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National Congress of American Indians records, 1933-1990 (bulk 1944-1989)

view National Congress of American Indians records, 1933-1990 (bulk 1944-1989) digital asset number 1
Creator:
National Congress of American Indians
Subject:
Bronson, Ruth Muskrat
Curry, James E. 1907-1972
Deloria, Vine
Harjo, Suzan Shown
McNickle, D'Arcy 1904-1977
Peterson, Helen L
Snake, Reuben 1937-1993
Tonasket, Mel
Trimble, Charles E
Arrow, Inc
National Congress of American Indians
National Tribal Chairmen's Association
United Effort Trust
United States American Indian Policy Review Commission
United States Bureau of Indian Affairs
United States Indian Claims Commission
Physical description:
251 linear feet
Type:
Administrative records
Collection descriptions
Audiotapes
Clippings
Correspondence
Financial records
Photographs
Videotapes
Place:
United States
Date:
1933
1933-1990
bulk 1944-1989
20th century
1934-
Notes:
The National Congress of American Indians (NCAI) is a major American Indian advocacy organization, designed to serve as a link between tribal governments and the United States government. NCAI was founded in 1944, in Denver, CO, as a membership organization for "persons of Indian blood." In 1955, group membership was limited to recognized tribes, committees, or bands. The organization is overseen by an Executive Council, which selects a five-member Executive Committee and an Executive Director. The Executive Director is then responsible for managing the organization's staff and overseeing its initiatives and everyday operations. Since 1944, NCAI has held annual conventions in the fall to elect officers and pass resolutions, which become the basis for the organization's policy positions. Beginning in 1977, a mid-year conference in May or June was added to provide further opportunities for in-depth exploration of issues.
Since its inauguration, NCAI has worked on a wide variety of issues facing Indians in the US. Some of those issues include voting rights, land claims, education, economic development, natural resource protection and management, nuclear waste, repatriation, and government-to-government relations with the federal government. In 1954, NCAI organized an emergency conference to protest the US government's newly-announced termination policy. NCAI has also frequently worked closely with other Indian organizations, such as the Native American Rights Fund and National Tribal Chairmen's Association, and with various government bodies, such as the Bureau of Indian Affairs and Indian Health Service.
Summary:
The NCAI records document the organization's work, particularly that of its office in Washington, DC, and the wide variety of issues faced by American Indians in the twentieth century. The bulk of the material relates to legislation, lobbying, and NCAI's interactions with various governmental bodies. A large segment also concerns the annual conventions and executive council and executive committee meetings. Finally, the records also document the operations of the NCAI, including personnel, financial, and fundraising material. The collection also includes the records of two of NCAI's Executive Directors, Charles E. "Chuck" Trimble (1972-1977) and Suzan Shown Harjo (1984-1989). Included are correspondence, publications, reports, administrative records, photographs, and audio and video recordings.
Cite as:
National Congress of American Indians Records, National Museum of the American Indian Archive Center, Smithsonian Institution
Topic:
Alaska Natives--Land tenure
Indians of North America--Civil rights
Indians of North America--Economic conditions
Indians of North America--Government relations
Indians of North America--Legal status, laws, etc
Indians of North America--Politics and government
Indians of North America--Social conditions
Indian termination policy
Radioactive wastes--Management
Trail of Broken Treaties, 1972
Local number:
NMAI.AC.010
See more items in:
National Congress of American Indians records 1933-1990 (bulk 1944-1989)
Data Source:
Smithsonian Institution National Museum of the American Indian Archives

