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Johann Wolfgang von Goethe, (sculpture)

Hahn, Hermann 1868-1942/45
Royal Foundry
Goethe, Johann Wolfgang von
Sculpture: bronze; Base: stone
Sculptures-Outdoor Sculpture
Administered by Chicago Park District Preservation Planning Division 425 East McFetridge Drive Chicago Illinois 60605
Located Lincoln Park Southeast corner of Diversey Parkway and North Sheridan Road Chicago Illinois
1913. Dedicated June 16, 1914
Save Outdoor Sculpture, Illinois, Chicago survey, 1992.
National Park Service, American Monuments and Outdoor Sculpture Database, IL5040, 1989.
Index of American Sculpture, University of Delaware, 1985.
Bach, Ira J., and Mary Lackritz Gray, "A Guide to Chicago's Public Sculpture, Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 1983, pg. 152-153.
Riedy, James L., "Chicago Sculpture," Chicago: University of Illinois Press, 1981, pg. 193-195.
Monumental News, Feb. 1910; Oct. 1913.
SOS Conservation Treatment Award, 1998.
An idealized youthful godlike figure of heroic proportions stands on a square base with his proper right leg raised and resting on a stone. He is nude except for a cape that sweeps around to cover his raised knee. His proper right hand rests on his hip. An eagle is perched on his proper right knee. The eagle may be a symbol for the German Nation. There is also a low wall behind the statue that displays a relief portrait of great German poet, Goethe, and a quotation in both German and English from his drama "Faust."
Figure male--Full length
Figure male--Nude
Portrait male--Head
Control number:
IAS 75004294
Data Source:
Art Inventories Catalog, Smithsonian American Art Museums

Illinois - Chicago - "Joham Wolfgang van Goethe," Herman Hahn, 1999-2004

Collection Creator:
Heritage Preservation (Organization)
Archival materials
Collection Citation:
Smithsonian Institution Archives, Accession 15-306, Heritage Preservation (Organization), Records
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Archival Repository:
Smithsonian Institution Archives

Hidegard Korf Kallmann-Bilj collection

view Hidegard Korf Kallmann-Bilj collection digital asset: Hidegard Korf Kallmann-Bilj collection
Kallmann-Bijl, Hildegard Korf, Dr., 1908-1968.
Project RAND
Rand Corporation
2.8 cubic feet (7 boxes)
Archival materials
Collection descriptions
bulk 1949-1968
This collection consists of Kallmann-Bijl's professional files, The material consists of correspondence, photographs, and newspaper and magazine articles, as well as research files covering her professional career (1949-68). The collection also includes copies of a number of Kallmann-Bijl's publications.
Scope and Content Note:
The collection contains copies of published and unpublished technical papers written by Dr. Kallmann-Bijl and other scientists dealing with the atmosphere and space exploration. There are also correspondence, awards, handwritten notes, calculations, newspaper articles, photographs, negatives and two slides. In addition, there is some material regarding Dr. Kallmann-Bijl's involvement with various professional organizations such as the Committee on Space Research (COSPAR) and the National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA). This material includes copies of technical papers, programs and proceedings from these organizations.
The collection is arranged as follows:

Series 1

Dr. Kallman-Bijl's personal papers

Biographical information

Series 2

Technical papers written by other scholars

Technical papers by unknown authors

Series 3


Series 4

Miscellaneous materials
Biographical Note:
Dr. Hildegard Gertrud Helen Korf Kallmann-Bijl (1908-1968) was one of the most active pioneers in her examination of the physics of high atmosphere for the flight calculations of satellites. Before the first satellite reached its orbit, she had calculated a theoretical extrapolation of a model of the atmosphere which gave physicists a whole year's lead. The lifespan of the satellite could be predicted with the "Kallmann Atmosphere." Dr. Kallmann then made satellite measurements in relation to this atmospheric model, again to perfection. In 1961, she published a paper on the International Reference Atmosphere. With this foundation, she was able to forecast the landing spot with accurate precision for the astronauts and cosmonauts.

Hildegard Korf was born on September 18, 1908 in Gelsenkirchen, Germany. She was raised in the Catholic faith and educated in Catholic boarding schools. By 1929, Ms. Korf had earned the equivalent of her bachelor's degree at the University of Berlin, in Philosophy. She then enrolled in classes at the Technische Hoch Schule and majored in Metallurgy. While attending school, Ms. Korf volunteered her free time to work for the Journalism Institute at the University of Berlin where she gained experience in the editorial business. She later worked three years as an editor for the Deutscher Press Publishers.

