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Harvest of Hope: 4 Phil Fontaine

Creator:
National Museum of the American Indian
Type:
Symposia
YouTube Videos
Uploaded:
2013-12-20T14:04:50.000Z
Metadata Updated:
2013-12-20T19:01:30.000Z
Topic:
Native Americans
American Indians
YouTube Category:
Education
Views:
190
Video Title:
Harvest of Hope: 4 Phil Fontaine
Description:
In the spirit of Thanksgiving, this timely and insightful forum moderated by Smithsonian National Museum of the American Indian Director Kevin Gover (Pawnee/Comanche) focuses on topical issues of reconciliation and highlights national apologies made to Native peoples. The symposium covers the eloquent apology issued in June 2008 by the Canadian government for the abuse and cultural loss suffered by Aboriginal peoples in Canada's residential schools. It includes a presentation on the Native American Apology Resolution recently passed in the United States Senate as well as an examination of reconciliation efforts in Guatemala. A wrap-up speaker considers the issues involved in apologies and reconciliation processes in a broad scope. Concluding with panel discussion and questions from the audience, Harvest of Hope seeks a deeper, more inclusive understanding of our national narratives and the experiences of the Native peoples of the Americas. In Part 4, Phil Fontaine gives a talk entitled, "The Apology Breakthrough: Now What?" Chief Phil Fontaine (Sagkeeng First Nation) is a dedicated and highly respected leader in Canada. He has been instrumental in facilitating change and advancement for First Nations people from the time he was first elected to public office as Chief, at the young age of twenty-eight. He is a proud member of the Sagkeeng First Nation in Manitoba and still plays an active role in the support of his community. In the early 1980s he was elected to the position of Manitoba Regional Chief for the Assembly of First Nations. When his term expired in 1991, he was elected Grand Chief of the Assembly of Manitoba Chiefs where he served three consecutive terms. He played a key role in the development of Manitoba's Framework Agreement Initiative and in the defeat of the Meech Lake Accord, and signed an Employment Equity Agreement with thirty-nine federal agencies. In 1997 he stepped onto the national stage where he was elected to the highest elected position in First Nations politics, National Chief. He is now serving an unprecedented third term in office. His list of accomplishments as National Chief include signing the Declaration of Kinship and Cooperation of the Indigenous and First Nations of North America; being the first Indigenous leader to address the Organization of American States; leading the successful resolution and settlement of the 150-year Indian residential school tragedy; the Making Poverty History Campaign; lobbying for the United Nations Declaration on the Rights of Indigenous People; and negotiating a fair and just process for the settlement of specific land claims. National Chief Fontaine has received many awards and honors for his work, including four honorary degrees and membership in the Order of Manitoba. This symposium took place in the Rasmuson Theater of the Smithsonian National Museum of the American Indian in Washington, DC on November 13, 2008.
Video Duration:
1567 seconds
See more by:
SmithsonianNMAI
YouTube Channel:
SmithsonianNMAI
Data Source:
National Museum of the American Indian
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National Congress of American Indians records, 1933-1990 (bulk 1944-1989)

