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Armchair

view Armchair digital asset number 1
Designer:
Elinor S. McGuire
Manufacturer:
McGuire co., American
Medium:
rattan with rawhide bindings, double caning, velvet upholstery
Type:
furniture
Decorative Arts
Armchair
Date:
1965
Catalogue Status:
Research in Progress
Description:
This double caned armchair was inspired by the classic French upholstered Bergére. The chair's legs taper inwards and are supported by a rounded front stretcher. Brownish-red velvet upholstery covers the seat. The caned seat back and sides are contigious with the crest rail and arm rests.
Accession Number:
1971-14-1-a,b
See more items in:
Cooper Hewitt, Smithsonian Design Museum Collection
Product Design and Decorative Arts Department
Data Source:
Cooper Hewitt, Smithsonian Design Museum
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:chndm_1971-14-1-a_b

Armchair, Rattan, Metal,

view Armchair, Rattan, Metal, digital asset number 1
Office of:
Donald Deskey, American, 1894–1989
Medium:
graphite, red color pencil Support: tracing paper
Type:
furniture
Drawing
Object Name:
Drawing
Place:
USA
Made in:
USA
Catalogue Status:
Research in Progress
Description:
Scale: 1" = 1'
Credit Line:
Gift of Donald Deskey
Accession Number:
1988-101-271
See more items in:
Cooper Hewitt, Smithsonian Design Museum Collection
Drawings, Prints, and Graphic Design Department
Data Source:
Cooper Hewitt, Smithsonian Design Museum
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:chndm_1988-101-271

Bamboo Steps Up

view Bamboo Steps Up digital asset number 1
Creator:
Smithsonian Magazine
Type:
Blog posts
Smithsonian staff publications
Blog posts
Published Date:
Fri, 21 Mar 2008 03:00:00 +0000
Blog Post Category:
Articles
Science
Our Planet
EcoCenter: Greener Living
Description:

When producer Lesley Chilcott accepted the Oscar in 2007 for best documentary, "An Inconvenient Truth," it was perhaps fitting that she was wearing a dress made from bamboo. Yes, bamboo.

"Bamboo is not what we in the United States have imagined it to be," says Jackie Heinricher, owner of Boo-Shoot Gardens, a nursery in Mount Vernon, 60 miles north of Seattle. In 1880 Thomas Edison may have used a carbonized bamboo filament in the first light bulb—still burning in the Smithsonian—but for years bamboo was denigrated as the "poor man's timber," relegated to cheap lawn furniture and chintzy restaurant décor.

Today, influenced by its availability, low cost, versatility and eco-friendly credentials, the Western world is taking a fresh look at bamboo. You might say that bamboo has had a career change. "It has become the material of choice for fashions, flooring, skateboards, bicycles and buildings."

Not bad accomplishments for grass. Because that's what bamboo is: giant grass, a member of the Poaceae family. With over 1,000 species, bamboo ranges from feathery ground covers to tall timbers over 100 feet. It has two root systems. Runners stretch exuberantly-- and make the home gardener crazy. Clumpers spread more slowly. It grows in temperate and tropical climates, and can be found at sea level and on mountaintops 13,000 feet high. Bamboo is self-sustaining. Its extensive root system sends up new shoots annually, so it doesn't need to be replanted.

Bamboo is also the fastest growing plant on the planet. (Giant kelp comes in second.) One waist-high bamboo plant grew 42 inches in 24 hours. So instead of taking centuries to mature, like hardwood trees, bamboo reaches a useful height in three to five years. Bamboo can also be harvested selectively and manually, without leaving denuded swathes of land behind. (Most of the exported bamboo comes from forests in China with India a distant second.)

Its short growth cycle and sustainability are why architects and environmentalists are looking at bamboo as a replacement for timber. "Bamboo has the same utility as hardwood," says Daniel Smith, president of San Francisco-based Smith & Fong Plyboo, producers of bamboo flooring, plywood and paneling, "and costs about the same as grade A red oak." Some are using bamboo for more than flooring. Colombian architect Simon Velez recently created the largest bamboo structure ever built: the Nomadic Museum in Mexico City.

