National Congress of American Indians records, 1933-1990 (bulk 1944-1989)
National Congress of American Indians
Bronson, Ruth Muskrat
Curry, James E. 1907-1972
Harjo, Suzan Shown
McNickle, D'Arcy 1904-1977
Peterson, Helen L
Snake, Reuben 1937-1993
Trimble, Charles E
National Congress of American Indians
National Tribal Chairmen's Association
United Effort Trust
United States American Indian Policy Review Commission
United States Bureau of Indian Affairs
United States Indian Claims Commission
251 linear feet
The National Congress of American Indians (NCAI) is a major American Indian advocacy organization, designed to serve as a link between tribal governments and the United States government. NCAI was founded in 1944, in Denver, CO, as a membership organization for "persons of Indian blood." In 1955, group membership was limited to recognized tribes, committees, or bands. The organization is overseen by an Executive Council, which selects a five-member Executive Committee and an Executive Director. The Executive Director is then responsible for managing the organization's staff and overseeing its initiatives and everyday operations. Since 1944, NCAI has held annual conventions in the fall to elect officers and pass resolutions, which become the basis for the organization's policy positions. Beginning in 1977, a mid-year conference in May or June was added to provide further opportunities for in-depth exploration of issues.
Since its inauguration, NCAI has worked on a wide variety of issues facing Indians in the US. Some of those issues include voting rights, land claims, education, economic development, natural resource protection and management, nuclear waste, repatriation, and government-to-government relations with the federal government. In 1954, NCAI organized an emergency conference to protest the US government's newly-announced termination policy. NCAI has also frequently worked closely with other Indian organizations, such as the Native American Rights Fund and National Tribal Chairmen's Association, and with various government bodies, such as the Bureau of Indian Affairs and Indian Health Service.
The NCAI records document the organization's work, particularly that of its office in Washington, DC, and the wide variety of issues faced by American Indians in the twentieth century. The bulk of the material relates to legislation, lobbying, and NCAI's interactions with various governmental bodies. A large segment also concerns the annual conventions and executive council and executive committee meetings. Finally, the records also document the operations of the NCAI, including personnel, financial, and fundraising material. The collection also includes the records of two of NCAI's Executive Directors, Charles E. "Chuck" Trimble (1972-1977) and Suzan Shown Harjo (1984-1989). Included are correspondence, publications, reports, administrative records, photographs, and audio and video recordings.
National Congress of American Indians Records, National Museum of the American Indian Archive Center, Smithsonian Institution
Alaska Natives--Land tenure
Indians of North America--Civil rights
Indians of North America--Economic conditions
Indians of North America--Government relations
Indians of North America--Legal status, laws, etc
Indians of North America--Politics and government
Indians of North America--Social conditions
Indian termination policy
Trail of Broken Treaties, 1972
Access to NMAI Archive Center collections is by appointment only, Monday - Friday, 9:30 am - 4:30 pm. Please contact the archives to make an appointment (phone: 301-238-1400, email: firstname.lastname@example.org)
The treaties made by the United States of America with other nations. Treaties made with Indian tribes between 1784 and 1786
United States Laws, statutes, etc
1 v. ; 21 cm
Extracted from The laws of the United States of America (Philadelphia : Printed by Richard Folwell, 1796-), v. 2: Acts passed at the first-second sessions of the second Congress (1791-1792). The treaties made by the United States of America, with other nations. Declaration of America, with other nations. Declaration of independence. Articles of confederation. And ordinance for the government of the territory of the United States north-west of the river Ohio.
Contains texts of treaties made with various Indian tribes between 1784 and 1786.
