Smithsonian Institution

Search Results

Collections Search Center
2218 documents - page 1 of 111

Bracelet, Charm, Project Mercury

Manufacturer:
James David
Materials:
Gold
Silver
Steel
Silver Plating
Dimensions:
3-D: 19.8 × 2.7 × 0.6cm (7 13/16 × 1 1/16 × 1/4 in.)
Storage: 25.4 × 7.6 × 2.5cm (10 × 3 × 1 in.)
Type:
MEMORABILIA-Events
Country of Origin:
United States of America
Summary:
This bracelet has four charms commemorating Project Mercury, America's first human spaceflight program. The charms are the Project Mercury symbol, the Friendship 7 insignia (designed for John Glenn's orbital flight in February 1962), the Aurora 7 insignia (for Scott Carpenter's orbital flight in May 1962), and the Sigma 7 insignia (for Walter Schirra's orbital flight in October 1962). These were the third, fourth, and fifth of six total flights in the program.
The bracelet's designer and owner, Cece Bibby, worked with the original NASA Mercury astronauts to design the insignia for each of their flights. She also painted the symbols on the Mercury spacecraft before their missions. Bibby designed this bracelet as a memento of that work. She donated the bracelet to the Museum in 2002.
Credit Line:
Gift of Cece Bibby.
Inventory Number:
A20030001000
Rights:
Do not reproduce without permission from the Smithsonian Institution, National Air and Space Museum
See more items in:
National Air and Space Museum Collection
Data Source:
National Air and Space Museum

Additional Online Media:

Photograph, Project Mercury Astronauts

Maker:
Avedon, Richard
Physical Description:
paper (overall material)
Measurements:
overall: 71 cm x 71 cm; 27 15/16 in x 27 15/16 in
Object Name:
photograph
Date made:
1961
Description:
Gus Grissom, Alan Shepard, and John Glenn were three of the astronauts involved in the United States' first man-in-space program to successfully orbit a manned spacecraft around the earth.
Location:
Currently not on view
Subject:
Photography
ID Number:
PG*67.102.051
Catalog number:
67.102.51
Accession number:
270571
See more items in:
Culture and the Arts: Photographic History
Data Source:
National Museum of American History, Kenneth E. Behring Center

4c Project Mercury single

Scott Catalogue USA 1193
Printer:
Bureau of Engraving and Printing
Medium:
paper; ink (dark blue, yellow); adhesive / engraving
Type:
Postage Stamps
Place:
United States of America
Date:
February 20, 1962
Description:
This Project Mercury Issue stamp commemorates the first orbital flight of a United States astronaut. Project Mercury was the first human spaceflight program of the United States, run by the National Aeronautics and Space Administration. It was influenced by the space race with the Soviet Union that began in 1957 when they launched the first artificial satellite, Sputnik I. The stamp features an image of “Friendship I” capsule above the Earth. “Friendship I” was manned by Lieutenant Colonel John Glenn, Jr, who was the first American in orbit.
United States; Soviet Union; Project Mercury; NASA; mission; space race; John Glenn; space; Earth; globe; stars; orbit; man; Friendship; satellite; capsule
Topic:
Space Exploration & the Universe
Technology & Inventions
Science
Object number:
1980.2493.5406
See more items in:
National Postal Museum Collection
Data Source:
National Postal Museum

Desk Stand, Commemorative, Project Mercury

Materials:
Plastic
Ink
Paper
Adhesive
Dimensions:
3-D: 9.8 × 2.9cm (3 7/8 × 1 1/8 in.)
Storage: 15.2 × 15.2 × 8.3cm (6 × 6 × 3 1/4 in.)
Type:
MEMORABILIA-Events
Country of Origin:
United States of America
Summary:
This desk stand commemorates Project Mercury, the first U.S. manned spaceflight program. There were a total of six launches of Mercury manned spacecraft. The first in May 1961 carried Alan Shepard in his historic sub-orbital flight. After one more sub-orbital mission, John Glenn in February 1962 became the first American to orbit the Earth. There were three additional orbital missions in 1962 and 1963.
Credit Line:
Found In Collection. Donor unknown at this time. Found on NASM premises.
Inventory Number:
A20020264000
Rights:
Do not reproduce without permission from the Smithsonian Institution, National Air and Space Museum
See more items in:
National Air and Space Museum Collection
Data Source:
National Air and Space Museum

