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National Congress of American Indians records, 1933-1990 (bulk 1944-1989)

view National Congress of American Indians records, 1933-1990 (bulk 1944-1989) digital asset number 1
Creator:
National Congress of American Indians
Subject:
Bronson, Ruth Muskrat
Curry, James E. 1907-1972
Deloria, Vine
Harjo, Suzan Shown
McNickle, D'Arcy 1904-1977
Peterson, Helen L
Snake, Reuben 1937-1993
Tonasket, Mel
Trimble, Charles E
Arrow, Inc
National Congress of American Indians
National Tribal Chairmen's Association
United Effort Trust
United States American Indian Policy Review Commission
United States Bureau of Indian Affairs
United States Indian Claims Commission
Physical description:
251 linear feet
Type:
Administrative records
Collection descriptions
Audiotapes
Clippings
Correspondence
Financial records
Photographs
Videotapes
Place:
United States
Date:
1933
1933-1990
bulk 1944-1989
20th century
1934-
Notes:
The National Congress of American Indians (NCAI) is a major American Indian advocacy organization, designed to serve as a link between tribal governments and the United States government. NCAI was founded in 1944, in Denver, CO, as a membership organization for "persons of Indian blood." In 1955, group membership was limited to recognized tribes, committees, or bands. The organization is overseen by an Executive Council, which selects a five-member Executive Committee and an Executive Director. The Executive Director is then responsible for managing the organization's staff and overseeing its initiatives and everyday operations. Since 1944, NCAI has held annual conventions in the fall to elect officers and pass resolutions, which become the basis for the organization's policy positions. Beginning in 1977, a mid-year conference in May or June was added to provide further opportunities for in-depth exploration of issues.
Since its inauguration, NCAI has worked on a wide variety of issues facing Indians in the US. Some of those issues include voting rights, land claims, education, economic development, natural resource protection and management, nuclear waste, repatriation, and government-to-government relations with the federal government. In 1954, NCAI organized an emergency conference to protest the US government's newly-announced termination policy. NCAI has also frequently worked closely with other Indian organizations, such as the Native American Rights Fund and National Tribal Chairmen's Association, and with various government bodies, such as the Bureau of Indian Affairs and Indian Health Service.
Summary:
The NCAI records document the organization's work, particularly that of its office in Washington, DC, and the wide variety of issues faced by American Indians in the twentieth century. The bulk of the material relates to legislation, lobbying, and NCAI's interactions with various governmental bodies. A large segment also concerns the annual conventions and executive council and executive committee meetings. Finally, the records also document the operations of the NCAI, including personnel, financial, and fundraising material. The collection also includes the records of two of NCAI's Executive Directors, Charles E. "Chuck" Trimble (1972-1977) and Suzan Shown Harjo (1984-1989). Included are correspondence, publications, reports, administrative records, photographs, and audio and video recordings.
Cite as:
National Congress of American Indians Records, National Museum of the American Indian Archive Center, Smithsonian Institution
Topic:
Alaska Natives--Land tenure
Indians of North America--Civil rights
Indians of North America--Economic conditions
Indians of North America--Government relations
Indians of North America--Legal status, laws, etc
Indians of North America--Politics and government
Indians of North America--Social conditions
Indian termination policy
Radioactive wastes--Management
Trail of Broken Treaties, 1972
Local number:
NMAI.AC.010
See more items in:
National Congress of American Indians records 1933-1990 (bulk 1944-1989)
Data Source:
Smithsonian Institution National Museum of the American Indian Archives

National Congress of American Indians audio and film recordings 1952-1997

view National Congress of American Indians audio and film recordings 1952-1997 digital asset number 1
Creator:
National Congress of American Indians
Subject:
Harjo, Suzan Shown
Trimble, Charles E
Deloria, Vine
Tonasket, Mel
Delacruz, Joseph B
Physical description:
713 sound cassettes
442 sound tape reels 1/4 inch open reel
30 videocassettes (u-matic)
24 videoreels (1/2 inch)
10 videocassettes (vhs)
3 sound cartridges
1 videocassette (hi8)
1 dictaphone belt
Type:
Audio cassettes
Collection descriptions
Audiotapes
Audiovisual materials
Date:
1952
1952-1997
20th century
Notes:
The National Congress of America Indians, which describes itself as the oldest and largest American Indian and Alaskan Native organization in the United States, was founded on November 16, 1944, in Denver, CO. NCAI was intended to serve as a link between individual tribal councils and the United States government, by defining and helping to crystallize Indian thought on the administration of Indian affairs. The Congress also aimed to educate the general public about Indians, preserve Indian cultural values, protect treaty rights with the United States, and promote Indian welfare. Conventions have been held annually in the fall since the formation of the NCAI in 1944. Since 1977, mid-year conferences have been held in May or June of each year, to allow more frequent and thorough discussion of issues. The resolutions passed at these conventions are the basis for all policy of the Executive Committee and Executive Director between meetings. The conventions are also used for informational sessions and meetings of standing and special committees of NCAI. One or two-day workshops may also be held on special topics or Congressional issues of particular concern. The National Congress of American Indians is still active today, continuing its work of lobbying, support for tribal governments, and advocacy for American Indian issues.
Summary:
This collection of National Congress of America Indians Audio and Film Recordings contains materials created by and for NCAI to maintain a record of organizational proceedings and events between 1952 and 1997. Recorded in various formats, the bulk of this collection is on 1/4" open reel to reel tapes and sound cassettes. The collection also contains smaller numbers of EIAJ open reel videotapes, U-Matic, VHS and Hi-8 videocassettes and well as dictaphone belts and audio cartridges. The first series in this collection contains audio recordings from NCAI annual and mid-year convetions held in different locations all over the United States. The second series includes events hosted by NCAI or attended by NCAI representatives. These include executive council meetings, congressional hearings, intertribal institutes and a variety of workshops and meetings regarding economic, civil and educational issues facing indian country. Several larger events include the Arizona Intertribal Institute (1955), The National Indian Policy Conference (1974), LEAA Conference (1978), Environmental Protection Hearings and Seminars (1988) and the Senate Indian Affairs Special Investigations Subcommittee meetings (1989). A conference held in 1993 also documents the early history of NCAI with speakers such as Helen Peterson, John Rainer and Erma Hicks Walz.
Cite as:
National Museum of the American Indian Archive Center, Smithsonian Institution
Topic:
Congresses and conventions
Indians of North America--Civil rights
Indians of North America--Economic conditions
Indians of North America--Government relations
Indians of North America--Social conditions
Open reel
Local number:
NMAI.AC.010.001
See more items in:
National Congress of American Indians records 1933-1990 (bulk 1944-1989)
Data Source:
Smithsonian Institution National Museum of the American Indian Archives

