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World War I Exhibit Collection

Topic:
Legend, Memory, and the Great War in the Air (Museum exhibit)
Creator:
National Air and Space Museum (U.S.)  Search this
Names:
National Air and Space Museum (U.S.)  Search this
Extent:
2.7 Cubic Feet ((6 legal document boxes) (1 oversized box))
Type:
Archival materials
Collection descriptions
Color transparencies
Glass negatives
Negatives
Photographs
Date:
1914-[ca. 1980s]
bulk 1914-1918
Scope and Contents:
This collection is a product of the material gathered for the exhibit, book, brochure and poster. It includes a large amount of additional information gathered for research but not used. The Collection is divided into six series: I. Exhibit Catalog Images; II. Exhibit Only Images; III. Brochure Images; IV. Poster Images; V. Original Photography; VI. Research Collection. Different sized black & white and color photographs, mostly 8 x 10s, are included in most of the series, although captions are not always provided. Other types of materials are corresponding negatives, photocopies, glass plate negatives and color transparencies.
Biographical / Historical:
In 1991, the National Air and Space Museum created an exhibit with a correlating text called 'Legend, Memory, and the Great War in the Air'. The Great War, as World War I was originally called, was one of the bloodiest wars known to man, with over 11 million soldiers killed on the battle field and in the air. The collection is mostly dedicated to the war in the air and encompasses the harsh reality as well as the not so realistic images of World War I.
General:
NASMrev
Provenance:
Various, Transfer, 1993, 1993-0063, see Donor Correspondence
Restrictions:
No restrictions on access
Rights:
Material is subject to Smithsonian Terms of Use. Should you wish to use NASM material in any medium, please submit an Application for Permission to Reproduce NASM Material, available at Permissions Requests
Topic:
Aeronautics, Military  Search this
Airplanes  Search this
Aeronautics  Search this
World War, 1914-1918 -- Aircraft  Search this
World War, 1914-1918 -- Aerial operations  Search this
World War, 1914-1918  Search this
Genre/Form:
Color transparencies
Glass negatives
Negatives
Photographs
Identifier:
NASM.1993.0063
Archival Repository:
National Air and Space Museum Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-nasm-1993-0063

Paul Ernst World War I Photograph Album

Creator:
Ernst, Paul.  Search this
Extent:
0.59 Cubic Feet ((1 box))
Type:
Archival materials
Collection descriptions
Photographs
Maps
Date:
bulk 1916-1918
Scope and Contents:
This scrapbook includes images of all aspects of an Austro-Hungarian officer's experience on the Eastern and South Tyrol Fronts of World War I. Photographs include images of such cities as Trieste and Venice, of informal celebrations, life in the field, artillery, a lighter than air hangar used for the assembly of heavier than air craft, aircraft wrecks, war dead and executions of soldiers, as well as air to air images of World War I aircraft and several of a laboratory with wind tunnel. Aircraft featured in the scrapbook include the Albatros B.I, Aviatik B.II, Aviatik B.III, Aviatik triplane fighter, Brandenburg C.I (U), Brandenburg D.I (Ph), Brandenburg G.I, Brandenburg KD, Fokker A.III, Knoller B.I (Th), Lloyd triplane bomber (Type LK 1), Lohner B.I, Oeffag C.I, Phonix C.I, Rumpler B.I and Von Mises bomber (Type Gr.I). Also included are maps of the Eastern front and of towns including Kovel, Trojanowka, Loboml and Mielnica.
Biographical / Historical:
Paul Ernst flew as an observer for the the Austro-Hungarian Army in World War I. His unit, Fliegerkompagnie 27, served on the Russian Front from June 1916 to December 1917. From March to October of 1918, Flik 27 flew on the South Tyrol front. Dr. Paul Ernst later taught at the Department of Applied Physics at the University at Glasgow, Scotland and in 1946 came to the United States, where he began work at Aberdeen Proving Ground
Provenance:
Gertrud Ernst, Gift, 2004
Restrictions:
No restrictions on access.
Rights:
Material is subject to Smithsonian Terms of Use. Should you wish to use NASM material in any medium, please submit an Application for Permission to Reproduce NASM Material, available at Permissions Requests
Topic:
World War, 1914-1918  Search this
World War, 1914-1918 -- Aerial operations  Search this
World War, 1914-1918 -- Austria  Search this
World War, 1914-1918 -- Campaigns -- Eastern Front  Search this
Albatros B.IIl  Search this
Aviatik B.II  Search this
Aviatik B.IIl  Search this
Brandenburg C.I (U)  Search this
Brandenburg KDW  Search this
Brandenburg D.I (Ph)  Search this
Brandenburg G.I l  Search this
Knoller B.I  Search this
Lohner B.I Series 11 Pfeilflieger (Arrow Flyer)  Search this
Oeffag C.II  Search this
Phonix C.1  Search this
Rumpler B.I (Typ 4A)  Search this
Genre/Form:
Photographs
Maps
Citation:
Paul Ernst World War I Photograph Album, 2004-0030, National Air and Space Museum, Smithsonian Institution.
Identifier:
NASM.2004.0030
Archival Repository:
National Air and Space Museum Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-nasm-2004-0030
Additional Online Media:

World War I Photographs [Tower Scrapbook]

