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Visitors looking at Project Mercury Capsule, National Air Museum

view Visitors looking at Project Mercury Capsule, National Air Museum digital asset number 1
Author:
Unknown
Subject:
National Air Museum (U.S.)
National Air and Space Museum
McDonnell Aircraft Company
Project Mercury (U.S.)
South Yard
Physical description:
Color: Black and White; Size: 8w x 10h; Type of Image: Exhibit; Medium: Photographic print
Type:
Photographic print
Exhibit
Date:
1961
Category:
Historic Images of the Smithsonian
Notes:
Original negative number is 47800, but that negative has been lost.
Summary:
Two young visitors looking at a model of the Mercury Capsule on display in the National Air Museum, now the National Air and Space Museum. The model was given to the Museum on March 29, 1961 because of the great public interest in the Mercury Space Program. The 1/3 scale model of the Mercury Capsule is completely equipped with escape tower, retro-rockets, interior fittings, and a model of an astronaut. The display was built and given to the Museum by the McDonnell Aircraft Corporation of St. Louis, the prime contractors for the capsules for the Mercury Project.
Contained within:
Smithsonian Institution Archives Record Unit 95 Box 41 Folder 22
Contact information:
Institutional History Division, Smithsonian Institution Archives, 600 Maryland Avenue, S.W., Washington, D.C. 20024-2520, SIHistory@si.edu
Topic:
Mercury Capsule
Models and modelmaking
Space vehicles
Museum visitors
Exhibitions
Quonset Hut
Children
Standard number:
2002-12191
Restrictions:
No restrictions
Data Source:
Smithsonian Archives - History Div

Bracelet, Charm, Project Mercury

view Bracelet, Charm, Project Mercury digital asset number 1
Manufacturer:
James David
Materials:
Gold
Silver
Steel
Silver Plating
Dimensions:
3-D: 19.8 × 2.7 × 0.6cm (7 13/16 × 1 1/16 × 1/4 in.)
Storage: 25.4 × 7.6 × 2.5cm (10 × 3 × 1 in.)
Type:
MEMORABILIA-Events
Country of Origin:
United States of America
Summary:
This bracelet has four charms commemorating Project Mercury, America's first human spaceflight program. The charms are the Project Mercury symbol, the Friendship 7 insignia (designed for John Glenn's orbital flight in February 1962), the Aurora 7 insignia (for Scott Carpenter's orbital flight in May 1962), and the Sigma 7 insignia (for Walter Schirra's orbital flight in October 1962). These were the third, fourth, and fifth of six total flights in the program.
The bracelet's designer and owner, Cece Bibby, worked with the original NASA Mercury astronauts to design the insignia for each of their flights. She also painted the symbols on the Mercury spacecraft before their missions. Bibby designed this bracelet as a memento of that work. She donated the bracelet to the Museum in 2002.
Credit Line:
Gift of Cece Bibby.
Inventory Number:
A20030001000
Rights:
Do not reproduce without permission from the Smithsonian Institution, National Air and Space Museum
See more items in:
National Air and Space Museum Collection
Data Source:
National Air and Space Museum
Additional Online Media:

Photograph, Project Mercury Astronauts

view Photograph, Project Mercury Astronauts digital asset: Photo of Captain Grisson, Commander Shepard, and Lt. Col. John Glen by Richard Avedon
Maker:
Avedon, Richard
Physical Description:
paper (overall material)
Measurements:
overall: 71 cm x 71 cm; 27 15/16 in x 27 15/16 in
Object Name:
photograph
Date made:
1961
Description:
Gus Grissom, Alan Shepard, and John Glenn were three of the astronauts involved in the United States' first man-in-space program to successfully orbit a manned spacecraft around the earth.
Location:
Currently not on view
Subject:
Photography
ID Number:
PG*67.102.051
Catalog number:
67.102.51
Accession number:
270571
See more items in:
Culture and the Arts: Photographic History
Data Source:
National Museum of American History, Kenneth E. Behring Center

