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Seneca, 1700

Artists/Makers:
Oscar Howe (Mazuha Hokshina), Yanktonnai Nakota, 1915-1983
Object Name:
Painting
Media/Materials:
Paper, watercolor, ink
Techniques:
Painted
Dimensions:
30.1 x 45.2 cm
Culture/People:
Yanktonnai Nakota
Object Type:
Painting/Drawing/Print
Place:
South Dakota; USA
Date Created:
1948-1952
Catalog Number:
24/9006
Collection History:
Part of a series of paintings commissioned by Dr. Oscar Brousse Jacobson (1882-1966, artist, scholar, Native art patron, and director of the University of Oklahoma's School of Art from 1915 to 1954) for "North American Indian Costumes, 1564-1950," a book by Oscar B. Jacobson and Oscar Howe and published by Editions d'Art C. Szwedzicki. Nice, France, 1952. The original paintings were purchased by MAI from Dr. Jacobson before 1966.
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Modern and Contemporary Arts
Data Source:
National Museum of the American Indian
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Seneca Morphology and Dictionary

Author:
Chafe, Wallace L.
Object Type:
Smithsonian staff publication
Electronic document
Year:
1967
Citation:
Smithsonian Contributions to Anthropology, 4: 1-126.
Abstract:
This work is an extended description of the structure of words in the Seneca language. A description of the grammar of Seneca words has already been published in the International Journal of American Linguistics (Chafe, 1960, 1961 a). A major omission from that work, however, was a comprehensive list of the verb roots, noun roots, and particles of the language, with specification of their grammatical peculiarities and examples of their use. The present work is designed to fill that gap. Its chief purpose is to make available a Seneca dictionary, or lexicon. Since, however, the dictionary contains many references to paragraphs in the Seneca Morphology mentioned above, it was thought useful to republish that work as part of this volume. Republication seems all the more useful in view of the fact that the original Seneca Morphology is scattered through eight numbers of two different volumes of the journal. Minor revisions and corrections have been made, but extensive changes, however desirable they might have been, were out of the question because the references in the dictionary were already keyed to paragraph numbers in the original version, as were the references given in the Grammatical Commentary of Seneca Thanksgiving Rituals (Chafe, 1961 b).
Seneca is at present the native language of a few thousand persons, most of whom live on the Allegany, Cattaraugus, and Tonawanda Reservations in western New York State and on the Grand River Reserve in Ontario, Canada. There are few if any speakers now under 30 years of age. Seneca is historically important as the language of the Five (now Six) Nations of the Iroquois and as the language of Handsome Lake, the Iroquois prophet (Parker, 1913; for a history of the Seneca see Parker, 1926). Within the Iroquoian language family, Seneca is a member of the Northern Iroquoian subgroup, which includes also Cayuga, Onondaga, Oneida, Mohawk, and Tuscarora among the languages still spoken. Seneca is most closely related to Cayuga, but the two are different enough to be considered separate languages. The dialect differentiation within Seneca itself is minor. Earlier works on Seneca include several brief grammatical sketches (Voegelin and Preston, 1949, and Holmer, 1952, 1953, 1954) and texts (Hewitt, 1903, 1918). A list of still earlier sources is available in Pilling (1888).
The material on which this work is based was obtained during four summers of fieldwork, 1956-59, on the three New York reservations. It consists of an extensive corpus of Seneca words and texts, including formal speeches, legends, historical accounts, and conversations. I am deeply grateful for the assistance provided by numerous speakers of Seneca, above all by Solon Jones and Leroy Button of the Cattaraugus Reservation, Lena P. Snow, Tessie Snow, and Edward Curry of the Allegany Reservation, and Corbett Sundown and Betsy Carpenter of the Tonawanda Reservation. Appreciation is also due to William N. Fenton, Floyd G. Lounsbury, the Smithsonian Institution, Yale University, and especially to the New York State Museum and Science Service, under whose auspices the fieldwork was conducted. Both the Smithsonian Institution and the University of California provided support for the completion of the manuscript, and thanks are due to Karlena Glemser, Myra Rothenberg, and Aura Cuevas for their help in this regard.
The lexicon of a language is a vast terrain which no one could hope to explore fully during a few scattered field trips. Although grammatical analysis can perhaps lead to a point of diminishing returns after a reasonable period of investigation, I doubt that such a point has even been approached for the vocabularies of any languages except those few which have a long tradition of lexicography. Certainly the experience which I and others have had with American Indian languages refutes the ethnocentric myth that such languages are poor in their means of expression. What is given in the dictionary of this work is simply what I was able to obtain in a period that was totally inadequate for the purpose.
In making this lexical material available, I have had several possible uses of it in mind. I should say first that I have not intended that anyone should use it for learning to speak the Seneca language, although I would be very happy if someone were to find it helpful for that purpose. Above all I have wanted to provide data that can be used in comparative Iroquoian studies. Such work is stymied, as it is in most American Indian language families, by the absence of detailed lexical material. This is the first modern dictionary of any Iroquoian language, and I fervently hope that other and better ones will follow. Reconstruction, subgrouping, and the possible establishment of relationships outside the family cannot proceed without them. Second, the listing of roots with examples of their use will serve to elucidate the morphological patterns of the language beyond the few examples provided in the morphology, and to show something of the scope and frequency of constructions mentioned there. I regret the absence of syntactic examples; this compilation is a byproduct of a preoccupation with morphology. Examples of syntactic patterns as well as further morphological examples may be culled from my "Seneca Thanksgiving Rituals" and from Hewitt's texts. Finally, this material may prove useful in "language and culture" studies of various kinds.
Doi:
10.5479/si.00810223.4.1
Data source:
Smithsonian Libraries
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Polygala sp.

