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Civil War Token

Physical Description:
copper (overall material)
Measurements:
overall: 21 mm; 13/16 in
Object Name:
token
Description:
This Civil War Token depicts a portrait of General G. B. McClellan on the obverse and the Knickerbocker Currency logo on the reverse. Knickerbocker Currency was stuck by William H. Bridgens, the same man who was the die-cutter for Lindenmueller Currency.
Location:
Currently not on view
Subject:
Civil War
Coins, Currency and Medals
ID Number:
NU*72.118.75
Accession number:
302411
Catalog number:
72.118.75
See more items in:
Armed Forces History: National Numismatic Collection
Civil War
Data Source:
National Museum of American History, Kenneth E. Behring Center

Additional Online Media:

Civil War Token, 1864

Physical Description:
copper (overall material)
Measurements:
overall: 21 mm; 13/16 in
Object Name:
token
Date made:
1864
Description:
Although most Civil War Tokens were made out of copper, like this specimen, they were struck in other materials as well. Tokens made out of brass, silver, lead, and rubber are known to numismatists.
Location:
Currently not on view
Subject:
Civil War
Coins, Currency and Medals
ID Number:
NU*71.167.45
Catalog number:
71.167.45
Accession number:
296443
See more items in:
Armed Forces History: National Numismatic Collection
Civil War
Data Source:
National Museum of American History, Kenneth E. Behring Center

Additional Online Media:

Civil War Token, 1861

Physical Description:
copper (overall material)
Measurements:
overall: 31 mm; 1 7/32 in
Object Name:
token
Date made:
1861
Description:
There are numerous examples of Civil War Tokens that display sentiments in favor of the Union. Many of the patriotic series Civil War Tokens were issued in New York. The lack of tokens in the South has been attributed to the fact that the majority of private minters were located in the North. This token depicts a pro-Union stance: “I AM READY” and “THE UNION MUST & SHALL BE PRESERVED.” Once these tokens were circulated, they would remind their user of the Union’s justifications for war and buoy up nationalist spirits.
Location:
Currently not on view
Subject:
Civil War
Coins, Currency and Medals
ID Number:
2013.0023.006
Accession number:
2013.0023
Catalog number:
2013.0023.006
See more items in:
Armed Forces History: National Numismatic Collection
Civil War
Data Source:
National Museum of American History, Kenneth E. Behring Center

Additional Online Media:

Civil War Token, 1863

Physical Description:
copper (overall material)
Measurements:
overall: 18 mm; 23/32 in
Object Name:
token
Date made:
1863
Description:
This particular Civil War Token depicts a patriotic theme. The obverse, front of the coin, depicts a profile image of George Washington while the reverse, back, shows two hands shaking between laurel sprigs and the words “PEACE FOREVER.” One hand is labeled as the North and the other hand is labeled as the South.
Location:
Currently not on view
Subject:
Civil War
Coins, Currency and Medals
ID Number:
1977.0779.108
Catalog number:
1977.0779.108
Accession number:
1977.0779
See more items in:
Armed Forces History: National Numismatic Collection
Civil War
Data Source:
National Museum of American History, Kenneth E. Behring Center

Additional Online Media:

Civil War Token, 1863

Physical Description:
copper (overall material)
Measurements:
overall: 19.8 mm; 25/32 in; wt. 3.685 g
Object Name:
token
Date made:
1863
Description:
In the beginning of 1862, citizens went on a hoarding frenzy as high inflation plagued the market after the outbreak of the Civil War. Their target: coins of gold, silver, and copper. The hoarding problem was so extreme that the government halted the minting of coined money and by the end of 1862 there were hardly any metallic coins in circulation. This was acutely felt by business men and customers alike since coinage in small denominations was most commonly tendered at that point in time. In order to alleviate the situation, merchants and tradesmen sought alternatives to government issued small change. Privately issued tokens, typically one cent and made of copper and similar in size to government issued coinage, were used instead and by late 1862 these Civil War Tokens were circulating in Cincinnati and New York. This particular token’s text, “FOR PUBLIC ACCOMODATION,” reflects the pecuniary problem that was happening at that time.
Location:
Currently not on view
Subject:
Civil War
Coins, Currency and Medals
ID Number:
NU*72.118.76
Accession number:
302411
Catalog number:
72.118.76
See more items in:
Armed Forces History: National Numismatic Collection
Civil War
Data Source:
National Museum of American History, Kenneth E. Behring Center

Additional Online Media:

United States Civil War Portrait Album

Physical Description:
paper (overall material)
leather (overall material)
purple (overall color)
Measurements:
open: 11 7/8 in x 17 5/8 in x 1 13/32 in; 30.1625 cm x 44.7675 cm x 3.556 cm
closed: 11 7/8 in x 8 3/4 in x 1 1/2 in; 30.1625 cm x 22.225 cm x 3.81 cm
Object Name:
album
Place assembled:
Switzerland
Date made:
1861-1864
Description:
The struggle between North and South was followed with great interest at home and abroad. Portraits of the leading players helped those far from the action imagine the individuals they read about in newspapers. This album was kept by Karl Schenk, who became president of Switzerland in 1865. It contains small portraits known as cartes-de-visite because they were about the size of calling cards people presented at the door when visiting fashionable residences. Introduced in the late 1850s, when a process was devised for making multiple prints from a single glass negative, they functioned mainly as collectables to be preserved in albums.
Location:
Currently not on view
Subject:
Civil War
Photography
Civil War
ID Number:
PG*71.62
Catalog number:
71.62
Accession number:
302789
See more items in:
Culture and the Arts: Photographic History
Civil War
Data Source:
National Museum of American History, Kenneth E. Behring Center

Additional Online Media:

Who Was There That YOU Knew? [Advertisement for prints of Mathew Brady Civil War photographs : print Advertising], 1910

Publisher:
Review of Review Company, New York
Creator:
Patriot Publishing Company
Subject:
Brady, Mathew B. approximately 1823-1896
Physical description:
Ink on paper
1 item, 12.8" x 10"
Type:
Advertisements
Print advertising
Place:
United States
Date:
1910
Civil War, 1861-1865
1910-1920
Notes:
Civil War Selections from the Archives Center
Summary:
Published by Review of Reviews Company, New York. Copyright 1910, Patriot Publishing Company, under photograph.
Cite as:
Warshaw Collection of Business Americana - Civil War, Archives Center, National Museum of American History
Topic:
Photographers
Civil war
History
Local number:
AC0060-0001280 (AC Scan No.)
Restrictions:
Unrestricted research access on site by appointment
See more items in:
Civil War series, Warshaw Collection of Business Americana
Data Source:
Archives Center - NMAH

Civil War Soldier

Artist:
Unidentified
Sitter:
unidentified
Medium:
salt print
Dimensions:
sheet and image: 7 x 5 in. (17.8 x 12.9 cm)
Type:
Photography-Photoprint
Date:
ca. 1860s
Topic:
Occupation\military\soldier
History\United States\Civil War
Portrait male\knee length
Credit Line:
Smithsonian American Art Museum, Gift of Charles Isaacs and Carol Nigro
Object number:
2006.36.2
See more items in:
Smithsonian American Art Museum Collection
Data Source:
Smithsonian American Art Museum

Civil War Soldier

Maker:
unknown
Physical Description:
ambrotype (overall production method/technique)
wood (overall material)
glass (overall material)
metal (overall material)
velvet (overall material)
Measurements:
overall: 3 in x 2 1/2 in; 7.62 cm x 6.35 cm
Object Name:
photograph
Date made:
ca 1861-1865
Description:
Photographs can be powerful connections to the past. Soldiers, for example often had their portraits made before going off to war so that loved ones would have a rememberance of them in the event they did not return. This decorative mat is unusual and suggests the pride the owner may have felt about his status as a fighting soldier.
Ambrotypes were most popular in the mid-1850s, and, therefore, are less common than other formats for portraits of Civil War soldiers. Ambrotypes are cased collodian negatives backed by dark cloth, paper, or varnish. In this example, pink coloring has been applied to the subjects's cheeks to make the portrait feel more warm and human.
Location:
Currently not on view
Subject:
Photography
Civil War
Military
Portraits
Credit Line:
Gift of Warren Fox Kaynor, Waterbury Companies
ID Number:
PG*75.17.927
Accession number:
322775
See more items in:
Culture and the Arts: Photographic History
Data Source:
National Museum of American History, Kenneth E. Behring Center

Designating Flag, 3rd Division, 5th Army Corps

Physical Description:
wool (overall material)
Object Name:
flag, designating
Description:
Rectangular wool bunting flag. White field with a large blue Maltese cross in the center of the flag. Reinforcement squares of fabric at both hoist corners. Undyed heading with a metal grommet at each end. Inscription on hoist reads "5TH ARMY/CORPS 3RD DIVISION".
Location:
Currently not on view
Subject:
Military
Flags
Designating Flags
Civil War
Flags
Civil War
Event:
Civil War
ID Number:
AF*25266L
Catalog number:
25266L
Accession number:
64127
See more items in:
Civil War
Flags
Designating Flags
Data Source:
National Museum of American History, Kenneth E. Behring Center