Additional Online Media:

Medal, Commemorative, Project Mercury, Vienna Mint

Manufacturer:
Vienna Mint
Materials:
Silver
Dimensions:
3-D: 3.2cm (1 1/4 in.)
Type:
MEMORABILIA-Events
Country of Origin:
Austria
Summary:
This Project Mercury commemorative medal was struck by the Vienna Mint. Project Mercury was NASA's first human spaceflight program. Alan Shepard, Virgil I. "Gus" Grissom, John Glenn, and M. Scott Carpenter were the first four astronauts to fly in the program. Alan Shepard was the first American in space in a suborbital flight in May 1961, and Gus Grissom was the second in another suborbital flight in July 1961. John Glenn became the first American to orbit the Earth in February 1962, and Scott Carpenter was the second in May 1962.
Space medal collector Thomas Becker donated this medal to the National Collectioin in 1972.
Credit Line:
Gift of Thomas Becker
Inventory Number:
A19731520000
Rights:
Do not reproduce without permission from the Smithsonian Institution, National Air and Space Museum
See more items in:
National Air and Space Museum Collection
Location:
Steven F. Udvar-Hazy Center, Chantilly, VA
Hangar:
James S. McDonnell Space Hangar
Data Source:
National Air and Space Museum

4c Project Mercury plate proof

Scott Catalogue USA 1193
Printer:
Bureau of Engraving and Printing
Medium:
paper; ink (dark blue & yellow) / engraving
Type:
Bureau Plate Proofs
Place:
United States of America
Date:
October 16, 1961
Description:
Certified plate proofs are the last printed proof of the plate before printing the stamps at the Bureau of Engraving and Printing. These plate proofs are each unique, with the approval signatures and date. For postal scholars these plates provide important production information in the plate margin inscriptions, including guidelines, plate numbers, and initials of the siderographer, or person who created the plate from a transfer roll.
Plate No.27065
Denomination: 4c
Subject: "Friendship 7" Capsule and Globe, Project Mercury Issue
Color: dark blue & yellow
Topic:
Space Exploration & the Universe
Object number:
0.245468.14
See more items in:
National Postal Museum Collection
Data Source:
National Postal Museum

4c Project Mercury plate proof

Scott Catalogue USA 1193
Printer:
Bureau of Engraving and Printing
Medium:
paper; ink (dark blue & yellow) / engraving
Type:
Bureau Plate Proofs
Place:
United States of America
Date:
October 23, 1961
Description:
Certified plate proofs are the last printed proof of the plate before printing the stamps at the Bureau of Engraving and Printing. These plate proofs are each unique, with the approval signatures and date. For postal scholars these plates provide important production information in the plate margin inscriptions, including guidelines, plate numbers, and initials of the siderographer, or person who created the plate from a transfer roll.
Plate No.27608
Denomination: 4c
Subject: "Friendship 7" Capsule and Globe, Project Mercury Issue
Color: dark blue & yellow
Object number:
0.258777.129
See more items in:
National Postal Museum Collection
Data Source:
National Postal Museum

Forever Mercury Project single

Scott Catalogue USA 4527
Medium:
paper; ink
Dimensions:
Height x Width: 1 x 1 5/8 in. (2.54 x 4.13 cm)
Type:
Postage Stamps
Place:
United States of America
Date:
2011
Topic:
Space Exploration & the Universe
Credit line:
Copyright United States Postal Service. All rights reserved.
Object number:
2011.2036.135
See more items in:
National Postal Museum Collection
Data Source:
National Postal Museum

