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Wright (Co) Type A, Fort Myer Trials (1908); Events, 1908, Fort Myer (VA), Wright (Co) Type A Military Trials; Wright, Orville. [photograph]

Photographer:
U. S. Army Air Service  Search this
Type:
Photographs
Date:
September 9, 1908
Topic:
Aeronautics  Search this
Aeronautics, Military  Search this
Airplanes  Search this
Local number:
NASM-9A02233
Restrictions & Rights:
Images are subject to Smithsonian Institution, National Air and Space Museum, Copyright and Image Use Restrictions. Usage requires prior written permission. Should you wish to use NASM still images in any medium, please submit an Application for Permission to Reproduce NASM Photographs, available at NASM's Permissions webpage: www.nasm.si.edu/research/arch/permissions.cfm
See more items in:
US Army Air Service Copy Photographs [Relyea]
Data Source:
National Air and Space Museum Archives
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_arc_391699

Fort Myer Army Trial Flight Photographs

Creator:
Clime, W. S.  Search this
Names:
Knab, Frederick, 1865-1918  Search this
Lahm, Frank Purdy, 1877-1963  Search this
Selfridge, Thomas Etholen  Search this
Taylor, Charles Edward, 1868-1956  Search this
Wright, Orville, 1871-1948  Search this
Wright, Orville, 1871-1948  Search this
Extent:
0.5 Cubic Feet ((1 folder))
Type:
Archival materials
Collection descriptions
Photographic prints
Place:
Fort Myer (Va.)
Date:
bulk 1908-1909
Scope and Contents:
The U.S. Army Signal Corps advertised for bids for a two-seat observation aircraft and in 1908 and 1909, the Wrights flew the Wright 1908 Military Flyer at official Army trials at Fort Myer, Virginia. On September 17, 1908, Orville Wright and Lieutenant Thomas Etholen Selfridge made a flight as a part of these trials. While in the air, a blade on the propeller broke and the aircraft fell from 75 feet up and landed on Wright and Selfridge. Both men sustained severe injuries. Wright broke a leg and several ribs, and Selfridge was taken off the field unconscious. Selfridge died shortly after the accident from his injuries and became powered flight's first fatality. The Army was to purchase the Wright (Co) Type A Military (Signal Corps No. 1) for {dollar}30,000 in 1909.
Biographical / Historical:
This collection consists of 45 black and white photographs, of varying sizes and including some duplicates, taken by photographer W. S. Clime at the 1908-1909 official army trials at Fort Myer, Virginia. Shown in the images are the Wright 1908 Military Flyer in flight and on the ground; the crash that injured Orville Wright and killed Thomas Selfridge; and Thomas S. Baldwin with an Army dirigible. Other persons shown in the photographs include mechanic Charles W. Taylor; Major George O. Squier; Lieutenant Frank P. Lahm; Lieutenant Benjamin D. Foulois; Augustus Post; and Mrs. M. Longworth. The collection also contains one unrelated photograph of A. Roy Knabenshue making a flight over Washington, D.C.
Provenance:
A.S. Clime, Gift, Unknown
Restrictions:
No restrictions on access.
Rights:
Material is subject to Smithsonian Terms of Use. Should you wish to use NASM material in any medium, please submit an Application for Permission to Reproduce NASM Material, available at Permissions Requests
Topic:
Wright (Co) Type A Military (Signal Corps No. 1)  Search this
Genre/Form:
Photographic prints
Citation:
Collection name, Accession XXXX-0904, National Air and Space Museum, Smithsonian Institution.
Identifier:
NASM.XXXX.0904
Archival Repository:
National Air and Space Museum Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-nasm-xxxx-0904

Wright (Co) Type A, Fort Myer Trials (1908). [photograph]

Photographer:
US Army Signal Corps  Search this
Type:
Photographs
Date:
9/9/1908
Local number:
NASM-7A43402
Restrictions & Rights:
Images are subject to Smithsonian Institution, National Air and Space Museum, Copyright and Image Use Restrictions. Usage requires prior written permission. Should you wish to use NASM still images in any medium, please submit an Application for Permission to Reproduce NASM Photographs, available at NASM's Permissions webpage: www.nasm.si.edu/research/arch/permissions.cfm
See more items in:
United States Air Force Pre-1954 Still Photography Collection
Data Source:
National Air and Space Museum Archives
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_arc_381090

