overall: 20.7 cm x 11.1 cm x 10.8 cm; 8 1/8 in x 4 3/8 in x 4 1/4 in
The Rolleiflex or “Rollei” twin lens camera was originally introduced in 1929 by Rollei-Werke, a German company. This 2.8 lens model, was popular in the 1960s. The construction and design of this 6x6cm medium format camera with its superior optics, mechanics, bright viewfinder, and exposure controls allowed for its quick acceptance by prominent professional photographers. Today, the digital versions of this camera are available.
From its invention in 1839, the camera has evolved to fit many needs, from aerial to underwater photography and everything in between. Cameras allow both amateur and professional photographers to capture the world around us. The Smithsonian’s historic camera collection includes rare and unique examples of equipment, and popular models, related to the history of the science, technology, and art of photography.
Eddy Mumma, born Milton, OH 1908-died Gainesville, FL 1986
oil on board
24 × 24 in. (61.0 × 61.0 cm)
ca. 1978 - 1986
Eddy Mumma was named in honor of Mary Baker Eddy, the founder of the Church of Christian Science, whom his parents admired. He began painting in 1969 following his wife’s premature death and at a time when his own physical health was deteriorating. His increasing interest in art may have marked a flagging faith. Around 1980, his style and output exploded. Regal, flamboyant, and colorful characters crowd within their rectangular frames, most often featuring large eyes and upraised hands. Mumma’s paintings seem to redirect a character that was once larger-than-life; as Mumma’s physical presence faded, his work came increasingly alive.
Smithsonian American Art Museum, Gift of Josh Feldstein