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Radio Shack TRS-80 Model 1 Personal Computer

view Radio Shack TRS-80 Model 1 Personal Computer digital asset: Radio Shack TRS-80 Model 1 Personal Computer
Maker:
Tandy Corporation
Physical Description:
manufactured (overall production method/technique)
plastic (overall material)
metal (overall material)
Measurements:
overall: 9 in x 29 in x 24 in; 22.86 cm x 73.66 cm x 60.96 cm
Object Name:
microcomputer
Place made:
United States: Texas, Fort Worth
Date made:
1977-1981
Description:
In the early 1970s, most personal computers came as hobbyist kits requiring a high level of technical expertise to assemble. Don French, a buyer for the consumer electronics chain Tandy Radio Shack (TRS), believed that Radio Shack should offer an assembled personal computer and hired engineer Steve Leininger to design it. In the summer of 1977, Radio Shack introduced the TRS-80 for $599. This offering included a BASIC language interpreter, four kilobytes of RAM, a Zilog Z80 processor at 1.77 megahertz, a twelve-inch video monitor, a cassette recorder, a power supply, and a cassette tape containing the games Blackjack and Backgammon. While some Tandy executives were skeptical about the success of the PC market, the availability of the TRS-80 on five thousand Radio Shack store shelves helped the Model 1 sell over one hundred thousand units during its first year, which was 50 percent of the total PCs sold in 1978.
The TRS-80 had its microprocessor inside its keyboard. While you could purchase just the TRS-80 for $400, most opted for the package that included the twelve-inch monitor and cassette recorder for $600. This object includes the TRS-80 Expansion Interface for $299 (below monitor) that gave the machine an extra thirty-two kilobytes of memory; the TRS-80 Telephone Interface II for $199 (far left) that allowed for network communication; two Mini-Disk drives for $499 (right of monitor); and printer for $399 (far right).
References:
Radio Shack, A Tandy Company, 1978 Catalog No. 289, page 166, accessed September 1, 2014, http://www.radioshackcatalogs.com/catalogs/1978
Radio Shack, A Tandy Company, 1979 Catalog No. 302, pages 79–82, accessed September 1, 2014, http://www.radioshackcatalogs.com/catalogs/1979
“BYTE News,” BYTE, May 1979, 117.
Peggy A. Kidwell and Paul E. Ceruzzi, Landmarks in Digital Computing (Washington, D.C.: Smithsonian Institution Press, 1994), 96–99.
Subject:
Computers & Business Machines
American Enterprise
Credit Line:
Gift of K.S. Widelitz
ID Number:
1983.0169.01
Catalog number:
1983.0169.01
Accession number:
1983.0169
See more items in:
Medicine and Science: Computers
American Enterprise
Exhibition:
American Enterprise
Data Source:
National Museum of American History, Kenneth E. Behring Center

Texas Instruments Model 99/4A Personal Computer

view Texas Instruments Model 99/4A Personal Computer digital asset: Texas Instruments 99/4a
Maker:
Texas Instruments
Physical Description:
plastic (overall material)
metal (overall material)
Measurements:
average spatial: 5.7 cm x 3.81 cm x 2.6 cm; 2 1/4 in x 1 1/2 in x 1 in
Object Name:
microcomputer
Date made:
1981-1984
Description:
When the TI-99/4a was introduced in 1981, Texas Instruments claimed it was both "a major breakthrough in computer technology," and, probably more important, the "lowest priced, 16-bit computer available." It cost only $525. The TI 99/4a was a redesign of the TI-99/4 system, which had been a market failure and was discontinued. The new machine sold well, but by August 1982, TI was falling behind its competitors, especially Commodore. So it began offering a $100 rebate on the TI-99/4a. It quickly became the best-selling home computer in America, controlling, by the end of 1982, approximately 35% of the market--150,000 machines a month.
In February 1983, TI cut the price to $150, and then in June 1983, it offered a plastic version of the TI-99/4a for less than $100. But now it had gone too far. It was selling computers for less than cost, resulting in a second quarter loss of $100 million.
The TI-99/4a operated on a TI TMS99000 at 3 MHz and included 16 KB of RAM and 26 KB of ROM. The computer included a RS-232 interface card and a 32K memory expansion card as well as a Data Storage cassette. Texas Instruments controlled the development of software for the machine and offered only around 300 titles. These did not include many of the most popular programs of the time.
Initially, the only way to expand the machine was to use a port on the right side of the console. Peripherals could extend out several feet. To remedy the situation TI released a more convenient Peripheral Expansion Box (PEB) and, surprisingly, sold 250,000 units at $1,475.00 each--far more than the cost of the computer.
Eventually Texas Instruments sold over 2.5 million units of the TI-99/4A. However the company decided that computers were not a promising business and dropped out of the PC market in 1984.
Location:
Currently not on view
Subject:
Family & Social Life
Computers & Business Machines
Credit Line:
Scott and Shane Briscoe
ID Number:
1990.0494.01
Catalog number:
1990.0494.01
Accession number:
1990.0494
See more items in:
Medicine and Science: Computers
Data Source:
National Museum of American History, Kenneth E. Behring Center

