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MS 7500 Tichkematse book of drawings

Creator:
Tichkematse, 1857-1932  Search this
Depicted:
Bliss, Zenas Randall, 1835-1900  Search this
Extent:
21 Drawings (graphite, watercolor, and ink, 14 x 22 cm.)
Culture:
Cheyenne Indians  Search this
Indians of North America -- Great Plains  Search this
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Drawings
Ledger drawings
Photographs
Date:
1887 April
Scope and Contents:
Drawings in a small notebook of ruled paper, now disbound, covers retained. Drawings document an 1887 hunting excursion taken by Colonel Bliss of Fort Supply (in Indian Territory) and Major John Dunlop, a visitor to the fort from Washington D.C.. Included in the manuscript are a cyanotype picture featuring Colonel Bliss, end papers, and covers of the book as well as a typescript note pasted to the inside cover describing the drawings. The inscription reads as follows: "This pictorial history of various hunts made by Cheyenne Indians, and white men, was drawn and painted entirely by Squint Eye, a Cheyenne and Sergeant of the Scouts at Fort Supply, Indian Territory, April 1887. It will be observed that Sergt. Squint Eye, and Major Dunlop are the most important personages represented ; and it will also be observed that the Sergt. never forgets to put on his stripes, or chevrons. If any difference is noticed between the verbal report made by the major, of his encounter with the Catamount, and Squint eye's representation of it, it will please be ascribed to the native Scotch and Cheyenne modesty of the participants. Fort Supply, I.T., April 17, 1887, with compliments of Z.R. Bliss, on this his birthday." Many drawings are inscribed names identifying the figures, most of whom are Cheyenne men who were enlisted as Army scouts.
Biographical / Historical:
Tichkematse a.k.a. Squint Eyes, Quchkeimus (1857-1932) was one of the best known groups of Plains artists was among the men held prisoner at Fort Marion in Saint Augustine, Florida, from 1875-1878. Tichkematse, a Cheyenne, was one of these prisoner artists. While imprisoned, he learned to speak English and to read and write. Upon release he attended school at the Hampton Institute in Virginia for about a year before coming to the Smithsonian. There he was trained in the preparation of bird and mammal specimens for study and display. During his time at the Smithsonian, he also produced drawings illustrating his old life on the Plains, full of buffalo hunts and battles as well as everyday camp life. In 1880 he returned to the Cheyenne and Arapaho Reservation in what is now Oklahoma, but he continued his affiliation with the Smithsonian. He was active in collecting bird and mammal specimens as well as craft items acquired from Cheyenne friends and relatives, which he shipped to the museum. For additional information on Tichkematse, see Plains Indian Art from Fort Marion by Karen Daniels Petersen (University of Oklahoma Press, Norman, OK 1971), "Squint Eyes: Artist and Indian Scout" by Bob Rea, (2002) www.nmnh.si.edu/naa/scout, and "Tichkematse: A Cheyenne at the Smithsonian" by Candace Greene, (2000) www.nmnh.si.edu/naa/squint_eyes/squint_eyes.htm. For further information on the Cheyenne scouts and their artwork, see "Artists in Blue: the Indian Scouts of Fort Reno and Fort Supply," by Candace S. Greene (American Indian Art Magazine, Winter 1992, pp.50-57) Major John Dunlop was a supply sergeant in San Antonio before the Civil War, then went to Mexico, and later to Washington. While in Washington he met Col. Bliss and the maintained a friendship over time, resulting in his visiting Bliss in Indian Territory and participating in the hunt depicted.
Fort Supply, established in 1868, was initially designated as a supply camp where U.S. Cavalry troops could restock and refresh themselves. It was from this post that Custer and the Seventh Cavalry marched to the Battle of Washita. Over the next twenty-five years, soldiers from Fort Supply performed duties that included peace-keeping and monitoring of the Cheyenne and Arapaho reservation and the Cherokee Outlet as well as monitoring the Land Run of 1893. From 1869 to early 1870, the post served as the temporary location for the Cheyenne and Arapaho Indian Agency. For more information on Fort Supply see Fort Supply, Indian Territory: Frontier Outpost by Robert C. Carriker, 1990 Norman: University of Oklahoma Press; and "History of Fort Supply" at http://www.ok-history.mus.ok.us/mus-sites/fshistory.htm.
Local Numbers:
NAA ACC 91-13

NAA MS 7500
Place:
United States Indian Territory Fort Supply.
United States Oklahoma Fort Supply.
Album Information:
MS 7500 000
Genre/Form:
Ledger drawings
Photographs
Citation:
Manuscript 7500, National Anthropological Archives, Smithsonian Institution
Identifier:
NAA.MS7500
See more items in:
MS 7500 Tichkematse book of drawings
Archival Repository:
National Anthropological Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-naa-ms7500
Additional Online Media:

Emma, Queen of Hawaii

Attribution:
Mathew Brady Studio, active 1844 - 1894  Search this
Printer:
Chicago Albumen Works  Search this
Sitter:
Emma Rooke, 1836 - 1885  Search this
Medium:
Modern albumen print from wet plate collodion negative
Dimensions:
Image: 9.3 × 5.7 cm (3 11/16 × 2 1/4")
Sheet: 12.8 × 10.2 cm (5 1/16 × 4")
Culture:
Emma Rooke: Pacific Islander\Native Hawaiian  Search this
Type:
Photograph
Date:
1866 (printed later)
Topic:
Costume\Jewelry  Search this
Costume\Jewelry\Necklace  Search this
Costume\Jewelry\Earring  Search this
Interior  Search this
Costume\Jewelry\Chain  Search this
Costume\Jewelry\Pendant  Search this
Costume\Headgear\Veil  Search this
Costume\Dress Accessory\Belt  Search this
Emma Rooke: Female  Search this
Emma Rooke: Rulers and Nobility\Queen  Search this
Portrait  Search this
Credit Line:
National Portrait Gallery, Smithsonian Institution; Frederick Hill Meserve Collection
Object number:
NPG.81.M704.D1
See more items in:
National Portrait Gallery Collection
Exhibition:
American Origins
Storied Women of the Civil War Era
On View:
NPG, East Gallery 110b
NPG, East Gallery 110b
Data Source:
National Portrait Gallery
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:npg_NPG.81.M704.D1

White Buffalo Head pictographic letter to Minimic

Creator:
White Buffalo Head.  Search this
Addressee:
Minimic (Cheyenne)  Search this
Annotator:
Pratt, Richard Henry, 1840-1924  Search this
Names:
Fort Marion artists  Search this
Extent:
2 Items (leaves of drawings , graphite, colored pencil, and ink, 20 x 27 cm.)
Culture:
Cheyenne Indians  Search this
Indians of North America -- Great Plains  Search this
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Pictographs
Ledger drawings
Letters
Date:
ca. 1877
Scope and Contents:
From White Buffalo Head and family to his father, Minimic, then imprisoned at Fort Marion in St. Augustine, Florida. The letter, which spans two sheets of paper, is annotated with explanations provided by Richard H. Pratt. Shows White Buffalo, his father Minimic, members of Minimic's family and other Cheyennes. Also included is a map showing the North Canadian River and tributaries and neighboring trails, camps (identified by chief's name), the Cheyenne and Arapaho agency, fields identified by owners, etc. A legend, and a note, in the hand of Richard H. Pratt identifies elements of the drawing and its provenance. One leaf of paper has letterhead of Cheyenne and Arapaho, etc.
Biographical / Historical:
White Buffalo Head's father, Minimic or Eagle Head, was a Cheyenne prisoner at Fort Marion, Florida. (USNM-P Volume I, 1878, page 204).
Richard Henry Pratt (1840-1924) was a career Army officer, beginning as a soldier in the Civil War and participating in the Indian wars on the frontier. He was in charge of a group of seventy-two Indian prisoners at St. Augustine, Florida, 1875-78, and subsequently founded the Carlisle Indian School in Pennsylvania. For more information about Richard Henry Pratt, see his autobiography Battlefield and Classroom; Four Decades with the American Indian, 1867-1904, 1964, New Haven: Yale University Press.
Local Numbers:
NAA MS 30,740

NAA INV 08500000

NAA INV 08500100
Place:
United States Indian Territory Darlington.
United States Oklahoma Darlington.
Topic:
Language and languages -- Documentation  Search this
Genre/Form:
Pictographs -- Cheyenne
Ledger drawings
Letters
Citation:
Manuscript 30,740, National Anthropological Archives, Smithsonian Institution
Identifier:
NAA.MS30740
Archival Repository:
National Anthropological Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-naa-ms30740
Additional Online Media:

Book of drawings by anonymous Cheyenne prisoner at Fort Marion

Collector:
Hazen, William Babcock, 1830-1887  Search this
Creator:
Fort Marion artists  Search this
Extent:
1 Item (disbound volume of 14 drawings (8 leaves, colored pencil, ink, graphite, and crayon, 18 x 21 cm.)
Culture:
Cheyenne Indians  Search this
Indians of North America -- Great Plains  Search this
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Ledger drawings
Date:
ca. 1875-1878
Scope and Contents:
Bound book of unruled paper, now disbound and laminated. Includes scenes of hunting, ceremonies and daily Indian camp life. The manuscript now contains 14 drawings and the original volume cover. Original sequence of pictures not recorded. Identified as by a Cheyenne prisoner held at Ft. Marion, Florida (1875-78) on the basis of style and content.
Biographical / Historical:
William Babcock Hazen (1830-1887) was born in Vermont and spent his boyhood in Ohio. In 1855, he graduated from the U.S. Military Academy ranked Twenty-eight in his class. Prior to the Civil War, Hazen served with the Fourth and Eighth Infantry regiments, earning distinctions in the field while fighting against Indians in Oregon and southwestern Texas. Hazen went on to serve in the Civil War, where he fought in the Battles of Shiloh and Bentonville. After the war, he served as Inspector General of the Department of the Platte and did a tour at Fort Leavenworth, Kansas. In 1869, he was stationed at Fort Sill, Oklahoma and later at Fort Smith, Arkansas, becoming Superintendent of Indian Affairs in 1870. While serving in this capacity, Hazen worked with various tribes in Oklahoma, including the Comanches and the Creeks. After publicly criticizing the role of the U.S. military in the Indian Wars, Hazen was posted to Fort Buford in Dakota Territory, where he stayed off and on from 1875 through 1880. For more information on William Hazen see Great Plains Command: William B. Hazen in the Frontier West by Marvin E. Kroeker, 1976, Norman: University of Oklahoma Press.
Fort Marion, also known as Castillo de San Marco, is a stone fortress in St. Augustine, Florida. Between 1875 and 1878, seventy-two prisoners from the southern plains were incarcerated in the fort. Captain Richard Pratt supervised the prisoners during their incarceration at Fort Marion. The prisoners consisted of 27 Kiowas, 33 Cheyennes, 9 Comanches, 2 Arapahos, and a single Caddo. They were accused of participating in the recent Red River War, earlier hostilities, or both. For further information on Fort Marion see Karen Daniels Petersen, Plains Indian Art from Fort Marion, University of Oklahoma Press, 1971 and Richard Pratt, Battlefield and Classroom, ed. by R. M. Utley, Yale University Press, 1964.
Local Numbers:
NAA MS 154064C
Local Note:
Believed to be "Sioux" by Mrs. Hazen, but re-catalogued Cheyenne on authority of Mrs. Karen Peterson (see USNM catalog card) and R. DeMallie, Guide to Siouan Manuscripts (1969). Per Father Peter Powell (October 1971) the drawings are Cheyenne, probably by Cohoe and certainly by a Ft Marion prisoner. The Sun Dance scene was verified as Cheyenne by William Fletcher and Gordon Yellowman, Cheyenne Sun Dance priests, in 2000.
Place:
United States Florida Fort Marion.
Album Information:
NAA MS 154064C 000
Provenance:
Hazen, Mildred Mc Lean.
Topic:
Works of art  Search this
Genre/Form:
Ledger drawings
Citation:
Manuscript 154064C, National Anthropological Archives, Smithsonian Institution
Identifier:
NAA.MS154064C
See more items in:
Book of drawings by anonymous Cheyenne prisoner at Fort Marion
Archival Repository:
National Anthropological Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-naa-ms154064c
Additional Online Media:

Book of Arikara drawings by anonymous artist

Collector:
Hazen, William Babcock, 1830-1887  Search this
Extent:
32 Drawings (17 leaves, graphite and colored pencil, 11 x 19 cm.)
Culture:
Arikara Indians  Search this
Indians of North America -- Great Plains  Search this
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Drawings
Ledger drawings
Date:
ca. 1875
Scope and Contents:
Bound volume of drawings containing pictures of individual and scenes of warfare, hunting, domestic activities, and ceremony. One of two similar handbound volumes received as part of the Hazen collection (see also MS 154064A).
Biographical / Historical:
William Babcock Hazen (1830-1887) was born in Vermont and spent his boyhood in Ohio. In 1855, he graduated from the U.S. Military Academy ranked Twenty-eight in his class. Prior to the Civil War, Hazen served with the Fourth and Eighth Infantry regiments, earning distinctions in the field while fighting against Indians in Oregon and southwestern Texas. Hazen went on to serve in the Civil War, where he fought in the Battles of Shiloh and Bentonville. After the war, he served as Inspector General of the Department of the Platte and did a tour at Fort Leavenworth, Kansas. In 1869, he was stationed at Fort Sill, Oklahoma and later at Fort Smith, Arkansas, becoming Superintendent of Indian Affairs in 1870. While serving in this capacity, Hazen worked with various tribes in Oklahoma, including the Comanches and the Creeks. After publicly criticizing the role of the U.S. military in the Indian Wars, Hazen was posted to Fort Buford in Dakota Territory, where he stayed off and on from 1875 through 1880. For more information on William Hazen see Great Plains Command: William B. Hazen in the Frontier West by Marvin E. Kroeker, 1976, Norman: University of Oklahoma Press.
Local Numbers:
NAA MS 154064 B
Local Note:
Original identification of these books as Sioux has been changed as the style of dress, body decoration, and hair are not consistent with that tribe. They are consistent with an identification as Arikara made by Candace Greene in 2004. During the 1870s many Arikara men enlisted as scouts with the US Army and a number were posted at Fort Buford during the time that the collector was there. Both books contain pictures of friendly encounters with Army officers, and one (08510521) depicts an Indian scout in uniform.
Place:
United States Dakota Territory Fort Buford.
United States South Dakota Fort Buford
Album Information:
MS 154064B 000
Provenance:
Hazen, Mildred McLean
Genre/Form:
Ledger drawings
Citation:
Manuscript 154064B, National Anthropological Archives, Smithsonian Institution
Identifier:
NAA.MS154064B
See more items in:
Book of Arikara drawings by anonymous artist
Archival Repository:
National Anthropological Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-naa-ms154064b
Additional Online Media:

Book of Arikara drawings by anonymous artist

Collector:
Hazen, William Babcock, 1830-1887  Search this
Extent:
36 Drawings (19 leaves, graphite, colored pencil, and crayon, mounted on paper, 12 x 20 cm.)
Culture:
Arikara Indians  Search this
Indians of North America -- Great Plains  Search this
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Drawings
Ledger drawings
Date:
ca. 1875
Scope and Contents:
Bound volume of drawings containing pictures of individual men and animals, and scenes of warfare and ceremony. One of two similar handbound volumes received as part of the Hazen collection (see also MS154064B).
Biographical / Historical:
William Babcock Hazen (1830-1887) was born in Vermont and spent his boyhood in Ohio. In 1855, he graduated from the U.S. Military Academy ranked Twenty-eight in his class. Prior to the Civil War, Hazen served with the Fourth and Eighth Infantry regiments, earning distinctions in the field while fighting against Indians in Oregon and southwestern Texas. Hazen went on to serve in the Civil War, where he fought in the Battles of Shiloh and Bentonville. After the war, he served as Inspector General of the Department of the Platte and did a tour at Fort Leavenworth, Kansas. In 1869, he was stationed at Fort Sill, Oklahoma and later at Fort Smith, Arkansas, becoming Superintendent of Indian Affairs in 1870. While serving in this capacity, Hazen worked with various tribes in Oklahoma, including the Comanches and the Creeks. After publicly criticizing the role of the U.S. military in the Indian Wars, Hazen was posted to Fort Buford in Dakota Territory, where he stayed off and on from 1875 through 1880. For more information on William Hazen see Great Plains Command: William B. Hazen in the Frontier West by Marvin E. Kroeker, 1976, Norman: University of Oklahoma Press.
Local Numbers:
NAA MS 154064 A

USNM ACC 25748
Local Note:
Original identification of these books as Sioux has been changed as the style of dress, body decoration, and hair are not consistent with that tribe. They are consistent with an identification as Arikara made by Candace Greene in 2004. During the 1870s many Arikara men enlisted as scouts with the US Army and a number were posted at Fort Buford during the time that the collector was there. Both books contain pictures of friendly encounters with Army officers, and one (08510521) depicts an Indian scout in uniform.
Place:
United States Dakota Territory Fort Buford.
United States South Dakota Fort Buford
Album Information:
MS 154064A 000
Provenance:
Hazen, Mildred McLean
Genre/Form:
Ledger drawings
Citation:
Manuscript 154064A, National Anthropological Archives, Smithsonian Institution
Identifier:
NAA.MS154064A
See more items in:
Book of Arikara drawings by anonymous artist
Archival Repository:
National Anthropological Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-naa-ms154064a
Additional Online Media:

MS 4656 Book of anonymous Kiowa drawings

Extent:
1 Drawing (volume of 14 drawings (8 leaves, graphite, colored pencil, and crayon, 21 x 29 cm.)
Culture:
Kiowa Indians  Search this
Indians of North America -- Great Plains  Search this
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Drawings
Ledger drawings
Date:
ca. 1875-1877
Scope and Contents:
Book of 14 drawings on 8 leaves of unruled paper in a commercial drawing book. The book was rebound by the Bureau of American Ethnology and the original covers are no longer visible. Drawings depict hunting, travelling, and camp scenes. The inside front cover is inscribed "Drawn by Buffalo Meat". The inside back cover is inscribed "Soaring Eegle [sic]". Buffalo Meat and Soaring Eagle were among the Cheyenne men imprisoned at Fort Marion. Although both men were artists, the drawings in this book are Kiowa, not Cheyenne, based on examination of content.
Biographical / Historical:
Fort Marion, also known as Castillo de San Marco, is a stone fortress in St. Augustine, Florida. Between 1875 and 1878, seventy-two prisoners from the southern plains were incarcerated in the fort. Captain Richard Pratt supervised the prisoners during their incarceration at Fort Marion. The prisoners consisted of 27 Kiowas, 33 Cheyennes, 9 Comanches, 2 Arapahos, and a single Caddo. With the exception of one Cheyenne woman, all the prisoners were men. They had been accused of participating in the recent Red River War, earlier hostilities, or both. With the exception of the wife and daughter of one of the Comanche men, the prisoners families were not allowed to accompany them to Fort Marion. For further information on Fort Marion see Karen Daniels Petersen, Plains Indian Art from Fort Marion, University of Oklahoma Press, 1971 and Richard Pratt, Battlefield and Classroom, ed. by R. M. Utley, Yale University Press, 1964.
Local Numbers:
NAA MS 4656
Local Note:
Although the drawings were originally cataloged as Cheyenne by Buffalo Meat, neither Candace Greene nor Karen Daniels Petersen agree with this attribution. They note that the drawings can be identified as Kiowa based on elements of clothing, as well as shield and tipi designs. Furthermore, Greene compared the drawings with other works by Buffalo Meat and determined that they do not correspond with the artist's style. Both Greene and Petersen note that the drawings are the work of at least two artists. The inside of the front cover is inscribed, "Drawn by Buffalo Meat, Cheyenne." Petersen notes that the handwriting matches an inscription written inside the cover of MS 39-b, a drawing book that is known to have been collected at Fort Marion by George Fox, who inscribed the cover and captioned the drawings. (Candace Greene and Mike Jordan compared the inscriptions in MS 4656 and MS 39-b and agree that the handwriting is the same.) George Fox worked as an interpreter at Fort Marion until March 26, 1877. Consequently, the book dates between May 21, 1875, the date the prisoners arrived at Fort Marion, and March 26, 1877, the date George Fox departed.
Place:
United States Florida Fort Marion.
Album Information:
MS 4656 000
Topic:
Language and languages -- Documentation  Search this
Genre/Form:
Ledger drawings
Citation:
Manuscript 4656, National Anthropological Archives, Smithsonian Institution
Identifier:
NAA.MS4656
See more items in:
MS 4656 Book of anonymous Kiowa drawings
Archival Repository:
National Anthropological Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-naa-ms4656
Additional Online Media:

Confederate States Depository Check

Creator:
Confederate States of America  Search this
Series Creator:
Warshaw, Isadore, d. 1969  Search this
Extent:
1 Item (Ink on paper., 2.5" 8".)
Culture:
Indians of North America  Search this
Type:
Archival materials
Checks
Place:
Montgomery (Ala.)
Alabama
Date:
October 6, 1863
Scope and Contents:
Confederate States Depository Check,Quartermaster's Department, Montgomery Alabama, October 6, 1863, for {dollar}80.00, payable to W.W. Fields. Image of an American Indian in stylized costume at the left.
Local Numbers:
AC0060-0001174 (AC Scan No.)
General:
In Box 1, Folder 6.
Civil War Selections from the Archives Center
Related Materials:
Civil War series, Warshaw Collection of Business Americana
Series Restrictions:
Collection is open for research. Some items may be restricted due to fragile condition.
Series Rights:
Collection items available for reproduction, but the Archives Center makes no guarantees concerning copyright restrictions. Other intellectual property rights may apply. Archives Center cost-recovery and use fees may apply when requesting reproductions.
Topic:
Civil war  Search this
Genre/Form:
Checks
Series Citation:
Warshaw Collection of Business Americana, Archives Center, National Museum of American History, Smithsonian Institution
See more items in:
Warshaw Collection of Business Americana Subject Categories: Civil War
Archival Repository:
Archives Center, National Museum of American History
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-nmah-ac-0060-s01-01-civilwar-ref592

Cherokee .28 Caliber Percussion Pistol

Title:
Cherokee Percussion Pistol
Maker:
Salolinita  Search this
Physical Description:
wood (overall material)
brass (overall material)
steel (overall material)
Measurements:
overall: 4 in x 11 1/2 in x 1 in; 10.16 cm x 29.21 cm x 2.54 cm
Object Name:
pistol
Place Made:
United States
Made at:
United States: North Carolina
Date made:
1843
Associated date:
1845
Subject:
Native Americans  Search this
Firearms  Search this
Related event:
Expansion and Reform  Search this
Related Publication:
Kendrick, Kathleen M. and Peter C. Liebhold. Smithsonian Treasures of American History
National Museum of American History. Treasures of American History online exhibition
Related Web Publication:
http://americanhistory.si.edu/treasures
ID Number:
AF.96913
Catalog number:
096913
Accession number:
13152
See more items in:
Political and Military History: Armed Forces History, Military
National Treasures exhibit
Military
ThinkFinity
Exhibition:
Price of Freedom
Exhibition Location:
National Museum of American History
Data Source:
National Museum of American History
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:nmah_416460

Buffalo Coat

Wearer:
Cody, Buffalo Bill  Search this
Physical Description:
buffalo skin (overall material)
Measurements:
overall: 59 in x 43 in; 149.86 cm x 109.22 cm
Object Name:
overcoat
Used:
United States
Subject:
Native Americans  Search this
Related event:
Indian Wars  Search this
The Development of the Industrial United States  Search this
ID Number:
AF.54564
Catalog number:
54564
Accession number:
191694
See more items in:
Political and Military History: Armed Forces History, Military
Clothing & Accessories
Military
Transcontinental Railroad
ThinkFinity
Exhibition:
Price of Freedom
Exhibition Location:
National Museum of American History
Data Source:
National Museum of American History
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:nmah_439780

Buckskin coat

Wearer:
Custer, George Armstrong  Search this
Physical Description:
buckskin (overall material)
metal (overall material)
Measurements:
overall: 27 in x 24 in; 68.58 cm x 60.96 cm
Object Name:
coat
Used in:
United States: Montana
United States: North Dakota
United States: South Dakota
Date made:
ca 1870
Related event:
Indian Wars  Search this
The Development of the Industrial United States  Search this
Related Publication:
Kendrick, Kathleen M. and Peter C. Liebhold. Smithsonian Treasures of American History
National Museum of American History. Treasures of American History online exhibition
Related Web Publication:
http://americanhistory.si.edu/treasures
Credit Line:
Elizabeth B. Custer
ID Number:
AF.013044
Catalog number:
13044
Accession number:
54045
See more items in:
Political and Military History: Armed Forces History, Military
National Treasures exhibit
Clothing & Accessories
Military
ThinkFinity
Exhibition:
Price of Freedom
Exhibition Location:
National Museum of American History
Data Source:
National Museum of American History
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:nmah_529840