Extent:
0.05 Cubic Feet ((1 folder))
Type:
Archival materials
Collection descriptions
Photographic prints
Date:
bulk 1915-1918
Scope and Contents:
This collection consists of 18 images evidently copied from Tower's personal scrapbook which was loaned to the National Air Museum at some point. The images show equipment, aircraft, and personnel of the United States Air Service during World War I. The images include shots from the following bases: Chanute Field, Illinois; Hazelhurst Field, New York; and Roosevelt Field, New York. Aircraft include: Curtiss JN-4D Jenny; Curtiss JN-4HG Hisso Jenny; LWF V-3; and Standard (NJ) JR-1B. There are also a few images of a Christofferson 1912 Seaplane on a beach near San Francisco, California in 1915.
Biographical / Historical:
Roderick Tower (1892-1961) was the son of Charlemagne Tower, Jr., an United States Ambassador to Russia and Germany. He was a World War I aviator who trained with Quentin Roosevelt at Mineola Air Field on Long Island, New York. After the war, Tower was briefly married to Flora Payne Whitney, who had been engaged to Quentin Roosevelt before World War I. Tower was later both a stock and oil broker.
Provenance:
Colonel Roderick Tower?, Gift, Unknown
Restrictions:
No restrictions on access.
Rights:
Material is subject to Smithsonian Terms of Use. Should you wish to use NASM material in any medium, please submit an Application for Permission to Reproduce NASM Material, available at Permissions Requests
Topic:
Aeronautics, Military  Search this
World War, 1914-1918 -- Aerial operations  Search this
Christofferson 1912 Seaplane  Search this
Curtiss JN-4HG Hisso Jenny  Search this
Standard (NJ) JR-1  Search this
LWF V-3  Search this
Curtiss JN-4D Jenny  Search this
Genre/Form:
Photographic prints
Citation:
World War I Photographs [Tower Scrapbook], Accession XXXX-1184, National Air and Space Museum, Smithsonian Institution.
Identifier:
NASM.XXXX.1184
Archival Repository:
National Air and Space Museum Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-nasm-xxxx-1184
Additional Online Media:

World War I German Pilot Photographs

Creator:
Phillips, A.M.  Search this
Extent:
0.05 Cubic Feet ((1 folder))
Type:
Archival materials
Collection descriptions
Photographs
Date:
bulk 1914-1918
Scope and Contents:
This collection, a part of the larger A. M. Phillips collection, contains 76 photographs of German World War I pilots. The photographs are of various sizes and on various types of paper. Of these, 73 are black and white and 3 are sepia toned. Most have caption information on the reverse.
Biographical / Historical:
A collection of approximately 10,000 World War I photographs was assembled from various sources by Mr. A. M. Phillips, who contacted NASM in December 1963 to offer the collection for sale. NASM obtained a gift from the Shell Companies Foundation, Inc. in May, 1964 in the amount of {dollar}5,000 to purchase the collection. NASM received the collection on August 14, 1964.
Restrictions:
No restrictions on access.
Rights:
Material is subject to Smithsonian Terms of Use. Should you wish to use NASM material in any medium, please submit an Application for Permission to Reproduce NASM Material, available at Permissions Requests
Topic:
Aeronautics  Search this
World War, 1914-1918  Search this
World War, 1914-1918 -- Germany  Search this
World War, 1914-1918 -- Aerial operations  Search this
Genre/Form:
Photographs
Citation:
World War I German Pilot Photographs, Accession XXXX-0848, National Air and Space Museum, Smithsonian Institution.4
Identifier:
NASM.XXXX.0848
Archival Repository:
National Air and Space Museum Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-nasm-xxxx-0848

World War I Photographs Collection [Driggs]

Creator:
Driggs, Laurence La Tourette  Search this
Extent:
0.5 Cubic Feet ((10 folders))
Type:
Archival materials
Collection descriptions
Photographs
Date:
bulk 1914-1930
Scope and Contents:
This collection consists of photographs, mostly from the World War I period. The photographs include pilots, airships, airfields, aerial views and aircraft of World War I, as well as a few photographs from after the war
Biographical / Historical:
Laurence La Tourette Driggs (born 1876) was a lawyer who had a strong interest in aviation and became an aircraft specialist. Driggs learned to fly in 1913 and was in Germany studying flying in 1914 when war broke out. Driggs began writing articles on war aviation and in 1916 he was the guest of the British Government as an aviation expert. After the war he remained active in aviation. He founded the American Flying Club, organized the New York-Toronto Air Race, lectured on aviation; contributed aviation articles to magazines, wrote books on aviation, and was involved with Colonial Western Airways.
Provenance:
Mrs. Laurence L. Driggs, Gift, 1993
Restrictions:
No restrictions on access.
Rights:
Material is subject to Smithsonian Terms of Use. Should you wish to use NASM material in any medium, please submit an Application for Permission to Reproduce NASM Material, available at Permissions Requests
Topic:
World War, 1914-1918  Search this
World War, 1914-1918 -- Aerial operations  Search this
World War, 1914-1918 -- Aircraft  Search this
Airships  Search this
Aeronautics  Search this
Genre/Form:
Photographs
Citation:
World War I Photographs Collection [Driggs], Accession 1993-0040, National Air and Space Museum, Smithsonian Institution.
Identifier:
NASM.1993.0040
Archival Repository:
National Air and Space Museum Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-nasm-1993-0040