Articles of a treaty between the United States of America, and the Sachems and warriors of the Six Nations -- ... and the Sachems and warriors of the Wiandot, Delaware, Chippawa and Ottawa Nations -- ... and the head-men and warriors of the Cherokees -- ... and the Choctaw Nation -- ... and the Chickasaws -- ... and the chiefs and warriors of the Shawanoe Nation -- A treaty of peace and friendship between the United States of America, and the kings, chiefs and warriors of the Creek Nation of Indians -- Articles of agreement and confederation, between the United States of North America and the Delaware Nation -- Articles of a treaty between the United States of America, and the Sachems and warriors of the Wyandot, Delaware, Ottawa, Chippewa, Pattawatima and Sac Nations -- A treaty of peace and friendship between the President of the United States of America, and the chiefs and warriors of the Cherokee Nation of Indians -- Articles of a treaty between the United States of America, and the Cherokee Indians -- A treaty between the United States of America, and the tribes of Indians called the Six Nations -- A treaty between the United States and the Oneida, Tuscorora, and Stockbridge Indians -- A treaty of peace between the United States of America and the tribes of Indians called the Wyandots, Delawares, Shawanoes, Ottawas, Chipewas, Putawatimes, Miamis, Eelriver, Weeás, Kickapoos, Piankashaws, and Kaskaskias
National Museum of the American Indian (U.S.) Office of Education and Museum Programs Publications Office
Harjo, Suzan Shown
Matos Mendieta, Ramiro
Dubin, Lois Sherr
Nation to Nation: Treaties Between the United States and American Indian Nations (Exhibition) (2014-2018: Washington, D.C.)
Glittering World: Navajo Jewelry of the Yazzie Family (Exhibition) (2014-2016: New York, N.Y.)
The Great Inka Road: Engineering an Empire (Exhibition) (2015-2018: Washington, D.C.)
1 cu. ft. (1 record storage box)
This accession consists of the following publications that accompanied exhibitions at the National Museum of the American Indian: "Nation to Nation: Treaties Between United States and American Indian Nations," edited by Suzan Shown Harjo; "Glittering World: Navajo Jewelry of the Yazzie Family," edited by Lois Sherr Dubin; "The Great Inka Road: Engineering an Empire," edited by Ramiro Matos Mendieta and José Barreiro; and "The Great Inka Road: Activity Guide." "Nation to Nation: Treaties Between United States and American Indian Nations" explores the diplomacy, promises, and betrayals involved in two hundred years of treaties and treaty making between the United State government and Native Nations. "Glittering World: Navajo Jewelry of the Yazzie Family" presents a story of Navajo jewelry framed by the work of the Yazzies, a family of gifted jewelers. "The Great Inka Road: Engineering an Empire" delves into the historical, structural, and cultural significance of a road network that linked Cusco, the administrative capital and spiritual center of the Inka world, to the farthest reaches of the vast empire. "The Great Inka Road: Activity Guide" was designed for children under 10 and accompanied the exhibition, "The Great Inka Road: Engineering an Empire." It allows children to explore the Inka Empire and its legacy through STEAM-focused activities: science, technology, engineering, arts, and mathematics.
Empire of law and Indian justice in colonial Mexico / Brian P. Owensby
Owensby, Brian Philip 1959-
x, 379 p. : ill., maps ; 24 cm
Spanish colony, 1540-1810
Opening -- Ordering the circumstances of encounter -- Help us and protect us -- Precarious possessions -- Liberty, not servitude -- Of guilt and punishment -- Voices in the republic -- Rebellious subjects -- Summation and beyond
Mastering American Indian law / Angelique Townsend EagleWoman, Stacy L. Leeds
EagleWoman, Angelique Townsend
Leeds, Stacy L. 1971-
xv, 172 pages : illustrations ; 23 cm
Introduction to American Indian law -- American Indian property law -- Criminal jurisdiction in Indian country -- Tribal government, civil jurisdiction and regulation -- Tribal business, industries, and best commercial practices -- Family law in tribal communities -- Natural resources in Indian country -- Tribal-state relations -- Sacred sites and cultural property protection -- International indigenous issues and tribal nations
Rights of the Indians / [Committee on Memorial to Congress concerning the Rights of the Indians]
Calhoun, William B (William Barron) 1795-1865
Committee on Memorial to Congress concerning the Rights of the Indians
16 p. ; 23 cm
"Memorial to the Senate and House of representatives of the United States": p. 3-13.
"Circular letter" (p. 13-16) dated and signed: Boston, Feb. 22, 1830. William B. Calhoun, Leverett Saltonstall, Rufus Choate [and others]
"A meeting of gentlemen from all parts of the Commonwealth ... convened in the Hall of the House of Representatives, Boston, Jan. 21, 1830, to consider the present relations between the government of the United States and the Indians."-- P. .