Jim Wallace photographs of Trail of Self Determination demonstration, 1976

view Jim Wallace photographs of Trail of Self Determination demonstration, 1976 digital asset number 1
Creator:
Wallace, Jim (James H.)
Physical description:
271 contact prints (proof sheets)
6 prints : silver gelatin
Culture:
Indians of North America
Type:
Photographs
Collection descriptions
Place:
White House (Washington, D.C.)
Date:
1976
Notes:
Jim Wallace was a photographer and director of the Smithsonian Institutionʹs Office of Printing and Photographic Services. He photographed several civil rights demonstrations throughout his career, beginning in the early 1960s when he was a student at the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill.
Summary:
Photographs documenting a Trail of Self Determination demonstration in front of the White House on July 2-5, 1976. They include images of demonstrators, White House security, people on a tour, press badges, demonstration paraphenalia, and waste cleanup. The collection includes proof sheets and six prints from the proofs.
Cite as:
Photo lot 80-5, Jim Wallace photographs of Trail of Self Determination demonstration, National Anthropological Archives, Smithsonian Institution
Topic:
Demonstrations
Local number:
NAA Photo Lot 80-5
Data Source:
National Anthropological Archives

$1.00 from The Dayton Bank

view $1.00 from The Dayton Bank digital asset number 1
Referenced:
Dayton Bank
Maker:
Danforth, Wright & Co.
Physical Description:
paper (overall material)
Object Name:
paper money
Place made:
United States: Minnesota, St. Paul
Date made:
1853
Description:
Mr. Dayton is known to history solely by the currency he had printed for his bank, and it is not known whether the bank ever opened its doors. But it was his bank, and he had the right, so his grim visage, complete with imposing widow's peak, graces each of the three known denominations: one-, two-, and five-dollar bills.
The Dayton Bank was one of thousands of private issuers, supplying the capital that created the economic miracle of 19th-century America. No government dared issue paper money in those days: Americans had been so badly burned by inflation during one crisis (the Revolutionary War), that they would not countenance another public issue until another crisis (the Civil War).
The imagery on this note is very typical of that found in this period, especially on issues from western banks. Racial and ethnic stereotypes were prevalent and emphasized the dominance of white culture.
Subject:
Coins, Currency and Medals
Indians
Banks
ID Number:
NU*233479.0001
Catalog number:
NU 62181
Accession number:
233479
See more items in:
Armed Forces History: National Numismatic Collection
Data Source:
National Museum of American History, Kenneth E. Behring Center
Additional Online Media:

The Result of the Fifteenth Amendment and the Rise and Progress of the African Race in America and its Final Accomplishment and Celebration on May 19th A.D. 1870

Abraham Lincoln; John Brown; Ulysses Grant; Frederick Douglass; Thaddeus Stevens; Charles Sumner
view The Result of the Fifteenth Amendment and the Rise and Progress of the African Race in America and its Final Accomplishment and Celebration on May 19th A.D. 1870 digital asset number 1
Artist:
Metcalf & Clark, active c. 1870
Sitter:
Abraham Lincoln, 12 Feb 1809 - 15 Apr 1865
John Brown, 9 May 1800 - 2 Dec 1859
Ulysses Simpson Grant, 27 Apr 1822 - 23 Jul 1885
Frederick Douglass, Feb 1818 - 20 Feb 1895
Thaddeus Stevens, 4 Apr 1792 - 11 Aug 1868
Charles Sumner, 6 Jan 1811 - 11 Mar 1874
David Davis, 9 Mar 1815 - 26 Jun 1886
Hugh Lennox Bond, 16 Dec 1828 - 24 Oct 1893
Schuyler Colfax, 23 Mar 1823 - 13 Jan 1885
Martin Robison Delany, 6 May 1812 - 25 Jan 1885
Hiram Rhoades Revels, Sep 1822 - 16 Jan 1901
Medium:
Hand-colored lithograph
Dimensions:
Sheet: 54.3 x 70.2cm (21 3/8 x 27 5/8")
Mat: 91.4 x 66 x 1.9cm (36 x 26 x 3/4")
Culture:
Martin Robison Delany: American\African American
Hiram Rhoades Revels: Native American
Hiram Rhoades Revels: American\African American
Frederick Douglass: American\African American
Type:
Print
Place:
United States\Maryland\Baltimore Independent City\Baltimore
Date:
1870
Exhibition Label:
The fruits of the Civil War were the Thirteenth, Fourteenth, and Fifteenth Amendments to the Constitution. Respectively they abolished slavery, guaranteed citizenship to all persons born in the United States, and granted the right to vote (to male citizens), regardless of "race, color, or previous condition of servitude." The Fifteenth Amendment was especially significant because for the first time in the nation's history, a minority class was empowered. "A man with a ballot in his hand is the master of the situation," wrote former abolitionist Wendell Phillips.
This hand-colored lithograph commemorates the passage of the Fifteenth Amendment and the national celebration held in Baltimore.
Topic:
Nature & Environment\Plant\Tree
Nature & Environment\Animal\Horse
Architecture\Building
Symbols & Motifs\Flag\National\United States
Exterior\Cityscape
Human Figures\Soldier
Human Figures\Crowd
Human Figures\Parade
David Davis: Male
David Davis: Law and Law Enforcement\Judge\Justice\US Supreme Court Justice
David Davis: Politics and Government\US Senator\Illinois
David Davis: Politics and Government\State Legislator\Illinois
Thaddeus Stevens: Male
Thaddeus Stevens: Law and Law Enforcement\Lawyer
Thaddeus Stevens: Politics and Government\US Congressman\Pennsylvania
Thaddeus Stevens: Politics and Government\State Legislator\Pennsylvania
Charles Sumner: Male
Charles Sumner: Law and Law Enforcement\Lawyer
Charles Sumner: Politics and Government\Statesman
Charles Sumner: Education\Educator\Lecturer
Charles Sumner: Politics and Government\US Senator\Massachusetts
Martin Robison Delany: Male
Martin Robison Delany: Literature\Writer
Martin Robison Delany: Military\Army\Officer
Martin Robison Delany: Health and Medicine\Physician
Martin Robison Delany: Communications\Publisher\Newspaper
Hiram Rhoades Revels: Male
Hiram Rhoades Revels: Politics and Government\US Senator\Mississippi
Hiram Rhoades Revels: Religion and Spirituality\Clergy\Pastor
Hiram Rhoades Revels: Politics and Government\State Senator\Mississippi
Frederick Douglass: Male
Frederick Douglass: Literature\Writer
Frederick Douglass: Education\Educator\Lecturer
Frederick Douglass: Communications\Publisher\Newspaper
Frederick Douglass: Politics and Government\Diplomat\Minister
Frederick Douglass: Society and Social Change\Reformer\Abolitionist
Frederick Douglass: Society and Social Change\Slave
Schuyler Colfax: Male
Schuyler Colfax: Politics and Government\Vice-President of US
Schuyler Colfax: Education\Educator\Lecturer
Schuyler Colfax: Politics and Government\US Congressman\Speaker of the House
Schuyler Colfax: Communications\Publisher\Newspaper
Schuyler Colfax: Politics and Government\US Congressman\Indiana
Schuyler Colfax: Business and Industry\Accounting\Auditor
John Brown: Male
John Brown: Society and Social Change\Reformer\Abolitionist
Abraham Lincoln: Male
Abraham Lincoln: Law and Law Enforcement\Lawyer
Abraham Lincoln: Military\Soldier
Abraham Lincoln: Politics and Government\President of US
Abraham Lincoln: Society and Social Change\Reformer\Environmentalist
Abraham Lincoln: Business and Industry\Merchant
Abraham Lincoln: Politics and Government\US Congressman\Illinois
Abraham Lincoln: Politics and Government\Government Official\Surveyor
Abraham Lincoln: Politics and Government\State Senator\Illinois
Abraham Lincoln: Politics and Government\Government Official\Postmaster
Abraham Lincoln: Crafts and Trades\Boat builder
Ulysses Simpson Grant: Male
Ulysses Simpson Grant: Natural Resources\Agriculturist\Farmer
Ulysses Simpson Grant: Politics and Government\Cabinet Member\Secretary of War
Ulysses Simpson Grant: Military\Army\Officer\Civil War
Ulysses Simpson Grant: Military\Army\Officer\General
Ulysses Simpson Grant: Politics and Government\President of US
Ulysses Simpson Grant: Congressional Gold Medal
Hugh Lennox Bond: Male
Hugh Lennox Bond: Law and Law Enforcement\Lawyer
Hugh Lennox Bond: Law and Law Enforcement\Judge
Hugh Lennox Bond: Law and Law Enforcement\Jurist
Portrait
Credit Line:
National Portrait Gallery, Smithsonian Institution
Object number:
NPG.2000.39
See more items in:
National Portrait Gallery Collection
Data Source:
National Portrait Gallery

