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Drawing U.S. National Museum (NMNH) South Front and Surroundings

Author:
Hornblower & Marshall
Subject:
Hornblower & Marshall
Natural History Building
National Museum of Natural History (U.S.)
United States National Museum
Physical description:
Number of Images: 1; Color: Black and white; Size: 8w x 10h; Type of Image: Architecture; Medium: Photographic print
Type:
Photographic print
Architecture
Date:
c. 1906
Topic:
Architecture
Architecture--Drawings and plans
Architecture--Design and plans
Museum architecture
New Museums
Standard number:
SIA2009-2065
Restrictions:
No restrictions
Category:
Historic Images of the Smithsonian
Notes:
This print can be located in the Smithsonian Institution Archives Reading Room. The Drawing Control Number associated with this image is SO4/I033, Curator Number DC-58-A102. Reproduction Neg #: 75-12386.
Summary:
Architectural drawing of the south front of the United States National Museum, now known as the National Museum of Natural History, by J.C. Hornblower and J. R. Marshall. The image is titled "Rendering on South Front and Surroundings." The original is 21.00"h x 28.25"w.
Contained within:
Smithsonian Institution Archives, Record Unit 92, Box CGMC, Folder: Building Series 4, Items 1-125 NMNH
Contact information:
Institutional History Division, Smithsonian Archives, 600 Maryland Avenue, SW, Washington, D.C. 20024-2520, SIHistory@si.edu
Data Source:
Smithsonian Archives - History Div
Visitor Tag(s):

U.S. National Museum (NMNH) Preliminary Plans Block Print

Author:
Hornblower & Marshall
Subject:
Hornblower & Marshall
Natural History Building
National Museum of Natural History (U.S.)
United States National Museum
Physical description:
Number of Images: 1; Color: Black and white; Size: 8w x 10h; Type of Image: Architecture; Medium: Photographic print
Type:
Photographic print
Architecture
Date:
January 23, 1904
Topic:
Architecture
Architecture--Drawings and plans
Architecture--Design and plans
Museum architecture
New Museums
Site Plan
Standard number:
SIA2009-2064
Restrictions:
No restrictions
Category:
Historic Images of the Smithsonian
Notes:
This print can be located in the Smithsonian Institution Archives Reading Room. The Drawing Control Number associated with this image is SO4/I016, Curator Number N/A . Creator Drawing Number: H/M # 1. Reproduction Neg #: 89-12902.
Summary:
Print is of the original architectural site plan of the United States National Museum, now known as the National Museum of Natural History. Drawn in 1904 by J. C. Hornblower and J. R. Marshall, the image has an inscribed title of "USNM Preliminary Plans Block Plan." The original material is blueprint, and the original drawing is 32.75"h x 41.50"w. People associated with this drawing were Bernard R. Green, Superintendent of Construction for the new building.
Contained within:
Smithsonian Institution Archives, Record Unit 92, Box CGMC, Folder: Building Series 4, Items 1-125 NMNH
Contact information:
Institutional History Division, Smithsonian Archives, 600 Maryland Avenue, SW, Washington, D.C. 20024-2520, SIHistory@si.edu
Data Source:
Smithsonian Archives - History Div
Visitor Tag(s):

Hornblower & Marshall, Architects

Editor:
Peterson, Anne E
Subject:
Hornblower & Marshall
Natural History Building
Date:
1978
Topic:
Architecture
Buildings
Publisher:
Washington, D.C. The Preservation Press
Category:
Smithsonian Institution History Bibliography
Contained within:
(Book)
Contact information:
Institutional History Division, Smithsonian Institution Archives, 600 Maryland Avenue, S.W., Washington, D.C. 20024-2520, SIHistory@si.edu
Data Source:
Smithsonian Archives - History Div
Visitor Tag(s):

Hornblower & Marshall, architects / Anne E. Peterson

Author:
Peterson, Anne E
Subject:
Hornblower & Marshall
Physical description:
40 p. : ill. ; 27 cm
Type:
Books
Place:
United States
Date:
1978
19th century
20th century
Topic:
Architecture--History
Call number:
NA737.H62 P47X
NA737.H62P47X
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
Visitor Tag(s):

