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National Congress of American Indians records, 1933-1990 (bulk 1944-1989)

view National Congress of American Indians records, 1933-1990 (bulk 1944-1989) digital asset number 1
Creator:
National Congress of American Indians
Subject:
Bronson, Ruth Muskrat
Curry, James E. 1907-1972
Deloria, Vine
Harjo, Suzan Shown
McNickle, D'Arcy 1904-1977
Peterson, Helen L
Snake, Reuben 1937-1993
Tonasket, Mel
Trimble, Charles E
Arrow, Inc
National Congress of American Indians
National Tribal Chairmen's Association
United Effort Trust
United States American Indian Policy Review Commission
United States Bureau of Indian Affairs
United States Indian Claims Commission
Physical description:
251 linear feet
Type:
Administrative records
Collection descriptions
Audiotapes
Clippings
Correspondence
Financial records
Photographs
Videotapes
Place:
United States
Date:
1933
1933-1990
bulk 1944-1989
20th century
1934-
Notes:
The National Congress of American Indians (NCAI) is a major American Indian advocacy organization, designed to serve as a link between tribal governments and the United States government. NCAI was founded in 1944, in Denver, CO, as a membership organization for "persons of Indian blood." In 1955, group membership was limited to recognized tribes, committees, or bands. The organization is overseen by an Executive Council, which selects a five-member Executive Committee and an Executive Director. The Executive Director is then responsible for managing the organization's staff and overseeing its initiatives and everyday operations. Since 1944, NCAI has held annual conventions in the fall to elect officers and pass resolutions, which become the basis for the organization's policy positions. Beginning in 1977, a mid-year conference in May or June was added to provide further opportunities for in-depth exploration of issues.
Since its inauguration, NCAI has worked on a wide variety of issues facing Indians in the US. Some of those issues include voting rights, land claims, education, economic development, natural resource protection and management, nuclear waste, repatriation, and government-to-government relations with the federal government. In 1954, NCAI organized an emergency conference to protest the US government's newly-announced termination policy. NCAI has also frequently worked closely with other Indian organizations, such as the Native American Rights Fund and National Tribal Chairmen's Association, and with various government bodies, such as the Bureau of Indian Affairs and Indian Health Service.
Summary:
The NCAI records document the organization's work, particularly that of its office in Washington, DC, and the wide variety of issues faced by American Indians in the twentieth century. The bulk of the material relates to legislation, lobbying, and NCAI's interactions with various governmental bodies. A large segment also concerns the annual conventions and executive council and executive committee meetings. Finally, the records also document the operations of the NCAI, including personnel, financial, and fundraising material. The collection also includes the records of two of NCAI's Executive Directors, Charles E. "Chuck" Trimble (1972-1977) and Suzan Shown Harjo (1984-1989). Included are correspondence, publications, reports, administrative records, photographs, and audio and video recordings.
Cite as:
National Congress of American Indians Records, National Museum of the American Indian Archive Center, Smithsonian Institution
Topic:
Alaska Natives--Land tenure
Indians of North America--Civil rights
Indians of North America--Economic conditions
Indians of North America--Government relations
Indians of North America--Legal status, laws, etc
Indians of North America--Politics and government
Indians of North America--Social conditions
Indian termination policy
Radioactive wastes--Management
Trail of Broken Treaties, 1972
Local number:
NMAI.AC.010
Restrictions:
Access to NMAI Archive Center collections is by appointment only, Monday - Friday, 9:30 am - 4:30 pm. Please contact the archives to make an appointment (phone: 301-238-1400, email: nmaiarchives@si.edu)
See more items in:
National Congress of American Indians records 1933-1990 (bulk 1944-1989)
Data Source:
Smithsonian Institution National Museum of the American Indian Archives