Memoirs of Henry Obookiah

Artist:
Unidentified Artist  Search this
Sitter:
Opukahaia, c. 1792 - 1818  Search this
Medium:
Engraving on paper
Dimensions:
Book closed: 16 × 10 × 1.5 cm (6 5/16 × 3 15/16 × 9/16")
Sheet/Mount: 6 × 9.3 cm (2 3/8 × 3 5/8")
Culture:
Opukahaia: Pacific Islander\Native Hawaiian  Search this
Type:
Book
Date:
1818
Topic:
Book  Search this
Opukahaia: Male  Search this
Portrait  Search this
Credit Line:
National Portrait Gallery, Smithsonian Institution
Object number:
NPG.2013.111
See more items in:
National Portrait Gallery Collection
Data Source:
National Portrait Gallery
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:npg_NPG.2013.111

William R. Pywell photographs from the Yellowstone Expedition

Photographer:
Pywell, Wm. R. (William Redish), 1843-1886  Search this
Depicted:
Bloody Knife, approximately 1840-1876  Search this
Custer, George Armstrong, 1839-1876  Search this
Extent:
13 Photographic prints (silver gelatin contact prints)
10 glass negatives (collodion stereo negatives)
Culture:
Hunkpapa Indians  Search this
Type:
Archival materials
Collection descriptions
Photographic prints
Glass negatives
Photographs
Date:
1873
Summary:
Photographs made by William R. Pywell documenting the Yellowstone Expedition of 1873. They comprise images of the expedition's camps, transportation, and members including George Armstrong Custer and Bloody Knife. The collection contains images of human remains.
Scope and Contents note:
Photographs made by William R. Pywell documenting the Yellowstone Expedition of 1873. They comprise images of the expedition's camps, transportation, and members including George Armstrong Custer and Bloody Knife.
Biographical/Historical note:
William Redish Pywell (1843-1886) received photographic training from Alexander Gardner and worked as a photographer in a Washington, D.C., studio owned by Matthew Brady during and after the Civil War. After opening his own studio in Washington, Pywell became official photographer for the Yellowstone Expedition in 1873.
Historical Note:
Comprised primarily of US Army cavalry and infantry, the Yellowstone Expedition of 1873 was organized to escort and protect the Northern Pacific Railroad Survey. Colonel David S. Stanley led the expedition, with Lieutenant Commander George Armstrong Custer second in command. The War Department also charged Stanley with exploring the region and reporting back on the natural features and resources. As such, a small scientific corps consisting of a paleontologist, geologist, mineralogist, zoologist, botanist, photographer (Pywell), and artist accompanied the expedition. The party set out to Yellowstone from Fort Rice in Dakota Territory in June of 1873, returning in September.
Location of Other Archival Materials:
The National Archives holds Pywell negatives transferred by the BAE circa 1948 (Record Group 106) and the E. Marshall Pywell Photographic Collection, circa 1874 - circa 1975. Additional records of the Yellowstone Expedition can be found in Record Group 391 and 393.
Restrictions:
The collection is open for research.

Access to the collection requires an appointment.

The collection contains images of human remains.
Rights:
Contact the repository for terms of use.
Topic:
Arikara Indians  Search this
Covered wagons  Search this
Genre/Form:
Photographs
Citation:
Photo Lot 166, William R. Pywell photographs from the Yellowstone Expedition, National Anthropological Archives, Smithsonian Institution.
Identifier:
NAA.PhotoLot.166
See more items in:
William R. Pywell photographs from the Yellowstone Expedition
Archival Repository:
National Anthropological Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-naa-photolot-166
Additional Online Media:

Westward the Course of Empire Takes Its Way (mural study, U.S. Capitol)

Artist:
Emanuel Gottlieb Leutze, born Schwäbisch Gmünd, Germany 1816-died Washington, DC 1868  Search this
Medium:
oil on canvas
Dimensions:
33 1/4 x 43 3/8 in. (84.5 x 110.1 cm.)
Type:
Painting
Date:
1861
Topic:
Figure group\male  Search this
Ethnic\Indian  Search this
History\United States\westward expansion  Search this
Study\mural study  Search this
Allegory\other\civilization  Search this
Travel\land\stagecoach  Search this
Credit Line:
Smithsonian American Art Museum, Bequest of Sara Carr Upton
Object number:
1931.6.1
See more items in:
Smithsonian American Art Museum Collection
Department:
Painting and Sculpture
On View:
Smithsonian American Art Museum, 2nd Floor, East Wing
Data Source:
Smithsonian American Art Museum
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:saam_1931.6.1

Old Arrow Maker

Artist:
Edmonia Lewis, born Greenbush (now Rensselaer), NY 1844-died London, England 1907  Search this
Medium:
marble
Dimensions:
21 1/2 x 13 5/8 x 13 3/8 in. (54.5 x 34.5 x 34.0 cm.)
Type:
Sculpture
Date:
modeled 1866, carved 1872
Topic:
Figure group  Search this
Ethnic\Indian  Search this
Dress\ethnic\Indian dress  Search this
Occupation\craft\arrow maker  Search this
Object\game\deer  Search this
Credit Line:
Smithsonian American Art Museum, Gift of Mr. and Mrs. Norman Robbins
Object number:
1983.95.179
See more items in:
Smithsonian American Art Museum Collection
Department:
Painting and Sculpture
On View:
Smithsonian American Art Museum, 2nd Floor, South Wing
Data Source:
Smithsonian American Art Museum
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:saam_1983.95.179