"La Tierra Nueva en Aztlán"

Title: "La Tierra Nueva en Aztlán"
view "La Tierra Nueva en Aztlán" digital asset: La Tierra Nueva en Aztlán
Artist:
Moya, Manuel
Physical Description:
cotton (overall material)
ink (overall material)
Measurements:
overall: 40.5 cm x 40 cm; 15 15/16 in x 15 3/4 in
average spatial: 18 in x 15 in; 45.72 cm x 38.1 cm
Object Name:
handkerchief
Place Made:
United States: New Mexico, Albuquerque
Date made:
1986
Description:
The evolving civil rights movement of the 1950s, 1960s, and 1970s revolutionized the consciousness of young people across the United States. As in African American communities, a new sense of mobilization spread among Mexican Americans. Many adopted a more political identity—chicano and chicana—and explored their history, which was omitted from school textbooks. The Chicano movement sought to remedy the injustices experienced by many Mexican Americans, from substandard education and housing to working conditions. Many symbols and ideas of the Chicano movement were taken from the pre-Hispanic past, especially Aztec history. Aztlán, the original homeland in the Aztec migration stories, has an important place in Chicano mythology. As a symbolic reclamation of their place in American history, Chicanos locate Aztlán in the Southwest United States, in the area conquered during the Mexican-American War. The image shown here, by Manuel Moya, is an ink drawing done on a handkerchief known as a paño. Paños are graphic art works drawn on handkerchiefs by Chicano prisoners in California, Texas, and the Southwest. Titled, La Tierra Nueva en Aztlán, or The New Land in Aztlán, combines the images of the Aztec past with a Pancho Villa-like figure from the Mexican Revolution.
Location:
Currently not on view
Subject:
Prisons
Latino
Civil Rights Movement
Native Americans
Cultures & Communities
Art
La Tierra Nueva en Aztlan
Mexican America
ID Number:
1991.0431.01
Catalog number:
1991.0431.01
Accession number:
1991.0431
See more items in:
Home and Community Life: Ethnic
Mexican America
Data Source:
National Museum of American History, Kenneth E. Behring Center

Anne Pearse Hocker negatives, photographs, and other materials, 1970-1973

view Anne Pearse Hocker negatives, photographs, and other materials, 1970-1973 digital asset number 1
Subject:
Banks, Dennis
Bellecourt, Clyde H (Clyde Howard) 1936-
Bellecourt, Vernon
Means, Russell 1939-
Aquash, Anna Mae 1945-1976
Black Elk, Wallace H
Frizzell, Kent 1929-
American Indian Movement
Physical description:
ca. 2200 photographic negatives : black and white ; 8 x 10 in. 35 mm
54 contact sheets : black and white
Type:
Black-and-white negatives
Collection descriptions
Contact sheets
Place:
Wounded Knee (S.D.)
Pine Ridge Indian Reservation (S.D.)
Pine Ridge (S.D.)
Date:
1970
1970-1973
Indian occupation, 1973
Notes:
Anne Pearce Hocker is a photojournalist who received her degree in journalism from the University of Kansas. Her photographs, whether purposefully or serendipitously, document some very important moments in the history of the American Indian Movement (AIM). As a journalism student, Hocker was scheduled to interview the area director of the BIA in Minneapolis in 1970 as part of an academic project, and ended up in the middle of the AIM siege of the building, which she captured in film. She also used this opportunity to develop contacts with AIM leaders Clyde Bellecourt and Dennis Banks. Her connection with Banks come in handy to her in 1973 during the Siege of Wounded Knee. Hocker snuck into the compound with a CBS news crew and was the only individual allowed to remain within the compound due to her acquaintance with Banks, who remembered her from Minneapolis. She had strategically arrived the evening before the standoff was supposed to end, but instead, after she had entered the compound, the standoff lasted another two weeks. She was the only photojournalist allowed to remain amongst the Native contingent during the final two weeks of the standoff. She returned to Wounded Knee in 1998 to revisit the site on its 25th anniversary, and documented the experience in the journal 'Native Americas' (Spring 1998 issue) with new photographs of some of the survivors of the event.
Summary:
The majority of Hocker's momentous negatives give eyewitness account to two weeks of both the mundane and brutal reality of daily life during the 1973 siege of Wounded Knee on the Pine Ridge Indian Reservation in Pine Ridge, South Dakota. The takeover of the town and the conflict between about 200 members of AIM (American Indian Movement, the Native American civil rights activist organization begun in the 1968) and the United States Marshals Service began on February 27 and lasted for 71 days, resulting in tragedy on both sides of the conflict. Members of AIM along with some local Oglala (Lakota) Sioux from the local reservation took over the town in protest against the United States Government's history of broken treaties with various Native groups, the poverty and maltreatment of Native populations, as well as in defiance against the corruption and paternalism within the local subsidiary of the BIA (Bureau of Indian Affairs). The siege finally came to an end on May 5 when members of AIM and the assistant attorney general for the Civil Division of the US Justice Department Harlington Wood Jr. settled on a ceasefire. Kent Frizzell served as Chief Government Negotiator in the capacity of Assistant Attorney General (Land and Natural Resources Division, U. S. Department of Justice) and later as Solicitor, U. S. Department of the Interior. Among those pictured both during and post-conflict are AIM activists Dennis Banks, Clyde and Vernon Bellecourt, Ted and Russell Means, Frank Clearwater, Wallace Black Elk and Anna Mae Pictou Aquash. A small number of negatives also document AIM's takeover of the BIA building and the AIM Powwow both in Minneapolis in 1970.
Topic:
Oglala Indians
Teton Indians
Indians of North America--Government relations
Oglala Indians--Government relations
History
Local number:
NMAI.AC.028
Data Source:
Smithsonian Institution National Museum of the American Indian Archives

