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Field notes made by Marsh on the Smithsonian Biological Survey of the Panama Canal Zone, 1912

Collection name:
United States National Museum Collected Manuscripts, Correspondence, Drawings, Photographs, and Notes on Invertebrate Zoology, 1871-1951 and undated
Physical Description:
1 field book
Physical Location:
Smithsonian Institution Archives
Sublocation:
Box 3A Folder 12
Record type:
Fieldbook record
Object Type:
Field notes
Place:
Panama
Canal Zone
Rio Grande
Trinidad, Río
Chilibre, Río
Date Range:
1912
Start Date:
1912
End Date:
1912
Abstract:
These are the field notes of Charles Dwight Marsh from the Smithsonian Biological Survey of the Panama Canal Zone, 1912. Also includes letter from John R. Downes to Marsh (February 12, 1912). Includes a transcript. The notebook is on plankton; algae sampling is ordered by specimen number with varying degrees of description. Usually includes type, location, and date. Sometimes includes description of vegetation in collecting environment, type of body of water, and method of storage. Locations in Panama include Catun Lake, Trinidad River, Chilibre River, and Rio Grande.
Topic:
Plankton
Algae
Invertebrates
Accession #:
SIA RU007260
Access Information:
Many of SIA's holdings are located off-site, and advance notice is recommended to consult a collection. Please email the SIA Reference Team at osiaref@si.edu.
See more records from this collection:
United States National Museum Collected Manuscripts, Correspondence, Drawings, Photographs, and Notes on Invertebrate Zoology, 1871-1951 and undated
See more records associated with this person:
Marsh, C. Dwight (Charles Dwight)
See more records associated with this expedition:
Biological Survey of the Panama Canal Zone (1910-1912)
Data Source:
Smithsonian Field Book Project

Panama Bay, 1923-1924

view Panama Bay, 1923-1924 digital asset number 1
Author:
Hitchcock, A. S (Albert Spear) 1865-1935
Subject:
Panama Canal Zone
Biological Survey of the Panama Canal Zone, 1923-1924
Smithsonian Tropical Research Institute (STRI)
Washington Hotel
Physical description:
Number of Images: 1 Color: Black and White ; Size: 5.9w x 3.6h ; Type of Image: Landscape ; Medium: Photographic print
Type:
Panama
Photographic print
Landscape
Place:
Panama
Colón (Panama)
Panama, Bay of (Panama)
Barro Colorado Nature Monument (Panama)
Date:
1923-1924
Category:
Historic Images of the Smithsonian
Notes:
The negative number #1101 is Hitchcock's negative number. The original photograph is located in Hitchcock's travel album.
Summary:
A view of Panama Bay in Colón, Panama. The image was taken from the front of the Hotel Washington. Palm trees can be seen lining the shoreline.
The image was taken by Albert Spear Hitchcock, botanist with the United States Department of Agriculture and honorary curator of the Smithsonian's United States National Herbarium while on the Biological Survey of the Panama Canal Zone, 1923-1924. Smithsonian staff members were in Panama with the Institute for Research in Tropical America, a group of private foundations and universities under the auspices of the National Research Council, who first established a research laboratory on Barro Colorado Island, Panama Canal Zone, in order to investigate the flora and fauna of tropical America.
Contained within:
Smithsonian Institution Archives, Record Unit 229, Box 19, Folder 2
Contact information:
Institutional History Division, Smithsonian Archives, 600 Maryland Avenue, SW, Washington, D.C. 20024-2520, SIHistory@si.edu
Topic:
Field Stations
Tropical Biology
Scientific expeditions
Natural history
Botany
Hotels
Buildings--Panama
Palm trees
Standard number:
SIA2009-2918 and Hitchcock 1101
Restrictions:
No restrictions
Data Source:
Smithsonian Archives - History Div

Hotel Washington in Colón, Panama, 1923-1924

view Hotel Washington in Colón, Panama, 1923-1924 digital asset number 1
Author:
Hitchcock, A. S (Albert Spear) 1865-1935
Subject:
Panama Canal Zone
Biological Survey of the Panama Canal Zone, 1923-1924
Smithsonian Tropical Research Institute (STRI)
Washington Hotel
Physical description:
Number of Images: 1 Color: Black and White ; Size: 5.3w x 3.4h ; Type of Image: Exterior ; Medium: Photographic print
Type:
Panama
Photographic print
Landscape
Place:
Panama
Colón (Panama)
Date:
1923-1924
Category:
Historic Images of the Smithsonian
Notes:
The negative number #1100 is Hitchcock's negative number. The original photograph is located in Hitchcock's travel album.
For other view of Washington Hotel and surrounding area, see Negs. SIA2009-2918, SIA2010-0715, SIA2010-0716, SIA2010-0717, and SIA2010-0718.
Summary:
A rear view of the Hotel Washington in Colón, Panama. There is a statue in the courtyard of the hotel.
The image was taken by Albert Spear Hitchcock, botanist with the United States Department of Agriculture and honorary curator of the Smithsonian's United States National Herbarium while on a biological survey of the Panama Canal Zone, 1923-1924. Smithsonian staff members were in Panama with the Institute for Research in Tropical America, a group of private foundations and universities under the auspices of the National Research Council, who first established a research laboratory on Barro Colorado Island, Panama Canal Zone, in order to investigate the flora and fauna of tropical America.
Contained within:
Smithsonian Institution Archives, Record Unit 229, Box 19, Folder 2
Contact information:
Institutional History Division, Smithsonian Archives, 600 Maryland Avenue, SW, Washington, D.C. 20024-2520, SIHistory@si.edu
Topic:
Field Stations
Tropical Biology
Scientific expeditions
Natural history
Botany
Hotels
Buildings--Panama
Statues
Standard number:
SIA2009-2917 and Hitchcock #1100
Restrictions:
No restrictions
Data Source:
Smithsonian Archives - History Div