Dezsö Becker World War I Photo Albums

Creator:
Becker, Dezsö, 1896-1945  Search this
Extent:
0.18 Cubic Feet (1 box)
Type:
Archival materials
Collection descriptions
Photograph albums
Place:
Austria
Date:
1914-1940
Summary:
This collection consists of photo albums and loose photographs documenting Dezsö Becker's World War I aviation career, as well as photocopies of Becker's death certificate and Buchenwald Camp entry paperwork.
Scope and Contents:
This donation consists of the following material documenting Dezsö Becker's World War I aviation career: a 13 by 11 inch cloth photo album, black background with flowers; a 7 by 9 inch gray photo album; and 24 black and white photographs. The larger photo album contains images of the following: Becker; a Russian pilot and his aircraft; the hangars and officer's mess of the FliK 44; an aircraft crash; and reconnaissance images of Bacau and other sites in Romania, including the Szentkatolna Airport, the bridge over the Szeret River, and the towns of Moinesti and Doftana. The album has Hungarian captions, which have been translated by the donor. The smaller photo album contains eight autographed 5 by 7 black and white portraits of Becker's comrades in the FliK 44. The loose photographs are mostly official portraits of Becker, but there are also a few group shots of the FliK 44. This collection also includes a small snapshot of Becker's Bradenburg C.I(U) mounted onto cardboard, with autographs on the reverse. There are also photocopies of Becker's death certificate and Buchenwald Camp entry paperwork.
Arrangement:
This collection is arranged by type of material. Folder titles in brackets were applied by the archivist.
Biographical / Historical:
Dezsö Becker (1896-1945), a bookkeeper by profession and a skilled amateur photographer, was a Lieutenant with the FliegerKompanie (FliK) 44 in the Austro-Hungarian Army during World War I. FliK 44 was activated in April of 1917 as a reconnaissance unit. From May until December 1917, Becker was on the Romanian Front (Siebenburgen) and from January 1918 until October 1918, he was on the Piave Front. He was a photographer for the FliK 44, and flew in a Bradenburg C.I(U). Becker was a decorated World War Air Corps Officer; however, because he was a Hungarian Jew he was drafted into an army labor battalion in 1940, first as an officer, than as a forced laborer. He was shipped to the provinces of Hungary and later to Germany. Becker died in the Buchenwald Concentration Camp, January 1945.
Provenance:
Ivan Becker, Gift, 2007, NASM.2008.0004
Restrictions:
No restrictions on access.
Rights:
Material is subject to Smithsonian Terms of Use. Should you wish to use NASM material in any medium, please submit an Application for Permission to Reproduce NASM Material, available at Permissions Requests
Topic:
World War, 1914-1918  Search this
World War, 1914-1918 -- Aerial operations  Search this
World War, 1914-1918 -- Campaigns -- Eastern Front  Search this
World War, 1939-1945 -- Atrocities  Search this
Bradenburg C.I.(U)  Search this
Genre/Form:
Photograph albums
Citation:
Dezsö Becker World War I Photo Albums, NASM.2008.0004, National Air and Space Museum, Smithsonian Institution.
Identifier:
NASM.2008.0004
See more items in:
Dezsö Becker World War I Photo Albums
Archival Repository:
National Air and Space Museum Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-nasm-2008-0004
Additional Online Media:

Sirrine Sampson World War I Photographs

Creator:
Sampson, Sirrine  Search this
Names:
United States. Army. Air Service. 498th Aero Squadron  Search this
United States. Army. Air Service. 499th Construction Squadron  Search this
Sampson, Sirrine  Search this
Extent:
0.1 Cubic Feet ((1 folder))
Type:
Archival materials
Collection descriptions
Photographs
Date:
1917-1919
Scope and Contents:
This donation consists of forty-eight 2 1/4 x 3 1/4' photographs of aircraft and other subjects relating to Sampson's service in World War I.
Biographical / Historical:
Sirrine Sampson was a Sergeant in the 498th Aero Squadron and also in the 499th Construction Squadron. He returned to the United States on January 9, 1919.
General:
NASMrev
Provenance:
Eleanor K. Sampson, unknown, 1995, 1995-0066, NASM
Restrictions:
No restrictions on access
Rights:
Material is subject to Smithsonian Terms of Use. Should you wish to use NASM material in any medium, please submit an Application for Permission to Reproduce NASM Material, available at Permissions Requests
Topic:
World War, 1914-1918 -- Aircraft  Search this
World War, 1914-1918 -- Aerial operations  Search this
World War, 1914-1918  Search this
Aeronautics, Military  Search this
Aeronautics  Search this
Genre/Form:
Photographs
Identifier:
NASM.1995.0066
Archival Repository:
National Air and Space Museum Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-nasm-1995-0066

British World War I Aircraft Report

Extent:
0.05 Cubic Feet ((1 folder))
Type:
Archival materials
Collection descriptions
Reports
Date:
bulk 1917-1918
Scope and Contents:
This collection consists of a report containing information and photographs on World War I British aircraft, including aircraft by the following manufacturers: de Havilland; Vickers; Bristol; Blackburn; Sopwith; and the Royal Aircraft Factory.
Provenance:
Unknown, Unknown, Unknown
Restrictions:
No restrictions on access.
Rights:
Material is subject to Smithsonian Terms of Use. Should you wish to use NASM material in any medium, please submit an Application for Permission to Reproduce NASM Material, available at Permissions Requests
Topic:
World War, 1914-1918 -- Aerial operations  Search this
Aeronautics  Search this
Genre/Form:
Reports
Citation:
British World War I Aircraft Report, Accession XXXX-0565-0067, National Air and Space Museum, Smithsonian Institution.
Identifier:
NASM.XXXX.0565.0067
Archival Repository:
National Air and Space Museum Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-nasm-xxxx-0565-0067

World War I German Aviation Photographs

Names:
Udet, Ernst, General  Search this
Extent:
0.45 Cubic Feet ((1 box))
Type:
Archival materials
Collection descriptions
Photographs
Date:
bulk 1914-1918
Scope and Contents:
This small collection is comprised of photographs of a large variety of subjects relating to World War I German aviation. Contained herein are images of personalities such as Captain Oswald Boelke and General Ernst Udet, images of aircraft (mostly German) including various models of Fokker, Farman, Nieuport, Vickers and Bristol aircraft and contemporary aerial photography. It should be noted that the collection is entirely in German, including the captions that are written on the reverse of many of the photographs.
Provenance:
Unknown, Unknown, Unknown
Restrictions:
No restrictions on access.
Rights:
Material is subject to Smithsonian Terms of Use. Should you wish to use NASM material in any medium, please submit an Application for Permission to Reproduce NASM Material, available at Permissions Requests
Topic:
Aeronautics  Search this
World War, 1914-1918 -- Aerial operations  Search this
Aerial photography  Search this
Airplanes -- Germany  Search this
Genre/Form:
Photographs
Citation:
World War I German Aviation Photographs, Accession XXXX-0590, National Air and Space Museum, Smithsonian Institution.
Identifier:
NASM.XXXX.0590
Archival Repository:
National Air and Space Museum Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-nasm-xxxx-0590

