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Primate Capsule, Mercury

Manufacturer:
McDonnell Aircraft Corp.
Materials:
Aluminum and Fiberglass
Dimensions:
Overall: 40 in. tall x 20 in. wide x 16 in. deep (101.6 x 50.8 x 40.6cm)
Type:
SPACECRAFT-Manned-Test Vehicles
Country of Origin:
United States of America
Credit Line:
Transferred from the National Aeronautics and Space Administration
Inventory Number:
A19731161000
Rights:
Do not reproduce without permission from the Smithsonian Institution, National Air and Space Museum
Summary:
The Mercury Project was the first U.S. human spaceflight program, with the aim of putting one man in orbit. Prior to the flights of the astronauts, chimpanzees were used to better understand the effects of acceleration and weightlessness on the human body. Instead of a spacesuit, these chimps had a pressurized capsule that allowed them to breathe even in case of a failure of spacecraft cabin pressure. The chimp was strapped into a couch inside the capsule and had to operate a system of levers and lights to test its reactions to flight. It was rewarded with banana pellets or a drink of water, or punished with mild electrical shocks, for taking the right or wrong actions.
This primate capsule was used during the Mercury program, but it is not known whether it was on one of the two 1961 chimpanzee spaceflights. In 1971 the NASA Manned Spacecraft Center in Houston transferred this artifact to the Smithsonian.
See more items in:
National Air and Space Museum Collection
Data Source:
National Air and Space Museum
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Mercury MA-6 Flight "Friendship 7", Databook (Flight Maps) (NASM Artifact); Glenn, John H., Jr.. [photograph]

Photographer:
Unknown
Type:
Photographs
Date:
December 1962
Topic:
Astronautics
Space flight
Project Mercury (U.S.)
Local number:
NASM-7B02658
Summary:
Map from flight notebook used by astronaut John Glenn on flight of Mercury "Friendship 7" on February 20, 1962; Mercury Orbital Chart MOC-3 published by USAF (December 1961), world chart with printed orbital routes, plus grease pencil and marker annotations noting the latest information available immediately prior to the flight. "Map 3" shows eastern Africa, southern Asia, the Indian Ocean, and Western Australia.
See more items in:
Videodisc Imagery Collection
Data Source:
National Air and Space Museum Archives
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Mercury MA-6 Flight "Friendship 7", Databook (Flight Maps) (NASM Artifact); Glenn, John H., Jr.. [photograph]

Photographer:
Unknown
Type:
Photographs
Date:
December 1961
Topic:
Astronautics
Space flight
Project Mercury (U.S.)
Local number:
NASM-7B02659
Summary:
Map from flight notebook used by astronaut John Glenn on flight of Mercury "Friendship 7" on February 20, 1962; Mercury Orbital Chart MOC-3 published by USAF (December 1961), world chart with printed orbital routes, plus grease pencil and marker annotations noting the latest information available immediately prior to the flight. "Map 4" shows southeast Asia, Australia, and the southwest Pacific Ocean.
See more items in:
Videodisc Imagery Collection
Data Source:
National Air and Space Museum Archives
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Photograph, Project Mercury Astronauts

Maker:
Avedon, Richard
Physical Description:
paper (overall material)
Measurements:
overall: 71 cm x 71 cm; 27 15/16 in x 27 15/16 in
Object Name:
photograph
Date made:
1961
Subject:
Photography
ID Number:
PG*67.102.051
Catalog number:
67.102.51
Accession number:
270571
Description:
Gus Grissom, Alan Shepard, and John Glenn were three of the astronauts involved in the United States' first man-in-space program to successfully orbit a manned spacecraft around the earth.
Location:
Currently not on view
See more items in:
Culture and the Arts: Photographic History
Data Source:
National Museum of American History, Kenneth E. Behring Center
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Mercury MA-6 Flight "Friendship 7", Databook (Flight Maps) (NASM Artifact); Glenn, John H., Jr.. [photograph]