Group portrait of National Congress of American Indians meeting, 1944

view Group portrait of National Congress of American Indians meeting, 1944 digital asset number 1
Subject:
National Congress of American Indians
Physical description:
1 print : silver gelatin
Culture:
Indians of North America
Type:
Photographs
Collection descriptions
Place:
Denver (Colo.)
Date:
1944
Notes:
Founded in 1944, the National Congress of American Indians is a major American Indian organization which aims to "protect, preserve, and develop Indian land, mineral, timber, and human resources, serve legislative interest of Indian tribes, and increase health, education and economic conditions" (as outlined in the NCAI constitution). Its membership includes American Indian and Alaska Native tribal governments, tribal citizens, individuals, and Native and non-Native organizations.
Summary:
Photograph depicting attendees at November 1944 meeting of National Congress of American Indians in Denver, Colorado.
Cite as:
Photo lot 75-33, Group portrait of National Congress of American Indians meeting, National Anthropological Archives, Smithsonian Institution
Local number:
NAA Photo Lot 75-33
Data Source:
National Anthropological Archives
Additional Online Media:

National Congress of American Indians audio and film recordings 1952-1997

view National Congress of American Indians audio and film recordings 1952-1997 digital asset number 1
Creator:
National Congress of American Indians
Subject:
Harjo, Suzan Shown
Trimble, Charles E
Deloria, Vine
Tonasket, Mel
Delacruz, Joseph B
Physical description:
713 sound cassettes
442 sound tape reels 1/4 inch open reel
30 videocassettes (u-matic)
24 videoreels (1/2 inch)
10 videocassettes (vhs)
3 sound cartridges
1 videocassette (hi8)
1 dictaphone belt
Type:
Audio cassettes
Collection descriptions
Audiotapes
Audiovisual materials
Date:
1952
1952-1997
20th century
Notes:
The National Congress of America Indians, which describes itself as the oldest and largest American Indian and Alaskan Native organization in the United States, was founded on November 16, 1944, in Denver, CO. NCAI was intended to serve as a link between individual tribal councils and the United States government, by defining and helping to crystallize Indian thought on the administration of Indian affairs. The Congress also aimed to educate the general public about Indians, preserve Indian cultural values, protect treaty rights with the United States, and promote Indian welfare. Conventions have been held annually in the fall since the formation of the NCAI in 1944. Since 1977, mid-year conferences have been held in May or June of each year, to allow more frequent and thorough discussion of issues. The resolutions passed at these conventions are the basis for all policy of the Executive Committee and Executive Director between meetings. The conventions are also used for informational sessions and meetings of standing and special committees of NCAI. One or two-day workshops may also be held on special topics or Congressional issues of particular concern. The National Congress of American Indians is still active today, continuing its work of lobbying, support for tribal governments, and advocacy for American Indian issues.
Summary:
This collection of National Congress of America Indians Audio and Film Recordings contains materials created by and for NCAI to maintain a record of organizational proceedings and events between 1952 and 1997. Recorded in various formats, the bulk of this collection is on 1/4" open reel to reel tapes and sound cassettes. The collection also contains smaller numbers of EIAJ open reel videotapes, U-Matic, VHS and Hi-8 videocassettes and well as dictaphone belts and audio cartridges. The first series in this collection contains audio recordings from NCAI annual and mid-year convetions held in different locations all over the United States. The second series includes events hosted by NCAI or attended by NCAI representatives. These include executive council meetings, congressional hearings, intertribal institutes and a variety of workshops and meetings regarding economic, civil and educational issues facing indian country. Several larger events include the Arizona Intertribal Institute (1955), The National Indian Policy Conference (1974), LEAA Conference (1978), Environmental Protection Hearings and Seminars (1988) and the Senate Indian Affairs Special Investigations Subcommittee meetings (1989). A conference held in 1993 also documents the early history of NCAI with speakers such as Helen Peterson, John Rainer and Erma Hicks Walz.
Cite as:
National Museum of the American Indian Archive Center, Smithsonian Institution
Topic:
Congresses and conventions
Indians of North America--Civil rights
Indians of North America--Economic conditions
Indians of North America--Government relations
Indians of North America--Social conditions
Open reel
Local number:
NMAI.AC.010.001
Restrictions:
Access is by appointment only, Monday - Friday, 9:30 am - 4:30 pm. Please contact the archives to make an appointment
See more items in:
National Congress of American Indians records 1933-1990 (bulk 1944-1989)
Data Source:
Smithsonian Institution National Museum of the American Indian Archives

