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Visitors looking at Project Mercury Capsule, National Air Museum

Author:
Unknown
Subject:
National Air Museum (U.S.)
National Air and Space Museum
McDonnell Aircraft Company
Project Mercury (U.S.)
South Yard
Physical description:
Color: Black and White; Size: 8w x 10h; Type of Image: Exhibit; Medium: Photographic print
Type:
Photographic print
Exhibit
Date:
1961
Topic:
Mercury Capsule
Models and modelmaking
Space vehicles
Museum visitors
Exhibitions
Quonset Hut
Children
Standard number:
2002-12191
Restrictions:
No restrictions
Category:
Historic Images of the Smithsonian
Notes:
Original negative number is 47800, but that negative has been lost
Summary:
Two young visitors looking at a model of the Mercury Capsule on display in the National Air Museum, now the National Air and Space Museum. The model was given to the Museum on March 29, 1961 because of the great public interest in the Mercury Space Program. The 1/3 scale model of the Mercury Capsule is completely equipped with escape tower, retro-rockets, interior fittings, and a model of an astronaut. The display was built and given to the Museum by the McDonnell Aircraft Corporation of St. Louis, the prime contractors for the capsules for the Mercury Project
Contained within:
Smithsonian Institution Archives Record Unit 95 Box 41 Folder 22
Contact information:
Institutional History Division, Smithsonian Institution Archives, 600 Maryland Avenue, S.W., Washington, D.C. 20024-2520, SIHistory@si.edu
Data Source:
Smithsonian Archives - History Div
Visitor Tag(s):

Photograph, Project Mercury Astronauts

Maker:
Avedon, Richard
Physical Description:
paper (overall material)
Measurements:
overall: 71 cm x 71 cm; 27 15/16 in x 27 15/16 in
Object Name:
photograph
Date made:
1961
Subject:
Photography
ID Number:
PG*67.102.051
Catalog number:
67.102.51
Accession number:
270571
Description:
Gus Grissom, Alan Shepard, and John Glenn were three of the astronauts involved in the United States' first man-in-space program to successfully orbit a manned spacecraft around the earth.
Location:
Currently not on view
See more items in:
Culture and the Arts: Photographic History
Data Source:
National Museum of American History, Kenneth E. Behring Center
Visitor Tag(s):

4c Project Mercury single

Scott Catalogue USA 1193
Printer:
Bureau of Engraving and Printing
Medium:
paper; ink (dark blue, yellow); adhesive / engraving
Type:
Postage Stamps
Place:
United States of America
Date:
February 20, 1962
Topic:
Space Exploration & the Universe
Technology & Inventions
Science
Object number:
1980.2493.5406
Description:
This Project Mercury Issue stamp commemorates the first orbital flight of a United States astronaut. Project Mercury was the first human spaceflight program of the United States, run by the National Aeronautics and Space Administration. It was influenced by the space race with the Soviet Union that began in 1957 when they launched the first artificial satellite, Sputnik I. The stamp features an image of “Friendship I” capsule above the Earth. “Friendship I” was manned by Lieutenant Colonel John Glenn, Jr, who was the first American in orbit.
United States; Soviet Union; Project Mercury; NASA; mission; space race; John Glenn; space; Earth; globe; stars; orbit; man; Friendship; satellite; capsule
See more items in:
National Postal Museum Collection
Data Source:
National Postal Museum
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Medal, Commemorative, Project Mercury, Vienna Mint

Manufacturer:
Vienna Mint
Materials:
Silver
Dimensions:
3-D: 3.2cm (1 1/4 in.)
Type:
MEMORABILIA-Events
Country of Origin:
Austria
Credit Line:
Gift of Thomas Becker
Inventory Number:
A19731520000
Rights:
Do not reproduce without permission from the Smithsonian Institution, National Air and Space Museum
Summary:
This Project Mercury commemorative medal was struck by the Vienna Mint. Project Mercury was NASA's first human spaceflight program. Alan Shepard, Virgil I. "Gus" Grissom, John Glenn, and M. Scott Carpenter were the first four astronauts to fly in the program. Alan Shepard was the first American in space in a suborbital flight in May 1961, and Gus Grissom was the second in another suborbital flight in July 1961. John Glenn became the first American to orbit the Earth in February 1962, and Scott Carpenter was the second in May 1962.
Space medal collector Thomas Becker donated this medal to the National Collectioin in 1972.
See more items in:
National Air and Space Museum Collection
Location:
Steven F. Udvar-Hazy Center, Chantilly, VA
Hangar:
James S. McDonnell Space Hangar
Data Source:
National Air and Space Museum
Visitor Tag(s):

