Smithsonian Institution

Search Results

Collections Search Center
279 documents - page 1 of 14

National Congress of American Indians records, 1933-1990 (bulk 1944-1989)

view National Congress of American Indians records, 1933-1990 (bulk 1944-1989) digital asset number 1
Creator:
National Congress of American Indians
Subject:
Bronson, Ruth Muskrat
Curry, James E. 1907-1972
Deloria, Vine
Harjo, Suzan Shown
McNickle, D'Arcy 1904-1977
Peterson, Helen L
Snake, Reuben 1937-1993
Tonasket, Mel
Trimble, Charles E
Arrow, Inc
National Congress of American Indians
National Tribal Chairmen's Association
United Effort Trust
United States American Indian Policy Review Commission
United States Bureau of Indian Affairs
United States Indian Claims Commission
Physical description:
251 linear feet
Type:
Administrative records
Collection descriptions
Audiotapes
Clippings
Correspondence
Financial records
Photographs
Videotapes
Place:
United States
Date:
1933
1933-1990
bulk 1944-1989
20th century
1934-
Notes:
The National Congress of American Indians (NCAI) is a major American Indian advocacy organization, designed to serve as a link between tribal governments and the United States government. NCAI was founded in 1944, in Denver, CO, as a membership organization for "persons of Indian blood." In 1955, group membership was limited to recognized tribes, committees, or bands. The organization is overseen by an Executive Council, which selects a five-member Executive Committee and an Executive Director. The Executive Director is then responsible for managing the organization's staff and overseeing its initiatives and everyday operations. Since 1944, NCAI has held annual conventions in the fall to elect officers and pass resolutions, which become the basis for the organization's policy positions. Beginning in 1977, a mid-year conference in May or June was added to provide further opportunities for in-depth exploration of issues.
Since its inauguration, NCAI has worked on a wide variety of issues facing Indians in the US. Some of those issues include voting rights, land claims, education, economic development, natural resource protection and management, nuclear waste, repatriation, and government-to-government relations with the federal government. In 1954, NCAI organized an emergency conference to protest the US government's newly-announced termination policy. NCAI has also frequently worked closely with other Indian organizations, such as the Native American Rights Fund and National Tribal Chairmen's Association, and with various government bodies, such as the Bureau of Indian Affairs and Indian Health Service.
Summary:
The NCAI records document the organization's work, particularly that of its office in Washington, DC, and the wide variety of issues faced by American Indians in the twentieth century. The bulk of the material relates to legislation, lobbying, and NCAI's interactions with various governmental bodies. A large segment also concerns the annual conventions and executive council and executive committee meetings. Finally, the records also document the operations of the NCAI, including personnel, financial, and fundraising material. The collection also includes the records of two of NCAI's Executive Directors, Charles E. "Chuck" Trimble (1972-1977) and Suzan Shown Harjo (1984-1989). Included are correspondence, publications, reports, administrative records, photographs, and audio and video recordings.
Cite as:
National Congress of American Indians Records, National Museum of the American Indian Archive Center, Smithsonian Institution
Topic:
Alaska Natives--Land tenure
Indians of North America--Civil rights
Indians of North America--Economic conditions
Indians of North America--Government relations
Indians of North America--Legal status, laws, etc
Indians of North America--Politics and government
Indians of North America--Social conditions
Indian termination policy
Radioactive wastes--Management
Trail of Broken Treaties, 1972
Local number:
NMAI.AC.010
Restrictions:
Access to NMAI Archive Center collections is by appointment only, Monday - Friday, 9:30 am - 4:30 pm. Please contact the archives to make an appointment (phone: 301-238-1400, email: nmaiarchives@si.edu)
See more items in:
National Congress of American Indians records 1933-1990 (bulk 1944-1989)
Data Source:
Smithsonian Institution National Museum of the American Indian Archives