Fifteenth Amendment

view Fifteenth Amendment digital asset number 1
Artist:
Unidentified Artist
Copy after:
James Carter Beard, 1837 - 1913
Lithographer:
Thomas Kelly
Sitter:
Ulysses Simpson Grant, 27 Apr 1822 - 23 Jul 1885
Martin Robison Delany, 6 May 1812 - 25 Jan 1885
Frederick Douglass, Feb 1818 - 20 Feb 1895
Hiram Rhoades Revels, Sep 1822 - 16 Jan 1901
Schuyler Colfax, 23 Mar 1823 - 13 Jan 1885
John Brown, 9 May 1800 - 2 Dec 1859
Abraham Lincoln, 12 Feb 1809 - 15 Apr 1865
Medium:
Hand-colored lithograph on paper
Dimensions:
Image: 46.8 x 64.6cm (18 7/16 x 25 7/16")
Sheet: 55.1 x 70.7cm (21 11/16 x 27 13/16")
Mat: 66 x 86.4cm (26 x 34")
Culture:
Martin Robison Delany: American\African American
Hiram Rhoades Revels: Native American
Hiram Rhoades Revels: American\African American
Frederick Douglass: American\African American
Type:
Print
Date:
1870
Exhibition Label:
The end of the Civil War saw the passage of the Thirteenth, Fourteenth, and Fifteenth Amendments to the Constitution. Respectively, they abolished slavery, guaranteed citizenship to all persons born in the United States, and granted the right to vote to male citizens, regardless of "race, color, or previous condition of servitude." The Fifteenth Amendment was especially significant because for the first time in the nation's history, a minority class was empowered. "A man with a ballot in his hand is the master of the situation," wrote former abolitionist Wendell Phillips.
This hand-colored lithograph commemorates the passage of the Fifteenth Amendment and the national celebration held in Baltimore.
Topic:
Home Furnishings\Furniture\Seating\Chair
Printed Material\Book
Home Furnishings\Furniture\Table
Weapon\Sword
Nature & Environment\Animal\Horse
Architecture\Building
Symbols & Motifs\Flag
Symbols & Motifs\Flag\National\United States
Music\Musical instrument\Drum
Architecture\Building\Church\Pulpit
Human Figures\Soldier
Human Figures\Crowd
Martin Robison Delany: Male
Martin Robison Delany: Literature\Writer
Martin Robison Delany: Military\Army\Officer
Martin Robison Delany: Health and Medicine\Physician
Martin Robison Delany: Communications\Publisher\Newspaper
Hiram Rhoades Revels: Male
Hiram Rhoades Revels: Politics and Government\US Senator\Mississippi
Hiram Rhoades Revels: Religion and Spirituality\Clergy\Pastor
Hiram Rhoades Revels: Politics and Government\State Senator\Mississippi
Frederick Douglass: Male
Frederick Douglass: Literature\Writer
Frederick Douglass: Education\Educator\Lecturer
Frederick Douglass: Communications\Publisher\Newspaper
Frederick Douglass: Politics and Government\Diplomat\Minister
Frederick Douglass: Society and Social Change\Reformer\Abolitionist
Frederick Douglass: Society and Social Change\Slave
Schuyler Colfax: Male
Schuyler Colfax: Politics and Government\Vice-President of US
Schuyler Colfax: Education\Educator\Lecturer
Schuyler Colfax: Politics and Government\US Congressman\Speaker of the House
Schuyler Colfax: Communications\Publisher\Newspaper
Schuyler Colfax: Politics and Government\US Congressman\Indiana
Schuyler Colfax: Business and Industry\Accounting\Auditor
John Brown: Male
John Brown: Society and Social Change\Reformer\Abolitionist
Abraham Lincoln: Male
Abraham Lincoln: Law and Law Enforcement\Lawyer
Abraham Lincoln: Military\Soldier
Abraham Lincoln: Politics and Government\President of US
Abraham Lincoln: Society and Social Change\Reformer\Environmentalist
Abraham Lincoln: Business and Industry\Merchant
Abraham Lincoln: Politics and Government\US Congressman\Illinois
Abraham Lincoln: Politics and Government\Government Official\Surveyor
Abraham Lincoln: Politics and Government\State Senator\Illinois
Abraham Lincoln: Politics and Government\Government Official\Postmaster
Abraham Lincoln: Crafts and Trades\Boat builder
Ulysses Simpson Grant: Male
Ulysses Simpson Grant: Natural Resources\Agriculturist\Farmer
Ulysses Simpson Grant: Politics and Government\Cabinet Member\Secretary of War
Ulysses Simpson Grant: Military\Army\Officer\Civil War
Ulysses Simpson Grant: Military\Army\Officer\General
Ulysses Simpson Grant: Politics and Government\President of US
Ulysses Simpson Grant: Congressional Gold Medal
Portrait
Credit Line:
National Portrait Gallery, Smithsonian Institution
Object number:
NPG.87.56
See more items in:
National Portrait Gallery Collection
Data Source:
National Portrait Gallery

