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National Congress of American Indians records, 1933-1990 (bulk 1944-1989)

Creator:
National Congress of American Indians
Subject:
Bronson, Ruth Muskrat
Curry, James E. 1907-1972
Deloria, Vine
Harjo, Suzan Shown
McNickle, D'Arcy 1904-1977
Peterson, Helen L
Snake, Reuben 1937-1993
Tonasket, Mel
Trimble, Charles E
Arrow, Inc
National Congress of American Indians
National Tribal Chairmen's Association
United Effort Trust
United States American Indian Policy Review Commission
United States Bureau of Indian Affairs
United States Indian Claims Commission
Physical description:
251 linear feet
Type:
Administrative records
Collection descriptions
Audiotapes
Clippings
Correspondence
Financial records
Photographs
Videotapes
Place:
United States
Date:
1933
1933-1990
bulk 1944-1989
20th century
1934-
Notes:
The National Congress of American Indians (NCAI) is a major American Indian advocacy organization, designed to serve as a link between tribal governments and the United States government. NCAI was founded in 1944, in Denver, CO, as a membership organization for "persons of Indian blood." In 1955, group membership was limited to recognized tribes, committees, or bands. The organization is overseen by an Executive Council, which selects a five-member Executive Committee and an Executive Director. The Executive Director is then responsible for managing the organization's staff and overseeing its initiatives and everyday operations. Since 1944, NCAI has held annual conventions in the fall to elect officers and pass resolutions, which become the basis for the organization's policy positions. Beginning in 1977, a mid-year conference in May or June was added to provide further opportunities for in-depth exploration of issues.
Since its inauguration, NCAI has worked on a wide variety of issues facing Indians in the US. Some of those issues include voting rights, land claims, education, economic development, natural resource protection and management, nuclear waste, repatriation, and government-to-government relations with the federal government. In 1954, NCAI organized an emergency conference to protest the US government's newly-announced termination policy. NCAI has also frequently worked closely with other Indian organizations, such as the Native American Rights Fund and National Tribal Chairmen's Association, and with various government bodies, such as the Bureau of Indian Affairs and Indian Health Service.
Summary:
The NCAI records document the organization's work, particularly that of its office in Washington, DC, and the wide variety of issues faced by American Indians in the twentieth century. The bulk of the material relates to legislation, lobbying, and NCAI's interactions with various governmental bodies. A large segment also concerns the annual conventions and executive council and executive committee meetings. Finally, the records also document the operations of the NCAI, including personnel, financial, and fundraising material. The collection also includes the records of two of NCAI's Executive Directors, Charles E. "Chuck" Trimble (1972-1977) and Suzan Shown Harjo (1984-1989). Included are correspondence, publications, reports, administrative records, photographs, and audio and video recordings.
Cite as:
National Congress of American Indians Records, National Museum of the American Indian Archive Center, Smithsonian Institution
Topic:
Alaska Natives--Land tenure
Indians of North America--Civil rights
Indians of North America--Economic conditions
Indians of North America--Government relations
Indians of North America--Legal status, laws, etc
Indians of North America--Politics and government
Indians of North America--Social conditions
Indian termination policy
Radioactive wastes--Management
Trail of Broken Treaties, 1972
Local number:
NMAI.AC.010
Restrictions:
Access to NMAI Archive Center collections is by appointment only, Monday - Friday, 9:30 am - 4:30 pm. Please contact the archives to make an appointment (phone: 301-238-1400, email: nmaiarchives@si.edu)
See more items in:
National Congress of American Indians records 1933-1990 (bulk 1944-1989)
Data Source:
Smithsonian Institution National Museum of the American Indian Archives