National Congress of American Indians audio and film recordings 1952-1997

view National Congress of American Indians audio and film recordings 1952-1997 digital asset number 1
Creator:
National Congress of American Indians
Subject:
Harjo, Suzan Shown
Trimble, Charles E
Deloria, Vine
Tonasket, Mel
Delacruz, Joseph B
Physical description:
713 sound cassettes
442 sound tape reels 1/4 inch open reel
30 videocassettes (u-matic)
24 videoreels (1/2 inch)
10 videocassettes (vhs)
3 sound cartridges
1 videocassette (hi8)
1 dictaphone belt
Type:
Audio cassettes
Collection descriptions
Audiotapes
Audiovisual materials
Date:
1952
1952-1997
20th century
Notes:
The National Congress of America Indians, which describes itself as the oldest and largest American Indian and Alaskan Native organization in the United States, was founded on November 16, 1944, in Denver, CO. NCAI was intended to serve as a link between individual tribal councils and the United States government, by defining and helping to crystallize Indian thought on the administration of Indian affairs. The Congress also aimed to educate the general public about Indians, preserve Indian cultural values, protect treaty rights with the United States, and promote Indian welfare. Conventions have been held annually in the fall since the formation of the NCAI in 1944. Since 1977, mid-year conferences have been held in May or June of each year, to allow more frequent and thorough discussion of issues. The resolutions passed at these conventions are the basis for all policy of the Executive Committee and Executive Director between meetings. The conventions are also used for informational sessions and meetings of standing and special committees of NCAI. One or two-day workshops may also be held on special topics or Congressional issues of particular concern. The National Congress of American Indians is still active today, continuing its work of lobbying, support for tribal governments, and advocacy for American Indian issues.
Summary:
This collection of National Congress of America Indians Audio and Film Recordings contains materials created by and for NCAI to maintain a record of organizational proceedings and events between 1952 and 1997. Recorded in various formats, the bulk of this collection is on 1/4" open reel to reel tapes and sound cassettes. The collection also contains smaller numbers of EIAJ open reel videotapes, U-Matic, VHS and Hi-8 videocassettes and well as dictaphone belts and audio cartridges. The first series in this collection contains audio recordings from NCAI annual and mid-year convetions held in different locations all over the United States. The second series includes events hosted by NCAI or attended by NCAI representatives. These include executive council meetings, congressional hearings, intertribal institutes and a variety of workshops and meetings regarding economic, civil and educational issues facing indian country. Several larger events include the Arizona Intertribal Institute (1955), The National Indian Policy Conference (1974), LEAA Conference (1978), Environmental Protection Hearings and Seminars (1988) and the Senate Indian Affairs Special Investigations Subcommittee meetings (1989). A conference held in 1993 also documents the early history of NCAI with speakers such as Helen Peterson, John Rainer and Erma Hicks Walz.
Cite as:
National Museum of the American Indian Archive Center, Smithsonian Institution
Topic:
Congresses and conventions
Indians of North America--Civil rights
Indians of North America--Economic conditions
Indians of North America--Government relations
Indians of North America--Social conditions
Open reel
Local number:
NMAI.AC.010.001
Restrictions:
Access is by appointment only, Monday - Friday, 9:30 am - 4:30 pm. Please contact the archives to make an appointment
See more items in:
National Congress of American Indians records 1933-1990 (bulk 1944-1989)
Data Source:
Smithsonian Institution National Museum of the American Indian Archives

Jim Wallace photographs of Trail of Self Determination demonstration, 1976

view Jim Wallace photographs of Trail of Self Determination demonstration, 1976 digital asset number 1
Creator:
Wallace, Jim (James H.)
Physical description:
271 contact prints (proof sheets)
6 prints : silver gelatin
Culture:
Indians of North America
Type:
Photographs
Collection descriptions
Place:
White House (Washington, D.C.)
Date:
1976
Notes:
Jim Wallace was a photographer and director of the Smithsonian Institutionʹs Office of Printing and Photographic Services. He photographed several civil rights demonstrations throughout his career, beginning in the early 1960s when he was a student at the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill.
Summary:
Photographs documenting a Trail of Self Determination demonstration in front of the White House on July 2-5, 1976. They include images of demonstrators, White House security, people on a tour, press badges, demonstration paraphenalia, and waste cleanup. The collection includes proof sheets and six prints from the proofs.
Cite as:
Photo lot 80-5, Jim Wallace photographs of Trail of Self Determination demonstration, National Anthropological Archives, Smithsonian Institution
Topic:
Demonstrations
Local number:
NAA Photo Lot 80-5
Data Source:
National Anthropological Archives

$1.00 from The Dayton Bank

view $1.00 from The Dayton Bank digital asset number 1
Referenced:
Dayton Bank
Maker:
Danforth, Wright & Co.
Physical Description:
paper (overall material)
Object Name:
paper money
Place made:
United States: Minnesota, St. Paul
Date made:
1853
Description:
Mr. Dayton is known to history solely by the currency he had printed for his bank, and it is not known whether the bank ever opened its doors. But it was his bank, and he had the right, so his grim visage, complete with imposing widow's peak, graces each of the three known denominations: one-, two-, and five-dollar bills.
The Dayton Bank was one of thousands of private issuers, supplying the capital that created the economic miracle of 19th-century America. No government dared issue paper money in those days: Americans had been so badly burned by inflation during one crisis (the Revolutionary War), that they would not countenance another public issue until another crisis (the Civil War).
The imagery on this note is very typical of that found in this period, especially on issues from western banks. Racial and ethnic stereotypes were prevalent and emphasized the dominance of white culture.
Subject:
Coins, Currency and Medals
Indians
Banks
ID Number:
NU*233479.0001
Catalog number:
NU 62181
Accession number:
233479
See more items in:
Armed Forces History: National Numismatic Collection
Data Source:
National Museum of American History, Kenneth E. Behring Center
Additional Online Media:

"La Tierra Nueva en Aztlán"

Title: "La Tierra Nueva en Aztlán"
view "La Tierra Nueva en Aztlán" digital asset: La Tierra Nueva en Aztlán
Artist:
Moya, Manuel
Physical Description:
cotton (overall material)
ink (overall material)
Measurements:
overall: 40.5 cm x 40 cm; 15 15/16 in x 15 3/4 in
average spatial: 18 in x 15 in; 45.72 cm x 38.1 cm
Object Name:
handkerchief
Place Made:
United States: New Mexico, Albuquerque
Date made:
1986
Description:
The evolving civil rights movement of the 1950s, 1960s, and 1970s revolutionized the consciousness of young people across the United States. As in African American communities, a new sense of mobilization spread among Mexican Americans. Many adopted a more political identity—chicano and chicana—and explored their history, which was omitted from school textbooks. The Chicano movement sought to remedy the injustices experienced by many Mexican Americans, from substandard education and housing to working conditions. Many symbols and ideas of the Chicano movement were taken from the pre-Hispanic past, especially Aztec history. Aztlán, the original homeland in the Aztec migration stories, has an important place in Chicano mythology. As a symbolic reclamation of their place in American history, Chicanos locate Aztlán in the Southwest United States, in the area conquered during the Mexican-American War. The image shown here, by Manuel Moya, is an ink drawing done on a handkerchief known as a paño. Paños are graphic art works drawn on handkerchiefs by Chicano prisoners in California, Texas, and the Southwest. Titled, La Tierra Nueva en Aztlán, or The New Land in Aztlán, combines the images of the Aztec past with a Pancho Villa-like figure from the Mexican Revolution.
Location:
Currently not on view
Subject:
Prisons
Latino
Civil Rights Movement
Native Americans
Cultures & Communities
Art
La Tierra Nueva en Aztlan
Mexican America
ID Number:
1991.0431.01
Catalog number:
1991.0431.01
Accession number:
1991.0431
See more items in:
Home and Community Life: Ethnic
Mexican America
Data Source:
National Museum of American History, Kenneth E. Behring Center

Anne Pearse Hocker negatives, photographs, and other materials, 1970-1973

view Anne Pearse Hocker negatives, photographs, and other materials, 1970-1973 digital asset number 1
Subject:
Banks, Dennis
Bellecourt, Clyde H (Clyde Howard) 1936-
Bellecourt, Vernon
Means, Russell 1939-
Aquash, Anna Mae 1945-1976
Black Elk, Wallace H
Frizzell, Kent 1929-
American Indian Movement
Physical description:
ca. 2200 photographic negatives : black and white ; 8 x 10 in. 35 mm
54 contact sheets : black and white
Type:
Black-and-white negatives
Collection descriptions
Contact sheets
Place:
Wounded Knee (S.D.)
Pine Ridge Indian Reservation (S.D.)
Pine Ridge (S.D.)
Date:
1970
1970-1973
Indian occupation, 1973
Notes:
Anne Pearce Hocker is a photojournalist who received her degree in journalism from the University of Kansas. Her photographs, whether purposefully or serendipitously, document some very important moments in the history of the American Indian Movement (AIM). As a journalism student, Hocker was scheduled to interview the area director of the BIA in Minneapolis in 1970 as part of an academic project, and ended up in the middle of the AIM siege of the building, which she captured in film. She also used this opportunity to develop contacts with AIM leaders Clyde Bellecourt and Dennis Banks. Her connection with Banks come in handy to her in 1973 during the Siege of Wounded Knee. Hocker snuck into the compound with a CBS news crew and was the only individual allowed to remain within the compound due to her acquaintance with Banks, who remembered her from Minneapolis. She had strategically arrived the evening before the standoff was supposed to end, but instead, after she had entered the compound, the standoff lasted another two weeks. She was the only photojournalist allowed to remain amongst the Native contingent during the final two weeks of the standoff. She returned to Wounded Knee in 1998 to revisit the site on its 25th anniversary, and documented the experience in the journal 'Native Americas' (Spring 1998 issue) with new photographs of some of the survivors of the event.
Summary:
The majority of Hocker's momentous negatives give eyewitness account to two weeks of both the mundane and brutal reality of daily life during the 1973 siege of Wounded Knee on the Pine Ridge Indian Reservation in Pine Ridge, South Dakota. The takeover of the town and the conflict between about 200 members of AIM (American Indian Movement, the Native American civil rights activist organization begun in the 1968) and the United States Marshals Service began on February 27 and lasted for 71 days, resulting in tragedy on both sides of the conflict. Members of AIM along with some local Oglala (Lakota) Sioux from the local reservation took over the town in protest against the United States Government's history of broken treaties with various Native groups, the poverty and maltreatment of Native populations, as well as in defiance against the corruption and paternalism within the local subsidiary of the BIA (Bureau of Indian Affairs). The siege finally came to an end on May 5 when members of AIM and the assistant attorney general for the Civil Division of the US Justice Department Harlington Wood Jr. settled on a ceasefire. Kent Frizzell served as Chief Government Negotiator in the capacity of Assistant Attorney General (Land and Natural Resources Division, U. S. Department of Justice) and later as Solicitor, U. S. Department of the Interior. Among those pictured both during and post-conflict are AIM activists Dennis Banks, Clyde and Vernon Bellecourt, Ted and Russell Means, Frank Clearwater, Wallace Black Elk and Anna Mae Pictou Aquash. A small number of negatives also document AIM's takeover of the BIA building and the AIM Powwow both in Minneapolis in 1970.
Topic:
Oglala Indians
Teton Indians
Indians of North America--Government relations
Oglala Indians--Government relations
History
Local number:
NMAI.AC.028
Restrictions:
Access is by appointment only, Monday - Friday, 9:30 am - 4:30 pm. Please contact the Archive Center to make an appointment
Data Source:
Smithsonian Institution National Museum of the American Indian Archives