Architectural History of the National Museum of Natural History, 1904

Subject:
Rathbun, Richard 1852-1918
McKim, Charles Follen
Burnham, Daniel Hudson 1846-1912
Langley, S. P (Samuel Pierpont) 1834-1906
Park Improvement Commission of the District of Columbia, United States Congress (McMillan Commission)
Hornblower & Marshall
National Museum of Natural History (U.S.)
Hall of Mammals
Exhibits Modernization Program United States National Museum
United States National Museum
Dinosaur Hall (Exhibition)
Date:
1904-1911
Topic:
Eclecticism in architecture
Museum architecture
Architecture--Washington (D.C.)
Category:
Chronology of Smithsonian History
Notes:
Ewing, H., & Ballard, A. (2009). A guide to Smithsonian architecture. Washington: Smithsonian Books.
Summary:
The National Museum of Natural History was conceived under the McMillan Plan (The Report of the Senate Park Commission. The Improvement of the Park System of the District of Columbia) which proposed eliminating the Victorian landscape that made up Washington, DC, and returning it to the simple, Neoclassical style of a federal city.
The nearly one million square foot Beaux-Arts building was envisioned by the architectural firm Hornblower & Marshall, but Secretary Samuel P. Langley was consistently unhappy with the design. The construction was initially halted until architects Charles Follen McKim and Daniel Hudson Burnham intervened. McKim and Burnham turned the design into a more classical one, lowering the height of the dome and adding a massive columned portico that faced the Mall, and construction resumed. The final product was one of the first of its kind in Washington, and was used as a prototype for other Beaux-Arts buildings.
With architectural elements including a flat roof, arched windows, symmetrical granite facade, and domed rotunda, the Natural History museum became the second largest building in Washington, second to only the Capitol Building.
To compensate for the museum's ever expanding collection, two new wings were added in the early 1960s bringing the total square footage of the building to just under two million. In 1950, the name of the museum was changed from United States National Museum to National Museum of Natural History. The first exhibits modernization project began in the 1950s and continued into the 1960s. Major hall renovations began in 2003 with the Hall of Mammals, and is ongoing to today. In 2014 the Dinosaur Hall closed for a $48 million renovation, and is expected to reopen in 2019.
Contact information:
Institutional History Division, Smithsonian Institution Archives, 600 Maryland Avenue, SW, Washington, D.C. 20024-2520, SIHistory@si.edu
Data Source:
Smithsonian Archives - History Div
Visitor Tag(s):

Architectural History of the National Museum Building (Arts and Industries), 1879

