United States Office of Indian Affairs Pine Ridge Agency
Brennan, John R. Major d. 1919
36 leaves ; 15 x 9 inches
Indians of North America Great Plains
Oglala Sioux Tribe of the Pine Ridge Reservation, South Dakota
The Pine Ridge Reservation was originally part of the Great Sioux Reservation established by the Fort Laramie Treaty of 1868, which encompassed approximately 60 million acres of parts of South Dakota, Nebraska and Wyoming. In 1876, the U.S. government violated the treaty of 1868 by opening up 7.7 million acres of the Black Hills to homesteaders and private interests. In 1889 the government divided the remaining area of Great Sioux Reservation into seven separate reservations, including the Pine Ridge Reservation. Major John R. Brennan (d. 1919) was superintendent of Pine Ridge from 1900 to 1917.
This collection is comprised of a census of the Oglala Sioux at the Pine Ridge Agency, South Dakota, taken on June 30, 1904 by Indian agent Major John R. Brennan. The census consists of 938 handwritten entries on 36 leaves.
Manuscript 1999-24, National Anthropological Archives, Smithsonian Institution
Sitting left to right: Black Bear, Little Wound, Black Bird, High Hawk, and Conquering Bear; standing left to right: Hard Heart, Lone Bear, Jack Red Cloud, Shot In The Eye, and Last Horse.
Studio portrait. "[Orig. No.] 346. Copy 1899 by Heyen Photo. Omaha / Black Bear, Hard Heart, Little Wound, Lone Bear, Black Bird, High Hawk, Jack Red Cloud, Shot in the Eye, Conquering Bear, Last Horse / Little Wound & Chiefs Ogallala Sioux," appears handwritten on face of print.
Negative 57076, National Anthropological Archives, Smithsonian Institution