Designating Flag, 2nd Brigade, 1st Division, 8th Army Corps

Physical Description:
wool (overall material)
cotton (heading material)
Measurements:
overall: 71 3/4 in x 54 in; 182.245 cm x 137.16 cm
Object Name:
flag, designating
Description:
Wool bunting pennant flag. White field with a blue border on the hoist edge. There is a red six-point star inset in the center of the flag. White cotton hoist is machine-stitched and does not have grommets. Flag seams are flat-felled and machine-stitched. Inscription on hoist reads "2nd Brg. 1st Div. 8 Army Corps".
Location:
Currently not on view
Subject:
Military
Flags
Civil War
Flags
Civil War
Designating Flags
Event:
Civil War
ID Number:
AF*25238F
Catalog number:
25232F
Accession number:
64127
See more items in:
Civil War
Flags
Designating Flags
Data Source:
National Museum of American History, Kenneth E. Behring Center

Designating Flag, 3rd Brigade, 1st Division, 19th Army Corps

Physical Description:
wool (overall material)
canvas (part: heading material)
cotton (part: applique material)
Measurements:
overall: 50 1/4 in x 45 in; 127.635 cm x 114.3 cm
Object Name:
flag, designating
Description:
Pre-1863 design. Rectangular wool bunting flag. Horizontal triband design. The top and bottom bands are blue; the middle band is white. In the center of the middle band is a black cotton number "3" applique. White cotton canvas heading with no grommets. Machine stitching; flat-felled seams.
Location:
Currently not on view
Subject:
Military
Flags
Civil War
Flags
Civil War
Designating Flags
Event:
Civil War
ID Number:
AF*25249D
Catalog number:
25249D
Accession number:
64127
See more items in:
Civil War
Flags
Designating Flags
Data Source:
National Museum of American History, Kenneth E. Behring Center

Designating Flag, 2nd Brigade, 3rd Division, 19th Army Corps

Maker:
Robert C. Toy
Physical Description:
wool (overall material)
Object Name:
flag, designating
Place made:
United States: Pennsylvania, Philadelphia
Date made:
1890-1897
Description:
Wool bunting pennant flag. White field with a red border at the hoist. In the center of the flag is a blue fan-leaved cross with an octagonal center (similar to a Maltese cross). White hoist with no grommets. The inscription on the hoist reads "3rd Div. 2nd Brg. 19 th Army Corps R. C. Toy 49 N. 9th Phila."
Location:
Currently not on view
Subject:
Military
Flags
Civil War
Flags
Civil War
Designating Flags
Event:
Civil War
ID Number:
AF*25249HH
Catalog number:
25249HH
Accession number:
64127
See more items in:
Civil War
Flags
Designating Flags
Data Source:
National Museum of American History, Kenneth E. Behring Center

Designating Flag, 1st Brigade, 1st Division, 22nd Army Corps

Maker:
Robert C. Toy
Physical Description:
wool (overall material)
Object Name:
flag, designating
Place made:
United States: Pennsylvania, Philadelphia
Date made:
ca 1890-1897
Description:
Wool bunting pennant flag. White field with a red pentagonal cross in the center of the flag. White hoist with no grommets. Inscription on hoist reads "R.C. Toy 49.N.9th Phila 22 Army Corps 1st Brg 1st Div".
Location:
Currently not on view
Subject:
Military
Flags
Designating Flags
Civil War
Flags
Civil War
Event:
Civil War
ID Number:
AF*25252E
Catalog number:
25252E
Accession number:
64127
See more items in:
Civil War
Flags
Designating Flags
Data Source:
National Museum of American History, Kenneth E. Behring Center

Designating Flag, 1st Brigade, 1st Division, 20th Army Corps, Department of the Cumberland

Maker:
Robert C. Toy
Physical Description:
wool (overall material)
cotton (part: heading material)
Measurements:
overall: 73 7/8 in x 61 3/8 in; 187.6425 cm x 155.8925 cm
Object Name:
flag, designating
Place made:
United States: Pennsylvania, Philadelphia
Date made:
1890-1897
Description:
Wool bunting pennant flag. White field with a red five-point star in the center of the flag. White cotton hoist with no grommets. The inscription on the hoist reads "1st Div 1st Brg 20th Army Corps Dept of/Cumberland R.C. Toy 49 N. 9th Phila." The flag is machine-stitched with flat-felled seams using white cotton thread.
Location:
Currently not on view
Subject:
Military
Flags
Designating Flags
Civil War
Flags
Civil War
Event:
Civil War
ID Number:
AF*25250T
Catalog number:
25250T
Accession number:
64127
See more items in:
Civil War
Flags
Designating Flags
Data Source:
National Museum of American History, Kenneth E. Behring Center