National Congress of American Indians audio and film recordings 1952-1997

Creator:
National Congress of American Indians
Subject:
Harjo, Suzan Shown
Trimble, Charles E
Deloria, Vine
Tonasket, Mel
Delacruz, Joseph B
Physical description:
713 sound cassettes
442 sound tape reels 1/4 inch open reel
30 videocassettes (u-matic)
24 videoreels (1/2 inch)
10 videocassettes (vhs)
3 sound cartridges
1 videocassette (hi8)
1 dictaphone belt
Type:
Audio cassettes
Collection descriptions
Audiotapes
Audiovisual materials
Date:
1952
1952-1997
20th century
Notes:
The National Congress of America Indians, which describes itself as the oldest and largest American Indian and Alaskan Native organization in the United States, was founded on November 16, 1944, in Denver, CO. NCAI was intended to serve as a link between individual tribal councils and the United States government, by defining and helping to crystallize Indian thought on the administration of Indian affairs. The Congress also aimed to educate the general public about Indians, preserve Indian cultural values, protect treaty rights with the United States, and promote Indian welfare. Conventions have been held annually in the fall since the formation of the NCAI in 1944. Since 1977, mid-year conferences have been held in May or June of each year, to allow more frequent and thorough discussion of issues. The resolutions passed at these conventions are the basis for all policy of the Executive Committee and Executive Director between meetings. The conventions are also used for informational sessions and meetings of standing and special committees of NCAI. One or two-day workshops may also be held on special topics or Congressional issues of particular concern. The National Congress of American Indians is still active today, continuing its work of lobbying, support for tribal governments, and advocacy for American Indian issues.
Summary:
This collection of National Congress of America Indians Audio and Film Recordings contains materials created by and for NCAI to maintain a record of organizational proceedings and events between 1952 and 1997. Recorded in various formats, the bulk of this collection is on 1/4" open reel to reel tapes and sound cassettes. The collection also contains smaller numbers of EIAJ open reel videotapes, U-Matic, VHS and Hi-8 videocassettes and well as dictaphone belts and audio cartridges. The first series in this collection contains audio recordings from NCAI annual and mid-year convetions held in different locations all over the United States. The second series includes events hosted by NCAI or attended by NCAI representatives. These include executive council meetings, congressional hearings, intertribal institutes and a variety of workshops and meetings regarding economic, civil and educational issues facing indian country. Several larger events include the Arizona Intertribal Institute (1955), The National Indian Policy Conference (1974), LEAA Conference (1978), Environmental Protection Hearings and Seminars (1988) and the Senate Indian Affairs Special Investigations Subcommittee meetings (1989). A conference held in 1993 also documents the early history of NCAI with speakers such as Helen Peterson, John Rainer and Erma Hicks Walz.
Cite as:
National Museum of the American Indian Archive Center, Smithsonian Institution
Topic:
Congresses and conventions
Indians of North America--Civil rights
Indians of North America--Economic conditions
Indians of North America--Government relations
Indians of North America--Social conditions
Open reel
Local number:
NMAI.AC.010.001
Restrictions:
Access is by appointment only, Monday - Friday, 9:30 am - 4:30 pm. Please contact the archives to make an appointment
See more items in:
National Congress of American Indians records 1933-1990 (bulk 1944-1989)
Data Source:
Smithsonian Institution National Museum of the American Indian Archives

The Indians of Canada / by Diamond Jenness

Author:
Jenness, Diamond 1886-1969
Physical description:
x, 446 pages, 7 unnumbered leaves of color plates : illustrations, maps ; 26 cm + 1 map (76 x 52 cm, folded to 17 x 13 cm)
Type:
Books
Place:
Canada
Date:
1932
Notes:
Canada. Department of mines. National museum of Canada -- t.p. recto.
Folded map in pocket.
Contents:
Languages -- Economic conditions -- Food resources -- Hunting and fishing -- Dress and adornment -- Dwellings -- Travel and transportation, trade and commerce -- Social and political organization - primitive migratory tribes -- Social and political organization - Iroquoians and Pacific Coast tribes -- Social life -- Religion -- Folk-lore and traditions -- Oratory and drama, music and art -- Archæological remains -- Who are the Indians? -- Interaction of Indians and whites -- Migratory tribes of the eastern woodlands -- Agricultural tribes of the eastern woodlands -- Plains' tribes -- Tribes of the Pacific Coast -- Tribes of the Cordillera --Tribes of the Mackenzie and Yukon River basins -- The Eskimo
Call number:
E78.C2 J54
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries

The indians of Canada / by Diamond Jenness

Author:
Jenness, Diamond 1886-1969
Physical description:
xii, 452 pages, 7 unnumbered leaves of color plates : illustrations, maps ; 26 cm + 1 map (66 x 50 cm, folded to 23 x 13 cm)
Type:
Books
Place:
Canada
Date:
1955
[1955]
Notes:
Folded map in pocket.
"Identical in both material and illustrations with those of the preceding edition with the exception that Appendix C has been added." -- Foreword.
Contents:
Languages -- Economic conditions -- Food resources -- Hunting and fishing -- Dress and adornment -- Dwellings -- Travel and transportation, trade and commerce -- Social and political organization - primitive migratory tribes -- Social and political organization - Iroquoians and Pacific Coast tribes -- Social life -- Religion -- Folk-lore and traditions -- Oratory and drama, music and art -- Archæological remains -- Who are the Indians? -- Interaction of Indians and whites -- Migratory tribes of the eastern woodlands -- Agricultural tribes of the eastern woodlands -- Plains' tribes -- Tribes of the Pacific Coast -- Tribes of the Cordillera --Tribes of the Mackenzie and Yukon River basins -- The Eskimo
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries

Physiological and medical observations among the Indians of southwestern United States and northern Mexico / by Aleš Hrdlička

Author:
Hrdlička, Aleš 1869-1943
Physical description:
ix, 460 p., [28] leaves of plates : ill. ; 23 cm
Type:
Books
Place:
Southwest, New
United States
Mexico
Date:
1908
Contents:
Introduction -- General environment -- Indian population -- Subdivisions of the tribes -- Personal environment -- Food -- Alcoholic drinks -- General habits of life, character, and social condition -- Physiology -- Notes on social abnormalities -- Medical observations -- Indian conception of disease, its prevention and treatment; folk medicine and medicine-men -- Appendix
Topic:
Anthropometry
Call number:
E59.A55 H74 1908
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries

A survey of the contemporary Indians of Canada; a report on economic, political, educational needs and policies. Editor, H. B. Hawthorn

Author:
Hawthorn, Harry Bertram 1910-
Canada Indian Affairs Branch
Physical description:
2 v. 36 cm
Type:
Books
Place:
Canada
Date:
1966
1966-67
Topic:
Social conditions
Government relations
Call number:
E78.C2 H39
E78.C2 H39
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries

Indian women of early Mexico / edited by Susan Schroeder, Stephanie Wood, and Robert Haskett

Author:
Schroeder, Susan
Wood, Stephanie Gail 1954-
Haskett, Robert Stephen 1952-
Physical description:
x, 486 p. : ill., maps ; 23 cm
Type:
Books
Place:
Mexico
Date:
1997
C1997
Contents:
Mexica women on the home front : housework and religion in Aztec Mexico / Louise M. Burkhart -- Aztec wives / Arthur J. O. Anderson -- Indian-Spanish marriages in the first century of the colony / Pedro Carrasco -- Gender and social identity : Nahua naming patterns in postconquest Central Mexico / Rebecca Horn -- From parallel and equivalent to separate but unequal : Tenochca Mexica women, 1500-1700 / Susan Kellogg -- Activist or adulteress? The life and struggle of Doña Josefa María of Tepoztlan / Robert Haskett -- Matters of life at death : Nahuatl testaments of rural women, 1589-1801 / Stephanie Wood -- Mixteca cacicas : status, wealth, and the political accommodation of native elite women in early colonial Oaxaca / Ronald Spores -- Women and crime in colonial Oaxaca : evidence of complementary gender roles in Mixtec and Zapotec societies / Lisa Mary Sousa -- Women, rebellion, and the moral economy of Maya peasants in colonial Mexico / Kevin Gosner -- Work, marriage, and status : Maya women of colonial Yucatan / Marta Espejo-Ponce Hunt and Matthew Restall -- Double jeopardy : Indian women in Jesuit missions of Nueva Vizcaya / Susan M. Deeds -- Women's voices from the frontier : San Esteban de Nueva Tlaxcala in the late eighteenth century / Leslie S. Offutt -- Rethinking Malinche / Frances Karttunen
Topic:
Indian women--History--Sources
Indian women--Ethnic identity
Indian women--Social conditions
Ethnohistory
Social life and customs
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries

Indians of the southeastern United States in the late 20th century / edited by J. Anthony Paredes

Author:
Paredes, J. Anthony (James Anthony) 1939-
Physical description:
xii, 240 p. : ill., maps ; 23 cm
Type:
Books
Place:
Southern States
Date:
1992
C1992
Contents:
Indian Virginians on the move / Helen C. Rountree -- Adaptation and the contemporary North Carolina Cherokee Indians / Sharlotte Neely -- State-recognized Indians of North Carolina, including a history of the Waccamaw Sioux / Patricia Barker Lerch -- Contemporary Native Americans in South Carolina / Wesley DuRant Taukchiray and Alice Bee Kasakoff ; with photographs by Gene Joseph Crediford -- Seminoles and Miccosukees : a century in retrospective / Harry A. Kersey, Jr. -- Federal recognition and the Poarch Creek Indians / J. Anthony Paredes -- Choctaw self-determination in the 1980s / John H. Peterson, Jr. -- The Louisiana tribes : entering hard times / Hiram F. Gregory -- Overview of southeastern Indian tribes today / George Roth
Topic:
Social conditions
Government relations
Call number:
E78.S65I53 1992X
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries

Folkloric poverty : neoliberal multiculturalism in Mexico / Rebecca Overmyer-Velázquez

Author:
Overmyer-Velázquez, Rebecca 1966-
Physical description:
xiii, 209 p. : ill., maps ; 24 cm
Type:
Books
Place:
Mexico
Guerrero (State)
Guerrero (Mexico : State)
Date:
2010
C2010
Summary:
"Analyzes the crisis indigenous political groups faced in Mexico at the turn of the twenty-first century. Focuses on an indigenous peoples movement in the state of Guerrero that gained unprecedented national and international prominence in the 1990s and yet was defunct by 2002"--Provided by publisher.
Topic:
Indians of Mexico--Politics and government
Indians of Mexico--Government relations
Indians of Mexico--Ethnic identity
Indian activists
Protest movements
Ethnic relations
Social conditions
Politics and government
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries

Man-gods in the Mexican highlands : Indian power and colonial society, 1550-1800 / Serge Gruzinski ; translated from the French by Eileen Corrigan

Author:
Gruzinski, Serge
Physical description:
223 p. : maps ; 23 cm
Type:
Books
Place:
Mexico
Date:
1989
To 1810
Notes:
Translation of: Hommes-dieux du Mexique.
Includes index.
Topic:
Religion
Indian mythology
Messianism
Social conditions
Call number:
F1219.3.R38G7813 1989X
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries

Drinking, homicide & rebellion in colonial Mexican villages / William B. Taylor

Author:
Taylor, William B
Physical description:
242 p. : maps ; 24 cm
Type:
Books
Place:
Mexico
Date:
1979
Notes:
Includes index.
Topic:
Social conditions
Alcohol use
Indian criminals
Peasantry
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries

"Enough to keep them alive" : Indian welfare in Canada, 1873-1965 / Hugh Shewell

Author:
Shewell, Hugh 1947-
Physical description:
xii, 441 p. ; 24 cm
Type:
Books
Place:
Canada
Date:
2004
C2004
Topic:
Public welfare
Economic conditions
Indian reservations
Social policy
Economic policy
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries

Report of the Committee on Indian Affairs, United States Senate, on the condition of the Indians in the Indian Territory, and on other reservations, etc

Author:
United States Congress Senate Committee on Indian Affairs
Physical description:
2 v. ; 23 cm
Type:
Books
Date:
1886
1869-1934
Notes:
Title on added t.p.: Testimony taken by the Committee on Indian Affairs of the United States Senate in relation to the condition of the Indian tribes in the Indian Territory, and upon other reservations, under resolutions of the Senate of June 11 and December 3, 1884, and February 23, 1885.
Running title: Condition of certain Indian tribes.
Includes index.
Topic:
Government relations
Social conditions
Indian land transfers
Call number:
E93 .U582 1886
E93.U582 1886
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries

Indian reservations in the United States : territory, sovereignty, and socioeconomic change / Klaus Frantz

Author:
Frantz, Klaus
Physical description:
xxvi, 370 p. : ill., maps ; 23 cm
Type:
Books
Place:
United States
Date:
1999
C1999
Topic:
Indian reservations
Social conditions
Economic conditions
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries

Lessons from an Indian day school : negotiating colonization in northern New Mexico, 1902-1907 / Adrea Lawrence

Author:
Lawrence, Adrea
Physical description:
x, 309 p. : ill., maps ; 24 cm
Type:
Books
Place:
Pueblo of Santa Clara, New Mexico
Date:
2011
C2011
Topic:
Indians of North America--Education--History
Indian students--Social conditions
Teachers, White--Attitudes
Racism in education--History
History
Social conditions
Race relations
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries

Reservation "capitalism" : economic development in Indian country / Robert J. Miller