Old Arrow Maker

Artist:
Edmonia Lewis, born Greenbush (now Rensselaer), NY 1844-died London, England 1907  Search this
Medium:
carved marble
Dimensions:
21 1/2 x 13 5/8 x 13 3/8 in. (54.5 x 34.5 x 34.0 cm.)
Type:
Sculpture
Date:
modeled 1866, carved 1872
Topic:
Figure group  Search this
Ethnic\Indian  Search this
Dress\ethnic\Indian dress  Search this
Occupation\craft\arrow maker  Search this
Object\game\deer  Search this
Credit Line:
Smithsonian American Art Museum, Gift of Joseph S. Sinclair
Object number:
1983.95.182
See more items in:
Smithsonian American Art Museum Collection
Department:
Painting and Sculpture
Data Source:
Smithsonian American Art Museum
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:saam_1983.95.182

Shin-ga-wás-sa, Handsome Bird

Artist:
George Catlin, born Wilkes-Barre, PA 1796-died Jersey City, NJ 1872  Search this
Sitter:
Handsome Bird  Search this
Medium:
oil on canvas
Dimensions:
29 x 24 in. (73.7 x 60.9 cm)
Type:
Painting
Date:
1834
Topic:
Dress\ethnic\Indian dress  Search this
Ethnic\Indian\Osage  Search this
Portrait male\full length  Search this
Object\weapon\bow and arrow  Search this
Object\weapon\club  Search this
Credit Line:
Smithsonian American Art Museum, Gift of Mrs. Joseph Harrison, Jr.
Object number:
1985.66.44
See more items in:
Smithsonian American Art Museum Collection
Department:
Painting and Sculpture
Data Source:
Smithsonian American Art Museum
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:saam_1985.66.44

Pawnee Man

Physical Description:
brass (overall material)
iron (overall material)
Measurements:
overall: .5 cm x 8.5 cm x 11 cm; 3/16 in x 3 11/32 in x 4 11/32 in
Object Name:
tintype
Subject:
Native Americans  Search this
ID Number:
PG.003974.31
Catalog number:
3974.31
Accession number:
121824
See more items in:
Work and Industry: Photographic History
Photo History Collection
Tintype Collection
Photography
Data Source:
National Museum of American History
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:nmah_751671

The Result of the Fifteenth Amendment and the Rise and Progress of the African Race in America and its Final Accomplishment and Celebration on May 19th A.D. 1870