Austro-Hungarian World War I Aviation Album

Creator:
Kaiserlich und Königliche Luftfahrtruppen  Search this
Extent:
48 digital scans
Type:
Archival materials
Collection descriptions
digital scans
Digital images
Date:
bulk 1915-1918
Scope and Contents:
This collection consists of digital scans of the forty-eight photographs in a souvenir album of Fliegerkompanie 17; "Gewidmet vom Offiziers Korps der Fliegerkomp.17. Südwest Front ("Dedicated by the Officer Corps of Squadron 17. Southwest Front"). The photographs chronicle the daily life of an active World War I squadron, showing squadron personnel in a variety of activities: pilots and observers preparing for missions and relaxing off-duty, and enlisted menworking at all the trades required for keeping a squadron running -- repairing aircraft, manning an antiaircraft position, cooking rations, and even mending boots. The album provides a rare look at a lesser-known theater of the Great War.
Biographical / Historical:
The Austro-Hungarian Empire entered World War I with a small air force, the Kaiserlich und Königliche Luftfahrtruppen or K.u.K. Luftfahrtruppen (Imperial and Royal Aviation Troops), consisting of eighty-five pilots, thirty-nine operable aircraft, and ten observation balloons. In the first year of the war, Luftahrtruppen units operated on the Serbian, Russian, and Romanian fronts. The Luftfahrtruppen was confronted by its most formidable opponent when Italy entered the war on the Allied side in May 1915. Fliegerkompanie 17 (FliK 17), a reconnaissance and artillery cooperation squadron, was activated on June 3, 1915 and was assigned to the South Tyrol front in Northern Italy, attached to the Austro-Hungarian 10. Armee Korps (10.AK); first at Gardolo, later at Pergine Valsugana, and once again at Gardolo. The squadron was disbanded at Hall, Austria, in 1918. Its most notable commander was Hauptmann (later Major) Raoul Stojsavljevic (1887-1930), a leading Luftfahrtruppen ace with ten aerial victories.
Provenance:
Steve Jorstad, Gift, 2015
Restrictions:
No restrictions on access.
Rights:
Material is subject to Smithsonian Terms of Use. Should you wish to use NASM material in any medium, please submit an Application for Permission to Reproduce NASM Material, available at Permissions Requests
Topic:
World War, 1914-1918 -- Aerial operations  Search this
World War, 1914-1918 -- Campaigns -- Eastern Front  Search this
Aeronautics, Military  Search this
Genre/Form:
Digital images
Citation:
Austro-Hungarian World War I Aviation Album , Accession 2015-0022, National Air and Space Museum, Smithsonian Institution.
Identifier:
NASM.2015.0022
Archival Repository:
National Air and Space Museum Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-nasm-2015-0022

Russell Watson World War I Photo Album

Creator:
Watson, Russell  Search this
Names:
United States. Army. Air Service. 1st Aero Squadron  Search this
Watson, Russell  Search this
Extent:
0.2 Cubic Feet (1 flatbox)
Type:
Archival materials
Collection descriptions
Aerial Photographs
Guidebooks
Postcards
Photographs
Date:
1917-1919
Scope and Contents:
This scrapbook with a brown suede cover contains photographs relating to the 1st Aero Squadron during World War I. The images include the following: aircraft; engines; trucks and equipment; graves; trenches; French buildings and landscapes; 1st Aero personnel; aerial photographs; and airfields. This collection also contains a series of French postcards with images of Strasbourg, Nancy, and Metz. There is also a booklet entitled, 'Paris Monumental Metropolitan,' which is a guidebook to attractions in Paris.
Biographical / Historical:
Russell Watson was a mechanic for the 1st Aero Squadron during World War I. The 1st Aero Squadron was organized in Texas during March of 1913 and served under Brig. General John J. Pershing during the Mexico Punitive Expedition, 1916. During World War I, the 1st Aero Squadron was part of the 1st Corps Observation Group organized in April 1918, and it accomplished successful photographic missions.
General:
NASMrev
Provenance:
Guy E. Watson, Gift, 1994, 1995-0002, unknown
Restrictions:
No restrictions on access
Rights:
Material is subject to Smithsonian Terms of Use. Should you wish to use NASM material in any medium, please submit an Application for Permission to Reproduce NASM Material, available at Permissions Requests
Topic:
Aeronautics, Military  Search this
Aeronautics  Search this
Aerial photography  Search this
World War, 1914-1918 -- Aircraft  Search this
World War, 1914-1918 -- Aerial operations  Search this
World War, 1914-1918  Search this
Genre/Form:
Aerial Photographs
Guidebooks
Postcards
Photographs
Identifier:
NASM.1995.0002
Archival Repository:
National Air and Space Museum Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-nasm-1995-0002