Biological Survey of the Panama Canal Zone (1910-1912)

Alternate Name:
Biological Survey of Panama, 1910-1912
Record type:
Expedition name
Place:
Panama
Canal Zone
Date Range:
1910 - 1912
Description:
The Biological Survey of the Panama Canal Zone was conducted by the Smithsonian Institution between 1910 and 1912. It was a comprehensive survey of the native flora and fauna of the isthmus of Panama prior to the completion of the Panama Canal. It was conducted at the behest of naturalists across the United States who voiced their concerns over the need to record the natural environment before the canal permanently altered the region. The survey was supported by other institutions including the Field Museum and the University of Chicago. Initially the survey only to covered the Canal Zone, but with the support of the Republic of Panama, the parameters expanded to include the entire nation. Work began in late 1910 and was conducted by scientists from the Smithsonian, US government, and universities. Principal participants included Edward A. Goldman (US Bureau of Biological Survey) who collected birds and mammals; Seth E. Meek (Field Museum of Natural History) and Samuel F. Hildebrand (US Bureau of Fisheries) who collected reptiles, amphibians and fishes; Eugene A. Schwarz and August Busck (US Department of Agriculture, Bureau of Entomology); Henri Pittier and Albert S. Hitchcock (US Department of Agriculture), William R. Maxon (U.S. National Museum) who collected plants.
Source:
National Museum of Natural History. (2012). "Celebrating 100 Years. Panama 1910-1912: Biological Survey of Panama. " Retrieved from http://www.mnh.si.edu/onehundredyears/expeditions/Panama.html
Topic:
Entomology
Herpatology
Botany
Ornithology
Mammalogy
Ichthyology
See more records related to participants:
Goldman, Edward Alphonso, 1873-1946
Meek, Seth E. (Seth Eugene), 1859-1914
Hildebrand, Samuel F. (Samuel Frederick), 1883-1949
Schwarz, Eugene Amandus, 1844-1928
Busck, August, 1870-1944
Pittier, Henri, 1857-1950
Hitchcock, A. S. (Albert Spear), 1865-1935
Maxon, William R. (William Ralph), 1877-1948
See more records related to affiliated organizations:
Smithsonian Institution
United States. Bureau of Fisheries
United States. Bureau of Biological Survey
Field Museum of Natural History
University of Chicago
See more records related to this expedition:
Biological Survey of the Panama Canal Zone (1910-1912)
Data Source:
Smithsonian Field Book Project

John Peabody Harrington papers: Records relating to state names, province names, and other geographical names, 1938-1959

view John Peabody Harrington papers: Records relating to state names, province names, and other geographical names, 1938-1959 digital asset number 1
Creator:
Harrington, John Peabody 1884-1961
Haas, Mary R (Mary Rosamond) 1910-1996
Siebert, Frank T (Frank Thomas) 1912-1998
Voegelin, C. F (Charles Frederick) 1906-1986
Physical description:
20 boxes
Type:
Field notes
Manuscripts
Place:
California
Massachusetts
Missouri
Québec (Province)
Taiwan
Truk Lagoon (Micronesia)
Central America
South America
West Indies
United States
Canada
Date:
1938
1938-1959
Notes:
John P. Harrington's attention was drawn to the subject of state names when, in his capacity as ethnologist at the Bureau of American Ethnology, he was called upon to respond to many inquiries regarding the origin of names given to various states. By the summer of 1938, Harrington had plans to undertake a comprehensive study of all the state names. In July he began the intermittent collection of relevant data during interviews with colleagues at the B.A.E. and with several American Indians who were employed in Washington, D.C. In a letter of January 22, 1939, to his nephew Arthur, Harrington stated that his superiors wanted him "to prepare a book on the meaning of state names." He reported, further, that he had already worked out the etymologies of several names. That Spring, he was authorized by bureau chief Matthew W. Stirling to travel to California, Oregon, Idaho, Arizona, Mexico, New Mexico, Oklahoma, Kansas, and Wisconsin for the purpose of completing a publication on state names. Harrington obtained relevant linguistic data from C. F. Voegelin in Washington, D.C., just before leaving for the field, and from Leonard Bloomfield en route. From June through October of 1939, he collected information from native speakers of Papago, Delaware, Shawnee, Caddo, Lakota, Chippewa, and Navaho.
Later in 1939, Harrington compiled primary data regarding Canadian provinces during fieldwork with Cree, Sarsi, and Chippewan speakers in Alberta and British Columbia. In April of 1940 he requested permission to make another trip to Oklahoma. On this occasion he met with linguists Mary R. Haas, Carl Voegelin, and Frank T. Siebert, Jr., and a number of informants. A trip to study the Aleut language in Unalaska in 1941 encompassed work on the name "Alaska." Then, in 1949, 1950, and 1951, Harrington made trips to Maine, Oklahoma, and the Yucatan, obtaining data on the names "Massachusetts" and "Missouri" and the state names of Mexico.
Information which Harrington ultimately drew together into discrete files on California placenames was gleaned from numerous native speakers during fieldwork throughout the 1930s and 1940s and from the mid-to-Iate 1950s. Most of the data he gathered was on the Chumash and Uto-Aztecan languages.
Beginning in 1938, Harrington also initiated an extensive correspondence regarding the etymology and historical background of state names of both Indian and non-Indian origin. In the 1940s and early 1950s he broadened the scope of this exchange of letters to include his search for information on Canada, Mexico, and the U.S. protectorates.
During his emeritus years the focus of Harrington's correspondence was on California placenames, particularly those in the Los Angeles area. His files indicate that he wrote over two hundred letters to such sources of information as Chambers of Commerce, postmasters, and old-time California residents, searching out the location of numerous places and the origin of their names.
From 1939 through his retirement years, Harrington envisioned the publication of a number of short articles and longer papers on various aspects of his study of geographic names. However, only three appeared in print: "The Origin of Our State Names" appeared in the Journal of the Washington Academy of Sciences in 1944; "Peculiarly Difficult Names in North and South America" was published in the July 1945 issue of Acta Americana; and "Our State Names" was included in the Smithsonian Report for 1954, Publication 4205, in 1955.
Summary:
This subseries of the Notes and writings on special linguistic studies series primarily contains files on the origin of state names which Harrington compiled during a study spanning the years 1938 to 1959. It also encompasses some material on areas outside the United States, as well as a portion of the detailed records on California placenames which Harrington accumulated throughout his career and organized in a more systematic fashion in 1947 and again during his retirement years.
The first major section of material on geographic names includes linguistic, historical, and ethnological notes related to each individual state and to certain possessions or protectorates of the United States. A less extensive Canadian section forms part of this group. The origin of a small number of placenames is included for some of the states and Canada.
A file of writings includes drafts and related materials for seven proposed papers based on these data. They vary in length from a paragraph or two on specific states to typescripts presenting more comprehensive treatments of names in the United States and Canada.
Additional sections contain more extensive notes and drafts relating to the names "California," "Massachusetts," "Missouri," and "Quebec." Detailed surveys of placenames in southern California are also filed here.
There is another group of records relating to Central and South America and to West Indian island names. Two very brief but unpublished articles were prepared on the names "Formosa" and "Truk."
The last section is a file of short articles on placenames and geographical terminology. It also includes reviews of several books and articles which Harrington read in conjunction with this study.
Cite as:
Notes and writings on special linguistic studies: Records relating to state names, province names, and other geographical names, John Peabody Harrington papers, National Anthropological Archives, Smithsonian Institution
Topic:
Names, Geographical
Toponymy
Language and languages--Documentation
Linguistics
Local number:
Accession #1976-95
See more items in:
John Peabody Harrington papers: Notes and writings on special linguistic studies, 1907-1957
Data Source:
National Anthropological Archives
Additional Online Media:

Pittier, Henri F., correspondence, 1910-1914 (2)

Alternate Title:
Panama Canal Zone Biological Survey Project : Pittier, Henri F., correspondence, Dec 1910 - June 1911
Collection name:
Smithsonian Institution Office of the Secretary, Records, 1890-1929
Physical Description:
1 folder
Physical Location:
Smithsonian Institution Archives
Sublocation:
Box 43 Folder 10
Record type:
Fieldbook record
Object Type:
Field notes
Place:
Panama
Canal Zone
Date Range:
1910-1914
Start Date:
1910
End Date:
1914
Abstract:
The correspondence documents Henri F. Pittier's botanical field work in the Panama Canal Zone. He began working for the Isthmian Survey and remained in Panama after it ended, collecting for the Smithsonian Institution. Much of the correspondence relates to expenses, payments, specimen shipments, staffing, and other logistics. Letters also describe a combination of weather, routes with dates, observed vegetation (types and abundance), notes on wood samples collected, types of documentation used (including film), entomology, as well as notes on the history and observations of the local populations. One letter in particular has extensive narratives relating observations along shoreline and inaccuracies found in maps used by Pittier. In some cases he lists incorrect location names with the correct name.
Topic:
Botany
Entomology
Accession #:
SIA RU000045
Access Information:
Many of SIA's holdings are located off-site, and advance notice is recommended to consult a collection. Please email the SIA Reference Team at osiaref@si.edu.
See more records from this collection:
Smithsonian Institution Office of the Secretary, Records, 1890-1929
See more records associated with this person:
Pittier, Henri, 1857-1950
See more records associated with this expedition:
Biological Survey of the Panama Canal Zone (1910-1912)
Data Source:
Smithsonian Field Book Project