Bamboo's environmental report card keeps getting A's. It can be grown without chemical pesticides and fertilizers. Its net-like root system prevents erosion on steep surfaces and makes a bamboo grove a safe haven in an earthquake. It can detoxify wastewater, thanks to its high nitrogen consumption. It sequesters four times as much carbon as hardwood trees, and generates up to 35 percent more oxygen.

A bamboo cargo bike made in Ghana by California bike builder Craig Calfee and Ghanaians. (Craig Calfee)

All these "green" qualities are causing people to jump on the bamboo bandwagon, but there are some caveats. While bamboo itself may be "green," many of the methods used to take the raw material from grove to marketplace are not. Cloth from bamboo is soft as silk and more absorbent than cotton, but the fibers are made in a rayon-like process that uses chemicals and solvents. Formaldehyde is used in the making of plywood. "People say they want bamboo flooring in their whole house," says Nancy Moore Bess, Arts & Crafts Coordinator of the American Bamboo Society and herself an artist who works with bamboo. "Not all bamboo floors are the same. Consumers should check that the product is made responsibly." And shipping the raw material from Asia to the U.S. adds to global warming.

"But we don't have to do that," says Boo-Shoots' Heinricher. "We could actually be farming it ourselves." Propagation from seed is not viable because bamboo flowers only once every 60 to 100 years. For eight years, Heinricher and her partner, Randy Burr, have been perfecting a method of tissue culture that produces reliable plants in large quantities. It takes about a month for the tiny sliver of bamboo placed in a nutrient soup to become dozens of plants. To date her clients have been nurseries but "we're getting some interest from Asia," she says.

Given that bamboo is native to every continent except Europe and Antarctica, groups like the International Network for Bamboo and Rattan (INBAR) are looking for ways to use bamboo to create sustainable economies on a local level. Californian bike-builder Craig Calfee has already started a project. Last year Calfee, with support from the Earth Institute at Columbia University, initiated the Bamboo Bike Project. In March he returned from a second visit to Ghana where he helped Ghanaians build the first fully functional bamboo bike made in Africa by Africans. The hope is that eventually villagers will be able to sell these bikes to each other and even to tourists. "People want some economic benefit from bamboo so they won't have to illegally cut bigger trees to sell to the lumber market, Calfee says. Villagers were also impressed with the strength of the bike: a rider was able to deliver two 110 pound bags of cement to a man building a house.

"Bamboo is the most egalitarian crop around," says Adam Turtle, co-owner of Tennessee-based Earth Advocates Research Farm. Asian cultures have incorporated bamboo into their daily lives for millennia. "Most traditional bamboo working communities have a huge range of bamboo products, from the knife to cut a baby's umbilical cord, to the stretcher that carries him when he passes on," says Rebecca Reubens, coordinator of INBAR's Global Marketing Initiative.

Will bamboo become such an integral part of Western culture? "Bamboo is not a trend; it is here to stay," says Plyboo's Smith. "It's going to continue to affect every aspect of a wide range of people's lives."

Topic:
0
See more post:
Smithsonian Article Database
Data Source:
Smithsonian Magazine
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:posts_ec5f13bdd71099b464b882b689420105