Zenos R. Miller World War I Diaries

Creator:
Miller, Zenos Ramsey, -1922  Search this
Names:
United States. Army. Air Service. 1st Pursuit Group. 27th Aero Squadron  Search this
Miller, Zenos Ramsey, -1922  Search this
Extent:
0.05 Cubic Feet ((1 folder))
Type:
Archival materials
Collection descriptions
Diaries
Photographs
Date:
1918
Scope and Contents:
This collection consists of two items. The first is a diary that Miller titled, "Autograph Book and Diary of Zenos R. Miller: Containing the names of my fellow Gefangeneners and a brief record of events." The diary contains entries by 124 of Miller's fellow prisoners in which they write their name, address, and circumstances of capture. There are also descriptions, drawings, photographs, and mementos of the prison camp and the American, British, Greek and Russian men held there. The second item is a diary entitled, "Daily Reminder 1918," which covers the time period January 1 -- June 25, 1918, and describes Miller's aviation activities and camp life. The entries were entered by Miller before he was shot down and became a prisoner of war. This diary came with five snapshots of World War I pilots.
Biographical / Historical:
Zenos R. Miller was a pilot with the 27th Aero Squadron of the United States Air Service during World War I. Miller was credited with shooting down four German aircraft before he was shot down on July 16, 1918. He was a prisoner of war at Landshut and Villingen before the Armistice freed him in November of 1918. Miller returned to the United States and was studying at Harvard Medical School when he decided to undertake a transcontinental flight during the summer of 1922. He died during the first leg of the trip when the aircraft crashed.
General:
The National Air and Space Museum library holds "In Memory of Zenos Ramsey Miller."
NASMrev
Provenance:
Paul Miller and Helen Rosenthal, gift, 1981, 1994, 1994-0038, NASM
Restrictions:
No restrictions on access
Rights:
Material is subject to Smithsonian Terms of Use. Should you wish to use NASM material in any medium, please submit an Application for Permission to Reproduce NASM Material, available at Permissions Requests
Topic:
Prisoners of war  Search this
Fighter pilots  Search this
Air pilots  Search this
World War, 1914-1918 -- Aerial operations  Search this
Aeronautics, Military -- Research  Search this
Aeronautics  Search this
World War, 1914-1918  Search this
Genre/Form:
Diaries
Photographs
Identifier:
NASM.1994.0038
Archival Repository:
National Air and Space Museum Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-nasm-1994-0038

Wallace McCrane World War I Collection

Creator:
McCrane, Wallace Downs, 1896-1975  Search this
Names:
Kelly Field, Texas  Search this
United States. Army. Air Service. 153rd Aero Squadron  Search this
United States. Army. Air Service. 224th Aero Squadron  Search this
McCrane, Wallace Downs, 1896-1975  Search this
Extent:
0.45 Cubic Feet ((1 legal document box))
Type:
Archival materials
Collection descriptions
Photographs
Postcards
Publications
Correspondence
Date:
1918-1924
Scope and Contents:
This collection consists of the following items relating to the World War I aviation career of Wallace McCrane: two oversized rolled photographs of the 153rd and 224th Aero Squadrons; photographs; postcards; military orders; book, entitled 'Collected Materials for the Study of War'; reunion materials; and letters / postcards from a WWI Belgian Soldier to Edna Pick (the future Mrs. McCrane.)
Biographical / Historical:
Wallace Downs McCrane (1896-1975) enlisted on 14 December 1917, and arrived at Kelly Field on 26 December 1917. After his training at Kelly Field was completed, McCrane was sent to England and assigned to the 153rd Aero Squadron. In September of 1918 he was then transferred to France, where he became a member of the 224th Aero Squadron. In both squadrons, McCrane both flew as an observer and was a Signal Electrician. He returned to the United States in 1919, and after his discharge began his career at Exide Batteries as a metallurgist. McCrane also joined the Coast Guard Auxiliary during World War II and patrolled the Philadelphia Port / Delaware River.
General:
This accession came with a number of artifacts which were transferred to the National Air and Space Museum Division of Aeronautics.
NASMrev
Provenance:
Edna McCrane and Marion Wolanek, gift, 1998, 1999-0007, unknown
Restrictions:
No restrictions on access
Rights:
Material is subject to Smithsonian Terms of Use. Should you wish to use NASM material in any medium, please submit an Application for Permission to Reproduce NASM Material, available at Permissions Requests
Topic:
World War, 1914-1918 -- Aerial operations  Search this
World War, 1914-1918  Search this
Air pilots  Search this
Aeronautics, Military  Search this
Aeronautics  Search this
Aerial reconnaissance  Search this
Genre/Form:
Photographs
Postcards
Publications
Correspondence
Identifier:
NASM.1999.0007
Archival Repository:
National Air and Space Museum Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-nasm-1999-0007

H. Wallace Peters World War I Collection

Creator:
Peters, Heber Wallace  Search this
Names:
United States. Army. Air Service. 33rd Aero Squadron  Search this
Peters, Heber Wallace  Search this
Extent:
0.12 Cubic Feet ((1 slim legal document box))
Type:
Archival materials
Collection descriptions
Correspondence
Date:
1916-1956
Scope and Contents:
This collection consists of four folders of correspondence and official papers generated during Wallace Peters's military service.
Biographical / Historical:
Lieutenant Heber Wallace Peters was a member of the American Flying Service in France during World War I. He received flying instruction in Tours and Chateauroux and completed his training in Issoudun, where he became a flight instructor himself. Attached to the 33rd Aero Squadron, he was stationed in Bordeaux for a time after the Armistice before returning to the States.
General:
NASMrev
Provenance:
Joy Peters Haslam, Transfer, 1977, XXXX-0593, unknown
Restrictions:
No restrictions on access
Rights:
Material is subject to Smithsonian Terms of Use. Should you wish to use NASM material in any medium, please submit an Application for Permission to Reproduce NASM Material, available at Permissions Requests
Topic:
Aeronautics, Military  Search this
Aeronautics  Search this
Air pilots  Search this
Fighter pilots  Search this
World War, 1914-1918  Search this
World War, 1914-1918 -- Aerial operations  Search this
Genre/Form:
Correspondence
Identifier:
NASM.XXXX.0593
Archival Repository:
National Air and Space Museum Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-nasm-xxxx-0593

