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Eliza Ruhamah Scidmore photographs relating to Japan and China

Creator:
Scidmore, Eliza Ruhamah, 1856-1928  Search this
Names:
Jackson, William Henry, 1843-1942  Search this
Thompson, E. B. (Ezra Bowen), 1865-1951 (possible photographer or publisher)  Search this
Extent:
50 Negatives (glass)
23 Negatives (nitrate)
120 lantern slides
Culture:
Japanese  Search this
Chinese  Search this
Type:
Archival materials
Collection descriptions
Negatives
Lantern slides
Photographs
Place:
Japan
China
Philippines
South America
Date:
circa 1914-1916
Scope and Contents note:
Photographs made and collected by Scidmore documenting life in Japan and China. They depict people, agriculture, crafting and jewelry, and natural and urban settings. Some additional photographs were made in South America and possibly the Philippines. The collection includes lantern slides published by the William H. Jackson Photo and Publishing Company of Denver and E. B. Thompson of Washington, DC.
Biographical/Historical note:
Eliza Ruhamah Scidmore (1856-1928) was an author, journalist, lecturer, and collector who traveled extensively and helped to bring the Japanese cherry blossoms to Washington, DC. She spent her early life in Madison, Wisconsin, and then moved during the Civil War to Washington, DC, with her mother and brother. She was educated for two years at Oberlin College before obtaining a position as a newspaper correspondent covering the capitalʹs social scene. Her career as a travel writer began in 1883 during a trip to Alaska which she documented in her first book, Alaska, Its Southern Coast and the Sitkan Archipelago (published 1885). Shortly thereafter, she lived for long periods of time in southern and eastern Asia, particularly in China, India, Japan, Java, and the Philippines. Scidmore promoted intercultural understanding and cooperation and particularly encouraged the relationship between America and Japan, where her brother served as a Consul General in Yokohama. She was decorated by the Japanese emperor for her sympathetic reporting of Japanʹs treatment of prisoners of war during the Russo-Japanese War. Though Scidmore contributed articles to many popular magazines, she was most active for National Geographic (between 1893 and 1914) and her photographs accompanied many articles. She also served on the National Geographic staff and on its board of managers.
Local Call Number(s):
NAA Photo Lot 139
Location of Other Archival Materials:
Additional photographs made and collected by Scidmore are held in National Anthropological Archives Photo Lot 97 and in the National Geographic Society archives.
The Department of Anthropology collections holds several artifacts donated by Scidmore.
Restrictions:
Original nitrate negatives are in cold storage and require advanced notice for viewing.
Rights:
Contact the repository for terms of use.
Topic:
Handicraft  Search this
Transportation -- Japan  Search this
Agriculture -- Japan  Search this
Genre/Form:
Photographs
Citation:
Photo lot 139, Eliza Ruhamah Scidmore photographs relating to Japan and China, National Anthropological Archives, Smithsonian Institution
Identifier:
NAA.PhotoLot.139
Archival Repository:
National Anthropological Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-naa-photolot-139
Additional Online Media:

Leaders and Revolutionaries

Artist:
Robert Rauschenberg, 22 Oct 1925 - 12 May 2008  Search this
Sitter:
Sir Winston Leonard Spencer Churchill, 30 Nov 1874 - 24 Jan 1965  Search this
Lady Clementine Spencer Churchill, 1 Apr 1885 - 12 Dec 1977  Search this
Franklin Delano Roosevelt, 30 Jan 1882 - 12 Apr 1945  Search this
Anna Eleanor Roosevelt, 11 Oct 1884 - 7 Nov 1962  Search this
Vladimir Ilyich Lenin, 1870 - 1924  Search this
Mohandas Gandhi, 2 Oct 1869 - 30 Jan 1948  Search this
Mao Tse-Tung, 26 Dec 1893 - Sep 1976  Search this
Dwight David Eisenhower, 14 Oct 1890 - 28 Mar 1969  Search this
Martin Luther King, Jr., 15 Jan 1929 - 4 Apr 1968  Search this
Nelson Rolihlahla Mandela, 18 Jul 1918 - 5 Dec 2013  Search this
Margaret Hilda Thatcher, 13 Oct 1925 - 8 Apr 2013  Search this
Medium:
Collage of black and white and color transparencies on paperboard
Dimensions:
35.2 x 25.8 cm. (13 7/8 x 10 3/16")
Culture:
Nelson Rolihlahla Mandela: African\South African  Search this
Vladimir Ilyich Lenin: European\Russian  Search this
Margaret Hilda Thatcher: European\British  Search this
Mohandas Gandhi: Asian\Indian  Search this
Sir Winston Leonard Spencer Churchill: European\British\English  Search this
Martin Luther King, Jr.: American\African American  Search this
Mao Tse-Tung: Asian\Chinese  Search this
Lady Clementine Spencer Churchill: European\British\English  Search this
Type:
Collage
Date:
1998
Topic:
Collage  Search this
Nelson Rolihlahla Mandela: Male  Search this
Nelson Rolihlahla Mandela: Society and Social Change\Reformer\Activist\Civil rights activist  Search this
Nelson Rolihlahla Mandela: Politics and Government\Foreign Leader\President  Search this
Nelson Rolihlahla Mandela: Nobel Prize  Search this
Nelson Rolihlahla Mandela: Presidential Medal of Freedom  Search this
Nelson Rolihlahla Mandela: Congressional Gold Medal  Search this
Vladimir Ilyich Lenin: Male  Search this
Vladimir Ilyich Lenin: Society and Social Change\Reformer\Revolutionary  Search this
Dwight David Eisenhower: Male  Search this
Dwight David Eisenhower: Literature\Writer  Search this
Dwight David Eisenhower: Military\Army\Officer\General  Search this
Dwight David Eisenhower: Education\Administrator\University\President  Search this
Dwight David Eisenhower: Politics and Government\President of US  Search this
Dwight David Eisenhower: Politics and Government\Chief of Staff  Search this
Dwight David Eisenhower: Military\Army\Officer\World War II  Search this
Margaret Hilda Thatcher: Female  Search this
Margaret Hilda Thatcher: Society and Social Change\Wife  Search this
Margaret Hilda Thatcher: Politics and Government\Foreign Leader\Prime Minister\Great Britain  Search this
Margaret Hilda Thatcher: Presidential Medal of Freedom  Search this
Mohandas Gandhi: Male  Search this
Mohandas Gandhi: Society and Social Change\Reformer  Search this
Anna Eleanor Roosevelt: Female  Search this
Anna Eleanor Roosevelt: Literature\Writer  Search this
Anna Eleanor Roosevelt: Education\Educator\Lecturer  Search this
Anna Eleanor Roosevelt: Society and Social Change\Reformer\Activist  Search this
Anna Eleanor Roosevelt: Politics and Government\First Lady\First Lady of US  Search this
Anna Eleanor Roosevelt: Society and Social Change\Reformer\Humanitarian  Search this
Sir Winston Leonard Spencer Churchill: Male  Search this
Sir Winston Leonard Spencer Churchill: Literature\Writer  Search this
Sir Winston Leonard Spencer Churchill: Politics and Government\Foreign Leader\Prime Minister\Great Britain  Search this
Sir Winston Leonard Spencer Churchill: Nobel Prize  Search this
Sir Winston Leonard Spencer Churchill: Congressional Gold Medal  Search this
Franklin Delano Roosevelt: Male  Search this
Franklin Delano Roosevelt: Law and Law Enforcement\Lawyer  Search this
Franklin Delano Roosevelt: Politics and Government\Governor\New York  Search this
Franklin Delano Roosevelt: Politics and Government\President of US  Search this
Franklin Delano Roosevelt: Politics and Government\State Senator\New York  Search this
Franklin Delano Roosevelt: Politics and Government\Vice-Presidential Candidate  Search this
Martin Luther King, Jr.: Male  Search this
Martin Luther King, Jr.: Society and Social Change\Reformer\Activist\Civil rights activist\Civil rights leader  Search this
Martin Luther King, Jr.: Religion and Spirituality\Clergy\Minister  Search this
Martin Luther King, Jr.: Nobel Prize  Search this
Martin Luther King, Jr.: Presidential Medal of Freedom  Search this
Martin Luther King, Jr.: Congressional Gold Medal  Search this
Mao Tse-Tung: Male  Search this
Mao Tse-Tung: Society and Social Change\Reformer\Revolutionary  Search this
Mao Tse-Tung: Politics and Government\Foreign Leader\Communist Party Chairman  Search this
Lady Clementine Spencer Churchill: Female  Search this
Lady Clementine Spencer Churchill: Society and Social Change\Wife  Search this
Portrait  Search this
Credit Line:
National Portrait Gallery, Smithsonian Institution; gift of Time magazine
Object number:
NPG.99.TC13
Restrictions & Rights:
© Robert Rauschenberg Foundation / Licensed by VAGA at Artists Rights Society (ARS), NY
See more items in:
National Portrait Gallery Collection
Data Source:
National Portrait Gallery
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:npg_NPG.99.TC13

