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Alluard Hygrometer

view Alluard Hygrometer digital asset number 1
Maker:
W. M. Welch Scientific Company
Object Name:
Alluard hygrometer
hygrometer
Place made:
United States: Illinois, Chicago
Description:
Emile Alluard, professor of physics at the University of Clermont-Ferand and director of the meteorological observatory on the nearby Puy-de-Dôme, described this type of hygrometer in 1878. A modification of Regnault's instrument, it consists of a square vessel made of polished nickel-plated brass. At either side of the vessel, but not touching it, are strips of similar material. In use, the vessel would be filled with ether, and this ether would be cooled by evaporation by means of an aspirating bulb. When dew appears on the shiny surface of the vessel, a thermometer in the vessel indicates the temperature of the ether at that point. A second thermometer measures the ambient temperature.
Robert A. Millikan described the Alluard hygrometer as being one of the "most perfect forms of the dew-point hygrometer" in his Mechanics, Molecular Physics and Heat, a popular college text that was first published in 1903 and that aimed "to present Physics as a science of exact measurement." This example is marked "A Sign of Quality WELCH A Mark of Service / W. M. Welch Scientific Company / ESTABLISHED 1880 / 1515 SEDGWICK ST. CHICAGO, U.S.A." It was made between 1921 (when the W. M. Welch Scientific Company began as such) and 1960 (when it became Welch Scientific). It is missing the aspirating bulb and both thermometers.
Ref: M. Allouard, "Nouvel Hygromètre a Condensation," Journal de Physique et le Radium 7 (1878): 328-330.
W. M. Welch Scientific Co., Catalog G (Chicago, 1935), p. 157.
Subject:
Measuring & Mapping
Thermometers and Hygrometers
Credit Line:
U.S. Weather Bureau
ID Number:
PH*334152
Catalog number:
334152
Accession number:
308253
See more items in:
Medicine and Science: Physical Sciences
Thermometers and Hygrometers
Data Source:
National Museum of American History, Kenneth E. Behring Center

Diary, European trip, 1914 (2 of 2)

view Diary, European trip, 1914 (2 of 2) digital asset number 1
Collection name:
Bohumil Shimek Papers, 1878-1936
Physical Description:
1 field book
Physical Location:
Smithsonian Institution Archives
Sublocation:
Box 3 Folder 4
Record type:
Fieldbook record
Object Type:
Field notes
Maps
Diary
Place:
Europe
Rhine
Germany
Kaiserstuhl
Rhine
Mainz
Austria-Hungary
Date Range:
1914
Start Date:
19140723
End Date:
19140906
Abstract:
The diary (2 of 2) documents Bohumil Shimek's work in Austria-Hungary and Germany, July 23 - September 6, 1914 (2 books). Some entries switch back and forth between English and Czech. Pages are numbered. Entries are dated and describe a wide range of topics. Entries cover weather; local sights visited; institutes, universities and gardens seen; terrain observed especially along river banks; notes on plants observed; photographs taken; maps of buildings of institutions visited; terrain of ridges surrounding Kaiserstuhl (layers, composition, color, appearance, presence of fossils, shells). They also discuss current events: increased military presence battle at site of church, issues with local police, stories are local inhabitants effected by the beginning of World War I, and challenges of travel home. Locations include the vicinity of Rhine River; Mainz, Kaiserstuhl, Germany; Prague.
Topic:
Geology
Botany
Paleontology
Accession #:
SIA RU007082
Access Information:
Many of SIA's holdings are located off-site, and advance notice is recommended to consult a collection. Please email the SIA Reference Team at osiaref@si.edu.
See more records from this collection:
Bohumil Shimek Papers, 1878-1936
See more records associated with this person:
Shimek, Bohumil, 1861-1937
Data Source:
Smithsonian Field Book Project
Additional Online Media:

[E. Howard Clock customer lists, Volume 2, book.]

