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National Congress of American Indians records, 1933-1990 (bulk 1944-1989)

Creator:
National Congress of American Indians
Subject:
Bronson, Ruth Muskrat
Curry, James E. 1907-1972
Deloria, Vine
Harjo, Suzan Shown
McNickle, D'Arcy 1904-1977
Peterson, Helen L
Snake, Reuben 1937-1993
Tonasket, Mel
Trimble, Charles E
Arrow, Inc
National Congress of American Indians
National Tribal Chairmen's Association
United Effort Trust
United States American Indian Policy Review Commission
United States Bureau of Indian Affairs
United States Indian Claims Commission
Physical description:
251 linear feet
Type:
Administrative records
Collection descriptions
Audiotapes
Clippings
Correspondence
Financial records
Photographs
Videotapes
Place:
United States
Date:
1933
1933-1990
bulk 1944-1989
20th century
1934-
Topic:
Alaska Natives--Land tenure
Indians of North America--Civil rights
Indians of North America--Economic conditions
Indians of North America--Government relations
Indians of North America--Legal status, laws, etc
Indians of North America--Politics and government
Indians of North America--Social conditions
Indian termination policy
Radioactive wastes--Management
Trail of Broken Treaties, 1972
Local number:
NMAI.AC.010
Notes:
The National Congress of American Indians (NCAI) is a major American Indian advocacy organization, designed to serve as a link between tribal governments and the United States government. NCAI was founded in 1944, in Denver, CO, as a membership organization for "persons of Indian blood." In 1955, group membership was limited to recognized tribes, committees, or bands. The organization is overseen by an Executive Council, which selects a five-member Executive Committee and an Executive Director. The Executive Director is then responsible for managing the organization's staff and overseeing its initiatives and everyday operations. Since 1944, NCAI has held annual conventions in the fall to elect officers and pass resolutions, which become the basis for the organization's policy positions. Beginning in 1977, a mid-year conference in May or June was added to provide further opportunities for in-depth exploration of issues
Since its inauguration, NCAI has worked on a wide variety of issues facing Indians in the US. Some of those issues include voting rights, land claims, education, economic development, natural resource protection and management, nuclear waste, repatriation, and government-to-government relations with the federal government. In 1954, NCAI organized an emergency conference to protest the US government's newly-announced termination policy. NCAI has also frequently worked closely with other Indian organizations, such as the Native American Rights Fund and National Tribal Chairmen's Association, and with various government bodies, such as the Bureau of Indian Affairs and Indian Health Service
Summary:
The NCAI records document the organization's work, particularly that of its office in Washington, DC, and the wide variety of issues faced by American Indians in the twentieth century. The bulk of the material relates to legislation, lobbying, and NCAI's interactions with various governmental bodies. A large segment also concerns the annual conventions and executive council and executive committee meetings. Finally, the records also document the operations of the NCAI, including personnel, financial, and fundraising material. The collection also includes the records of two of NCAI's Executive Directors, Charles E. "Chuck" Trimble (1972-1977) and Suzan Shown Harjo (1984-1989). Included are correspondence, publications, reports, administrative records, photographs, and audio and video recordings
Cite as:
National Congress of American Indians Records, National Museum of the American Indian Archive Center, Smithsonian Institution
Data Source:
Smithsonian Institution National Museum of the American Indian Archives
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Ralph Leon Beals Papers 1919-1970