Min. Elevation:
28
Microhabitat Description:
Selva baja caducifolia. Pastoreo de ganado.
Biogeographical Region:
79 - Mexico Southwest
Collector:
Fernando Sánchez L.
Gabriela Pérez Báez
Kenia Velasco G.
Gibrán Morales C.
Pedro Trujillo V.
Place:
Oaxaca, Mexico, North America-Neotropics
Collection Date:
3 May 2014
Common name:
Seneca snakeroot
Seneca-snakeroot
Taxonomy:
Plantae Dicotyledonae Polygalales Polygalaceae
Published Name:
Polygala sp.
Specimen Count:
0
Notes:
MEXU
Guixi bandaga. 0.1 m. Guie' nagu. Huaxie'.
Record Last Modified:
21 Jul 2015
See more items in:
Flowering plants and ferns
La Ventosa Ethnobotany
Botany
Data Source:
NMNH - Botany Dept.
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The Fisherman at Seneca Creek

Artist:
Joe Shannon, American, b. Lares, Puerto Rico, 1933
Medium:
Oil on canvas
Dimensions:
60 1/8 X 58 1/8 IN. (153.0 X 147.7 CM.)
Type:
Painting
Date:
1986-1993
Credit Line:
Hirshhorn Museum and Sculpture Garden, Smithsonian Institution, Washington, DC, Gift of the Artist in Honor of the Smithsonian Institution's 150th Anniversary, 1996
Accession Number:
96.24
Exhibition History:
HIRSHHORN MUSEUM AND SCULPTURE GARDEN, Smithsonian Institution, Washington, DC. "The Hirshhorn Collects: Recent Acquisitions 1992-1996," 4 June-7 September 1997, cat.
AMERICAN UNIVERSITY MUSEUM, KATZEN ARTS CENTER, Washington, DC. "Joe Shannon: Realism Surrealism," 27 May-27 July 2008, ill. p. 23.
Published References:
SHAW-EAGLE, JOANNA. "'Recent Acquisitions' at the Hirshhorn Paints Broad Sweep," Washington Times (20 July 1997), p. D4.
See more items in:
Hirshhorn Museum and Sculpture Garden Collection
School:
Washington Regional
Data Source:
Hirshhorn Museum and Sculpture Garden
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Group of Chippewa, Klamath, Sioux, Nez Perce, and Seneca Indians 1902

