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National Congress of American Indians records, 1933-1990 (bulk 1944-1989)

Creator:
National Congress of American Indians
Subject:
Bronson, Ruth Muskrat
Curry, James E. 1907-1972
Deloria, Vine
Harjo, Suzan Shown
McNickle, D'Arcy 1904-1977
Peterson, Helen L
Snake, Reuben 1937-1993
Tonasket, Mel
Trimble, Charles E
Arrow, Inc
National Congress of American Indians
National Tribal Chairmen's Association
United Effort Trust
United States American Indian Policy Review Commission
United States Bureau of Indian Affairs
United States Indian Claims Commission
Physical description:
251 linear feet
Type:
Administrative records
Collection descriptions
Audiotapes
Clippings
Correspondence
Financial records
Photographs
Videotapes
Place:
United States
Date:
1933
1933-1990
bulk 1944-1989
20th century
1934-
Topic:
Alaska Natives--Land tenure
Indians of North America--Civil rights
Indians of North America--Economic conditions
Indians of North America--Government relations
Indians of North America--Legal status, laws, etc
Indians of North America--Politics and government
Indians of North America--Social conditions
Indian termination policy
Radioactive wastes--Management
Trail of Broken Treaties, 1972
Local number:
NMAI.AC.010
Notes:
The National Congress of American Indians (NCAI) is a major American Indian advocacy organization, designed to serve as a link between tribal governments and the United States government. NCAI was founded in 1944, in Denver, CO, as a membership organization for "persons of Indian blood." In 1955, group membership was limited to recognized tribes, committees, or bands. The organization is overseen by an Executive Council, which selects a five-member Executive Committee and an Executive Director. The Executive Director is then responsible for managing the organization's staff and overseeing its initiatives and everyday operations. Since 1944, NCAI has held annual conventions in the fall to elect officers and pass resolutions, which become the basis for the organization's policy positions. Beginning in 1977, a mid-year conference in May or June was added to provide further opportunities for in-depth exploration of issues
Since its inauguration, NCAI has worked on a wide variety of issues facing Indians in the US. Some of those issues include voting rights, land claims, education, economic development, natural resource protection and management, nuclear waste, repatriation, and government-to-government relations with the federal government. In 1954, NCAI organized an emergency conference to protest the US government's newly-announced termination policy. NCAI has also frequently worked closely with other Indian organizations, such as the Native American Rights Fund and National Tribal Chairmen's Association, and with various government bodies, such as the Bureau of Indian Affairs and Indian Health Service
Summary:
The NCAI records document the organization's work, particularly that of its office in Washington, DC, and the wide variety of issues faced by American Indians in the twentieth century. The bulk of the material relates to legislation, lobbying, and NCAI's interactions with various governmental bodies. A large segment also concerns the annual conventions and executive council and executive committee meetings. Finally, the records also document the operations of the NCAI, including personnel, financial, and fundraising material. The collection also includes the records of two of NCAI's Executive Directors, Charles E. "Chuck" Trimble (1972-1977) and Suzan Shown Harjo (1984-1989). Included are correspondence, publications, reports, administrative records, photographs, and audio and video recordings
Cite as:
National Congress of American Indians Records, National Museum of the American Indian Archive Center, Smithsonian Institution
Data Source:
Smithsonian Institution National Museum of the American Indian Archives
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Indians at work

Author:
United States Bureau of Indian Affairs
United States Office of Indian Affairs
Subject:
United States Office of Indian Affairs
Physical description:
13 v. : ill. ; 26-28 cm
Type:
Periodicals
Place:
United States
Date:
1933
1945
[1933-1945]
Topic:
Industries
Indians, Treatment of
Government relations
Legal status, laws, etc
Call number:
E98.I5 I39
Notes:
"An emergency conservation news sheet for ourselves" (subtitle varies)
Title from cover
Data Source:
Smithsonian Institution Libraries
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Rights of the Indians / [Committee on Memorial to Congress concerning the Rights of the Indians]