Afro-American Historical Family Record

view Afro-American Historical Family Record digital asset number 1
Artist:
James M. Vickroy, 1847 - 1913
Publisher:
Historical Publishing Company, active c. 1899
Sitter:
Frederick Douglass, Feb 1818 - 20 Feb 1895
Judson Whitlocke Lyons, 1895 - 1905
Lucy Craft Laney, 13 Apr 1854 - 23 Oct 1933
Booker T. Washington, 5 Apr 1856 - 14 Nov 1915
Henry McNeal Turner, 1 Feb 1834 - 8 May 1915
Timothy Thomas Fortune, 3 Oct 1856 - 2 Jun 1928
John Mercer Langston, 14 Dec 1829 - 15 Nov 1897
Sissieretta Jones, 5 Jan 1868 - 24 Jun 1933
Hallie Quinn Brown, 10 Mar 1849 - 16 Sep 1949
Mary V. Cook, c. 1863 - c. 1940s
Ida Bell Wells-Barnett, 16 Jul 1862 - 25 Mar 1931
John Roy Lynch, 10 Sep 1847 - 2 Nov 1939
Henry Fitzbutler, 1842 - 1901
Lucius Henry Holsey, 3 Jul 1842 - 3 Aug 1920
Medium:
Chromolithograph on paper
Dimensions:
Sheet: 68.3 x 53.2cm (26 7/8 x 20 15/16")
Mat: 86.4 x 71.1cm (34 x 28")
Culture:
Booker T. Washington: American\African American
Frederick Douglass: American\African American
John Roy Lynch: American\African American
Judson Whitlocke Lyons: American\African American
Lucy Craft Laney: American\African American
Henry McNeal Turner: American\African American
Timothy Thomas Fortune: American\African American
John Mercer Langston: Native American
John Mercer Langston: American\African American
Sissieretta Jones: American\African American
Hallie Quinn Brown: American\African American
Mary V. Cook: American\African American
Ida Bell Wells-Barnett: American\African American
Henry Fitzbutler: American\African American
Lucius Henry Holsey: American\African American
Type:
Print
Date:
1899
Exhibition Label:
The Afro-American Historical Family Record is both a personal genealogical chart and a proud pictorial history of African American advancement. Beneath symbols of national government, vignettes of an antebellum slave auction, cotton picking, and poor schools and housing on the left are contrasted with postwar scenes of free communities, industrial jobs, and prosperous schools and homes on the right. The two scenes at the bottom depict black regiments serving in Cuba during the Spanish American War. But portraiture of specific individuals plays an important role as well. Frederick Douglass, Booker T. Washington, educator Lucy C. Laney, and lawyer Judson Lyons are grouped with PresidentsWashington and Lincoln. Beneath the space designed for recording personal family records are ten more prominent educators, writers, editors, entertainers, and political and religious leaders, illustrating an impressive degree of accomplishment for the first post-slavery generation.
Topic:
Booker T. Washington: Male
Booker T. Washington: Literature\Writer
Booker T. Washington: Education\Educator
Booker T. Washington: Education\Educator\Lecturer
Booker T. Washington: Society and Social Change\Reformer\Social Reformer
Booker T. Washington: Education\Educator\Teacher
Booker T. Washington: Education\Administrator\Institute
Frederick Douglass: Male
Frederick Douglass: Literature\Writer
Frederick Douglass: Education\Educator\Lecturer
Frederick Douglass: Communications\Publisher\Newspaper
Frederick Douglass: Politics and Government\Diplomat\Minister
Frederick Douglass: Society and Social Change\Reformer\Abolitionist
Frederick Douglass: Society and Social Change\Slave
John Roy Lynch: Male
John Roy Lynch: Law and Law Enforcement\Lawyer
John Roy Lynch: Military\Army\Officer
John Roy Lynch: Natural Resources\Agriculturist\Farmer
John Roy Lynch: Politics and Government\US Congressman\Mississippi
John Roy Lynch: Visual Arts\Artist\Photographer
John Roy Lynch: Politics and Government\State Legislator\Mississippi
John Roy Lynch: Business and Industry\Businessman\Real Estate Agent
John Roy Lynch: Law and Law Enforcement\Justice of the Peace
John Roy Lynch: Society and Social Change\Slave
Judson Whitlocke Lyons: Male
Judson Whitlocke Lyons: Law and Law Enforcement\Lawyer
Lucy Craft Laney: Female
Lucy Craft Laney: Education\Educator
Lucy Craft Laney: Society and Social Change\Reformer\Activist\Civil rights activist
Henry McNeal Turner: Male
Henry McNeal Turner: Society and Social Change\Reformer\Activist\Civil rights activist
Henry McNeal Turner: Religion and Spirituality\Clergy\Bishop
Timothy Thomas Fortune: Male
Timothy Thomas Fortune: Literature\Writer
Timothy Thomas Fortune: Society and Social Change\Reformer
Timothy Thomas Fortune: Communications\Publisher\Newspaper
Timothy Thomas Fortune: Communications\Journalist\Editor\Newspaper
Timothy Thomas Fortune: Communications\Journalist\Reporter\Newspaper
Timothy Thomas Fortune: Society and Social Change\Reformer\Activist\Civil rights activist
John Mercer Langston: Male
John Mercer Langston: Law and Law Enforcement\Lawyer
John Mercer Langston: Society and Social Change\Reformer\Activist\Civil rights activist
John Mercer Langston: Education\Administrator\University\Dean
John Mercer Langston: Education\Educator\Professor\Law
Sissieretta Jones: Female
Sissieretta Jones: Performing Arts\Performer\Musician\Singer
Sissieretta Jones: Performing Arts\Performer
Hallie Quinn Brown: Female
Hallie Quinn Brown: Education\Educator
Hallie Quinn Brown: Society and Social Change\Reformer\Activist\Civil rights activist
Hallie Quinn Brown: Performing Arts\Performer\Entertainer
Hallie Quinn Brown: Education\Administrator\University\Dean
Mary V. Cook: Female
Mary V. Cook: Education\Educator
Ida Bell Wells-Barnett: Female
Ida Bell Wells-Barnett: Literature\Writer
Ida Bell Wells-Barnett: Communications\Journalist
Ida Bell Wells-Barnett: Communications\Journalist\Editor
Ida Bell Wells-Barnett: Education\Educator\Teacher
Ida Bell Wells-Barnett: Society and Social Change\Reformer\Activist\Civil rights activist
Ida Bell Wells-Barnett: Society and Social Change\Slave
Henry Fitzbutler: Male
Henry Fitzbutler: Health and Medicine\Physician
Lucius Henry Holsey: Male
Lucius Henry Holsey: Religion and Spirituality\Clergy\Minister
Portrait
Credit Line:
National Portrait Gallery, Smithsonian Institution
Object number:
NPG.2006.47
See more items in:
National Portrait Gallery Collection
Data Source:
National Portrait Gallery

Susette LaFlesche Tibbles

view Susette LaFlesche Tibbles digital asset number 1
Artist:
Jose Maria Mora, 1849 - 1926
Sitter:
Susette LaFlesche Tibbles, 1854 - 26 May 1903
Medium:
Albumen silver print
Dimensions:
Image/Sheet: 14 × 9.7 cm (5 1/2 × 3 13/16")
Mount: 16.4 × 10.6 cm (6 7/16 × 4 3/16")
Culture:
Susette LaFlesche Tibbles: Native American\American Indian\Great Plains\Omaha
Type:
Photograph
Place:
United States\New York\Kings\New York
Date:
c. 1879
Exhibition Label:
Born Bellevue, Nebraska
An important advocate of Native American rights, Susette LaFlesche Tibbles was raised on the Omaha reservation in Nebraska. She worked as a teacher before becoming involved in a study of social conditions among the Plains tribes. She was accompanied in this work by Thomas Tibbles, a newspaper editor whom she married in 1887. Galvanized by the terrible conditions she observed, “Bright Eyes,” as she came to be known, served as an expert witness and worked as an interpreter in court cases that Native peoples brought against the federal government. She also received widespread fame as an orator, speaking out about the lack of rights afforded tribes.
Topic:
Photographic Format\Cabinet card
Susette LaFlesche Tibbles: Female
Susette LaFlesche Tibbles: Society and Social Change\Reformer\Activist\Civil rights activist
Portrait
Credit Line:
National Portrait Gallery, Smithsonian Institution
Object number:
NPG.2013.3
See more items in:
National Portrait Gallery Collection
Data Source:
National Portrait Gallery

Peter La Farge on the warpath [sound recording]

view Peter La Farge on the warpath [sound recording] digital asset number 1
Performer:
La Farge, Peter 1931-1965
Navarro, Nick
Commentator:
Weshner, Skip
Album cover design:
Clyne, Ronald 1925-2006
Physical description:
1 phonograph record : analog, 33 1/3 rpm ; 12 in
Culture:
American Indian
Americans
Type:
Phonograph records
Songs and music
Place:
United States
Date:
1965
1960-1970
Notes:
Descriptive notes by Skip Weshner with song lyrics and music notation (8 p. : ill.) in container.
Songs composed by Peter La Farge.
Peter LaFarge was of the Narragansett tribe. He was adopted by the Tewa tribe of the Hopi Nation.
Topic:
Popular music
Folk music
Ballads, English
Protest songs
Civil rights movements
Indians of North America
Local number:
FLP 68282
Folkways 2535
See more items in:
Folkways Records Collection 1948-1986
Data Source:
Ralph Rinzler Folklife Archives and Collections