Lithograph of "Indian Antiquities" pottery artifacts

view Lithograph of "Indian Antiquities" pottery artifacts digital asset: American Indian woodenware / Plate X
Original artist:
Wallis, O. J.
Dreser, William
Herbst, Francis
Richard, John H.
Stanley, John Mix
Siebert, Selmar
Graphic artist:
Sinclair, Thomas
Dougal, William H.
Duval, Peter S.
Printer:
Nicholson, A. O. P.
Publisher:
United States Navy
Author:
Cassin, John
Ewbank, Thomas
Baird, Spencer Fullerton
Gilliss, James Melville
Physical Description:
paper (overall material)
ink (overall material)
Measurements:
overall: 30 cm x 24 cm; 11 13/16 in x 9 7/16 in
overall: 48 cm x 29.7 cm; 18 7/8 in x 11 11/16 in
Object Name:
Senate Book of U.S. Naval Astonomical Expedition
book
Object Type:
Lithograph
Engraving
Hand-Color Lithograph
Chromolithograph
Book print location:
United States: District of Columbia, Washington
Print location of some prints:
United States: Pennsylvania, Philadelphia
Associated Place:
South America
Date made:
1855
Description:
P.S. Duval and Company (c.1840s–1858) of Philadelphia printed this lithograph of “Indian Antiquities,” depicting South American woodenware, from an original sketch by John M. Stanley (1814–1872) of Detroit (1834–1840, 1864–1872) and Washington, D.C. (1850-1860). The illustration was published in 1855 by A.O.P. Nicholson in Washington, D.C. as Plate X in the “Indian remains” section of volume II of The United States Naval Astronomical Survey to the Southern Hemisphere, written by Thomas Ewbank (1792–1870).
Location:
Currently not on view
Subject:
Anthropolgy
Amphibians
Mammals
Navy
U.S. Congress
South America
Environmental History
Birds
Fish
Fossils
Shells
Indians
Reptiles
Maps
Exploration and Discovery
Art
Communications
Government, Politics, and Reform
Measuring & Mapping
Military
Natural Resources
Science & Mathematics
Survey Prints
ID Number:
2007.0204.01
Accession number:
2007.0204
Catalog number:
2007.0204.01
See more items in:
Culture and the Arts: Graphic Arts
Survey Prints
Data Source:
National Museum of American History, Kenneth E. Behring Center

National Tribal Chairmen's Association records 1971-1978

view National Tribal Chairmen's Association records 1971-1978 digital asset number 1
Creator:
National Tribal Chairmenʹs Association
Youpee, William
Toda, Chinzu
Subject:
United States Indian Health Service
American Indian Movement
Advisory Commission on Intergovernment Relations
Association on American Indian Tradition and Cultural Activities
Physical description:
40 linear feet
Culture:
American Indians legal cases tribal government agriculture
Type:
Sound recordings
Letters
Printed material
Minutes
Lists
Date:
1971-1978
Notes:
Planning for the establishment of the National Tribal Chairmenʹs Association took place in Pierre, North Dakota, in April 1971, and formal organization took place in Albuquerque in July 1971. The organization serves as a voice for elected Indian leaders of federally recognized tribes and promotes American Indian unity, observation of treaty and other rights, preservation of values, and progress in justice, social standing, education, economic well being, and political influence of all Indians of the United States. The organization no longer exists.
Summary:
The files are those of the Washington, D.C., office that were acculated primarily under William Youpee. Youpee served as the first president of the association and became its executive director in 1972. There are also files accumulated by Chinzu Toda, a Bureau of Indian Affairs employee who was on loan to the NTCA. In 1978, Kenneth E. Black became the executive director. Material created from 1978 to the end of the NTCA are in private hands.
Cite as:
Records of the National Tribal Chairmenʹs Association, Smithsonian Institution National Museum of the American Indian Archives
Topic:
Indian-government relations
Indian interest groups
Local number:
NMAI.AC.014
Data Source:
Smithsonian Institution National Museum of the American Indian Archives

Publications, 2009

view Publications, 2009 digital asset number 1
Creator:
National Museum of the American Indian (U.S.) Office of Education and Museum Programs Publications Office
Subject:
Akers, Donna
Champagne, Duane
Johnson, Troy R
Trafzer, Clifford E
Venables, Robert W
Gilbert, Matthew Sakiestewa
HarperCollins (Firm)
Physical description:
0.25 cu. ft. (1 half document box)
Type:
Books
Collection descriptions
Place:
United States
Date:
2009
Summary:
This accession consists of the National Museum of the American Indian (NMAI) publication, "American Indians/American Presidents: A History." The book, co-published with HarperCollins, was edited by Clifford E. Trafzer and includes essays by five scholars of Native American history, including Robert W. Venables, Donna Akers, Matthew Sakiestewa Gilbert, Duane Champagne, and Troy R. Johnson. "American Indians/American Presidents: A History" explores the relationship of tribal leaders and American presidents; covering what they said and felt about one another, and how their words and actions framed relations between Native nations and the United States. The book also shows how Native people advanced their own agenda for tribal sovereignty, from the 18th century to the present.
Topic:
Indian leadership
Indians of North America--Government relations
Indians of North America--Politics and government
Museum publications
Self-determination, National
Presidents--History
Presidents--Racial attitudes
Local number:
SIA Acc. 10-009
See more items in:
Publications 1994, 2003-2016 [National Museum of the American Indian (U.S.) Office of Education and Museum Programs Publications Office]
Data Source:
Smithsonian Institution Archives