Creator:
Gill, De Lancey W
Subject:
Denomis, Sam F
Kirk, Jesse Rev
Eastman, John
Kentuck, Joseph
Stuart, James
Armstrong, Charles D
Daly, William
Kennedy, Francis A
John, Andrew
Blue Sky, Albert
Anduski gi shy ?
Physical description:
1 8x10 in photograph
Culture:
Chippewa
Dakota Indians
Iroquois Seneca
Klamath Indians
Nez Percé Indians
Indians of North America Northeast
Ojibwa Indians
Seneca Indians
Indians of North America Great Plains
Indians of North America Plateau
Type:
Archival materials
Date:
1902
Local number:
NAA INV 10000973
OPPS NEG 2860 E
Summary:
Sam F. Denomis (Chippewa), Rev Jesse Kirk (Klamath), John Eastman (Sioux), Joseph Kentuck (Nez Perce), James Stuart (Nez Perce), Charles D. Armstrong (Chippewa), William Daly (Chippewa), Francis A. Kennedy (Seneca),Andrew John (Seneca), Albert Blue Sky (Seneca), Anduski gi shy (?) (Chippewa) - father of William Daly.
Cite as:
Negative 2860 E, National Anthropological Archives, Smithsonian Institution
See more items in:
Glass Negatives of Indians (Collected by the Bureau of American Ethnology) 1850s-1930s
Data Source:
National Anthropological Archives
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The Smithsonian Castle and the Seneca Quarry

Author:
Peck, Garrett
Subject:
Grant, Ulysses S (Ulysses Simpson) 1822-1885
Smithsonian Institution Building (Washington, D.C.)
Freedman's Savings and Trust Company
Edition:
First
Physical description:
Number of pages: 144; Page numbers: 1-160
Place:
Maryland
Seneca Quarry (Md.)
Date:
2013
Topic:
Quarries and quarrying
African Americans
Bankruptcy
Business failures
Publisher:
Charleston: The History Press
Category:
Smithsonian History Bibliography
Citation information:
Landmarks
Notes:
Includes 16 page color photo insert.
Summary:
British scientist James Smithson (1765-1829) left his estate to found the Smithsonian Institution, and his endowment was used to build the Smithsonian Institution Building or "Castle." The Castle's distinct red sandstone, Romanesque façade, contrasts against the cool marble that dominates the National Mall. The story of the red sandstone is a fascinating piece of history. The Seneca Quarry where the stone came from experienced boom-bust cycles as its first developer died, it filed for bankruptcy twice, suffered through floods, and contributed to a national scandal that embarrassed the Grant presidency and helped bring down the Freedman's Bank.
Contact information:
Institutional History Division, Smithsonian Institution Archives, 600 Maryland Avenue, SW, Washington, D.C. 20024-2520, SIHistory@si.edu
Data Source:
Smithsonian Archives - History Div
Visitor Tag(s):

Seneca, (sculpture)

Artist:
Unknown
Unknown (Antique artist) (copy after)
Subject:
Seneca
Medium:
Cast
Type:
Sculptures
Exhibition Catalogs
Date:
1876
Topic:
Portrait male
Occupation--Education--Orator
Control number:
AECI 04270017
Notes:
Appears in exhibition catalog as entry no. [not numbered]
The heads of Seneca and Hippocrates stand on each side of the door on entering; and together with the head of Euripides are interesting as portraits of great men. The Grecian bust of a female is considered as deserving attention. [P. 16; entries 04270017, 04270018, 04270019, and 04270020 collectively index this entry.]
Account of Statues, Busts, &c. in the Collection of the Academy of Arts. New-York: Printed at the Office of the Morning Chronicle. 1803.
Data Source:
Pre-1877 Art Exhibition Catalogue Index
Visitor Tag(s):

Seneca, (sculpture)

Artist:
Unknown
Subject:
Seneca
Type:
Sculptures
Exhibition Catalogs
Date:
1876
Topic:
Portrait male
Occupation--Education--Philosopher
Control number:
AECI 01820111
Notes:
Appears in exhibition catalog as entry no. [not numbered]
[Exhibited under heading: "Antique Saloon" and under the sub-heading: "Busts, &c."]
Exhibition at the Pennsylvania Academy of the Fine Arts, of Mr. Allston's Picture, of the Dead Man Restored to Life by touching the Bones of the Prophet Elisha. Together with many Valuable Paintings in addition to the Stationary Pictures of the Academy. May, 1816. Philadelphia: Printed by John Bioren, No. 88, Chestnut Street. 1816.
Data Source:
Pre-1877 Art Exhibition Catalogue Index
Visitor Tag(s):

Seneca, (graphics)