Alexander Alland, Sr., Photoprints

Creator:
Ostroff, Eugene, d. 1999 (NMAH Curator)  Search this
Salo, Matt, Dr.  Search this
Haberstich, David E., 1941-  Search this
Ahlborn, Richard E.  Search this
Alland, Alexander, Sr. (Alexander Landschaft), 1902-1989  Search this
Names:
China Daily News -- 1930-1940 -- New York N.Y.  Search this
China Daily News -- Photographs  Search this
United States. Works Progress Administration  Search this
Davis, Earl  Search this
Kaslov, Steve, ca. 1888-1949 (King of the Red Bandanna Romany Gypsies )  Search this
Extent:
0.25 Cubic feet (4 boxes)
Type:
Archival materials
Collection descriptions
Photographs
Oral history
Interviews
Audio cassettes
Place:
Virgin Islands -- 1930-1940
New York (N.Y.) -- 1930-1940
Bowery (New York, N.Y.) -- 1930-1940
Chinatown (New York, N.Y.) -- 1930-1940
St. Thomas (Virgin Islands) -- 1930-1940
Date:
1985 - 1986
1930 - 1943
Scope and Contents:
This collection contains 273 silver gelatin photoprints (Series 1), most of which apparently were made during the 1930s and early 1940s, contemporaneously with the original negatives. All are 8" x 10" or slightly smaller, unmounted except for flush mounted linen on the backs of some prints. The photographs were made primarily in two locations, New York City and the Virgin Islands. The Virgin Islands pictures were made as part of a special documentary project in 1939, as described above, whereas the New York photographs stem from Mr. Alland's largely self assigned documentation of various ethnic and religious groups in New York from approximately 1932 to 1943. The projects include photographs of the "Red Bandanna" Romany Gypsy group in the Bowery, a black Jewish congregation, Mohawk Indians in Brooklyn, and other groups, which required extensive exploration, research, and photographing over periods of many days or weeks. A variety of miscellaneous ethnic and religious groups are covered in the general "Other Religions" and "Nationalities" folders. The contents of the "Judaism" folder include primarily New York sites and people, but there are also additional views of a synagogue from the Virgin Islands project.

Series 2 of the collection contains four cassette tape recordings of two interviews with Mr. Alland, three made by Richard Ahlborn (with Eugene Ostroff and Matt Salo) in 1985, and one by David Haberstich and Richard Ahlborn, June 2-3, 1986 (at which time the photographs were donated). The tapes include readings from his autobiography, personal reminiscences on his experiences as an immigrant and a photographer, and commentary on the photographs.
Arrangement:
The collection is arranged into two series.

Series 1: Photoprints, 1930-1943

Series 2: Audiotape Cassettes, 1985-1986

The photographs are arranged topically and by nationality.
Biographical / Historical:
Alexander Alland, Sr., was born in Sevastopol, Crimea (formerly in the Soviet Union) on 6 August 1902. His last name originally was Landschaft, but he legally changed it to Alland following the birth of his son. Alland's interest in photography began at the age of twelve, when he helped a local photographer with darkroom work. He constructed his own camera from cardboard with a simple meniscus lens and exposed glass plate negatives with the device.

Toward the end of the Civil War in Russia in 1920, Alland relocated in Constantinople, Turkey, where he was hired as an apprentice by a graduate of the Vienna Academy of Photography. When the Union Nationale des Combatants Francais went on a pilgrimage to Gallipoli, a former battle zone on the Dardanelles, he was asked to accompany them in order to document events. After having his request for a pay increase refused, he left his employer two years later and opened his own portrait studio, "Photo d'Art Russe." When civil unrest threatened Constantinople in 1923, he decided to emigrate to the United States.