Albert Gallatin

view Albert Gallatin digital asset number 1
Artist:
Thomas Worthington Whittredge, 22 May 1820 - 25 Feb 1910
Copy after:
Gilbert Stuart, 3 Dec 1755 - 9 Jul 1828
Sitter:
Albert Gallatin, 29 Jan 1761 - 12 Aug 1849
Medium:
Oil on cardboard
Dimensions:
68.5cm x 55.8cm (26 15/16" x 21 15/16"), Accurate
Type:
Painting
Date:
after 1859
Topic:
Albert Gallatin: Literature\Writer
Albert Gallatin: Politics and Government\Cabinet Member\Secretary of Treasury
Albert Gallatin: Politics and Government\Diplomat
Albert Gallatin: Politics and Government\US Congressman\Pennsylvania
Albert Gallatin: Business and Industry\Banker
Albert Gallatin: Politics and Government\State Legislator\Pennsylvania
Albert Gallatin: Society and Social Change\Administrator\Historical Society\President
Albert Gallatin: Native American\Treaty Negotiator
Albert Gallatin: Politics and Government\US Senator\Pennsylvania
Portrait
Credit Line:
National Portrait Gallery, Smithsonian Institution
Object number:
NPG.76.34
See more items in:
National Portrait Gallery Collection
Data Source:
National Portrait Gallery

Kee-o-kúk, The Watchful Fox, Chief of the Tribe

view Kee-o-kúk, The Watchful Fox, Chief of the Tribe digital asset number 1
Artist:
George Catlin, born Wilkes-Barre, PA 1796-died Jersey City, NJ 1872
Sitter:
Keokuk
Medium:
oil on canvas
Dimensions:
29 x 24 in. (73.7 x 6 0.9 cm)
Type:
Painting
Date:
1835
Description:
George Catlin painted Kee-o-kúk at the Sac and Fox village in 1835. He described the chief as a “vain man” who was very pleased with his portraits, including this version. He wears an elaborate costume of white buckskin leggings, a red blanket, and a bear-claw necklace. Two years later, in 1837, Catlin brought Kee-o-kúk to Washington, where the artist showed his portraits, hoping the government would buy his Indian Gallery. During this visit, a journalist for the New York Evening Herald described the chief as a “fine and noble looking man.” Kee-o-kúk thought it useless for his people to fight the United States government. Instead, he signed over lands in the states known today as Illinois, Missouri, and Wisconsin, for which his tribe received about seventy-five cents per acre. Catlin noted that the Sac and Fox “have sold so much of their land lately, that they have the luxuries of life to a considerable degree . . . they look elated and happy, carrying themselves much above the humbled manner of most of the semi-civilized tribes, whose heads are hanging and drooping in poverty and despair.” (Dippie, Catlin and His Contemporaries: The Politics of Patronage, 1990)
Topic:
Dress\ethnic\Indian dress
Figure male\full length
Portrait male
Ethnic\Indian\Sac and Fox
Ethnic\Indian\Sac and Fox
Object\weapon\spear
Dress\accessory\shield
Credit Line:
Smithsonian American Art Museum, Gift of Mrs. Joseph Harrison, Jr.
Object number:
1985.66.1
See more items in:
Smithsonian American Art Museum Collection
Data Source:
Smithsonian American Art Museum

Wilcomb E. Washburn Papers, 1946-1989

view Wilcomb E. Washburn Papers, 1946-1989 digital asset number 1
Creator:
Washburn, Wilcomb E
Subject:
Washburn, Wilcomb E
United States Marine Corps
National Museum of American History (U.S.) Division of Political History
Smithsonian Institution Office of American Studies
United States Marine Corps Reserve
Physical description:
3 cu. ft. (3 record storage boxes)
Type:
Manuscripts
Collection descriptions
Place:
United States
Date:
1946
1946-1989
Summary:
This accession consists of papers documenting aspects of the career of Wilcomb E. Washburn, historian and teacher of American political and cultural history. He held positions at the National Museum of American History, Division of Political History and later at the Smithsonian Institution, Office of American Studies. Much of the material deals with research on the Indians of North America. A small quantity of material deals with his service in the United States Marine Corps and the United States Marine Corps Reserve. Materials include correspondence, papers, course administrative materials, notes, and conference materials.
Topic:
Historians
Indians of North America
History
Politics and government
Local number:
SIA Acc. 06-258
Data Source:
Smithsonian Institution Archives