Business Records and Marketing Material

Series Creator:
Warshaw, Isadore, d. 1969
Container:
Box SUPP 14, Folder 8
Type:
Archival materials
Date:
1851-1952
Scope and Contents:
A couple of transactional receipts. Most material consists of trade cards, clipped advertisements, circulars, catalogues, price lists, and product brochures. Products and services for the home or office include mantels, chairs, cleaning solutions and oils and polishes, accessories such as carpeting and other accents pieces, bedding, rattan, upholstery, interior decorating, cabinets, desks, bureaus, tables, sofas, lounges, show case furnishings, beds, chamberettes, chests, service bars, stands.
Series Restrictions:
Collection is open for research. Some items may be restricted due to fragile condition.
Series Rights:
Collection items available for reproduction, but the Archives Center makes no guarantees concerning copyright restrictions. Other intellectual property rights may apply. Archives Center cost-recovery and use fees may apply when requesting reproductions.
Series Citation:
Warshaw Collection of Business Americana Subject Categories: Furniture and Furnishings, Archives Center, National Museum of American History, Smithsonian Institution
See more items in:
Warshaw Collection of Business Americana Subject Categories: Furniture and Furnishings
Archival Repository:
Archives Center, National Museum of American History
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-nmah-ac-0060-s01-01-furniture-ref16

CANE & WOOD SEAT CHAIRS: REED & RATTAN FURNITURE CATALOG NO. 6

Author:
HEYWOOD BROS. & WAKEFIELD CO
Type:
Books
Trade catalogs
Date:
1909
Notes:
Trade literature.
Topic:
Chairs
Call number:
002242
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_173530

Cane and raffia work / P.O. Nsugbe

Author:
Nsugbe, Philip O
Smithsonian Libraries African Art Index Project DSI
Type:
Articles
Place:
Nigeria
Ikot Ekpene
Date:
1962
Topic:
Ibibio raffiawork
Rattan furniture
Ibibio rattan furniture
Raffia work
Call number:
DT515.A1 N68
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_594244

Catalog of..

Author:
Deutsch, Inc
Type:
Books
Trade catalogs
Date:
1976
Notes:
Trade literature.
Topic:
Rattan furniture
Call number:
40611
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_300275

Catalogue and price-list of rattan and reed furniture manufactured by Wakefield Rattan Company

Title: Rattan and reed furniture manufactured by Wakefield Rattan Company
Author:
Wakefield Rattan Company
Subject:
Wakefield Rattan Company
Physical description:
64 p. : ill. ; 17 cm
Type:
Catalogs
Trade catalogs
Date:
190u
[190-?]
Notes:
Trade literature.
Cover title.
Topic:
Rattan furniture
Furniture
Chairs
Cribs (Children's furniture)
Call number:
052408
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_696170

Chair with Angle Rattan

Designer:
Alfons Bach, German, 1904–1999
Medium:
Graphite on cream tracing paper
Type:
furniture
Drawing
Object Name:
Drawing
Made in:
USA
Date:
1940s
Catalogue Status:
Research in Progress
Description:
Side chair with caning back and angled corners.
Credit Line:
Gift of Alfons and Anita S. Bach
Accession Number:
1998-71-80
See more items in:
Cooper Hewitt, Smithsonian Design Museum Collection
Drawings, Prints, and Graphic Design Department
Data Source:
Cooper Hewitt, Smithsonian Design Museum
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:chndm_1998-71-80

Chair with Rattan

view Chair with Rattan digital asset number 1
Designer:
Alfons Bach, German, 1904–1999
Medium:
Graphite on cream tracing paper
Type:
furniture
Drawing
Object Name:
Drawing
Made in:
USA
Date:
1940s
Catalogue Status:
Research in Progress
Description:
Side chair with cane back and straight legs.
Credit Line:
Gift of Alfons and Anita S. Bach
Accession Number:
1998-71-79
See more items in:
Cooper Hewitt, Smithsonian Design Museum Collection
Drawings, Prints, and Graphic Design Department
Data Source:
Cooper Hewitt, Smithsonian Design Museum
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:chndm_1998-71-79

Chair, Arm

view Chair, Arm digital asset number 1
Artist:
Unidentified
Medium:
wood and rattan
Type:
Decorative Arts-Furniture
Topic:
Object\furniture\chair
Credit Line:
Smithsonian American Art Museum, Gift of Miss Betty Beale
Object number:
1967.78.3
See more items in:
Smithsonian American Art Museum Collection
Data Source:
Smithsonian American Art Museum
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:saam_1967.78.3