Creator:
Beals, Ralph Leon 1901-1985
Bacon, Elizabeth
Barney, R. A
Boggs, Stephen Taylor
Brand, Donald Dilworth
Broom, Leonard
Caso, Alfonso
Cassady, Ralph C
Depouy, Walter
Dixon, Keith A
DuBois, Cora
Epling, Carl
Frantz, Charles
Goldschmidt, Walter Rochs
Halpern, Abraham Meyer
Hammond, Peter Boyd
Hare, Peter
Hester, Joseph Aaron Jr
Hoijer, Harry
Horowitz, Irving Louis
Hugg, Lee
Humphrey, Norman D
Johnson, Virginia R
Kennedy, George
Kerr, Clark
Kirchhoff, Paul
Kroeber, A. L (Alfred Louis) 1876-1960
Lessa, William Armand
Lowie, Robert Harry
McCown, T. C
Morton, Perry W
Murdock, George Peter 1897-1985
Nutini, Hugo Gino
Opler, Marvin Kaufmann
Rubin de la Borbolla, Daniel F
De Laguna, Frederica 1906-2004
Shevky, Eshrev
Smith, M. Brewster
Spier, Leslie
Sproul, Robert G
Steward, Julian Haynes 1902-1972
Strauss, Louise
Strong, William Duncan 1899-1962
Warner, William Lloyd
Wheeler-Voegelin, Erminie 1903-1988
Woodbury, Richard Benjamin
Young, Donald R
Zeitlin, Jacob
Subject:
Parsons, Elsie Clews
Castenada, Carlos
University of California at Los Angeles Department of Anthropology and Sociology
Inter-American Society of Anthropology and Geography
Social Science Research Council Committee on Cross-Cultural Education
American Anthropological Association ethics
Physical description:
48 linear feet
Culture:
Maidu Southern Maidu
American Indian California
Mayo
Yaqui Indians
Quechua
Huichol
Mixe
Cora Indians
Nisenan Indians
Tarascans
Mexican Americans
Indians of North America California
Indians of North America Southwest, New
Type:
Archival materials
Collection descriptions
Place:
Mexico
Peru
Argentina
Date:
1919-1970
Topic:
Markets
Anthropology--applied anthropology
Acta Americana
Restrictions:
Some personal materials have been restricted but Beals has provided edited copies for the use of current researchers. In addition, field assistants' materials have been restricted for the lifetime of the creators
Notes:
Ralph Leon Beals was trained in anthropology at the University of California at Berkeley under Robert H. Lowie, Edward W. Gifford, and, especially, Alfred Louis Kroeber. After a brief period of work for the National Park Service following graduation, he became an instructor in anthropology at Berkeley and, in 1936, as an anthropologist, joined the Department of Psychology at the University of California at Los Angeles. There he organized the Department of Anthropology and Sociology and served as its chairman in 1941-1948. He was also chairman of the UCLA Department of Anthropology in 1964-1965. In 1969, he became an professor emertius of the university
Beals's research has focused primarily on California, the American Southwest, and Latin America, especially Mexico. In California, he carried out an ethnological survey of the Southern Maidu (Nisenan) during the summer of 1929, working under Kroeber and supported in part by funds from the Bureau of American Ethnology's Cooperative Ethnological Research program. In 1937-1938, he was a member of the Rainbow Bridge-Monument Valley Expedition under the direction of Ansel F. Hall and excavated an archeological site in Cobra Head Wash in Arizona. In 1948-1949, he studied conditions at Hicks Camp, a Mexican settlement in southern California, and in 1945-1955 Beals headed a project for the
United States Department of Justice to study traditional land utilization by California Indians. The study was related to Indian land claims cases
Beals's involvement in Mexico can be traced to a 1918-1919 tramp through Sonora and Sinaloa that included a rather long sojourn with a Mexican family. In his later academic interest in the area, he was at the forefront of a movement of American anthropologists and geographers to fill some of the gaps in the ethnographic and archeological knowledge about northern Mexico, of interest largely because it lay in the way of possible influences passing between the American Southwest and the highly developed cultures of Mesoamerica. In 1930-1932, Beals worked among he Yaqui and Mayo; in 1932, with Elsie Clews Parsons , he worked among the Cora and Huichol found at Tepic, Nayarit; and, in 1933
among the western Mixe of Oaxaca. With these groups and with the tribes of northern Mexico in general, he concerned himself with both the ethnography of contemporary cultures and the reconstruction of the cultures at the time of contact with Whites. Given the current of anthropology of the time, a family background of social concern, his historical interest in cultures with a long history of influence by Europeans, and his witness of rapid change and strong modern economic influences among Indian tribes, Beals came to treat largely with social anthropology, problems of acculturation, and studies useful in applied aspects of anthropology
In 1938, Beals took part with Daniel Rubin de la Borbolla, Alfonso Caso, John Montgomery Cooper, and Alfred Louis Kroeber in planning a multidisciplinary study of the Tarascans, a project which aimed at a comprehensive examination useful in formulating government policies and programs. Under its auspices, Beals and several collaborators and assistants carried out ethnographic and social anthroplogical studies at Cheran. In 1948-1949, he studied the economic systems of the Quechua village of Nayon, Peru, and cultural and social changes accompanying the shift from a subsistence to a marketplace economy. In 1963, he collected kinship data from students at the Institute of Sociology in Buenos Aires, Argentina. In 1965, he began a detaile
study of the large, traditional market system of eastern Oaxaca in Mexico. In this latter work, Beals was assisted by many scholars and students over a five-year period
Beals has had active ties with many organizations concerned with anthropology and the social sciences and to some he has given extraordinary service. During 1942-1943, he was in charge of a program of cooperating in the social sciences between institutions in Latin American and the Smithsonian Institution. In that capacity, he was charged with the establishment of the Inter-American Society for Anthropology and Geography. From 1943-1948, he edited the Society's journal Acta Americana, intially fulfilling official obligations but, after 1944 and his return to teaching, donating his time for the work. He was a collaborator with the Smithsonian's Institute for Social Anthropology in 1944-1951
A member of the Social Science Research Council from 1946-1962, Beals undertook a study on its behalf of conditions in Latin American social science. In 1952. he carried out a project with Norman D. Humphrey for the Council's Committee on Cross-Cultural Education that involved an investigation of the experiences of Mexican students who were studying in the United States. He also served the American Anthropological Association as a member of its executive council from 1947-1949, vice president in 1949, and president in 1950. In 1965, the AAA, concerned with the use of anthropologists by government security agencies, asked Beals to study the ethics involved in anthropological research and related problems that result from government and
and other organizational affiliations. Beals's report, prepared with cooperation from many research scholars, became the basis for the work of the AAA's ethics committee
Beals has had many other organizational ties and responsibilities. He served as technical advisor for the United States delegation to the First Inter-American Indianists Conference at Patzcuarol, Mexico, in 1939; chairman of the Cross-Cultural Education Committee of the Social Science Research council from 1953 to 1960; member of the executive committee of the Society for American Archaeology from 1954 to 1957; and president of the Southwest Anthropological Association in 1958. He also served on several other committees and had editorial duties with the Handbook of Latin American Studies, American Anthropologist, adnNotes on Latin American Studies. He has been honored with several honorary professorhsips at Latin American universities
Summary:
The Beals papers in the National Anthropological Archives include field notes, correspondence, printed materials, copies of historical documents, drafts and final manuscripts of writings, photographs, and cartographic materials. Most relate to research projects and sometimes include materials of colleagues and assistants. Especially notable is the abundant material regarding Oaxaca markets. There are some materials relating to aspects of Beals's career other than his research but they are generally widely distributed throughout the collection. Materials relating to events that happened to occur at the time of certain field work are often interfiled with the material relating to that certain field work
There are also some personal materials included. Conspicuously missing from the papers are notes on Beals's archeological work, which he has retained. There are relatively few materials relating to his teaching career, although some of the letters exchanged with Alfred Louis Kroeber concern the establishment of anthropology at the University of California at Los Angeles; and correspondence with students in the field concerns teaching as well as research activities. A typesript of notes on the Nisenan are at the Bancroft Library of the University of California at Berkeley
Some of the letters concern Elsie Clews Parsons and Carlos Castenada
Cite as:
Ralph Leon Beals Papers, National Anthropological Archives, Smithsonian Institution
Data Source:
National Anthropological Archives
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A sermon at the execution of Moses Paul, an Indian : who had been guilty of murder, preached at New Haven in America / by Samson Occom, a native Indian, and missionary to the Indians, who was in England in 1776 and 1777 [i.e 1766 and 1767], collecting for the Indian charity schools ; to which is added a short account of the late spread of the Gospel among the Indians ; also observations on the language of the Muhhekaneew Indians, communicated to the Connecticut Society of Arts and Sciences by Jonathan Edwards, D.D