1909 Wright Military Flyer

Manufacturer:
Wright Brothers, Dayton, Ohio  Search this
Materials:
Airframe: Wood
Fabric Covering: Muslin
Dimensions:
Overall: 8.2 ft. × 29.2 ft. × 37.3 ft. (2.5m × 8.9m × 11.37m)
Weight: 334 kg (735 lb)
Type:
CRAFT-Aircraft
Country of Origin:
United States of America
Date:
1909
Credit Line:
Transferred from the U.S. War Department
Inventory Number:
A19120001000
Restrictions & Rights:
Do not reproduce without permission from the Smithsonian Institution, National Air and Space Museum
See more items in:
National Air and Space Museum Collection
Location:
National Air and Space Museum in Washington, DC
Exhibition:
Early Flight
Data Source:
National Air and Space Museum
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:nasm_A19120001000

Yearbook

Collection Creator:
Davis, Benjamin O., Jr., 1912-  Search this
Container:
Box 5, Folder 9
Type:
Archival materials
Date:
1942
Collection Restrictions:
No restrictions on access
Collection Rights:
Material is subject to Smithsonian Terms of Use. Should you wish to use NASM material in any medium, please submit an Application for Permission to Reproduce NASM Material, available at Permissions Requests.
Collection Citation:
Benjamin O. Davis, Jr. Collection, Acc. 1992.0023, National Air and Space Museum, Smithsonian Institution.
See more items in:
Benjamin O. Davis Jr. Collection
Archival Repository:
National Air and Space Museum Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-nasm-1992-0023-ref1810
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Events, 1908, Fort Myer (VA), Wright (Co) Type A Military Trials, Selfridge Crash. [photograph]

Photographer:
Claudy, C. H (Carl Harry) 1879-1957  Search this
Subject:
Squier, George O  Search this
Type:
Glass negatives
Date:
9/17/1908
Topic:
Aeronautics, Military  Search this
Aeronautics  Search this
Airplanes  Search this
Local number:
NASM-Claudy-7B
Restrictions & Rights:
Material is subject to Smithsonian Terms of Use. Should you wish to use Smithsonian National Air and Space Museum (NASM) material in any medium, please submit an Application for Permission to Reproduce NASM Material, available at http://airandspace.si.edu/permissions
See more items in:
Carl H. Claudy Photography Collection
Data Source:
National Air and Space Museum Archives
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_arc_365469

Events, 1908, Fort Myer (VA), Wright (Co) Type A Military Trials, Selfridge Crash. [photograph]

Photographer:
Claudy, C. H (Carl Harry) 1879-1957  Search this
Subject:
Selfridge, Thomas E  Search this
Type:
Glass negatives
Date:
9/17/1908
Topic:
Aeronautics, Military  Search this
Aeronautics  Search this
Local number:
NASM-95-8460
Restrictions & Rights:
Material is subject to Smithsonian Terms of Use. Should you wish to use Smithsonian National Air and Space Museum (NASM) material in any medium, please submit an Application for Permission to Reproduce NASM Material, available at http://airandspace.si.edu/permissions
See more items in:
Carl H. Claudy Photography Collection
Data Source:
National Air and Space Museum Archives
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_arc_364827

Events, 1909, Fort Myer (Va), Wright (Co) Type A Military (Signal Corps No. 1) Trials. [photograph]

Photographer:
Unknown  Search this
Type:
Photographs
Topic:
Aeronautics, Military  Search this
Aircraft  Search this
Airplanes  Search this
Biplanes  Search this
Local number:
NASM-00099289
Restrictions & Rights:
Images are subject to Smithsonian Institution, National Air and Space Museum, Copyright and Image Use Restrictions. Usage requires prior written permission. Should you wish to use NASM still images in any medium, please submit an Application for Permission to Reproduce NASM Photographs, available at NASM's Permissions webpage: www.nasm.si.edu/research/arch/permissions.cfm
See more items in:
Videodisc Imagery Collection
Data Source:
National Air and Space Museum Archives
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_arc_383434

Events, 1909, Fort Myer (Va), Wright (Co) Type A Military (Signal Corps No. 1) Trials. [photograph]