Artist:
Unknown
Rubens (copy after)
Subject:
Seneca
Medium:
Engraving
Type:
Graphic arts
Exhibition Catalogs
Date:
1876
Topic:
Portrait male
Occupation--Political
Control number:
AECI 03330353
Notes:
Appears in exhibition catalog as entry no. 115
Painted by Reubens. [P. 20.]
Catalogue of the Paintings, Marble and Plaster Statuary and Engravings comprised in the Collection of the Boston Museum and Gallery of Fine Arts, corner of Tremont and Bromfield Streets. Admission to Museum and Gallery 25 cts. Catalogues 6 1/4 cents. Boston: Printed by Henry F. Lewis, Minot's Building, Spring Lane, 1841.
Data Source:
Pre-1877 Art Exhibition Catalogue Index
Visitor Tag(s):

Seneca, (sculpture)

Artist:
Unknown
Unknown (Antique artist) (copy after)
Subject:
Seneca
Type:
Sculptures
Exhibition Catalogs
Date:
1876
Topic:
Portrait male--Bust
Occupation--Education--Philosopher
Control number:
AECI 06710024
Notes:
Appears in exhibition catalog as entry no. 29
"Marble, in the Louvre. This philosopher was born in Spain, and became preceptor of Nero, who put him to death in his sixty-fourth year." [P. 11.]
Catalogue of the Paintings, Statuary, Casts, Bronzes, &c. of the Corcoran Gallery of Art. Prepared by the Curator. Gibson Brothers, Printers.
Data Source:
Pre-1877 Art Exhibition Catalogue Index
Visitor Tag(s):

Seneca, (sculpture)

Artist:
Unknown
Subject:
Seneca
Type:
Sculptures
Exhibition Catalogs
Date:
1876
Topic:
Portrait male
Occupation--Writer
Control number:
AECI 01830243
Notes:
Appears in exhibition catalog as entry no. [not numbered]
[Exhibited under heading: "Antique Saloon" and under the sub-heading: "Busts, &c."]
Exhibition at the Pennsylvania Academy of the Fine Arts, Mr. C.B. Leslie's Picture, The Murder of Rutland; with a Series of originals and copies from his commencement in the Arts and also of Mr. Allston's Celebrated Pictures, of the Dead Man Restored to Life, by touching the Bones of the Prophet Elisha, and Donna Mencia, in the Robbers Cave--from Gil Blas. Together with many Valuable Paintings in addition to the Stationary Pictures of the Academy. October, 1816. Philadelphia: Printed by John Bioren, No. 33 Chestnut Street. 1816.
Data Source:
Pre-1877 Art Exhibition Catalogue Index
Visitor Tag(s):

Seneca, (graphics)

Artist:
Unknown
Rubens (copy after)
Subject:
Seneca
Medium:
Engraving
Type:
Graphic arts
Exhibition Catalogs
Date:
1876
Topic:
Portrait male
Occupation--Political--Statesman
Control number:
AECI 03370267
Notes:
Appears in exhibition catalog as entry no. 302
Painted by Reubens. [P. 21.]
Catalogue of the Paintings, Portraits, Marble and Plaster Statuary, Engravings & Water Color Drawings, in the Collection of the Boston Museum, Tremont, near Court Street, Boston, together with a Descriptive Sketch of the Institution, and General Summary of the Natural History Specimens, Curiosities, &c. Admission 25 cents. Children under 12 years of age, accompanied by an adult, 12 1-2 cents. Catalogues 6 1-4 cents. Boston: Stacy, Richardson, Filmer & Co., Printers, No. 142 1/2 Washington Street, Boston. 1847.
Data Source:
Pre-1877 Art Exhibition Catalogue Index
Visitor Tag(s):

Seneca

Place:
Kansas, United States, North America
Accession Number:
138742
USNM Number:
946
Specimen Count:
1
Record Last Modified:
7 Oct 2014
See more items in:
Meteorites
Meteorites
Polished Thin Section
Mineral Sciences
Data Source:
NMNH - Mineral Sciences Dept.
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Seneca

Weight, Current:
0.28g
Place:
Kansas, United States, North America
Accession Number:
138742
USNM Number:
946
Specimen Count:
1
Record Last Modified:
6 Oct 2014
See more items in:
Meteorites
Meteorites
Inventory
Mineral Sciences
Data Source:
NMNH - Mineral Sciences Dept.
Visitor Tag(s):

Seneca

Weight, Current:
263.67g
Place:
Kansas, United States, North America
Accession Number:
138742
USNM Number:
946
Specimen Count:
1
Record Last Modified:
7 Oct 2014
See more items in:
Meteorites
Meteorites
Inventory
Mineral Sciences
Data Source:
NMNH - Mineral Sciences Dept.
Visitor Tag(s):