Subject:
Schulze, Paul
Cluss, Adolph 1825-1905
Arts and Industries Building Rotunda
Arts and Industries Building North Hall
Arts and Industries Building West Hall
Arts and Industries Building Southwest Pavilion
Arts and Industries Building
Arts and Industries Building North Entrance
Arts and Industries Building Southeast Pavilion
Arts and Industries Building West Entrance
Arts and Industries Building Southwest Range
United States National Museum Dept. of Arts and Industries
Arts and Industries Building East Hall
South-East Range of the Arts and Industries Building
Arts and Industries Building Lecture Hall
Arts and Industries Building North Front
Board of Regents
National Trust for Historic Preservation
National Register of Historic Places
Hornblower & Marshall
National Museum of the American Indian (U.S.)
National Museum of History and Technology (U.S.)
National Museum of American History (U.S.) (NMAH)
National Air and Space Museum
Smithsonian American Art Museum
1876: A Centennial Exhibition (Exhibition) (1976: Washington, D.C.)
Place:
Washington (D.C.)
Date:
1879-ongoing
Topic:
Museum architecture
Museum buildings
Architecture, Gothic
Architecture--Conservation and restoration
Architecture, Victorian
Architecture--Washington (D.C.)
Gothic revival (Architecture)
Architecture, Neoclassical
Category:
Chronology of Smithsonian History
Notes:
Ewing, H., & Ballard, A. (2009). A guide to Smithsonian architecture. Washington: Smithsonian Books.
Summary:
Initial construction began on the National Museum in 1879. The idea for the first ever building to house the U.S. National Museum came out of the extreme overcrowding at the Smithsonian Institution Building (Castle). Smithsonian scientists and curators had been collecting items to display at the Philadelphia Centennial Exhibit of 1876, in addition to their other collections. Following the fair, the Smithsonian suddenly had too many objects and nowhere to store or display them, so Congress was petitioned and the funds for the new building were made available. The building was erected with the latest fireproof technologies, and was completed in less than two years. It opened in 1881.
Prominent architects Adolf Cluss (1825-1905) and Paul Schulze (1827-1897) were chosen to design the new museum building. From 1862-1876 Cluss had either designed or oversaw all of the public buildings built in Washington, DC.
The design for the National Museum Building got its inspiration from many different architectural styles, and doesn't fit perfectly in to any one style. The building's symmetrical, modular shape was inspired by writings of architect J.N.L. Durand (1760-1834), who was an important figure in the Neoclassical architecture movement. Each modular unit is built on to the central unit, thus maintaining its own identity. The building has four entrances, one in the center of each side of the building, each with its own set of symmetrical towers. In fact, the building is identical on all four sides. In the very center sits a domed rotunda, and there are four pavilions, one on each corner of the building, inspired by the popular buildings of the Philadelphia Centennial Exhibition of 1876.
The official architectural style of the Arts and Industries Building is High Victorian, which is considered to be a sub-style of Gothic Revival. Elements of High Victorian style include the building's polychromatic fac╠žade and varying textures. The building possesses Gothic style elements including arched windows and doorways, as well as several square towers.
With the continued growth of the Smithsonian, the collection had once again outgrown the building within just a few years. From 1897 to 1902, mezzanine balconies were installed in the four corner courts, designed by local architects Hornblower and Marshall in Beaux-Arts style. This was only a temporary fix. When the National Museum of Natural History opened in 1911, all of the natural history collections were transferred there. The building was renamed Arts and Industries, and only industry, technology, and American history collections remained.
Arts and Industries Building has served as a temporary space for many exhibitions for future museums including the National Museum of Natural History, Smithsonian American Art Museum, National Museum of History and Technology (now National Museum of American History), and National Air and Space Museum, and the National Museum of the American Indian. A major renovation took place in the 1970s to add more office space and update the building. It continued to house specialty exhibits until 2004 when it was closed indefinitely due to structural damage. The building is one of the most endangered historic sites in America according to the National Trust for Historic Preservation. Smithsonian anticipates that the current renovation will be complete in the fall of 2015.
Contact information:
Institutional History Division, Smithsonian Institution Archives, 600 Maryland Avenue, SW, Washington, D.C. 20024-2520, SIHistory@si.edu
Data Source:
Smithsonian Archives - History Div
Visitor Tag(s):

Catalogue of the Hornblower and Marshall Drawings for the National Museum of Natural History

Author:
Kent, Phillip
Subject:
National Museum of Natural History (U.S.)
United States National Museum
Hornblower & Marshall
Natural History Building
Date:
August 1989
Topic:
Architecture
Exhibition catalogs
Buildings
Building
Biography
Publisher:
Smithsonian Institution, Office of Architectural History and Historic Preservation
Category:
Smithsonian Institution History Bibliography
Notes:
Copies in the Office of Architectural History and Historic Preservation and the Smithsonian Institution Archives. This is not a comprehensive guide to all the Hornblower and Marshall drawings (SIA has additional drawings); Susan Lehman made a comprehensive list in 1974.
Summary:
Thorough, detailed guide to the 355 drawings held in the Office of Design and Construction at the Smithsonian Institution. The catalogue is prefaced by a 12 page history, "The Firm of Hornblower and Marshall and their drawings for the National Museum of Natural History," and also includes a biographical directory to the individual initials in the catalogue.
Contained within:
(Manuscript)
Contact information:
Institutional History Division, Smithsonian Institution Archives, 600 Maryland Avenue, S.W., Washington, D.C. 20024-2520, SIHistory@si.edu
Data Source:
Smithsonian Archives - History Div
Visitor Tag(s):