Author:
Miller, Robert J
Physical description:
xii, 208 pages ; 24 cm
Type:
Books
Place:
United States
Date:
2012
©2012
Contents:
Historic American Indian economies and property rights -- Euro-American impacts on American Indian economies -- Current economic activity in Indian country -- Tribal gaming -- Attracting investments -- Indian entrepreneurship -- Creating reservation economies
Summary:
"This unique book investigates the history and future of American Indian economic activities and explains why tribal governments and reservation communities must focus on creating sustainable privately and tribally owned businesses if reservation communities and tribal cultures are to continue to exist.
American Indians are the poorest people in the United States, and their reservations are the most poverty-stricken; as a result, they suffer from numerous social pathologies that accompany these economic conditions. Tragically, most tribal communities were historically prosperous, comprising healthy, vibrant societies sustained over hundreds or thousands of years.
Native American peoples suffer from health, educational, infrastructure, and social deficiencies that most Americans who live outside of tribal lands are wholly unaware of and would not tolerate. By creating sustainable economic development on reservations, however, gradual, long-term change can be effected, thereby improving the standard of living and sustaining tribal cultures.
Reservation "Capitalism": Economic Development in Indian Country supplies the true history, present-day circumstances, and potential future of Indian communities and economics. It provides key background information on indigenous economic systems and property rights regimes in what is now the United States, and explains how the vast majority of native lands and natural resource assets were lost. The book focuses on strategies for establishing privately and publicly owned economic activities on reservations and creating economies where reservation inhabitants can be employed, live, and buy the necessities of life, thereby enabling complete tribal self-sufficiency and self-determination."--Pub. desc.
Topic:
Economic conditions
Economic development
Gambling on Indian reservations
Indian business enterprises
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries

Social and economic survey of New York Indian reservations / conducted by Works Progress Administration ; sponsored by United States Indian Service, New York Agency ; co-sponsor State of New York Department of Social Welfare, Area Office No. 1

Author:
United States Works Progress Administration
United States Office of Indian Affairs
New York Department of Social Welfare
Physical description:
14 leaves ; 29 cm
Type:
Books
Place:
New York
Date:
1939
1939]
Notes:
"December 1939."
"Work project no. 54297."
Topic:
Indian reservations--Social conditions--Statistics
Indian reservations--Economic conditions--Statistics
Indians, Treatment of
Reservations
Call number:
E78.N7 U58 1939
E78.N7U58 1939
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries

America's concentration camps : the facts about our Indian reservations today / Carlos B. Embry

Author:
Embry, Carlos B. 1906-
Physical description:
242 p. ; 22 cm
Type:
Books
Date:
2002
1953
[c1956]
Notes:
Photocopy. Ann Arbor, Mich. : University Microfilms International, 2002. -- 24 cm.
Topic:
Indian reservations
Social conditions
Call number:
E93 .E43 1956a
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries

Reservation "capitalism" : economic development in indian country / Robert J. Miller ; foreword by Tom Daschle

Author:
Miller, Robert J
Physical description:
viii, 208 pages ; 23 cm
Type:
Books
Place:
United States
Date:
2013
2012
Notes:
Originally published: Santa Barbara, California : Praeger, 2012.
Contents:
Introduction -- Historic American Indian economics and property rights -- Euro-American impacts on American Indian economies -- Current economic activity in Indian country -- Tribal gaming -- Attracting investments -- Indian entrepreneurship -- Creating reservation economies -- Conclusion
Summary:
"Native American peoples suffer from health, educational, infrastructure, and social deficiencies of the sort that most Americans who live outside tribal lands are wholly unaware of and would not tolerate. Indians are the poorest people in the United States, and their reservations are appallingly poverty-stricken; not surprisingly, they suffer from the numerous social pathologies that invariably accompany such economic conditions. Historically, most tribal communities were prosperous, composed of healthy, vibrant societies sustained over hundreds and in some instances perhaps even thousands of years. By creating sustainable economic development on reservations, however, gradual long-term change can be effected, thereby improving the standard of living and sustaining tribal cultures. Reservation "Capitalism" relates the true history, describes present-day circumstances, and sketches the potential future of Indian communities and economics. It provides key background information on indigenous economic systems and property-rights regimes in what is now the United States and explains how the vast majority of Native lands and natural resource assets were lost. Robert J. Miller focuses on strategies for establishing public and private economic activities on reservations and for creating economies in which reservation inhabitants can be employed, live, and have access to the necessities of life, circumstances ultimately promoting complete tribal self-sufficiency. "-- Provided by publisher.
Topic:
Economic conditions
Economic development
Gambling on Indian reservations
Indian business enterprises
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries

Tiller's guide to Indian country : economic profiles of American Indian reservations / edited and compiled by Veronica E. Velarde Tiller

Guide to Indian countryEconomic profiles of American Indian reservations
Author:
Tiller, Veronica E. Velarde
Malcolm Wiener Center for Social Policy Harvard Project on American Indian Economic Development
Subject:
Honoring Contributions in the Governance of American Indian Nations (Program)
Physical description:
xviii, 1120 p. : ill., maps ; 29 cm
Type:
Directories
Place:
United States
Date:
2005
Notes:
"Featuring Honoring Nations from Harvard University's Project on American Indian Economic Development."
Topic:
Indian reservations--Economic aspects
Economic conditions
Indian business enterprises
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries

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