Photographer:
Unknown
Type:
Photographs
Date:
December 1961
Topic:
Astronautics
Space flight
Project Mercury (U.S.)
Local number:
NASM-7B02656
Summary:
Map from flight notebook used by astronaut John Glenn on flight of Mercury "Friendship 7" on February 20, 1962; Mercury Orbital Chart MOC-3 published by USAF (December 1961), world chart with printed orbital routes, plus grease pencil and marker annotations noting the latest information available immediately prior to the flight. "Map 1" shows portions of North and South America, plus the southeastern Pacific Ocean. Includes typed "Day Side Check List" and call signs [?] for radio contacts in Areas F, G, and H.
See more items in:
Videodisc Imagery Collection
Data Source:
National Air and Space Museum Archives
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Mercury MA-6 Flight "Friendship 7", Databook (Flight Maps) (NASM Artifact); Glenn, John H., Jr.. [photograph]

Photographer:
Unknown
Type:
Photographs
Date:
December 1961
Topic:
Astronautics
Space flight
Project Mercury (U.S.)
Local number:
NASM-7B02657
Summary:
Map from flight notebook used by astronaut John Glenn on flight of Mercury "Friendship 7" on February 20, 1962; Mercury Orbital Chart MOC-3 published by USAF (December 1961), world chart with printed orbital routes, plus grease pencil and marker annotations noting the latest information available immediately prior to the flight. "Map 2" shows northern South America, the South Atlantic Ocean, and Africa. Includes typed "Day Side Check List" and call signs [?] for radio contacts in the Atlantic Area.
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Videodisc Imagery Collection
Data Source:
National Air and Space Museum Archives
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Visitors looking at Project Mercury Capsule, National Air Museum

Author:
Unknown
Subject:
National Air Museum (U.S.)
National Air and Space Museum
McDonnell Aircraft Company
Project Mercury (U.S.)
South Yard
Physical description:
Color: Black and White; Size: 8w x 10h; Type of Image: Exhibit; Medium: Photographic print
Type:
Photographic print
Exhibit
Date:
1961
Topic:
Mercury Capsule
Models and modelmaking
Space vehicles
Museum visitors
Exhibitions
Quonset Hut
Children
Standard number:
2002-12191
Restrictions:
No restrictions
Category:
Historic Images of the Smithsonian
Notes:
Original negative number is 47800, but that negative has been lost.
Summary:
Two young visitors looking at a model of the Mercury Capsule on display in the National Air Museum, now the National Air and Space Museum. The model was given to the Museum on March 29, 1961 because of the great public interest in the Mercury Space Program. The 1/3 scale model of the Mercury Capsule is completely equipped with escape tower, retro-rockets, interior fittings, and a model of an astronaut. The display was built and given to the Museum by the McDonnell Aircraft Corporation of St. Louis, the prime contractors for the capsules for the Mercury Project.
Contained within:
Smithsonian Institution Archives Record Unit 95 Box 41 Folder 22
Contact information:
Institutional History Division, Smithsonian Institution Archives, 600 Maryland Avenue, S.W., Washington, D.C. 20024-2520, SIHistory@si.edu
Data Source:
Smithsonian Archives - History Div
Visitor Tag(s):

Capsule, Mercury, MA-6

Astronaut:
John H. Glenn, Jr.
Manufacturer:
McDonnell Aircraft Corp.
Materials:
Skin & Structure: Titanium
Heat shield: Phenolic resin, fiberglass
Shingles: Nickel-steel alloy; berylium shingles removed
Dimensions:
Overall: 92 × 75 in., 1930lb. (233.7 × 190.5cm, 875.4kg)
Type:
SPACECRAFT-Manned
Country of Origin:
United States of America
Credit Line:
Transferred from the National Aeronautics and Space Administration
Inventory Number:
A19670176000
Rights:
Do not reproduce without permission from the Smithsonian Institution, National Air and Space Museum
Summary:
In this historic capsule, John H. Glenn Jr. became the first American to orbit the Earth. Glenn's flight was the third manned mission of Project Mercury, following two suborbital flights by astronauts in 1961. Glenn's three-orbit mission on February 20, 1962, was a sterling success, as he overcame problems with the automatic control system that would have ended an unmanned flight. But reentry was tense, as a faulty telemetry signal from the spacecraft indicated that the heat shield might be loose. Mission Control instructed Glenn not to jettison the retrorocket package after firing in order to better hold the heat shield in place. Glenn reentered successfully and splashed down in the Atlantic 4 hours, 55 minutes and 23 seconds after launch.
NASA transferred Friendship 7 to the Smithsonian Institution in 1963, which has exhibited it in buildings on the National Mall ever since.
See more items in:
National Air and Space Museum Collection
Location:
National Air and Space Museum, Washington, DC
Exhibition:
Boeing Milestones of Flight Hall
Data Source:
National Air and Space Museum
Visitor Tag(s):

