Joel Emmons Whitney portrait of Little Crow, circa 1862
Whitney, Joel E (Joel Emmons) 1822-1886
Whitney & Zimmerman
Little Crow d. 1863
1 mounted print : albumen
Indians of North America Great Plains
Joel Emmons Whitney (1822-1886) moved in 1850 to St. Paul, Minnesota, where he would remain for most of his professional photography career. Almost immediately, he began to photograph under the name Whitney's Gallery (1851-1871). In early 1851 he partnered with George C. Nichols to open the daguerreotype gallery Whitney & Nichols and Whitney opened an independent studio later that year. Under the tutelage of Alexander Hesler, he continued making daguerreotypes, which he marketed as "Pocket Editions of Nature" and exhibited at fairs in New York and Minnesota. Whitney partnered with William S. Combs (1867-1869) and then purchased Martin's Art Gallery from James Edgar Martin. In 1870, he employed and then partnered with Charles A. Zimmerman, to whom he sold his business in 1871.
Little Crow (circa 1810-1863), also known as Taoyatiduta, was a Mdewakanton Dakota chief known for his participation in the Treaties of Traverse des Sioux and Mendota of 1851 and his leadership during the Sioux uprising in 1862. After a loss at the Battle of Wood Lake in September 1862, Little Crow fled to Canada but soon returned to Minnesota. He was killed on July 3, 1863, by Nathan Lamson, who collected the bounty for Little Crow's death.
Carte de visite with portrait of Little Crow, a chief of the Mdewakanton Dakota Sioux and leader of the Sioux uprising in 1862. The photograph is copyrighted 1862 but this carte de visite was published through Whitney's studio Whitney & Zimmerman, active 1870-1871.
Photo Lot 2000-25, Joel Emmons Whitney photograph of Little Crow, National Anthropological Archives, Smithsonian Institution