Elephant House, NZP

Author:
Unknown
Subject:
National Zoological Park (U.S.)
Hornblower & Marshall
Physical description:
Color: Black and White; Size: 10w x 8h; Type of Image: Architectural; Medium: Photographic print
Type:
Photographic print
Architecture
Date:
Unknown, 1903 or later
Topic:
National Zoological Park (U.S.)--Elephant House
Zoos
Elephants
Animals
Standard number:
15530 or MAH-15530
Restrictions:
No restrictions
Category:
Historic Images of the Smithsonian
Summary:
The brick Elephant House designed by Hornblower and Marshall replaced the first "temporary" shed for the elephants, which was known as the Octagonal Barn. Construction of this brick house began in September of 1902 and was completed in January of 1903. The elephants were put in the house on March 12, 1903, according to the Annual Report.
Contained within:
Smithsonian Institution Archives, Record Unit 95, Box 35, Folder: 10
Contact information:
Institutional History Division, Smithsonian Institution Archives, 600 Maryland Avenue, S.W., Washington, D.C. 20024-2520, SIHistory@si.edu
Data Source:
Smithsonian Archives - History Div
Visitor Tag(s):

Elephant House, NZP

Author:
Unknown
Subject:
National Zoological Park (U.S.)
Hornblower & Marshall
Physical description:
Color: Black and White; Size: 10w x 8h; Type of Image: Architectural; Medium: Photographic print
Type:
Photographic print
Architecture
Date:
Unknown, 1903 or later
Topic:
National Zoological Park (U.S.)--Elephant House
Zoos
Animals
Elephants
Standard number:
15434 or MAH-15434
Restrictions:
No restrictions
Category:
Historic Images of the Smithsonian
Summary:
The brick Elephant House designed by Hornblower and Marshall replaced the first "temporary" shed for the elephants, which was known as the Octagonal Barn. Construction of this brick house began in September of 1902 and was completed in January of 1903. The elephants were put in the house on March 12, 1903, according to the Annual Report. In this photograph there is an elephant in his outdoor enclosure.
Contained within:
Smithsonian Institution Archives, Record Unit 95, Box 35, Folder: 10
Contact information:
Institutional History Division, Smithsonian Institution Archives, 600 Maryland Avenue, S.W., Washington, D.C. 20024-2520, SIHistory@si.edu
Data Source:
Smithsonian Archives - History Div
Visitor Tag(s):

Elephant House, National Zoo

Author:
Unknown
Subject:
National Zoological Park (U.S.)
National Zoological Park (U.S.) Buildings
National Zoological Park (U.S.) Early History
Hornblower & Marshall
Physical description:
Color: Cyano type; Size: 8w x 6 1/2h; Type of Image: Architectural; Medium: Photographic print
Type:
Photographic print
Architecture
Date:
1903
Topic:
National Zoological Park (U.S.)--Elephant House
Famous Zoo Animals
Museum visitors
Zoos
Elephants
Standard number:
2002-10618
Restrictions:
No restrictions
Category:
Historic Images of the Smithsonian
Notes:
Original negative number is 2022, but that negative has been lost. AR 1903: 65-67, includes photo.
Summary:
The brick Elephant House designed by Hornblower and Marshall replaced the first "temporary" shed for the elephants, which was known as the Octagonal Barn. This brick house was begun in September of 1902, completed in January of 1903, and according to the Annual Report, the elephant was put in the house on March 12, 1903.
Contained within:
Smithsonian Institution Archives, Record Unit 95, Box 35, Folder: 10
Contact information:
Institutional History Division, Smithsonian Institution Archives, 600 Maryland Avenue, S.W., Washington, D.C. 20024-2520, SIHistory@si.edu
Data Source:
Smithsonian Archives - History Div
Visitor Tag(s):