Teriananda papers, 1972-1999

view Teriananda papers, 1972-1999 digital asset number 1
Creator:
Teriananda 1947-
Subject:
Peltier, Leonard
Physical description:
.83 linear feet (2 boxes)
Culture:
Navajo Indians
Hopi Indians
Type:
Letters
Collection descriptions
Reports
Clippings
Articles
Writings
Date:
1972
1972-1999
Notes:
Teriananda was born in Manhattan in 1947, where she grew up and has continued to live throughout her adult life. Teriananda's father, born in Brooklyn, became a financial officer and independent scholar; her mother, born in British Guiana (now Guyana), was a classical pianist who immigrated to the United States and later became an editorial assistant, working part-time during Teriananda's childhood. Her parents instilled in her a belief that she was "a citizen of the world." She studed ballet as a youngster, and as a teenager, immersed herself in the artistic and intellectual milieu of the Lower East Side and Greenwich Village. An improperly diagnosed back injury while she was a senior in high school resulted in severe back problems in the 1970s that have persisted throughout her life.
Teriananda became interested in indigenous struggles in the 1970s, following a "back crisis" that almost took her life yet proved to be psychically transformative. In seeking to know who she was, she realized she needed to know where she was, and this led her to ask who the original inhabitants of the continent were. She soon became involved in activist struggles for indigenous rights and worked with a number of Native American groups during the 1970s and 1980s, including the International Treaty Council's attempts to found the United Nations permanent Working Group on Indigenous People, support for Yvonne Wanrow and Leonard Peltier, the issue of uranium contamination from mining on Native American land, and the problem of the Joint Land Use Area near Big Mountain on the Hopi and Navajo reservations.
Teriananda also worked on issues surrounding the AIDS crisis after the death of several friends from the disease. She had become familiar with the possibilities of natural medicines, partly through contact with traditional Native teachers, and she became active promoting the benefits of nutritional, herbal and other natural therapies to sufferers of AIDS. As Teriananda's own health issues persisted and worsened, she turned to Tibetan Buddhism, and has devoted herself to artistic pursuits influenced by this spiritual path. Although she has cut back on her activism, due to health problems and family demands, Teriananda remains a committed political activist who stays informed of current issues and is determined to pass on the heritage of struggles for peace and justice to the next generation.
Summary:
This collection, from the 1970s to the 1990s, is comprised of published and unpublished writings by Teriananda, as well as letters, reports, newspaper and magazine articles, group newsletters, flyers and announcements of political events, and news releases. The issues represented here, including support work for "The Longest Walk" campaign for justice for Leonard Peltier and the Big Mountain relocation, are indicative of the concerns in parts of Indian country in the United States and elsewhere during these decades.
Series I, Writings (1978-1991) contains original writings by Teriananda, including an interview with Native American activist Bill Wahpepah, a report on the state of the natural world with an appendix of written materials Teriananda used to supplement the report, and a newsletter for the New York City Big Mountain Support group.
Series II, Political Activities (undated; 1972-1996) consists of a variety of writings over more than two decades, including newsletters, reports, flyers, newspaper and magazine articles, and news releases, all of it relating to the political activities with which Teriananda has been involved in support of indigenous peoples. These include support for Latin American indigenous struggles, rain forest initiatives, the Black Hills, Leonard Peltier, the Longest Walk, which was enacted to protest and lobby against eleven bills before Congress which Indians felt would alter treaties between the U.S. government and various Indian tribes, and issues surrounding the Navajo relocation from the Hopi-Navajo Joint Use Area around Big Mountain.
Cite as:
Teriananda papers, 1972-1999, National Museum of the American Indian Archives, Smithsonian Institution
Topic:
Indians of North America
Indians of Mexico
Indians of Central America
Indians of South America
Indians of North America--Land tenure
Indians of North America--Civil rights
Indians of North America--Relocation
AIDS (Disease)
Naturopathy
Traditional medicine
Local number:
NMAI.AC.009
Restrictions:
Researchers must contact the NMAI Archives for an appointment to access the collection. Contact information below
Data Source:
Smithsonian Institution National Museum of the American Indian Archives