Museum of the American Indian, Heye Foundation records, 1890-1998

view Museum of the American Indian, Heye Foundation records, 1890-1998 digital asset number 1
Creator:
Museum of the American Indian, Heye Foundation
Burnett, Edwin K
Dockstader, Frederick J
Draper, Alexander F
Eager, George
Force, Roland W
Heye, George G (George Gustav) 1874-1957
Williams, John S. 1901-1982
Tibbles, Thomas Henry 1840-1928
Collector:
Barnard, W. C
Barrett, S. A (Samuel Alfred) 1879-1965
Beauchamp, William Martin 1830-1925
Bolton, Reginald Pelham 1856-1942
Cabot, William Brooks 1858-1949
Churchill, Clara G
Churchill, Frank C (Frank Carroll) 1850-1912
Coates, James R
Cramer, Maynard
Davis, Edward H. b. 1862
Elliott, Margaret R. 1887-1976
Emmons, George Thornton
Fick, Ida A. R
Frič, Alberto Vojtěch 1882-1944
Gridley, Marion E (Marion Eleanor) 1906-1974
Grumet, Robert Steven
Harrington, M. R (Mark Raymond) 1882-1971
Harte, Neville A. 1907-1997
Harvey, Byron
Harvey, Fred
Harvey, Katherine M. 1892-1962
Hibben, Harold J. 1881-1956
Hindle, Walter d. 1992
Hodge, Frederick Webb 1864-1956
Johnson, Frederick 1904-1994
Jones, Joseph 1833-1896
Keppler, Udo J. 1872-1956
Kercher, Robert A
Koehler, Aurora 1846-1928
Lewis, Edwin C
Lippincott, William J
Lothrop, S. K (Samuel Kirkland) 1892-1965
Lummis, Charles Fletcher 1859-1928
MacDowell, E. C
Nelson, John Louw b. 1895
O'Hara, Geoffrey 1882-1967
Olsen, Godfrey J
Pepper, George H (George Hubbard) 1873-1924
Sackler, Arthur M
Skinner, Alanson 1886-1925
Smith, Watson 1897-1993
Speck, Frank G (Frank Gouldsmith) 1881-1950
Stiles, William F. 1912-1980
Turbyfill, Charles Orr 1888-1966
Verrill, A. Hyatt (Alpheus Hyatt) 1871-1954
Waterman, T. T (Thomas Talbot) b. 1885
Wildschut, William
Woodward, Arthur 1898-1986
Subject:
Huntington Free Library
Museum of the American Indian, Heye Foundation
Wenner-Gren Foundation for Anthropological Research
Bartlett East Greenland Expedition (1930)
Harriman Alaska Expedition (1899)
Hendricks-Hodge Expedition (1917-1923)
Hyde Exploring Expedition (1902-1903)
Physical description:
400 linear feet
Type:
Mixed archival materials
Collection descriptions
Place:
Arkansas
California
Canada
Cuba
Ecuador
Guatemala
Haiti
Missouri
Nevada
New Mexico
New York (State)
Panama
Peru
Tennessee
Texas
Hawikuh (N. M.)
Pueblo Bonito Site (N.M.)
Date:
1890
1890-1998
Notes:
The Museum of the American Indian/Heye Foundation was established by wealthy collector George Gustav Heye in 1908. Heye began collecting American Indian artifacts as early as 1897. Based first our of his apartment in New York, Heye bought collections and documentary photographs, sponsored expeditions, and traveled and collected items himself. In addition, he sponsored numerous expeditions across the Western Hemisphere, including North American, Canada, South America and Central America. As he accumulated numerous objects it became apparent that he would need a separate space from his apartment to contain his burgeoning collection.
From 1908 to 1917 Heye housed his artifacts on temporary loan at the University of Pennsylvania's University Museum, Pennsylvania, in lofts on East 33rd Street in New York City, and at other depositories. However, once the Museum of the American Indian, Heye Foundation was completed in 1916, the collections moved to their permanent museum location at Audubon Terrace, at 155th Street and Broadway in New York City. The museum, containing ethnographic and archaeological collections from North, Central and South America, then opened to the public in 1922. Less than ten years later, Heye completed a storage facility and research branch in the Pelham Bay area of the Bronx. Heye served as Chairman of the Board and Museum Director until his death in 1957. After growing concern about the financial and other management of the collections came to a head, the museum became part of the Smithsonian Institution in 1989 and in 1994 opened exhibit and public program space in the U.S. Customs House at Bowling Green near New York City's Battery Park. The Cultural Resources Center in Suitland, Maryland later opened in 1999 and the main Washington, DC museum opened in 2004.
Summary:
The records document the governance and programmatic activities of the Museum of the American Indian/Heye Foundation (MAI) from its inception in 1904 until becoming part of the Smithsonian Institution in 1989.
Cite as:
Identification of specific item; Date (if known); Museum of the American Indian/Heye Foundation Records, Box and Folder Number; National Museum of the American Indian Archive Center, Smithsonian Institution
Topic:
Archaeological expeditions
Ethnological expeditions
Excavations (Archaeology)
Indians of Central America
Indians of North America
Indians of South America
Museums--Collection management
Museums--Management
Local number:
NMAI.AC.001
Restrictions:
Access is by appointment only, Monday - Friday, 9:30 am - 4:30 pm. Please contact the archives to make an appointment
Data Source:
Smithsonian Institution National Museum of the American Indian Archives

Edward William Nelson and Edward Alphonso Goldman Collection, circa 1873-1946 and undated