While at the university, Hildegard Korf became friends with Julie Braun. It was she who developed in Ms. Korf a sensitivity for Goethe and the worlds of science and art. However, Julie Braun was forced to leave Germany because of her Jewish faith. The Korfs were not persecuted because they were considered three quarters "Aryan" and one quarter "non-Aryan," but by the 1930's the Korfs were not allowed full political freedom. Julie Braun left her estate in Zehlendorf in the care of Ms. Korf and her attorney, Curt Kallmann. There was little Curt Kallmann could do to protect Julie's property because he too was Jewish. One evening in 1939, Kallmann called Hildegard Korf and told her that the Gestapo was on their way to arrest him. With the help of Dr. Benno Hahn, Ms. Korf was able to get herself and Curt Kallmann out of Germany and on their way to Sweden. The Dresden Zeiss Works, where Ms. Korf had worked since 1936, asked her to return and "guaranteed" that no action would be taken against her, but Hildegard Korf felt that she had burned her bridge behind her and never went back to Germany. Kallman suffered a nervous breakdown while in Sweden, and since he was unable to travel alone to the United States, the American Council suggested to Ms. Korf that she travel as his wife. Because of laws existing then, it took an intervention of a Catholic Bishop in Sweden to bring about their marriage. They made the journey to America and their marriage lasted until 1958. Dr. Hildegard Kallmann divorced Curt Kallman but continued to support him until her death.

Dr. Hildegard Kallmann later married Jan Bijl, a Dutchman who had spent several years in a German concentration camp for acting as a Dutch courier while in exile in London. At the time of their marriage, Bijl was the Vice-President of Fokker Aviation at Shiphol near Amsterdam. Unfortunately, Jan Bijl died on December 9, 1963. Dr. Hildegard Kallmann-Bijl died suddenly of a heart attack on November 7, 1968.

Between the years of 1949-1963, Dr. Kallmann-Bijl published approximately 35 papers on ionospheric research, meteor research, high altitude research, solid propellant research, national space research and international space research. Dr. Kallmann-Bijl will always be remembered for her contributions in early astrophysical studies at national and international laboratories.
Frank Korf, gift, 1989, 1989-0042
No restrictions on access
See more items in:
Hidegard Korf Kallmann-Bilj collection
Archival Repository:
National Air and Space Museum Archives
Additional Online Media:

Festschrift zur Jahrhundertfeier des Physikalischen Vereins dargeboten von den dozenten seiner Institute

Physikalischer Verein (Frankfurt am Main, Germany)
Physical description:
159 p. : ill. ; 28 cm
5. F. Hahn: Über den nachweis Kleinster stoffmengen bei grösster verdünnung. 6. E. Speyer: Beiträge zum nachweis einer aliphatischen Doppelbindung im Kodein.--IV. Institut für angewandte Physik (1889) C. Déguisne: Brükenmessungen mit dem "Phasenschlitten".--V. Institut für Meteorologie und Geophysik (1906) F. Linke: Die Abhängigkeit der luftdichte von der Meereshöhe.--VI. Astronomisches Institut und sternwarte (1907) M. Brendel: Unsere Kenntnisse von der Natur und den Bewegungen der dunklen Himmelskörper.--VII. Institut für physikalische Chemie und Metallurgie (1910) 1. R. Lorenz: Die Gesetze der idealen gase und die Thermodynamik. 2. W. Fraenkel: Zur Kenntnis der gleichgewichte bei der reduktion von metalloxyden durch kohlenoxyd.--VIII. Institut für theoretische Physik (1914) E. Madelung: Über die Verwendung der Vektor-und tensoranalysis in der Theorie des Kreisels.
I. Allgemeines. 1. Die Entwicklung des Physikalischen Vereins. 2. P. Epstein: Goethe und die exakten Naturwissenschaften.--II Physikalisches Institut (1824) 1. R. Wachsmuth: Der elektrodenlose Ringstrom bei gedämpfter und ungedämpfter Erregung. 2. M. Seddig: Stereoskopische Projektions-diagpositive mittels Zweifarbenplatte. 3. W. Gerlach: Über neue spektrograpische Absorptionsmethoden.--III. Chemisches Institut (1835) 1. J. v. Braun: Zur kenntnis des kodeins. 2. A. Sieverts (gemeinsam mit Ernst Roell): Zirkonium und Wassestoff. 3. B. Helferich: Synthetische Probleme der Zuckergruppe. 4. F. Mayer: Über die Verwendung von tetralinabkömmlingen als Farbstoffkomponenten
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries

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