Mr. Occom's sermon at the execution of Moses Paul
Author:
Occom, Samson 1723-1792
Rippon, John 1751-1836
Subject:
Paul, Moses 1742-1772
Physical description:
iv, [1], 6-24 p. ; 21 cm. (8vo)
Type:
Books
Place:
Connecticut
New Haven
Date:
1788
18th century
Topic:
Sermons, American
Execution sermons
Social conditions
Call number:
E90.P330 O2X 1788
Notes:
First published in 1772
"Advertisement" on verso of t.p. signed by editor: I. Rippon
Signatures: A⁸ B⁴
Pilling, J.C. Algonquian languages, p. 124-125
Sabin 56636
Data Source:
Smithsonian Institution Libraries
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Report of a visit to some of the tribes of Indians, located west of the Mississippi River / by John D. Lang, and Samuel Taylor, Jun

Report to the Committee of New England and New-York Yearly Meetings of Friends, on the concern for the Indians located west of the Mississippi River
Author:
Lang, John D
Taylor, Samuel 1797-1875
New England Yearly Meeting of Friends
New York Yearly Meeting of the Religious Society of Friends
Former owner:
Powell, John Wesley 1834-1902 DSI
Physical description:
34 p. ; 22 cm
Type:
Books
Place:
United States
Mississippi River Valley
Date:
1843
Topic:
Social conditions
Indians, Treatment of
Call number:
E77 .L26X 1843
Notes:
Report made to a committee of the New England and New York Yearly Meetings of Friends, concerning the condition of about twenty tribes
Another ed. was published at Providence, R.I. in the same year
Checklist Amer. imprints, 43-2930
Sabin 38868
Howes, W. U.S.iana, L72
Wagner-Camp (4th ed.), 96:1
Data Source:
Smithsonian Institution Libraries
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Physiological and medical observations among the Indians of southwestern United States and northern Mexico / by Aleš Hrdlička