view Edward William Nelson and Edward Alphonso Goldman Collection, circa 1873-1946 and undated digital asset number 1
Subject:
Nelson, Edward William 1855-1934
Shiras, George 1859-1942
Sheldon, Charles 1867-1928
Goldman, Edward Alphonso 1873-1946
Merriam, C. Hart (Clinton Hart) 1855-1942
United States Bureau of Biological Survey
United States Army Signal Corps
United States Department of Agriculture
American Ornithologists' Union
Biological Society of Washington
American Society of Mammalogists
Yale University
George Washington University
United States Army American Expeditionary Forces
Biological Survey of the Panama Canal Zone (1911-1912)
Death Valley Expedition (1891)
Physical description:
21.66 cu. ft. (34 document boxes) (7 12x17 boxes) (11 3x5 boxes)
Culture:
Portraits
Type:
Photographs
Collection descriptions
Date:
1873
1873-1946
circa 1873-1946 and undated
Notes:
Edward William Nelson (1855-1934), explorer, naturalist, and science administrator, was born in Manchester, New Hampshire. His professional career began in 1877 when he was appointed weather observer in the Signal Corps of the United States Army. From June 1877 to June 1881 Nelson was stationed at St. Michael on the Bering Sea coast of Alaska, where he made several excursions around the region compiling data on the lives and customs of the native people, and making ethnological and natural history collections for the Smithsonian Institution. In June 1881, he accompanied the revenue steamer Corwin on its search for the missing arctic ship Jeannette. The expedition was the first to reach and explore Wrangell Island.
In 1890, Nelson began a career with the Bureau of Biological Survey of the United States Department of Agriculture when he accepted appointment as a Special Field Agent with the Death Valley Expedition under the direction of Clinton Hart Merriam. Most of the period from 1892 to 1906 was spent conducting biological investigations in Mexico with Edward Alphonso Goldman. The pair collected nearly 30,000 mammals and birds, and amassed an enormous wealth of information on the natural history of Mexico. After concluding his work in Mexico, Nelson's duties with the Bureau of Biological Survey gradually shifted from scientific to administrative. He was Chief Field Naturalist, 1907-1912; Assistant in Charge of Biological Investigations, 1913-1914; Assistant Chief, 1914-1916; Chief, 1916-1927; and Senior Biologist, 1927-1929. Nelson was also a Research Associate of the Smithsonian Institution from 1930 until his death.
Nelson was a prolific author and his bibliography included over 200 titles, mostly concerning birds and mammals. He was President of the American Ornithologists' Union, 1908-1909; the Biological Society of Washington, 1912-1913; and the American Society of Mammalogists, 1920-1923. Nelson received an honorary M.A. from Yale University in 1920, and an honorary Doctor of Science from The George Washington University in the same year. He was also an owner and director of fruit orchard businesses in California and Arizona.
Edward Alphonso Goldman (1873-1946), field naturalist and mammalogist, was born in Mount Carroll, Illinois, and moved with his family to Tulare County, California, in 1888. In 1892, he was hired by Edward William Nelson to assist his field investigations in California and Mexico. Thus, Goldman began a career with the Bureau of Biological Survey that would continue for the remainder of his life. He served in a variety of positions including Field Naturalist, 1902-1917; Biologist in Charge, Division of Biological Investigations, 1919-1925; Biologist in Charge, Game and Bird Reservations, 1925-1928; and Senior Biologist, Division of Biological Investigations, 1928-1943. His career was interrupted during World War I when he served as Major in the Sanitary Corps of the American Expeditionary Force, in charge of rodent control in France. Goldman also had an honorary position with the Smithsonian Institution as Associate in Zoology from 1928 to 1946.
Goldman's research was primarily on mammals, and his bibliography included more than 200 titles. He conducted faunal studies as part of the Biological Survey of Panama during construction of the canal in 1911-1912. In 1936, Goldman was chosen to assist the United States Government in negotiations with Mexico for the protection of migratory birds and game mammals.
Summary:
This collection consists primarily of papers documenting the professional career and personal life of Edward William Nelson. A smaller amount of material was created by Edward Alphonso Goldman and relates to both professional and private matters. Nelson's papers are valuable in documenting his work as a field naturalist, particularly in Alaska and Mexico; his administrative career with the Bureau of Biological Survey; his research on birds and mammals; professional activities; and personal and business matters. They include a large file of incoming and outgoing correspondence which documents all aspects of his professional career; journals and notebooks maintained during field work and other official travel, especially his explorations in Alaska and Mexico; correspondence and related records concerning family and business matters, particularly his involvement in the fruit orchard business; and notes, lists, newspaper clippings, manuscripts, and photographs relating to his research and his interest in conservation issues of the era.
Goldman's papers found in this collection are just a fragment of those generated during his long career. They include journals from his field investigations in Mexico with Nelson; correspondence with Nelson and family members; and notes, lists, manuscripts, and related materials documenting his research on mammals.
The collection contains photographs, photograph albums, and glass plate negatives documenting the careers of both men. Included are photographs taken during their Mexico field work, portraits, photographs of colleagues, and images taken in France during Goldman's service in World War I. The collection also includes correspondence, manuscripts, photographs, and related materials of the conservationist Charles Sheldon, and an annotated manuscript by George Shiras III on wildlife photography.
Topic:
Mammalogy
Ornithology
Local number:
SIA RU007364
Data Source:
Smithsonian Institution Archives

Tropical Thicket on Cerro Azul, near Canal Zone

view Tropical Thicket on Cerro Azul, near Canal Zone digital asset number 1
Author:
Goldman, Edward Alphonso
Subject:
United States Dept. of Agriculture Bureau of Biological Survey
Panama Canal Zone
Biological Survey of the Panama Canal Zone, 1910-1912
Physical description:
Color: Black and White; Size: 4.16w x 3.25h; Type of Image: Landscape; Medium: Photographic print
Type:
Photographic print
Landscape
Place:
Panama
Date:
1910-1911
Category:
Historic Images of the Smithsonian
Notes:
From 1910 to 1912 the Smithsonian participated in the Biological Survey of the Panama Canal Zone, field work designed to document the natural history of the Canal Zone prior to construction of the Panama Canal. Mr. Edward Alphonso Goldman from the Bureau of Biological Survey of the United States Department of Agriculture was a member of the field-party and took this picture.
Summary:
Tropical thicket, with epiphytic vegetation (fungus that grows on living plants) on Cerro Azul, near the Panama Canal Zone.
Contained within:
"Completion of the Biological Survey of the Panama Canal Zone," Explorations Organized or Participated in by the Smithsonian Institution in 1910 and 1911, Smithsonian Miscellaneous Collections, Vol. 59, No. 11, p. 17, figure 16
Contact information:
Institutional History Division, Smithsonian Institution Archives, 600 Maryland Avenue, S.W., Washington, D.C. 20024-2520, SIHistory@si.edu
Topic:
Panama Canal (Panama)
Surveying
Field Work
Cerro Azul, Panama
Epiphytes
Botany
Scientific expeditions
Natural history
Standard number:
SIA2010-0003 or 97-52
Restrictions:
No restrictions
Data Source:
Smithsonian Archives - History Div