Elephant House with Elephant Walking in the Yard, NZP,1903

Author:
Unknown
Subject:
National Zoological Park (U.S.)
Hornblower & Marshall
Physical description:
Color: Black and White; Size: 10w x 8h; Type of Image: Architectural; Animal, candid; Medium: Photographic print
Type:
Exterior
Photographic print
Architecture
Animal, candid
Date:
1903
Topic:
National Zoological Park (U.S.)--Elephant House
Zoos
Animals
Elephants
Outside enclosures
Animal cages
Standard number:
15533 or MAH-15533
Restrictions:
No restrictions
Category:
Historic Images of the Smithsonian
Summary:
Photograph of the brick Elephant House designed by Hornblower and Marshall for the National Zoological Park. Construction on the building began in September of 1902 and was completed in January of 1903. According to the Annual Report, the elephants were moved into the house on March 12, 1903. A hastily erected shed called the Octagonal Barn had been used by the elephants, some of the first animals at the Zoo. In 1891 the Adams-Forepaugh Shows, a locally based circus that wintered its animals at the Zoo, gave two elephants, Dunk and Gold Dust, who were ceremoniously led up Connecticut Avenue to their quarters. The Barn was used until 1903 when the animals were afforded more permanent accommodations. Secretary Samuel P. Langley (1887-1906) had earlier solicited designs from numerous architects for an elephant house but none were satisfactory. In 1936 Works Progress Administration funds provided for the first moated exhibit, the current Pachyderm House.
Contained within:
Smithsonian Institution Archives, Record Unit 95, Box 47, Folder: 13
Contact information:
Institutional History Division, Smithsonian Institution Archives, 600 Maryland Avenue, S.W., Washington, D.C. 20024-2520, SIHistory@si.edu
Data Source:
Smithsonian Archives - History Div
Visitor Tag(s):

North Entrance to the U.S. National Museum Building

Author:
Unknown
Subject:
United States National Museum
Arts and Industries Building
Hornblower & Marshall
Arts and Industries Building North Entrance
Physical description:
Number of Images: 1; Color: Black and white; Size: 8w x 10h; Type of Image: Exterior; Medium: Photographic print
Type:
Photographic print
Exterior
Place:
Washington (D.C.)
Date:
c. 1900
Topic:
Museum visitors
Museums
Standard number:
SIA2008-2450 and SA-1287
Category:
Historic Images of the Smithsonian
Summary:
The north front of the United States National Museum, now the Arts and Industries Building, faces the Mall. The north entrance has doors designed by Hornblower and Marshall which were installed between 1902-1907. A man stands to the right at the entrance.
Contained within:
Smithsonian Institution Archives, Record Unit 95, Box 32, Folder 9
Contact information:
Institutional History Division, Smithsonian Institution Archives, 600 Maryland Avenue, S.W., Washington, D.C. 20024-2520, SIHistory@si.edu
Data Source:
Smithsonian Archives - History Div
Visitor Tag(s):

North Entrance to the U.S. National Museum Building

Author:
Unknown
Subject:
United States National Museum
Arts and Industries Building
Hornblower & Marshall
Arts and Industries Building North Entrance
Physical description:
Number of Images: 1; Color: Black and white; Size: 8w x 10h; Type of Image: Exterior; Medium: Photographic print
Type:
Photographic print
Exterior
Place:
Washington (D.C.)
Date:
c. 1900
Topic:
Museum visitors
Museums
Standard number:
SIA2008-2451 and SA-1288
Category:
Historic Images of the Smithsonian
Summary:
The north front of the United States National Museum, now the Arts and Industries Building, faces the Mall. The north entrance has the Hornblower and Marshall designed doors which were installed between 1902-1907. A man stands to the right of the entrance.
Contained within:
Smithsonian Institution Archives, Record Unit 95, Box 32, Folder 9
Contact information:
Institutional History Division, Smithsonian Institution Archives, 600 Maryland Avenue, S.W., Washington, D.C. 20024-2520, SIHistory@si.edu
Data Source:
Smithsonian Archives - History Div
Visitor Tag(s):