Models

Author:
Mendy, Renée
Smithsonian Libraries African Art Index Project DSI
Type:
Articles
Place:
Africa
Date:
1998
Notes:
Col. ill.
Feature on African fashion models.
Topic:
Models (Persons)
Call number:
TT504.6.A35 A78 1998
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries

Boat Model, New Jersey Sneakbox

view Boat Model, New Jersey Sneakbox digital asset: Boat Model, New Jersey Sneakbox
Measurements:
overall: 12 in x 5 in x 16 in; 30.48 cm x 12.7 cm x 40.64 cm
Object Name:
boat, sneak
boat, sneak, rigged model
Date made:
1890
Description:
This model represents a New Jersey sneakbox, a small boat invented and used in Barnegat Bay, New Jersey. The sneakbox was developed in 1836 by boat builder Captain Hazleton Seaman, as a small boat that could be camouflaged for hunting wild fowl. Low in the water, the sneakbox is decked with a small cockpit so that a hunter can camouflage the boat with grasses over the top. During the nineteenth century the sneakbox was used by hunters, particularly commercial duck hunters. It would typically carry one person, along with his gear. Some sneakboxes were fitted out with sails, although this one is not and would have been rowed instead. The original represented by this model was a little under 12 feet long and around 4 feet wide. It was built in 1890 and given to the Smithsonian by J. D. Gifford from Tuckerton, New Jersey.
Location:
Currently not on view
Subject:
Transportation
Ship Models
Credit Line:
Gift of J. D. Gifford
ID Number:
TR*026623
Catalog number:
026623
Accession number:
5622
See more items in:
Work and Industry: Maritime
Ship Models
Data Source:
National Museum of American History, Kenneth E. Behring Center

Oluchi : a model with a cause / by M. B. Akinyemi

Author:
Akinyemi, M. B
Smithsonian Libraries African Art Index Project DSI
Subject:
Onweagba, Oluchi 1980-
Type:
Articles
Place:
Nigeria
Date:
2007
Notes:
Color illustrations.
Topic:
Models (Persons)
Call number:
GT730 .C65
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries

i/O Personal Digital Assistant (Concept Model)

view i/O Personal Digital Assistant (Concept Model) digital asset number 1
Designer:
Michael Barry
Shawn Hanna, b. 1969
Jay Wilson
Firm:
GVO Inc., 1966–2001
Manufacturer:
GVO Inc., 1966–2001
Medium:
Plastic and rubber housing
Type:
models and prototypes
Decorative Arts
recharging base
Object Name:
recharging base
Made in:
USA
Date:
1994
Catalogue Status:
Research in Progress
Description:
Green i/O unit of irregular rectangular shape with black keypad and retractable antenna; stylus and earphone in recesses in body. Irregular square green base with attached black plug; slot for i/O unit.
Credit Line:
Gift of G.V.O., Inc.
Accession Number:
1995-88-1-a/e
See more items in:
Cooper Hewitt, Smithsonian Design Museum Collection
Product Design and Decorative Arts Department
Data Source:
Cooper Hewitt, Smithsonian Design Museum