Print

view Print digital asset number 1
Subject:
Chief Willie Seaweed (Willie Siwid [Siwiti]/Chief Hilamas/The One Able To Set Things Right/Smoky Top/Kwaxitola), Kwakwaka'wakw (Kwakiutl), 1873-1967
Donor:
William R. Heick, Non-Indian, b. 1916
Format:
Silver gelatin print
Dimensions:
8 x 10 in.
Culture/People:
Kwakwaka'wakw (Kwakiutl)
Place:
Blunden Harbor (Blondin Harbor); Mount Waddington Regional District; British Columbia; Canada
Site Name:
Blunden Harbor (Blondin Harbor)
Date Created:
1951
Collection History:
In addition to his work as a fine art photographer, William R. Heick worked for many years with the Anthropology Department of the University of California at Berkeley on a series of American Indian documentary films. This print acquired by MAI, possibly from Mr. Heick, circa 1979.
Description:
Outdoor portrait of Chief Willie Seaweed or Heyhlamas or The One Able To Set Things Right or Siwiti posed on a dock wearing a carved wooden hat (NMAI 238252.000), button blanket, cedar fiber hoop around his neck, and holding a rattle and a copper (Museum of Civilization #VII E 735). Fishing boat and equipment behind him, and a wooded shore in the background
Catalog Number:
P19648
See more items in:
Photographic Collections
Data Source:
National Museum of the American Indian

Jar

view Jar digital asset number 1
Artists/Makers:
Lela Gutierrez (Lela Naranjo Gutierrez), K'apovi (Santa Clara Pueblo), 1895-1966
Van Gutierrez (Evangelo Gutierrez), K'apovi (Santa Clara Pueblo), ca. 1870-1956
Donor:
Janet Nash Silver, Non-Indian, 1917-2009
Media/Materials:
Pottery, paint
Techniques:
Coiled/hand built, painted
Dimensions:
18 x 17.5 cm
Culture/People:
probably K'apovi (Santa Clara Pueblo) (attributed)
Object Type:
Containers and Vessels
Place:
Santa Clara Pueblo, Santa Clara Reservation; Rio Arriba County; New Mexico; USA (inferred)
Date Created:
1900-1930
Collection History:
Formerly in the collection of Dr. Jay B. Nash (1886-1965, a pioneer in the study of physical education and Chairman of the American Civil Liberties Union's Committee on Indian Civil Rights) and Gladys Nash (1892-1972); inherited by their daughter Janet Nash Silver (1917-2009) and donated to MAI in 1984.
Catalog Number:
25/1919
See more items in:
Modern and Contemporary Arts
Data Source:
National Museum of the American Indian
Additional Online Media:

Indians of North America The Seminole [published] 95.1.7 RV 1993

Creator:
Nevison, Henry Producer
Henry Nevison; Producer, Director
Marty Moss-Coane; Narration
Harold Boihem; Editor
Dana Palermo, Rick Scott; Audio
Andrew Schlessinger, John Gerbec, Dana Palermo; producers
Physical description:
31 min sound color video
Culture:
Seminole Indians
Indians of North America
Indians of North America Southern States
Type:
Projected media
Collection descriptions
Place:
Seminole
North America
disintigration
United States, Florida
Date:
1993
Summary:
Indians of North America Series: The Seminole. Edited film documents the history of the Seminole American Indians since the arrival of European settlers in Florida. Emphasis is placed on the creation of the Seminoles out of fragments of other tribes, the impact of expansionism and conflict with the U.S. government over land rights. Film addresses the war between the Seminoles and the U.S. government led by Florida governor and future president, Andrew Jackson, resulting in accession of Seminole land in Florida and the migration of many Seminoles to Oklahoma. Also explored are the influence of numerous government policies, treaties and laws involving the Seminole such as the 1887 Dawes Act, allotting land to individuals rather than to the tribe; the Indian Removal Act, forcing relocation of the Indian tribes westward, and educational policies such as forbidding Seminole school children to speak their tribal language. Other events impacting the Seminoles include the Civil War during which both sides rallied for Seminole support, the discovery of oil on Seminole territory in the 1920's, Indian recruitment during World War II, the establishment of Indian reservations. Footage sequences include: artist creating a sculpture; "chickees," Seminole houses with thatched roofs; the Green Corn Ceremony, where participants ingest herbal medicine to reinforce their bond with nature; black and white footage displaying cotton patchwork clothing designs for which the Seminoles are famous. interviews with elders and youths.
Topic:
Land--acquisition of
Land--as a source of wealth
Land--as property
Land--reclamation
Land--reservations
Settlement--patterns
Boundaries--territorial
Conflict
War--Civil War--World War II
Warfare--guerrilla
Territorial--boundaries--exploitation
Territory--annexed consolidation of
Government--activities--agencies, relief
Government--care of dependent ethnic groups
Government--education--public
Government--expeditions
Government--military
Government--policies
Government--constitutions
Military--armed forces
Military--posts--tactics
Education--curriculum
Education--teachers in--theories of
Education--attitudes toward
Spiritualism
Missions--religious
Nature--ideas about
Descent--matrilineal
Assimilation--of ethnic groups
Bands--migratory
Hunting--buffalo
Horses
Cattle
Exploring--expeditions
Ownership--individual--collective
Culture--accomodation--adaptation
Culture--change
Culture--continuity
Culture
Culture--ideals
Treaties--peace--capitulation
Oil--wells--discovery
Cotton--cultivation of
Cloth--woven
Local number:
HSFA 95.1.7 RV
Data Source:
Human Studies Film Archives

Address to the public of the Lake Mohonk Conference, ... in behalf of the civilization and legal protection of the Indians of the United States

Address of the Lake Mohonk Conference
Author:
Lake Mohonk Conference
Indian Rights Association
Physical description:
1 v. ; 23 cm
Type:
Periodicals
Date:
1883
Topic:
Government relations--Congresses
Call number:
E93.L19X
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries

Annual address to the public of the Lake Mohonk Conference, ... in behalf of the civilization and legal protection of the Indians of the United States

Address of the Lake Mohonk Conference
Author:
Lake Mohonk Conference
Indian Rights Association
Physical description:
1 v. ; 23 cm
Type:
Periodicals
Date:
1884
Topic:
Government relations--Congresses
Call number:
E93.L19X
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries

The White Eagles/Black Indians of New Orleans

Artist:
Marilyn Nance, born New York City 1953
Medium:
gelatin silver print
Dimensions:
sheet: 15 7/8 x 19 7/8 in. (40.4 x 50.4 cm.)
Type:
Photography-Photoprint
Date:
1980
Description:
Nance’s photography is about her spiritual realization that all African Americans are connected, in some way, to one another. In White Eagles/Black Indians of New Orleans, African Americans dress in costumes influenced by the ceremonial dress of Native Americans as part of Mardi-Gras, the annual pre-Lenten celebration in New Orleans. One theory suggests that this custom began as a tribute by African Americans to Native Americans for helping runaway slaves; another suggests that it is a way of celebrating similarities between two minority cultural groups.
African American Art: Harlem Renaissance, Civil Rights Era, and Beyond, 2012
Topic:
Figure group\male
Ethnic\African-American
Performing arts\music
Cityscape\Louisiana\New Orleans
Dress\costume\Indian costume
Ceremony\festival\New Orleans Jazz and Heritage Fest.
Credit Line:
Smithsonian American Art Museum, Museum purchase made possible by the Luisita L. and Franz H. Denghausen Endowment and the Smithsonian Institution Collections Acquisition Program
Object number:
1994.66.2
Copyright Credit Line:
© 1980, Marilyn Nance
See more items in:
Smithsonian American Art Museum Collection
Data Source:
Smithsonian American Art Museum