Creator:
National Congress of American Indians
Subject:
Bronson, Ruth Muskrat
Curry, James E. 1907-1972
Deloria, Vine
Harjo, Suzan Shown
McNickle, D'Arcy 1904-1977
Peterson, Helen L
Snake, Reuben 1937-1993
Tonasket, Mel
Trimble, Charles E
Arrow, Inc
National Congress of American Indians
National Tribal Chairmen's Association
United Effort Trust
United States American Indian Policy Review Commission
United States Bureau of Indian Affairs
United States Indian Claims Commission
Physical description:
251 linear feet
Type:
Administrative records
Collection descriptions
Audiotapes
Clippings
Correspondence
Financial records
Photographs
Videotapes
Place:
United States
Date:
1933
1933-1990
bulk 1944-1989
20th century
1934-
Topic:
Alaska Natives--Land tenure
Indians of North America--Civil rights
Indians of North America--Economic conditions
Indians of North America--Government relations
Indians of North America--Legal status, laws, etc
Indians of North America--Politics and government
Indians of North America--Social conditions
Indian termination policy
Radioactive wastes--Management
Trail of Broken Treaties, 1972
Local number:
NMAI.AC.010
Notes:
The National Congress of American Indians (NCAI) is a major American Indian advocacy organization, designed to serve as a link between tribal governments and the United States government. NCAI was founded in 1944, in Denver, CO, as a membership organization for "persons of Indian blood." In 1955, group membership was limited to recognized tribes, committees, or bands. The organization is overseen by an Executive Council, which selects a five-member Executive Committee and an Executive Director. The Executive Director is then responsible for managing the organization's staff and overseeing its initiatives and everyday operations. Since 1944, NCAI has held annual conventions in the fall to elect officers and pass resolutions, which become the basis for the organization's policy positions. Beginning in 1977, a mid-year conference in May or June was added to provide further opportunities for in-depth exploration of issues
Since its inauguration, NCAI has worked on a wide variety of issues facing Indians in the US. Some of those issues include voting rights, land claims, education, economic development, natural resource protection and management, nuclear waste, repatriation, and government-to-government relations with the federal government. In 1954, NCAI organized an emergency conference to protest the US government's newly-announced termination policy. NCAI has also frequently worked closely with other Indian organizations, such as the Native American Rights Fund and National Tribal Chairmen's Association, and with various government bodies, such as the Bureau of Indian Affairs and Indian Health Service
Summary:
The NCAI records document the organization's work, particularly that of its office in Washington, DC, and the wide variety of issues faced by American Indians in the twentieth century. The bulk of the material relates to legislation, lobbying, and NCAI's interactions with various governmental bodies. A large segment also concerns the annual conventions and executive council and executive committee meetings. Finally, the records also document the operations of the NCAI, including personnel, financial, and fundraising material. The collection also includes the records of two of NCAI's Executive Directors, Charles E. "Chuck" Trimble (1972-1977) and Suzan Shown Harjo (1984-1989). Included are correspondence, publications, reports, administrative records, photographs, and audio and video recordings
Cite as:
National Congress of American Indians Records, National Museum of the American Indian Archive Center, Smithsonian Institution
Data Source:
Smithsonian Institution National Museum of the American Indian Archives
Visitor Tag(s):

Lithograph of "Indian Antiquities" pottery artifacts

Original artist:
Wallis, O. J.
Dreser, William
Herbst, Francis
Richard, John H.
Stanley, John Mix
Siebert, Selmar
Graphic artist:
Sinclair, Thomas
Dougal, William H.
Duval, Peter S.
Printer:
Nicholson, A. O. P.
Publisher:
United States Navy
Author:
Cassin, John
Ewbank, Thomas
Baird, Spencer Fullerton
Gilliss, James Melville
Physical Description:
paper (overall material)
ink (overall material)
Measurements:
overall: 30 cm x 24 cm; 11 13/16 in x 9 7/16 in
overall: 48 cm x 29.7 cm; 18 7/8 in x 11 11/16 in
Object Name:
Senate Book of U.S. Naval Astonomical Expedition
book
Object Type:
Lithograph
Engraving
Hand-Color Lithograph
Chromolithograph
Book print location:
United States: District of Columbia, Washington
Print location of some prints:
United States: Pennsylvania, Philadelphia
Associated Place:
South America
Date made:
1855
Subject:
Anthropolgy
Amphibians
Mammals
Navy
U.S. Congress
South America
Environmental History
Birds
Fish
Fossils
Shells
Indians
Reptiles
Maps
Exploration and Discovery
Art
Communications
Government, Politics, and Reform
Measuring & Mapping
Military
Natural Resources
Science & Mathematics
Survey Prints
ID Number:
2007.0204.01
Accession number:
2007.0204
Catalog number:
2007.0204.01
Description:
P.S. Duval and Company (c.1840s–1858) of Philadelphia printed this lithograph of “Indian Antiquities,” depicting South American woodenware, from an original sketch by John M. Stanley (1814–1872) of Detroit (1834–1840, 1864–1872) and Washington, D.C. (1850-1860). The illustration was published in 1855 by A.O.P. Nicholson in Washington, D.C. as Plate X in the “Indian remains” section of volume II of The United States Naval Astronomical Survey to the Southern Hemisphere, written by Thomas Ewbank (1792–1870).
Location:
Currently not on view
See more items in:
Culture and the Arts: Graphic Arts
Survey Prints
Data Source:
National Museum of American History, Kenneth E. Behring Center
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National Tribal Chairmen's Association records 1971-1978

