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Physeter catodon Linnaeus, 1758

Collector:
J. G. Mead
Ocean/Sea/Gulf:
North Atlantic Ocean
Preparation:
Skull
Partial Skull
Remarks:
Ear bone (bullae, periotics, incus, stapes)
Sex:
Female
Place:
Martha's Vineyard, Homer Pond, Dukes, Massachusetts, United States, North America, North Atlantic Ocean
Collection Date:
7 Aug 1973
Specimen Count:
1
Record Last Modified:
27 Jan 2016
Taxonomy:
Animalia Chordata Mammalia Cetacea Physeteridae
Published Name:
Physeter catodon Linnaeus, 1758
Other Numbers:
Whale Field Number 1 : JGM 057
SI Negative Number : JM 243:1-9
SI Negative Number : JM 243:10
SI Negative Number : JM 243:11
SI Negative Number : JM 243:12
SI Negative Number : CWP
SI Negative Number : LENNIHAN
SI Negative Number : JM 243
SI Negative Number : JM 251
USNM Number:
487416
See more items in:
Mammals
Vertebrate Zoology
Data Source:
NMNH - Vertebrate Zoology - Mammals Division

Additional Online Media:

Physeter catodon Linnaeus, 1758

Collector:
Charles W. Potter
Ocean/Sea/Gulf:
North Atlantic Ocean
Preparation:
Skull
Cast
Anatomical
Remarks:
stomach
Sex:
Female
Place:
Nags Head, South Nags Head, Near Milepost 18., Dare, North Carolina, United States, North America, North Atlantic Ocean
Collection Date:
4 Nov 1985
Specimen Count:
1
Record Last Modified:
27 Jan 2016
Taxonomy:
Animalia Chordata Mammalia Cetacea Physeteridae
Published Name:
Physeter catodon Linnaeus, 1758
Accession Number:
364890
Other Numbers:
Whale Field Number 1 : CWP 224
Other Number : MME01387
USNM Number:
550491
See more items in:
Mammals
Vertebrate Zoology
Data Source:
NMNH - Vertebrate Zoology - Mammals Division

Additional Online Media:

Physeter catodon Linnaeus, 1758

Collector:
Collector Unknown
Ocean/Sea/Gulf:
North Pacific Ocean
Sex:
Unknown
Place:
Acapulco, Bonfil Beach, Guerrero, Mexico, North America, North Pacific Ocean
Collection Date:
9 Mar 2016
Specimen Count:
1
Notes:
Beached 'Sea Monster' Just a Whale's Head Mar 12, 2016 10:41 AM ET // by Mindy Weisberger, LiveScience View Related Gallery » In a still frame from a video, an Acapulco official examines the strange mass that washed up on Bonfil Beach on March 9, 2016. A large, shapeless, gray mass that recently washed ashore on a Mexican beach had officials and observers alike scratching their heads over what in the world the thing could be. People guessed it might be a giant squid, a type of whale or perhaps some sort of unknown, monstrous creature. But according to a marine mammals expert, the jumbled and untidy pile of grayish skin and flesh is likely part of a sperm whale’s head. Representatives of the Protección Civil y Bomberos de Acapulco (Civil Protection and Firefighters Department in Acapulco) discovered the peculiar object on Bonfil Beach, and described it as measuring about 13 feet (4 meters) in length, according to a report by the Mexican news site 24 Hours. [Release the Kraken! Giant Squid Photos] Sabas de la Rosa Camacho, an official with the Acapulco department, told 24 Hours in a phone interview that the department received a notification about the strange object on the beach at 4 p.m. local time on March 9. He speculated that strong currents related to recent bad weather had brought it to shore. Video posted by department officials on Facebook show a uniformed man with a stick lifting the mass’s folds and poking at it in several places. While the mystery object was assumed to be the remains of a decomposing marine animal, de la Rosa Camacho noted that it did not have a strong or unpleasant smell. And though the investigation revealed bones within the heap, officials could not identify what type of animal it was, he said. Heading off rumors Though it’s tempting to assign a monstrous identity to this unfamiliar object, the most probable explanation is that it’s the top half of the head mass for a sperm whale, said James Mead, curator emeritus of marine mammals at the National Museum of Natural History in Washington, D.C. Greek 'Sea Monster' Identified In sperm whales, the roomy top part of the head is divided into two main regions, Mead told Live Science in an email. The top area is occupied by the spermaceti organ, a holding container for a waxy liquid that helps the whale with echolocation. In the bottom area is what’s known as “the junk,” which is mostly connective tissue. Mead explained that the flesh pile on the beach is probably a sperm whale’s junk and the top part of the head minus the spermaceti organ. “The junk has separated from the skull, and you can see about midway through the video the nasal plugs, which form the valve that closes the bony narial tube,” Mead said. He suggested that the length approximation for the mass, 13 feet (4 m), represented the junk stretched out. Its relaxed length would be about 10 feet (3 m), “which would mean that it had come from a sperm whale that was on the order of about 30 to 40 feet [9 to 12 meters] long,” he told Live Science. Original article on Live Science
Record Last Modified:
13 Apr 2016
Taxonomy:
Animalia Chordata Mammalia Cetacea Physeteridae
Published Name:
Physeter catodon Linnaeus, 1758
Other Numbers:
Whale Field Number 1 : No Number
USNM Number:
STR19516
See more items in:
Mammals
Vertebrate Zoology
Data Source:
NMNH - Vertebrate Zoology - Mammals Division