Author:
Hrdlička, Aleš 1869-1943
Physical description:
ix, 460 p., [28] leaves of plates : ill. ; 23 cm
Type:
Books
Place:
Southwest, New
United States
Mexico
Date:
1908
Topic:
Anthropometry
Call number:
E59.A55 H74 1908
Contents:
Introduction -- General environment -- Indian population -- Subdivisions of the tribes -- Personal environment -- Food -- Alcoholic drinks -- General habits of life, character, and social condition -- Physiology -- Notes on social abnormalities -- Medical observations -- Indian conception of disease, its prevention and treatment; folk medicine and medicine-men -- Appendix
Data Source:
Smithsonian Institution Libraries
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A survey of the contemporary Indians of Canada; a report on economic, political, educational needs and policies. Editor, H. B. Hawthorn

Author:
Hawthorn, Harry Bertram 1910-
Canada Indian Affairs Branch
Physical description:
2 v. 36 cm
Type:
Books
Place:
Canada
Date:
1966
1966-67
Topic:
Social conditions
Government relations
Call number:
E78.C2 H39
Data Source:
Smithsonian Institution Libraries
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Indian women of early Mexico / edited by Susan Schroeder, Stephanie Wood, and Robert Haskett

Author:
Schroeder, Susan
Wood, Stephanie Gail 1954-
Haskett, Robert Stephen 1952-
Physical description:
x, 486 p. : ill., maps ; 23 cm
Type:
Books
Place:
Mexico
Date:
1997
C1997
Topic:
Indian women--History--Sources
Indian women--Ethnic identity
Indian women--Social conditions
Ethnohistory
Social life and customs
Contents:
Mexica women on the home front : housework and religion in Aztec Mexico / Louise M. Burkhart -- Aztec wives / Arthur J. O. Anderson -- Indian-Spanish marriages in the first century of the colony / Pedro Carrasco -- Gender and social identity : Nahua naming patterns in postconquest Central Mexico / Rebecca Horn -- From parallel and equivalent to separate but unequal : Tenochca Mexica women, 1500-1700 / Susan Kellogg -- Activist or adulteress? The life and struggle of Doña Josefa María of Tepoztlan / Robert Haskett -- Matters of life at death : Nahuatl testaments of rural women, 1589-1801 / Stephanie Wood -- Mixteca cacicas : status, wealth, and the political accommodation of native elite women in early colonial Oaxaca / Ronald Spores -- Women and crime in colonial Oaxaca : evidence of complementary gender roles in Mixtec and Zapotec societies / Lisa Mary Sousa -- Women, rebellion, and the moral economy of Maya peasants in colonial Mexico / Kevin Gosner -- Work, marriage, and status : Maya women of colonial Yucatan / Marta Espejo-Ponce Hunt and Matthew Restall -- Double jeopardy : Indian women in Jesuit missions of Nueva Vizcaya / Susan M. Deeds -- Women's voices from the frontier : San Esteban de Nueva Tlaxcala in the late eighteenth century / Leslie S. Offutt -- Rethinking Malinche / Frances Karttunen
Data Source:
Smithsonian Institution Libraries
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Indians of the southeastern United States in the late 20th century / edited by J. Anthony Paredes

Author:
Paredes, J. Anthony (James Anthony) 1939-
Physical description:
xii, 240 p. : ill., maps ; 23 cm
Type:
Books
Place:
Southern States
Date:
1992
C1992
Topic:
Social conditions
Government relations
Contents:
Indian Virginians on the move / Helen C. Rountree -- Adaptation and the contemporary North Carolina Cherokee Indians / Sharlotte Neely -- State-recognized Indians of North Carolina, including a history of the Waccamaw Sioux / Patricia Barker Lerch -- Contemporary Native Americans in South Carolina / Wesley DuRant Taukchiray and Alice Bee Kasakoff ; with photographs by Gene Joseph Crediford -- Seminoles and Miccosukees : a century in retrospective / Harry A. Kersey, Jr. -- Federal recognition and the Poarch Creek Indians / J. Anthony Paredes -- Choctaw self-determination in the 1980s / John H. Peterson, Jr. -- The Louisiana tribes : entering hard times / Hiram F. Gregory -- Overview of southeastern Indian tribes today / George Roth
Data Source:
Smithsonian Institution Libraries
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AUFS Bolivia Aymara Film Project, 1973 [supplied] 75.2.2 1973