Creator:
National Tribal Chairmenʹs Association
Youpee, William
Toda, Chinzu
Subject:
United States Indian Health Service
American Indian Movement
Advisory Commission on Intergovernment Relations
Association on American Indian Tradition and Cultural Activities
Physical description:
40 linear feet
Culture:
American Indians legal cases tribal government agriculture
Type:
Sound recordings
Letters
Printed material
Minutes
Lists
Date:
1971-1978
Topic:
Indian-government relations
Indian interest groups
Local number:
NMAI.AC.014
Notes:
Planning for the establishment of the National Tribal Chairmenʹs Association took place in Pierre, North Dakota, in April 1971, and formal organization took place in Albuquerque in July 1971. The organization serves as a voice for elected Indian leaders of federally recognized tribes and promotes American Indian unity, observation of treaty and other rights, preservation of values, and progress in justice, social standing, education, economic well being, and political influence of all Indians of the United States. The organization no longer exists
Summary:
The files are those of the Washington, D.C., office that were acculated primarily under William Youpee. Youpee served as the first president of the association and became its executive director in 1972. There are also files accumulated by Chinzu Toda, a Bureau of Indian Affairs employee who was on loan to the NTCA. In 1978, Kenneth E. Black became the executive director. Material created from 1978 to the end of the NTCA are in private hands
Cite as:
Records of the National Tribal Chairmenʹs Association, Smithsonian Institution National Museum of the American Indian Archives
Data Source:
Smithsonian Institution National Museum of the American Indian Archives
Visitor Tag(s):

Albert Gallatin

Artist:
Thomas Worthington Whittredge, 22 May 1820 - 25 Feb 1910
Copy after:
Gilbert Stuart, 3 Dec 1755 - 9 Jul 1828
Sitter:
Albert Gallatin, 29 Jan 1761 - 12 Aug 1849
Medium:
Oil on cardboard
Type:
Painting
Date:
after 1859
Topic:
Albert Gallatin: Literature\Writer
Albert Gallatin: Politics and Government\Cabinet Member\Secretary of Treasury
Albert Gallatin: Politics and Government\Diplomat
Albert Gallatin: Politics and Government\US Congressman\Pennsylvania
Albert Gallatin: Business and Industry\Banker
Albert Gallatin: Politics and Government\State Legislator\Pennsylvania
Albert Gallatin: Society and Social Change\Administrator\Historical Society\President
Albert Gallatin: Native American\Treaty Negotiator
Albert Gallatin: Politics and Government\US Senator\Pennsylvania
Portrait
Credit Line:
National Portrait Gallery, Smithsonian Institution
Object number:
NPG.76.34
See more items in:
National Portrait Gallery Collection
Data Source:
National Portrait Gallery
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Kee-o-kúk, The Watchful Fox, Chief of the Tribe

Artist:
George Catlin, born Wilkes-Barre, PA 1796-died Jersey City, NJ 1872
Sitter:
Keokuk
Medium:
oil on canvas
Dimensions:
29 x 24 in. (73.7 x 6 0.9 cm)
Type:
Painting
Date:
1835
Topic:
Dress\ethnic\Indian dress
Figure male\full length
Portrait male
Ethnic\Indian\Sac and Fox
Ethnic\Indian\Sac and Fox
Object\weapon\spear
Dress\accessory\shield
Credit Line:
Smithsonian American Art Museum, Gift of Mrs. Joseph Harrison, Jr.
Object number:
1985.66.1
Description:
George Catlin painted Kee-o-kúk at the Sac and Fox village in 1835. He described the chief as a “vain man” who was very pleased with his portraits, including this version. He wears an elaborate costume of white buckskin leggings, a red blanket, and a bear-claw necklace. Two years later, in 1837, Catlin brought Kee-o-kúk to Washington, where the artist showed his portraits, hoping the government would buy his Indian Gallery. During this visit, a journalist for the New York Evening Herald described the chief as a “fine and noble looking man.” Kee-o-kúk thought it useless for his people to fight the United States government. Instead, he signed over lands in the states known today as Illinois, Missouri, and Wisconsin, for which his tribe received about seventy-five cents per acre. Catlin noted that the Sac and Fox “have sold so much of their land lately, that they have the luxuries of life to a considerable degree . . . they look elated and happy, carrying themselves much above the humbled manner of most of the semi-civilized tribes, whose heads are hanging and drooping in poverty and despair.” (Dippie, Catlin and His Contemporaries: The Politics of Patronage, 1990)
See more items in:
Smithsonian American Art Museum Collection
Data Source:
Smithsonian American Art Museum
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Red Cloud