Additional Online Media:

Physeter catodon Linnaeus, 1758

Collector:
D. Webb
Ocean/Sea/Gulf:
North Atlantic Ocean
Preparation:
Photograph
Sex:
Unknown
Place:
Saint Augustine, Saint Johns, Florida, United States, North America, North Atlantic Ocean
Collection Date:
1 Dec 1896
Specimen Count:
1
Notes:
Verrill, A. E. (1897). "A gigantic cephalopod on the Florida coast." American Journal of Science, 4th series, 3:79.; Verrill, A. E. (1897). "The Florida sea-monster." Science, N.S. 5(116):476.; Verrill, A. E. (1897). "The Florida monster." Science, N.S. 5(114):392.; Verrill, A. E. (1897). "Additional information concerning the giant cephalopod of Florida." American Journal of Science, 4th series, 3(14):162-163. Lucas, F. A. (1897). "The Florida monster." Science, N.S. 5(116):476.; Wood, F. G. (1971). "An octopus trilogy. Part 1: Stupefying colossus of the deep." Natural History 80(3):14-16, 18, 20-24.; Wood, F. G. (1971). "An octopus trilogy - Part 3: In which Bahamian fishermen recount their adventures with the beast." Natural History, 80(3):84,86, 87.; Gennaro, J. F. (1971). "An octopus trilogy - Part 2: the creature revealed." Natural History, 80(3):24, 84.; Bright, M. (1985). "The big blob - or - what grabbed the crab traps?" BBC Wildlife, 3(9):430-433.; Pierce, S. K., G. N. J. Smith, et al. (1995). "On the giant octopus (Octopus giganteus) and the Bermuda Blob: Homage to A. E. Verrill." Biological Bulletin 188:219-230.
Record Last Modified:
15 Apr 2016
Taxonomy:
Animalia Animalia Animalia Chordata Chordata Mollusca Mammalia Mammalia Cephalopoda Cetacea Cetacea Octopodida Physeteridae Physeteridae Octopodidae
Published Name:
Physeter catodon Linnaeus, 1758
Physeter catodon giganteus
Octopus giganteus Verrill, 1897
Other Numbers:
Whale Field Number 1 : No Number
USNM Number:
STR10656
See more items in:
Mammals
Vertebrate Zoology
Data Source:
NMNH - Vertebrate Zoology - Mammals Division

Additional Online Media:

Physeter catodon

Author:
Thompson, T
Type:
Citations
Date:
1829
Notes:
Original figure of specime stranded on Holderness coast in 1825; its skeleton is reported to be in the possession of Sir Clifford Constable and was later described by Beale (Nat. Hist. Sperm Whale, 1839, q.v.).
Topic:
Stranding ?? Stranding forms
Sperm Whale
Distribution
Morphology--External morphology
External morphology--External illustration
External illustration
Taxonomy:
Cetacea--Odontocetes--Physeteridae--Physeter--catodon
Data Source:
Marine Mammals Bibliography

A stranded sperm whale, Physeter catodon, at Cayo Santiago, Puerto Rico

Author:
Mignucci Giannoni, A. A
Type:
Citations
Date:
1988
Topic:
Sperm Whale
Stranding ?? Stranding forms
Distribution
Taxonomy:
Cetacea--Odontocetes--Physeteridae--Physeter--catodon
Data Source:
Marine Mammals Bibliography

