George Catlin, born Wilkes-Barre, PA 1796-died Jersey City, NJ 1872
oil on canvas
21 3/4 x 16 3/4 in. (55.3 x 42.5 cm)
George Catlin described Seneca Steele as having a “hatchet in his hand.” The artist probably took this portrait in Washington, in February 1831. (Catlin, 1848 Catalogue, Catlin’s Indian Gallery, SAAM online exhibition)
Smithsonian American Art Museum, Gift of Mrs. Joseph Harrison, Jr.
Recorded in schedule of John Wesley Powell's Introduction to the Study of Indian Languages 1880. Includes terms added in ink by J.N.B. Hewitt, which are also in Manuscript Number 1618, Hewitt's copy of this vocabulary. Also includes terms for the parts of the body in an unidentified language and unidentified handwriting, written along side of the Seneca terms on pages 78-79. Filed with Manuscript 1618.
Manuscript 1765, National Anthropological Archives, Smithsonian Institution
Recorded in schedule of John Wesley Powell's Introduction to the Study of Indian Languages. Copy by J.N.B. Hewitt from Manuscript Number 1765, with some additional words added by Hewitt (e.g., cf. page 199 in the original and Hewitt's copy).
Manuscript 1618, National Anthropological Archives, Smithsonian Institution
Contents: 1. The Vampire (Published as "The Vampire Skeleton", 32nd A. R. page 458). 2 pages. 2. Seneca Witchcraft- 1 page. 3. Seneca Ghost Story 1/2 page. 4. Shagodyoweqgowa (False Faces), 1/2 page. 5. Medicine Men. 1 page. 6. Snake with two heads, 1 page. Published 32nd A. R. page 106. Shagodyoweqgowa. 1 page. See 32nd A. R., page 357. 8. A Seneca Witch Story. 1 page. 9. The Owl and the Two Sisters. 2 pages.
Manuscript 3955, National Anthropological Archives, Smithsonian Institution
Seneca vocabulary, grammatical notes, and the Lord's Prayer in Seneca 1880
Smith, Erminnie A Mrs
Hewitt, J. N. B (John Napoleon Brinton) 1859-1937
Iroquois Seneca grammar
Iroquois Seneca vocabulary
Iroquois Seneca Lord's Prayer
Recorded in Schedule of John Wesley Powell's Introduction to the Study of Indian Languages 1877 in J. N. B. Hewitt's handwriting. Last 12 pages are titled, "Grammatical Construction of the Seneca Dialect." The final page is the Lord's Prayer in Seneca with no English.
Manuscript 373, National Anthropological Archives, Smithsonian Institution
Case Open: 12 x 18.9 x 0.8 cm (4 3/4 x 7 7/16 x 5/16")
Case Closed: 12 x 9.4 x 1.6 cm (4 3/4 x 3 11/16 x 5/8")
Blacksnake: Native American\American Indian\Eastern Great Lakes\Eastern Woodlands\Iroquois\Seneca
Blacksnake, a Seneca/Six Nations chief, was one of the few Indian leaders who remained on the American side in the War of 1812, fighting in several battles on the Niagara frontier.
Although Seneca soldiers were honorably mustered out, the War of 1812 was a disaster for American Indians. They suffered major defeats at Horseshoe Bend and the loss of their most gifted leader, Tecumseh. The Treaty of Ghent promised them peace, "to restore . . . all . . . [their] possessions, rights, and privileges," but Britain’s abandonment of Indian allies after the war ended its ability to resist an expanding America.
National Portrait Gallery, Smithsonian Institution