The Indians of Canada / by Diamond Jenness

Author:
Jenness, Diamond 1886-1969
Physical description:
x, 446 pages, 7 unnumbered leaves of color plates : illustrations, maps ; 26 cm + 1 map (76 x 52 cm, folded to 17 x 13 cm)
Type:
Books
Place:
Canada
Date:
1932
Notes:
Canada. Department of mines. National museum of Canada -- t.p. recto.
Folded map in pocket.
Contents:
Languages -- Economic conditions -- Food resources -- Hunting and fishing -- Dress and adornment -- Dwellings -- Travel and transportation, trade and commerce -- Social and political organization - primitive migratory tribes -- Social and political organization - Iroquoians and Pacific Coast tribes -- Social life -- Religion -- Folk-lore and traditions -- Oratory and drama, music and art -- Archæological remains -- Who are the Indians? -- Interaction of Indians and whites -- Migratory tribes of the eastern woodlands -- Agricultural tribes of the eastern woodlands -- Plains' tribes -- Tribes of the Pacific Coast -- Tribes of the Cordillera --Tribes of the Mackenzie and Yukon River basins -- The Eskimo
Call number:
E78.C2 J54
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries

The indians of Canada / by Diamond Jenness

Author:
Jenness, Diamond 1886-1969
Physical description:
xii, 452 pages, 7 unnumbered leaves of color plates : illustrations, maps ; 26 cm + 1 map (66 x 50 cm, folded to 23 x 13 cm)
Type:
Books
Place:
Canada
Date:
1955
[1955]
Notes:
Folded map in pocket.
"Identical in both material and illustrations with those of the preceding edition with the exception that Appendix C has been added." -- Foreword.
Contents:
Languages -- Economic conditions -- Food resources -- Hunting and fishing -- Dress and adornment -- Dwellings -- Travel and transportation, trade and commerce -- Social and political organization - primitive migratory tribes -- Social and political organization - Iroquoians and Pacific Coast tribes -- Social life -- Religion -- Folk-lore and traditions -- Oratory and drama, music and art -- Archæological remains -- Who are the Indians? -- Interaction of Indians and whites -- Migratory tribes of the eastern woodlands -- Agricultural tribes of the eastern woodlands -- Plains' tribes -- Tribes of the Pacific Coast -- Tribes of the Cordillera --Tribes of the Mackenzie and Yukon River basins -- The Eskimo
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries

A survey of the contemporary Indians of Canada; a report on economic, political, educational needs and policies. Editor, H. B. Hawthorn

Author:
Hawthorn, Harry Bertram 1910-
Canada Indian Affairs Branch
Physical description:
2 v. 36 cm
Type:
Books
Place:
Canada
Date:
1966
1966-67
Topic:
Social conditions
Government relations
Call number:
E78.C2 H39
E78.C2 H39
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries

Survey of conditions of the Indians in the United States : hearings before a subcommittee of the Committee on Indian Affairs, United States Senate

Conditions of the Indians in the United States
Author:
United States Congress Senate Committee on Indian Affairs
Physical description:
leaves [192]-261 ; 33 cm
Type:
Books
Place:
United States
Date:
1930
1930]
Notes:
"Griffith L. Johnson, shorthand reporter."
Cover title.
Typescript.
Dec. 16, 1930?
Topic:
Economic conditions
Government relations
Indians, Treatment of
Call number:
E98.E2 U54 1930
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries

The cost of conquest : Indian decline in Honduras under Spanish rule / Linda Newson