During his first years in the United States he worked in photo finishing businesses while engaged in home portraiture independently. He married in 1929 and a son, Alexander, Jr., was born. In the 1930s he became one of the best known photographers portraying the life of immigrants and various ethnic groups in New York. (1) In 1936 he was appointed supervisor of the Photo Mural section of the W.P.A. Federal Art Project, and worked as a free lance photographer for magazines and periodicals featuring the activities of various ethnic groups living in New York City. He specialized in making photomurals with montage techniques. (2)

In 1937 Alland became photography instructor at the American Artists' School and joined the American Artists Congress. In 1939, his first book, Portrait of New York, was published and he became president of the "Exploration Photo Syndicate" and went to the U.S. Virgin Islands as part of a project to produce a pictorial record of the West Indian Islands. His photographs appeared in publications and were exhibited at the New School for Social Research and at the Schomberg Collection. In 1942 he joined the staff of Common Ground magazine as photography editor and was appointed by the National Youth Administration to supervise their photography workshop. His book American Counterpoint appeared in 1943 and was selected as "One of the Fifty Best Books of the Year." The original prints from that book were exhibited at the Museum of the City of New York, which also exhibited a portfolio of his work on American Gypsies. In 1944 he became director of an agency, "Pictures for Democracy," and in 1945 his book The Springfield Plan was proclaimed another "One of the Fifty Best Books of the Year."

During World War II Alland did technical photography for the War Department, receiving a commendation for this work. After another book My Dog Rinty was published, he left New York City to establish a school of photography, combined with a school of dance directed by his wife, Alexandra, a professional dancer and choreographer. (3) He then began to exhibit his own photographs and to collect glass plate negatives and vintage prints by significant photographers. He is perhaps best known for locating a collection of Jacob Riis negatives and making them available. In 1974 Aperture published his biography, Jacob A. Riis: Photographer and Citizen4. Because of his efforts in providing the Riis negatives to the Museum of the City of New York, that institution awarded a special commemorative medal to him in 1973. The Riis book was followed by two more studies of photographers, Jessie Tarbox Beals, First Woman News Photographer (5) and Heinrich Tonnies, Cartes de Visite Photographer Extraordinaire. (6)

Retrospective exhibitions of Alland's work were held in two major Danish museums in summer 1979 and he was honored for contributions to the cultural history of Denmark. In 1991 studies for his photomural work were included in an historical survey exhibition of American photomontage at the University of Maryland at College Park. (7).

Sources

1. My text is based upon the biographical information recorded on my taped interviews with Mr. Alland in this collection, but see also Bonnie Yochelson, The Committed Eye: Alexander Alland's Photography. New York: The Museum of the City of New York, Inc., 1991.

2. Merry A. Foresta, "Art and Document: Photography of the Works Progress Administration's Federal Art Project," in Official Images: New Deal Photography (essays by Foresta, Pete Daniel, Maren Stange, and Sally Stein), Washington: Smithsonian Institution Press, 1987, p. 153, based on an interview with Alland, January 1987.

3. Photographic historian Anne Peterson, contractor for three Archives Center photographic collection projects between 1986 and 1982, reports that she studied ballet as a child with Mrs. Alland.

4. Ibid.

5. Ibid.

6. Ibid

7. See catalog by Cynthia Wayne, Dreams, Lies, and Exaggeration: Photomontage in America. The Art Gallery, University of Maryland at College Park, 1991 (exhibition at the gallery Oct. 21 Dec. 20, 1991).
Related Materials:
Materials in the Archives Center

Carlos de Wendler Funaro Gypsy Research Collection (AC0161)

Contains additional Alland photographs. De Wendler Funaro also photographed Steve Kaslov, his family, and his Bowery coppersmith workshop.
Provenance:
Collection donated by Alexander Alland, June 3, 1986.
Restrictions:
Collection is open for research.
Rights:
Copyrighted material: photographs may not be reproduced without written permission from the Estate of Alexander Alland, Sr.
Topic:
Synagogues -- Photographs -- 1930-1940 -- New York, N.Y.  Search this
Newspapers -- Photographs -- 1930-1940 -- New York N.Y.  Search this
Muslims -- Photographs -- 1930-1940 -- New York N.Y.  Search this
Minorities -- Housing -- 1930-1940 -- New York (State) -- New York  Search this
Minorities -- Housing -- 1930-1940 -- Virgin Islands  Search this
Judaism -- Customs and practices  Search this
Housing -- Photographs -- 1930-1940 -- New York N.Y.  Search this
Immigrants -- 1930-1940 -- New York (State) -- New York  Search this
Housing -- 1930-1940 -- Virgin Islands  Search this
Buddhism -- Photographs -- 1930-1940 -- New York N.Y.  Search this
Catholic Church -- Liturgy  Search this
Chinese drama -- New York (State) -- New York  Search this
Churches -- Photographs -- 1930-1940 -- New York N.Y.  Search this
Clergy -- 1930-1940 -- United States  Search this
Coppersmiths -- 1930-1950  Search this
Ethnic costume  Search this
Ethnic groups -- Photographs -- 1930-1940 -- New York N.Y.  Search this
Falashas -- 1930-1940 -- New York (State) -- New York  Search this
Fortune-tellers -- Gypsies -- 1930-1940 -- United States  Search this
Pluralism  Search this
Poverty -- Photographs -- 1930-1940 -- Virgin Islands  Search this
Printing -- Photographs -- 1930-1940 -- New York N.Y.  Search this
Protestant churches -- Photographs -- 1930-1940 -- New York N.Y.  Search this
Religious and ecclesiastical institutions -- Photographs -- 1930-1940 -- New York N.Y.  Search this
Singers -- 1930-1950  Search this
Synagogues -- 1930-1940 -- Virgin Islands  Search this
Genre/Form:
Photographs -- 1900-1950
Oral history -- 1980-1990
Interviews -- 1980-2000
Audio cassettes -- 1980-1990
Citation:
Alexander Alland, Sr., Photoprints, 1932-1943, Archives Center, National Museum of American History. Gift of the artist.
Identifier:
NMAH.AC.0204
See more items in:
Alexander Alland, Sr., Photoprints
Archival Repository:
Archives Center, National Museum of American History
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-nmah-ac-0204
Additional Online Media:

Rubbing of design executed in line engraving on stone depicting seated figure with halo and the symbol of the north (tortoise with serpent coiled around the cerapace), warrior figures, one man in civil robe, clouds and landscape elements

Type:
Rubbing
Origin:
China
Topic:
landscape  Search this
battle  Search this
tortoise  Search this
man  Search this
warrior  Search this
China  Search this
rubbing  Search this
lettering  Search this
Chinese Art  Search this
Accession Number:
FSC-R-418
Restrictions & Rights:
Copyright with museum
Related Online Resources:
Google Cultural Institute
See more items in:
Freer Gallery of Art and Arthur M. Sackler Gallery Collection
Data Source:
Freer Gallery of Art and Arthur M. Sackler Gallery
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:fsg_FSC-R-418

The Memoirs of Ma 1925-1926

Creator:
March, Benjamin 1899-1934  Search this
Subject:
March, Benjamin 1899-1934  Search this
St. Denis, Ruth 1880-1968  Search this
Rowe, Dorothy 1898-1969  Search this
Ferguson, John Calvin 1866-1945  Search this
Priest, Alan Reed  Search this
Yanjing da xue  Search this
Physical description:
182 typed unbound pages with solid wood covers
Type:
Diaries
Place:
China
Beijing (China)
Date:
1925
1925-1926
Topic:
Art, Asian  Search this
Art, Asian--Research  Search this
Art, Chinese  Search this
Chinese language--Terms and phrases  Search this
Painting, Chinese  Search this
Description and travel  Search this
Local number:
FSA A1995.10 2.3
Restrictions & Rights:
Access is by appointment only, Monday through Thursday 10:00 a.m. to 5:00 p.m. Please contact the Archives to make an appointment: AVRreference@si.edu
Permission to publish, quote, or reproduce must be secured from the repository
See more items in:
Benjamin March Papers 1923-1934
Data Source:
Freer Gallery of Art and Arthur M. Sackler Gallery Archives
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_arc_380465
1 Page(s) matching your search term, top most relevant are shown: View entire project in transcription center
  • View The Memoirs of Ma 1925-1926 digital asset number 1

Letters between Charles Lang Freer and Seaouke Yue (You Xiaoxi), 1917-1919

Creator:
Freer, Charles Lang 1856-1919  Search this
Yue, Seaouke  Search this
Subject:
Pang Yuanji 1864-1949  Search this
Physical description:
6 folders of correspondence
Type:
Letters (correspondence)
Date:
1917
1917-1919
Topic:
Art, Chinese  Search this
Local number:
FSA A.01 02.1Yue
Restrictions & Rights:
Access is by appointment only, Monday through Thursday 10:00 a.m. to 5:00 p.m. Please contact the Archives to make an appointment: AVRreference@si.edu
Permission to publish, quote, or reproduce must be secured from the repository
See more items in:
Charles Lang Freer Papers, Correspondence
Charles Lang Freer Papers 1856-1919
Data Source:
Freer Gallery of Art and Arthur M. Sackler Gallery Archives
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_arc_381753
1 Page(s) matching your search term, top most relevant are shown: View entire project in transcription center
  • View Letters between Charles Lang Freer and Seaouke Yue (You Xiaoxi), 1917-1919 digital asset number 1

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