Artist:
Charles Milton Bell, 1848 - 1893
Sitter:
Red Cloud, 1822 - 1909
Medium:
Albumen silver print
Type:
Photograph
Place:
United States\District of Columbia
Date:
1880
Topic:
Interior
Equipment\Walking stick\Cane
Interior\Studio\Photography
Red Cloud: Native American\Warrior
Red Cloud: Native American\Leader\Chief
Portrait
Credit Line:
National Portrait Gallery, Smithsonian Institution
Object number:
NPG.2005.117
Exhibition Label:
"I have tried to get from my Great Father what is right and just," exclaimed Red Cloud to government officials at the conclusion of his first trip to the East in 1870. Two years earlier the celebrated Lakota leader had forced U.S. authorities to abandon a series of newly constructed forts meant to protect settlers moving across traditional Native lands. Beginning in 1870, however, Red Cloud would choose diplomacy, not warfare, to protect the Lakota's land base and to ensure the tribe's political and cultural independence. Although the westward migration of American settlers would continue largely unabated, Red Cloud remained dedicated to the future welfare of the Lakota, meeting with five different U.S. presidents over a period of thirty years. Washington photographer Charles M. Bell seated Red Cloud next to a papier-mâché rock and a painted seascape backdrop for this portrait taken during one of his many trips to the nation's capital.
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National Portrait Gallery Collection
Data Source:
National Portrait Gallery
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$1.00 from The Dayton Bank

Referenced:
Dayton Bank
Maker:
Danforth, Wright & Co.
Physical Description:
paper (overall material)
Object Name:
paper money
Place made:
United States: Minnesota, St. Paul
Date made:
1853
Subject:
Coins, Currency and Medals
Indians
Banks
ID Number:
NU*233479.0001
Catalog number:
NU 62181
Accession number:
233479
Description:
Mr. Dayton is known to history solely by the currency he had printed for his bank, and it is not known whether the bank ever opened its doors. But it was his bank, and he had the right, so his grim visage, complete with imposing widow's peak, graces each of the three known denominations: one-, two-, and five-dollar bills.
The Dayton Bank was one of thousands of private issuers, supplying the capital that created the economic miracle of 19th-century America. No government dared issue paper money in those days: Americans had been so badly burned by inflation during one crisis (the Revolutionary War), that they would not countenance another public issue until another crisis (the Civil War).
The imagery on this note is very typical of that found in this period, especially on issues from western banks. Racial and ethnic stereotypes were prevalent and emphasized the dominance of white culture.
See more items in:
Political History: National Numismatic Collection
Data Source:
National Museum of American History, Kenneth E. Behring Center
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Additional Online Media:

Catahecassa

Attribution:
Albert Newsam, 20 May 1809 - 20 Nov 1864
Copy after:
Charles Bird King, 26 Sep 1785 - 18 Mar 1862
Lithographer:
Lehman & Duval Lithography Company, active 1835 - 1837
Publisher:
Edward C. Biddle, active early 19th Century
Publication:
Thomas L. McKenney and James Hall's History of the Indian Tribes of North America, 3 vols., Philadelphia, 1837 - 1844
Sitter:
Catahecassa, c. 1740 - 1831
Medium:
Hand-colored lithograph on paper
Type:
Print
Place:
United States\Pennsylvania\Philadelphia\Philadelphia
Date:
1837
Topic:
Catahecassa: Native American\Orator
Catahecassa: Native American\Leader\Chief
Catahecassa: Native American\Treaty Negotiator
Catahecassa: Politics and Government\Government Official\Indian agent
Portrait
Credit Line:
National Portrait Gallery, Smithsonian Institution
Object number:
NPG.94.102
See more items in:
National Portrait Gallery Collection
Data Source:
National Portrait Gallery
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Our Pioneer Heroes and Their Daring Deeds