Desarrollo morfologico del feto de cachalote, Physeter catodon L

Author:
Paliza, O
Type:
Citations
Date:
1964
Notes:
Kellogg Library. Deals with external characters only. English summary.
Topic:
Sperm Whale
Morphology--External morphology
External morphology--External morphometrics
External morphometrics
Reproductions
Taxonomy:
Cetacea--Odontocetes--Physeteridae--Physeter--catodon
Data Source:
Marine Mammals Bibliography

Physeter catodon Linnaeus, 1758

Collector:
Collector Unknown
Ocean/Sea/Gulf:
North Pacific Ocean
Sex:
Male
Place:
Samoa, California, United States, North America, North Pacific Ocean
Collection Date:
30 Sep 1976
Specimen Count:
1
Notes:
Smeenk, C. (1997). "Strandings of sperm whales Physeter macrocephalus in the North Sea: history and patterns." Bulletin de L'institut Royal des Sciences Naturelles de Belgique, Biologie 67(Suppl.): 15-28.
Record Last Modified:
1 Dec 2015
Taxonomy:
Animalia Chordata Mammalia Cetacea Physeteridae
Published Name:
Physeter catodon Linnaeus, 1758
Other Numbers:
Whale Field Number 1 : No Number
USNM Number:
SEAN1202
See more items in:
Mammals
Vertebrate Zoology
Data Source:
NMNH - Vertebrate Zoology - Mammals Division

Physeter catodon Linnaeus, 1758

Collector:
Collector Unknown
Ocean/Sea/Gulf:
North Pacific Ocean, Gulf Of California
Sex:
Unknown
Place:
Huatabampito, Sonora, Mexico, North America, North Pacific Ocean
Collection Date:
1 Sep 1973
Specimen Count:
1
Notes:
Smeenk, C. (1997). "Strandings of sperm whales Physeter macrocephalus in the North Sea: history and patterns." Bulletin de L'institut Royal des Sciences Naturelles de Belgique, Biologie 67(Suppl.): 15-28.
Record Last Modified:
1 Dec 2015
Taxonomy:
Animalia Chordata Mammalia Cetacea Physeteridae
Published Name:
Physeter catodon Linnaeus, 1758
Other Numbers:
Whale Field Number 1 : No Number
USNM Number:
STR7014
See more items in:
Mammals
Vertebrate Zoology
Data Source:
NMNH - Vertebrate Zoology - Mammals Division

Physeter catodon Linnaeus, 1758

Collector:
Collector Unknown
Ocean/Sea/Gulf:
North Atlantic Ocean, North Sea
Preparation:
Photograph
Sex:
Male
Place:
Rotterdam, Near Rotterdam., Zuid-Holland, Netherlands, Europe, North Atlantic Ocean
Collection Date:
Jul 1937
Specimen Count:
1
Notes:
Smeenk, C. (1997). "Strandings of sperm whales Physeter macrocephalus in the North Sea: history and patterns." Bulletin de L'institut Royal des Sciences Naturelles de Belgique, Biologie 67(Suppl.): 15-28.
Record Last Modified:
1 Dec 2015
Taxonomy:
Animalia Chordata Mammalia Cetacea Physeteridae
Published Name:
Physeter catodon Linnaeus, 1758
Other Numbers:
Whale Field Number 1 : No Number
USNM Number:
STR10499
See more items in:
Mammals
Vertebrate Zoology
Data Source:
NMNH - Vertebrate Zoology - Mammals Division

Physeter catodon Linnaeus, 1758

Collector:
F. D. Robson
Ocean/Sea/Gulf:
South Pacific Ocean
Sex:
Unknown
Place:
Okitu Beach, 3 Mi E Of Gisborne, Auckland, New Zealand, Australia, South Pacific Ocean
Collection Date:
18 Mar 1970
Specimen Count:
1
Notes:
Smeenk, C. (1997). "Strandings of sperm whales Physeter macrocephalus in the North Sea: history and patterns." Bulletin de L'institut Royal des Sciences Naturelles de Belgique, Biologie 67(Suppl.): 15-28.
Record Last Modified:
1 Dec 2015
Taxonomy:
Animalia Chordata Mammalia Cetacea Physeteridae
Published Name:
Physeter catodon Linnaeus, 1758
Other Numbers:
Whale Field Number 1 : No Number
USNM Number:
STR2705
See more items in:
Mammals
Vertebrate Zoology
Data Source:
NMNH - Vertebrate Zoology - Mammals Division