Smithsonian Institution Office of the Secretary, Records, 1890-1929

Extent:
2 folders
Physical Location:
Smithsonian Institution Archives
Record type:
Collection record
Place:
Panama
Canal Zone
Date Range:
1890-1929
Description:
These records document the administration of the Smithsonian Institution during the tenure of Charles D. Walcott, its fourth Secretary, who served from 1907 to 1927. Cataloged items are from correspondence documenting the Panama Canal Zone Biological Survey Project. Planning for this project began in 1908 and attracted substantial interest from the scientific community and notable amateurs of science of the day. This and following folders document the planning and execution of the work, which was carried out with public and private funds. It was coordinated by the Smithsonian, with the help of the Bureau of Fisheries, Department of Commerce and Labor, and the Biological Survey and Divisions of Botany and Entomology, Department of Agriculture. It may be that the interest and data produced by this effort helped to lay the groundwork for the Institute for Research in Tropical America, the progenitor of the present-day Smithsonian Tropical Research Institute (see record units 46, 50, 108, 134, 135).
Topic:
Plantae
Plants
Accession #:
SIA RU000045
Access Information:
Many of SIA's holdings are located off-site, and advance notice is recommended to consult a collection. Please email the SIA Reference Team at osiaref@si.edu.
See more records associated with this collector:
Pittier, Henri, 1857-1950
See more records associated with this expedition:
Biological Survey of the Panama Canal Zone (1910-1912)
See more records from this field book collection:
Smithsonian Institution Office of the Secretary, Records, 1890-1929
Data Source:
Smithsonian Field Book Project

Pittier, Henri F., correspondence, 1910-1914

Alternate Title:
Panama Canal Zone Biological Survey Project : Pittier, Henri F., correspondence, Dec 1910 - June 1911
Collection name:
Smithsonian Institution Office of the Secretary, Records, 1890-1929
Physical Description:
1 folder
Physical Location:
Smithsonian Institution Archives
Sublocation:
Box 43 Folder 9
Record type:
Fieldbook record
Object Type:
Field notes
Place:
Panama
Canal Zone
Date Range:
1910-1914
Start Date:
1910
End Date:
1914
Abstract:
The correspondence documents Henri F. Pittier's botanical field work in the Panama Canal Zone. He began working for the Isthmian Survey and remained in Panama after it ended, collecting for the Smithsonian Institution. Much of the correspondence relates to expenses, payments, specimen shipments, staffing, and other logistics. Includes a letter from Pittier in which he describes the terrain and vegetation observed during fieldwork at El Boquete and valley of Caldera River. He details type of plants, their abundance relating to elevation, and route traveled during the trip.
Topic:
Botany
Accession #:
SIA RU000045
Access Information:
Many of SIA's holdings are located off-site, and advance notice is recommended to consult a collection. Please email the SIA Reference Team at osiaref@si.edu.
See more records from this collection:
Smithsonian Institution Office of the Secretary, Records, 1890-1929
See more records associated with this person:
Pittier, Henri, 1857-1950
See more records associated with this expedition:
Biological Survey of the Panama Canal Zone (1910-1912)
Data Source:
Smithsonian Field Book Project

Tall Grasses, Mindi, Canal Zone

view Tall Grasses, Mindi, Canal Zone digital asset number 1
Author:
Hitchcock, A. S (Albert Spear) 1865-1935
Subject:
United States Dept. of Agriculture Bureau of Plant Industry
Panama Canal Zone
Biological Survey of the Panama Canal Zone, 1910-1912
Physical description:
Color: Black and White; Size: 4.16w x 3.25h; Type of Image: Landscape; Medium: Photographic print
Type:
Photographic print
Landscape
Place:
Panama
Date:
circa 1910-1912
Category:
Historic Images of the Smithsonian
Notes:
From 1910 to 1912, the Smithsonian participated in the Biological Survey of the Panama Canal Zone, field work designed to document the natural history of the Canal Zone prior to construction of the Panama Canal. Albert Spear Hitchcock from the Bureau of Plant Industry, United States Department of Agriculture, was a member of the field-party and took this picture.
Summary:
A man stands among the tall grasses in Mindi, Canal Zone, Panama.
Contained within:
"Completion of the Biological Survey of the Panama Canal Zone," Expeditions Organized or Participated in by the Smithsonian Institution in 1910 and 1911, Smithsonian Miscellaneous Collections, Vol. 59, No. 11, p. 25, figure 28
Contact information:
Institutional History Division, Smithsonian Institution Archives, 600 Maryland Avenue, S.W., Washington, D.C. 20024-2520, SIHistory@si.edu
Topic:
Panama Canal (Panama)
Surveying
Field Work
Tall Grasses
Grasses
Botany
Agrostology
Scientific expeditions
Natural history
Standard number:
SIA2010-0015 or 97-55
Restrictions:
No restrictions
Data Source:
Smithsonian Archives - History Div

Canal Zone notes book #5, 1912

Collection name:
Chalmer L. Cooper papers, c. 1932 - 1944
Physical Description:
1 Field book
Physical Location:
Smithsonian Institution Archives
Sublocation:
Box 1 Folder 2
Record type:
Fieldbook record
Object Type:
Field notes
Place:
Panama
Canal Zone
Date Range:
1912
Start Date:
1912
End Date:
1912
Abstract:
The notebook documents the work of Harry S. Ladd for the U.S. Geological Survey in the Canal Zone [Panama], 1912. The volume begins with an index that lists page number and location and topic. Entries are dated and headed with location or route, followed by a narrative description of route, observations of topography, formations, sketches and geological sections with notes, fossils collected, samples taken. Details about fossils are sometimes organized by location, and described location where found. Also includes notes about rates of banana planting and names of trees.
Topic:
Paleontology
Geology
Accession #:
SIA Acc. 16-046
Access Information:
Many of SIA's holdings are located off-site, and advance notice is recommended to consult a collection. Please email the SIA Reference Team at osiaref@si.edu.
See more records from this collection:
Chalmer L. Cooper papers, c. 1932 - 1944
See more records associated with this person:
Ladd, Harry S. (Harry Stephen), 1899-1982
Data Source:
Smithsonian Field Book Project