view [E. Howard Clock customer lists, Volume 2, book.] digital asset number 1
Author:
E. Howard Clock Co
Physical description:
Ink on paper
1 item, 14.1" x 9.5"
Type:
Ledgers (account books)
Place:
Massachusetts
Boston (Mass.)
Date:
1880
1920
Circa 1900
19th century
20th century
1840-1900
Summary:
Listing of custormer names.
Cite as:
E. Howard Clock Co. Records, 1862-1930, Archives Center, National Museum of American History, Smithsonian Institution
Topic:
Clock and watch making
Clock and watch makers
Clocks and watches
Local number:
AC0776-10-02 (AC Scan)
See more items in:
E. Howard Clock Co. Records 1862-1930
Data Source:
Archives Center - NMAH

INSTRUMENTS AND SUPPLIES FOR TEACHING MATHEMATICS

Author:
Welch Scientific Company
Type:
Books
Trade catalogs
Date:
1965
Notes:
Trade literature.
Topic:
Mathematics laboratories--EQUIPMENT AND SUPPIES
Call number:
002851
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries

Joy McLean Bosfield papers, circa 1929-1995 bulk 1945-1985

view Joy McLean Bosfield papers, circa 1929-1995 bulk 1945-1985 digital asset number 1
Creator:
Bosfield, Joy McLean
Subject:
Bosfield, Joy McLean
Physical description:
4 boxes (3.41 linear feet)
Type:
Artifacts
Collection descriptions
Books
Clippings
Contracts
Correspondence
Ephemera
Sound recordings
Magazines (periodicals)
Pamphlets
Personal papers
Photographic prints
Photographs
Posters
Scores
Scrapbooks
Scripts (documents)
Date:
1923
1923-1995
circa 1929-1995
bulk 1945-1985
20th century
Notes:
Joy McLean Bosfield was born on January 27, 1924 to John and Florence Mearimore. Her mother, an immigrant from Demerara, Guiana, married McLean's father, a prominent New York businessman, in March of 1923 in New Jersey. She lived with her family in Paramus, New Jersey until 1940, when she graduated from Ridgewood High School. During that same year McLean was accepted to the prestigious Hunter College, in New York. Her mother moved with her to New York City where they lived with Mrs. Mearimore's older brother. During her time in New York, McLean developed important relationships that helped shape her professionalism and creativeness. On February 26, 1945, McLean performed in her first recital at St. Martin's Little Theatre. It was the beginning of a long and distinguished career as a soprano opera singer. Three years after graduating and making her debut, she went on to perform at Carnegie Hall. In June of 1948, McLean married Charles McLean and moved to England. Mr. McLean, originally from British Guiana, wished to study law at London University, while Ms. McLean continued to develop her career by working for the BBC (British Broadcasting Corporation) as a solo soprano for several of their programs. In 1952 Ms. McLean toured with an American company of Porgy and Bess. Through the production she travelled all over the world including eastern and western Europe and the Middle East. When she returned to the United States, McLean joined several musicals and continued to give recitals and public appearances. At some point, McLean married Samuel Bosfield and began being known as McLean Bosfield. She claimed the name change reflected her many years as a public figure and the importance of the associated reputation it generated. Later in life, McLean moved to Washington D.C. with her husband where she continued to work on her career by giving recitals and performing as a piano accompanist. She also began working for the Frederick Wilkerson Studio of Voice as a vocal coach. After the death of Wilkerson, McLean took over the studio in the 1980s. She called it the McLean Bosfield Vocal Studio. Besides vocal training she also produced public recitals for her students. The final student concert of the studio was held on March 17, 1985. It was not only the final concert for the studio (Ms. McLean retired and closed the studio in 1985) but it would also be Ms. McLean's final public performance. With the death of her husband, Samuel Bosfield, and her mother in 1983 and 1984 McLean found no reason to stay in D.C. She moved to Chapala, Mexico in 1985 after reconnecting with an old family friend she knew when she lived in New York City while attending college. Upon moving to Mexico, McLean married her long time friend, Bill Jackson who was several years her senior and had moved to Chapala years earlier with his deceased first wife. Jackson and McLean spent several fruitful years together, participating in community theater productions and other community functions until his death in 1991 at the age of 91. On April 4, 1999, Joy McLean Bosfield died.
Summary:
The collection, which dates from circa 1923 to 1995 and measures 3.41 linear feet, documents the personal life and career of opera singer and voice teacher Joy McLean Bosfield. The papers are comprised of personal and professional correspondence, concert programs, contracts, newspaper clippings, scrapbooks, photgraphs, radio scripts, and record albums.
Cite as:
Joy McLean Bosfield papers, Anacostia Community Museum Archives, Smithsonian Institution, gift of Joy McLean Bosfield
Topic:
African American singers
Opera
Sopranos (Singers)
Voice teachers
Local number:
ACMA 2003.7050
Data Source:
Anacostia Community Museum Archives
Additional Online Media:

Leo Baekeland Diary Volume 13, 1913

view Leo Baekeland Diary Volume 13, 1913 digital asset number 1
Author:
Baekeland, L. H (Leo Hendrik) 1863-1944
Physical description:
Ink on paper
1 item, 6.0" x 3.5"
Type:
Biographies
Diaries
Place:
Yonkers (N.Y.)
Date:
1913
1913-1913
March 27, 1913 to June 30, 1913
1910-1920
20th century
1900-1913
Summary:
Inscription on flyleaf: "I / Journal of / Dr. L.H. Baekeland / Yonkers, NY [sic] / March 27, 1913 / to June 30, 1913." The diary details Baekeland's daily activities. He writes often of his visits and discussions, and the subjects of correspondence he has written and received. It sheds light on the use and distance of travel by automobile in the early twentieth century. In the notes, Baekeland explains increasing time spent in the laboratory in 1913.
Cite as:
Leo H. Baekeland Papers, 1863-1968, Archives Center, National Museum of American History, Smithsonian Institution
Topic:
Laboratories
Automobiles
Tourism
Family
Local number:
AC0005-D13
See more items in:
Leo H. Baekeland Papers
Data Source:
Archives Center - NMAH

Leo Baekeland Diary Volume 20, 1916

view Leo Baekeland Diary Volume 20, 1916 digital asset number 1
Author:
Baekeland, L. H (Leo Hendrik) 1863-1944
Physical description:
Ink on paper
1 item, 6.0" x 3.5"
Type:
Diaries
Date:
1916
May 1, 1916 to October 1, 1916
20th century
Cite as:
Leo H. Baekeland Papers, 1863-1968, Archives Center, National Museum of American History, Smithsonian Institution
Topic:
Family
Local number:
AC0005-D20
See more items in:
Leo H. Baekeland Papers
Data Source:
Archives Center - NMAH

Leo Baekeland Diary Volume 23, 1917

view Leo Baekeland Diary Volume 23, 1917 digital asset number 1
Author:
Baekeland, L. H (Leo Hendrik) 1863-1944
Physical description:
Ink on paper
1 item, 6.0" x 3.5"
Type:
Diaries
Date:
1917
July 18, 1917 to December 7, 1917
20th century
Cite as:
Leo H. Baekeland Papers, 1863-1968, Archives Center, National Museum of American History, Smithsonian Institution
Topic:
Family
Local number:
AC0005-D23
See more items in:
Leo H. Baekeland Papers
Data Source:
Archives Center - NMAH

Leo Baekeland Diary Volume 47, 1929-1930

view Leo Baekeland Diary Volume 47, 1929-1930 digital asset number 1
Author:
Baekeland, L. H (Leo Hendrik) 1863-1944
Physical description:
Ink on paper
1 item, 6.0" x 3.5"
Type:
Diaries
Date:
1929
1929-1930
July 1, 1929 to July 1, 1930
20th century
Cite as:
Leo H. Baekeland Papers, 1863-1968, Archives Center, National Museum of American History, Smithsonian Institution
Topic:
Family
Local number:
AC0005-D47
See more items in:
Leo H. Baekeland Papers
Data Source:
Archives Center - NMAH