Chairs (series), 1818-1900

view Chairs (series), 1818-1900 digital asset number 1
Collector:
Warshaw, Isadore d. 1969
Physical description:
.66 cubic feet (2 boxes)
Type:
Advertisements
Business cards
Catalogs
Circulars
Correspondence
Invoices
Patents
Postcards
Price lists
Receipts
Date:
1818
1900
1818-1900
Notes:
The Warshaw Collection items are available for reproduction, but the Archives Center makes no guarantees concerning copyright restrictions. Reproduction permission from Archives Center: fees for commercial use. All duplication requests must be approved by Archives Center staff.
Container list, folder level.
Organization:
Arranged alphabetically by company name
Summary:
Consists of materials from manufacturers and distributors of chairs produced in the United States, including rockers, ornamental chairs, lawn furniture, and chairs for schools, opera houses, assemblies, and churches. Many of the chairs are made of cane, wood, leather, tapestry or rattan. Materials include correspondence, invoices and receipts, postcards, illustrated catalogs, price lists, advertisements, images, patents and trademarks, circulars and business cards, circa 1818-1900.
Cite as:
Chairs series, Warshaw Collection of Business Americana, Archives Center, National Museum of American History, box ##, folder ###, digital file number ####
Repository Loc.:
Smithsonian Institution, National Museum of American History : Archives Center. P.O. Box 37012, MRC 601, Constitution Ave., between 12th and 14th Sts., N.W., Washington, D.C. 20013-7012. Call 202-633-3270 for appointment. Fax: 202-786-2453
Topic:
Chairs
Digital ID:
http://sirismm.si.edu/siris/blank.gif
See more items in:
Warshaw Collection of Business Americana ca. 1724-1977
Data Source:
Archives Center, National Museum of American History
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_arc_289377

Classic wicker furniture : the complete 1898-1899 illustrated catalog / Heywood Brothers and Wakefield Company

Author:
Heywood Brothers and Wakefield Company
Subject:
Heywood Brothers and Wakefield Company Catalogs
Physical description:
106 p. : all ill. ; 31 cm
Type:
Catalogs
Date:
1982
Notes:
Originally published: Reed & rattan furniture : Gardner?, Mass., Heywood Brothers and Wakefield Co., 1898-1899.
Topic:
Wicker furniture
Call number:
TS887 .H48 1982X
TS887.H48 1982X
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_152696

Craft traditions of the world : locally made, globally inspiring / Bryan and Polly Sentance

Author:
Sentance, Bryan
Sentance, Polly
Physical description:
240 p. : col. ill. ; 29 cm
Type:
Books
Date:
2009
Contents:
The sultan who became a weaver -- North America. Marine ivory ; Totem poles ; Horns, quills, and claws ; Shaker boxes ; Patchwork quilts ; Rustic furniture ; American folk art ; Plains bead appliqué ; Rawhide and buckskin ; Pueblo pottery ; Navajo pottery ; Coiled baskets in the Southwest ; Mexican painted ceramics ; Hojalata : tincraft -- Central and South America. Alfombras : Guatemalan flower carpets ; Molas : appliqué of the San Blas Islands ; Modelled foodstuff ; Filigree ; Gourd carving ; Appliqué pictures ; Knitted hats ; The backstrap loom ; Vegetable ivory ; Amazonian pottery ; Seeds, beans, and nuts ; Ponchos ; Shigras and mochilas --Europe. Painted furniture ; Frame baskets ; Birch-bark containers ; Irish lace ; The forge ; Working with stone ; Willow basketry ; Slip-trailed pottery ; Plasterwork ; Wooden toys and festive figures ; Blown glass ; Maiolica ; Glass beads ; Polish paper-cuts ; Painted Easter eggs ; Chip-carved spoons ; Khokhloma ware ; Embroidered costume -- Africa. Berber rugs ; Hands and crosses ; Tuareg leatherwork ; Fulani hats ; Calabashes ; Appliqué banners and flags ; Kente cloth ; Woodcarving ; Masks ; Indigo ; Hausa and Nupe embroidery ; Kuba raphia cloth ; Tutsi basketry ; Maasai beadwork ; Zulu beer pots ; Shona stone carving ; Recycled metal -- Asia. Inlay and marquetry ; Kilims ; Metal beating ; Persian carpets ; Weft wrapping ; The jewelry of Turkestan ; Felt ; Embroidery on the Silk Road ; Woodcarving in the Hindu Kush ; Papier mâché ; Tibetan tiger rugs ; Metal casting ; Lacquer ; Tied and stitched resist dyeing ; Ikat ; Rush shoes ; Stoneware pottery ; Mingei : Japanese folk art ; Painted and gilded wood ; Batik ; Bamboo and rattan baskets -- Australasia and Oceania. Aboriginal art ; Bilums : bags from New Guinea ; Shellwork ; Palm frond baskets ; Barkcloth ; Maori pendants ; Te whare runanga
Topic:
Handicraft
Handicraft--History
Call number:
TT15 .S46 2009
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_951160