Artist:
Henry F. Farny, 1847 - 1916
Armand Welcker, active c. 1887
Printer:
Scammell & Company
Sitter:
John Smith, 1579/80 - Jun 1631
Sitting Bull, c. 1831 - 15 Dec 1890
Daniel Boone, 11 Feb 1734 - 26 Sep 1820
Christopher Houston Carson, 24 Dec 1809 - 23 May 1868
John Burwell Omohundro, 1846 - 1880
William Frederick Cody, 26 Feb 1846 - 10 Jan 1917
James Butler Hickok, 27 May 1837 - 2 Aug 1876
Robert Cavelier Lasale, 1643 - 1687
Geronimo, c. 1823 - 17 Feb 1909
Lewis Wetzel, 1764 - 1808
Medium:
Wood engraving on paper
Type:
Print
Date:
1887
Topic:
Weapon\Gun
Weapon\Sword
Nature & Environment\Animal\Horse
Clothing & Apparel\Accouterment\Feather
Daniel Boone: Politics and Government\State Legislator\Virginia
Daniel Boone: Law and Law Enforcement\Police\Sheriff
Daniel Boone: Natural Resources\Pioneer
Daniel Boone: Natural Resources\Pioneer\Frontiersman
Christopher Houston Carson: Military and Intelligence\Army\Officer\Colonel
Christopher Houston Carson: Military and Intelligence\Soldier
Christopher Houston Carson: Business and Industry\Merchant\Trader\Fur trader
Christopher Houston Carson: Natural Resources\Scout
Christopher Houston Carson: Natural Resources\Guide
Christopher Houston Carson: Politics and Government\Government Official\Indian agent
Christopher Houston Carson: Natural Resources\Hunter
Christopher Houston Carson: Natural Resources\Trapper
William Frederick Cody: Natural Resources\Pioneer\Frontiersman
William Frederick Cody: Military and Intelligence\Scout
William Frederick Cody: Performing Arts\Performer\Showman
William Frederick Cody: Natural Resources\Hunter
James Butler Hickok: Military and Intelligence\Spy
James Butler Hickok: Military and Intelligence\Scout
James Butler Hickok: Military and Intelligence\Soldier\Civil War\Union
James Butler Hickok: Law and Law Enforcement\Marshal
John Smith: Literature\Writer
John Smith: Natural Resources\Explorer
John Smith: Science and Technology\Scientist\Cartographer
John Smith: Natural Resources\Pioneer\Colonizer
Geronimo: Native American\Warrior
Geronimo: Natural Resources\Agriculturist\Farmer
Geronimo: Native American\Leader
Sitting Bull: Native American\Warrior
Sitting Bull: Native American\Leader\Chief
Sitting Bull: Native American\Medicine man
Portrait
Credit Line:
National Portrait Gallery, Smithsonian Institution
Object number:
NPG.89.10
See more items in:
National Portrait Gallery Collection
Data Source:
National Portrait Gallery
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Ute Delegation

Artist:
Mathew Brady Studio, active 1844 - 1894
Sitter:
Alexander Cameron Hunt, 1825 - 1894
Pe-Ah
Chief Ouray, c. 1833 - 27 Aug 1880
Medium:
Albumen silver print
Type:
Photograph
Date:
1868
Topic:
Interior
Alexander Cameron Hunt: Politics and Government\Governor\Colorado
Chief Ouray: Native American\Leader\Chief
Portrait
Credit Line:
National Portrait Gallery, Smithsonian Institution
Object number:
NPG.93.372
Exhibition Label:
This three-part photograph shows eight members of the 1868 Ute delegation to Washington, D.C., standing alongside nine government officials. Because of growing complaints about settlers trespassing on traditional Ute lands, this group came together ostensibly to establish a definable Ute reservation in Colorado. Fourth from the right is Ouray, the individual whom U.S. authorities regarded as the tribe's principal spokesman. Fluent in English and Spanish, Ouray was best able to communicate with federal officials. His close association with Kit Carson-who traveled with the delegation but is not pictured here-and his reputation for being cooperative also made him the person with whom negotiators most wanted to deal. Although he was an important leader, Ouray had no such negotiating authority. Nevertheless, a treaty was signed during the Utes' visit that secured a relatively generous land apportionment. For the remainder of his life, Ouray struggled, often unsuccessfully, to have U.S. authorities honor the terms of this treaty.
See more items in:
National Portrait Gallery Collection
Data Source:
National Portrait Gallery
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Wilcomb E. Washburn Papers, 1946-1989

Creator:
Washburn, Wilcomb E
Subject:
Washburn, Wilcomb E
United States Marine Corps
National Museum of American History (U.S.) Division of Political History
Smithsonian Institution Office of American Studies
United States Marine Corps Reserve
Physical description:
3 cu. ft. (3 record storage boxes)
Type:
Manuscripts
Collection descriptions
Place:
United States
Date:
1946
1946-1989
Topic:
Historians
Indians of North America
History
Politics and government
Local number:
SIA Acc. 06-258
Summary:
This accession consists of papers documenting aspects of the career of Wilcomb E. Washburn, historian and teacher of American political and cultural history. He held positions at the National Museum of American History, Division of Political History and later at the Smithsonian Institution, Office of American Studies. Much of the material deals with research on the Indians of North America. A small quantity of material deals with his service in the United States Marine Corps and the United States Marine Corps Reserve. Materials include correspondence, papers, course administrative materials, notes, and conference materials
Data Source:
Smithsonian Institution Archives
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Benjamin O'Fallon