Canal Zone notes book #4, 1912

Collection name:
Chalmer L. Cooper papers, c. 1932 - 1944
Physical Description:
1 Field book
Physical Location:
Smithsonian Institution Archives
Sublocation:
Box 1 Folder 1
Record type:
Fieldbook record
Object Type:
Field notes
Place:
Panama
Canal Zone
Date Range:
1912
Start Date:
19120614
End Date:
19120925
Abstract:
The notebook documents the work of Harry S. Ladd for the U.S. Geological Survey in the Canal Zone [Panama], June 14 - September 25, 1912. The volume begins with an index that lists page number and location. Entries are dated and headed with location or route, followed by a narrative description of route, observations of topography, formations, sketches and geological sections with notes, fossils collected, samples taken. Details about fossils are sometimes organized by location, and described location where found.
Topic:
Paleontology
Geology
Accession #:
SIA Acc. 16-046
Access Information:
Many of SIA's holdings are located off-site, and advance notice is recommended to consult a collection. Please email the SIA Reference Team at osiaref@si.edu.
See more records from this collection:
Chalmer L. Cooper papers, c. 1932 - 1944
See more records associated with this person:
Ladd, Harry S. (Harry Stephen), 1899-1982
Data Source:
Smithsonian Field Book Project

Field Party Crossing Savannas, Panama

view Field Party Crossing Savannas, Panama digital asset number 1
Author:
Goldman, Edward Alphonso
Subject:
United States Dept. of Agriculture Bureau of Biological Survey
Panama Canal Zone
Biological Survey of the Panama Canal Zone, 1910-1912
Physical description:
Color: Black and White; Size: 4.16w x 2.25h; Type of Image: Group, candid; Medium: Photographic print
Type:
Photographic print
Group, candid
Place:
Panama
Chepo River Valley (Panama)
Date:
1910-1911
Category:
Historic Images of the Smithsonian
Notes:
From 1910 to 1912, the Smithsonian participated in the Biological Survey of the Panama Canal Zone, field work designed to document the natural history of the Canal Zone prior to construction of the Panama Canal. Mr. Edward Alphonso Goldman from the Bureau of Biological Survey of the United States Department of Agriculture was a member of the field-party and took this picture.
Summary:
The field-party, some on horseback and others walking, cross the Savannas northwest of Chepol, Panama, on the way to the mountains at the head of Chagres River.
Contained within:
"Completion of the Biological Survey of the Panama Canal Zone," Explorations Organized or Participated in by the Smithsonian Institution in 1910 and 1911, Smithsonian Miscellaneous Collections, Vol. 59, No. 11, p. 17, figure 17
Contact information:
Institutional History Division, Smithsonian Institution Archives, 600 Maryland Avenue, S.W., Washington, D.C. 20024-2520, SIHistory@si.edu
Topic:
Panama Canal (Panama)
Surveying
Field Work
Horses
Chagres River, Panama
Scientific expeditions
Natural history
Standard number:
SIA2010-0004 or 97-53
Restrictions:
No restrictions
Data Source:
Smithsonian Archives - History Div

Notebook Page of Charles Dwight Marsh

view Notebook Page of Charles Dwight Marsh digital asset number 1
Author:
Marsh, C. Dwight (Charles Dwight)
Subject:
Panama Canal Zone
Biological Survey of the Panama Canal Zone, 1910-1912
United States Dept. of Agriculture Bureau of Plant Industry
Physical description:
Number of Images: 1; Color: Black and white; Size: 3.5w x 6.5h; Type of Image: Document; Medium: Paper
Type:
Document
Paper
Place:
Panama
Date:
January 1912
Category:
Historic Images of the Smithsonian
Summary:
A page of observations from Charles Dwight Marsh's field notebook used during a trip to the Canal Zone, Panama, as a member of the Smithsonian Institution's sponsored Biological Survey of the Panama Canal Zone. He was a botanist with the United States Department of Agriculture, Bureau of Plant Industry.
Contained within:
Smithsonian Institution Archives, Record Unit 7260, Box 3A, Folder: 1
Contact information:
Institutional History Division, Smithsonian Archives, 600 Maryland Avenue, SW, Washington, D.C. 20024-2520, SIHistory@si.edu
Topic:
Field Work
Botanists
Scientific expeditions
Field Notes
Field trips
Standard number:
SIA2010-1162
Restrictions:
No restrictions
Data Source:
Smithsonian Archives - History Div

Boat Landing, Gatun Lake, Panama

view Boat Landing, Gatun Lake, Panama digital asset number 1
Author:
Goldman, Edward Alphonso
Subject:
United States Dept. of Agriculture Bureau of Biological Survey
Panama Canal Zone
Biological Survey of the Panama Canal Zone, 1910-1912
Physical description:
Color: Black and White; Size: 4.16w x 3.25h; Type of Image: Group, candid; Medium: Photographic print
Type:
Photographic print
Group, candid
Place:
Panama
Gatun Lake (Panama)
Date:
1910-1911
Category:
Historic Images of the Smithsonian
Notes:
From 1910 to 1912 the Smithsonian participated in the Biological Survey of the Panama Canal Zone, field work designed to document the natural history of the Canal Zone prior to construction of the Panama Canal. Mr. Edward Alphonso Goldman from the Bureau of Biological Survey of the United States Department of Agriculture was a member of the field-party and took this picture.
Summary:
Boat landing on the shore of Gatun Lake, Canal Zone, Panama. Men are in the boats and on the shore.
Contained within:
"Completion of the Biological Survey of the Panama Canal Zone," Explorations Organized or Participated in by the Smithsonian Institution in 1910 and 1911, Smithsonian Miscellaneous Collections, Vol. 59, No. 11, p. 20, figure 20
Contact information:
Institutional History Division, Smithsonian Institution Archives, 600 Maryland Avenue, S.W., Washington, D.C. 20024-2520, SIHistory@si.edu
Topic:
Panama Canal (Panama)
Surveying
Field Work
Boats and boating
Tropical Biology
Scientific expeditions
Natural history
Standard number:
SIA2010-0007 or 97-63
Restrictions:
No restrictions
Data Source:
Smithsonian Archives - History Div