Mercury MA-6 Flight "Friendship 7", Databook (Flight Maps) (NASM Artifact); Glenn, John H., Jr.. [photograph]

view Mercury MA-6 Flight "Friendship 7", Databook (Flight Maps) (NASM Artifact); Glenn, John H., Jr.. [photograph] digital asset number 1
Photographer:
Unknown
Type:
Photographs
Date:
December 1961
Summary:
Map from flight notebook used by astronaut John Glenn on flight of Mercury "Friendship 7" on February 20, 1962; Mercury Orbital Chart MOC-3 published by USAF (December 1961), world chart with printed orbital routes, plus grease pencil and marker annotations noting the latest information available immediately prior to the flight. "Map 1" shows portions of North and South America, plus the southeastern Pacific Ocean. Includes typed "Day Side Check List" and call signs [?] for radio contacts in Areas F, G, and H.
Topic:
Astronautics
Space flight
Project Mercury (U.S.)
Local number:
NASM-7B02656
See more items in:
Videodisc Imagery Collection
Data Source:
National Air and Space Museum Archives

Mercury MA-6 Flight "Friendship 7", Databook (Flight Maps) (NASM Artifact); Glenn, John H., Jr.. [photograph]

view Mercury MA-6 Flight "Friendship 7", Databook (Flight Maps) (NASM Artifact); Glenn, John H., Jr.. [photograph] digital asset number 1
Photographer:
Unknown
Type:
Photographs
Date:
December 1961
Summary:
Map from flight notebook used by astronaut John Glenn on flight of Mercury "Friendship 7" on February 20, 1962; Mercury Orbital Chart MOC-3 published by USAF (December 1961), world chart with printed orbital routes, plus grease pencil and marker annotations noting the latest information available immediately prior to the flight. "Map 2" shows northern South America, the South Atlantic Ocean, and Africa. Includes typed "Day Side Check List" and call signs [?] for radio contacts in the Atlantic Area.
Topic:
Astronautics
Space flight
Project Mercury (U.S.)
Local number:
NASM-7B02657
See more items in:
Videodisc Imagery Collection
Data Source:
National Air and Space Museum Archives

Mercury MA-6 Flight "Friendship 7", Databook (Flight Maps) (NASM Artifact); Glenn, John H., Jr.. [photograph]

view Mercury MA-6 Flight "Friendship 7", Databook (Flight Maps) (NASM Artifact); Glenn, John H., Jr.. [photograph] digital asset number 1
Photographer:
Unknown
Type:
Photographs
Date:
December 1962
Summary:
Map from flight notebook used by astronaut John Glenn on flight of Mercury "Friendship 7" on February 20, 1962; Mercury Orbital Chart MOC-3 published by USAF (December 1961), world chart with printed orbital routes, plus grease pencil and marker annotations noting the latest information available immediately prior to the flight. "Map 3" shows eastern Africa, southern Asia, the Indian Ocean, and Western Australia.
Topic:
Astronautics
Space flight
Project Mercury (U.S.)
Local number:
NASM-7B02658
See more items in:
Videodisc Imagery Collection
Data Source:
National Air and Space Museum Archives

Mercury MA-6 Flight "Friendship 7", Databook (Flight Maps) (NASM Artifact); Glenn, John H., Jr.. [photograph]

view Mercury MA-6 Flight "Friendship 7", Databook (Flight Maps) (NASM Artifact); Glenn, John H., Jr.. [photograph] digital asset number 1
Photographer:
Unknown
Type:
Photographs
Date:
December 1961
Summary:
Map from flight notebook used by astronaut John Glenn on flight of Mercury "Friendship 7" on February 20, 1962; Mercury Orbital Chart MOC-3 published by USAF (December 1961), world chart with printed orbital routes, plus grease pencil and marker annotations noting the latest information available immediately prior to the flight. "Map 4" shows southeast Asia, Australia, and the southwest Pacific Ocean.
Topic:
Astronautics
Space flight
Project Mercury (U.S.)
Local number:
NASM-7B02659
See more items in:
Videodisc Imagery Collection
Data Source:
National Air and Space Museum Archives

4c Project Mercury single

Scott Catalogue USA 1193
view 4c Project Mercury single digital asset number 1
Printer:
Bureau of Engraving and Printing
Medium:
paper; ink (dark blue, yellow); adhesive / engraving
Type:
Postage Stamps
Place:
United States of America
Date:
February 20, 1962
Description:
This Project Mercury Issue stamp commemorates the first orbital flight of a United States astronaut. Project Mercury was the first human spaceflight program of the United States, run by the National Aeronautics and Space Administration. It was influenced by the space race with the Soviet Union that began in 1957 when they launched the first artificial satellite, Sputnik I. The stamp features an image of “Friendship I” capsule above the Earth. “Friendship I” was manned by Lieutenant Colonel John Glenn, Jr, who was the first American in orbit.
United States; Soviet Union; Project Mercury; NASA; mission; space race; John Glenn; space; Earth; globe; stars; orbit; man; Friendship; satellite; capsule
Topic:
Space Exploration & the Universe
Technology & Inventions
Science
Object number:
1980.2493.5406
See more items in:
National Postal Museum Collection
Data Source:
National Postal Museum