John Glenn signature on Project Mercury first day cover

Scott Catalogue USA 1193
Medium:
paper; ink
Dimensions:
Height x Width: 3 3/4 x 6 1/2 in. (9.53 x 16.51 cm)
Type:
Covers & Associated Letters
Date:
February 20, 1962
Description:
Project Mercury was the first human spaceflight program of the United States. It ran from 1959 through 1963 with the goal of putting a human in orbit around the Earth. The Mercury-Atlas 6 flight on February 20, 1962, was the first Mercury flight to achieve this goal.
The Post Office Department honored this first orbital flight of a United States astronaut on February 20, 1962, when it released the Project Mercury commemorative stamp, placed on sale throughout the country at the exact hour Colonel John Glenn's historic flight officially had returned to Earth safely.
In case the mission failed or was cancelled, the Bureau of Engraving and Printing kept word about the new press and the stamp issue's production a secret. The stamps, waiting at post offices around the U.S., were sealed and marked "Top Secret". Only after Glenn's trip were the postmasters allowed to open the packages and see what was inside.
Right after Glenn's safe return, the Post Office released the Project Mercury stamp. It became the first U.S. commemorative stamp issued nearly at the same time as the event occurred, and was released the exact hour the flight was officially completed.
Topic:
National Stamp Collection
Object number:
2010.2004.121
See more items in:
National Postal Museum Collection
On View:
Currently on exhibit at the National Postal Museum
Data Source:
National Postal Museum

4c Project Mercury single on First Day Cover

Scott Catalogue USA 1193
Medium:
paper; ink
Type:
Covers & Associated Letters
Place:
United States of America
Date:
1961
Object number:
2008.2004.83
See more items in:
National Postal Museum Collection
Data Source:
National Postal Museum

Motor, Solid Fuel, Project Mercury Retro; also Designated TE-316

Manufacturer:
Thiokol Chemical Corporation
Materials:
Steel
Ablative Material
Paint
Paper
Adhesive
Plastic
Ink
Overall, steel; brown phenolic nozzle; paint, yellow green chromate, now peeling extensively
Dimensions:
3-D: 38.1 x 35.6 x 30.5cm (15 x 14 x 12 in.)
Height, 16.75 inches; width, 14.5 inches; diameter, nozzle, approximately 5.5 inches; weight, about 18 pounds
Type:
PROPULSION-Rocket Engines
Country of Origin:
United States of America
Summary:
Shown here is a retro rocket used to decelerate manned spacecraft in orbit in preparation for re-entry into the earth's atmosphere during NASA's Project Mercury in the 1960s. NASA acquired the engine on contract from the Thiokol Chemical Corporation's Elkton, Maryland production plant. The rocket produced a thrust of 1,000 pounds for ten seconds.
NASA fitted three of these rockets onto the heat shield of a Mercury capsule. Each rocket fired separately on five-second delays to slow the capsule gradually for re-entry. One minute after use, the the retro rocket package jettisoned from the spacecraft to afford unencumbered re-entrry. The rockets either fired automatically through the action of an orbital timing device or manually by the astronaut on board if required.
Transfered from NASA's Johnson Space Center.
Credit Line:
Transferred to the National Air and Space Museum from the Transferred to the National Air and Space Museum from NASA's Johnson Space Center.
Inventory Number:
A19731458000
Rights:
Do not reproduce without permission from the Smithsonian Institution, National Air and Space Museum
See more items in:
National Air and Space Museum Collection
Data Source:
National Air and Space Museum

Additional Online Media:

Spaceshots and Snapshots of Projects Mercury and Gemini: A Rare Photographic History, by John Bisney and J.L. Pickering

Author:
Levasseur, Jennifer K.
Object Type:
Smithsonian staff publication
Electronic document
Year:
2015
Citation:
Quest: The History of Spaceflight Quarterly, 22(4): 58
Topic:
Flight
Aeronautics
Space sciences
Flight
Space sciences
Data source:
Smithsonian Libraries

Malcolm Scott Carpenter (b. 1925)