Artist:
Unidentified Artist
Sitter:
Benjamin O'Fallon, 20 Sep 1793 - 17 Dec 1842
Medium:
Oil on canvas
Type:
Painting
Date:
c. 1833
Topic:
Clothing & Apparel\Dress Accessory\Headgear\Military
Exterior\Landscape
Nature & Environment\Water\Lake
Clothing & Apparel\Dress Accessory\Sash
Benjamin O'Fallon: Business and Industry\Merchant\Trader
Benjamin O'Fallon: Politics and Government\Government Official\Indian agent
Portrait
Credit Line:
National Portrait Gallery, Smithsonian Institution; partial gift of Edward Gesuele Peterson and Nancy Gesuele Peterson
Object number:
NPG.81.33
See more items in:
National Portrait Gallery Collection
Data Source:
National Portrait Gallery
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Ca-ta-he-cas-sa - Black Hoof

Artist:
Unidentified Artist
Lithographer:
J. T. Bowen Lithography Company, active 1834 - 1844?
Publisher:
Frederick W. Greenough, active c. 1838
Sitter:
Catahecassa, c. 1740 - 1831
Medium:
Hand-colored lithograph on paper
Type:
Bound Object
Date:
1838
Topic:
Print
Clothing & Apparel\Dress Accessory\Headgear\Turban
Catahecassa: Native American\Orator
Catahecassa: Native American\Leader\Chief
Catahecassa: Native American\Treaty Negotiator
Catahecassa: Politics and Government\Government Official\Indian agent
Portrait
Credit Line:
National Portrait Gallery, Smithsonian Institution; gift of Betty A. and Lloyd G. Schermer
Object number:
NPG.99.167.27
See more items in:
National Portrait Gallery Collection
Data Source:
National Portrait Gallery
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Catahecassa

Black Hoof
Artist:
Henry Inman, 28 Oct 1801 - 17 Jan 1846
Copy after:
Charles Bird King, 26 Sep 1785 - 18 Mar 1862
Sitter:
Catahecassa, c. 1740 - 1831
Medium:
Oil on canvas
Type:
Painting
Date:
1830-1833
Topic:
Interior
Clothing & Apparel\Dress Accessory\Headgear\Turban
Catahecassa: Native American\Orator
Catahecassa: Native American\Leader\Chief
Catahecassa: Native American\Treaty Negotiator
Catahecassa: Politics and Government\Government Official\Indian agent
Portrait
Credit Line:
National Portrait Gallery, Smithsonian Institution
Object number:
NPG.82.105
See more items in:
National Portrait Gallery Collection
Data Source:
National Portrait Gallery
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Kit Carson

Artist:
Charles DeForest Fredricks, 1823 - 1894
Sitter:
Christopher Houston Carson, 24 Dec 1809 - 23 May 1868
Medium:
Albumen silver print
Type:
Photograph
Date:
c. 1863
Topic:
Photographic Format\Carte-de-visite
Christopher Houston Carson: Military and Intelligence\Army\Officer\Colonel
Christopher Houston Carson: Military and Intelligence\Soldier
Christopher Houston Carson: Business and Industry\Merchant\Trader\Fur trader
Christopher Houston Carson: Natural Resources\Scout
Christopher Houston Carson: Natural Resources\Guide
Christopher Houston Carson: Politics and Government\Government Official\Indian agent
Christopher Houston Carson: Natural Resources\Hunter
Christopher Houston Carson: Natural Resources\Trapper
Portrait
Credit Line:
National Portrait Gallery, Smithsonian Institution
Object number:
NPG.2005.115
Exhibition Label:
Christopher "Kit" Carson was a legendary yet controversial figure whose career as a mountain man and an army officer in the Southwest earned him national acclaim. Carson first gained notoriety working under explorer John C. Frémont. Serving on three Frémont-led expeditions during the 1840s, he distinguished himself for his skills as a hunter and a guide. Despite being illiterate, he was fluent in several languages and was able to communicate with many Native American tribes in the region. During the Civil War, Carson commanded a Union regiment, successfully defending New Mexico from Confederate invaders. Also at this time he was called upon to lead a campaign to relocate the Navajo to a reservation three hundred miles away on the Pecos River. The 1864 "Long Walk" to Bosque Redondo-during which more than two hundred died-represented one of the largest forced relocations in U.S. history.
See more items in:
National Portrait Gallery Collection
Data Source:
National Portrait Gallery
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Peter Perkins Pitchlynn

