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Radio Shack TRS-80 Model 1 Personal Computer

Maker:
Tandy Corporation
Physical Description:
manufactured (overall production method/technique)
plastic (overall material)
metal (overall material)
Measurements:
overall: 9 in x 29 in x 24 in; 22.86 cm x 73.66 cm x 60.96 cm
Object Name:
microcomputer
Place made:
United States: Texas, Fort Worth
Date made:
1977-1981
Subject:
Computers & Business Machines
American Enterprise
Credit Line:
Gift of K.S. Widelitz
ID Number:
1983.0169.01
Catalog number:
1983.0169.01
Accession number:
1983.0169
Description:
In the early 1970s, most personal computers came as hobbyist kits requiring a high level of technical expertise to assemble. Don French, a buyer for the consumer electronics chain Tandy Radio Shack (TRS), believed that Radio Shack should offer an assembled personal computer and hired engineer Steve Leininger to design it. In the summer of 1977, Radio Shack introduced the TRS-80 for $599. This offering included a BASIC language interpreter, four kilobytes of RAM, a Zilog Z80 processor at 1.77 megahertz, a twelve-inch video monitor, a cassette recorder, a power supply, and a cassette tape containing the games Blackjack and Backgammon. While some Tandy executives were skeptical about the success of the PC market, the availability of the TRS-80 on five thousand Radio Shack store shelves helped the Model 1 sell over one hundred thousand units during its first year, which was 50 percent of the total PCs sold in 1978.
The TRS-80 had its microprocessor inside its keyboard. While you could purchase just the TRS-80 for $400, most opted for the package that included the twelve-inch monitor and cassette recorder for $600. This object includes the TRS-80 Expansion Interface for $299 (below monitor) that gave the machine an extra thirty-two kilobytes of memory; the TRS-80 Telephone Interface II for $199 (far left) that allowed for network communication; two Mini-Disk drives for $499 (right of monitor); and printer for $399 (far right).
References:
Radio Shack, A Tandy Company, 1978 Catalog No. 289, page 166, accessed September 1, 2014, http://www.radioshackcatalogs.com/catalogs/1978
Radio Shack, A Tandy Company, 1979 Catalog No. 302, pages 79–82, accessed September 1, 2014, http://www.radioshackcatalogs.com/catalogs/1979
“BYTE News,” BYTE, May 1979, 117.
Peggy A. Kidwell and Paul E. Ceruzzi, Landmarks in Digital Computing (Washington, D.C.: Smithsonian Institution Press, 1994), 96–99.
See more items in:
Medicine and Science: Computers
American Enterprise
Exhibition:
American Enterprise
Data Source:
National Museum of American History, Kenneth E. Behring Center
Visitor Tag(s):

Models

Author:
Mendy, Renée
Smithsonian Libraries African Art Index Project DSI
Type:
Articles
Place:
Africa
Date:
1998
Topic:
Models (Persons)
Call number:
TT504.6.A35 A78 1998
Notes:
Col. ill.
Feature on African fashion models.
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
Visitor Tag(s):

Oluchi : a model with a cause / by M. B. Akinyemi

Author:
Akinyemi, M. B
Smithsonian Libraries African Art Index Project DSI
Subject:
Onweagba, Oluchi 1980-
Type:
Articles
Place:
Nigeria
Date:
2007
Topic:
Models (Persons)
Call number:
GT730 .C65
Notes:
Color illustrations.
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
Visitor Tag(s):

[Portrait in Italy.] Photonegative 1905

Publisher:
Underwood & Underwood
Photographer:
Underwood, Elmer 1859-1947
Physical description:
Silver gelatin on glass
1 item, 5" x 8"
Type:
Photographs
Stereoscopic photographs
Place:
Italy
Rome (Italy)
Date:
1905
1900-1910
Topic:
Models (Persons)
Local number:
RSN 13501
Video number 12772
Notes:
Company catalog card included.
Currently stored in box 3.1.22 [181].
See more items in:
Underwood & Underwood Glass Stereograph Collection 1895-1921
Data Source:
Archives Center - NMAH
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Noëlla Coursaris : a day in the life of a model-extraordinaire