Creator:
Smith, Hubert director(1938- )
Physical description:
40,000 ft (18 hrs) sound color video
Culture:
Aymara Indians
Mestizos Bolivia
Type:
Projected media
Collection descriptions
Place:
Bolivia
Fiesta of San Lorenzo in Ayata
traditional
Bolivia2HRAF
mestizo
South America
Date:
1973
Topic:
Syncretism--Aymara
Agriculture
Harvests--potatoes--ocha--division of harvest
Festivals--religious--Aymara--mestizo--Fiesta of Santiago in Vitocota--processions--Dea de la Bandeta (Flag Day)
Curing--brujos
Drinking--social--festivals--ritualistic--drunkenness
Alcoholic beverages--chicha--manufacture of--fermented cane juice--drinking of
Chicha--drinking--manufacture of--festivals
Coca--use of
Divination--use of coca in--Aymara
Weaving--looms--Aymara
Disputes--settlement of--boundaries
Spirit possession--suicide
Musical instruments--flutes--drums--playing the kena-kena(straigt flute)--festivals
Herding--pigs--sheep--llamas--alpacas
Markets--transportation of produce to--shopping at--trade
Mills--sugar cane
Dancing--Festival of Santiago--mestizo--Indian--snake dance
Sports--soccer
Planting--potatoes--ochas--corn--methods--consideration of saints' days in
Abortion--ideas about--birth control
Ploughing
Haciendas--prohibition of system
Cultivation--corn
Labour--mestizo hired--conditions--division of between men and women--conflict of with education--wages
Originarios--land-owners
Music--hymns--brass bands--phonograph records--singing of patriotic songs
Magic--divinations--sacrifices--invocations--magical objects
Libations--offering of--chanting
Sacrifice--invocations
Washing--clothes
Churches--icons
Costume--dance--masks
Masks--dance--characters
Prayer--lamentations--Santiago
Shelters--lamars--Festival of Santiago
Ritual--lamars--arcos--coca
Children--treatment of--relations between mestizo and Aymara--education of
Drunkenness--festivals--attitudes towards
Games--soccer
Police--Aymara--mestizos' relations with
Debts--collection of
Icons--Santiago--San Lorenzo
Visions--of Santiago
Social system--Agrarian reform--criticism of
Medicine--western--travelling "physician"
Education--directives--schools--instruction--conflict of with labour--teachers--language of instruction
Conversation
Food--eating boiled corn--eating soup--eating boiled calla--eating freeze-dried ocha--buthchering lamb--Alliance for Progress donations
Schools
Households--chores
Houses--adobe--construction of--habitability
Meat--butchering of lamb
Butchering--lamb
Wills--and testaments--drafting of--division of estate
Spouses--physical abuse of
Suicide--spirit possession
Boundaries--fields--disputes
Military--conscription
Local number:
HSFA 75.2.2
Notes:
Supplementary materials: 1,2,3,4,6
Summary:
Full film record of the American Universities Field Staff "Faces of Change" film project in Bolivia. Footage was shot in a high Andes valley of western Bolivia in the villages of Ayata (a primarily mestizo town) and Vitocota (an Aymara Indian community), both located in Munecas Province, Department of La Paz. The project explored the nature of Altiplano social structure as manifest between the residents of these related communities, focusing on social and cultural factors which unite as well as divide them. Documentation includes: planting and harvesting of potatoes and ; manufacture of (corn beer); sheep herding; market days; the Fiesta of Santiago held conjointly between Vitocota and Ayata and the Fiesta of San Lorenzo in Ayata; dispute management and settlement which accompanies these celebrations; syncretic rites (using coca leaves) performed at the beginning of the Aymara year (August 1); the role of Aymara women in the Andean economy; and the syncretic nature of Altiplano Bolivian religious and magical beliefs and practices. The edited films VIRACOCHA, THE CHILDREN KNOW, POTATO PLANTERS, ANDEAN WOMEN, THE SPIRIT POSSESSION OF ALEJANDRO MAMANI, and MAGIC AND CATHOLICISM were produced from this film project
Data Source:
Human Studies Film Archives
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The Yakima Indians in 1942 1969

Creator:
Barnett, Homer Garner 1908-
Physical description:
157 pages
39 mounted photographs
Culture:
Yakama Indians
Indians of North America Plateau
Type:
Photographs
Collection descriptions
Date:
1969
Topic:
Yakama Indians
Education
Government and politics
Local number:
NAA MS 4867
Summary:
Report on "social, economic, educational, and political conditions among the Yakima Indians in the State of Washington."
Cite as:
Manuscript 4867, National Anthropological Archives, Smithsonian Institution
See more items in:
Numbered manuscripts 1850s-1980s (some earlier)
Data Source:
National Anthropological Archives
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Publications, 2009