First Colored Senator and Representatives

view First Colored Senator and Representatives digital asset number 1
Artist:
Currier & Ives Lithography Company, active 1857 - 1907
Sitter:
Hiram Rhoades Revels, Sep 1822 - 16 Jan 1901
Benjamin Sterling Turner, 1825 - 1894
Josiah T. Walls, 1842 - 1905
Joseph Harvey Rainy, 1832 - 1887
R. Brown Elliot, 1842 - 1884
Robert Carlos De Large, 1842 - 14 Feb 1874
Jefferson Franklin Long, 3 Mar 1836 - 5 Feb 1900
Medium:
Lithograph on paper
Dimensions:
Image: 22 x 32cm (8 11/16 x 12 5/8")
Sheet: 30.2 × 37.8cm (11 7/8 × 14 7/8")
Mat: 40.6 x 55.9cm (16 x 22")
Culture:
Hiram Rhoades Revels: Native American
Hiram Rhoades Revels: American\African American
Benjamin Sterling Turner: American\African American
Josiah T. Walls: American\African American
R. Brown Elliot: American\African American
Robert Carlos De Large: American\African American
Jefferson Franklin Long: American\African American
Type:
Print
Date:
1872
Exhibition Label:
The fact that African Americans were beginning to represent southern states in Congress by the early 1870s was an event worthy of commemoration, and this print, The First Colored Senator and Representatives, was one of the efforts to mark it. From left to right, the men are Hiram R. Revels (1822–1901), Benjamin S. Turner (1825–1894), Robert C. De Large (1842–1874), Josiah T. Walls (1842–1905), Jefferson F. Long (1836–1900), Joseph H. Rainey (1832–1887), and R. Brown Elliot (1842–1884). Like the great majority of legislators, none of these men particularly distinguished themselves during their congressional tenures. Nevertheless, they and the many other African Americans who gained lesser public offices in the 1860s and 1870s acquitted themselves honorably. In so doing, they gave lie to critics who charged that black officeholding during the Reconstruction era led to irresponsible government.
El hecho de que los afroamericanos comenzaron a representar a los estados sureños en el Congreso a principios de la década de 1870 fue digno de conmemorarse, y entre los actos de celebración estuvo este grabado, Primer senador y primeros representantes de color. Desde la izquierda, aparecen: Hiram R. Revels (1822–1901), Benjamin S. Turner (1825–1894), Robert C. De Large (1842–1874), Josiah T. Walls (1842–1905), Jefferson F. Long (1836–1900), Joseph H. Rainey (1832–1887) y R. Brown Elliot (1842–1884). Al igual que la gran mayoría de los legisladores, ninguno de estos hombres se distinguió en el ejercicio de sus cargos. Pero tanto ellos como muchos otros afroamericanos que ocuparon cargos públicos menores en las décadas de 1860 y 1870 se comportaron honorablemente. Así desmintieron a los que alegaban que los funcionarios negros habían fomentado un gobierno irresponsable durante la época de la Reconstrucción.
Topic:
Printed Material\Papers
Personal Attribute\Facial Hair
Personal Attribute\Facial Hair\Mustache
Personal Attribute\Facial Hair\Beard
Personal Attribute\Facial Hair\Muttonchops
Hiram Rhoades Revels: Male
Hiram Rhoades Revels: Politics and Government\US Senator\Mississippi
Hiram Rhoades Revels: Religion and Spirituality\Clergy\Pastor
Hiram Rhoades Revels: Politics and Government\State Senator\Mississippi
Benjamin Sterling Turner: Male
Josiah T. Walls: Male
Joseph Harvey Rainy: Male
R. Brown Elliot: Male
Robert Carlos De Large: Male
Robert Carlos De Large: Politics and Government\State Legislator\South Carolina
Robert Carlos De Large: Politics and Government\US Congressman\South Carolina
Robert Carlos De Large: Law and Law Enforcement\Magistrate
Jefferson Franklin Long: Male
Jefferson Franklin Long: Society and Social Change\Reformer\Activist\Civil rights activist
Jefferson Franklin Long: Politics and Government\US Congressman\Georgia
Portrait
Credit Line:
National Portrait Gallery, Smithsonian Institution
Object number:
NPG.80.195
See more items in:
National Portrait Gallery Collection
Exhibition:
American Origins
On View:
NPG, East Gallery 110a
Data Source:
National Portrait Gallery

Leonard Crow Dog

view Leonard Crow Dog digital asset number 1
Artist:
Paul Davis, born 10 Feb 1938
Sitter:
Leonard Crow Dog, born 1942
Medium:
Color halftone poster
Dimensions:
Sheet: 101.8 x 68.8cm (40 1/16 x 27 1/16")
Board: 107.3 x 73.7cm (42 1/4 x 29")
A to G Depth: 7/8"
Culture:
Leonard Crow Dog: Native American\American Indian\Great Plains\Sioux
Type:
Print
Date:
1977
Exhibition Label:
Born Rosebud Indian Reservation, South Dakota
Regarded by many as the spiritual leader of the American Indian Movement (AIM), Leonard Crow Dog played an influential role, beginning in the 1960s, in the effort to secure greater rights for Native peoples. A member of the Oglala Lakota, Crow Dog participated in numerous rallies and demonstrations across the country, and was often jailed in the process. He was also responsible for redirecting AIM's emphasis, speaking out not only for justice and tribal sovereignty, but also for the revitalization of traditional rituals and ceremonies that had waned in the recent past. His priorities shaped the Native American Self-Determination and Education Act, a landmark bill signed in 1975 that swung the pendulum away from acculturation and toward greater respect for cultural traditions. Crow Dog continues to write and give speeches and remains a conspicuous leader in the larger Native American community.
Topic:
Poster
Leonard Crow Dog: Male
Leonard Crow Dog: Society and Social Change\Reformer\Activist\Civil rights activist
Portrait
Credit Line:
National Portrait Gallery, Smithsonian Institution; gift of Jack Rennert
Object number:
NPG.2007.186
Rights:
© Paul Davis
See more items in:
National Portrait Gallery Collection
Data Source:
National Portrait Gallery