Robert Burnette photograph collection, circa 1910-1970

Collector:
Burnette, Robert 1926-1984
Photographer:
O'Neill Photo Co
Subject:
Kennedy, John F (John Fitzgerald) 1917-1963
Johnson, Lyndon B (Lyndon Baines) 1908-1973
McGovern, George S (George Stanley) 1922-2012
Udall, Stewart L
National Congress of American Indians
Physical description:
circa 149 copy negatives
Culture:
Dakota Indians
Indians of North America Great Plains
Type:
Archival materials
Collection descriptions
Date:
circa 1910-1970
Notes:
Robert Burnette (1926-1984) was an American Indian civil rights leader, Tribal Chair of the Rosebud Sioux, and Executive Secretary of the National Congress of American Indians. He is also the coauthor of The Road to Wounded Knee, published in 1974.
Summary:
Copies made from a photograph album compiled by Robert Burnett that appears to relate to three periods. A few photographs dated around 1910-1912 were likely received from Burnett's family and depict family members, ranchers, tipis, and people gathered for White River Frontier Days. Other photographs show Burnette and friends while he was in high school and then in the US Marine Corps during World War II. Many of the later photographs date around 1961-1964, when Burnette was Executive Secretary of the National Congress of American Indians; some of these depict Burnette and other American Indians with John F. Kennedy, Lyndon B. Johnson, George McGovern, and Stewart L. Udall.
Cite as:
Photo Lot 92-45, Robert Burnette photograph collection, National Anthropological Archives, Smithsonian Institution
Topic:
World War, 1939-1945
Local number:
NAA Photo Lot 92-45
Data Source:
National Anthropological Archives

Festival Recordings: El Bordo Stage: Guitarmaking Workshop: Border Stories: Paper Crafts Workshop [sound recording]

Creator:
Smithsonian Institution. Festival of American Folklife. Borderlands Program 1993 Washington, D.C
Performer:
Ramírez, Oscar 1944-
Strong, Arturo Carrillo 1930-
Bonaparte, Brad
Bernholz, Richard M. 1954-
Rogues, Maria G. Moroyoqui'd de
Physical description:
1 sound cassette : analog
Culture:
Mexicans
Indians of North America
Americans
Mohawk Indians
Type:
Musical sound recordings
Place:
United States
Washington (D.C.)
Durango
Mexico
Ciudad Juar̀ez (Durango, Mexico)
Texas
Arizona
New York
Tucson (Ariz.)
Presidio (Tex.)
Nogales (Nogales, Mexico)
Date:
1993
Topic:
Oral history
Storytelling
Musical instruments--Construction
Border patrols
Civil rights
Smuggling
Migrant workers
Borderlands
Paper flowers
Paper art
Local number:
FP-1993-CT-0094
FLP 89858
See more items in:
Smithsonian Folklife Festival records, 1967-2010 228797
Data Source:
Ralph Rinzler Folklife Archives and Collections

Festival Recording: Song Collecting [sound recording]

Creator:
Smithsonian Institution. Festival of American Folklife. Musics of Struggle Program 1990 Washington, D.C
Recorder:
Jerde, Christopher
Field worker:
Taylor, Lori Elaine
Performer:
Walden, Eleanore
Arora, Joanna
Metzger, Joseph
Schlozman, Sheri Lynn
Tupper, Robert R. Jr
Scott, Gudrun
Fitzgerald, D.B
Gebhardt, Andrew
Szymkowiak, Debora
Moloney, Mick 1944-
Stanley, Christopher
Hughes, Tom
Adams, Robert
Schatz, Dan
Johnson, J. J. 1924-
Johnson, Jimmy
Gubser, Mike
Normandy-Dolberg, Jean
Beer, Michael
Glassco, Bruce
Physical description:
1 sound cassette : analog
Culture:
Irish
Americans
Anglo-American
Type:
Musical sound recordings
Place:
United States
Washington
Washington (D.C.)
California
Kentucky
Louisiana
Maryland
Virginia
Date:
1990
Notes:
SC4
Topic:
Political ballads and songs
American Indian
Folksong revival
Novelty songs
Ballads
Guitar
Whistle
Festival of American Folklife
Civil rights
Local number:
FP-1990-CT-0113
Restrictions:
Restrictions on access
See more items in:
Smithsonian Folklife Festival records, 1967-2010 228797
Data Source:
Ralph Rinzler Folklife Archives and Collections

United States of America : human rights and American Indians / Amnesty International

Author:
Amnesty International
Amnesty International USA
Physical description:
46 p. : ill., maps ; 28 cm
Type:
Books
Place:
United States
Date:
1992
[1992]
Notes:
Cover title.
"November 1992."
"AI Index: AMR 51/31/92."
Topic:
Indians, Treatment of
Indian prisoners
Civil rights
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries

Nation to nation : treaties between the United States & American Indian Nations / general editor, Suzan Shown Harjo