Author:
Calhoun, William B (William Barron) 1795-1865
Committee on Memorial to Congress concerning the Rights of the Indians
Physical description:
16 p. ; 23 cm
Type:
Books
Place:
Massachusetts
United States
Date:
1830
Topic:
Government relations
Legal status, laws, etc
Indians, Treatment of
Call number:
E93 .R57 1830
Notes:
Caption title
"Memorial to the Senate and House of representatives of the United States": p. 3-13
"Circular letter" (p. 13-16) dated and signed: Boston, Feb. 22, 1830. William B. Calhoun, Leverett Saltonstall, Rufus Choate [and others]
"A meeting of gentlemen from all parts of the Commonwealth ... convened in the Hall of the House of Representatives, Boston, Jan. 21, 1830, to consider the present relations between the government of the United States and the Indians."-- P. [1]
Data Source:
Smithsonian Institution Libraries
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The treaties made by the United States of America with other nations. Treaties made with Indian tribes between 1784 and 1786

Author:
United States Laws, statutes, etc
Physical description:
1 v. ; 21 cm
Type:
Treaties
Place:
United States
Date:
1796
1797
1796-1797]
Topic:
Law
Government relations
Legal status, laws, etc
Call number:
KF8203 1796b
Notes:
Cover title
Extracted from The laws of the United States of America (Philadelphia : Printed by Richard Folwell, 1796-[1797]), v. 2: Acts passed at the first-second sessions of the second Congress (1791-1792). The treaties made by the United States of America, with other nations. Declaration of America, with other nations. Declaration of independence. Articles of confederation. And ordinance for the government of the territory of the United States north-west of the river Ohio
Contains texts of treaties made with various Indian tribes between 1784 and 1786
Side-notes
Contents:
Articles of a treaty between the United States of America, and the Sachems and warriors of the Six Nations -- ... and the Sachems and warriors of the Wiandot, Delaware, Chippawa and Ottawa Nations -- ... and the head-men and warriors of the Cherokees -- ... and the Choctaw Nation -- ... and the Chickasaws -- ... and the chiefs and warriors of the Shawanoe Nation -- A treaty of peace and friendship between the United States of America, and the kings, chiefs and warriors of the Creek Nation of Indians -- Articles of agreement and confederation, between the United States of North America and the Delaware Nation -- Articles of a treaty between the United States of America, and the Sachems and warriors of the Wyandot, Delaware, Ottawa, Chippewa, Pattawatima and Sac Nations -- A treaty of peace and friendship between the President of the United States of America, and the chiefs and warriors of the Cherokee Nation of Indians -- Articles of a treaty between the United States of America, and the Cherokee Indians -- A treaty between the United States of America, and the tribes of Indians called the Six Nations -- A treaty between the United States and the Oneida, Tuscorora, and Stockbridge Indians -- A treaty of peace between the United States of America and the tribes of Indians called the Wyandots, Delawares, Shawanoes, Ottawas, Chipewas, Putawatimes, Miamis, Eelriver, Weeás, Kickapoos, Piankashaws, and Kaskaskias
Data Source:
Smithsonian Institution Libraries
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Journal of the ... annual session of the General Council of the Indian Territory composed of delegates duly elected from the Indian tribes legally resident therein assembled in Council at Okmulgee, Indian Territory

Journal of the General Council of the Indian Territory 1st, 1871Journal of General Council
Author:
Indian Territory General Council
Indian Territory Constitution
Former owner:
Powell, John Wesley 1834-1902 DSI
Subject:
Indian Territory General Council
Physical description:
7 v. ; 22 cm
Type:
Periodicals
Place:
Indian Territory
Date:
1870
1875
1871-1875
Topic:
Politics and government
Legal status, laws, etc
Government relations
Call number:
E78.I5 I622
Notes:
Printer named in imprint varies
Data Source:
Smithsonian Institution Libraries
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Laws relating to Indian affairs, passed since 1826 and treaties with Indian tribes, concluded since 1830

