
  • View Samuel Adams Papers digital asset number 1
Additional Online Media:

Saber Bayonet for the Confederate Cook & Brother Rifle

view Saber Bayonet for the Confederate Cook & Brother Rifle digital asset number 1
Maker:
Cook and Brother
Measurements:
overall: 4 in x 27 1/2 in x 1 in; 10.16 cm x 69.85 cm x 2.54 cm
part: blade: 22 1/2 in; 57.15 cm
Object Name:
bayonet
bayonet, saber
Place made:
United States: Georgia
United States: Confederate States of America
Date made:
ca 1861
Description (Brief):
This saber bayonet was made for use on the Confederate Cook & Brother rifle. The hilt is marked "SUNFLOWERGUARD." The Sunflower Guards were Company I of the 21st Mississippi Infantry Regiment. The company was raised in Sunflower County, Mississippi.
Location:
Currently not on view
Subject:
Edged Weapons
Related event:
Civil War
Credit Line:
Estate of Cassie Mason Myers Julian-James
ID Number:
AF.33697
Catalog number:
33697
Accession number:
70138
Serial number:
44
See more items in:
Armed Forces History: Armed Forces History, Military
Military
Civil War
Data Source:
National Museum of American History
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:nmah_412322

Model 1855 U.S. Percussion Rifle used by Frank E. Brownell

view Model 1855 U.S. Percussion Rifle used by Frank E. Brownell digital asset: Model 1855 U.S. Percussion Rifle
Associated person; user:
Brownell, Frank E.
Associated person:
Ellsworth, Elmer E.
Patentee:
Maynard, E.
Maker:
Harpers Ferry Armory
Physical Description:
metal (overall material)
wood (overall material)
Measurements:
overall: 7 in x 49 in x 2 1/2 in; 17.78 cm x 124.46 cm x 6.35 cm
overall: 48 1/2 in x 2 1/4 in; 123.19 cm x 5.715 cm
Object Name:
rifle
rifle, percussion
Place made:
United States
Date made:
1860
Associated date:
1860
Description (Brief):
Model 1855 U.S. Percussion Rifle, .58-caliber single shot muzzleloader with Maynard primer; lug on right side of barrel for saber bayonet; walnut stock, patchbox on right side of butt.
Description:
Col. Elmer E. Ellsworth, commander of the 11th New York Infantry, was killed on May 24, 1861. Ellsworth led a company of his men into Alexandria, VA where they saw a large Confederate flag flying over the roof of the Marshall House hotel on King Street. They went to the rooftop and lowered the flag. As they were descending they were surprised by the innkeeper, James W. Jackson. Jackson leveled a double-barrel shotgun at Ellsworth and killed him instantly with a shot to the chest. Pvt. Frank Brownell, of the 11th New York Infantry, used this Model 1855 Percussion Rifle and its bayonet to kill James Jackson.
Location:
Currently not on view
Subject:
Firearms
Related event:
Civil War
Credit Line:
Frank E. Brownell
ID Number:
AF.202729
Catalog number:
202729
Accession number:
22306
See more items in:
Armed Forces History: Armed Forces History, Military
Frank E. Brownell
Military
Data Source:
National Museum of American History
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:nmah_414336
Additional Online Media:

Model 1864 Burnside Carbine

view Model 1864 Burnside Carbine digital asset: Burnside Carbine
Patentee:
Burnside, Ambrose E.
Maker:
Burnside Rifle Company
Measurements:
overall, carbine: 39 1/2 in x 2 1/4 in; 100.33 cm x 5.715 cm
Object Name:
carbine
carbine, percussion
Place made:
United States
Date made:
ca 1863
Description (Brief):
This .54 caliber breech-loading carbine was designed in the 1850s by Ambrose E. Burnside who became a Major General in the Civil War. It fired cartridges with copper or foil casings. The Union purchased over 55,000 of them for use by cavalry.
Location:
Currently not on view
Subject:
Firearms
Related event:
Civil War
ID Number:
AF.209405
Catalog number:
209405
Accession number:
37586
Serial number:
17107
See more items in:
Armed Forces History: Armed Forces History, Military
Military
Civil War
Data Source:
National Museum of American History
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:nmah_416583
Additional Online Media:

Colt Model 1861 Special Musket:

view Colt Model 1861 Special Musket: digital asset: Colt Model 1861 Special Musket
Maker:
Colt's Patent Firearms Manufacturing Company
Measurements:
overall, musket: 56 1/2 in x 2 3/8 in; 143.51 cm x 6.0325 cm
Object Name:
rifle
rifle musket, percussion
Place made:
United States
Date made:
1863
Associated date:
1863
Description (Brief):
Colt's Patent Firearms Manufacturing Company produced approximately 100,000 .58 caliber rifle muskets for government contract during the Civil War. An unknown number, rejected by U.S. military inspectors, were sold on the civilian market.
Location:
Currently not on view
Subject:
Firearms
Related event:
Civil War
ID Number:
AF.272952
Catalog number:
272952
Accession number:
54205
See more items in:
Armed Forces History: Armed Forces History, Military
Military
Civil War
Data Source:
National Museum of American History
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:nmah_417404
Additional Online Media:

Richmond Armory Musket

view Richmond Armory Musket digital asset: Richmond Armory Rifle Musket
Maker:
Richmond Armory
Measurements:
overall, musket: 56 in x 2 3/8 in; 142.24 cm x 6.0325 cm
Object Name:
rifle
rifle musket, percussion
Place made:
United States: Virginia, Richmond
United States: Confederate States of America
Date made:
1863
Associated date:
1863
Description (Brief):
Virginia seized the equipment used for making Model 1855 Rifle Muskets at Harpers Ferry when she seceded from the Union in 1861. The machinery was moved to Richmond where this rifle musket was made. The Model 1855 patterns account for the hump shape of the lockplate.
Location:
Currently not on view
Subject:
Firearms
Related event:
Civil War
ID Number:
AF.32782
Catalog number:
32782
Accession number:
69413
See more items in:
Armed Forces History: Armed Forces History, Military
Military
Civil War
Data Source:
National Museum of American History
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:nmah_414640
Additional Online Media:

What the Final, Major 150th Anniversary Civil War Reenactment Looked Like

view What the Final, Major 150th Anniversary Civil War Reenactment Looked Like digital asset number 1
Creator:
Smithsonian Magazine
Type:
Blog posts
Smithsonian staff publications
Blog posts
Published Date:
Mon, 13 Apr 2015 17:51:00 +0000
Blog Post Category:
Articles
U.S. History
The Civil War
Travel
Description:

Soldiers fought in Virginia last week, though without real ammunition in their guns. To mark the final chapter in four years of 150th anniversaries, this time the skirmishes at Appomattox Court House and the surrender of Confederate forces that followed, Civil War reenactors donned historically accurate uniforms, mounted horses and slept overnight in 1865-style tents. Rifles set off a haze of smoke, though specialists from the National Park Service made sure that the gunpowder was used safely.

For reenactors who consider themselves “authentic campaigners”—men and women who take their roles as reenactors very seriously—the events of April 9 were not just historically significant, but the ultimate display of reenactor pride: There were horses. There were mud-sullied uniforms embroidered just so. There were cannons and there were battle-worn flags.

Authenticity reigns at battles like this, and perhaps especially on such a prominent anniversary, the last major one for at least another 25 years. As the list of rules on the Appomattox Historical Society’s website instructs, reenactors had to take extra care to wear natural fibers, period-cut clothing and historically accurate glasses (no plastic frames allowed). For women who wanted to participate, passing as male was of utmost importance. According to the society’s official list of “impression standards,” “Women portraying soldiers in the ranks should make every reasonable effort to hide their gender. Thousands, [sic] of women passed themselves off as men in order to serve as soldiers during the war—on both sides.”

Reenactors also had to keep cell phones away from view, drink only out of old-school containers, and cook and eat only with utensils appropriate for the Civil War period. 

After the battle, participants recreated the moment that Ulysses S. Grant and Robert E. Lee signed an armistice after four exhausting, heart-rending years at war. Lee, realizing his army was “famished, exhausted and surrounded,” told a lone Confederate horseman to wave a white towel as a flag of truce. The Union army, led by General Grant, would accept nothing short of a full surrender, and eventually the fighting stopped, despite a few remaining skirmishes before news of the end of the war made its way through the nation.

See above for one spectator’s fascinating photos of the reenactors’ battle. And for more about the sesquicentennial of the end of the Civil War, see Smithsonian.com’s guide to the war’s secrets, poetry and legacy, or our list of underappreciated and forgotten Civil War sites.

Topic:
0
See more post:
Smithsonian Article Database
Data Source:
Smithsonian Magazine
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:posts_6aa0eac27687e551b1b39aac90c337d2

What Can You Do for the / Soldiers' Home Bazaar [illustrated card]

view What Can You Do for the / Soldiers' Home Bazaar [illustrated card] digital asset number 1
Author?:
Meech, James F
Subject:
Soldiers' Home
Physical description:
Ink on paper
1 item, 6" x 3.5"
Type:
Woodcuts
Place:
Civil War
Massachusetts
Boston (Mass.)
Gettysburg (Pa.)
United States
Date:
1881
Civil War, 1861-1865
Notes:
In Box 3, Folder 3.
Civil War Selections from the Archives Center
Public domain.
Summary:
Card for the Soldiers' Home Bazaar, Boston, Autumn 1881, possibly a woodcut. Image shows soldier with bayoneted rifle. On verso: "Relics of Gettysburg." List of 42 items.
Cite as:
Warshaw Collection of Business Americana, Civil War series, Archives Center, National Museum of American History
Repository Loc.:
Smithsonian Institution, National Museum of American History : Archives Center. P.O. Box 37012, MRC 601, Constitution Ave., between 12th and 14th Sts., N.W., Washington, D.C. 20013-7012. Call 202-633-3270 for appointment. Fax: 202-786-2453
Topic:
Rifles
Bazaar
Soldiers
Civil war
Bayonets
History
Local number:
AC0060-0001251a.tif (AC Scan No.: Soldier's Home)
AC0060-0001251b.tif (AC Scan No.: list of relics)
See more items in:
Civil War series, Warshaw Collection of Business Americana
Data Source:
Archives Center, National Museum of American History
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_arc_297532
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