Editor:
Harjo, Suzan Shown
Physical description:
xiii, 258 pages : illustrations (chiefly color) ; 26 cm
Type:
Treaties
Place:
United States
Date:
2014
Contents:
Introduction / Suzan Shown Harjo. -- American Indian land and American Empire : an interview with Philip J. Deloria / Suzan Shown Harjo -- Treaties with Native Nations : iconic historical relics or modern necessity? / Robert N. Clinton. -- Treaties as recognition of the nation-to-nation relationship / Matthew L.M. Fletcher -- Linking arms and brightening the chain : building relations through treaties / Richard W. Hill, Sr. -- The two-row wampum belt? / Mark G. Hirsch -- William Penn's treaty and the Shackamaxon elm tree / Arwen Nuttall -- Illegal state treaties / Mark G. Hirsch -- Unintended consequences : "Johnson v. M'Intosh" and Indian removal / Lindsay G. Robertson. -- Removal treaties : an interview with Carey N. Vicenti / Suzan Shown Harjo -- Avoiding removal : the Pokagon Band of Potawatomi Indians / Matthew L.M. Fletcher -- The Great Treaty Council at Horse Creek / Raymond J. DeMaillie. -- Language and world view at the Horse Creek Treaty / Arwen Nuttall -- "The Indians were the spoken word" : an interview with N. Scott Momaday / Suzan Shown Harjo -- Naal Tsoos Saní : the Navajo Treaty of 1868, nation building, and self-determination / Jennifer Nez Denetdale -- Treaties my ancestors made for me : a family treaty history / Suzan Shown Harjo -- The betrayal of "civilization" in United States-Native Nations diplomacy : Pawnee treaties and cultural genocide / James Riding In. -- American Indian scouts / Mark G. Hirsch -- "Civilization" and the Hupa flower dance ceremony / Lois J. Risling -- Rights guaranteed by solemn treaties. -- The game and fish were made for us : hunting and fishing rights in Native Nations' treaties / Hank Adams -- The anti-treaty movement in the Pacific Northwest and the Great Lakes / Suzan Shown Harjo -- River by river : treaty rights in Washington State : an interview with Susan Hvalsoe Komori / Suzan Shown Harjo -- "The fish helped to bring people together" : an interview with Zoltán Grossman / Suzan Shown Harjo -- Arthur Duhamel : treaty fisherman / Matthew L.M. Fletcher -- Rights we always had : an interview with Tina Kuckkahn / Suzan Shown Harjo -- From dislocation to self-determination : Native Nations and the United States in the twentieth-century. -- The treaty with the Lower Klamath, Upper Klamath, and Trinity River Indians-- and who we are today / Lois J. Risling -- Treaties and the United Nations declaration on the rights of indigenous peoples / Arwen Nuttall -- Modern treaties : an interview with Ben Nighthorse Campbell / Suzan Shown Harjo -- Treaties and contemporary American Indian cultures / W. Richard West, Jr
Summary:
"Nation to Nation explores the promises, diplomacy, and betrayals involved in treaties and treaty making between the United States government and Native nations. One side sought to own the riches of North America and the other struggled to hold on to traditional homelands and ways of life. The book reveals how the ideas of honor, fair dealings, good faith, rule of law, and peaceful relations between nations have been tested and challenged in historical and modern times. The book consistently demonstrates how and why centuries-old treaties remain living, relevant documents for both Natives and non-Natives in the 21st century"-- Provided by publisher.
"Approximately 368 treaties were negotiated and signed by U.S. commissioners and tribal leaders (and subsequently approved by the U.S. Senate) from 1777 to 1868. These treaties enshrine promises the U.S. government made to Indian people and recognize tribes as nations--a fact that distinguishes tribal citizens from other Americans, and supports contemporary Native assertions of tribal sovereignty and self-determination. Treaties are legally binding and still in effect. Beginning in the 1960s, Native activists invoked America's growing commitment to social justice to restore broken treaties. Today, the reassertion of treaty rights and tribal self-determination is evident in renewed tribal political, economic, and cultural strength, as well as in reinvigorated nation-to-nation relations with the United States"-- Provided by publisher.
Topic:
History
Legal status, laws, etc
Government relations
Treaty-making power--History
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries

Indian tribes : a continuing quest for survival : a report / of the United States Commission on Civil Rights

Author:
United States Commission on Civil Rights
Physical description:
xi, 192 p. : ill. ; 26 cm
Type:
Books
Date:
1981
Notes:
"June 1981."
Topic:
Civil rights
Legal status, laws, etc
Call number:
KF8210.C5 U52
KF8210.C5U52
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries

A statement of facts intended to show the imperative necessity for the extension of civil law over the Indian Territory and the reservations

Imperative necessity for the extension of civil law over the Indian Territory and the reservations
Physical description:
52 p. ; 24 cm
Type:
Books
Date:
188u
188-?]
Notes:
Caption title.
Topic:
Legal status, laws, etc
Civil rights
Indian reservations--Government policy
Call number:
KF8205 .S73 1880z
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries

Modify Your Search






or


Narrow By