Title:
Abraham Lincoln; John Brown; Ulysses Grant; Frederick Douglass; Thaddeus Stevens; Charles Sumner
Artist:
Metcalf & Clark, active c. 1870  Search this
Sitter:
Abraham Lincoln, 12 Feb 1809 - 15 Apr 1865  Search this
John Brown, 9 May 1800 - 2 Dec 1859  Search this
Ulysses Simpson Grant, 27 Apr 1822 - 23 Jul 1885  Search this
Frederick Douglass, Feb 1818 - 20 Feb 1895  Search this
Thaddeus Stevens, 4 Apr 1792 - 11 Aug 1868  Search this
Charles Sumner, 6 Jan 1811 - 11 Mar 1874  Search this
David Davis, 9 Mar 1815 - 26 Jun 1886  Search this
Hugh Lennox Bond, 16 Dec 1828 - 24 Oct 1893  Search this
Schuyler Colfax, 23 Mar 1823 - 13 Jan 1885  Search this
Martin Robison Delany, 6 May 1812 - 25 Jan 1885  Search this
Hiram Rhoades Revels, Sep 1822 - 16 Jan 1901  Search this
Medium:
Hand-colored lithograph
Dimensions:
Sheet: 54.3 x 70.2cm (21 3/8 x 27 5/8")
Mat: 91.4 x 66 x 1.9cm (36 x 26 x 3/4")
Culture:
Martin Robison Delany: American\African American  Search this
Hiram Rhoades Revels: Native American  Search this
Hiram Rhoades Revels: American\African American  Search this
Frederick Douglass: American\African American  Search this
Type:
Print
Place:
United States\Maryland\Baltimore Independent City\Baltimore
Date:
1870
Topic:
Nature & Environment\Plant\Tree  Search this
Nature & Environment\Animal\Horse  Search this
Architecture\Building  Search this
Symbols & Motifs\Flag\National\United States  Search this
Exterior\Cityscape  Search this
Human Figures\Soldier  Search this
Human Figures\Crowd  Search this
Human Figures\Parade  Search this
David Davis: Male  Search this
David Davis: Law and Law Enforcement\Judge\Justice\US Supreme Court Justice  Search this
David Davis: Politics and Government\US Senator\Illinois  Search this
David Davis: Politics and Government\State Legislator\Illinois  Search this
Thaddeus Stevens: Male  Search this
Thaddeus Stevens: Law and Law Enforcement\Lawyer  Search this
Thaddeus Stevens: Politics and Government\US Congressman\Pennsylvania  Search this
Thaddeus Stevens: Politics and Government\State Legislator\Pennsylvania  Search this
Charles Sumner: Male  Search this
Charles Sumner: Law and Law Enforcement\Lawyer  Search this
Charles Sumner: Politics and Government\Statesman  Search this
Charles Sumner: Education\Educator\Lecturer  Search this
Charles Sumner: Politics and Government\US Senator\Massachusetts  Search this
Martin Robison Delany: Male  Search this
Martin Robison Delany: Literature\Writer  Search this
Martin Robison Delany: Military\Army\Officer  Search this
Martin Robison Delany: Health and Medicine\Physician  Search this
Martin Robison Delany: Communications\Publisher\Newspaper  Search this
Hiram Rhoades Revels: Male  Search this
Hiram Rhoades Revels: Politics and Government\US Senator\Mississippi  Search this
Hiram Rhoades Revels: Religion and Spirituality\Clergy\Pastor  Search this
Hiram Rhoades Revels: Politics and Government\State Senator\Mississippi  Search this
Frederick Douglass: Male  Search this
Frederick Douglass: Literature\Writer  Search this
Frederick Douglass: Education\Educator\Lecturer  Search this
Frederick Douglass: Communications\Publisher\Newspaper  Search this
Frederick Douglass: Politics and Government\Diplomat\Minister  Search this
Frederick Douglass: Society and Social Change\Reformer\Abolitionist  Search this
Frederick Douglass: Society and Social Change\Enslaved person  Search this
Schuyler Colfax: Male  Search this
Schuyler Colfax: Politics and Government\Vice-President of US  Search this
Schuyler Colfax: Education\Educator\Lecturer  Search this
Schuyler Colfax: Politics and Government\US Congressman\Speaker of the House  Search this
Schuyler Colfax: Communications\Publisher\Newspaper  Search this
Schuyler Colfax: Politics and Government\US Congressman\Indiana  Search this
Schuyler Colfax: Business and Finance\Businessperson\Accounting\Auditor  Search this
John Brown: Male  Search this
John Brown: Society and Social Change\Reformer\Abolitionist  Search this
Abraham Lincoln: Male  Search this
Abraham Lincoln: Law and Law Enforcement\Lawyer  Search this
Abraham Lincoln: Military\Soldier  Search this
Abraham Lincoln: Politics and Government\President of US  Search this
Abraham Lincoln: Society and Social Change\Reformer\Environmentalist  Search this
Abraham Lincoln: Business and Finance\Businessperson\Merchant  Search this
Abraham Lincoln: Politics and Government\US Congressman\Illinois  Search this
Abraham Lincoln: Politics and Government\Government Official\Surveyor  Search this
Abraham Lincoln: Politics and Government\State Senator\Illinois  Search this
Abraham Lincoln: Politics and Government\Government Official\Postmaster  Search this
Abraham Lincoln: Crafts and Trades\Boat builder  Search this
Ulysses Simpson Grant: Male  Search this
Ulysses Simpson Grant: Natural Resources\Agriculturist\Farmer  Search this
Ulysses Simpson Grant: Politics and Government\Cabinet Member\Secretary of War  Search this
Ulysses Simpson Grant: Military\Army\Officer\Civil War  Search this
Ulysses Simpson Grant: Military\Army\Officer\General  Search this
Ulysses Simpson Grant: Politics and Government\President of US  Search this
Ulysses Simpson Grant: Congressional Gold Medal  Search this
Hugh Lennox Bond: Male  Search this
Hugh Lennox Bond: Law and Law Enforcement\Lawyer  Search this
Hugh Lennox Bond: Law and Law Enforcement\Judge  Search this
Hugh Lennox Bond: Law and Law Enforcement\Jurist  Search this
Portrait  Search this
Credit Line:
National Portrait Gallery, Smithsonian Institution
Object number:
NPG.2000.39
See more items in:
National Portrait Gallery Collection
Data Source:
National Portrait Gallery
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:npg_NPG.2000.39

Kit Carson

Artist:
Charles DeForest Fredricks, 11 Dec 1823 - 25 May 1894  Search this
Sitter:
Christopher Houston Carson, 24 Dec 1809 - 23 May 1868  Search this
Medium:
Albumen silver print
Dimensions:
Image/Sheet: 8.3 x 5.6cm (3 1/4 x 2 3/16")
Mount: 10.3 x 6.1cm (4 1/16 x 2 3/8")
Mat: 45.7 x 35.6cm (18 x 14")
Type:
Photograph
Date:
c. 1863
Topic:
Photographic format\Carte-de-visite  Search this
Christopher Houston Carson: Male  Search this
Christopher Houston Carson: Military\Army\Officer\Colonel  Search this
Christopher Houston Carson: Military\Soldier  Search this
Christopher Houston Carson: Business and Finance\Businessperson\Merchant\Trader\Fur trader  Search this
Christopher Houston Carson: Natural Resources\Scout  Search this
Christopher Houston Carson: Natural Resources\Guide  Search this
Christopher Houston Carson: Politics and Government\Government Official\Indian agent  Search this
Christopher Houston Carson: Natural Resources\Hunter  Search this
Christopher Houston Carson: Natural Resources\Trapper  Search this
Portrait  Search this
Credit Line:
National Portrait Gallery, Smithsonian Institution
Object number:
NPG.2005.115
See more items in:
National Portrait Gallery Collection
Data Source:
National Portrait Gallery
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:npg_NPG.2005.115

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