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Alexander Alland, Sr., Photoprints, 1932-1943

view Alexander Alland, Sr., Photoprints, 1932-1943 digital asset number 1
Donor:
Alland, Alexander Sr (Alexander Landschaft) 1902-1989
Interviewer:
Salo, Matt Dr.
Ostroff, Eugene (NMAH Curator) d. 1999
Ahlborn, Richard E
Microfilmer:
Haberstich, David E 1941-
Subject:
Kaslov, Steve King of the Red Bandanna Romany Gypsies ca. 1888-1949
Davis, Earl
Commandment Keepers
China Daily News
United States Works Progress Administration
Physical description:
Silver gelatin on paper, 8" x 10", some with linen mounts
0.25 cu. ft.: 4 boxes
Culture:
Black Jews 1930-1940 New York (State)
Swedish Americans 1930-1940 New York (State)
Yugoslav Americans 1930-1940 New York (State)
Chinese Americans
Armenian Americans 1930-1940 New York (State)
African Americans 1930-1940 New York (State)
African Americans 1930-1940 Virgin Islands
Romany Gypsies 1930-1940 New York (State)
Red Bandanna Romany Gypsies 1930-1940 New York (N.Y.)
Mohawk Indians 1930-1940 New York (N.Y.)
Gypsies Romany 1930-1940 New York (N.Y.)
Italian Americans
Korean Americans 1930-1940 New York (N.Y.)
Mexican Americans 1930-1940 New York (N.Y.)
Norwegian Americans
Scottish Americans 1930-1940 New York (N.Y.)
Syrian Americans 1930-1940 New York (N.Y.)
Welsh Americans 1930-1940 New York (N.Y.)
Indians Mohawk 1930-1940 New York (N.Y.)
Turkish Americans 1930-1940 New York (N.Y.)
Russian Americans
Morroccan Americans 1930-1940 New York (N.Y.)
Luxembourg Americans 1930-1940 New York (N.Y.)
Japanese Americans 1930-1940 New York (N.Y.)
Irish Americans
Haitian Americans 1930-1940 New York (N.Y.)
Filipino Americans 1930-1940 New York (N.Y.)
Finnish Americans
Estonian Americans 1930-1940 New York (N.Y.)
Dutch Americans 1930-1940 New York (N.Y.)
Type:
Audio cassettes
Collection descriptions
Photographs
Interviews
Oral history
Place:
New York N.Y
New York (State)
New York
New York (N.Y.)
Virgin Islands
United States
Bowery (New York, N.Y.)
Chinatown (New York, N.Y.)
St. Thomas (Virgin Islands)
Date:
1932
1932-1943
1930-1940
1930-1950
1980-1990
1900-1950
1980-2000
Notes:
Born Sevastopol, Crimea, Russia, Aug. 6, 1902; last name originally Landschaft. At 12 built own camera and assisted a professional photographer. Relocated in Constantinople (Istanbul), Turkey, apprenticed to a photographer (1920), then opened own portrait studio. Emigrated to U.S. 1923, working in photo-finishing businesses and home portraiture. Became well-known as photographer of New York ethnic groups, 1930s; published books on subject. Amateur photographic historian; located the Jacob Riis negative collection and made it available, and published monographs on Riis, Jessie Tarbox Beals, and Heinrich Tonnies.
Summary:
Series 1: 273 photoprints, most ca. 1932-1943, taken primarily in the Virgin Islands and New York City. The Virgin Islands series was made on a special documentary project in 1939; the New York photographs relate to Alland's largely self-assigned documentation of ethnic and religious groups, including the "Red Bandanna" Romany Gypsy group in the Bowery, a black Jewish congregation (the Commandment Keepers, whose synagogue was located above a drugstore at 128th Street and Lenox Avenue), Mohawk Indians in Brooklyn, and many other groups, listed below. The "Judaism" folder contains New York scenes plus views of a Virgin Islands synagogue, with related images in the Virgin Islands folder.
Series 2: Four audiotape cassettes, interviews with Alland, 1985 (by Richard Ahlborn, Eugene Ostroff, and Matt Salo), and 1986 (by Richard Ahlborn and David Haberstich).
Cite as:
Alexander Alland, Sr., Photoprints, 1932-1943, Archives Center, National Museum of American History. Gift of the artist
Topic:
Ethnic costume
Pluralism
Chinese drama
Ethnic groups
Judaism--Customs and practices
Religious and ecclesiastical institutions
Poverty
Churches
Synagogues
Newspapers
Printing
Housing
Singers
Buddhism
Muslims
Catholic Church--Liturgy
Protestant churches
Minorities--Housing
Falashas
Immigrants
Fortune-tellers--Gypsies
Coppersmiths
Clergy
Printers--Chinese-Americans
Local number:
1986.3102 (NMAH Acc.)
Data Source:
Archives Center - NMAH
Additional Online Media:

Sash/Belt

view Sash/Belt digital asset number 1
Media/Materials:
Wool yarn, glass bead/beads, thread
Techniques:
Fingerwoven
Dimensions:
276 x 12 cm
Culture/People:
Iroquois
Object Type:
Clothing/Garments: Accessories
Place:
New York; USA (inferred)
Date Created:
circa 1870
Collection History:
Formerly in the collection of Joseph W. Keppler (1872-1956, long-time friend of George Heye); acquired by Heye in 1910.
Catalog Number:
2/9675
See more items in:
Ethnographic Items
On View:
The George Gustav Heye Center, New York, NY
Data Source:
National Museum of the American Indian
Additional Online Media:

Birdstone (throwing stick/atlatl weight)

view Birdstone (throwing stick/atlatl weight) digital asset number 1
Media/Materials:
Banded slate
Techniques:
Pecked, ground, polished, drilled
Dimensions:
9 x 2.5 x 3.5 cm
Culture/People:
probably Late Archaic Tradition or Early Woodland Tradition (archaeological culture) (attributed)
Object Type:
Hunting/Fishing/Warfare
Place:
Watertown; Jefferson County; New York; USA
Date Created:
2500 BC-AD 400
Collection History:
Collected by E.M. Jackson at an unknown date; acquired by George Heye/MAI in 1916.
Catalog Number:
5/4385
See more items in:
Archaeological Items
On View:
The George Gustav Heye Center, New York, NY
Data Source:
National Museum of the American Indian
Additional Online Media:

Doll with cradle/cradleboard

view Doll with cradle/cradleboard digital asset number 1
Artists/Makers:
Richard Chrisjohn (Dick Chrisjohn), Oneida [New York], 1921-1991
Donor:
Sonia Grodka Blumenthal, Non-Indian
Harry W. Blumenthal, Non-Indian
Media/Materials:
Wood, cotton cloth, commercial leather thong
Techniques:
Carved, sewn, wrapped, laced
Dimensions:
43.2 x 17.8 cm
Culture/People:
Oneida [New York]
Object Type:
Games, Toys, Gambling: Dolls
Place:
New York; USA
Date Created:
Doll: 1890-1930; cradleboard: circa 1970
Collection History:
Collection history unknown; formerly in the collection of Helen Pep Grodka (1898-1982); donated to MAI by Sonia Grodka Blumenthal (her daughter) and Harry W. Blumenthal circa 1983.
Catalog Number:
25/1279
See more items in:
Ethnographic Items
On View:
The George Gustav Heye Center, New York, NY
Data Source:
National Museum of the American Indian
Additional Online Media:

Headstall

view Headstall digital asset number 1
Media/Materials:
Commercially tanned leather, silver
Techniques:
Hammered, stamped
Dimensions:
47 x 17 cm
Culture/People:
Diné (Navajo)
Object Type:
Animal Tack and Animal Husbandry
Place:
Arizona, New Mexico; USA (inferred)
Date Created:
1880-1890
Collection History:
Collection history unknown; formerly in the collection of Frank M. Covert (1858-ca. 1930, a New York dealer); purchased by George Heye in 1906.
Catalog Number:
1/473
See more items in:
Ethnographic Items
On View:
The George Gustav Heye Center, New York, NY
Data Source:
National Museum of the American Indian
Additional Online Media:

Female doll

view Female doll digital asset number 1
Media/Materials:
Cotton cloth, unknown stuffing
Techniques:
Sewn
Dimensions:
18.5 x 14.5 x 4.00 cm
Culture/People:
Catawba
Object Type:
Games, Toys, Gambling: Dolls
Place:
Rock Hill; York County; South Carolina; USA
Date Created:
circa 1930
Collection History:
Collected by anthropologist Frank G. Speck (1881-1951) at an unknown date; purchased by MAI in 1941.
Catalog Number:
20/5058
See more items in:
Ethnographic Items
On View:
The George Gustav Heye Center, New York, NY
Data Source:
National Museum of the American Indian
Additional Online Media:

Ear spool

view Ear spool digital asset number 1
Donor:
John S. Williams (John Stanton Williams), Non-Indian, 1901-1982
Media/Materials:
Jadeite
Techniques:
Cut, ground, drilled, polished
Dimensions:
2 x 3.5 cm
Culture/People:
Unknown archaeological culture
Object Type:
Adornment/Jewelry
Place:
Guatemala
Date Created:
1500 BC-AD 1500
Collection History:
Collection history unknown; formerly in the collection of John S. Williams (1901-1982, New York City stockbroker and MAI trustee); donated to MAI in 1960.
Catalog Number:
22/8494
See more items in:
Archaeological Items
On View:
The George Gustav Heye Center, New York, NY
Data Source:
National Museum of the American Indian
Additional Online Media:

Man's pants

view Man's pants digital asset number 1
Media/Materials:
Cotton cloth, cotton embroidery floss, cotton thread
Techniques:
Sewn, embroidered
Dimensions:
106 x 89 cm
Culture/People:
Wixarika (Huichol)
Object Type:
Clothing/Garments
Place:
Nayarit State; Mexico
Date Created:
1970-1975
Collection History:
Collected by Elaine Solow, probably during trips to Mexico to purchase crafts for a New York City boutique; purchased by MAI in 1975.
Catalog Number:
25/83
See more items in:
Ethnographic Items
On View:
The George Gustav Heye Center, New York, NY
Data Source:
National Museum of the American Indian
Additional Online Media:

Bead/beads

view Bead/beads digital asset number 1
Media/Materials:
Jade
Techniques:
Cut, ground, drilled, polished
Dimensions:
3 x 1 cm
Culture/People:
Unknown archaeological culture
Object Type:
Adornment/Jewelry
Place:
Oaxaca State; Mexico
Date Created:
1500 BC-AD 1520
Collection History:
Collected or excavated in 1904-1905 by Benjamin T. Gilbert (1872-ca. 1960, later the owner of a drug company in Utica, New York) while travelling in Mexico; presumably purchased by George Heye in 1907.
Catalog Number:
1/2576
See more items in:
Archaeological Items
On View:
The George Gustav Heye Center, New York, NY
Data Source:
National Museum of the American Indian
Additional Online Media:

Vessel

view Vessel digital asset number 1
Media/Materials:
Pottery, paint
Techniques:
Coiled/hand built, modeled, incised
Dimensions:
33 x 34.3 cm
Culture/People:
probably Paracas (archaeological culture) (attributed)
Object Type:
Containers and Vessels
Place:
Juan Pablo, Río Ica valley; Ica Province; Ica Region; Peru
Site Name:
Juan Pablo, Río Ica valley
Date Created:
200 BC-AD 1
Collection History:
Collection history unknown; formerly in the collection of Walter Randel (Walter Randel Gallery, New York); acquired by MAI via an exchange with Randel in 1965.
Catalog Number:
23/5500
See more items in:
Archaeological Items
On View:
The George Gustav Heye Center, New York, NY
Data Source:
National Museum of the American Indian
Additional Online Media:

Snuff spoon

view Snuff spoon digital asset number 1
Media/Materials:
Jadeite
Techniques:
Carved, ground, drilled
Dimensions:
14 x 3 cm
Culture/People:
probably Olmec (archaeological culture) (attributed)
Object Type:
Pipes and Smoking
Place:
Oaxaca State; Mexico
Date Created:
900-600 BC
Collection History:
Collection history unknown; purchased by George Heye from an unknown source in 1910.
Catalog Number:
2/6664
See more items in:
Archaeological Items
On View:
The George Gustav Heye Center, New York, NY
Data Source:
National Museum of the American Indian
Additional Online Media:

Pipe bowl

view Pipe bowl digital asset number 1
Media/Materials:
Stone
Techniques:
Pecked, ground, incised, drilled
Dimensions:
10 x 7 x 3 cm
Culture/People:
probably Iroquoian (archaeological culture) (attributed)
Object Type:
Pipes and Smoking
Place:
Battle Island, Oswego River; Oswego County; New York; USA
Site Name:
Battle Island, Oswego River
Island Name:
Battle Island
Date Created:
AD 1600-1700
Collection History:
Collection history unknown; purchased by MAI from an unknown source in 1936.
Catalog Number:
19/1430
See more items in:
Archaeological Items
On View:
The George Gustav Heye Center, New York, NY
Data Source:
National Museum of the American Indian
Additional Online Media:

Bifacial tool/projectile point

view Bifacial tool/projectile point digital asset number 1
Donor:
Mrs. R. H. Schwab, Non-Indian
Mrs. F. S. Lee, Non-Indian
Media/Materials:
Chert
Techniques:
Flaked/chipped, fluted
Dimensions:
8 x 3 cm
Culture/People:
probably Paleoindian Tradition: Clovis (archaeological culture) (attributed)
Object Type:
Tools and Equipment (General)
Place:
South Bay; Washington County; New York; USA
Date Created:
12,000-8000 BC
Collection History:
Collection history unknown; formerly in the collection of Dr. Edgar Burke (1889-1950); donated to MAI by Mrs. F.S. Lee and Mrs. R.H. Schwab in 1952.
Catalog Number:
22/277
See more items in:
Archaeological Items
On View:
The George Gustav Heye Center, New York, NY
Data Source:
National Museum of the American Indian
Additional Online Media:

Cradleboard

view Cradleboard digital asset number 1
Donor:
Viking Fund, Incorporated (The Wenner-Gren Foundation for Anthropological Research, Inc.), 1941-
Media/Materials:
Wood, paint, hide thong/babiche
Techniques:
Carved, drilled, pegged, painted
Dimensions:
34 x 33.5 x 79 cm
Culture/People:
Mohawk
Object Type:
Transportation Items: Baby carriers
Place:
Ontario, Québec, New York; Canada, USA (inferred)
Date Created:
1850-1880
Collection History:
Collection history unknown; formerly in the collection of the Viking Fund, Inc. (The Wenner-Gren Foundation for Anthropological Research, Inc.); donated to MAI in 1947.
Catalog Number:
21/441
See more items in:
Ethnographic Items
On View:
The George Gustav Heye Center, New York, NY
Data Source:
National Museum of the American Indian
Additional Online Media:

Male doll

view Male doll digital asset number 1
Media/Materials:
Cotton cloth, wool cloth, silk cloth, glass bead/beads, embroidery floss
Techniques:
Sewn, embroidered, overlay beadwork
Dimensions:
19 x 14 x 3 cm
Culture/People:
Iroquois
Object Type:
Games, Toys, Gambling: Dolls
Place:
Ontario, Québec, New York; Canada, USA (inferred)
Date Created:
1870-1910
Collection History:
Collection history unknown; formerly in the collection of the George Hail Free Library (Warren, Rhode Island); acquired by MAI via an exchange in 1919.
Catalog Number:
9/1519
See more items in:
Ethnographic Items
On View:
The George Gustav Heye Center, New York, NY
Data Source:
National Museum of the American Indian
Additional Online Media:

Burden strap

view Burden strap digital asset number 1
Media/Materials:
Hemp, moosehair, glass bead/beads, dye/dyes
Techniques:
Dyed, twined, false-embroidered, edge beaded, braided
Dimensions:
503 x 6 cm
Culture/People:
Mohawk
Object Type:
Tools and Equipment (General)
Place:
New York; USA
Date Created:
1760-1800
Collection History:
Formerly in the collection of author and poet E. Pauline Johnson (Tekahionwake, Six Nations Mohawk, 1861-1913); acquired by George Heye in 1910.
Catalog Number:
2/5326
See more items in:
Ethnographic Items
On View:
The George Gustav Heye Center, New York, NY
Data Source:
National Museum of the American Indian
Additional Online Media:

Birdstone (throwing stick/atlatl weight)

view Birdstone (throwing stick/atlatl weight) digital asset number 1
Media/Materials:
Porphyry
Techniques:
Pecked, ground, drilled
Dimensions:
11 x 4 x 2 cm
Culture/People:
probably Late Archaic Tradition or Early Woodland Tradition (archaeological culture) (attributed)
Object Type:
Hunting/Fishing/Warfare
Place:
Schenectady; Schenectady County; New York; USA
Date Created:
2500 BC-AD 400
Collection History:
Collection history unknown; formerly in the collection of Isaac McGirk Mitchell (1868-ca. 1940, collector living in St. Louis, Missouri); acquired by MAI in 1918.
Catalog Number:
7/4409
See more items in:
Archaeological Items
On View:
The George Gustav Heye Center, New York, NY
Data Source:
National Museum of the American Indian
Additional Online Media:

Spoon/Ladle

view Spoon/Ladle digital asset number 1
Media/Materials:
Wood
Techniques:
Carved, cutout
Dimensions:
18 x 11 cm
Culture/People:
Seneca
Object Type:
Food/Beverage Serving
Place:
Tonawanda Reservation; Niagara County, Erie County, Genesee County; New York; USA
Date Created:
circa 1870
Collection History:
Collection history unknown; formerly in the collection of Joseph W. Keppler (1872-1956, long-time friend of George Heye); acquired by Heye in 1926.
Catalog Number:
14/5688
See more items in:
Ethnographic Items
On View:
The George Gustav Heye Center, New York, NY
Data Source:
National Museum of the American Indian
Additional Online Media:

Man's leggings

view Man's leggings digital asset number 1
Media/Materials:
Deerhide/deerskin, porcupine quills, silk ribbon, glass bead/beads, dye/dyes, thread
Techniques:
Sewn, appliquéd, dyed, quill embroidered, edge beaded
Dimensions:
74 x 24 cm
Culture/People:
Iroquois
Object Type:
Clothing/Garments
Place:
Ontario, New York; Canada, USA (inferred)
Date Created:
1800-1840
Collection History:
Collection history unknown; formerly in the collection of the Karl May Museum (Radebeul, Germany); received by MAI via an exchange with the Karl May Museum in 1939.
Catalog Number:
20/897
See more items in:
Ethnographic Items
On View:
The George Gustav Heye Center, New York, NY
Data Source:
National Museum of the American Indian
Additional Online Media:

Moccasins

view Moccasins digital asset number 1
Media/Materials:
Hide, wool cloth, cotton cloth, porcupine quills, silk ribbon, glass bead/beads, dye/dyes
Techniques:
Sewn, lined, overlay beadwork, dyed, quill embroidered, edge beaded
Dimensions:
28 x 9 x 11.5 cm
Culture/People:
Seneca
Object Type:
Clothing/Garments: Footwear
Place:
New York; USA
Date Created:
1840-1880
Collection History:
Collection history unknown; purchased by MAI or its agent from an unknown source in London, England, in 1924.
Catalog Number:
13/5376
See more items in:
Ethnographic Items
On View:
The George Gustav Heye Center, New York, NY
Data Source:
National Museum of the American Indian
Additional Online Media:

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