Minutes, 1846-

view Minutes, 1846- digital asset number 1
Creator:
Smithsonian Institution Board of Regents
Subject:
Fillmore, Millard 1800-1874
Taylor, Zachary 1784-1850
Taney, Roger Brooke 1777-1864
Smithsonian Institution Administration
Physical description:
8.20 cu. ft. (9 document boxes) (7 12x17 boxes) (1 16x20 box)
Type:
Mixed archival materials
Collection descriptions
Date:
1846
1846-
Notes:
The Smithsonian Institution was created by authority of an Act of Congress approved August 10, 1846. The Act entrusted direction of the Smithsonian to a body called the Establishment, composed of the President; the Vice-President; the Chief Justice of the United States; the Cabinet; the Mayor of Washington; and the Commissioner of the Patent Office. In fact, however, the Establishment last met in 1877; and control of the Smithsonian has always been exercised by its Board of Regents. The membership of the Regents consists of the Vice-President and the Chief Justice of the United States; three members each of the Senate and House of Representatives; two citizens of the District of Columbia; and nine citizens of the several states, no two from the same state. (Prior to 1970 the category of citizen-Regents not residents of Washington consisted of four members). By custom the Chief Justice is Chancellor. The office was at first held by the Vice-President. However, when Millard Fillmore succeeded to the presidency on the death of Zachary Taylor in 1851, Chief Justice Roger Brooke Taney was chosen in his stead; and the office has always been filled by the Chief Justice since that time.
Summary:
These records are the official, edited minutes of the Board, compiled at the direction of the Secretary of the Smithsonian, who is also secretary to the Board. Manuscript minutes exist for the period from 1846 to 1856, and after 1891. Only printed versions exist for the years from 1857 to 1891.
Topic:
Museum trustees
Museums--Administration
Local number:
SIA RU000001
See more items in:
Minutes 1846-2007 [Smithsonian Institution Board of Regents]
Data Source:
Smithsonian Institution Archives

Negative Log Book Number 8, (76-1 to 76-19384)

view Negative Log Book Number 8, (76-1 to 76-19384) digital asset number 1
Creator:
Smithsonian Institution Archives Smithsonian Photographic Services
Physical description:
Ink on paper
Type:
Logs (records)
Collection descriptions
Date:
1976
Summary:
Negative log book number 8, or "green book," documenting various Smithsonian museums and events. Information includes negative numbers, subjects of the photographs, persons and departments for whom the pictures were taken, dates the pictures were taken, photographers, and dates the information was entered into the log books.
Cite as:
Smithsonian Institution Archives, Accession 10-001, Negative Log Book Number 8, 1976
Topic:
Photography--History
Local number:
SIA Acc. 10-001 [SIA_10-001_NLB08]
Data Source:
Smithsonian Institution Archives

Periodic Chart of the Atoms

view Periodic Chart of the Atoms digital asset number 1
Maker:
Welch Scientific Company
Measurements:
rolled: 58 in x 3 1/4 in; 147.32 cm x 8.255 cm
Object Name:
chart, periodic table
Date made:
1963
Description:
In the late 19th century, the Russian chemist Dimitry Ivanovich Mendeleev developed several charts in which chemical elements were grouped according to common properties. The atomic theory of matter developed over the next century suggested that these groupings could be explained by similarities in atomic structure.
In 1924, Henry D. Hubbard of the U.S. National Bureau of Standards prepared the first edition of this "Periodic Chart of the Atoms." It included symbols for the elements, atomic numbers, atomic weights, and descriptions of atomic structure. In the course of the twentieth century, numerous new elements were discovered and added to the chart. Physical data on the properties of elements also was incorporated. Wall charts became a fixture of the chemistry classroom.
The Periodic Chart of the Atoms was revised regularly by the NBS and published by the W. M. Welch Science Company of Chicago. This is the 1963 version of the chart, as prepared by spectroscopist William F. Meggars. High schools could purchase the charts with aid from the U.S. government. Some chemists working on curriculum projects of the time also prepared new forms of the periodic table.
Location:
Currently not on view
Subject:
Science & Mathematics
Sputnik
ID Number:
1994.0019.01
Accession number:
1994.0019
Catalog number:
1994.019.01
See more items in:
Medicine and Science: Chemistry
Sputnik
Data Source:
National Museum of American History, Kenneth E. Behring Center