Artist:
Charles Fenderich, 1805 - 1887
Lithographer:
Peter S. Duval
Sitter:
Peter Perkins Pitchlynn, 30 Jan 1806 - 17 Jan 1881
Medium:
Lithograph
Type:
Print
Date:
1842
Topic:
Clothing & Apparel\Dress Accessory\Scarf
Peter Perkins Pitchlynn: Natural Resources\Agriculturist\Farmer
Peter Perkins Pitchlynn: Politics and Government\Diplomat
Peter Perkins Pitchlynn: Native American\Orator
Peter Perkins Pitchlynn: Native American\Leader\Chief
Peter Perkins Pitchlynn: Native American\Treaty Negotiator
Portrait
Credit Line:
National Portrait Gallery, Smithsonian Institution
Object number:
NPG.72.64
See more items in:
National Portrait Gallery Collection
Data Source:
National Portrait Gallery
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Scrapbook of illustrations and sample engravings ca. 1814-30

Artist:
Lewis, James Otto 1799-1858
Hary, John W
Publisher:
Lucas, Fielding, Jr
Subject:
Key-way-wo-wut
Going Cloud
O-Car-Gee-Wick
Clinton, De Witt
Cobbett, William
Thomson, James
Werner, Goliah
Bainbridge, William
American Fur Company
Physical description:
33 pages
Culture:
Chippewa
Eskimos
Arctic peoples
Indians of North America Subarctic
Indians of North America Northeast
Ojibwa Indians
Type:
Archival materials
Collection descriptions
Place:
Castle Rock (Lake District, England)
Date:
ca 1814-30
Topic:
Doric Rock
Urn burial
Cave Rock
Chippewa
Mortuary customs
Habitations and other structures
American Indian
Pipe
Transportation
Bark preparation
Government and politics
Federal-Indian relations
Art, miscellaneous
Eskimos
Fishing
Language and languages--Documentation
Local number:
NAA MS 7135
Notes:
Lucas was an owner of a printing and publishing firm in Baltimore. In 1827, it issued Thomas L. McKenney's A Sketch of a Tour to the Lakes, which was illustrated after drawings by James Otto Lewis
Summary:
Some of the original watercolor and wash drawings are included in the scrapbook, including: Indian canoes, page 200 in McKenney's Sketch; View of the Urn, Lake Superior page 361; Grave of a Chippewa Child on the Island Opposite Fond du Lac (Minnesota) page 305; Cave Rock, South Shore of Lake Superior, page 364; Oblique View of the Doric Rock of Lake Superior (unpublished): Front View of the Doric Rock, page 225; Castle Rock, South Shore, Lake Superior, page 363; View of the Urn, Lake Superior (and the Monument), page 362; Skeleton of a Chippewa Indian's Lodge, page 418; Chippewa Lodge, of poles, covered with birch bark, unpublished; Chippewa Widow, page 292; Key-way-wo-wut, or Going Cloud, page 327, O-Car-Gee-Wick, page 314; Chippewa Chief with His Calumet and Pouch, page 331; Indian Dog Train, page 196; another view of Doric Rock, unpublished; another view of the Urn, unpublished; Front view of American Fur Company's Building, Fond du Lac, Minnesota, page 276, and a view of the gathering for the Treaty of Fond du Lac, 1826, page 311
Also a drawing by John W. Hary (?) showing how Eskimos at Hudson Bay caught fish. Other original, unidentified artwork, a certificate of membership in the Baltimore Beneficial Society, and samples of printing of bank papers are included. There are, in addition, engraved portraits and title pages and illustrations from publications. The portraits include De Witt Clinton, William Cobbett, James Thomson, Goliah Werner, and William Bainbridge. The materials from publications include items from The Chemist and National Recreations, or Holiday Amusements and Robert Stuart's Dictionary of Architecture and A Descriptive History of the Steam Engine (all printed by Knight and Lacy of London); Citizen of the World, Edwin and Anelina; The Works of Robert Bruns, The Works of Thomas Moore, Thackery's Vicar of Wakefield; and other unidentified publications
Cite as:
Manuscript 7135, National Anthropological Archives, Smithsonian Institution
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Scrapbook of illustrations and sample engravings ca. 1814-30 [Lewis, James Otto 1799-1858]
Data Source:
National Anthropological Archives
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Manuscript on Creek, Seminole, Choctaw, Chickasaw, Osage, Delaware and Shawnee Government