Red Cloud

view Red Cloud digital asset number 1
Artist:
Charles Milton Bell, 1848 - 1893
Sitter:
Red Cloud, 1822 - 10 Dec 1909
Medium:
Albumen silver print
Dimensions:
Image/Sheet: 40.6 x 31.9cm (16 x 12 9/16")
Mount: 71.3 x 55.8cm (28 1/16 x 21 15/16")
Mat: 81.3 x 66cm (32 x 26")
Type:
Photograph
Place:
United States\District of Columbia
Date:
1880
Exhibition Label:
"I have tried to get from my Great Father what is right and just," exclaimed Red Cloud to government officials at the conclusion of his first trip to the East in 1870. Two years earlier the celebrated Lakota leader had forced U.S. authorities to abandon a series of newly constructed forts meant to protect settlers moving across traditional Native lands. Beginning in 1870, however, Red Cloud would choose diplomacy, not warfare, to protect the Lakota's land base and to ensure the tribe's political and cultural independence. Although the westward migration of American settlers would continue largely unabated, Red Cloud remained dedicated to the future welfare of the Lakota, meeting with five different U.S. presidents over a period of thirty years. Washington photographer Charles M. Bell seated Red Cloud next to a papier-mâché rock and a painted seascape backdrop for this portrait taken during one of his many trips to the nation's capital.
Topic:
Interior
Equipment\Walking stick\Cane
Interior\Studio\Photography
Red Cloud: Native American\Warrior
Red Cloud: Native American\Leader\Chief
Portrait
Credit Line:
National Portrait Gallery, Smithsonian Institution
Object number:
NPG.2005.117
See more items in:
National Portrait Gallery Collection
Data Source:
National Portrait Gallery

Catahecassa

view Catahecassa digital asset number 1
Attribution:
Albert Newsam, 20 May 1809 - 20 Nov 1864
Copy after:
Charles Bird King, 26 Sep 1785 - 18 Mar 1862
Lithographer:
Lehman & Duval Lithography Company, active 1835 - 1837
Publisher:
Edward C. Biddle, active early 19th Century
Publication:
Thomas L. McKenney and James Hall's History of the Indian Tribes of North America, 3 vols., Philadelphia, 1837 - 1844
Sitter:
Catahecassa, c. 1740 - 1831
Medium:
Hand-colored lithograph on paper
Dimensions:
Image: 31.5cm x 22.9cm (12 3/8" x 9")
Sheet: 50.8cm x 36.2cm (20" x 14 1/4")
Type:
Print
Place:
United States\Pennsylvania\Philadelphia\Philadelphia
Date:
1837
Topic:
Catahecassa: Native American\Orator
Catahecassa: Native American\Leader\Chief
Catahecassa: Native American\Treaty Negotiator
Catahecassa: Politics and Government\Government Official\Indian agent
Portrait
Credit Line:
National Portrait Gallery, Smithsonian Institution
Object number:
NPG.94.102
See more items in:
National Portrait Gallery Collection
Data Source:
National Portrait Gallery

Our Pioneer Heroes and Their Daring Deeds

view Our Pioneer Heroes and Their Daring Deeds digital asset number 1
Artist:
Henry F. Farny, 1847 - 1916
Armand Welcker, active c. 1887
Printer:
Scammell & Company
Sitter:
John Smith, 1579/80 - Jun 1631
Sitting Bull, c. 1831 - 15 Dec 1890
Daniel Boone, 11 Feb 1734 - 26 Sep 1820
Christopher Houston Carson, 24 Dec 1809 - 23 May 1868
John Burwell Omohundro, 1846 - 1880
William Frederick Cody, 26 Feb 1846 - 10 Jan 1917
James Butler Hickok, 27 May 1837 - 2 Aug 1876
Robert Cavelier Lasale, 1643 - 1687
Geronimo, c. 1823 - 17 Feb 1909
Lewis Wetzel, 1764 - 1808
Medium:
Wood engraving on paper
Dimensions:
Image: 70 x 34cm (27 9/16 x 13 3/8")
Sheet: 73 x 36.8cm (28 3/4 x 14 1/2")
Type:
Print
Date:
1887
Topic:
Weapon\Gun
Weapon\Sword
Nature & Environment\Animal\Horse
Costume\Dress Accessory\Feather
Daniel Boone: Politics and Government\State Legislator\Virginia
Daniel Boone: Law and Law Enforcement\Police\Sheriff
Daniel Boone: Natural Resources\Pioneer
Daniel Boone: Natural Resources\Pioneer\Frontiersman
Christopher Houston Carson: Military\Army\Officer\Colonel
Christopher Houston Carson: Military\Soldier
Christopher Houston Carson: Business and Industry\Merchant\Trader\Fur trader
Christopher Houston Carson: Natural Resources\Scout
Christopher Houston Carson: Natural Resources\Guide
Christopher Houston Carson: Politics and Government\Government Official\Indian agent
Christopher Houston Carson: Natural Resources\Hunter
Christopher Houston Carson: Natural Resources\Trapper
William Frederick Cody: Natural Resources\Pioneer\Frontiersman
William Frederick Cody: Military\Scout
William Frederick Cody: Performing Arts\Performer\Showman
William Frederick Cody: Natural Resources\Hunter
James Butler Hickok: Military\Spy
James Butler Hickok: Military\Scout
James Butler Hickok: Military\Soldier\Civil War\Union
James Butler Hickok: Law and Law Enforcement\Marshal
John Smith: Literature\Writer
John Smith: Natural Resources\Explorer
John Smith: Science and Technology\Scientist\Cartographer
John Smith: Natural Resources\Pioneer\Colonizer
Geronimo: Native American\Warrior
Geronimo: Natural Resources\Agriculturist\Farmer
Geronimo: Native American\Leader
Sitting Bull: Native American\Warrior
Sitting Bull: Native American\Leader\Chief
Sitting Bull: Native American\Medicine man
Portrait
Credit Line:
National Portrait Gallery, Smithsonian Institution
Object number:
NPG.89.10
See more items in:
National Portrait Gallery Collection
Data Source:
National Portrait Gallery