Philatelic index [manuscript] / compiled by John K. Tiffany, 1880-1881

view Philatelic index [manuscript] / compiled by John K. Tiffany, 1880-1881 digital asset number 1
Author:
Tiffany, John K (John Kerr) 1843-1897
Former owner:
Ricketts, William R (William Reynolds) 1869-1956 DSI
Physical description:
1 v. (206 p.) ; 25 cm
Type:
Manuscripts
Bibliography
Catalogs
Periodicals
Indexes
Place:
United States
Date:
1880
1881
Notes:
Mechanically reproduced (lithographed or mimeographed?) from a handwritten draft, with addenda and corrections (apparently by J.K. Tiffany) added in pencil.
"Part I. Citing all passages in the stamp journals refering to the stamps of the United States. St. Louis, January, 1880"--T.p.
"Explanation. Having undertaken to put such information as I possessed in relation to the stamps of the United States in shape for publication for M. Moens I began by examining every stamp publication in my possession to ascertain what had already appeared in print upon my proposed subject. The references to these passages arranged under the various issues in their chronological order and brought down to date comprise this index. A chronological index of the various stamp journals, with their publishers each followed by the abbreviation used & by which it is quoted, a table of the abbreviations and numbers of the journals they designate is followed the list of the stamps, postal envelopes, postcards, document proprietary, card, private medicine card and match stamps and their varieties with citation of the various journals mentioning each in order. ... St. Louis, Jan. 1881"--P. [3]-[4].
Topic:
Postage stamps
Call number:
Z7164.P85 T54 1880
Z7164.P85T54 1880
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
Additional Online Media:

Random records of a lifetime, 1846-1931 [actually 1932] volume II, Explorations, Episodes and Adventures, Expositions and Congresses

Random records, vol. 2
view Random records of a lifetime, 1846-1931 [actually 1932] volume II, Explorations, Episodes and Adventures, Expositions and Congresses digital asset number 1
Creator:
Holmes, William Henry 1846-1933
Author:
Peale, A. C (Albert Charles) 1849-1914
Hayden, F. V (Ferdinand Vandeveer) 1829-1887
Subject:
Holmes, William Henry 1846-1933
Smithsonian Institution History
Geological Survey (U.S.) History
Geological and Geographical Survey of the Territories (U.S.)
Physical description:
1 volume illustrations, clippings, letters. 27 cm
Type:
Electronic resources
Place:
Yellowstone National Park
Date:
1872
1872-1932
Notes:
Devised title.
Binder's title: Random records.
Typewritten manuscript.
William Henry Holmes (1846-1933) was an anthropologist, archaeologist, artist, and geologist, who spent much of his career affiliated with the Smithsonian Institution. He studied art under Theodore Kauffman, and went on to work as a scientific illustrator with Smithsonian staff. In 1872, he was appointed artist-topographer to the United States survey of the territories under Ferdinand V. Hayden, and in 1874 was appointed assistant geologist. He went on to work with the United States Geological Survey (USGS), the Bureau of American Ethnology (BAE), until returning to the Smithsonian Institution, United States National Museum (USNM). Holmes eventually became head curator of the Smithsonian Institution's Department of Anthropology and Director of the National Gallery of Art.
Summary:
This is the second of sixteen volumes compiled by William Henry Holmes in 1931 or 1932 to document his life and work. The volume contains original correspondences, documents, ephemera, watercolors, and photographs throughout. It is divided into four sections. The first contains a list of descriptions of his explorations from 1872 to 1920. Section two describes episodes and adventures from 1872-1920. This begins with a list of stories, which he describes using portions of letters, original field note books, news clippings, photographs (also with colleagues), and original drawings including a field drawing of a flower. This includes work completed with A. C. Peale and geological notes from Hayden expedition. Field work locations include Yellowstone, Colorado, and Mexico. Section three describes expositions between 1876-1916 across the United States in which U.S. Geological Survey and Smithsonian Institution took part. Section four documents the second Pan American Congress in Washington, D.C., during December 1915- January 1916; Fourteenth International Congress in Stutgart, August 1904; and the nineteenth International Congress during December 1915 - January 1916.
Call number:
CT275.H75 A1 v. 2
CT275.H75 A1
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries

[Trade catalogs on scientific laboratory equipment for physics, chemistry, biology, agriculture, and general science; blast lamps, microscopes, dissecting sets, tuning forks, pumps, balances, scales, meters, truss units, hydrogen ion apparatus; biological charts and specimens, lantern and microscopic slides, etc.; amateur science kits, radio and electrical apparatus; centrifuges, chemicals, laboratory furniture, mathematical models, physics apparatus and charts, etc.; classroom supplies, notebooks, pencils, erasers, desks, chairs, drinking fountains, maps, playground equipment, bells]

Author:
Welch Scientific Company
W.M. Welch Scientific Company
W.M. Welch Manufacturing Company
Smithsonian Libraries American History Trade Literature Collection DSI
Physical description:
<85> v. : ill
Type:
Catalogs
Trade catalogs
Date:
1915
1915-
Notes:
Trade literature.
Includes catalogs issued by: W.M. Welch Scientific Company; W.M. Welch Manufacturing Company.
Topic:
Scientific apparatus and instruments industry
Chemical apparatus
Measuring instruments
Electronic apparatus and appliances
Science--Slides--Catalogs
Laboratories--Furniture, equipment, etc
Schools--Furniture, equipment, etc
Physics--Experiments--Equipment and supplies--Catalogs
Biological laboratories--Equipment and supplies--Catalogs
Airguide (Brand name)
Call number:
46549
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries

W. H. Welch Sextant

Maker:
Welch Scientific Company
Measurements:
overall: 2 1/4 in x 7 7/8 in x 7 1/4 in; 5.715 cm x 20.0025 cm x 18.415 cm
Object Name:
sextant
Place made:
United States: Illinois, Chicago
Date made:
ca 1929-1963
Description:
Short discussions of the sextant began appearing in physics texts in the 1880s, and inexpensive sextants suitable for pedagogical purposes followed soon thereafter. This die-cast metal instrument is of that sort. Welch catalogs describe it as a "convenient demonstration model of an engineer’s or a mariner’s sextant." The scale is graduated every 30' from 0° to 120° and read by vernier to six minutes of arc. A small bubble level is mounted on the sighting tube. The inscription reads "W. M. WELCH SCIENTIFIC COMPANY (/) WELCH (/) ESTABLISHED 1880 (/) 1515 SEDGWICK ST. CHICAGO. U.S.A."
Ref: W. M. Welch Scientific Company, Catalog. Scientific Apparatus (Chicago, 1929-1963).
W. M. Welch Scientific Company, "Instructions for the Use of No. 3536 Sextant Model."
Location:
Currently not on view
Subject:
Measuring & Mapping
Navigation
ID Number:
2004.0197.01
Catalog number:
2004.0197.01
Accession number:
2004.0197
See more items in:
Medicine and Science: Physical Sciences
Navigation
Data Source:
National Museum of American History, Kenneth E. Behring Center

Welch duo-seal digest : vacuum technology

Welch digestVacuum technology
Author:
W.M. Welch Manufacturing Company
Welch Scientific Company
Physical description:
v. : ill. ; 28 cm
Type:
Periodicals
Date:
19uu
Notes:
Description based on: Vol. 3, no. 4 (1960) and v. 4, no. 1 (1961); title from caption.
Topic:
Vacuum technology--Periodicals
Scientific apparatus and instruments--Periodicals
Call number:
TJ940 .W438
TJ940.W438
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries

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