Additional Online Media:

4c Project Mercury single

Scott Catalogue USA 1193
Printer:
Bureau of Engraving and Printing
Medium:
paper; ink (dark blue, yellow); adhesive / engraving
Type:
Postage Stamps
Place:
United States of America
Date:
February 20, 1962
Topic:
Space Exploration & the Universe
Technology & Inventions
Science
Object number:
1980.2493.5406
Description:
This Project Mercury Issue stamp commemorates the first orbital flight of a United States astronaut. Project Mercury was the first human spaceflight program of the United States, run by the National Aeronautics and Space Administration. It was influenced by the space race with the Soviet Union that began in 1957 when they launched the first artificial satellite, Sputnik I. The stamp features an image of “Friendship I” capsule above the Earth. “Friendship I” was manned by Lieutenant Colonel John Glenn, Jr, who was the first American in orbit.
United States; Soviet Union; Project Mercury; NASA; mission; space race; John Glenn; space; Earth; globe; stars; orbit; man; Friendship; satellite; capsule
See more items in:
National Postal Museum Collection
Data Source:
National Postal Museum
Visitor Tag(s):

Glove, Left, Mercury, Shepard, Anthropomorphic

Astronaut:
Alan B. Shepard Jr.
Manufacturer:
B. F. Goodrich Co.
Materials:
Exterior: Aluminized nylon, aluminium
Interior: No interior pressure bladder
Zipper: Brass, cotton
Wrist locking rings and bearings: Aluminium
Dimensions:
Approximate: 10 × 62 × 20 in. (25.4 × 157.5 × 50.8cm)
Type:
PERSONAL EQUIPMENT-Handwear
Country of Origin:
United States of America
Credit Line:
Transferred from NASA - Manned Spacecraft Center
Inventory Number:
A19620022003
Rights:
Do not reproduce without permission from the Smithsonian Institution, National Air and Space Museum
Summary:
This spacesuit was constructed to provide a realistic display of astronaut Alan Shepard. Alan Shepard was launched in Freedom 7 on May 5, 1961, a flight lasting approximately 15 minutes. It was the first manned mission of the US Space program.
As the suit was constructed for display purposes only, it has an exterior, but no interior layer. However, like the mission and training suits, it was manufactured by the B.F. Goodrich Company which were developed from the U.S. Navy MK- IV full pressure suit, was selected by NASA in 1959 for use in the Project Mercury.
Transferred from NASA - Manned Spacecraft Center in 1962.
See more items in:
National Air and Space Museum Collection
Data Source:
National Air and Space Museum
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Bracelet, Charm, Mercury and Gemini