Photographer:
US Army Signal Corps  Search this
Type:
Photographs
Local number:
NASM-USAF-9661AC
Restrictions & Rights:
Images are subject to Smithsonian Institution, National Air and Space Museum, Copyright and Image Use Restrictions. Usage requires prior written permission. Should you wish to use NASM still images in any medium, please submit an Application for Permission to Reproduce NASM Photographs, available at NASM's Permissions webpage: www.nasm.si.edu/research/arch/permissions.cfm
See more items in:
United States Air Force Pre-1954 Still Photography Collection
Data Source:
National Air and Space Museum Archives
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_arc_384894

Events, 1909, Fort Myer (Va), Wright (Co) Type A Military (Signal Corps No. 1) Trials. [photograph]

Photographer:
Unknown  Search this
Type:
Photographs
Topic:
Aeronautics, Military  Search this
Aircraft  Search this
Airplanes  Search this
Biplanes  Search this
Local number:
NASM-00099288
Restrictions & Rights:
Images are subject to Smithsonian Institution, National Air and Space Museum, Copyright and Image Use Restrictions. Usage requires prior written permission. Should you wish to use NASM still images in any medium, please submit an Application for Permission to Reproduce NASM Photographs, available at NASM's Permissions webpage: www.nasm.si.edu/research/arch/permissions.cfm
See more items in:
Videodisc Imagery Collection
Data Source:
National Air and Space Museum Archives
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_arc_383433

Events, 1908, Fort Myer (VA), Wright (Co) Type A Military Trials; Claudy, Carl H., Jr.. [photograph]

Photographer:
Claudy, C. H (Carl Harry) 1879-1957  Search this
Subject:
Claudy, Carl H. Jr  Search this
Type:
Photographs
Topic:
Aeronautics, Military  Search this
Aeronautics  Search this
Airplanes  Search this
Local number:
NASM-100575
Restrictions & Rights:
Material is subject to Smithsonian Terms of Use. Should you wish to use Smithsonian National Air and Space Museum (NASM) material in any medium, please submit an Application for Permission to Reproduce NASM Material, available at http://airandspace.si.edu/permissions
See more items in:
Carl H. Claudy Photography Collection
Data Source:
National Air and Space Museum Archives
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_arc_364049

Events, 1909, Fort Myer (Va), Wright (Co) Type A Military (Signal Corps No. 1) Trials; Hare, James H. "Jimmy". [photograph]

Photographer:
Claudy, C. H (Carl Harry) 1879-1957  Search this
Subject:
Hare, James  Search this
Type:
Photographs
Topic:
Aeronautics, Military  Search this
Cameras  Search this
Aeronautics  Search this
Local number:
NASM-9A00232-X
Restrictions & Rights:
Material is subject to Smithsonian Terms of Use. Should you wish to use Smithsonian National Air and Space Museum (NASM) material in any medium, please submit an Application for Permission to Reproduce NASM Material, available at http://airandspace.si.edu/permissions
See more items in:
Carl H. Claudy Photography Collection
Data Source:
National Air and Space Museum Archives
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_arc_364861

Events, 1909, Fort Myer (Va), Wright (Co) Type A Military (Signal Corps No. 1) Trials; Hare, James H. "Jimmy". [photograph]

Photographer:
Claudy, C. H (Carl Harry) 1879-1957  Search this
Subject:
Hammer, William J  Search this
Hare, James H  Search this
Type:
Glass negatives
Topic:
Aeronautics, Military  Search this
Aeronautics  Search this
Local number:
NASM-95-8461
Restrictions & Rights:
Material is subject to Smithsonian Terms of Use. Should you wish to use Smithsonian National Air and Space Museum (NASM) material in any medium, please submit an Application for Permission to Reproduce NASM Material, available at http://airandspace.si.edu/permissions
See more items in:
Carl H. Claudy Photography Collection
Data Source:
National Air and Space Museum Archives
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_arc_364828

Events, 1909, Fort Myer (Va), Wright (Co) Type A Military (Signal Corps No. 1) Trials. [photograph]