Laws of the United States, in relation to Indian affairs; and treaties with various Indian tribes, not heretofore published under the sanction of the War Department
Author:
United States
United States Office of Indian Affairs
United States War Department
Physical description:
4, 98 p. ; 23 cm
Type:
Treaties
Date:
1833
Topic:
Legal status, laws, etc
Government relations
Call number:
KF8203 1833
Notes:
Includes index
Data Source:
Smithsonian Institution Libraries
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Indian treaties, ratified at the called session of 1837, and the sessions of 1837-38, & 1839

Author:
United States
Former owner:
Crittenden, T. R. DSI
Physical description:
141 p. ; 24 cm
Type:
Treaties
Place:
United States
Date:
1839
Topic:
Government relations
Legal status, laws, etc
Indians, Treatment of
Call number:
KF8203 1839
Notes:
Caption title
Data Source:
Smithsonian Institution Libraries
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Laws of the colonial and state governments, relating to Indians and Indian affairs, from 1633 to 1831, inclusive : with an appendix containing the proceedings of the Congress of the Confederation : and the laws of Congress, from 1800 to 1830, on the same subject

Author:
United States Continental Congress
Physical description:
xv, [2] 10-250, [2], 72 p. ; 23 cm
Type:
Books
Date:
1832
Topic:
Government relations
Legal status, laws, etc
Call number:
KF8203 1832
Notes:
"Way and Gideon, printers"--Verso of t.p
An earlier compilation (52 p.) was published in 1830 by the Committee on Indian Affairs of the United States House of Representatives, as House Report 319, 21st Congress, 1st session, with title: Indians. Laws of the colonial and state governments relating to the Indian inhabitants
Data Source:
Smithsonian Institution Libraries
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The case of the Cherokee Nation against the state of Georgia : argued and determined at the Supreme Court of the United States, January term 1831 : with an appendix, containing the opinion of Chancellor Kent on the case : the treaties between the United States and the Cherokee Indians : the act of Congress of 1802, entitled 'An act to regulate intercourse with the Indian tribes, &c.' : and the laws of Georgia relative to the country occupied by the Cherokee Indians, within the boundary of that state / by Richard Peters

Cherokee Nation against the state of GeorgiaSupreme Court. January term, 1831Cherokee Nation vs. the state of Georgia
Author:
Cherokee Nation, Oklahoma
Peters, Richard 1780-1848
Kent, James 1763-1847
Georgia
United States Supreme Court
Physical description:
286 p. ; 24 cm
Type:
Treaties
Place:
Georgia
Cherokee Nation, Oklahoma
Date:
1831
Topic:
Land tenure
Government relations
Legal status, laws, etc
Relocation
Call number:
E99.C5 P4X 1831
Notes:
"Philadelphia: printed by James Kay, Jun. & Co."--Verso of t.p
Howes, W. U.S.iana (2nd ed.), P260
Sabin 61206
Checklist Amer. imprints 8706
Rader, J.L. South of forty, 2651
Data Source:
Smithsonian Institution Libraries
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Indian nullification of the unconstitutional laws of Massachusetts relative to the Marshpee tribe, or, The pretended riot explained / by William Apes

Indian nullification of the unconstitutional laws of Massachusetts relative to the Marshpee tribePretended riot explained
Author:
Apess, William 1798-1839
Snelling, William Joseph 1804-1848
Physical description:
168 p., [1] leaf of plates : ill. (wood engraving) ; 19 cm
Type:
Books
Date:
1835
Topic:
Legal status, laws, etc
Land tenure
Call number:
E99.M4 A6 1835
Notes:
Errata: at foot of p. 168
Sometimes attributed to William Joseph Snelling--Cf. Sabin
Checklist Amer. imprints 30095
Data Source:
Smithsonian Institution Libraries
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Chikasha okla i̲ kunstitushun micha i̲ nan ulhpisa micha United States a nan itmapehinsa tok mak oke : Chiksasha okla i nan apesa yvt apesa tok mak oke