4c Project Mercury plate proof

Scott Catalogue USA 1193
Printer:
Bureau of Engraving and Printing
Medium:
paper; ink (dark blue & yellow) / engraving
Type:
Bureau Plate Proofs
Place:
United States of America
Date:
October 16, 1961
Topic:
Space Exploration & the Universe
Object number:
0.245468.14
Description:
Certified plate proofs are the last printed proof of the plate before printing the stamps at the Bureau of Engraving and Printing. These plate proofs are each unique, with the approval signatures and date. For postal scholars these plates provide important production information in the plate margin inscriptions, including guidelines, plate numbers, and initials of the siderographer, or person who created the plate from a transfer roll.
Plate No.27065
Denomination: 4c
Subject: "Friendship 7" Capsule and Globe, Project Mercury Issue
Color: dark blue & yellow
See more items in:
National Postal Museum Collection
Data Source:
National Postal Museum
Visitor Tag(s):

4c Project Mercury plate proof

Scott Catalogue USA 1193
Printer:
Bureau of Engraving and Printing
Medium:
paper; ink (dark blue & yellow) / engraving
Type:
Bureau Plate Proofs
Place:
United States of America
Date:
October 23, 1961
Object number:
0.258777.129
Description:
Certified plate proofs are the last printed proof of the plate before printing the stamps at the Bureau of Engraving and Printing. These plate proofs are each unique, with the approval signatures and date. For postal scholars these plates provide important production information in the plate margin inscriptions, including guidelines, plate numbers, and initials of the siderographer, or person who created the plate from a transfer roll.
Plate No.27608
Denomination: 4c
Subject: "Friendship 7" Capsule and Globe, Project Mercury Issue
Color: dark blue & yellow
See more items in:
National Postal Museum Collection
Data Source:
National Postal Museum
Visitor Tag(s):

Forever Mercury Project single

Scott Catalogue USA 4527
Medium:
paper; ink
Dimensions:
Height x Width: 1 x 1 5/8 in. (2.54 x 4.13 cm)
Type:
Postage Stamps
Place:
United States of America
Date:
2011
Topic:
Space Exploration & the Universe
Credit line:
Copyright United States Postal Service. All rights reserved.
Object number:
2011.2036.135
See more items in:
National Postal Museum Collection
Data Source:
National Postal Museum
Visitor Tag(s):

John Glenn signature on Project Mercury first day cover

Scott Catalogue USA 1193
Medium:
paper; ink
Dimensions:
Height x Width: 3 3/4 x 6 1/2 in. (9.53 x 16.51 cm)
Type:
Covers & Associated Letters
Date:
February 20, 1962
Topic:
National Stamp Collection
Object number:
2010.2004.121
Description:
Project Mercury was the first human spaceflight program of the United States. It ran from 1959 through 1963 with the goal of putting a human in orbit around the Earth. The Mercury-Atlas 6 flight on February 20, 1962, was the first Mercury flight to achieve this goal.
The Post Office Department honored this first orbital flight of a United States astronaut on February 20, 1962, when it released the Project Mercury commemorative stamp, placed on sale throughout the country at the exact hour Colonel John Glenn's historic flight officially had returned to Earth safely.
In case the mission failed or was cancelled, the Bureau of Engraving and Printing kept word about the new press and the stamp issue's production a secret. The stamps, waiting at post offices around the U.S., were sealed and marked "Top Secret". Only after Glenn's trip were the postmasters allowed to open the packages and see what was inside.
Right after Glenn's safe return, the Post Office released the Project Mercury stamp. It became the first U.S. commemorative stamp issued nearly at the same time as the event occurred, and was released the exact hour the flight was officially completed.
See more items in:
National Postal Museum Collection
On View:
Currently on exhibit at the National Postal Museum
Data Source:
National Postal Museum
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4c Project Mercury single on First Day Cover

Scott Catalogue USA 1193
Medium:
paper; ink
Type:
Covers & Associated Letters
Place:
United States of America
Date:
1961
Object number:
2008.2004.83
See more items in:
National Postal Museum Collection
Data Source:
National Postal Museum
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"Freedom 7"' Displayed in Air and Space Building