Desk Stand, Commemorative, Project Mercury

view Desk Stand, Commemorative, Project Mercury digital asset number 1
Materials:
Plastic
Ink
Paper
Adhesive
Dimensions:
3-D: 9.8 × 2.9cm (3 7/8 × 1 1/8 in.)
Storage: 15.2 × 15.2 × 8.3cm (6 × 6 × 3 1/4 in.)
Type:
MEMORABILIA-Events
Country of Origin:
United States of America
Summary:
This desk stand commemorates Project Mercury, the first U.S. manned spaceflight program. There were a total of six launches of Mercury manned spacecraft. The first in May 1961 carried Alan Shepard in his historic sub-orbital flight. After one more sub-orbital mission, John Glenn in February 1962 became the first American to orbit the Earth. There were three additional orbital missions in 1962 and 1963.
Credit Line:
Found In Collection. Donor unknown at this time. Found on NASM premises.
Inventory Number:
A20020264000
Rights:
Do not reproduce without permission from the Smithsonian Institution, National Air and Space Museum
See more items in:
National Air and Space Museum Collection
Data Source:
National Air and Space Museum
Additional Online Media:

Medal, Commemorative, Project Mercury, Vienna Mint

view Medal, Commemorative, Project Mercury, Vienna Mint digital asset number 1
Manufacturer:
Vienna Mint
Materials:
Silver
Dimensions:
3-D: 3.2cm (1 1/4 in.)
Type:
MEMORABILIA-Events
Country of Origin:
Austria
Summary:
This Project Mercury commemorative medal was struck by the Vienna Mint. Project Mercury was NASA's first human spaceflight program. Alan Shepard, Virgil I. "Gus" Grissom, John Glenn, and M. Scott Carpenter were the first four astronauts to fly in the program. Alan Shepard was the first American in space in a suborbital flight in May 1961, and Gus Grissom was the second in another suborbital flight in July 1961. John Glenn became the first American to orbit the Earth in February 1962, and Scott Carpenter was the second in May 1962.
Space medal collector Thomas Becker donated this medal to the National Collectioin in 1972.
Credit Line:
Gift of Thomas Becker
Inventory Number:
A19731520000
Rights:
Do not reproduce without permission from the Smithsonian Institution, National Air and Space Museum
See more items in:
National Air and Space Museum Collection
Location:
Steven F. Udvar-Hazy Center in Chantilly, VA
Hangar:
James S. McDonnell Space Hangar
Data Source:
National Air and Space Museum

4c Project Mercury plate proof

Scott Catalogue USA 1193
view 4c Project Mercury plate proof digital asset number 1
Printer:
Bureau of Engraving and Printing
Medium:
paper; ink (dark blue & yellow) / engraving
Type:
Bureau Plate Proofs
Place:
United States of America
Date:
October 16, 1961
Description:
Certified plate proofs are the last printed proof of the plate before printing the stamps at the Bureau of Engraving and Printing. These plate proofs are each unique, with the approval signatures and date. For postal scholars these plates provide important production information in the plate margin inscriptions, including guidelines, plate numbers, and initials of the siderographer, or person who created the plate from a transfer roll.
Plate No.27065
Denomination: 4c
Subject: "Friendship 7" Capsule and Globe, Project Mercury Issue
Color: dark blue & yellow
Topic:
Space Exploration & the Universe
Object number:
0.245468.14
See more items in:
National Postal Museum Collection
Data Source:
National Postal Museum

4c Project Mercury plate proof

Scott Catalogue USA 1193
view 4c Project Mercury plate proof digital asset number 1
Printer:
Bureau of Engraving and Printing
Medium:
paper; ink (dark blue & yellow) / engraving
Type:
Bureau Plate Proofs
Place:
United States of America
Date:
October 23, 1961
Description:
Certified plate proofs are the last printed proof of the plate before printing the stamps at the Bureau of Engraving and Printing. These plate proofs are each unique, with the approval signatures and date. For postal scholars these plates provide important production information in the plate margin inscriptions, including guidelines, plate numbers, and initials of the siderographer, or person who created the plate from a transfer roll.
Plate No.27608
Denomination: 4c
Subject: "Friendship 7" Capsule and Globe, Project Mercury Issue
Color: dark blue & yellow
Object number:
0.258777.129
See more items in:
National Postal Museum Collection
Data Source:
National Postal Museum