Diary 40

view Diary 40 digital asset: Diary 40
Collection Creator:
Baekeland, L. H. (Leo Hendrik), 1863-1944
Container:
Box 21, Folder 1
Type:
Archival materials
Date:
1925 March 26-1925 May 12
Collection Restrictions:
Collection is open for research.
Collection Rights:
Collection items available for reproduction, but the Archives Center makes no guarantees concerning copyright restrictions. Other intellectual property rights may apply. Archives Center cost-recovery and use fees may apply when requesting reproductions.
Collection Citation:
Leo Baekeland Papers, Archives Center, National Museum of American History, Smithsonian Institution
See more items in:
Leo H. Baekeland Papers
Archival Repository:
Archives Center, National Museum of American History
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-nmah-ac-0005-ref329
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Fabrique de meubles en rotin

Title: Meubles en rotin
Author:
A. Denis (Firm)
Subject:
A. Denis (Firm)
Physical description:
11 p. : ill. ; 16 x 25 cm
Type:
Catalogs
Trade catalogs
Place:
France
Date:
1910
1919
[191-?]
Notes:
Trade literature.
Topic:
Rattan furniture
Wicker furniture
Call number:
051464
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_671712

Fijian, the bold new look in rattan

Author:
Deutsch, Inc
Type:
Books
Trade catalogs
Date:
Nd
Notes:
Trade literature.
Topic:
Rattan furniture
Call number:
40610
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_305525