Photographer:
Claudy, C. H (Carl Harry) 1879-1957  Search this
Subject:
Bernstorff, Johann Heinrich, Graf von  Search this
Squier, George O  Search this
Type:
Glass negatives
Topic:
Aeronautics, Military  Search this
Aeronautics  Search this
Airplanes  Search this
Local number:
NASM-95-8497
Restrictions & Rights:
Material is subject to Smithsonian Terms of Use. Should you wish to use Smithsonian National Air and Space Museum (NASM) material in any medium, please submit an Application for Permission to Reproduce NASM Material, available at http://airandspace.si.edu/permissions
See more items in:
Carl H. Claudy Photography Collection
Data Source:
National Air and Space Museum Archives
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_arc_364838

Wright (Brothers) Flight Logs

Creator:
Coffyn, Frank, 1878-1960  Search this
Names:
Brookins, Walter R.  Search this
Burgess, William Starling  Search this
Hoxsey, Arch  Search this
Parmalee, Phillip Orin  Search this
Prince, Norman, Sergeant  Search this
Taylor, Charles Edward, 1868-1956  Search this
Welsh, Arthur L. "Al"  Search this
Wright, Orville, 1871-1948  Search this
Wright, Wilbur, 1867-1912  Search this
Extent:
0.1 Cubic Feet (2 folders)
Type:
Archival materials
Collection descriptions
Logbooks
Date:
bulk 1910-1917
Summary:
This collection consists of a series of 68 "Field Reports" completed by Frank T. Coffyn logging flight activities of Wright (Brothers) aircraft, for the period from May 5, 1910, through February 24, 1911
Scope and Contents:
This collection consists of a series of 68 "Field Reports" completed by Frank T. Coffyn logging flight activities of Wright (Brothers) aircraft, for the period from May 5, 1910, through February 24, 1911. (One report is for March 26, 1917, and appears to list Coffyn's flights for that day.) The reports were completed on preprinted forms with columns for "Machine Number, Operator [pilot]," "Passenger," "Time of Flight," "Wind Direction," "Wind Velocity," "Length of Flight (Time and Distance)," and "Remarks." Spaces were also provided for Date, Gasoline Used, and Oil Used, and a signature. Fifty-six of the reports are signed by Frank Coffyn; the remaining sixteen appear to be in Coffyn's handwriting. Most are carbon copies. The reports cover flights made at Huffman Prairie, Ohio; Indianapolis, Indiana; Montreal, Canada; Atlantic City and Asbury Park, New Jersey; Hartford, Connecticut; and Augusta, Georgia. Besides Orville and Wilbur Wright, most of the pilots and passengers listed were students who became members of the Wright Exhibition Team. Pilots and passengers include: Griffith Brewer, Walter Brookins, William Starling Burgess, Frank Coffyn, Arch Hoxsey, Ralph Johnstone, Duval LaChapelle, Albert B. Lambert (President St. Louis Aero Club), Phillip O. Parmalee, Norman Prince, Frank H. Russell (first manager of the Wright Co.), Charlie Taylor, and Arthur L. "Al" Welsh [spelled by Coffyn throughout as "Welch"], and Lorin Wright. Most notable is the report of May 25, 1910, which lists the only flight Orville and Wilbur Wright made together, and the first and only flight taken by their father, Bishop Milton Wright. Remarks include notes on modifications and damage to the aircraft, reasons for takeoff failures, and (in some cases) altitude attained in flight. Additional notes on the earlier reports record total flight hours to date for several of the pilots.
Arrangement:
This collection is arranged at the item level; pages from log are displayed chronologically.
Biographical / Historical:
Wilbur Wright was born April 16, 1867, his brother Orville Wright on August 19, 1871. They, along with sister Katharine and brothers Reuchlin and Lorin, were raised near Millville, Indiana and in Dayton, Ohio by their mother, Susan Wright, and father, Milton Wright, bishop of the United Brethren Church. As young men, Wilbur and Orville launched a printing business and a bicycle shop. An interest in aeronautics, spurred by the accounts of the experiments of Otto Lilienthal, prompted Wilbur to request information on the subject from the Smithsonian Institution in 1899. In August of 1900, Wilbur built his first glider and that year and the next the brothers tested gliders at Kitty Hawk. The Wrights constructed a wind tunnel to gather accurate aeronautical data and, benefiting from this new information, another glider was built in 1902. In 1903, the brothers were ready to began construction of a powered craft. With the assistance of mechanic Charles Taylor, they added a 4-cylinder, 12-horsepower engine and propellers to the 1903 Flyer and it was sent to Kitty Hawk for testing. At 10:35 am, December 17, on Kill Devil Hill, Orville achieved a flight of 12 seconds--traveling a distance of 120 feet. By 1908 the Wrights were demonstrating their machines in Europe. The U.S. Army Signal Corps advertised for bids for a two-seat observation aircraft and in 1908 and 1909, the Wrights flew at official Army trials at Fort Myer, Virginia. (It was here that powered flight's first fatality occurred: the tragic death of Lieutenant Thomas Selfridge.) The Army was to purchase the Military Flyer (Signal Corps No. 1) for {dollar}30,000 in 1909. In that same year, The Wright Company was established to manufacture Wright aircraft. Wilbur died in Dayton, Ohio on May 30,1912. Orville Wright would live until January 30, 1948
Provenance:
Unknown, Unknown, Unknown, NASM.XXXX.0641
Restrictions:
No restrictions on access.
Rights:
Material is subject to Smithsonian Terms of Use. Should you wish to use NASM material in any medium, please submit an Application for Permission to Reproduce NASM Material, available at Permissions Requests.
Topic:
Aeronautics  Search this
Flight training  Search this
Genre/Form:
Logbooks
Citation:
Wright (Brothers) Flight Logs, NASM.XXXX.0641, National Air and Space Museum, Smithsonian Institution.
Identifier:
NASM.XXXX.0641
Archival Repository:
National Air and Space Museum Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-nasm-xxxx-0641
Additional Online Media:

Wright Brothers Medal Presentation Scrapbook

Creator:
Aero Club of America  Search this
Names:
Aero Club of America  Search this
Taft, William H. (William Howard), 1857-1930  Search this
Wright, Orville, 1871-1948  Search this
Wright, Wilbur, 1867-1912  Search this
Extent:
0.31 Cubic Feet ((1 flatbox))
Type:
Archival materials
Collection descriptions
Cartoons (humorous images)
Speeches
Clippings
Photographs
Scrapbooks
Date:
1909
Scope and Contents:
This scrapbook is one of three prepared by the Aero Club of America in honor of the presentation of the Aero Club of America medals to Orville and Wilber Wright by President William Howard Taft. The book consist of photos, editorials, articles, and cartoons published on 16 June 1909, the day of the presentation, and given to the club for inclusion in the book. Also included are several copies of speeches made at the presentation as well as letters from ten governors and 13 scientific bodies.
Biographical / Historical:
Wilbur Wright was born April 16, 1867, his brother Orville Wright on August 19, 1871. They, along with sister Katharine and brothers Reuchlin and Lorin, were raised near Millville, Indiana and in Dayton, Ohio by their mother, Susan Wright, and father, Milton Wright, bishop of the United Brethren Church. As young men, Wilbur and Orville launched a printing business and a bicycle shop. An interest in aeronautics, spurred by the accounts of the experiments of Otto Lilienthal, prompted Wilbur to request information on the subject from the Smithsonian Institution in 1899. In August of 1900, Wilbur built his first glider and that year and the next the brothers tested gliders at Kitty Hawk. The Wrights constructed a wind tunnel to gather accurate aeronautical data and, benefiting from this new information, another glider was built in 1902. In 1903, the brothers were ready to began construction of a powered craft. With the assistance of mechanic Charles Taylor, they added a 4-cylinder, 12-horsepower engine and propellers to the 1903 Flyer and it was sent to Kitty Hawk for testing. At 10:35 am, December 17, on Kill Devil Hill, Orville achieved a flight of 12 seconds--traveling a distance of 120 feet. By 1908 the Wrights were demonstrating their machines in Europe. The U.S. Army Signal Corps advertised for bids for a two-seat observation aircraft and in 1908 and 1909, the Wrights flew at official Army trials at Fort Myer, Virginia. (It was here that powered flight's first fatality occurred: the tragic death of Lieutenant Thomas Selfridge.) The Army was to purchase the Military Flyer (Signal Corps No. 1) for {dollar}30,000 in 1909. In that same year, The Wright Company was established to manufacture Wright aircraft. Wilbur died in Dayton, Ohio on May 30,1912. Orville Wright would live until January 30, 1948.
General:
NASMrev
Provenance:
Aero Club of America, Gift, 1915, XXXX-0324, unknown
Restrictions:
No restrictions on access
Rights:
Material is subject to Smithsonian Terms of Use. Should you wish to use NASM material in any medium, please submit an Application for Permission to Reproduce NASM Material, available at Permissions Requests
Topic:
Aero Club of America Medal  Search this
Aeronautics -- Awards  Search this
Aeronautics -- 1903-1916  Search this
Aeronautics  Search this
Genre/Form:
Cartoons (humorous images)
Speeches
Clippings
Photographs
Scrapbooks
Identifier:
NASM.XXXX.0324
Archival Repository:
National Air and Space Museum Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-nasm-xxxx-0324