Ted Kennedy

view Ted Kennedy digital asset: Photograph by Ken Regan, Senators Ted Kennedy and John Tunney at Indian sub-committee hearings in Nixon, NV, 1972
Depicted (sitter):
Kennedy, Edward M.
Photographer:
Regan, Ken
Physical Description:
paper (overall material)
Measurements:
overall: 8 1/2 in x 11 in; 21.59 cm x 27.94 cm
Object Name:
gelatin silver print
Place made:
United States: Nevada, Nixon
Date made:
1972-01
Location:
Currently not on view
Subject:
Government
Government, Politics, and Reform
Politics
Presidential Candidates
Democratic Party
Native Americans
Cultures & Communities
Government
Photography
Ken Regan Collection
ID Number:
2014.0112.619
Catalog number:
2014.0112.619
Accession number:
2014.0112
See more items in:
Culture and the Arts: Photographic History
Ken Regan Collection
Data Source:
National Museum of American History, Kenneth E. Behring Center

Ute Delegation

view Ute Delegation digital asset number 1
Artist:
Mathew Brady Studio, active 1844 - 1894
Sitter:
Alexander Cameron Hunt, 1825 - 1894
Pe-Ah
Chief Ouray, c. 1833 - 27 Aug 1880
Medium:
Albumen silver print
Dimensions:
Image/Sheet: 17.8 x 49.8cm (7 x 19 5/8")
Mount: 22.9 x 52.2cm (9 x 20 9/16")
Mat: 40.6 x 71.1cm (16 x 28")
Type:
Photograph
Date:
1868
Exhibition Label:
This three-part photograph shows eight members of the 1868 Ute delegation to Washington, D.C., standing alongside nine government officials. Because of growing complaints about settlers trespassing on traditional Ute lands, this group came together ostensibly to establish a definable Ute reservation in Colorado. Fourth from the right is Ouray, the individual whom U.S. authorities regarded as the tribe's principal spokesman. Fluent in English and Spanish, Ouray was best able to communicate with federal officials. His close association with Kit Carson-who traveled with the delegation but is not pictured here-and his reputation for being cooperative also made him the person with whom negotiators most wanted to deal. Although he was an important leader, Ouray had no such negotiating authority. Nevertheless, a treaty was signed during the Utes' visit that secured a relatively generous land apportionment. For the remainder of his life, Ouray struggled, often unsuccessfully, to have U.S. authorities honor the terms of this treaty.
Topic:
Interior
Alexander Cameron Hunt: Politics and Government\Governor\Colorado
Chief Ouray: Native American\Leader\Chief
Portrait
Credit Line:
National Portrait Gallery, Smithsonian Institution
Object number:
NPG.93.372
See more items in:
National Portrait Gallery Collection
Data Source:
National Portrait Gallery

Benjamin O'Fallon

view Benjamin O'Fallon digital asset number 1
Artist:
Unidentified Artist
Sitter:
Benjamin O'Fallon, 20 Sep 1793 - 17 Dec 1842
Medium:
Oil on canvas
Dimensions:
138cm x 103.7cm (54 5/16" x 40 13/16"), Accurate
Type:
Painting
Date:
c. 1833
Topic:
Costume\Headgear\Military
Exterior\Landscape
Nature & Environment\Water\Lake
Costume\Dress Accessory\Sash
Benjamin O'Fallon: Business and Industry\Merchant\Trader
Benjamin O'Fallon: Politics and Government\Government Official\Indian agent
Portrait
Credit Line:
National Portrait Gallery, Smithsonian Institution; partial gift of Edward Gesuele Peterson and Nancy Gesuele Peterson
Object number:
NPG.81.33
See more items in:
National Portrait Gallery Collection
Data Source:
National Portrait Gallery