Author:
Olisemeka, Nkechi I
Smithsonian Libraries African Art Index Project DSI
Subject:
Coursaris, Noëlla
Type:
Articles
Place:
Congo (Democratic Republic)
Date:
2007
Topic:
Models (Persons)
Call number:
E184.A24 K58
Notes:
Color illustrations.
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
Visitor Tag(s):

Kesso, princesse peuhle / Kesso Barry

Author:
Barry, Kesso
Subject:
Barry, Kesso
Physical description:
232 p., [8] p. of plates : ill. ; 22 cm
Type:
Biography
Place:
France
Date:
1988
C1988
Topic:
Fula (African people)
Models (Persons)
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
Visitor Tag(s):

The chronicles of Keira Plum Sykes ; phographed by Arthur Elgort

Author:
Sykes, Plum
Elgort, Arthur
Smithsonian Libraries African Art Index Project DSI
Subject:
Knightley, Keira 1985- Travel
Type:
Articles
Place:
Africa, East
Kenya
Date:
2007
Topic:
Models (Persons)
Call number:
TT500 .V7X
Notes:
Color illustrations, including front cover.
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
Visitor Tag(s):

Reginald Marsh art notebook #4, models and expenses

Creator:
Marsh, Reginald, 1898-1954
Subject:
Marsh, Reginald
Physical description:
1 notes 22 x 16 cm.
Type:
Writings
Date:
1934-1954
Topic:
Artists' materials
Artists' models
Finances, Personal
Record number:
(DSI-AAA)10152
Summary:
Notebook containing loose pages of dated lists of work expenditures, contact information for artists' models, and some sketches and correspondence. Two additional notecards and three torn notes inserted in volume.
Only two pages are displayed here, including Marsh's list "Expenses in the pursuit of art."
To view this item online in its entirety, see Series 4, Box 4, folders 13-14 of the Reginald Marsh papers.
See more items in:
Reginald Marsh papers, 1897-1955
Data Source:
Archives of American Art
Visitor Tag(s):

How to grow a Model. [Print advertising.] Women's publications. 1945

Creator:
Procter & Gamble Company
Physical description:
1 item col. 37.5 x 29 cm
Type:
Print advertising
Photographs
Date:
1945
Topic:
Mothers
Models (Persons)
Daughters
Local number:
245660
Ivorydata4 1517
0307910322 (Scan No.)
Summary:
Caption: "How to grow a Model". Mother and toddler girl at top, both in yellow.
Published May & June 1946.
See more items in:
Ivory Soap Advertising Collection 1883-1998
Data Source:
Archives Center - NMAH
Visitor Tag(s):

Cradleboard model/toy

Media/Materials:
Wood, hide, glass bead/beads, paint, cotton cloth, cotton thread
Techniques:
Carved, sewn, overlay beadwork, painted
Dimensions:
17 x 6 x 4 cm
Culture/People:
Kiowa
Object Type:
Transportation Items: Baby carriers
Place:
Kiowa and Comanche Reservation; Oklahoma; USA
Date Created:
1896-1901
Catalog Number:
20/5861
Collection History:
Collected between 1896 and 1901 by Mrs. Ida A. R. Fick (Ida Roff) when she taught at an Episcopal Indian school in Anadarko, Oklahoma; acquired by MAI in 1942.
See more items in:
Ethnographic Items
Data Source:
National Museum of the American Indian
Visitor Tag(s):

Additional Online Media:

Male model : the world behind the camera / Charles Hix, with Michael Taylor ; designed by Brian Burdine

Author:
Hix, Charles
Taylor, Michael Byron
Physical description:
192 p. : ill. ; 27 cm
Type:
Books
Place:
United States
Date:
1979
C1979
Topic:
Models (Persons)
Men--Employment
Call number:
HD8039.M772U54X 1979
Notes:
Includes index.
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
Visitor Tag(s):

Fashion in Africa : a personal view by Ethiopian top model

Author:
Getaneh, Anna
Smithsonian Libraries African Art Index Project DSI
Subject:
Getaneh, Anna
Type:
Articles
Place:
Africa
Date:
1998
Topic:
Models (Persons)
Fashion designers
Fashion
Call number:
TT504.6.A35 A78 1998
Notes:
Col. ill.
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
Visitor Tag(s):

Young America's Look is That Ivory Look. [Print advertising.] General circulation publications 1950