Abraham Lincoln's Patent Model

view Abraham Lincoln's Patent Model digital asset number 1
Patentee:
Lincoln, Abraham
Maker:
Lincoln, Abraham
Physical Description:
wood (overall material)
brown (overall color)
fabric (part material)
Measurements:
overall: 9 3/4 in x 26 1/4 in x 4 3/4 in; 24.765 cm x 66.675 cm x 12.065 cm
Object Name:
patent model
Date made:
prior to 1849
Date patented:
1849-05-22
Description:
Like many people of his era, Lincoln believed deeply in the value of personal initiative, inventiveness, and scientific and technological change. Lincoln’s mechanical and scientific interests began with his training as a surveyor in New Salem and continued throughout his life.
In 1848 he decided try his own hand at developing an invention to lift boats grounded in shallow water. On May 22, 1849, Congressman Abraham Lincoln received a patent for his method of lifting boats over shoals. A trip to Niagara Falls inspired the design, when he witnessed a grounded boat being lifted over shallow waters. Lincoln produced the model with the help of Walter Davis, a Springfield mechanic. There is no evidence that he ever sought to put the idea into production.
Transfer from the U.S. Patent Office, 1922
Location:
Currently not on view
Subject:
Government, Politics, and Reform
Transportation
Patent Models
Related Publication:
Rubenstein, Harry R.. Abraham Lincoln: An Extraordinary Life
ID Number:
PL*031940
Catalog number:
31940
Accession number:
48865
Patent number:
6469
See more items in:
Political History: Political History, Presidential History Collection
Data Source:
National Museum of American History, Kenneth E. Behring Center
Additional Online Media:

[Portrait in Italy.] Photonegative 1905

view [Portrait in Italy.] Photonegative 1905 digital asset number 1
Publisher:
Underwood & Underwood
Photographer:
Underwood, Elmer 1859-1947
Physical description:
Silver gelatin on glass
1 item, 5" x 8"
Type:
Photographs
Stereoscopic photographs
Place:
Italy
Rome (Italy)
Date:
1905
1900-1910
Notes:
Company catalog card included.
Currently stored in box 3.1.22 [181].
Topic:
Models (Persons)
Local number:
RSN 13501
Video number 12772
See more items in:
Underwood & Underwood Glass Stereograph Collection 1895-1921
Data Source:
Archives Center - NMAH

Noëlla Coursaris : a day in the life of a model-extraordinaire

Author:
Olisemeka, Nkechi I
Smithsonian Libraries African Art Index Project DSI
Subject:
Coursaris, Noëlla
Type:
Articles
Place:
Congo (Democratic Republic)
Date:
2007
Notes:
Color illustrations.
Topic:
Models (Persons)
Call number:
E184.A24 K58
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries

Dynamite / photographer, Marianna Rothen

Author:
Rothen, Marianna
Smithsonian Libraries African Art Index Project DSI
Subject:
Nicole, Brittnee
Type:
Articles
Date:
2008
Notes:
Illustrations (some color).
Feature on Black model Brittnee Nicole.
Topic:
Models (Persons)
Call number:
GT730 .C65
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries

Canoe Model

view Canoe Model digital asset number 1
Donor Name:
Dr. Franz Stenzel
Collector:
James G. Swan
Mrs. Charles Bartlett
Dr. Franz Stenzel
Culture:
Haida
Object Type:
Canoe Model
Place:
Port Townsend, Washington, United States, North America
Accession Date:
1980-Jan-16
Specimen Count:
1
Notes:
MODEL OF DUGOUT CANOE; 4 STRUTS, 4 TOTEMIC DESIGNS (KILLER WHALE ?) PAINTED ON SIDES IN RED & BLACK.
Letter from donor dated May 3, 1978, filed in accession file, indicates that this object was purchased from Mrs. Charles Bartlett of Port Townsend, WA. Her husband Mr. Charles Bartlett was one of the earliest settlers of Port Townsend. Object said to formerly have been part of the personal collection of James Gilchrist Swan.
Record Last Modified:
1 Dec 2014
Topic:
Ethnology
Accession Number:
339399
USNM Number:
E420045-0
See more items in:
Anthropology
Data Source:
NMNH - Anthropology Dept.
Additional Online Media:

Kesso, princesse peuhle / Kesso Barry

Author:
Barry, Kesso
Subject:
Barry, Kesso
Physical description:
232 p., [8] p. of plates : ill. ; 22 cm
Type:
Biography
Place:
France
Date:
1988
C1988
Topic:
Fula (African people)
Models (Persons)
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries

The chronicles of Keira Plum Sykes ; phographed by Arthur Elgort

Author:
Sykes, Plum
Elgort, Arthur
Smithsonian Libraries African Art Index Project DSI
Subject:
Knightley, Keira 1985- Travel
Type:
Articles
Place:
Africa, East
Kenya
Date:
2007
Notes:
Color illustrations, including front cover.
Topic:
Models (Persons)
Call number:
TT500 .V7X
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries

1837 Swasey's Patent Model of a Cloth Napping Machine

view 1837 Swasey's Patent Model of a Cloth Napping Machine digital asset number 1
Inventor:
Swasey, Benjamin
Physical Description:
wood (overall material)
metal (mechanisms material)
cloth (cylinders material)
Object Name:
cloth napping machine
cloth napping machine patent model
Associated place:
United States: Maine, Mount Vernon
Model constructed:
before 1837-08-08
Date made:
before1837-08-08
Patent date:
1837-08-08
Description:
Cloth Napping Machine Patent Model
Patent No. 350, issued August 8, 1837
Benjamin Swasey of Mount Vernon, Maine
Swasey’s patent concerned the setting of teazles ( thistle-like plant heads) in the wires of the large napping cylinder. He also claimed certain springs and levers that shifted the cloth rollers in and out of gear. This shifting of the cloth rollers caused the cloth to come in contact with the teazles as the cloth was wound forward and then disengaged the cloth from the teazles as the cloth rewound.
In this way, the cloth could roll from one cylinder to another as long as necessary to ensure a well-napped surface. Also, the shifting of gears did not require a person to match and unmatch the gears. Friction bands on the ends of the cloth rollers, together with hanging weights, kept tension on the cloth even.
Location:
Currently not on view
Subject:
Textiles
Patent Models
Patent Models
Invention
Patent Models, Textile Machinery
Listed:
Janssen, Barbara Suit. Patent Models Index
ID Number:
TE*T11403.011
Accession number:
89797
89797
Catalog number:
T11403.011
Patent number:
350
See more items in:
Home and Community Life: Textiles
Patent Models
Patent Models, Textile Machinery
Data Source:
National Museum of American History, Kenneth E. Behring Center

Reginald Marsh art notebook #4, models and expenses

view Reginald Marsh art notebook #4, models and expenses digital asset number 1
Creator:
Marsh, Reginald, 1898-1954
Subject:
Marsh, Reginald
Type:
Writings
Date:
1934-1954
Place of publication, production, or execution:
No place, unknown, or undetermined
Physical Description:
1 notes ; 22 x 16 cm.
Summary:
Notebook containing loose pages of dated lists of work expenditures, contact information for artists' models, and some sketches and correspondence. Two additional notecards and three torn notes inserted in volume.
Only two pages are displayed here, including Marsh's list "Expenses in the pursuit of art."
To view this item online in its entirety, see Series 4, Box 4, folders 13-14 of the Reginald Marsh papers.
Location Note:
Archives of American Art, Smithsonian Institution Washington, D.C. 20560
Topic:
Artists' materials
Artists' models
Finances, Personal
Record number:
(DSI-AAA)10152
See more items in:
Reginald Marsh papers, 1897-1955
Data Source:
Archives of American Art