Catahecassa

Black Hoof
view Catahecassa digital asset number 1
Artist:
Henry Inman, 28 Oct 1801 - 17 Jan 1846
Copy after:
Charles Bird King, 26 Sep 1785 - 18 Mar 1862
Sitter:
Catahecassa, c. 1740 - 1831
Medium:
Oil on canvas
Dimensions:
77.2 x 64.8 cm (30 3/8 x 25 1/2" ), Estimate
Type:
Painting
Date:
1830-1833
Topic:
Interior
Costume\Headgear\Turban
Catahecassa: Native American\Orator
Catahecassa: Native American\Leader\Chief
Catahecassa: Native American\Treaty Negotiator
Catahecassa: Politics and Government\Government Official\Indian agent
Portrait
Credit Line:
National Portrait Gallery, Smithsonian Institution
Object number:
NPG.82.105
See more items in:
National Portrait Gallery Collection
Data Source:
National Portrait Gallery

Ca-ta-he-cas-sa - Black Hoof

view Ca-ta-he-cas-sa - Black Hoof digital asset number 1
Artist:
Unidentified Artist
Lithographer:
J. T. Bowen Lithography Company, active 1834 - 1844?
Publisher:
Frederick W. Greenough, active c. 1838
Sitter:
Catahecassa, c. 1740 - 1831
Medium:
Hand-colored lithograph on paper
Dimensions:
Image: 50.6 x 36cm (19 15/16 x 14 3/16")
Type:
Bound Object
Date:
1838
Topic:
Print
Costume\Headgear\Turban
Catahecassa: Native American\Orator
Catahecassa: Native American\Leader\Chief
Catahecassa: Native American\Treaty Negotiator
Catahecassa: Politics and Government\Government Official\Indian agent
Portrait
Credit Line:
National Portrait Gallery, Smithsonian Institution; gift of Betty A. and Lloyd G. Schermer
Object number:
NPG.99.167.27
See more items in:
National Portrait Gallery Collection
Data Source:
National Portrait Gallery

Inscribing empire: Guam and the War in the Pacific National Historical Park

view Inscribing empire: Guam and the War in the Pacific National Historical Park digital asset: https://repository.si.edu/bitstream/handle/10088/16799/nmai_Herman_PG_2008.pdf
Author:
Herman, R. Douglas K.
Object Type:
Smithsonian staff publication
Electronic document
Year:
2008
Abstract:
National parks form an archipelago of government-run, on-site "museums," geographic sites of territorial and rhetorical nation-building. The War in the Pacific National Historical Park, which occupies seven parcels of land on the small island of Guam, celebrates the "freedom" that the U.S. brought to the region in World War II. But in fact, this landscape sits at the nexus of several contested territories. Guam was seized in the 1898 Spanish-American War--the final wave of American territorial expansion--and experienced 50 years of dictatorship under the U.S. Navy, despite vigorous efforts by islanders to gain citizenship and basic rights. The post-war transformation of the island by the military came at the further expense of local land rights, and the park itself later got caught up in the struggle over federal land ownership. Disagreements within the park service and between the park service and the local people added to the contests. Finally and most importantly, the park-as-text presents a discourse of American military heroism against the Japanese, at the expense of recognition of Chamorro suffering, or of any historical marker tying the indigenous history of Guam into U.S. historical memory. The contradiction between U.S. expansionism and U.S. ideals is apparent in the way the park serves as a colonial tool in this remnant of the American empire. This paper examines the park as a narrative landscape within the fields of contestation that characterize U.S. rule on Guam.
Doi:
10.1016/j.polgeo.2008.07.003
Citation:
Herman, R. D. K. 2008. Inscribing empire: Guam and the War in the Pacific National Historical Park. Political Geography, 27(6): 630-651. doi:10.1016/j.polgeo.2008.07.003
Topic:
Native Americans
American Indians
Data source:
Smithsonian Libraries