Author:
Unknown
Subject:
Shepard, Alan B (Alan Bartlett) 1923-
National Air and Space Museum
Project Mercury (U.S.)
Physical description:
Color: Black and White; Size: 8w x 10h; Type of Image: Interior; Person, candid; Medium: Photographic print
Type:
Photographic print
Interior
Person, candid
Date:
1961
Topic:
Astronautics
Space vehicles
Freedom 7
Quonset Hut
Exhibitions
Astronauts
Standard number:
2003-19533 or A-48770
Restrictions:
No restrictions
Category:
Historic Images of the Smithsonian
Summary:
Alan B. Shepard, Jr., peers into the window of the Mercury "'Freedom 7"' spacecraft which he flew on May 5, 1961. The spacecraft was presented to the Smithsonian on October 23, 1961, and placed on display in the Quonset Hut or Air Museum Building of the National Air and Space Museum in the South Yard
Contained within:
Smithsonian Institution Archives, Record Unit 95, Box 58, Folder: 5
Contact information:
Institutional History Division, Smithsonian Institution Archives, 600 Maryland Avenue, S.W., Washington, D.C. 20024-2520, SIHistory@si.edu
Data Source:
Smithsonian Archives - History Div
Visitor Tag(s):

Visitors Viewing Friendship 7

Author:
Unknown
Subject:
Glenn, John 1921-
National Air and Space Museum
Project Mercury (U.S.)
Physical description:
Color: Black and White; Size: 10w x 8h; Type of Image: Exhibit; Medium: Photographic print
Type:
Photographic print
Exhibit
Date:
late 1960s - c. 1975
Topic:
Quonset Hut
Museum visitors
Exhibitions
Friendship 7
Space vehicles
Standard number:
82-3306
Restrictions:
No restrictions
Category:
Historic Images of the Smithsonian
Summary:
Visitors viewing "Friendship 7" in the Quonset Hut of the National Air and Space Museum in the South Yard. "Friendship 7" is the Mercury spacecraft in which astronaut John H. Glenn, Jr., became the first American to orbit the Earth. On February 20, 1962, Glenn circled the Earth three times. The space flight lasted 4 hours and 55 minutes, and "Friendship 7" landed in the Atlantic Ocean
Contained within:
Smithsonian Institution Archives, Record Unit 95, Box 58, Folder 15, and Record Unit 410, Box 2, Folder: Historic Photos
Contact information:
Institutional History Division, Smithsonian Institution Archives, 600 Maryland Avenue, S.W., Washington, D.C. 20024-2520, SIHistory@si.edu
Data Source:
Smithsonian Archives - History Div
Visitor Tag(s):

James Tyler and John Glenn at NASM

Author:
Avino, Mark
Subject:
Glenn, John 1921-
Tyler, James C. 1935-
United States Congress
National Air and Space Museum
Project Mercury (U.S.)
Physical description:
Color: Black and White; Size: 10w x 8h; Type of Image: Group, candid; Medium: Photographic print
Type:
Photographic print
Group, candid
Date:
1987
Topic:
Celebrities and Dignitaries
Space vehicles
News conferences
Astronauts
Politicians
Museum directors
Standard number:
87-2326-7
Restrictions:
No restrictions
Category:
Historic Images of the Smithsonian
Notes:
Featured in "The Torch," April 1987
Summary:
Senator John Glenn held a news conference at the National Air and Space Museum (NASM) 19 February 1987 in honor of the 25th anniversary of his orbit around the earth in the Mercury Friendship 7 spacecraft. This photo shows Glenn standing with NASM Acting Director James Tyler (l.) in front of the spacecraft
Contained within:
Smithsonian Institution Archives, Record Unit 371, Box 5, Folder: April 1987
Contact information:
Institutional History Division, Smithsonian Institution Archives, 600 Maryland Avenue, S.W., Washington, D.C. 20024-2520, SIHistory@si.edu
Data Source:
Smithsonian Archives - History Div
Visitor Tag(s):

Malcolm Scott Carpenter (b. 1925)

Creator:
United States Navy
Subject:
Carpenter, M. Scott (Malcolm Scott) 1925-
Project Mercury (U.S.)
United States National Aeronautics and Space Administration
Type:
Black-and-white photographs
Topic:
Astronauts
Astronautics
Local number:
SIA Acc. 90-105 [SIA2008-0361]
Summary:
NASA Project Mercury astronaut Malcolm Scott Carpenter (b. 1925)
Cite as:
Acc. 90-105 - Science Service, Records, 1920s-1970s, Smithsonian Institution Archives
Data Source:
Smithsonian Institution Archives
Visitor Tag(s):

Malcolm Scott Carpenter (b. 1925)