Teriananda papers, 1972-1999

view Teriananda papers, 1972-1999 digital asset number 1
Creator:
Teriananda 1947-
Subject:
Peltier, Leonard
Physical description:
.83 linear feet (2 boxes)
Culture:
Navajo Indians
Hopi Indians
Type:
Letters
Collection descriptions
Reports
Clippings
Articles
Writings
Date:
1972
1972-1999
Notes:
Teriananda was born in Manhattan in 1947, where she grew up and has continued to live throughout her adult life. Teriananda's father, born in Brooklyn, became a financial officer and independent scholar; her mother, born in British Guiana (now Guyana), was a classical pianist who immigrated to the United States and later became an editorial assistant, working part-time during Teriananda's childhood. Her parents instilled in her a belief that she was "a citizen of the world." She studed ballet as a youngster, and as a teenager, immersed herself in the artistic and intellectual milieu of the Lower East Side and Greenwich Village. An improperly diagnosed back injury while she was a senior in high school resulted in severe back problems in the 1970s that have persisted throughout her life.
Teriananda became interested in indigenous struggles in the 1970s, following a "back crisis" that almost took her life yet proved to be psychically transformative. In seeking to know who she was, she realized she needed to know where she was, and this led her to ask who the original inhabitants of the continent were. She soon became involved in activist struggles for indigenous rights and worked with a number of Native American groups during the 1970s and 1980s, including the International Treaty Council's attempts to found the United Nations permanent Working Group on Indigenous People, support for Yvonne Wanrow and Leonard Peltier, the issue of uranium contamination from mining on Native American land, and the problem of the Joint Land Use Area near Big Mountain on the Hopi and Navajo reservations.
Teriananda also worked on issues surrounding the AIDS crisis after the death of several friends from the disease. She had become familiar with the possibilities of natural medicines, partly through contact with traditional Native teachers, and she became active promoting the benefits of nutritional, herbal and other natural therapies to sufferers of AIDS. As Teriananda's own health issues persisted and worsened, she turned to Tibetan Buddhism, and has devoted herself to artistic pursuits influenced by this spiritual path. Although she has cut back on her activism, due to health problems and family demands, Teriananda remains a committed political activist who stays informed of current issues and is determined to pass on the heritage of struggles for peace and justice to the next generation.
Summary:
This collection, from the 1970s to the 1990s, is comprised of published and unpublished writings by Teriananda, as well as letters, reports, newspaper and magazine articles, group newsletters, flyers and announcements of political events, and news releases. The issues represented here, including support work for "The Longest Walk" campaign for justice for Leonard Peltier and the Big Mountain relocation, are indicative of the concerns in parts of Indian country in the United States and elsewhere during these decades.
Series I, Writings (1978-1991) contains original writings by Teriananda, including an interview with Native American activist Bill Wahpepah, a report on the state of the natural world with an appendix of written materials Teriananda used to supplement the report, and a newsletter for the New York City Big Mountain Support group.
Series II, Political Activities (undated; 1972-1996) consists of a variety of writings over more than two decades, including newsletters, reports, flyers, newspaper and magazine articles, and news releases, all of it relating to the political activities with which Teriananda has been involved in support of indigenous peoples. These include support for Latin American indigenous struggles, rain forest initiatives, the Black Hills, Leonard Peltier, the Longest Walk, which was enacted to protest and lobby against eleven bills before Congress which Indians felt would alter treaties between the U.S. government and various Indian tribes, and issues surrounding the Navajo relocation from the Hopi-Navajo Joint Use Area around Big Mountain.
Cite as:
Teriananda papers, 1972-1999, National Museum of the American Indian Archives, Smithsonian Institution
Topic:
Indians of North America
Indians of Mexico
Indians of Central America
Indians of South America
Indians of North America--Land tenure
Indians of North America--Civil rights
Indians of North America--Relocation
AIDS (Disease)
Naturopathy
Traditional medicine
Local number:
NMAI.AC.009
Data Source:
Smithsonian Institution National Museum of the American Indian Archives

Ulysses S. Grant and Staff

view Ulysses S. Grant and Staff digital asset number 1
Artist:
Alexander Gardner, 17 Oct 1821 - 1882
Sitter:
Ulysses Simpson Grant, 27 Apr 1822 - 23 Jul 1885
George Keller Leet, ? - 1881
Amos Webster, ? - 1898
Ely Samuel Parker, 1828 - 1895
Edward De Welden Breneman, 1838? - 1870
Michael Ryan Morgan, 1833 - 1911
Orville E. Babcock, 1835 - 1884
Seth Williams, 1822 - 1866
John Aaron Rawlins, 13 Feb 1831 - 6 Sep 1869
Theodore Shelton Bowers, 1832 - 1866
Cyrus Ballou Comstock, 1831 - 1910
Horace Porter, 1837 - 1921
Adam Badeau, 1831 - 1895
Medium:
Albumen silver print
Dimensions:
Image: 30.5 x 43.2cm (12 x 17")
Mat (horizontal): 55.9 x 71.1cm (22 x 28")
Culture:
Ely Samuel Parker: Native American\American Indian\Eastern Great Lakes\Eastern Woodlands\Iroquois\Seneca
Type:
Photograph
Date:
1865
Exhibition Label:
This group portrait serves as a valedictory moment for Grant’s staff, many of whom had served with him for most of the war. Grant was loyal to his men, and some would continue to serve him during peacetime and during his presidency. Orville Babcock (standing, extreme right) would become President Grant’s chief of staff and would be accused of corruption, casting a pall over the administration. Ely Parker (third from left), a Seneca Indian chief turned engineer and army general, wrote out the Union’s surrender terms as Grant dictated them at Appomattox. At the McLean house, Lee apparently noticed Parker and remarked that it was good to see a real American among the group. Parker reportedly replied quietly, “We are all Americans.”
Ulysses S. Grant y personal
Este retrato de grupo funciona como un momento de despedida para el personal de Grant, muchos de los cuales habían servido con él durante la mayor parte de la guerra. Grant era fiel a sus hombres y algunos hubieran seguido sirviendo con él durante el periodo de paz y durante su presidencia. Orville Babcock (parado, extremo derecho) se convirtió en el jefe de personal del presidente Grant y fue acusado de corrupción, lo que manchó la gestión. Ely Parker (tercero desde la izquierda), un jefe indio de la tribu Seneca que se había convertido en ingeniero y general del ejército, escribió los términos de la rendición de la Unión mientras Grant los dictaba en Appomattox. En la casa de McLean, Lee, al parecer, observó a Parker y comentó que era bueno ver a un verdadero americano en el grupo. Según se afirma, Parker respondió en voz baja: “Todos somos americanos”.
Alexander Gardner (1821–1882)
Copia en papel a la albúmina, 1865
National Portrait Gallery, Smithsonian Institution
Topic:
John Aaron Rawlins: Male
John Aaron Rawlins: Politics and Government\Cabinet Member\Secretary of War
John Aaron Rawlins: Military\Army\Officer\General
John Aaron Rawlins: Military\Army\Officer\Civil War\Union
Theodore Shelton Bowers: Male
Theodore Shelton Bowers: Military\Army\Officer\Civil War\Union
Horace Porter: Male
Horace Porter: Military\Army\Officer
Horace Porter: Politics and Government\Diplomat
Ely Samuel Parker: Male
Ely Samuel Parker: Law and Law Enforcement\Lawyer
Ely Samuel Parker: Politics and Government\Diplomat
Ely Samuel Parker: Science and Technology\Engineer
Ely Samuel Parker: Politics and Government\Government Official\Commissioner
Adam Badeau: Male
Orville E. Babcock: Male
Orville E. Babcock: Military\Army\Officer\Brigadier General
Orville E. Babcock: Science and Technology\Engineer\Military
Ulysses Simpson Grant: Male
Ulysses Simpson Grant: Natural Resources\Agriculturist\Farmer
Ulysses Simpson Grant: Politics and Government\Cabinet Member\Secretary of War
Ulysses Simpson Grant: Military\Army\Officer\Civil War
Ulysses Simpson Grant: Military\Army\Officer\General
Ulysses Simpson Grant: Politics and Government\President of US
Ulysses Simpson Grant: Congressional Gold Medal
George Keller Leet: Male
George Keller Leet: Military\Army
Amos Webster: Male
Amos Webster: Military\Army\Officer\Civil War
Edward De Welden Breneman: Male
Edward De Welden Breneman: Military
Michael Ryan Morgan: Male
Michael Ryan Morgan: Military\Army
Seth Williams: Male
Seth Williams: Military\Army\Officer\Civil War
Seth Williams: Military\Army\Officer\Major General
Cyrus Ballou Comstock: Male
Cyrus Ballou Comstock: Education\Educator\Professor
Cyrus Ballou Comstock: Military\Army\Officer\Brigadier General
Cyrus Ballou Comstock: Science and Technology\Engineer\Military
Portrait
Credit Line:
National Portrait Gallery, Smithsonian Institution
Object number:
NPG.80.167
See more items in:
National Portrait Gallery Collection
Data Source:
National Portrait Gallery