Physeter catodon Linnaeus, 1758

Collector:
Collector Unknown
Ocean/Sea/Gulf:
North Atlantic Ocean, North Sea
Sex:
Unknown
Place:
Nieuwpoort, Belgium, Europe, North Atlantic Ocean
Collection Date:
18 Nov 1994
Specimen Count:
1
Notes:
Smeenk, C. (1997). "Strandings of sperm whales Physeter macrocephalus in the North Sea: history and patterns." Bulletin de L'institut Royal des Sciences Naturelles de Belgique, Biologie 67(Suppl.): 15-28.
Record Last Modified:
1 Dec 2015
Taxonomy:
Animalia Chordata Mammalia Cetacea Physeteridae
Published Name:
Physeter catodon Linnaeus, 1758
Other Numbers:
Whale Field Number 1 : No Number
Other Number : STR10605
USNM Number:
STR10607
See more items in:
Mammals
Vertebrate Zoology
Data Source:
NMNH - Vertebrate Zoology - Mammals Division

Physeter catodon Linnaeus, 1758

Collector:
Kenneth C. Balcomb
Ocean/Sea/Gulf:
North Pacific Ocean, Gulf Of California
Sex:
Unknown
Place:
Huatabampito, Near Sonora, Sonora, Mexico, North America, North Pacific Ocean
Collection Date:
1 Sep 1973
Specimen Count:
1
Notes:
Smeenk, C. (1997). "Strandings of sperm whales Physeter macrocephalus in the North Sea: history and patterns." Bulletin de L'institut Royal des Sciences Naturelles de Belgique, Biologie 67(Suppl.): 15-28.
Record Last Modified:
1 Dec 2015
Taxonomy:
Animalia Chordata Mammalia Cetacea Physeteridae
Published Name:
Physeter catodon Linnaeus, 1758
Other Numbers:
Whale Field Number 1 : No Number
USNM Number:
STR2650
See more items in:
Mammals
Vertebrate Zoology
Data Source:
NMNH - Vertebrate Zoology - Mammals Division

Physeter catodon Linnaeus, 1758

Collector:
Collector Unknown
Ocean/Sea/Gulf:
Indian Ocean
Sex:
Male
Place:
Flinders Island, Fotheringate Bay, Tasmania, Australia, Australia, Indian Ocean
Collection Date:
25 Sep 1981
Specimen Count:
1
Notes:
Smeenk, C. (1997). "Strandings of sperm whales Physeter macrocephalus in the North Sea: history and patterns." Bulletin de L'institut Royal des Sciences Naturelles de Belgique, Biologie 67(Suppl.): 15-28.
Record Last Modified:
1 Dec 2015
Taxonomy:
Animalia Chordata Mammalia Cetacea Physeteridae
Published Name:
Physeter catodon Linnaeus, 1758
Other Numbers:
Whale Field Number 1 : No Number
USNM Number:
STR4132
See more items in:
Mammals
Vertebrate Zoology
Data Source:
NMNH - Vertebrate Zoology - Mammals Division

Physeter catodon Linnaeus, 1758

Collector:
Collector Unknown
Ocean/Sea/Gulf:
North Atlantic Ocean, North Sea
Sex:
Unknown
Place:
Koksijde, West-Vlaanderen, Belgium, Europe, North Atlantic Ocean
Collection Date:
18 Nov 1994
Specimen Count:
1
Notes:
Smeenk, C. (1997). "Strandings of sperm whales Physeter macrocephalus in the North Sea: history and patterns." Bulletin de L'institut Royal des Sciences Naturelles de Belgique, Biologie 67(Suppl.): 15-28.
Record Last Modified:
1 Dec 2015
Taxonomy:
Animalia Chordata Mammalia Cetacea Physeteridae
Published Name:
Physeter catodon Linnaeus, 1758
Other Numbers:
Whale Field Number 1 : No Number
Other Number : STR10607
USNM Number:
STR10605
See more items in:
Mammals
Vertebrate Zoology
Data Source:
NMNH - Vertebrate Zoology - Mammals Division