Creator:
National Museum of the American Indian (U.S.) Office of Education and Museum Programs Publications Office
Subject:
Bunch, Lonnie G
Gover, Kevin 1955-
Tayac, Gabrielle
National Museum of African American History and Culture (U.S.)
Smithsonian Institution Traveling Exhibition Service
IndiVisible: African-Native American Lives in the Americas (Exhibition) (2009-2010: Washington, D.C.)
Physical description:
0.25 cu. ft. (1 half document box)
Type:
Books
Collection descriptions
Place:
United States
Date:
2009
Topic:
African Americans--History
African Americans--Race identity
African Americans--Relations with Indians
African Americans--Social conditions
Indians of North America--Ethnic identity
Indians of North America--History
Indians of North America--Social conditions
Museum publications
Ethnic relations
Local number:
SIA Acc. 10-028
Summary:
This accession consists of the National Museum of the American Indian (NMAI) publication, "IndiVisible: African-Native American Lives in the Americas." This publication and associated exhibition were collaborative projects with the National Museum of African American History and Culture (NMAAHC) and the Smithsonian Institution Traveling Exhibition Service. Edited by Gabrielle Tayac, it features a foreword by NMAI Director Kevin Gover and NMAAHC Director, Lonnie G. Bunch, as well as essays by 27 scholars and community culture bearers. "IndiVisible: African-Native American Lives in the Americas" examines the story of Native American and African American intersections and speaks to the struggles for racial identity and understanding
See more items in:
Publications 1994, 2003-2011 [National Museum of the American Indian (U.S.) Office of Education and Museum Programs Publications Office]
Data Source:
Smithsonian Institution Archives
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American Indian Chicago Conference Records 1960-1966