Title: Bracelet, Charm, Mercury and Gemini
Materials:
Gold
Dimensions:
3-D (Bracelet, approximate): 15.2 × 4.8 × 1cm (6 × 1 7/8 × 3/8 in.)
Storage: 8.3 × 11.1 × 2.5cm (3 1/4 × 4 3/8 × 1 in.)
Type:
MEMORABILIA-People
Country of Origin:
United States
Credit Line:
Gift of Sally Foster-Chang in memory of her parents: Bob and Toni Foster
Inventory Number:
A20050074000
Rights:
Do not reproduce without permission from the Smithsonian Institution, National Air and Space Museum
Summary:
This charm bracelet was assembled by Antoinette "Toni" Foster, the wife of Robert L. "Bob" Foster, a McDonnell Aircraft Corporation engineer, while she lived in Florida during the years that Bob Foster worked at Cape Kennedy. Foster brought his wife the space-themed charms in celebration of space projects and programs in which he participated (and to make up for being away so much while he worked). The two engraved charms were presented to Mrs. Foster by classes at the Florida schools where she taught.
This one-of-a-kind artifact provides a glimpse into the lives of the wives of engineers who worked long hours in order to meet the deadlines required for space projects. Because this bracelet also includes charms associated with local schools, it also illustrates the larger community in which space work was embedded.
The Fosters' daughter, Sally Foster-Chang, donated the bracelet to the National Collection in 2005.
See more items in:
National Air and Space Museum Collection
Data Source:
National Air and Space Museum
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Acalypha gracilens A. Gray

Biogeographical Region:
78 - Southeastern U.S.A.
Place:
1 m. N of Tallahassee, Leon, Florida, United States, North America
Collection Date:
15 Oct 1956
Common name:
slender threeseed mercury
Taxonomy:
Plantae Dicotyledonae Euphorbiales Euphorbiaceae
Published Name:
Acalypha gracilens A. Gray
Barcode:
01281530
USNM Number:
2512547
Specimen Count:
1
Crowdsourcing:
Available for transcription
Record Last Modified:
20 Jul 2015
See more items in:
Flowering plants and ferns
Crowdsourcing Project
Botany
Data Source:
NMNH - Botany Dept.
Visitor Tag(s):

Acalypha gracilens A. Gray

Biogeographical Region:
78 - Southeastern U.S.A.
Collector:
Collector unknown
Place:
Miles, South Carolina, United States, North America
Collection Date:
Aug 1869
Common name:
slender threeseed mercury
Taxonomy:
Plantae Dicotyledonae Euphorbiales Euphorbiaceae
Published Name:
Acalypha gracilens A. Gray
Barcode:
01281568
Specimen Count:
1
Crowdsourcing:
Available for transcription
Record Last Modified:
20 Jul 2015
See more items in:
Flowering plants and ferns
Crowdsourcing Project
Botany
Data Source:
NMNH - Botany Dept.
Visitor Tag(s):

4c Project Mercury plate proof

Scott Catalogue USA 1193
Printer:
Bureau of Engraving and Printing
Medium:
paper; ink (dark blue & yellow) / engraving
Type:
Bureau Plate Proofs
Place:
United States of America
Date:
October 16, 1961
Topic:
Space Exploration & the Universe
Object number:
0.245468.14
Description:
Certified plate proofs are the last printed proof of the plate before printing the stamps at the Bureau of Engraving and Printing. These plate proofs are each unique, with the approval signatures and date. For postal scholars these plates provide important production information in the plate margin inscriptions, including guidelines, plate numbers, and initials of the siderographer, or person who created the plate from a transfer roll.
Plate No.27065
Denomination: 4c
Subject: "Friendship 7" Capsule and Globe, Project Mercury Issue
Color: dark blue & yellow
See more items in:
National Postal Museum Collection
Data Source:
National Postal Museum
Visitor Tag(s):

4c Project Mercury plate proof

Scott Catalogue USA 1193
Printer:
Bureau of Engraving and Printing
Medium:
paper; ink (dark blue & yellow) / engraving
Type:
Bureau Plate Proofs
Place:
United States of America
Date:
October 23, 1961
Object number:
0.258777.129
Description:
Certified plate proofs are the last printed proof of the plate before printing the stamps at the Bureau of Engraving and Printing. These plate proofs are each unique, with the approval signatures and date. For postal scholars these plates provide important production information in the plate margin inscriptions, including guidelines, plate numbers, and initials of the siderographer, or person who created the plate from a transfer roll.
Plate No.27608
Denomination: 4c
Subject: "Friendship 7" Capsule and Globe, Project Mercury Issue
Color: dark blue & yellow
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National Postal Museum Collection
Data Source:
National Postal Museum
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Medal, Commemorative, Project Mercury, Vienna Mint

