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National Congress of American Indians records, 1933-1990 (bulk 1944-1989)

Creator:
National Congress of American Indians
Subject:
Bronson, Ruth Muskrat
Curry, James E. 1907-1972
Deloria, Vine
Harjo, Suzan Shown
McNickle, D'Arcy 1904-1977
Peterson, Helen L
Snake, Reuben 1937-1993
Tonasket, Mel
Trimble, Charles E
Arrow, Inc
National Congress of American Indians
National Tribal Chairmen's Association
United Effort Trust
United States American Indian Policy Review Commission
United States Bureau of Indian Affairs
United States Indian Claims Commission
Physical description:
251 linear feet
Type:
Administrative records
Collection descriptions
Audiotapes
Clippings
Correspondence
Financial records
Photographs
Videotapes
Place:
United States
Date:
1933
1933-1990
bulk 1944-1989
20th century
1934-
Notes:
The National Congress of American Indians (NCAI) is a major American Indian advocacy organization, designed to serve as a link between tribal governments and the United States government. NCAI was founded in 1944, in Denver, CO, as a membership organization for "persons of Indian blood." In 1955, group membership was limited to recognized tribes, committees, or bands. The organization is overseen by an Executive Council, which selects a five-member Executive Committee and an Executive Director. The Executive Director is then responsible for managing the organization's staff and overseeing its initiatives and everyday operations. Since 1944, NCAI has held annual conventions in the fall to elect officers and pass resolutions, which become the basis for the organization's policy positions. Beginning in 1977, a mid-year conference in May or June was added to provide further opportunities for in-depth exploration of issues.
Since its inauguration, NCAI has worked on a wide variety of issues facing Indians in the US. Some of those issues include voting rights, land claims, education, economic development, natural resource protection and management, nuclear waste, repatriation, and government-to-government relations with the federal government. In 1954, NCAI organized an emergency conference to protest the US government's newly-announced termination policy. NCAI has also frequently worked closely with other Indian organizations, such as the Native American Rights Fund and National Tribal Chairmen's Association, and with various government bodies, such as the Bureau of Indian Affairs and Indian Health Service.
Summary:
The NCAI records document the organization's work, particularly that of its office in Washington, DC, and the wide variety of issues faced by American Indians in the twentieth century. The bulk of the material relates to legislation, lobbying, and NCAI's interactions with various governmental bodies. A large segment also concerns the annual conventions and executive council and executive committee meetings. Finally, the records also document the operations of the NCAI, including personnel, financial, and fundraising material. The collection also includes the records of two of NCAI's Executive Directors, Charles E. "Chuck" Trimble (1972-1977) and Suzan Shown Harjo (1984-1989). Included are correspondence, publications, reports, administrative records, photographs, and audio and video recordings.
Cite as:
National Congress of American Indians Records, National Museum of the American Indian Archive Center, Smithsonian Institution
Topic:
Alaska Natives--Land tenure
Indians of North America--Civil rights
Indians of North America--Economic conditions
Indians of North America--Government relations
Indians of North America--Legal status, laws, etc
Indians of North America--Politics and government
Indians of North America--Social conditions
Indian termination policy
Radioactive wastes--Management
Trail of Broken Treaties, 1972
Local number:
NMAI.AC.010
Restrictions:
Access to NMAI Archive Center collections is by appointment only, Monday - Friday, 9:30 am - 4:30 pm. Please contact the archives to make an appointment (phone: 301-238-1400, email: nmaiarchives@si.edu)
See more items in:
National Congress of American Indians records 1933-1990 (bulk 1944-1989)
Data Source:
Smithsonian Institution National Museum of the American Indian Archives

Wind from an enemy sky / D'Arcy McNickle

Author:
McNickle, D'Arcy 1904-1977
Physical description:
256 pages : illustrations ; 22 cm
Type:
Fiction
Historical fiction
Western stories
Date:
1978
©1978
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries

Wind from an enemy sky / D'Arcy McNickle ; afterword by Louis Owens

Author:
McNickle, D'Arcy 1904-1977
Physical description:
265 p. ; 22 cm
Type:
Fiction
Date:
1988
1978
1988, c1978
Notes:
Reprint. Originally published: San Francisco : Harper & Row, c1978.
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries

Native American tribalism : Indian survivals and renewals / D'Arcy McNickle

Author:
McNickle, D'Arcy 1904-1977
Physical description:
xxvi, 182 p., [35] p. of plates : ill., maps ; 21 cm
Type:
Books
Date:
1993
1973
Notes:
Originally published: New York : Oxford University Press, 1973. With new introd.
Topic:
Government relations
History
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries

The surrounded / D'Arcy McNickle ; introd. by Lawrence W. Towner

Author:
McNickle, D'Arcy 1904-1977
Physical description:
xiii, 297 p. ; 20 cm
Type:
Books
Date:
1978
1936
C1978
Notes:
Originally published: New York : Dodd, Mead & Co., 1936.
Topic:
Fiction
Call number:
PS3525.A2844 S87 1978
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries

They came here first : the epic of the American Indian / D'Arcy McNickle

Author:
McNickle, D'Arcy 1904-1977
Physical description:
ix, 310 p. ; 21 cm
Type:
Books
Date:
1975
Topic:
History
Call number:
E58 .M18 1975X
E58.M18 1975X
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries

They came here first : the epic of the American Indian / by D'Arcy McNickle

Author:
McNickle, D'Arcy 1904-1977
Physical description:
325 p. : ill. ; 22 cm
Type:
Books
Date:
1949
[1949]
Topic:
History
Call number:
E58 .M18 1949
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries

The surrounded / by D'Arcy McNickle

Author:
McNickle, D'Arcy 1904-1977
Physical description:
297 p. ; 21 cm
Type:
Fiction
Place:
Flathead Indian Reservation (Mont.)
Date:
1936
Notes:
Illustrated lining-papers.
Topic:
Salish Indians--Writing
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries

Native American tribalism; Indian survivals and renewals

Author:
McNickle, D'Arcy 1904-1977
Physical description:
xii, 190 p. illus. 22 cm
Type:
Books
Date:
1973
Topic:
Government relations
History
Call number:
E91 .M26X
E91.M26X
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries

The Indian tribes of the United States: ethnic and cultural survival

Author:
McNickle, D'Arcy 1904-1977
Physical description:
79 p. illus. 19 cm
Type:
Books
Date:
1962
Notes:
Issued under the auspices of the Institute of Race Relations, London.
Topic:
History
Call number:
E77.M176X
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries

D'Arcy McNickle's The hungry generations : the evolution of a novel / edited by Birgit Hans

Hungry generations
Author:
McNickle, D'Arcy 1904-1977
McNickle, D'Arcy 1904-1977 Surrounded
Hans, Birgit 1957-
Subject:
McNickle, D'Arcy 1904-1977 Surrounded
McNickle, D'Arcy 1904-1977 Manuscripts
Physical description:
vii, 333 p. : ill ; 24 cm
Type:
Fiction
Date:
2007
Notes:
Includes a reprinting of the original manuscript of McNickle's novel The surrounded.
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries

Indians and other Americans : two ways of life meet / Harold E. Fey and D'Arcy McNickle

Indians & other Americans
Author:
Fey, Harold Edward 1898-
McNickle, D'Arcy 1904-1977
Physical description:
274 p. : ill., map ; 18 cm
Type:
Books
Date:
1970
[1970]
Topic:
Government relations
Call number:
E93 .F43 1970
E93.F43 1970
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries

Word ways : the novels of D'Arcy McNickle / John Lloyd Purdy

Author:
Purdy, John Lloyd
Subject:
McNickle, D'Arcy 1904-1977 Criticism and interpretation
Physical description:
xiv, 167 p. : ill. ; 23 cm
Type:
Books
Date:
1990
C1990
Topic:
Western stories--History and criticism
Indians in literature
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries

Indians and other Americans; two ways of life meet. By Harold E. Fey and D'Arcy McNickle

Author:
Fey, Harold Edward 1898-
McNickle, D'Arcy 1904-1977
Physical description:
220 p. illus. 22 cm
Type:
Books
Date:
1959
[1959]
Topic:
Government relations
Call number:
E93 .F43
E93.F43
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries

Runner in the sun : a story of Indian maize / by D'Arcy McNickle ; illustrated by Allan C. Houser ; afterword by Alfonso Ortiz