Forever Mercury Project single

Scott Catalogue USA 4527
view Forever Mercury Project single digital asset number 1
Medium:
paper; ink
Dimensions:
Height x Width: 1 x 1 5/8 in. (2.54 x 4.13 cm)
Type:
Postage Stamps
Place:
United States of America
Date:
2011
Topic:
Space Exploration & the Universe
Credit line:
Copyright United States Postal Service. All rights reserved.
Object number:
2011.2036.135
See more items in:
National Postal Museum Collection
Data Source:
National Postal Museum

John Glenn signature on Project Mercury first day cover

Scott Catalogue USA 1193
view John Glenn signature on Project Mercury first day cover digital asset number 1
Medium:
paper; ink
Dimensions:
Height x Width: 3 3/4 x 6 1/2 in. (9.53 x 16.51 cm)
Type:
Covers & Associated Letters
Date:
February 20, 1962
Description:
Project Mercury was the first human spaceflight program of the United States. It ran from 1959 through 1963 with the goal of putting a human in orbit around the Earth. The Mercury-Atlas 6 flight on February 20, 1962, was the first Mercury flight to achieve this goal.
The Post Office Department honored this first orbital flight of a United States astronaut on February 20, 1962, when it released the Project Mercury commemorative stamp, placed on sale throughout the country at the exact hour Colonel John Glenn's historic flight officially had returned to Earth safely.
In case the mission failed or was cancelled, the Bureau of Engraving and Printing kept word about the new press and the stamp issue's production a secret. The stamps, waiting at post offices around the U.S., were sealed and marked "Top Secret". Only after Glenn's trip were the postmasters allowed to open the packages and see what was inside.
Right after Glenn's safe return, the Post Office released the Project Mercury stamp. It became the first U.S. commemorative stamp issued nearly at the same time as the event occurred, and was released the exact hour the flight was officially completed.
Topic:
National Stamp Collection
Object number:
2010.2004.121
See more items in:
National Postal Museum Collection
On View:
Currently on exhibit at the National Postal Museum
Data Source:
National Postal Museum

4c Project Mercury single on First Day Cover

Scott Catalogue USA 1193
view 4c Project Mercury single on First Day Cover digital asset number 1
Medium:
paper; ink
Type:
Covers & Associated Letters
Place:
United States of America
Date:
1961
Object number:
2008.2004.83
See more items in:
National Postal Museum Collection
Data Source:
National Postal Museum

Motor, Solid Fuel, Project Mercury Retro; also Designated TE-316

view Motor, Solid Fuel, Project Mercury Retro; also Designated TE-316 digital asset number 1
Manufacturer:
Thiokol Chemical Corporation
Materials:
Steel
Ablative Material
Paint
Paper
Adhesive
Plastic
Ink
Overall, steel; brown phenolic nozzle; paint, yellow green chromate, now peeling extensively
Dimensions:
3-D: 38.1 x 35.6 x 30.5cm (15 x 14 x 12 in.)
Height, 16.75 inches; width, 14.5 inches; diameter, nozzle, approximately 5.5 inches; weight, about 18 pounds
Type:
PROPULSION-Rocket Engines
Country of Origin:
United States of America
Summary:
Shown here is a retro rocket used to decelerate manned spacecraft in orbit in preparation for re-entry into the earth's atmosphere during NASA's Project Mercury in the 1960s. NASA acquired the engine on contract from the Thiokol Chemical Corporation's Elkton, Maryland production plant. The rocket produced a thrust of 1,000 pounds for ten seconds.
NASA fitted three of these rockets onto the heat shield of a Mercury capsule. Each rocket fired separately on five-second delays to slow the capsule gradually for re-entry. One minute after use, the the retro rocket package jettisoned from the spacecraft to afford unencumbered re-entrry. The rockets either fired automatically through the action of an orbital timing device or manually by the astronaut on board if required.
Transfered from NASA's Johnson Space Center.
Credit Line:
Transferred to the National Air and Space Museum from the Transferred to the National Air and Space Museum from NASA's Johnson Space Center.
Inventory Number:
A19731458000
Rights:
Do not reproduce without permission from the Smithsonian Institution, National Air and Space Museum
See more items in:
National Air and Space Museum Collection
Data Source:
National Air and Space Museum
Additional Online Media:

Spaceshots and Snapshots of Projects Mercury and Gemini: A Rare Photographic History, by John Bisney and J.L. Pickering

view Spaceshots and Snapshots of Projects Mercury and Gemini: A Rare Photographic History, by John Bisney and J.L. Pickering digital asset: https://repository.si.edu/bitstream/handle/10088/27749/201525SH.pdf
Author:
Levasseur, Jennifer K.
Object Type:
Smithsonian staff publication
Electronic document
Year:
2015
Citation:
Levasseur, Jennifer K. 2015. Spaceshots and Snapshots of Projects Mercury and Gemini: A Rare Photographic History, by John Bisney and J.L. Pickering. Quest: The History of Spaceflight Magazine, 22(4): 58
Topic:
Flight
Aeronautics
Space sciences
Flight
Space sciences
Data source:
Smithsonian Libraries

Mercury Project, Astronauts, NASA; Shepard, Alan B., Jr.. [photograph]

view Mercury Project, Astronauts, NASA; Shepard, Alan B., Jr.. [photograph] digital asset number 1
Photographer:
Unknown
Type:
Photographs
Date:
1960
Summary:
Autographed informal full-length portrait of Alan B. Shepard, Jr., in pressure suit (holding his gloves and visor), 1960.
Topic:
Astronautics
Astronauts
Space flight
Local number:
NASM-9A11576
See more items in:
Betty Skelton Collection
Data Source:
National Air and Space Museum Archives

"Freedom 7"' Displayed in Air and Space Building

view "Freedom 7"' Displayed in Air and Space Building digital asset number 1
Author:
Unknown
Subject:
Shepard, Alan B (Alan Bartlett) 1923-
National Air and Space Museum
Project Mercury (U.S.)
Physical description:
Color: Black and White; Size: 8w x 10h; Type of Image: Interior; Person, candid; Medium: Photographic print
Type:
Photographic print
Interior
Person, candid
Date:
1961
Category:
Historic Images of the Smithsonian
Summary:
Alan B. Shepard, Jr., peers into the window of the Mercury "'Freedom 7"' spacecraft which he flew on May 5, 1961. The spacecraft was presented to the Smithsonian on October 23, 1961, and placed on display in the Quonset Hut or Air Museum Building of the National Air and Space Museum in the South Yard.
Contained within:
Smithsonian Institution Archives, Record Unit 95, Box 58, Folder: 5
Contact information:
Institutional History Division, Smithsonian Institution Archives, 600 Maryland Avenue, S.W., Washington, D.C. 20024-2520, SIHistory@si.edu
Topic:
Astronautics
Space vehicles
Freedom 7
Quonset Hut
Exhibitions
Astronauts
Standard number:
2003-19533 or A-48770
Restrictions:
No restrictions
Data Source:
Smithsonian Archives - History Div

Visitors Viewing Friendship 7

view Visitors Viewing Friendship 7 digital asset number 1
Author:
Unknown
Subject:
Glenn, John 1921-
National Air and Space Museum
Project Mercury (U.S.)
Physical description:
Color: Black and White; Size: 10w x 8h; Type of Image: Exhibit; Medium: Photographic print
Type:
Photographic print
Exhibit
Date:
late 1960s - c. 1975
Category:
Historic Images of the Smithsonian
Summary:
Visitors viewing "Friendship 7" in the Quonset Hut of the National Air and Space Museum in the South Yard. "Friendship 7" is the Mercury spacecraft in which astronaut John H. Glenn, Jr., became the first American to orbit the Earth. On February 20, 1962, Glenn circled the Earth three times. The space flight lasted 4 hours and 55 minutes, and "Friendship 7" landed in the Atlantic Ocean.
Contained within:
Smithsonian Institution Archives, Record Unit 95, Box 58, Folder 15, and Record Unit 410, Box 2, Folder: Historic Photos
Contact information:
Institutional History Division, Smithsonian Institution Archives, 600 Maryland Avenue, S.W., Washington, D.C. 20024-2520, SIHistory@si.edu
Topic:
Quonset Hut
Museum visitors
Exhibitions
Friendship 7
Space vehicles
Standard number:
82-3306
Restrictions:
No restrictions
Data Source:
Smithsonian Archives - History Div

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