Creator:
Tax, Sol 1907-
Blatchford, Herbert
Talking Eagle, Lightfoot
Cherokee Printing Project
Field Foundation
National Congress of American Indians
United States. Department of the Interior
Correspondent:
Ablon, Joan
Bahti, Tom
Barrett, S. A (Samuel Alfred) 1879-1965
Bearskin, Ben
Berry, J. Brewton
Brough, Zara Ciscoe
Brown, John J
Burkhart, John N
Cameron, Herman E
Chafe, Wallace L
Chance, Norman A
Chandler, Henry P
Connolly, Thomas E
Cook, Dibben J
Couture, James W
Dailey, Dewey W
Davis, B. W
Debo, Angie
Deer, Ada
Deloria, Vine
Fischer, Ann
Forbes, Jack D
Frederiksen, Svend
Gaffney, Richard M
Getty, Harry T
Goetting, C
Gandy, Al
Hadley, J. Nixon
Hall, Robert L
Halseth, Odd Sigurd
Hilger, Marie Inez Sister 1891-1977
Holder, Preston
Hetzel, Theodore Brinton
Josephy, Alvin M
Keeler, W. W
Le Hurreau, Howard L
La Planat, Ed
Len-Portilla, Miguel
Lesser, Alexander
Levy, Jerrold E
Lurie, Nancy Oestreich
Mack, Irene
Madigan, La Verne
Malouf, Carling
Menninger, Karl
Merrill, Robert S
Midgett, Helen Parker
McNickle, D'Arcy
Nash, Philleo 1909-1987
Nader, Ralph
Ossinach, Kirkland
Paul, William L Sr
Pierce, Earl Boyd
Powell, Peter John Father
Providencia Sister F.C.S.P
Petersen, Helen
Dillon, Wilton Sterling
Rachlin, Carol K
Rainer, John C
Roessel, Robert A
Robinson, Georgeann 1917-1986
Rupp, Reynold J
McGhee, Calvin W
Rickard, William
Rietz, Robert W
Seller, Mary
Stewart, Omer C
Sturtevant, William C
Taylor, Walter W. Jr
Takes Gun, Frank
Talachy, Pat
Thomas, Robert K
Tom-pee-saw, Frank
Ervin, Sam J Jr
Wax, Murray
Welch, Earl
Welch, Rachel
Wesley, Clarence
Whistler, Rachel
White, Robert A
Yellowtail, Bob
Phelps-Stokes Fund
Schwartzhaupt Foundation
United States Department of the Interior Bureau of Indian Affairs
Wenner-Gren Foundation for Anthropological Research
Orrespondent:
La Farge, Oliver
Contributor:
Stanley, Sam
Mc, Lachlan, Bruce
Subject:
Tax, Sol 1907-
University of Chicago American Indian Chicago Conference
Physical description:
8 linear feet
Culture:
Cherokee language
Type:
Archival materials
Collection descriptions
Date:
1960-1966
Topic:
Federal-Indian relations
American Indians--federal relations--population
Language and languages--Documentation
Local number:
NAA MS 4806
Notes:
The American Indian Chicago Conference (originally called the American Indian Charter Convention) was organized by University of Chicago anthropologist Sol Tax. Tax's idea, announced at the 1960 National Congress of American Indians convention, was to bring representatives of American Indian groups together to prepare statements about the conditions and needs of their people. Tax took the role of coordinator to initiate developments, assure that all Indian groups were represented, serve as or find expert advisers, and publicize results to the public and to those who formulate Indian policy. The University of Chicago was the sponsor for the meeting. Nancy Oestreich Lurie, of the University of Michigan, served as assistant coordinator
Tax, assisted by the National Congress of American Indians, formulated and circulated a proposed statement that served as a point from which discussions could take place. Tax also invited to Chicago a relatively small group of Indian leaders who then served as a steering committee. This preliminary meeting arranged several regional conferences where discussions could take place in preparation for a large meeting in Chicago in June 1961
Representatives at the large conference presented a cross section of the American Indian community and included urban Indian, traditional Indians, modern Indians, and Indians from both recognized and nonrecognized tribes. Several hundred people attended the meeting and 439 of these registered. These registered attendees represented 79 tribes
The outcome of the American Indian Chicago Conference was the Declaration of Indian Purpose, a lengthy document that dealt with problems and proposed approaches to solutions of the problems. In general, the declaration asked for a redirection of "the responsibility of the United States toward the Indian people in terms of a positive national obligation to modify or remove the conditions which produce the poverty and lack of social justice, as these prevail as the outstanding attributes of Indian life today." The declaration was presented to President John F. Kennedy by representatives of American Indian tribes in September 1962
Summary:
The records include a diary, announcements, minutes, correspondence, financial papers, registration materials, clippings, photographs, tape recordings, and printed and processed materials. Also included are a number of papers that were prepared for the use of members of the conference. Correspondents include Joan Ablon, Tom Bahti, Samuel Alfred Barrett, Ben Bearskin, Brewton Berry, Herbert Blatchford, Zara Ciscoe Brough, John J. Brown, John N. Burkhart, Herman E. Cameron, Wallace L. Chafe, Norman A. Chance, Henry P. Chandler, Thomas E. Connolly, Dibben J. Cook, James W. Couture, Cherokee Printing Project (with booklets in Cherokee), Dewey W. Dailey, B. W. Davis, Angie Debo, Ada Deer, Vine Deloria, Field Foundation, Ann Fischer
Jack D. Forbes, Svend Fredericksen, Richard M. Gaffney, Harry T. Getty, Ray C. Goetting, Al Gandy, J. Nixon Hadley, Robert L. Hall, Odd Sigurd Halseth, Marie Inez Hilger, Preston Holder, Theodore Brinton Hetzel, Alvin M. Josephy, W. W. Keeler, Oliver La Farge, Howard L. Le Hurreau, Ed La Planat, Miguel Len-Portilla, Alexander Lesser, Jerrold E. Levy, Lightfoot Talking Eagle, Nancy Oestreich Lurie, Irene Mack, La Verne Madigan, Carling Malouf, Karl Menninger, Robert S. Merrill, Helen Parker Midgett, D'Arcy McNickle, Philleo Nash, Ralph Nader, National Congress of American Indians, Kirkland Ossinach, William L. Paul, Sr., Earl Boyd Pierce, Peter John Powell, Sister Providencia, F.C.S.P., Helen Petersen
Phelps-Stokes Fund (Wilton Sterling Dillon), Carol K. Rachlin, John C. Rainer, Robert A. Roessel, Georgeann Robinson, Reynold J. Ruppe, Calvin W. McGhee, William Rickard, Robert W. Rietz, Schwartzhaupt Foundation, Mary Sellers, Omer C. Stewart, William Curtis Sturtevant, Walter Taylor, Frank Takes Gun, Pat Talachy, Robert K. Thomas, Frank Tom-pee-saw, United States Government (Congressmen, Department of the Interior, Bureau of Indian Affairs, including Sam J. Ervin, Jr.), Murray Wax, Earl Welch, Rachel Whistler, Robert A. White, and Bob Yellowtail
Among the records are materials that relate to the compilation by Tax, Bruce McLachlan, and Sam Stanley of the map "The North American Indian: The present Day Distribution of Indians in the United States." Included are population figures and narratives by Tax
Cite as:
Manuscript 4806, National Anthropological Archives, Smithsonian Institution
Data Source:
National Anthropological Archives
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Folkloric poverty : neoliberal multiculturalism in Mexico / Rebecca Overmyer-Velázquez