Creator:
Jones, J. B
Subject:
American Baptist Church missions
Physical description:
3 pages
Culture:
Chickasaw Indians
Choctaw Indians
Osage Indians
Shawnee Indians
Creek Indians
Seminole Indians
Delaware Indians
Indians of North America Northeast
Indians of North America Great Plains
Indians of North America Southern States
Type:
Archival materials
Collection descriptions
Topic:
Government and politics
Council of tribes
Slaves and slavery--American Indian
Local number:
NAA MS 3645
Notes:
Reference: C. C. Royce, "The Cherokee Nation of Indians," 5th BAE-AR (1883-84). J. B. Jones, a Baptist missionary was engaged in promulgating anti-slavery sentiments among the Cherokees in 1860 (pages 324-35), and subsequently, represented the Cherokee Nation as one of the delegates to Washington for the Treaty of July 19, 1866 (page 334)
Summary:
Included in the report are the Cherokee system of government, the status of Cherokee loyalty, and the American Baptist mission work, including also brief references regarding the Choctaw, Chickasaw, Creek, Seminole, Osage, Delaware and Shawnee
Cite as:
Manuscript 3645, National Anthropological Archives, Smithsonian Institution
See more items in:
Numbered manuscripts 1850s-1980s (some earlier)
Data Source:
National Anthropological Archives
Visitor Tag(s):

Additional Online Media:

New voyages to North-America : Containing an account of the several nations of that vast continent : their customs, commerce, and way of navigation upon the lakes and rivers : the several attempts of the English and French to dispossess one another : with the reasons of the miscarriage of the former : and the various adventures between the French, and the Iroquese confederates of England, from 1683 to 1694. A geographical description of Canada, and a natural history of the country, with remarks upon their government, and the interest of the English and French in their commerce. Also a dialogue between the author and a general of the savages, giving a full view of the religion and strange opinions of those people : with an account of the author's retreat to Portugal and Denmark and his remarks on those courts. To which is added, a dictionary of the Algonkine language, which is generally spoke in North-America : illustrated with twenty three mapps and cutts / Written in French by the Baron Lahontan, lord lievtenant of the French colony at Placentia in Newfoundland, now in England. Done into English, in two volumes. A great part of which never printed in the original

Some new voyages to North-America
Author:
Lahontan, Louis Armand de Lom d'Arce baron de 1666-1715?
Engraver:
Moll, Herman d. 1732
Physical description:
2 v., [23] leaves of plates (some folded) : ill., maps ; 20 cm. (8vo)
Type:
Early works to 1800
Glossaries, vocabularies, etc
Place:
Canada
Portugal
Denmark
Date:
1703
To 1763 (New France)
Topic:
Algonquin language
Wyandot language
Description and travel
History
Call number:
F1030 .L1813 1703
Notes:
Translation of: Nouveaux voyages de Mr. le baron de Lahontan dans l'Amerique septentrionale
Vol. 2 has title: New voyages to North-America. Giving a full account of the customs, commerce, religion, and strange opinions of the savages of that country. With political remarks upon the courts of Portugal and Denmark, and the present state of the commerce of those countries ..
"The engravings are by H. Moll"--Sabin
Title pages with double-rule borders
Pagination of each v.: v. 1. [24], 280 p., [12] leaves of plates; v. 2. [2], 302, [16] p. (final p. is blank), [11] leaves of plates
Includes index at end of v. 2
Errata in v. 1, p. [24] (1st group)
Publisher's advertisement on p. [1] (3rd group) of v. 2
Sabin 38644
Pilling, J.C. Bib. of the Algonquian languages, p. 290-291
Contents:
v. 1. Some new voyages to North-America (letters I-XXV). Memoirs of North-America. A table explaining some terms made use of in both volumes -- v. 2. A discourse of the habit, houses, complexion and temperament of the savages of North-America. A conference or dialogue between the author and Adario, a noted man among the savages. An appendix, containing some new voyages to Portugal and Denmark. A short dictionary of the most universal language of the savages. Index
Data Source:
Smithsonian Institution Libraries
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