Manufacturer:
Vienna Mint
Materials:
Silver
Dimensions:
3-D: 3.2cm (1 1/4 in.)
Type:
MEMORABILIA-Events
Country of Origin:
Austria
Credit Line:
Gift of Thomas Becker
Inventory Number:
A19731520000
Rights:
Do not reproduce without permission from the Smithsonian Institution, National Air and Space Museum
Summary:
This Project Mercury commemorative medal was struck by the Vienna Mint. Project Mercury was NASA's first human spaceflight program. Alan Shepard, Virgil I. "Gus" Grissom, John Glenn, and M. Scott Carpenter were the first four astronauts to fly in the program. Alan Shepard was the first American in space in a suborbital flight in May 1961, and Gus Grissom was the second in another suborbital flight in July 1961. John Glenn became the first American to orbit the Earth in February 1962, and Scott Carpenter was the second in May 1962.
Space medal collector Thomas Becker donated this medal to the National Collectioin in 1972.
See more items in:
National Air and Space Museum Collection
Location:
Steven F. Udvar-Hazy Center, Chantilly, VA
Hangar:
James S. McDonnell Space Hangar
Data Source:
National Air and Space Museum
Visitor Tag(s):

Acalypha gracilens A. Gray

Biogeographical Region:
78 - Southeastern U.S.A.
Collector:
-- Buckley
Place:
Georgia, United States, North America
Common name:
slender threeseed mercury
Taxonomy:
Plantae Dicotyledonae Euphorbiales Euphorbiaceae
Published Name:
Acalypha gracilens A. Gray
Barcode:
01281545
USNM Number:
1434127
Specimen Count:
1
Crowdsourcing:
Available for transcription
Record Last Modified:
20 Jul 2015
See more items in:
Flowering plants and ferns
Crowdsourcing Project
Botany
Data Source:
NMNH - Botany Dept.
Visitor Tag(s):

Acalypha virginica L.

Biogeographical Region:
78 - Southeastern U.S.A.
Collector:
Mohr, C. T. (herbarium)
Place:
Amite River [?], Louisiana, United States, North America
Common name:
Virginia threeseed mercury
Taxonomy:
Plantae Dicotyledonae Euphorbiales Euphorbiaceae
Published Name:
Acalypha virginica L.
Barcode:
01282006
USNM Number:
774121
Specimen Count:
1
Crowdsourcing:
Available for transcription
Record Last Modified:
20 Jul 2015
See more items in:
Flowering plants and ferns
Crowdsourcing Project
Botany
Data Source:
NMNH - Botany Dept.
Visitor Tag(s):

Acalypha gracilens A. Gray

Biogeographical Region:
78 - Southeastern U.S.A.
Collector:
E. Baker
Place:
Auburn, Lee, Alabama, United States, North America
Collection Date:
2 Oct 1897
Common name:
slender threeseed mercury
Taxonomy:
Plantae Dicotyledonae Euphorbiales Euphorbiaceae
Published Name:
Acalypha gracilens A. Gray
Barcode:
01281515
USNM Number:
2661489
Specimen Count:
1
Crowdsourcing:
Available for transcription
Record Last Modified:
20 Jul 2015
See more items in:
Flowering plants and ferns
Crowdsourcing Project
Botany
Data Source:
NMNH - Botany Dept.
Visitor Tag(s):

Acalypha gracilens A. Gray

Biogeographical Region:
78 - Southeastern U.S.A.
Collector:
A. Fredholm
Place:
Hillsborough, Florida, United States, North America
Collection Date:
28 Nov 1904
Common name:
slender threeseed mercury
Taxonomy:
Plantae Dicotyledonae Euphorbiales Euphorbiaceae
Published Name:
Acalypha gracilens A. Gray
Barcode:
01281526
USNM Number:
837258
Specimen Count:
1
Crowdsourcing:
Available for transcription
Record Last Modified:
20 Jul 2015
See more items in:
Flowering plants and ferns
Crowdsourcing Project
Botany
Data Source:
NMNH - Botany Dept.
Visitor Tag(s):

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