Kit Carson

view Kit Carson digital asset number 1
Artist:
Charles DeForest Fredricks, 11 Dec 1823 - 25 May 1894
Sitter:
Christopher Houston Carson, 24 Dec 1809 - 23 May 1868
Medium:
Albumen silver print
Dimensions:
Image/Sheet: 8.3 x 5.6cm (3 1/4 x 2 3/16")
Mount: 10.3 x 6.1cm (4 1/16 x 2 3/8")
Mat: 45.7 x 35.6cm (18 x 14")
Type:
Photograph
Date:
c. 1863
Exhibition Label:
Christopher "Kit" Carson was a legendary yet controversial figure whose career as a mountain man and an army officer in the Southwest earned him national acclaim. Carson first gained notoriety working under explorer John C. Frémont. Serving on three Frémont-led expeditions during the 1840s, he distinguished himself for his skills as a hunter and a guide. Despite being illiterate, he was fluent in several languages and was able to communicate with many Native American tribes in the region. During the Civil War, Carson commanded a Union regiment, successfully defending New Mexico from Confederate invaders. Also at this time he was called upon to lead a campaign to relocate the Navajo to a reservation three hundred miles away on the Pecos River. The 1864 "Long Walk" to Bosque Redondo-during which more than two hundred died-represented one of the largest forced relocations in U.S. history.
Topic:
Photographic Format\Carte-de-visite
Christopher Houston Carson: Military\Army\Officer\Colonel
Christopher Houston Carson: Military\Soldier
Christopher Houston Carson: Business and Industry\Merchant\Trader\Fur trader
Christopher Houston Carson: Natural Resources\Scout
Christopher Houston Carson: Natural Resources\Guide
Christopher Houston Carson: Politics and Government\Government Official\Indian agent
Christopher Houston Carson: Natural Resources\Hunter
Christopher Houston Carson: Natural Resources\Trapper
Portrait
Credit Line:
National Portrait Gallery, Smithsonian Institution
Object number:
NPG.2005.115
See more items in:
National Portrait Gallery Collection
Data Source:
National Portrait Gallery

Peter Perkins Pitchlynn

view Peter Perkins Pitchlynn digital asset number 1
Artist:
Charles Fenderich, 1805 - 1887
Lithographer:
Peter S. Duval, active mid 19th Century
Sitter:
Peter Perkins Pitchlynn, 30 Jan 1806 - 17 Jan 1881
Medium:
Lithograph
Dimensions:
Sheet: 53.7 x 38 cm (21 1/8 x 14 15/16")
Type:
Print
Date:
1842
Topic:
Costume\Dress Accessory\Scarf
Peter Perkins Pitchlynn: Natural Resources\Agriculturist\Farmer
Peter Perkins Pitchlynn: Politics and Government\Diplomat
Peter Perkins Pitchlynn: Native American\Orator
Peter Perkins Pitchlynn: Native American\Leader\Chief
Peter Perkins Pitchlynn: Native American\Treaty Negotiator
Portrait
Credit Line:
National Portrait Gallery, Smithsonian Institution
Object number:
NPG.72.64
See more items in:
National Portrait Gallery Collection
Data Source:
National Portrait Gallery

Scrapbook of illustrations and sample engravings ca. 1814-30

view Scrapbook of illustrations and sample engravings ca. 1814-30 digital asset number 1
Artist:
Lewis, James Otto 1799-1858
Hary, John W
Publisher:
Lucas, Fielding, Jr
Subject:
Key-way-wo-wut
Going Cloud
O-Car-Gee-Wick
Clinton, De Witt
Cobbett, William
Thomson, James
Werner, Goliah
Bainbridge, William
American Fur Company
Physical description:
33 pages
Culture:
Chippewa
Eskimos
Arctic peoples
Indians of North America Subarctic
Indians of North America Northeast
Ojibwa Indians
Type:
Archival materials
Collection descriptions
Place:
Castle Rock (Lake District, England)
Date:
ca 1814-30
Notes:
Lucas was an owner of a printing and publishing firm in Baltimore. In 1827, it issued Thomas L. McKenney's A Sketch of a Tour to the Lakes, which was illustrated after drawings by James Otto Lewis.
Summary:
Some of the original watercolor and wash drawings are included in the scrapbook, including: Indian canoes, page 200 in McKenney's Sketch; View of the Urn, Lake Superior page 361; Grave of a Chippewa Child on the Island Opposite Fond du Lac (Minnesota) page 305; Cave Rock, South Shore of Lake Superior, page 364; Oblique View of the Doric Rock of Lake Superior (unpublished): Front View of the Doric Rock, page 225; Castle Rock, South Shore, Lake Superior, page 363; View of the Urn, Lake Superior (and the Monument), page 362; Skeleton of a Chippewa Indian's Lodge, page 418; Chippewa Lodge, of poles, covered with birch bark, unpublished; Chippewa Widow, page 292; Key-way-wo-wut, or Going Cloud, page 327, O-Car-Gee-Wick, page 314; Chippewa Chief with His Calumet and Pouch, page 331; Indian Dog Train, page 196; another view of Doric Rock, unpublished; another view of the Urn, unpublished; Front view of American Fur Company's Building, Fond du Lac, Minnesota, page 276, and a view of the gathering for the Treaty of Fond du Lac, 1826, page 311.
Also a drawing by John W. Hary (?) showing how Eskimos at Hudson Bay caught fish. Other original, unidentified artwork, a certificate of membership in the Baltimore Beneficial Society, and samples of printing of bank papers are included. There are, in addition, engraved portraits and title pages and illustrations from publications. The portraits include De Witt Clinton, William Cobbett, James Thomson, Goliah Werner, and William Bainbridge. The materials from publications include items from The Chemist and National Recreations, or Holiday Amusements and Robert Stuart's Dictionary of Architecture and A Descriptive History of the Steam Engine (all printed by Knight and Lacy of London); Citizen of the World, Edwin and Anelina; The Works of Robert Bruns, The Works of Thomas Moore, Thackery's Vicar of Wakefield; and other unidentified publications.
Cite as:
Manuscript 7135, National Anthropological Archives, Smithsonian Institution
Topic:
Doric Rock
Urn burial
Cave Rock
Chippewa
Mortuary customs
Habitations and other structures
American Indian
Pipe
Transportation
Bark preparation
Government and politics
Federal-Indian relations
Art, miscellaneous
Eskimos
Fishing
Language and languages--Documentation
Local number:
NAA MS 7135
See more items in:
Scrapbook of illustrations and sample engravings ca. 1814-30 [Lewis, James Otto 1799-1858]
Data Source:
National Anthropological Archives