Indians of North America The Seminole [published] 95.1.7 RV 1993

Creator:
Nevison, Henry Producer
Henry Nevison; Producer, Director
Marty Moss-Coane; Narration
Harold Boihem; Editor
Dana Palermo, Rick Scott; Audio
Andrew Schlessinger, John Gerbec, Dana Palermo; producers
Physical description:
31 min sound color video
Culture:
Seminole Indians
Indians of North America
Indians of North America Southern States
Type:
Projected media
Collection descriptions
Place:
Seminole
North America
disintigration
United States, Florida
Date:
1993
Summary:
Indians of North America Series: The Seminole. Edited film documents the history of the Seminole American Indians since the arrival of European settlers in Florida. Emphasis is placed on the creation of the Seminoles out of fragments of other tribes, the impact of expansionism and conflict with the U.S. government over land rights. Film addresses the war between the Seminoles and the U.S. government led by Florida governor and future president, Andrew Jackson, resulting in accession of Seminole land in Florida and the migration of many Seminoles to Oklahoma. Also explored are the influence of numerous government policies, treaties and laws involving the Seminole such as the 1887 Dawes Act, allotting land to individuals rather than to the tribe; the Indian Removal Act, forcing relocation of the Indian tribes westward, and educational policies such as forbidding Seminole school children to speak their tribal language. Other events impacting the Seminoles include the Civil War during which both sides rallied for Seminole support, the discovery of oil on Seminole territory in the 1920's, Indian recruitment during World War II, the establishment of Indian reservations. Footage sequences include: artist creating a sculpture; "chickees," Seminole houses with thatched roofs; the Green Corn Ceremony, where participants ingest herbal medicine to reinforce their bond with nature; black and white footage displaying cotton patchwork clothing designs for which the Seminoles are famous. interviews with elders and youths.
Topic:
Land--acquisition of
Land--as a source of wealth
Land--as property
Land--reclamation
Land--reservations
Settlement--patterns
Boundaries--territorial
Conflict
War--Civil War--World War II
Warfare--guerrilla
Territorial--boundaries--exploitation
Territory--annexed consolidation of
Government--activities--agencies, relief
Government--care of dependent ethnic groups
Government--education--public
Government--expeditions
Government--military
Government--policies
Government--constitutions
Military--armed forces
Military--posts--tactics
Education--curriculum
Education--teachers in--theories of
Education--attitudes toward
Spiritualism
Missions--religious
Nature--ideas about
Descent--matrilineal
Assimilation--of ethnic groups
Bands--migratory
Hunting--buffalo
Horses
Cattle
Exploring--expeditions
Ownership--individual--collective
Culture--accomodation--adaptation
Culture--change
Culture--continuity
Culture
Culture--ideals
Treaties--peace--capitulation
Oil--wells--discovery
Cotton--cultivation of
Cloth--woven
Local number:
HSFA 95.1.7 RV
Data Source:
Human Studies Film Archives

Address to the public of the Lake Mohonk Conference, ... in behalf of the civilization and legal protection of the Indians of the United States

Address of the Lake Mohonk Conference
Author:
Lake Mohonk Conference
Indian Rights Association
Physical description:
1 v. ; 23 cm
Type:
Periodicals
Date:
1883
Topic:
Government relations--Congresses
Call number:
E93.L19X
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries

Annual address to the public of the Lake Mohonk Conference, ... in behalf of the civilization and legal protection of the Indians of the United States

Address of the Lake Mohonk Conference
Author:
Lake Mohonk Conference
Indian Rights Association
Physical description:
1 v. ; 23 cm
Type:
Periodicals
Date:
1884
Topic:
Government relations--Congresses
Call number:
E93.L19X
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries

The White Eagles/Black Indians of New Orleans

Artist:
Marilyn Nance, born New York City 1953
Medium:
gelatin silver print
Dimensions:
sheet: 15 7/8 x 19 7/8 in. (40.4 x 50.4 cm.)
Type:
Photography-Photoprint
Date:
1980
Description:
Nance’s photography is about her spiritual realization that all African Americans are connected, in some way, to one another. In White Eagles/Black Indians of New Orleans, African Americans dress in costumes influenced by the ceremonial dress of Native Americans as part of Mardi-Gras, the annual pre-Lenten celebration in New Orleans. One theory suggests that this custom began as a tribute by African Americans to Native Americans for helping runaway slaves; another suggests that it is a way of celebrating similarities between two minority cultural groups.
African American Art: Harlem Renaissance, Civil Rights Era, and Beyond, 2012
Topic:
Figure group\male
Ethnic\African-American
Performing arts\music
Cityscape\Louisiana\New Orleans
Dress\costume\Indian costume
Ceremony\festival\New Orleans Jazz and Heritage Fest.
Credit Line:
Smithsonian American Art Museum, Museum purchase made possible by the Luisita L. and Franz H. Denghausen Endowment and the Smithsonian Institution Collections Acquisition Program
Object number:
1994.66.2
Copyright Credit Line:
© 1980, Marilyn Nance
See more items in:
Smithsonian American Art Museum Collection
Data Source:
Smithsonian American Art Museum

Wiping the Tears of Seven Generations [published] 95.1.4 1991

Creator:
Rhine, Gary Producer
Gary Rhine: Producer
Physical description:
57 min sound color b&w video
Culture:
Sioux
Indians of North America
Indians of North America Great Plains
Dakota Indians
Type:
Projected media
Collection descriptions
Place:
Sioux
North America
disintigration
for smoking
United States
Date:
1991
Summary:
Edited film documents the history of the Lakota (Sioux) since the arrival of European settlers in the fifteenth century. Black and white photographs and early film footage illustrate the ongoing conflict between the Lakota people and the American government over civil and land rights culminating in the 1890 Battle of Wounded Knee. Numerous interviews with the Lakota retell the horrors of the battle, the capitulation of Crazy Horse and the spiritually stunting effect the battle wreaked upon the Lakota for one hundred years. The narrated writings of Black Elk relay his prophesy that it would take seven generations of Lakota after the Battle of Wounded Knee to mourn the loss of their relatives, traditions, land, and spiritual strength. The 1990 Lakota-wide movement to "wipe the tears of seven generations" of mourning is depicted by the two week memorial horseback ride to Wounded Knee in commemoration of those who died in the battle. Lakota interviewees explain their new vision for a united Lakota people who are finally at peace with themselves because of an extensive ritual healing process and who are now prepared to celebrate the culture, traditions and spirituality, and strength of character of the Lakota people that will set the pace for the next seven generations.
Topic:
War
Migration
Settlement--patterns
Land--acquisition of
Land--territory--boundaries
Land--reservations
Land--territorial--boundaries
Treaties--capitulation of
Treaties--peace
Exploring--expeditions
Conflict
Healing
Mourning
Culture--accomodation--adaptation
Culture--change
Culture--continuity
Culture
Culture--ideals
Religious--activities
Religious--ceremonial--rights
Religious--ritual
Religious--dancing
Ritual--pipes
Spiritualism
Pipes--smoking
Dance--dancing
Dancing--ghost
Celebrations
History--oral, as a method
Animals--buffalo--hunting
Animals--horses
Animals--slaughter of
Disease
Starvation--famine
Animals--hunting
Local number:
HSFA 95.1.4
Data Source:
Human Studies Film Archives

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