Creator:
United States Navy
Subject:
Carpenter, M. Scott (Malcolm Scott) 1925-2013
Project Mercury (U.S.)
United States National Aeronautics and Space Administration
Type:
Black-and-white photographs
Summary:
NASA Project Mercury astronaut Malcolm Scott Carpenter (b. 1925).
Cite as:
Acc. 90-105 - Science Service, Records, 1920s-1970s, Smithsonian Institution Archives
Topic:
Astronauts
Astronautics
Local number:
SIA Acc. 90-105 [SIA2008-0361]
Restrictions:
All requests for duplication and use must be submitted in writing and approved by the Smithsonian Institution Archives. Contact SIA Reference Staff for further information (email OSIAREF@si.edu)
Data Source:
Smithsonian Institution Archives

Malcolm Scott Carpenter (b. 1925)

Creator:
United States Navy
Subject:
Carpenter, M. Scott (Malcolm Scott) 1925-2013
United States National Aeronautics and Space Administration
Project Mercury (U.S.)
Type:
Black-and-white photographs
Summary:
NASA Project Mercury astronaut Malcolm Scott Carpenter (b. 1925).
Cite as:
Acc. 90-105 - Science Service, Records, 1920s-1970s, Smithsonian Institution Archives
Topic:
Astronautics
Astronauts
Local number:
SIA Acc. 90-105 [SIA2008-0363]
Restrictions:
All requests for duplication and use must be submitted in writing and approved by the Smithsonian Institution Archives. Contact SIA Reference Staff for further information (email OSIAREF@si.edu)
Data Source:
Smithsonian Institution Archives

Betty Skelton Collection

Creator:
Skelton, Betty 1926-
Subject:
Pitts Aviation Enterprises, Inc
Project Mercury (U.S.)
Pitts S-1 Special, Little Stinker
Fellow Lady Astronaut Trainees (FLATS, "Mercury 13")
Physical description:
4.70 cubic feet (5 legal document boxes, 3 flatboxes)
Type:
Scrapbooks
Collection descriptions
Photographs
Clippings
Advertisements
Date:
1940
1940-2000
Notes:
Betty Skelton Frankman (b. 1926) soloed in an airplane at age 12. She has then gone on to hold more combined aviation and automotive records than anyone else in history. From 1948 to 1950 Ms. Skelton won three International Feminine Aerobatic Championships in her open-cockpit biplane, the Pitts Special Little Stinker, which is now part of the National Air and Space Museum Collection. In 1949 and 1951 Skelton also set the world light-plane altitude record. After her retirement from aviation, she worked with Chevrolet on the development of the Corvette. Skelton established records for Chevrolet behind the wheel of the Corvette and appeared at major auto shows, as well as in national ads and TV commercials. Among her automotive firsts, Skelton set the world land speed record for women four times, was the first woman to drive a jet car over 300 miles per hour, the first woman to drive an Indy 500 race car, and the first woman to become a test driver for the auto industry. In 1959, Skelton trained and tested with the original Mercury astronauts, although women were eventually dropped from the program.
Summary:
Currently, this collection consists of four scrapbooks containing both photographs and newspaper clippings, and four document boxes of newspaper and magazine clippings chronicling her career. There are also a few oversized magazines, either containing articles about Skelton or showing advertisements in which she was featured.
Cite as:
Betty Skelton Collection, Acc. 2002-0002, National Air and Space Museum, Smithsonian Institution
Topic:
Stunt flying
Women in aeronautics
Women air pilots
Airplane racing
Aeronautics--Competitions
Aeronautics
Pitts aircraft
Automobile racing
Pitts S-1 Special
Local number:
2002-0002
Restrictions:
No restrictions on access
Data Source:
National Air and Space Museum Archives