New voyages to North-America : Containing an account of the several nations of that vast continent : their customs, commerce, and way of navigation upon the lakes and rivers : the several attempts of the English and French to dispossess one another : with the reasons of the miscarriage of the former : and the various adventures between the French, and the Iroquese confederates of England, from 1683 to 1694. A geographical description of Canada, and a natural history of the country, with remarks upon their government, and the interest of the English and French in their commerce. Also a dialogue between the author and a general of the savages, giving a full view of the religion and strange opinions of those people : with an account of the author's retreat to Portugal and Denmark and his remarks on those courts. To which is added, a dictionary of the Algonkine language, which is generally spoke in North-America : illustrated with twenty three mapps and cutts / Written in French by the Baron Lahontan, lord lievtenant of the French colony at Placentia in Newfoundland, now in England. Done into English, in two volumes. A great part of which never printed in the original

Some new voyages to North-America
view New voyages to North-America : Containing an account of the several nations of that vast continent : their customs, commerce, and way of navigation upon the lakes and rivers : the several attempts of the English and French to dispossess one another : with the reasons of the miscarriage of the former : and the various adventures between the French, and the Iroquese confederates of England, from 1683 to 1694. A geographical description of Canada, and a natural history of the country, with remarks upon their government, and the interest of the English and French in their commerce. Also a dialogue between the author and a general of the savages, giving a full view of the religion and strange opinions of those people : with an account of the author's retreat to Portugal and Denmark and his remarks on those courts. To which is added, a dictionary of the Algonkine language, which is generally spoke in North-America : illustrated with twenty three mapps and cutts / Written in French by the Baron Lahontan, lord lievtenant of the French colony at Placentia in Newfoundland, now in England. Done into English, in two volumes. A great part of which never printed in the original digital asset number 1
Author:
Lahontan, Louis Armand de Lom d'Arce baron de 1666-1716
Engraver:
Moll, Herman d. 1732
Physical description:
2 v., [23] leaves of plates (some folded) : ill., maps ; 20 cm. (8vo)
Type:
Early works to 1800
Glossaries, vocabularies, etc
Place:
Canada
Portugal
Denmark
Date:
1703
To 1763 (New France)
Notes:
Translation of: Nouveaux voyages de Mr. le baron de Lahontan dans l'Amerique septentrionale.
Vol. 2 has title: New voyages to North-America. Giving a full account of the customs, commerce, religion, and strange opinions of the savages of that country. With political remarks upon the courts of Portugal and Denmark, and the present state of the commerce of those countries ...
"The engravings are by H. Moll"--Sabin.
Title pages with double-rule borders.
Pagination of each v.: v. 1. [24], 280 p., [12] leaves of plates; v. 2. [2], 302, [16] p. (final p. is blank), [11] leaves of plates.
Includes index at end of v. 2.
Errata in v. 1, p. [24] (1st group).
Publisher's advertisement on p. [1] (3rd group) of v. 2.
Sabin 38644
Pilling, J.C. Bib. of the Algonquian languages, p. 290-291
Contents:
v. 1. Some new voyages to North-America (letters I-XXV). Memoirs of North-America. A table explaining some terms made use of in both volumes -- v. 2. A discourse of the habit, houses, complexion and temperament of the savages of North-America. A conference or dialogue between the author and Adario, a noted man among the savages. An appendix, containing some new voyages to Portugal and Denmark. A short dictionary of the most universal language of the savages. Index
Topic:
Algonquin language
Wyandot language
Description and travel
History
Call number:
F1030 .L1813 1703
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries

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