Author:
Newson, Linda A
Physical description:
xvi, 375 p. : ill. ; 23 cm
Type:
Books
Place:
Honduras
Date:
1986
To 1838
Notes:
Includes index.
Topic:
Population
Indians, Treatment of--History
Economic conditions
History
Call number:
F1505.3.P57N49 1986X
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries

Strange reciprocity : mainstreaming women's work in Tepoztlán in the "decade of the new economy" / Sidney S. Perutz

Author:
Perutz, Sidney S. 1933-
Physical description:
xvii, 263 p. ; 24 cm
Type:
Books
Place:
Mexico
Tepoztlán
Tepoztlán (Mexico)
Date:
2008
C2008
Contents:
Mainstreaming women's work processes : a strange reciprocity -- Articulating Tepozteca into commodity culture(s) -- Local/global constellations -- Women's work in and out of economic space and time -- Counting and measuring gender, 1990-2000 -- New economy housework -- Three primary feminized occupations -- Making the market system work, 1990-2000 -- Embedded in the market -- Fixed mercado trading -- A postindustrial market system -- Feminization and community survival strategies -- Gender mainstreaming insights
Topic:
Indian women--Economic conditions
Women--Employment
Indians of Mexico--Commerce
Economic conditions
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries

"Enough to keep them alive" : Indian welfare in Canada, 1873-1965 / Hugh Shewell

Author:
Shewell, Hugh 1947-
Physical description:
xii, 441 p. ; 24 cm
Type:
Books
Place:
Canada
Date:
2004
C2004
Topic:
Public welfare
Economic conditions
Indian reservations
Social policy
Economic policy
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries

Indian reservations in the United States : territory, sovereignty, and socioeconomic change / Klaus Frantz

Author:
Frantz, Klaus
Physical description:
xxvi, 370 p. : ill., maps ; 23 cm
Type:
Books
Place:
United States
Date:
1999
C1999
Topic:
Indian reservations
Social conditions
Economic conditions
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries

Report and recommendations to the President of the United States

Author:
United States Presidential Commission on Indian Reservation Economies
Physical description:
ii, 61, 132 p. : ill. ; 28 cm
Type:
Books
Date:
1984
[1984]
Notes:
Cover title.
"November 1984."
Topic:
Economic conditions
Indian reservations
Call number:
E98.E2 U57 1984
E98.E2U57 1984
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries

Social and economic survey of New York Indian reservations / conducted by Works Progress Administration ; sponsored by United States Indian Service, New York Agency ; co-sponsor State of New York Department of Social Welfare, Area Office No. 1

Author:
United States Works Progress Administration
United States Office of Indian Affairs
New York Department of Social Welfare
Physical description:
14 leaves ; 29 cm
Type:
Books
Place:
New York
Date:
1939
1939]
Notes:
"December 1939."
"Work project no. 54297."
Topic:
Indian reservations--Social conditions--Statistics
Indian reservations--Economic conditions--Statistics
Indians, Treatment of
Reservations
Call number:
E78.N7 U58 1939
E78.N7U58 1939
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries

Building the future : stories of successful Indian enterprises / prepared under an award from the Economic Development Administration, U.S. Dept. of Commerce

Stories of successful Indian enterprises
Author:
National Congress of American Indians
Physical description:
79, 8, 15 p. : ill ; 28 cm
Type:
Books
Place:
United States
Date:
2001
Notes:
Cover title.
Topic:
Indian business enterprises
Economic conditions
Entrepreneurship
Call number:
E98.B87 B85 2001
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries

Tiller's guide to Indian country : economic profiles of American Indian reservations / edited and compiled by Veronica E. Velarde Tiller

Guide to Indian countryEconomic profiles of American Indian reservations
Author:
Tiller, Veronica E. Velarde
Malcolm Wiener Center for Social Policy Harvard Project on American Indian Economic Development
Subject:
Honoring Contributions in the Governance of American Indian Nations (Program)
Physical description:
xviii, 1120 p. : ill., maps ; 29 cm
Type:
Directories
Place:
United States
Date:
2005
Notes:
"Featuring Honoring Nations from Harvard University's Project on American Indian Economic Development."
Topic:
Indian reservations--Economic aspects
Economic conditions
Indian business enterprises
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries

Development of Indian resources, by Henry W. Hough

Author:
Hough, Henry W
Physical description:
xvii, 286 p. illus., fold. map, ports. 23 cm
Type:
Books
Date:
1967
1967]
Topic:
Economic conditions
Indian reservations
Call number:
E98.E2 H83
E98.E2H83
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries

Tiller's guide to Indian country : economic profiles of American Indian reservations / edited and compiled by Veronica E. Velarde Tiller

Economic profiles of American Indian reservations
Author:
Tiller, Veronica E. Velarde
Physical description:
xiv, 698 p. : ill., maps ; 29 cm
Type:
Directories
Place:
United States
Date:
1996
C1996
Topic:
Indian reservations--Economic aspects
Economic conditions
Indian business enterprises
Call number:
E93 .T55 1996
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries

Reservation "capitalism" : economic development in Indian country / Robert J. Miller

Author:
Miller, Robert J
Physical description:
xii, 208 pages ; 24 cm
Type:
Books
Place:
United States
Date:
2012
©2012
Contents:
Historic American Indian economies and property rights -- Euro-American impacts on American Indian economies -- Current economic activity in Indian country -- Tribal gaming -- Attracting investments -- Indian entrepreneurship -- Creating reservation economies
Summary:
"This unique book investigates the history and future of American Indian economic activities and explains why tribal governments and reservation communities must focus on creating sustainable privately and tribally owned businesses if reservation communities and tribal cultures are to continue to exist.
American Indians are the poorest people in the United States, and their reservations are the most poverty-stricken; as a result, they suffer from numerous social pathologies that accompany these economic conditions. Tragically, most tribal communities were historically prosperous, comprising healthy, vibrant societies sustained over hundreds or thousands of years.
Native American peoples suffer from health, educational, infrastructure, and social deficiencies that most Americans who live outside of tribal lands are wholly unaware of and would not tolerate. By creating sustainable economic development on reservations, however, gradual, long-term change can be effected, thereby improving the standard of living and sustaining tribal cultures.
Reservation "Capitalism": Economic Development in Indian Country supplies the true history, present-day circumstances, and potential future of Indian communities and economics. It provides key background information on indigenous economic systems and property rights regimes in what is now the United States, and explains how the vast majority of native lands and natural resource assets were lost. The book focuses on strategies for establishing privately and publicly owned economic activities on reservations and creating economies where reservation inhabitants can be employed, live, and buy the necessities of life, thereby enabling complete tribal self-sufficiency and self-determination."--Pub. desc.
Topic:
Economic conditions
Economic development
Gambling on Indian reservations
Indian business enterprises
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries

The politics of Indianness : case studies of native ethnopolitics in Canada / edited by Adrian Tanner

Author:
Tanner, Adrian
Physical description:
x, 321 p. : ill. ; 23 cm
Type:
Case studies
Place:
Canada
Date:
1983
C1983
Contents:
Canadian Indians and the politics of dependency / Adrian Tanner -- Negotiating identity / Tord Larsen -- The Bluefish River incident / Harald Beyer Broch -- Representation and leadership of a provincial Indian association / Noel Dyck
Summary:
Examines political attempts by regional and local groups of Indians to improve their social and economic conditions. Includes case studies of the Dene of the NWT, the Micmac of Nova Scotia and the Indians of the western provinces.
Topic:
Indians of North America--Government relations
Indians of North America--Politics and government
Indians of North America--Ethnic identity
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries

The Indian industrial development program : a new industrial opportunity / United States Department of the Interior, Bureau of Indian Affairs

Author:
United States Bureau of Indian Affairs
Physical description:
[12] p. : ill., map ; 26 cm
Type:
Books
Date:
1964
[1964]
Topic:
Industries
Employment
Economic conditions
Call number:
E98.I5 U55 1964
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries

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