Author:
Chickasaw Nation
Former owner:
Wolf, Jonas DSI
Physical description:
394, vii p. ; 24 cm
Type:
Treaties
Constitution
Place:
Oklahoma
Chickasaw Nation
Date:
1890
Topic:
Chickasaw law
Legal status, laws, etc
Call number:
KF8228 .C53 1890
Notes:
Includes index
Data Source:
Smithsonian Institution Libraries
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Constitution, laws and treaties of the Chickasaws / by Authority

Author:
Chickasaw Nation
Chickasaw Nation, Oklahoma Constitution (1867)
Physical description:
231 p. ; 24 cm
Type:
Treaties
Constitution
Place:
Chickasaw Nation
Date:
1878
Topic:
Government relations
Legal status, laws, etc
Call number:
KF8228.C53 C53 1878
Notes:
Includes index
Hargrett, L. Constitutions and laws of the American Indians, 97
Data Source:
Smithsonian Institution Libraries
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Justice by insurance : the General Indian Court of Colonial Mexico and the legal aides of the half-real / Woodrow Borah

Author:
Borah, Woodrow Wilson 1912-
Subject:
New Spain Juzgado General de Indios History
Physical description:
xviii, 479 p. ; 24 cm
Type:
Books
Place:
Mexico
Date:
1983
C1983
Topic:
Indian courts--History
Legal status, laws, etc--History
Notes:
Includes index
Data Source:
Smithsonian Institution Libraries
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The Indian act / Canada, Department of Mines and Resources, Indian Affairs Branch

Author:
Canada
Canada Indian Affairs Branch
Physical description:
70 p. ; 25 cm
Type:
Books
Place:
Canada
Date:
1947
[1947?] (
1947)
Topic:
Government relations
Legal status, laws, etc
Ethnic relations
Call number:
KE7704.5 .A2 1947
Notes:
Consolidated for office purposes only
Data Source:
Smithsonian Institution Libraries
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Encyclopedia of United States Indian policy and law / edited by Paul Finkelman, Tim Alan Garrison

Author:
Finkelman, Paul 1949-
Garrison, Tim Alan 1961-
Physical description:
2 v. (932, 38 p.) : ill., maps ; 29 cm
Type:
Encyclopedias
Date:
2009
C2009
Topic:
Indians of North America--Legal status, laws, etc--History
Indians of North America--Government relations--History
Politics and government
Data Source:
Smithsonian Institution Libraries
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Documents of United States Indian policy / edited by Francis Paul Prucha

Author:
Prucha, Francis Paul
Physical description:
ix, 278 p. : 24 cm
Type:
Sources
Date:
1975
[1975]
Topic:
Legal status, laws, etc
Government relations
Notes:
Includes index
Data Source:
Smithsonian Institution Libraries
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Documents of United States Indian policy / edited by Francis Paul Prucha

Author:
Prucha, Francis Paul
Physical description:
xiii, 338 p. ; 23 cm
Type:
Books
Date:
1990
C1990
Topic:
Legal status, laws, etc
Government relations
Data Source:
Smithsonian Institution Libraries
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Documents of United States Indian policy / edited by Francis Paul Prucha

Author:
Prucha, Francis Paul
Physical description:
xii, 396 p. ; 24 cm
Type:
Books
Date:
2000
C2000
Topic:
Legal status, laws, etc
Government relations
Data Source:
Smithsonian Institution Libraries
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Towards aboriginal self-government : relations between status Indian peoples and the government of Canada, 1969-1984 / Anne-Marie Mawhiney

Author:
Mawhiney, Anne-Marie
Physical description:
ix, 143 p. ; 23 cm
Type:
Books
Place:
Canada
Date:
1994
Topic:
Government relations
Legal status, laws, etc
Data Source:
Smithsonian Institution Libraries
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The California Indians vs the United States of America (HR4497) : evidence offered in support of occupancy, possession and use of land in California by the ancestors of enrolled Indians of California

Author:
Heizer, Robert F (Robert Fleming) 1915-1979
Physical description:
v, 130 p. ; 27 cm
Type:
Books
Place:
California
Date:
1978
[c1978]
Topic:
Land tenure
Legal status, laws, etc
Government relations
Call number:
KF5660 .H47
Data Source:
Smithsonian Institution Libraries
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