Capsule, Mercury #19

Manufacturer:
McDonnell Aircraft Corp.
Materials:
Skin & Structure: Titanium
Shingles: Nickel-steel alloy; Berylium shingles removed
Ablation Shield: Glass fibers, resin
Dimensions:
Overall: 112 in. tall x 73 in. wide (at base) (284.5 x 185.4cm)
Type:
SPACECRAFT-Manned
Country of Origin:
United States of America
Summary:
Mercury capsule #19 was one of twenty spacecraft built for the first American human spaceflight project, which aimed to put a man in orbit. Sent to the launch site, Cape Canaveral, on March 20, 1962, it became the back-up spacecraft for the Mercury-Atlas flight (MA-8) of Walter M. Schirra, who made 6 orbits of the Earth on October 3, 1962. Thereafter the mission for #19 was canceled and parts were used on other Mercury projects. In early 1968, NASA Manned Spacecraft Center (now Johnson Space Center) gave this vehicle to the Smithsonian.
Credit Line:
Transferred from the National Aeronautics and Space Administration
Inventory Number:
A19680571000
Rights:
Do not reproduce without permission from the Smithsonian Institution, National Air and Space Museum
See more items in:
National Air and Space Museum Collection
Data Source:
National Air and Space Museum

Additional Online Media:

The Recovery, Mercury

Medium:
Poster, Recovery, Mercury
Dimensions:
2-D - Unframed (H x W): 101.6 x 76.2cm (40 x 30 in.)
Type:
ART-Posters, Original Art Quality
Country of Origin:
United States of America
Summary:
This poster is one of a series about Project Mercury likely produced by NASA or the National Geographic Society in 1963/64. This particular poster covers capsule recovery. It was found in the collection of the National Air and Space Museum.
Credit Line:
Found in collection
Inventory Number:
A20150445000
Rights:
Do not reproduce without permission from the Smithsonian Institution, National Air and Space Museum
See more items in:
National Air and Space Museum Collection
Data Source:
National Air and Space Museum

The Recovery, Mercury

Medium:
Poster, Recovery, Mercury
Dimensions:
2-D - Unframed (H x W): 101.6 x 76.2cm (40 x 30 in.)
Type:
ART-Posters, Original Art Quality
Country of Origin:
United States of America
Summary:
This poster is one of a series about Project Mercury likely produced by NASA or the National Geographic Society in 1963/64. This particular poster covers capsule recovery. It was found in the collection of the National Air and Space Museum.
Credit Line:
Found in collection
Inventory Number:
A20150446000
Rights:
Do not reproduce without permission from the Smithsonian Institution, National Air and Space Museum
See more items in:
National Air and Space Museum Collection
Data Source:
National Air and Space Museum

The Capsule, Mercury

Manufacturer:
National Geographic Society
Medium:
Poster, Capsule, Mercury
Dimensions:
2-D - Unframed (H x W): 101.6 x 76.2cm (40 x 30 in.)
Type:
ART-Posters, Original Art Quality
Country of Origin:
United States of America
Summary:
This poster is one of a series about Project Mercury likely produced by NASA or the National Geographic Society in 1963/64. This particular poster covers capsule equipment. It was found in the collection of the National Air and Space Museum.
Credit Line:
Found in collection
Inventory Number:
A20150449000
Rights:
Do not reproduce without permission from the Smithsonian Institution, National Air and Space Museum
See more items in:
National Air and Space Museum Collection
Data Source:
National Air and Space Museum

The Capsule, Mercury

Manufacturer:
National Geographic Society
Medium:
Poster, Capsule, Mercury
Dimensions:
2-D - Unframed (H x W): 101.6 x 76.2cm (40 x 30 in.)
Type:
ART-Posters, Original Art Quality
Country of Origin:
United States of America
Summary:
This poster is one of a series about Project Mercury likely produced by NASA or the National Geographic Society in 1963/64. This particular poster covers capsule equipment. It was found in the collection of the National Air and Space Museum.
Credit Line:
Found in collection
Inventory Number:
A20150450000
Rights:
Do not reproduce without permission from the Smithsonian Institution, National Air and Space Museum
See more items in:
National Air and Space Museum Collection
Data Source:
National Air and Space Museum

Modify Your Search






or


Narrow By
Filter results to a specific time period.