Physeter catodon Linnaeus, 1758

Collector:
Collector Unknown
Ocean/Sea/Gulf:
Indian Ocean
Sex:
Female
Place:
Stanley, Near Cable Point, Tasmania, Australia, Australia, Indian Ocean
Collection Date:
9 Feb 1982
Specimen Count:
1
Notes:
Smeenk, C. (1997). "Strandings of sperm whales Physeter macrocephalus in the North Sea: history and patterns." Bulletin de L'institut Royal des Sciences Naturelles de Belgique, Biologie 67(Suppl.): 15-28.
Record Last Modified:
1 Dec 2015
Taxonomy:
Animalia Chordata Mammalia Cetacea Physeteridae
Published Name:
Physeter catodon Linnaeus, 1758
Other Numbers:
Whale Field Number 1 : No Number
USNM Number:
STR4140
See more items in:
Mammals
Vertebrate Zoology
Data Source:
NMNH - Vertebrate Zoology - Mammals Division

Physeter catodon Linnaeus, 1758

Collector:
Collector Unknown
Ocean/Sea/Gulf:
North Atlantic, North Sea
Sex:
Male
Place:
Wester Schelde, Netherlands, Europe, North Atlantic
Collection Date:
23 Feb 1937
Specimen Count:
1
Notes:
Smeenk, C. (1997). "Strandings of sperm whales Physeter macrocephalus in the North Sea: history and patterns." Bulletin de L'institut Royal des Sciences Naturelles de Belgique, Biologie 67(Suppl.): 15-28.
Record Last Modified:
1 Dec 2015
Taxonomy:
Animalia Chordata Mammalia Cetacea Physeteridae
Published Name:
Physeter catodon Linnaeus, 1758
Other Numbers:
Whale Field Number 1 : No number
USNM Number:
STR18431
See more items in:
Mammals
Vertebrate Zoology
Data Source:
NMNH - Vertebrate Zoology - Mammals Division

Physeter catodon Linnaeus, 1758

Collector:
Collector Unknown
Ocean/Sea/Gulf:
Indian Ocean, Bass Strait
Sex:
Unknown
Place:
Perkins Island, Tasmania, Australia, Australia, Indian Ocean
Collection Date:
Feb 1911
Specimen Count:
1
Notes:
Smeenk, C. (1997). "Strandings of sperm whales Physeter macrocephalus in the North Sea: history and patterns." Bulletin de L'institut Royal des Sciences Naturelles de Belgique, Biologie 67(Suppl.): 15-28.
Smeenk gives date as March 11, 1911.
Record Last Modified:
1 Dec 2015
Taxonomy:
Animalia Chordata Mammalia Cetacea Physeteridae
Published Name:
Physeter catodon Linnaeus, 1758
Other Numbers:
Whale Field Number 1 : No Number
Other Number : STR04693
USNM Number:
STR2696
See more items in:
Mammals
Vertebrate Zoology
Data Source:
NMNH - Vertebrate Zoology - Mammals Division

Physeter catodon Linnaeus, 1758

Collector:
Collector Unknown
Ocean/Sea/Gulf:
Indian Ocean, Bass Strait
Sex:
Male
Place:
Stanley, Tasmania, Australia, Australia, Indian Ocean
Collection Date:
8 Mar 1936
Specimen Count:
1
Notes:
Smeenk, C. (1997). "Strandings of sperm whales Physeter macrocephalus in the North Sea: history and patterns." Bulletin de L'institut Royal des Sciences Naturelles de Belgique, Biologie 67(Suppl.): 15-28.
Record Last Modified:
1 Dec 2015
Taxonomy:
Animalia Chordata Mammalia Cetacea Physeteridae
Published Name:
Physeter catodon Linnaeus, 1758
Other Numbers:
Whale Field Number 1 : No Number
USNM Number:
STR5832
See more items in:
Mammals
Vertebrate Zoology
Data Source:
NMNH - Vertebrate Zoology - Mammals Division

Physeter catodon Linnaeus, 1758

Collector:
Collector Unknown
Ocean/Sea/Gulf:
North Atlantic, North Sea
Sex:
Male
Place:
Wester Schelde, Netherlands, Europe, North Atlantic
Collection Date:
23 Feb 1937
Specimen Count:
1
Notes:
Smeenk, C. (1997). "Strandings of sperm whales Physeter macrocephalus in the North Sea: history and patterns." Bulletin de L'institut Royal des Sciences Naturelles de Belgique, Biologie 67(Suppl.): 15-28.
Record Last Modified:
1 Dec 2015
Taxonomy:
Animalia Chordata Mammalia Cetacea Physeteridae
Published Name:
Physeter catodon Linnaeus, 1758
Other Numbers:
Whale Field Number 1 : No number
USNM Number:
STR18430
See more items in:
Mammals
Vertebrate Zoology
Data Source:
NMNH - Vertebrate Zoology - Mammals Division

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