Totem-Pole Model

view Totem-Pole Model digital asset number 1
Donor Name:
James G. Swan
Collector:
James G. Swan
Culture:
Bella Bella (Heiltsuk)
Object Type:
Totem Pole Model
Place:
British Columbia, Canada, North America
Accession Date:
1885-Feb-02
Specimen Count:
3
Notes:
From Card: "Totem pole. 3 pieces. Collector's comment: '1 large totem pole or heraldic carving made by the Bella Bella Indians, B. C. The combination is a pictograph which illustrates the artist's idea of some mythical legend. As a general thing, these legends are rendered differently by each artist either in delineation or combination and unless the artist himself gives the explanation the story is difficult to be correctly obtained'. -- 1 Dec., 1884 James G. Swan. 9/8/70 - 9/20/70 Loaned to Nat. Gallery of Art."
Ian Reid (Heiltsuk) and Evelyn Windsor (Heiltsuk elder) of the delegation from Bella Bella, Bella Coola and Rivers Inlet communities of British Columbia made the following comments during the Recovering Voices Community Research Visit May 20th - 24th, 2013. A chief would have the totem pole model when speaking in large groups and bang it four times to gain the attention of the crowd. The depicted figures are the ancestors from the owner’s personal story. He cannot tell his own story because it would be bragging, so another speaker tells it for him. It is very much a sort of 'talking stick'.
Record Last Modified:
3 Jun 2016
Topic:
Ethnology
Accession Number:
015690
USNM Number:
E74743-0
See more items in:
Anthropology
Data Source:
NMNH - Anthropology Dept.
Additional Online Media:

How to grow a Model. [Print advertising.] Women's publications. 1945

view How to grow a Model. [Print advertising.] Women's publications. 1945 digital asset number 1
Creator:
Procter & Gamble Company
Physical description:
1 item col. 37.5 x 29 cm
Type:
Print advertising
Photographs
Date:
1945
Summary:
Caption: "How to grow a Model". Mother and toddler girl at top, both in yellow.
Published May & June 1946.
Topic:
Mothers
Models (Persons)
Daughters
Local number:
245660
Ivorydata4 1517
0307910322 (Scan No.)
See more items in:
Ivory Soap Advertising Collection 1883-1998
Data Source:
Archives Center - NMAH

Cradleboard model/toy

view Cradleboard model/toy digital asset number 1
Media/Materials:
Wood, hide, glass bead/beads, paint, cotton cloth, cotton thread
Techniques:
Carved, sewn, overlay beadwork, painted
Dimensions:
17 x 6 x 4 cm
Culture/People:
Kiowa
Object Type:
Transportation Items: Baby carriers
Place:
Kiowa and Comanche Reservation; Oklahoma; USA
Date Created:
1896-1901
Collection History:
Collected between 1896 and 1901 by Mrs. Ida A. R. Fick (Ida Roff) when she taught at an Episcopal Indian school in Anadarko, Oklahoma; acquired by MAI in 1942.
Catalog Number:
20/5861
See more items in:
Ethnographic Items
Data Source:
National Museum of the American Indian
Additional Online Media:

Male model : the world behind the camera / Charles Hix, with Michael Taylor ; designed by Brian Burdine

Author:
Hix, Charles
Taylor, Michael Byron
Physical description:
192 p. : ill. ; 27 cm
Type:
Books
Place:
United States
Date:
1979
C1979
Notes:
Includes index.
Topic:
Models (Persons)
Men--Employment
Call number:
HD8039.M772U54X 1979
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries

Model Of Bark Canoe

view Model Of Bark Canoe digital asset number 1
Donor Name:
U.S. Fish Commission
Culture:
Fuegian
Object Type:
Canoe Model
Place:
Punta Arenas, Strait of Magellan, Patagonia / Magallanes Province, Chile, South America
Accession Date:
3 Mar 1894
Specimen Count:
4
Notes:
From card: "Had some pieces of equipment with it originally. Refer: Collins' Ms. p. 965. Refer to Cat. No. 204,504 for a similar one." Old Division of Engineering number 76091.
Note: the culture for this artifact is listed as "Fuegian". Fuegians are the indigenous inhabitants of Tierra del Fuego, at the southern tip of South America. In English, the term originally referred to the Yaghan people. In Spanish, the term fueguino can refer to any person from the archipelago.
Record Last Modified:
2 Dec 2014
Topic:
Ethnology
Accession Number:
028022
USNM Number:
E307214-0
See more items in:
Anthropology
Data Source:
NMNH - Anthropology Dept.
Additional Online Media:

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