Francis M. Mair Papers

view Francis M. Mair Papers digital asset: Finding aid
Donor:
Mair, LaVeda
Creator:
Mair, Francis M., 1916-1991 (commercial artist)
Names:
Landor Associates
United States. Naval Training School
Landor, Walter
Extent:
56 cubic feet (97 Boxes)
Type:
Archival materials
Collection descriptions
Place:
San Francisco (Calif.)
Date:
ca. 1938-1990.
Scope and Contents:
The collection consists largely of client files and artwork from Mair's years with Landor Associates and his freelance design work. Mair's specialty was the design of beverage containers, labels, and packaging, and there is a significant body of material produced for West Coast and national breweries and wineries. Mair also managed Landor's Museum of Packaging Antiquities, and there are several boxes of the Museum's administrative files. Of particular interest is Mair's large collection of historical and contemporary wine, liquor, and fruit crate labels (both foreign and domestic). The labels seem to have served as an inspiration and a record of his work, as well as documentation of historical packaging for the Museum. Mair's freelance clients were diverse, though most of them were small businesses and organizations in the San Francisco Bay Area. In addition to food and beverage labels, these commissions included posters, promotional materials, letterhead and personal announcements, invitations, and cards. Lastly, the collection includes personal artwork and records of entrepreneurial projects (such as the Flexigon, a flexible geometric toy).
Arrangement:
Divided into 8 series: (1) Biographical Documents; (2) Landor Associates Files, ca. 1949-1989; (3) Landor Museum of Packaging Antiquities; (4) Freelance Client Files, ca. 1950-1980; (5) Collection of Food and Beverage Labels; (6) U.S. Naval Training School, 1938; (7) Personal Artwork and Designs, ca. 1938-1985; (8) General Reference Files. Unarranged.
Biographical / Historical:
Artist and designer. B.F.A. in Painting, University of Illinois School Of Design in Chicago, 1938). Joined the Navy in 1938, designed visual aids for the Naval Training School in Chicago. Joined Landor Associates, San Francisco, 1949 and worked for 40 years, retiring in 1989. At Landor, he specialized in packaging and labeling beverages; also director of the Landor's Museum of Packaging History, which shared quarters with Landor Associates on the Ferryboat Klamath. Throughout his career, Mair took on diverse freelance projects, such as the Suva line of rattan furniture and decorative objects for Decorative Imports. Published articles in Advertising Age, Industrial Design, Advertising Techniques, and Wines and Vines. His personal artwork included alphabets, typefaces, and sketchbooks, and is often humorous or erotic.
Related Archival Materials:
A glass final production version of a French's mustard jar and three hand-carved, solid-wood prototypes for this jar are in the Museum's Division of Work and Industry. These were found in Mair's home studio.
Provenance:
Collection donated by LaVeda Mair, 1996, April 23.
Restrictions:
Collection is open for research.
Rights:
Copyright for a portion of the collection held by the Smithsonian Institution. Collection items available for reproduction, but the Archives Center makes no guarantees concerning copyright restrictions. Reproduction permission from Archives Center: fees for commercial use.
Topic:
Nudity
Wine labels
Erotica
Toys
Wit and humor
Wit and humor in advertising
Labels -- Crates -- Fruit
Labels -- Alcoholic beverages
Graphic design
Rattan furniture
Nudes
Design, Industrial
Packaging
Liquors -- advertising -- 1940-1990
Beverages -- advertising -- 1940-1990
Commercial art -- 1940-1990
advertising -- 20th century
Genre/Form:
Labels
Fruit crate labels
Beverage labels
Citation:
Francis M. Mair Papers, 1938-1990, Archives Center, National Museum of American History. Gift of LaVeda Mair.
Identifier:
NMAH.AC.0548
See more items in:
Francis M. Mair Papers
Archival Repository:
Archives Center, National Museum of American History
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-nmah-ac-0548

G.W.H. Frederick, Catalogue of Rattan, Reed, and Willow Ware

view G.W.H. Frederick, Catalogue of Rattan, Reed, and Willow Ware digital asset number 1
Physical description:
1 item
Type:
Advertising
Notes:
In Furniture series, Box 3, Folder Frederick, G.W.H.
Public domain; copyright expired.
Summary:
A furniture catalog, 36 pages of illustrations of rattan, reed, and willow furniture
Cite as:
Warshaw Collection of Business Americana, Archives Center, National Museum of American History
Repository Loc.:
Smithsonian Institution, National Museum of American History : Archives Center. P.O. Box 37012, Suite 1100, MRC 601, Constitution Ave., between 12th and 14th Sts., N.W., Washington, D.C. 20013-7012. Call 202-633-3270 for appointment. Fax: 202-786-2453
Topic:
Furniture
Local number:
AC0060-0001060.tif (AC Scan No. Cover)
AC0060-0001061.tif (AC Scan No. Page 26)
92-1991 (OPPS Neg. of pg. 26)
Data Source:
Archives Center, National Museum of American History
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_arc_231114
Additional Online Media:

Korbmöbel / Eva B. Ottilinger

Author:
Ottillinger, Eva
Physical description:
191 p. : ill. (some col.) ; 29 cm
Type:
Books
Date:
1990
C1990
Topic:
Wicker furniture
Bamboo furniture
Rattan furniture
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_432292

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