Author:
McNickle, D'Arcy 1904-1977
Houser, Allan 1914-1994
Physical description:
x, 249 p. : ill ; 21 cm
Type:
Juvenile fiction
Fiction
Place:
Southwest, New
Date:
1987
1987, c1982
Summary:
A story of pre-Hispanic Indian life in the area which is now the American Southwest.
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries

The legacy of D'Arcy McNickle : writer, historian, activist / edited by John Lloyd Purdy

Author:
Purdy, John Lloyd
Subject:
McNickle, D'Arcy 1904-1977 Criticism and interpretation
Physical description:
xv, 264 p. ; 22 cm
Type:
Books
Place:
West (U.S.)
Date:
1996
Contents:
Introduction / John Lloyd Purdy -- pt. 1. Origins and words: ch. 1. D'Arcy McNickle : an annotated bibliography of his published articles and book reviews in a biographical context / Dorothy R. Parker -- pt. 2. The surrounded : the construction of vision in McNickle's best-known work: ch. 2. Rethinking history : a context for The surrounded / Birgit Hans -- ch. 3. Elements of traditional oral narrative in The surrounded / Phillip E. Doss -- ch. 4. The surrounded : listening between the lines of inherited stories / William Brown -- ch. 5. Lost in translation : McNickle's tragic speaking / Robert Evans -- ch. 6. Irony of consent : hunting and heroism in D'Arcy McNickle's The surrounded / Robert F. Gish -- pt. 3. Runner in the sun : mythologies of the times: ch. 7. D'Arcy McNickle's Runner in the sun : content and context / Dorothy R. Parker -- ch. 8. Cultural survival in Runner in the sun / Lori Burlingame -- ch. 9. A legend of culture : D'Arcy McNickle's Runner in the sun / Jay Hansford C. Vest -- pt. 4. Wind from an enemy sky : wording a vision for the future: ch. 10. Wards of the government : federal Indian policy in "How anger died" / Birgit Hans -- ch. 11. Two humanities : mediational discourse in Wind from an enemy sky / James Ruppert -- ch. 12. "What did you see? What did you learn? What will you remember? : Wind from an enemy sky" / Alanna Kathleen Brown
Topic:
Historiography
Western stories--History and criticism
Indians in literature
In literature
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries

Singing an Indian song : a biography of D'Arcy McNickle / Dorothy R. Parker

Author:
Parker, Dorothy R (Dorothy Ragon) 1927-
Subject:
McNickle, D'Arcy 1904-1977
Physical description:
x, 316 p. : ports. ; 23 cm
Type:
Biography
Place:
United States
Date:
1992
C1992
20th century
Topic:
Novelists, American
Anthropologists
Call number:
PS3525.A2844Z83 1992X
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries

The hawk is hungry & other stories / D'Arcy McNickle ; edited by Birgit Hans

Author:
McNickle, D'Arcy 1904-1977
Hans, Birgit 1957-
Physical description:
xx, 179 p. ; 22 cm
Type:
Fiction
Date:
1992
C1992
Contents:
Hard riding -- En roulant ma boule, roulant... -- Meat for God -- Snowfall -- Train time -- The hawk is hungry -- Debt of gratitude -- The wedding night -- Newcomers -- Man's work -- Going to school -- Manhattan wedlock -- Let the war be fought -- In the alien corn -- Six beautiful in Paris -- The silver locket
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries

Sending an American Indian voice : D'Arcy McNickle : educator, anthropologist, historian : an intellectual biography / by Bonnie Jean Adams

Author:
Adams, Bonnie Jean
Subject:
McNickle, D'Arcy 1904-1977
Physical description:
xii, 186 leaves ; 29 cm
Type:
Biography
Place:
United States
Date:
1998
20th century
Topic:
Anthropologists
Novelists, American
Call number:
PS3525.A2844 Z53 1998a
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries

Indian man; a life of Oliver La Farge

Author:
McNickle, D'Arcy 1904-1977
Subject:
La Farge, Oliver 1901-1963
Physical description:
xiii, 242 p. port. 22 cm
Type:
Books
Date:
1971
[1971]
Call number:
CT275.L127 M2
CT275.L127M2
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries

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