Author:
Overmyer-Velázquez, Rebecca 1966-
Physical description:
xiii, 209 p. : ill., maps ; 24 cm
Type:
Books
Place:
Mexico
Guerrero (State)
Guerrero (Mexico : State)
Date:
2010
C2010
Topic:
Indians of Mexico--Politics and government
Indians of Mexico--Government relations
Indians of Mexico--Ethnic identity
Indian activists
Protest movements
Ethnic relations
Social conditions
Politics and government
Summary:
"Analyzes the crisis indigenous political groups faced in Mexico at the turn of the twenty-first century. Focuses on an indigenous peoples movement in the state of Guerrero that gained unprecedented national and international prominence in the 1990s and yet was defunct by 2002"--Provided by publisher
Data Source:
Smithsonian Institution Libraries
Visitor Tag(s):

Man-gods in the Mexican highlands : Indian power and colonial society, 1550-1800 / Serge Gruzinski ; translated from the French by Eileen Corrigan

Author:
Gruzinski, Serge
Physical description:
223 p. : maps ; 23 cm
Type:
Books
Place:
Mexico
Date:
1989
To 1810
Topic:
Religion
Indian mythology
Messianism
Social conditions
Notes:
Translation of: Hommes-dieux du Mexique
Includes index
Data Source:
Smithsonian Institution Libraries
Visitor Tag(s):

Report of the Committee on Indian Affairs, United States Senate, on the condition of the Indians in the Indian Territory, and on other reservations, etc

Author:
United States Congress Senate Committee on Indian Affairs
Physical description:
2 v. ; 23 cm
Type:
Books
Date:
1886
1869-1934
Topic:
Government relations
Social conditions
Indian land transfers
Call number:
E93 .U582 1886
Notes:
Title on added t.p.: Testimony taken by the Committee on Indian Affairs of the United States Senate in relation to the condition of the Indian tribes in the Indian Territory, and upon other reservations, under resolutions of the Senate of June 11 and December 3, 1884, and February 23, 1885
Running title: Condition of certain Indian tribes
Includes index
Data Source:
Smithsonian Institution Libraries
Visitor Tag(s):

Indian reservations in the United States : territory, sovereignty, and socioeconomic change / Klaus Frantz

Author:
Frantz, Klaus
Physical description:
xxvi, 370 p. : ill., maps ; 23 cm
Type:
Books
Place:
United States
Date:
1999
C1999
Topic:
Indian reservations
Social conditions
Economic conditions
Data Source:
Smithsonian Institution Libraries
Visitor Tag(s):

Drinking, homicide & rebellion in colonial Mexican villages / William B. Taylor

Author:
Taylor, William B
Physical description:
242 p. : maps ; 24 cm
Type:
Books
Place:
Mexico
Date:
1979
Topic:
Social conditions
Alcohol use
Indian criminals
Peasantry
Notes:
Includes index
Data Source:
Smithsonian Institution Libraries
Visitor Tag(s):

"Enough to keep them alive" : Indian welfare in Canada, 1873-1965 / Hugh Shewell

Author:
Shewell, Hugh 1947-
Physical description:
xii, 441 p. ; 24 cm
Type:
Books
Place:
Canada
Date:
2004
C2004
Topic:
Public welfare
Economic conditions
Indian reservations
Social policy
Economic policy
Data Source:
Smithsonian Institution Libraries
Visitor Tag(s):

Social and economic survey of New York Indian reservations / conducted by Works Progress Administration ; sponsored by United States Indian Service, New York Agency ; co-sponsor State of New York Department of Social Welfare, Area Office No. 1

Author:
United States Works Progress Administration
United States Office of Indian Affairs
New York Dept. of Social Welfare
Physical description:
14 leaves ; 29 cm
Type:
Books
Place:
New York
Date:
1939
1939]
Topic:
Indian reservations--Social conditions--Statistics
Indian reservations--Economic conditions--Statistics
Indians, Treatment of
Reservations
Call number:
E78.N7 U58 1939
Notes:
"December 1939."
"Work project no. 54297."
Data Source:
Smithsonian Institution Libraries
Visitor Tag(s):

America's concentration camps : the facts about our Indian reservations today / Carlos B. Embry

Author:
Embry, Carlos B. 1906-
Physical description:
242 p. ; 22 cm
Type:
Books
Date:
2002
1953
[c1956]
Topic:
Indian reservations
Social conditions
Call number:
E93 .E43 1956a
Notes:
Photocopy. Ann Arbor, Mich. : University Microfilms International, 2002. -- 24 cm
Data Source:
Smithsonian Institution Libraries
Visitor Tag(s):

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