Seneca storybook = Onodowa'ga' gagä: Shö'ö'h

Onodowa'ga' gagä: Shö'ö'h
Author:
University of the State of New York Bureau of Bilingual Education
United States Department of Education
Physical description:
vi, 43 p. : ill. ; 28 cm
Type:
Folklore
Date:
1986
[1986]
Topic:
Seneca mythology
Call number:
E99.S3 S48 1986
Notes:
"Adaptations of selected 'Seneca fiction, legends, and myths' originally compiled by Jeremiah Curtain and J.N.B. Hewitt"--P. iii.
"Spons agency Department of Education"--Doc. resume.
Distributed to depository libraries in microfiche.
"Grant G008301621"--Doc. resume.
"86-6978"--P. [4] of cover.
Contents:
The Story of the Owl People -- A Raccoon Story -- The Winter God -- The Race Between the Turtle and the Bear -- The Owl and the Two Sisters -- A Great Snake Battle -- The Forsaken Infant and the Wind -- The Great Bear -- The Turtle and His Forces on the Warpath -- The Porcupine's Grandson and the Bear -- Bald Eagle Sends Mud Turtle Around the World -- Thunder and the Seneca Warriors -- The Great Worm and Thunder -- The Fox and the Rabbit -- The Crawfish and the Raccoon
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
Visitor Tag(s):

Seneca Lake, (painting)

Artist:
Chapman
Type:
Paintings
Exhibition Catalogs
Date:
1876
Topic:
Landscape--Lake--Seneca Lake
Landscape--New York--Seneca
Control number:
AECI 02400135
Notes:
Appears in exhibition catalog as entry no. 135
14 x 20. A pleasing view of this lovely sheet of water. [P. 61.]
Catalogue of Premiums. The following large and valuable Collection of Paintings, Statuary, Bronzes, &c., comprises the premiums to be awarded to the subscribers of the Cosmopolitan Art Association whose subscriptions are received previous to the 28th of January, 1858, at which time the Annual Award will be made.
Data Source:
Pre-1877 Art Exhibition Catalogue Index
Visitor Tag(s):

Seneca Steele, (painting)

Artist:
Catlin, George
Subject:
Seneca Steele
Type:
Paintings
Exhibition Catalogs
Date:
1876
Topic:
Portrait male
Ethnic--Seneca
Control number:
AECI 04830225
Notes:
Appears in exhibition catalog as entry no. 236
Sen-e-ca. 236. Seneca Steele. [P. 18.]
Catalogue of Catlin's Indian Gallery of Portraits, Landscapes, Manners and Customs, Costumes, &c., &c., collected during seven years' travel amongst thirty-three different tribes, speaking different languages. New-York: Piercy & Reed, Printers, 7 Theatre Alley. 1837.
Data Source:
Pre-1877 Art Exhibition Catalogue Index
Visitor Tag(s):

Diuhsáwahgwah̄ gayádo̲shă̲h̄ / Gó̲wa̲há̲s Goyádo̲h̄ ; Sgăo̲yadih Do̲wắnandenyo̲

Author:
Wright, Asher 1803-1875
Dó̲wắnandenyo̲, Sgăó̲yadih
Engraver:
Bowen, Abel 1790-1850
Physical description:
42, [1] p. illus. 19 cm
Type:
Readers
Date:
1836
Topic:
Primers, Seneca
Seneca language
Call number:
PM2296.Z77 W94 1836
Notes:
Elementary reading book in the Seneca language, including a section with Seneca and English vocabulary equivalents.
Attributed to Asher Wright.
Front. engraved by Abel Bowen.
"Crocker & Brewster ... printers ... Boston" --Colophon on final p.
Pilling, J.C. Bib. of lang. of North American Indians, 4252
Checklist Amer. imprints, 42592
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
Visitor Tag(s):

The Seneca Nation of Indians

Author:
Seneca Nation of New York
Physical description:
1 folded sheet : ill., map ; 57 x 45 cm (folded to 29 x 23 cm)
Type:
Books
Place:
New York (State).)
Seneca Nation of New York
Date:
1970
1999
[between 1970 and 1999]
Call number:
E99.S3 S36 1970z
Notes:
Caption title.
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
Visitor Tag(s):

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