Creator:
Procter & Gamble Company
Physical description:
1 item col. 28 x 20 cm
Type:
Print advertising
Photographs
Date:
1950
Topic:
Children
Models (Persons)
Women
Local number:
244940
Ivorydata4 797
0207910801 (Scan No.)
Summary:
Caption: "Young America's Look is That Ivory Look". Framed photographs of baby and woman, rose between them.
Published March 1950.
See more items in:
Ivory Soap Advertising Collection 1883-1998
Data Source:
Archives Center - NMAH
Visitor Tag(s):

That Ivory Look. [Print advertising.] General circulation publications 1953

Creator:
Procter & Gamble Company
Physical description:
1 item col. 39 x 29.5 cm
Type:
Print advertising
Photographs
Date:
1953
Topic:
Women
Models (Persons)
Children
Local number:
245690
Ivorydata4 1547
0307910352 (Scan No.)
Summary:
Caption: "That Ivory Look: Young America has it...You can have it in 7 days!" Woman in straw hat with pink rose.
Published Aug. & Sept. 1953.
See more items in:
Ivory Soap Advertising Collection 1883-1998
Data Source:
Archives Center - NMAH
Visitor Tag(s):

Story of the Girl who said "NO" to Hollywood! [Print advertising, women's publications.] 1945

Advertiser:
Procter & Gamble Company
Physical description:
1 item, col., 37.5 x 29 cm
Type:
Print advertising
Photographs
Place:
Hollywood (Los Angeles, Calif.)
Date:
1945
Topic:
Models (Persons)
Women in advertising
Local number:
Ivorydata4 1515
0307910320 (Scan No.)
Summary:
Large photo in center of woman lying down with arm over head.
Published July & Aug. 1946.
See more items in:
Ivory Soap Advertising Collection 1883-1998
Data Source:
Archives Center - NMAH
Visitor Tag(s):

April 22, 1960 Miss Marsha Pippin [cellulose acetate photonegative]

Photographers:
Scurlock Studio (Washington, D.C.)
Film manufacturer:
Eastman Kodak Company
Subject:
Pippin, Marsha
Physical description:
Silver gelatin on cellulose acetate film sheet, 7" x 5"
1 item
Culture:
African Americans Washington (D.C.)
Type:
Photographs
Place:
Washington (D.C.)
Date:
1960
Topic:
Bathing suits
Models (Persons)
African Americans
Local number:
Box 618.04.72
AC0618.004.0000581.tif (AC Scan)
61198 (Scurlock number)
Summary:
No ink on negative. Full-length portrait of Miss Marsha Pippin in a swimsuit. "KODAK--SAFETY--FILM" edge imprint.
Cite as:
Scurlock Studio Records, ca. 1905-1994, Archives Center, National Museum of American History
See more items in:
Black-and-white film negatives (Series 4), Scurlock Studio Records 1905-1994
Data Source:
Archives Center - NMAH
Visitor Tag(s):

Fashion in miniature

Author:
Gallery of English Costume
Physical description:
24 p. illus. 22 cm
Type:
Books
Date:
1970
1970]
Topic:
Dolls--Exhibitions
Models (Persons)
Call number:
NK4892.7 M2
NK4892.7M2
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
Visitor Tag(s):

The lives of Lee Miller / Antony Penrose

Author:
Penrose, Antony
Subject:
Miller, Lee 1907-1977
Physical description:
216 p. : ill. ; 29 cm
Type:
Biography
Place:
United States
Date:
1985
C1985
Topic:
Photographers
Models (Persons)--Biography
Call number:
TR647.M684 P4
TR647.M684P4
Notes:
Includes index.
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
Visitor Tag(s):

The lives of Lee Miller / Antony Penrose ; with 171 illustrations in duotone

Author:
Penrose, Antony
Miller, Lee 1907-1977
Subject:
Miller, Lee 1907-1977
Physical description:
216 p. : ill. ; 28 cm
Type:
Biography
Place:
United States
Date:
2007
Topic:
Photographers
Models (Persons)
Call number:
TR140 .M55 P46 2007
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
Visitor Tag(s):

Lee Miller : a life / Carolyn Burke

Author:
Burke, Carolyn
Subject:
Miller, Lee 1907-1977
Physical description:
xv, 426 p. : ill. ; 24 cm
Type:
Biography
Place:
United States
Date:
2005
Topic:
Photographers
Models (Persons)
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
Visitor Tag(s):

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