Regents' Room, Smithsonian Institution Building, with Smithson exhibit

Author:
Unknown
Subject:
Smithson, James 1765-1829
Hornblower & Marshall
Smithsonian Institution Building Regents' Room
Smithsonian Institution Building (Washington, D.C.)
Physical description:
Color: Black and White; Size: 10w x 8h; Type of Image: Interior; Medium: Photographic print
Type:
Photographic print
Interior
Date:
c. 1905-1912
Topic:
Furniture
Exhibition, James Smithson memorabilia
Exhibitions
Standard number:
2003-19562
Restrictions:
No restrictions
Category:
Historic Images of the Smithsonian
Summary:
The "old" South Tower Regents' Room in the Smithsonian Institution Building with an exhibit of James Smithson memorabilia in cases along the wall. A large table is in the room. The fireplace was designed by Hornblower and Marshall.
Contained within:
Smithsonian Institution Archives, Record Unit 562, Box 1, Folder Photographs - Interior of SIB
Contact information:
Institutional History Division, Smithsonian Institution Archives, 600 Maryland Avenue, S.W., Washington, D.C. 20024-2520, SIHistory@si.edu
Data Source:
Smithsonian Archives - History Div
Visitor Tag(s):

Architectural Drawing for Proposed U.S. National Museum

Author:
Unknown
Subject:
National Museum of Natural History (U.S.)
United States National Museum
Natural History Building
Hornblower & Marshall
Physical description:
Color: Black and White; Size: 10w x 8h; Type of Image: Architectural; Medium: Photographic print
Type:
Photographic print
Exterior
Architectural drawings
Date:
1904
Topic:
Architecture--Design and plans
New Museums
Standard number:
19089 or AI-19089
Restrictions:
No restrictions
Category:
Historic Images of the Smithsonian
Summary:
Preliminary exterior elevation drawing by Architects Hornblower and Marshall for the new United States National Museum Building, now the National Museum of Natural History. This conceptual drawing has a higher central dome and more ornate entrance way.
Contained within:
Smithsonian Institution Archives, Record Unit 95, Box 33, Folder: 1
Contact information:
Institutional History Division, Smithsonian Institution Archives, 600 Maryland Avenue, S.W., Washington, D.C. 20024-2520, SIHistory@si.edu
Data Source:
Smithsonian Archives - History Div
Visitor Tag(s):

Preliminary Design for Natural History Building

Author:
Unknown
Subject:
National Museum of Natural History (U.S.)
United States National Museum
Natural History Building
Hornblower & Marshall
Physical description:
Color: Black and White; Size: 8w x 10h; Type of Image: Architectural; Medium: Photographic print
Type:
Photographic print
Architecture
Date:
1901
Topic:
Architecture--Design and plans
New Museums
Standard number:
19091 or AI-19091
Restrictions:
No restrictions
Category:
Historic Images of the Smithsonian
Summary:
Preliminary design by Architects Hornblower and Marshall for the new United States National Museum Building, now the National Museum of Natural History. The image shows a floor plan, section and elevation.
Contained within:
Smithsonian Institution Archives, Record Unit 95, Box 33, Folder: 1
Contact information:
Institutional History Division, Smithsonian Institution Archives, 600 Maryland Avenue, S.W., Washington, D.C. 20024-2520, SIHistory@si.edu
Data Source:
Smithsonian Archives - History Div
Visitor Tag(s):

National Museum of Natural History, circa 1905

Creator:
Hornblower & Marshall
Subject:
National Museum of Natural History Building (Washington, D.C.)
Physical description:
7 x 26.5 Exterior Elevation 89-8548 Photograph; Planning/Facade; Conceptual/Architectural/Presentation
Type:
Architectural drawings
Date:
1905
circa 1905
Local number:
SIA RU000092 [S04/I118]
Notes:
A. Wetmore, "RETURN TO"
Cite as:
RU 92 - Smithsonian Institution, Prints and Drawings, 1840- , Smithsonian Institution Archives
See more items in:
Prints and Drawings 1840- [Smithsonian Institution]
Data Source:
Smithsonian Institution Archives
Visitor Tag(s):