Creator:
United States Navy
Subject:
Carpenter, M. Scott (Malcolm Scott) 1925-
United States National Aeronautics and Space Administration
Project Mercury (U.S.)
Type:
Black-and-white photographs
Topic:
Astronautics
Astronauts
Local number:
SIA Acc. 90-105 [SIA2008-0363]
Summary:
NASA Project Mercury astronaut Malcolm Scott Carpenter (b. 1925)
Cite as:
Acc. 90-105 - Science Service, Records, 1920s-1970s, Smithsonian Institution Archives
Data Source:
Smithsonian Institution Archives
Visitor Tag(s):

Betty Skelton Collection

Creator:
Skelton, Betty 1926-
Subject:
Pitts Aviation Enterprises, Inc
Project Mercury (U.S.)
Pitts S-1 Special, Little Stinker
Fellow Lady Astronaut Trainees (FLATS, "Mercury 13")
Physical description:
4.70 cubic feet (5 legal document boxes, 3 flatboxes)
Type:
Scrapbooks
Collection descriptions
Photographs
Clippings
Advertisements
Date:
1940
1940-2000
Topic:
Stunt flying
Women in aeronautics
Women air pilots
Airplane racing
Aeronautics--Competitions
Aeronautics
Pitts aircraft
Automobile racing
Pitts S-1 Special
Local number:
2002-0002
Restrictions:
No restrictions on access
Notes:
Betty Skelton Frankman (b. 1926) soloed in an airplane at age 12. She has then gone on to hold more combined aviation and automotive records than anyone else in history. From 1948 to 1950 Ms. Skelton won three International Feminine Aerobatic Championships in her open-cockpit biplane, the Pitts Special Little Stinker, which is now part of the National Air and Space Museum Collection. In 1949 and 1951 Skelton also set the world light-plane altitude record. After her retirement from aviation, she worked with Chevrolet on the development of the Corvette. Skelton established records for Chevrolet behind the wheel of the Corvette and appeared at major auto shows, as well as in national ads and TV commercials. Among her automotive firsts, Skelton set the world land speed record for women four times, was the first woman to drive a jet car over 300 miles per hour, the first woman to drive an Indy 500 race car, and the first woman to become a test driver for the auto industry. In 1959, Skelton trained and tested with the original Mercury astronauts, although women were eventually dropped from the program
Summary:
Currently, this collection consists of four scrapbooks containing both photographs and newspaper clippings, and four document boxes of newspaper and magazine clippings chronicling her career. There are also a few oversized magazines, either containing articles about Skelton or showing advertisements in which she was featured
Cite as:
Betty Skelton Collection, Acc. 2002-0002, National Air and Space Museum, Smithsonian Institution
Data Source:
National Air and Space Museum Archives
Visitor Tag(s):

Additional Online Media:

Mercury Project, Astronauts, Training; Shepard, Alan B., Jr.; Grissom, Virgil Ivan "Gus"; Cooper, Leroy Gordon, Jr; Schirra, Walter Marty, Jr "Wally"; Slayton, Donald Kent "Deke"; Glenn, John H.; Carpenter, M. Scott; Clothing, Space Suits, Mercury, Navy Mark IV. [photograph]

Photographer:
National Aeronatics and Space Administration (NASA)
Type:
Photographs
Date:
4/16/1961
Topic:
Astronautics
Space flight
Local number:
NASM-7B21348
Summary:
The "Mercury 7" astronauts in Mercury space suits during training at NASA Langley Research Center, Viriginia, left to right, back row: Alan Shepard, Virgil "Gus" Grissom and L. Gordon Cooper and front row: Walter Schirra, Donald "Deke" Slayton, John Glenn and Scott Carpenter. All are wearing Mercury space suits (modified Navy Mk.IV pressure suits). Photo released July 16, 1961
See more items in:
National Air and Space Museum Cataloged Imagery Collection
Data Source:
National Air and Space Museum Archives
Visitor Tag(s):