Wright Brothers Collection

Names:
Coffyn, Frank, 1878-1960  Search this
Ford, Henry, 1863-1947  Search this
Jones, Ernest La Rue, 1883-1955  Search this
Peterkin, C. R.  Search this
See, James Waring, 1850-1920.  Search this
Upson, Ralph Hazlett, 1888-1968  Search this
Wright, Orville, 1871-1948  Search this
Wright, Wilbur, 1867-1912  Search this
Extent:
0.25 Cubic Feet (1 slim legal document box)
Type:
Archival materials
Collection descriptions
Correspondence
Sketches
Date:
1909-1945
Summary:
This collection consists mostly of correspondence between the Wright brothers and the following people: J.W. See; Ralph H. Upson; Henry Ford; Ernest Jones; Frank Coffyn; O.G. Simmons; C.R. Peterkin; Otto Mallery; Maynard; and Lester Gardner. Also included are sketches, an NAA letter signed by witnesses: Etheridge, Dough and Moore attesting to the 1903 flight, and the Wright Brothers' original bid for the military contract.
Scope and Contents:
This collection consists mostly of correspondence between the Wright brothers and the following people: J.W. See; Ralph H. Upson; Henry Ford; Ernest Jones; Frank Coffyn; O.G. Simmons; C.R. Peterkin; Otto Mallery; Maynard; and Lester Gardner. Also included are sketches, an NAA letter signed by witnesses: Etheridge, Dough and Moore attesting to the 1903 flight, and the Wright Brothers' original bid for the military contract.
Arrangement:
Correspondence is arranged by recipient, other materials are arranged by topic.
Biographical / Historical:
Wilbur Wright was born April 16, 1867, his brother Orville Wright on August 19, 1871. They, along with sister Katharine and brothers Reuchlin and Lorin, were raised near Millville, Indiana and in Dayton, Ohio by their mother, Susan Wright, and father, Milton Wright, bishop of the United Brethren Church. As young men, Wilbur and Orville launched a printing business and a bicycle shop. An interest in aeronautics, spurred by the accounts of the experiments of Otto Lilienthal, prompted Wilbur to request information on the subject from the Smithsonian Institution in 1899. In August of 1900, Wilbur built his first glider and that year and the next the brothers tested gliders at Kitty Hawk. The Wrights constructed a wind tunnel to gather accurate aeronautical data and, benefiting from this new information, another glider was built in 1902. In 1903, the brothers were ready to began construction of a powered craft. With the assistance of mechanic Charles Taylor, they added a 4-cylinder, 12-horsepower engine and propellers to the 1903 Flyer and it was sent to Kitty Hawk for testing. At 10:35 am, December 17, on Kill Devil Hill, Orville achieved a flight of 12 seconds--traveling a distance of 120 feet. By 1908 the Wrights were demonstrating their machines in Europe. The U.S. Army Signal Corps advertised for bids for a two-seat observation aircraft and in 1908 and 1909, the Wrights flew at official Army trials at Fort Myer, Virginia. (It was here that powered flight's first fatality occurred: the tragic death of Lieutenant Thomas Selfridge.) The Army was to purchase the Military Flyer (Signal Corps No. 1) for $30,000 in 1909. In that same year, The Wright Company was established to manufacture Wright aircraft. Wilbur died in Dayton, Ohio on May 30,1912. Orville Wright would live until January 30, 1948.
Provenance:
Various Donors, Gift, unknown, NASM.XXXX.0376
Restrictions:
No restrictions on access
Rights:
Material is subject to Smithsonian Terms of Use. Should you wish to use NASM material in any medium, please submit an Application for Permission to Reproduce NASM Material, available at Permissions Requests.
Topic:
Aeronautics  Search this
Airplanes  Search this
Aeronautics, Military  Search this
Aeronautics -- 1903-1916  Search this
Airplanes -- Design and construction  Search this
Genre/Form:
Correspondence
Sketches
Citation:
Wright Brothers Collection, NASM.XXXX.0376, National Air and Space Museum, Smithsonian Institution.
Identifier:
NASM.XXXX.0376
See more items in:
Wright Brothers Collection
Archival Repository:
National Air and Space Museum Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-nasm-xxxx-0376
Additional Online Media:

Orville Wright Early Flight Description Letters [Kahler]

Creator:
Kahler, Armin Adolphus  Search this
Names:
US Army Signal Corps  Search this
Wright, Orville  Search this
Extent:
0.05 Cubic Feet ((1 folder))
Type:
Archival materials
Collection descriptions
Correspondence
Date:
bulk 1908-1909
Scope and Contents:
This collection consists of four letters written by Armin Adolphus Kahler, an optical instrument maker residing in Washington, DC, during the time of these flights, to Lenore E. Sartor (later his wife) which include first-hand descriptions of flights made by Orville Wright in the time period of 1908-1909. One letter pertains to the endurance flights on September 9, 1908; one letter describes the 1909 Fort Myer Trials; and two letters mention the first cross country trip from Fort Myer to Alexandria on July 30, 1909, including an unsuccessful attempt made on July 29, 1909. Some of the letters note the presence of President William Howard Taft. The collection also contains a letter dated June 3, 1941 from then-Secretary of the Smithsonian Charles Greeley Abbot to Kahler regarding Kahler's birthday wishes to him and enclosing sermons (not included in the collection). Finally, the collection includes a black and white photograph (approximately 2.75 by 4.5 inches) of Kahler.
Biographical / Historical:
The Wright brothers inaugurated the aerial age with the world's first successful flights of a powered heavier-than-air flying machine. After building and testing three full-sized gliders, the Wrights' first powered airplane flew at Kitty Hawk, North Carolina, on December 17, 1903, making a 12-second flight, traveling 36 m (120 ft), with Orville piloting. The best flight of the day, with Wilbur at the controls, covered 255.6 m (852 ft) in 59 seconds. By 1908 the Wrights were demonstrating their machines in Europe. The U.S. Army Signal Corps advertised for bids for a two-seat observation aircraft and in September 1908 and June and July 1909, the Wrights flew at official Army trials at Fort Myer, Virginia. (It was here that powered flight's first fatality occurred: the tragic death of Lieutenant Thomas Selfridge.) A number of other demonstration flights were made, and records set, during this time period. On September 9, 1908, Orville Wright set three new endurance records at Fort Myer, two for flights with pilot only (57 minutes, 31 seconds and 62 minutes, 15 seconds respectively) and one for flight with passenger (6 minutes, 24 seconds with passenger Frank Purdy Lahm). The flight with Lahm was also probably the first night airplane flight. On July 30, 1909, Orville Wright made the first cross country trip from Fort Myer to Alexandria, Virginia and return with Benjamin Delahauf Foulois acting as passenger-observer. Armin Adolphus Kahler was an optical instrument maker residing in Washington, DC during the time of these flights.
Provenance:
Christina Van Fossan, Gift, 2015
Restrictions:
No restrictions on access.
Rights:
Material is subject to Smithsonian Terms of Use. Should you wish to use NASM material in any medium, please submit an Application for Permission to Reproduce NASM Material, available at Permissions Requests
Topic:
Aeronautics  Search this
Genre/Form:
Correspondence
Citation:
Orville Wright Early Flight Description Letters [Kahler], Accession 2015-0024, National Air and Space Museum, Smithsonian Institution.
Identifier:
NASM.2015.0024
Archival Repository:
National Air and Space Museum Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-nasm-2015-0024
Additional Online Media:

Wright Military Flyer Army Air Trials, Fort Myer, Virginia

Collection Creator:
Claudy, C. H. (Carl Harry), 1879-1957  Search this
Type:
Archival materials
Date:
1908-1909
Collection Restrictions:
No restrictions on access.
Collection Rights:
Material is subject to Smithsonian Terms of Use. Should you wish to use NASM material in any medium, Please submit an Application for Permission to Reproduce NASM Material, available at Permissions Requests.
Collection Citation:
Carl H. Claudy Photography Collection, Acc. XXXX-0549, National Air and Space Museum, Smithsonian Institution.
Identifier:
NASM.XXXX.0549, Series 2
See more items in:
Carl H. Claudy Photography collection
Archival Repository:
National Air and Space Museum Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-nasm-xxxx-0549-ref10

Orville and Wilbur Wright Memorabilia Collection

Names:
Hammer, William Joseph, 1858-1934  Search this
Peterkin, C. R.  Search this
Wright, Orville, 1871-1948  Search this
Wright, Wilbur, 1867-1912  Search this
Extent:
0.5 Cubic Feet ((1 box))
Type:
Archival materials
Collection descriptions
Ephemera
Photographs
Brochures
Correspondence
Date:
1906-1948
bulk 1907-1928
Scope and Contents:
The collection contains letters, telegrams, brochures, photographs and miscellaneous ephemera pertaining to Orville and Wilbur Wright. Included with the correspondence are letters written to William J. Hammer, who was an aeronautical pioneer and associated with the Wright Brothers, as well as other individuals including C. R. Peterkin. Additional items are, brochures from the Wilbur Wright Memorial, a brochure of the 25th Anniversary celebration of the first successful airplane flight, December 17, 1928, a sketch on an envelope by Wilbur Wright of a flight around the Statue of Liberty in 1909, a sympathy acknowledgment card for the Wrights' for Wilbur's death, and a photograph signed by Orville Wright. Also enclosed with the collection is a piece of wood from the Wright Brothers hangar at Kitty Hawk, presented by Orville Wright.
Biographical / Historical:
Wilbur Wright was born April 16, 1867, his brother Orville Wright on August 19, 1871. They, along with sister Katharine and brothers Reuchlin and Lorin, were raised near Millville, Indiana and in Dayton, Ohio by their mother, Susan Wright, and father, Milton Wright, bishop of the United Brethren Church. As young men, Wilbur and Orville launched a printing business and a bicycle shop. An interest in aeronautics, spurred by the accounts of the experiments of Otto Lilienthal, prompted Wilbur to request information on the subject from the Smithsonian Institution in 1899. In August of 1900, Wilbur built his first glider and that year and the next the brothers tested gliders at Kitty Hawk. The Wrights constructed a wind tunnel to gather accurate aeronautical data and, benefiting from this new information, another glider was built in 1902. In 1903, the brothers were ready to began construction of a powered craft. With the assistance of mechanic Charles Taylor, they added a 4-cylinder, 12-horsepower engine and propellers to the 1903 Flyer and it was sent to Kitty Hawk for testing. At 10:35 am, December 17, on Kill Devil Hill, Orville achieved a flight of 12 seconds--traveling a distance of 120 feet. By 1908 the Wrights were demonstrating their machines in Europe. The U.S. Army Signal Corps advertised for bids for a two-seat observation aircraft and in 1908 and 1909, the Wrights flew at official Army trials at Fort Myer, Virginia. (It was here that powered flight's first fatality occurred: the tragic death of Lieutenant Thomas Selfridge.) The Army was to purchase the Military Flyer (Signal Corps No. 1) for {dollar}30,000 in 1909. In that same year, The Wright Company was established to manufacture Wright aircraft. Wilbur died in Dayton, Ohio on May 30,1912. Orville Wright would live until January 30, 1948.
General:
NASMrev
Provenance:
Various Donors, Gift, unknown, XXXX-0079, unknown
Restrictions:
No restrictions on access
Rights:
Material is subject to Smithsonian Terms of Use. Should you wish to use NASM material in any medium, please submit an Application for Permission to Reproduce NASM Material, available at Permissions Requests
Topic:
Aeronautics -- Records  Search this
Aeronautics -- Awards  Search this
Aeronautics -- 1903-1916  Search this
Aeronautics  Search this
Works of art  Search this
Genre/Form:
Ephemera
Photographs
Brochures
Correspondence
Identifier:
NASM.XXXX.0079
Archival Repository:
National Air and Space Museum Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-nasm-xxxx-0079

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