Civil War Soldier's Mess

Physical Description:
flour (overall material)
water (overall material)
Measurements:
overall: 4 in x 4 in x 3/16 in; 10.16 cm x 10.16 cm x .4318 cm
Object Name:
hardtack
Object Type:
hardtack
Associated date:
1861 - 1865
Description:
Physical Description
Small metal box to protect matches, two-piece lantern, metal frying pan, and cup. Hardtack.
General History
A match safe, lantern, frying pan, and cup would have been part of a soldier’s equipment. Hardtack is the name given to a thick cracker made of flour, water, and sometimes salt. While it has been called by several nicknames, the Union Army of the Potomac referred to the ration as hardtack, and the name stuck. When stored properly, hardtack would last for years. Because it could be prepared cheaply and would last so long, hardtack was the most convenient food for soldiers. The army furnished hardtack by weight, but in most units the biscuits were doled out by number, with a ration generally being nine or ten.
Location:
Currently not on view
Subject:
Military
Food
ThinkFinity
Event:
Civil War
Civil War and Reconstruction
ID Number:
AF*55596
Catalog number:
55596
Accession number:
195333
See more items in:
Armed Forces History: Armed Forces History, Military
ThinkFinity
Data Source:
National Museum of American History, Kenneth E. Behring Center

Photographic War History: The War for the Union; Burial for the Dead

Physical Description:
paper (overall material)
Measurements:
overall: 3 13/32 in x 7 in; 8.636 cm x 17.78 cm
Object Name:
photograph, stereograph
Place made:
United States: Virginia, Fredericksburg
Date made:
1862-12-15
Description:
In a somber photograph taken by Timothy O'Sullivan, members of a burial detail in Fredericksburg, Virginia, bury men who died at nearby Union field hospitals, where soldiers wounded in the Wilderness and Spotsylvania were treated.
Location:
Currently not on view
Subject:
Civil War
Photography
Civil War
ID Number:
1988.3071.0069
Catalog number:
1988.3071.0069
Accession number:
1988.3071
See more items in:
Culture and the Arts: Photographic History
Civil War
Data Source:
National Museum of American History, Kenneth E. Behring Center

Ambrotype of Union Soldiers Posing with Flag, circa 1863-1865

Physical Description:
glass (photograph material)
metal (frame material)
Object Name:
ambrotype
Date made:
ca 1863-1865
Description:
This ambrotype of Union soldiers posing with a United States flag was taken around 1863. The cheeks of the soldiers were hand-tinted to give them a rosy look.
Location:
Currently not on view
Subject:
Civil War
Civil War Photography
Army
Military
Civil War
ID Number:
PG*75.17.922
Accession number:
322775
Catalog number:
75.17.922
See more items in:
Culture and the Arts: Photographic History
Civil War
Data Source:
National Museum of American History, Kenneth E. Behring Center

Confederate States of America Belt Plate

Physical Description:
metal (overall material)
Measurements:
overall: 2 1/4 in x 3 1/2 in x 1/4 in; 5.715 cm x 8.89 cm x .635 cm
Object Name:
belt plate
Date made:
ca 1861
Associated date:
1861-1862
Description:
Physical Description
Copper, oval shaped with a raised rim and raised "CS" in center.
General History
Belt plates, like this one, were used to signal the side or state for which a soldier fought. This belt plate was for a Confederate soldier.
Location:
Currently not on view
Subject:
Military
Civil War
Event:
Civil War
Civil War and Reconstruction
ID Number:
AF*60667M
Catalog number:
60667M
Accession number:
223708
See more items in:
Armed Forces History: Armed Forces History, Military
Civil War
Data Source:
National Museum of American History, Kenneth E. Behring Center

Henry Mosler Civil War diary

Creator:
Mosler, Henry, 1841-1920
Physical description:
Diary : 37 p. : handwritten, ill. ; 15 x 08 cm.
Type:
Writings
Date:
1862
Summary:
The diary contains records of sketches Mosler made for Harper's Weekly, a narrative of his activities during 1862, financial notes, poems, names and addresses, and several sketches.
Topic:
Civil War--United States
Record number:
(DSI-AAA)10239
See more items in:
Henry Mosler papers, 1856-1929
Data Source:
Archives of American Art

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