Presentation of Friendship 7

Author:
Unknown
Subject:
Anderson, Clinton Presba
Carmichael, Leonard 1898-1973
Webb, James E (James Edwin) 1906-
Dryden, Hugh Latimer 1898-1965
Glenn, John 1921-
Hopkins, Philip S
Project Mercury (U.S.)
National Aeronautics and Space Administration
United States Congress Senate
Arts and Industries Building
Physical description:
Color: Black and White; Size: 8w x 10h; Type of Image: Event; Group, candid; Medium: Photographic print
Type:
Photographic print
Group, candid
Date:
1963
Topic:
Friendship 7
Space vehicles
Astronautics
Astronauts
Museum directors
Regents
Secretaries
Gifts
Event
Standard number:
2003-19532
Restrictions:
No restrictions
Category:
Historic Images of the Smithsonian
Summary:
In the Arts and Industries Building, February 20, 1963, Smithsonian Secretary Leonard Carmichael speaking at the presentation of the "Friendship 7" spacecraft which is in the foreground. The men seated behind Secretary Carmichael are (left to right): Senator Clinton P. Anderson, member of the Smithsonian Board of Regents and member of the Senate Committee on Aeronautical and Space Sciences; Honorable James E. Webb, Administrator of National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA); Dr. Hugh L. Dryden, Deputy Administrator of the National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA); Astronaut John H. Glenn, Jr.; and Philip S. Hopkins, Director of the National Air Museum, now the National Air and Space Museum
Contained within:
Smithsonian Institution Archives, Record Unit 95, Box 58, Folder 15
Contact information:
Institutional History Division, Smithsonian Institution Archives, 600 Maryland Avenue, S.W., Washington, D.C. 20024-2520, SIHistory@si.edu
Data Source:
Smithsonian Archives - History Div
Visitor Tag(s):

Mercury, [sculpture] / (photographed by Peter A. Juley & Son)

Artist:
Farnham, Sally James 1876-1943
Type:
Photograph
Topic:
Mythology--Classical--Mercury
Image number:
JUL J0097285
Notes:
Title transcribed from negative
Online catalogue raisonne lists the piece as being titled, "Hypnos, The God of Somnolence"
The Sally James Farnham Catalogue Raisonne Project, 2010
See more items in:
Photograph Archives
Data Source:
Archives and Special Collections, Smithsonian American Art Museum
Visitor Tag(s):

Bellcomm, Inc. Technical Reports Library, 1947-1980 (bulk 1960-1973)

Creator:
Bellcomm, Inc
Subject:
Project Mercury (U.S.)
Project Gemini (U.S.)
Project Surveyor (U.S.)
California Institute of Technology Jet Propulsion Lab
Bellcomm, Inc
National Aeronautics and Space Administration
American Telephone and Telegraph Company
Physical description:
81.71 cubic feet (222 letter document boxes) (1 slim letter document box) (4 flatboxes)
Type:
Photographs
Collection descriptions
Publications
Reports
Date:
1947
1947-1980
bulk 1960-1973
Topic:
Astronautics
Local number:
XXXX-0093
Restrictions:
No restrictions on access
Notes:
Bellcomm, Inc. was a subsidiary of AT&T which was organized to assist the National Aeronautics and Space Administration's Office of Manned Space Flight Systems Office in the overall integration of the Apollo spacecraft; Bellcomm was directly responsible for systems engineering and analysis. The company folded in 1972 with the end of the Apollo program
Summary:
This collection contains the non-book portion of Bellcomm's Technical Library. The material in the collection consists of technical reports prepared by NASA subcontractors and/or NASA facilities during the first decade of space exploration (1960-1970). The reports cover a variety of space exploration-related subjects, including a number of defunct programs and space medicine concerns, as well as the better-known exploration projects, such as Mercury, Gemini, Surveyor, and so forth. The library also includes some reports issued by the California Institute of Technology's Jet Propulsion Lab (JPL) at Pasadena, CA, including Space Program and Research Summaries, as well as technical and engineering documents
Data Source:
National Air and Space Museum Archives
Visitor Tag(s):

Additional Online Media:

Capsule, Mercury #19

Manufacturer:
McDonnell Aircraft Corp.
Materials:
Skin & Structure: Titanium
Shingles: Nickel-steel alloy; Berylium shingles removed
Ablation Shield: Glass fibers, resin
Dimensions:
Overall: 112 in. tall x 73 in. wide (at base) (284.5 x 185.4cm)
Type:
SPACECRAFT-Manned
Country of Origin:
United States of America
Credit Line:
Transferred from the National Aeronautics and Space Administration
Inventory Number:
A19680571000
Rights:
Do not reproduce without permission from the Smithsonian Institution, National Air and Space Museum
Summary:
Mercury capsule #19 was one of twenty spacecraft built for the first American human spaceflight project, which aimed to put a man in orbit. Sent to the launch site, Cape Canaveral, on March 20, 1962, it became the back-up spacecraft for the Mercury-Atlas flight (MA-8) of Walter M. Schirra, who made 6 orbits of the Earth on October 3, 1962. Thereafter the mission for #19 was canceled and parts were used on other Mercury projects. In early 1968, NASA Manned Spacecraft Center (now Johnson Space Center) gave this vehicle to the Smithsonian.
See more items in:
National Air and Space Museum Collection
Data Source:
National Air and Space Museum
Visitor Tag(s):

Additional Online Media:

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