Across the Harbor at Porto Bello, Panama

view Across the Harbor at Porto Bello, Panama digital asset number 1
Author:
Pittier, Henri
Subject:
United States Dept. of Agriculture Bureau of Plant Industry
Panama Canal Zone
Biological Survey of the Panama Canal Zone, 1910-1912
Physical description:
Color: Black and White; Number of Images: 1; Size: 4.16w x 2.5h; Type of Image: Landscape; Medium: Photographic print
Type:
Photographic print
Landscape
Place:
Panama
Portobelo (Panama)
Portobelo Bay (Panama)
Date:
1910-1911
Category:
Historic Images of the Smithsonian
Summary:
A view of buildings across the harbor at Porto Bello, Panama, and a sailing boat on the water, taken by Professor Henri Pittier from the Bureau of Plant Industry, United States Department of Agriculture, a member of the field party. From 1910 to 1912 the Smithsonian participated in the Biological Survey of the Panama Canal Zone, to document the natural history of the Canal Zone prior to construction of the Panama Canal.
Contained within:
"Completion of the Biological Survey of the Panama Canal Zone," Explorations Organized or Participated in by the Smithsonian Institution in 1910 and 1911, Smithsonian Miscellaneous Collections, Vol. 59, No. 11, p. 22, figure 23
Contact information:
Institutional History Division, Smithsonian Institution Archives, 600 Maryland Avenue, S.W., Washington, D.C. 20024-2520, SIHistory@si.edu
Topic:
Explorations Organized or Participated in by the Smithsonian Institution in 1910 and 1911
Field Work
Boats and boating
Harbor at Porto Bello, Panama
Scientific expeditions
Natural history
Bays
Buildings--Panama
Natural areas
Standard number:
SIA2010-0010 and 97-58
Restrictions:
No restrictions
Data Source:
Smithsonian Archives - History Div

Agreement for the Continuation of the Smithsonian Tropical Research Institute's activities in the Panama Canal Zone

Author:
Governments of The United States and Panama
Subject:
Bunker, Ellsworth
Bethancourt, Romulo Escobar
Smithsonian Tropical Research Institute (STRI)
Panama Canal Treaty
Physical description:
Number of pages: 14; Page Numbers: 465-479
Type:
Exchange of Notes
Place:
Panama
United States
Date:
1981
09/07/1977
Category:
Smithsonian Legal Documents
Legal document information:
33 UST
Title 48, Territories and Insular Possessions
Exchange of Notes
Notes:
Includes English and Spanish translations. This exchange of notes is included as part of the Panama Canal Treaty of 1977.
Summary:
Panama and the United States agree on the continuation of Smithsonian Tropical Research Institute (STRI) activities in Panama after the Panama Canal Treaty goes into effect. The United States agrees to allow STRI to use any land, water or facilities in various parts of the Isthmus of Panama while the US maintains control of the Panama Canal. Panama agrees that after it assumes control of the Canal that it will grant STRI rights to properties in use by STRI or will allow STRI to use those properties free of cost. The following are made available for the exclusive use of STRI: STRI headquarters, shops, administrative offices and labs on Gorgas Road, the Tivoli site, Naos Island, Flamenco Island and the Pipeline Road Reserve.
Contained within:
U. S. Treaties and Other International Agreements, Vol. 33, Part 1 (Book)
Contact information:
Institutional History Division, Smithsonian Institution Archives, 600 Maryland Avenue, S.W., Washington, D.C. 20024-2520, SIHistory@si.edu
Topic:
Panama Canal (Panama)
Nature conservation
Rain forest ecology
Agreements
Field Stations
Islands
Natural resources
Protected areas
Laboratories
Facilities
Biological Stations
Publisher:
Washington, D.C.: US Government Printing Office
Data Source:
Smithsonian Archives - History Div

Cavanillesia-tree, Panama

view Cavanillesia-tree, Panama digital asset number 1
Author:
Pittier, Henri
Subject:
United States Dept. of Agriculture Bureau of Plant Industry
Panama Canal Zone
Biological Survey of the Panama Canal Zone, 1910-1912
Physical description:
Color: Black and White; Size: 4.16w x 5.5h; Type of Image: Landscape; Medium: Photographic print
Type:
Photographic print
Landscape
Place:
Panama
Date:
1910-1911
Category:
Historic Images of the Smithsonian
Notes:
From 1910 to 1912 the Smithsonian participated in the Biological Survey of the Panama Canal Zone, field work designed to document the natural history of the Canal Zone prior to construction of the Panama Canal. Professor Henri Pittier from the Bureau of Plant Industry, United States Department of Agriculture, was a member of the field-party and took this picture.
Summary:
A cavanillesia-tree, a striking feature of the Panama Canal Zone forest.
Contained within:
"Completion of the Biological Survey of the Panama Canal Zone," Explorations Organized or Participated in by the Smithsonian Institution in 1910 and 1911, Smithsonian Miscellaneous Collections, Vol. 59, No. 11, p. 23, figure 25
Contact information:
Institutional History Division, Smithsonian Institution Archives, 600 Maryland Avenue, S.W., Washington, D.C. 20024-2520, SIHistory@si.edu
Topic:
Panama Canal (Panama)
Surveying
Field Work
Trees
Cavanillesia Tree, Panama
Botany
Scientific expeditions
Natural history
Standard number:
SIA2010-0012 or 97-56
Restrictions:
No restrictions
Data Source:
Smithsonian Archives - History Div

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