Theodore E. Boyd World War I Collection

Author:
Boyd, Theodore E.  Search this
Extent:
0.84 Cubic Feet (1 legal document box; 1 flat box)
Type:
Archival materials
Collection descriptions
Correspondence
Photographs
Date:
1916-1983
Summary:
The Theodore E. Boyd World War I collection consists of material documenting Theodore E. Boyd's World War I career. The bulk of the collection covers the World War I era, 1917 to 1919, but materials before and after those dates are also present. Materials include: correspondence, written both during the war to family and friends; photographs; military orders, mostly in English, a few in French; flight logs; identity card; Honorable Discharge and Distinguished Service Cross certificates; memoirs of his war experiences, both written for publication and to his family; and post war veterans rosters.
Scope and Contents:
The collection consists of material documenting Theodore E. Boyd's World War I career: correspondence, written both during the war to family and friends; photographs; military orders, mostly in English, a few in French; flight logs; identity card; Honorable Discharge and Distinguished Service Cross certificates; memoirs of his war experiences, both written for publication and to his family; and post war veterans rosters.
Arrangement:
The collection has been arranged into three series: Series 1, World War I; Series 2, Memoirs; and Series 3, Post War Rosters.

The collection did not have any particular order when received by the NASM Archives. Archivists have organized the documents by topic then by date.
Biographical Note:
During World War I, Theodore E. Boyd served with the 88th Aero Squadron (Attached), 7th Field Artillery, Air Service, American Expeditionary Forces (A.E.F.). Second Lieutenant Boyd was an observer and served in France until he was injured on September 14, 1918, when during a flight near Conflans, France, he was wounded in both legs, his left foot, and right elbow by explosive bullets. For his bravery during this flight, he was awarded the Distinguished Service Cross. Due to his injures, his service ended and he was honorably discharged. After the war, Boyd went to medical school and taught physiology for 24 years at Loyola University in Chicago. In 1947, Boyd joined the National Foundation for Infantile Paralysis where for twenty years he served as Assistant Director, and then Director, of the Research Department.

Timeline

Theodore E. Boyd Timeline

1893 December 14 -- Theodore Elliott Boyd born in Ashland City, Tennessee.

1910 -- Boyd forced to give up a West Point appointment because of varicose veins and a bad scar.

1917 May -- Reported to Reserve Officers' Training Camp, Fort Oglethorpe, Georgia.

1917 August 15 -- Honorably discharged from Ft. Oglehthorpe to accept commission as Second Lieutenant Field Artillery Section Officers Reserve Corps.

1917 August 22 -- Ordered to report to General Superintendent, Army Transport Services, New York City, for assignment to first available transportation to France. Left Tennessee August 23.

1917 September 9 -- Left New York. Landed at Liverpool on September 23, Le Havre on September 25.

1917 October 1 -- Entered Artillery School at Saumur

1918 January 14 -- Report to Aviation School, Tours

1918 February 19 -- Transferred to First Corps School, Gondrecourt, for advanced instruction.

1918 April 6 -- Dispatched for duty with French 40th Observation Squadron in Champagne.

1918 May 20 -- Ordered from Chalons-sur-Marne to the AEF 88th Squadron in Amanty (Meuse).

1918 June 6 -- Ordered to Cazeux for course in machine gun instruction.

1918 July 1 -- Returned to the 88th Squadron at Ourches (Meuse).

1918 August 9 -- Protected a photographic miessio nbetween the Vesle and Aisne. Cited for gallantry in action and entitled to wear a silver star on the Victory medal.

1918 September 9-12 -- On leave in Paris.

1918 September 14 -- "[Lt. Theodore Boyd was charged with the] protection of an aerial photo mission over the city of Conflans, in which six machines were schedule to fly in combat formation. This officer, three of the escorting plans having failed to join the formation, proceeded on his mission notwithstanding. At a point, roughly 3 km NW fo Conflans, he engaged in combat with five enemy pursuit machines of the Pfalz type. He was wounded in both legs, the left foot, and right elbow by explosive bullets. In spite of his wounds, he succeeded, by a remarkable display of courage and tenacity, in keeping up the fire of his guns until the attacking planes were put to flight. During the return to the Allied lines, Lieut. Boyd, although faint with pain and loss of blood, assisted his pilot, whose machine was disabled and coming down under control, in choosing the shortest route to safety."-Captain Kenneth P. Littauer, recommendation for Distinguished Service Cross

1918 November 11 -- Ordered to proceed from Savenay to the port of Brest for transport to the United States (left Brest November 18).

1918 November 29 -- Landed at Newport News, Virginia.

1918 December 6 -- Arrived at Fort McPherson, Georgia, for convalescense.

1919 May 6 -- Lieutenant Theodore E. Boyd honorably discharged from the United States Army.
Provenance:
Donated by Pat Piper, gift, 2012.
Restrictions:
No restrictions on access.
Rights:
Material is subject to Smithsonian Terms of Use. Should you wish to use NASM material in any medium, please submit an Application for Permission to Reproduce NASM Material, available at Permissions Requests.
Topic:
Aeronautics  Search this
World War, 1914-1918 -- Aerial operations  Search this
United States. Army. American Expeditionary Forces  Search this
Genre/Form:
Correspondence
Photographs
Citation:
Theodore E. Boyd World War I Collection, Accession 2013-0016, National Air and Space Museum, Smithsonian Institution.
Identifier:
NASM.2013.0016
See more items in:
Theodore E. Boyd World War I Collection
Archival Repository:
National Air and Space Museum Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-nasm-2013-0016
Additional Online Media:

World War I Aviators Photographs and Autographs Album

Creator:
Green, Marvin  Search this
Names:
Mitchell, William, 1879-1936  Search this
Rickenbacker, Eddie, 1890-1973  Search this
Udet, Ernst, General  Search this
Extent:
0.47 Cubic Feet ((1 box))
Type:
Archival materials
Collection descriptions
Photographs
Signatures (names)
Date:
bulk 1914-1918
Scope and Contents:
This scrapbook consists of photographs and autographs of prominent American, British, French, Canadian, Italian, Russian, and German aviators of World War I. Amoung the collection are William Mitchell, Edward Rickenbacker, Rene Fonck, William Bishop, Roy Brown, and Ernst Udet. The collection appears to have been assembled during the 1920s and 1930s. Also included are newspaper clippings related to aviators in the collection.
Provenance:
Marvin M. Green, Gift, 1983
Restrictions:
No restrictions on access.
Rights:
Material is subject to Smithsonian Terms of Use. Should you wish to use NASM material in any medium, please submit an Application for Permission to Reproduce NASM Material, available at Permissions Requests
Topic:
World War, 1914-1918 -- Aerial operations  Search this
Aeronautics, Military  Search this
Genre/Form:
Photographs
Signatures (names)
Citation:
World War I Aviators Photographs and Autographs Album , Accession XXXX-0315, National Air and Space Museum, Smithsonian Institution.
Identifier:
NASM.XXXX.0315
Archival Repository:
National Air and Space Museum Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-nasm-xxxx-0315

World War I Italian South Tyrol Aviation Photograph Album

Extent:
0.23 Cubic Feet ((1 flatbox))
Type:
Archival materials
Collection descriptions
Photograph albums
Date:
bulk 1916-1917
Biographical / Historical:
Although nominally a member of the Triple Alliance with Germany and Austria-Hungary since 1882, in 1915 Italy entered World War I on the side of the Allied Forces and declared war on Austria-Hungary. Austrian and Italian forces fought high in the mountainous and disputed territory of the South Tyrol and in 1918 Italian forces occupied the region, which they would be awarded postwar under the terms of the Treaty of Saint-Germain.
Provenance:
Cradle of Aviation Museum, Gift, 2005
Restrictions:
No restrictions on access.
Rights:
Material is subject to Smithsonian Terms of Use. Should you wish to use NASM material in any medium, please submit an Application for Permission to Reproduce NASM Material, available at Permissions Requests
Topic:
Aeronautics -- Italy  Search this
World War, 1914-1918 -- Aerial operations  Search this
World War, 1914-1918 -- Aircraft  Search this
Aeronautics -- Italy  Search this
Brandenburg C.I  Search this
Oeffag C.II  Search this
Nieuport 17  Search this
Genre/Form:
Photograph albums
Citation:
World War I Italian South Tyrol Aviation Photograph Album, Accession 2005-0017, National Air and Space Museum, Smithsonian Institution.
Identifier:
NASM.2005.0017
Archival Repository:
National Air and Space Museum Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-nasm-2005-0017

World War I 14th Balloon Photo Section Scrapbook [Heveran]

Creator:
Heveran, Glenn, 1895-1960  Search this
Extent:
0.3 Cubic Feet ((1 box))
Type:
Archival materials
Collection descriptions
Photographs
Articles
Menus
Maps
Date:
undated
Scope and Contents:
This donation consists of Heveran's scrapbook which contains photographs and ephemera. The photographs include images of the following aircraft and aviation scenes: Curtiss H Flying Boat; SPAD XVI and XIII; de Havilland D.H.4; Salmson; Fokker D.VIII; Halberstadt C.II; Royal Aircraft Factory (RAF) S.E.5; power winch for raising a balloon; and images of the 14th Balloon Photo Section members. There are also images of armament, tanks (including a decoy German tank), German artillery and mortar, images of dead German soldiers, and images of the destruction of the French countryside. The scrapbook also includes a map, French and Belgian currency, a Christmas menu, and newspaper articles.
Biographical / Historical:
Glenn Edward Heveran, Sr. (1895-1960) was born in Chicago, Illinois. As a young man he was a commercial photographer and participated in the infant motion picture industry in Chicago. Heveran was inducted into the United States Army in March of 1918. He became a corporal in the 14th Balloon Photo Section, First Army, and was sent to France in August of 1918. When he returned home in 1919, he prepared a scrapbook, containing photographs that he took or collected during his time in France
Provenance:
Ronald D. Heveran, Gift, 2003
Restrictions:
No restrictions on access.
Rights:
Material is subject to Smithsonian Terms of Use. Should you wish to use NASM material in any medium, please submit an Application for Permission to Reproduce NASM Material, available at Permissions Requests
Topic:
de Havilland (Airco) D.H.4  Search this
Tanks  Search this
Balloons  Search this
World War, 1914-1918  Search this
Artillery  Search this
SPAD XIV (S.14)  Search this
Fokker D.VIII  Search this
Halberstadt C.II  Search this
Royal Aircraft Factory (RAF) S.E.5  Search this
Aerial photography  Search this
14th Balloon Photo Section -- First Army  Search this
Genre/Form:
Photographs
Articles
Menus
Maps
Citation:
World War I 14th Balloon Photo Section Scrapbook [Heveran],2004-0008, National Air and Space Museum, Smithsonian Institution.
Identifier:
NASM.2004.0008
See more items in:
World War I 14th Balloon Photo Section Scrapbook [Heveran]
Archival Repository:
National Air and Space Museum Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-nasm-2004-0008
Additional Online Media:

Albert and Willy Stupe World War I Photograph Album

Creator:
Stupe, Albert  Search this
Stupe, Willy  Search this
Names:
Boelcke, Oswald, 1891-1916  Search this
Brandenburg, Ernst, 1883-1952  Search this
Hindenburg, Paul von, 1847-1934  Search this
Kaiser Wilhelm II  Search this
Richthofen, Manfred, Freiherr von, 1892-1918  Search this
Stupe, Albert  Search this
Stupe, Willy  Search this
Extent:
0.51 Cubic Feet (1 flat box)
Type:
Archival materials
Collection descriptions
Albums
Photographs
Date:
1895-1919
Summary:
The Albert and Willy Stupe World War I Photograph Album (acc. 1991.0037) shows German soldiers in both formal and informal settings; living quarters and airfields; airplanes and the bombs they dropped; and the towns in which the military installments were situated. A variety of aircraft and high profile personalities also appear in this album.
Scope and Contents:
The Albert and Willy Stupe World War I Photograph Album contains photographs of soldiers of the 95th and 135th Infantry Regiments. The photographs record soldier life in both formal and informal settings, showing their living quarters and airfields; the airplanes they flew and the bombs they dropped; as well as the towns in which the airfields were situated. Several pages are dedicated to Kampfgeschwader 3, the England-Geschwader. It was this bomber squadron, under the command of Captain Ernst Brandenburg, that was responsible for the bombing of London by airplanes, an achievement which earned both Captain Brandenburg and his successor, Captain Rudolf Kleine, the Pour le Mérite.

A variety of aircraft also appear in this album, including: Gotha G.IV, Fokker E.II, LFG Roland, and LVG C.III. A number of images document the visits of high-profile German personalities to the units--Kaiser Wilhelm, General von Hindenberg, and Germany's most famous ace, Baron von Richthofen--while several photographs memorialize the funeral of flying ace Oswald Boelcke.
Arrangement:
The Albert and Willy Stupe World War I Photograph Album is in its original order. A group of ten postcards in folder two (acc. 1991.0054) are in no particular order.
Biographical/Historical note:
Willy Stupe (1889-1951) and his younger brother Albert (1891-1917) were born in Coburg, Germany, where they also began their military service. The brothers both served in the 95th Infantry Regiment (6th Thuringian) at some point during their military careers. Leutnant Albert Stupe was a decorated officer, having received two Iron Crosses and other combat medals. World War I German casualty lists for 1914-1919 show that Albert, who is said to have been a pilot, was killed in action on July 31, 1917.

Willy spent some of his military service as a paymaster and is said to have served in a motorcycle unit. He immigrated to the United States in 1921, declaring (as Willy Stuppe) his intentions be become an American citizen. Willy lived out the rest of his days with his wife, Cora Caesar, working as a merchant in the Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, area until his death in 1951.
Provenance:
Kevin B. Skinner, Gift, 1991, 1991.0037, NASM
Restrictions:
No restrictions on access
Rights:
Material is subject to Smithsonian Terms of Use. Should you wish to use NASM material in any medium, please submit an Application for Permission to Reproduce NASM Material, available at Permissions Requests.
Topic:
Aeronautics  Search this
Aeronautics -- Germany  Search this
Aeronautics, Military  Search this
LFG Roland Family  Search this
Fokker E.II (M 14)  Search this
Gotha G.IV  Search this
LVG C.III  Search this
World War, 1914-1918  Search this
World War, 1914-1918 -- Aircraft  Search this
World War, 1914-1918 -- Aerial operations  Search this
World War, 1914-1918 -- Germany  Search this
War -- World War I soldiers  Search this
Genre/Form:
Albums
Photographs
Citation:
Albert and Willy Stupe World War I Photograph Album, Acc. 1991.0037, National Air and Space Museum, Smithsonian Institution.
Identifier:
NASM.1991.0037
See more items in:
Albert and Willy Stupe World War I Photograph Album
Archival Repository:
National Air and Space Museum Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-nasm-1991-0037
Additional Online Media:

World War I Propaganda Leaflet, "Note from President Wilson" (German)

Names:
Wilson, Woodrow, 1856-1924  Search this
Extent:
0.05 Cubic Feet ((1 folder))
Type:
Archival materials
Collection descriptions
Leaflets
Date:
bulk 1918
Scope and Contents:
This collection consists of one 8 x 10.5 inch, two-sided, black-and-white leaflet, in German, entitled "Die Note des Präsidenten Wilson vom 23 October 1918."
Biographical / Historical:
In August 1918, General John Joseph Pershing of the American Expeditionary Force (AEF) initially commanded the U.S. First Army in the attack now called the Meuse-Argonne Offensive (aka Battle of the Argonne Forest, Grand Offensive, or Hundred Days Offensive), east of Verdun, in a joint attempt with the French to cut off the entire German Second Army. General William Mitchell and 500 aircraft from the United States Air Services supported this advance militarily, and also dropped propaganda leaflets over the German lines. The offensive was slow and difficult, was halted on 30th September, and resumed on 4th October. The influenza-weakened German Army began to retreat on 4th November, and fresh troops in the First Army had advanced to the Hindenburg line under the command of Hunter Liggett when the Armistice was announced on 11 November, 1918.
Provenance:
Donor Firstname Lastname, Gift, Year received
Restrictions:
No restrictions on access.
Rights:
Material is subject to Smithsonian Terms of Use. Should you wish to use NASM material in any medium, please submit an Application for Permission to Reproduce NASM Material, available at Permissions Requests
Topic:
Propaganda  Search this
World War, 1914-1918  Search this
Aeronautics  Search this
Genre/Form:
Leaflets
Citation:
World War I Propaganda Leaflet, "Note from President Wilson" (German), Accession XXXX-1029, National Air and Space Museum, Smithsonian Institution.
Identifier:
NASM.XXXX.1029
Archival Repository:
National Air and Space Museum Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-nasm-xxxx-1029

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