National Museum of Natural History, 10/14/1907

Creator:
Hornblower & Marshall
Subject:
National Museum of Natural History Building (Washington, D.C.)
Physical description:
54.5 x 31 First Floor Plan, Scale: 1/8"=1' 90-16663 Ink Pen on Tracing Cloth; Metalwork/Utility/Lines; Construction/Mechanical
Type:
Architectural drawings
Date:
1907
10/14/1907
Local number:
SIA RU000092 [S04/I364]
Notes:
Bernard R. Green, Superintendent of Construction
S. H. Woodbridge, Engineer
E.S.W., Draftsman
Summary:
Heating: Basement.
Cite as:
RU 92 - Smithsonian Institution, Prints and Drawings, 1840- , Smithsonian Institution Archives
See more items in:
Prints and Drawings 1840- [Smithsonian Institution]
Data Source:
Smithsonian Institution Archives
Visitor Tag(s):

Beaux-Arts on the Mall

Author:
Herndon, Michael C
Subject:
National Museum of Natural History (U.S.)
Hornblower & Marshall
Physical description:
pgs. 4 & 5
Place:
Washington (D.C.)
Date:
Spring 1995
Topic:
Architectural firms
Architecture--Design and plans
Architecture
Museum buildings
Publisher:
Washington, DC Smithsonian Institution, Office of Architectural History & Historic Preservation
Category:
Smithsonian Institution History Bibliography
Notes:
Article includes 3 sketches of various plans for the National Museum of Natural History.
Summary:
Article discusses the architectural style of the Smithsonian Institution's National Museum of Natural History. Designed by the architectural firm of Hornblower and Marshall, the museum was constructed during the 1904-1911 period in the "Beaux-Arts" style, referring to a design process based on flow and balance taught by a Parisian design school established in 1819. According to the author, the building is termed "Beaux-Arts," but the design was actually subdued to correspond with American tastes.
Contained within:
Smithsonian Preservation Quarterly (Newsletter)
Contact information:
Institutional History Division, Smithsonian Institution Archives, 600 Maryland Avenue, S.W., Washington, D.C. 20024-2520, SIHistory@si.edu
Data Source:
Smithsonian Archives - History Div
Visitor Tag(s):

Mammal Hall, U.S. National Museum

Author:
Unknown
Subject:
Hornaday, William Temple 1854-1937
Arts and Industries Building
Hornblower & Marshall
United States National Museum
Physical description:
Color: Black and White; Size: 10w x 8h and oversize; Type of Image: Exhibit; Medium: Photographic print
Type:
Photographic print
Exhibit
Date:
1902
Topic:
American bison
Interiors
Mammal Hall
National Collections
South Hall of the United States National Museum
Specimens
Buffalo
Exhibitions
Rotundas
Mammals
Taxidermy
Balconies
Standard number:
2004-10370
Restrictions:
No restrictions
Category:
Historic Images of the Smithsonian
Notes:
There are several similar views of this image.
The original negative numbers are 16247, 16846 and 18940, but those negatives could not be found on file. The original photograph was re-scanned and given new negative and digital file numbers.
Summary:
Mammal Hall with bison mounted by William Temple Hornaday in 1887 in the foreground of the South Hall of the United States National Museum (now the Arts and Industries Building). Signs label mammals as "Old World Mammals" and "American Mammals." Photograph shows the galleries constructed by Hornblower and Marshall between 1897 and 1903. Adolph Cluss' stencil in the rotunda has been painted out, presumably in preparation for Grace Lincoln Temple's design, which was completed in 1902.
Contained within:
Smithsonian Institution Archives, Record Unit 95, Box 43, Folder 1, and Record Unit 95, Box 50, Folder 11
Contact information:
Institutional History Division, Smithsonian Institution Archives, 600 Maryland Avenue, S.W., Washington, D.C. 20024-2520, SIHistory@si.edu
Data Source:
Smithsonian Archives - History Div
Visitor Tag(s):

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