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Ernest Dudley Chase Papers, 1930s-1940s

view Ernest Dudley Chase Papers, 1930s-1940s digital asset number 1
Artist:
Chase, Ernest Dudley fl. 1920s
Donor:
Holland, Frederic
Holland, Frances
Physical description:
1 cu. ft. : 3 boxes, 1 oversize folder
Type:
Diaries
Collection descriptions
Maps
Greeting cards
Letters (correspondence)
Valentines
Watercolors
Love letters
Poems
Travel diaries
Paintings
Date:
1930
1950
1930s-1940s
20th century
1930-1940
1940-1950
1900-1950
Notes:
Map maker, greeting card designer, greeting card company executive, author of an early history of the greeting card.
Summary:
A collection of greeting cards given by artist Ernest Dudley Chase to Clara Holland during their courtship and later marriage. The cards were hand painted by Chase in watercolor with cut-paper details. Many of the cards include romantic letters or poems composed by Chase. The 2010 addendum includes six pictorial maps designed and signed by Chase, and nine bound travel diaries. The 2011 addendum consists of twenty one pictorial maps designed and signed by Chase.
Cite as:
Ernest Dudley Chase Papers, 1930s-1940s, Archives Center, National Museum of American History. Gift of Frederic and Frances Holland
Topic:
Courtship
Love
Local number:
2005.3066 (NMAH Acc.)
2010.3046 (NMAH Acc.)
2011.3064 (NMAH Acc.)
Data Source:
Archives Center - NMAH

Norcross Greeting Card Collection, 1800-1981 (mostly ca. 1880-1900, 1920-1981)

view Norcross Greeting Card Collection, 1800-1981 (mostly ca. 1880-1900, 1920-1981) digital asset number 1
Manufacturer:
Norcross Greeting Card Company (New York (N.Y.)
Rust, Fred Winslow 1877?-1949
Norcross, Arthur Dickinson d. 1968
Rust Craft Publishers Boston, Mass
Norcross Greeting Card Company (New York (N.Y.)
Rust Craft Greeting Card Company Dedham (Mass.)
Designer:
Tuck, Raphael fl. 1880s
Prang, Louis fl. 1880-1900
Chase, Ernest Dudley fl. 1920s
Collector:
Extractive Industries, Division of
Physical description:
1,222 cu. ft.: 178 boxes, 362 volumes, 1 oversize folder
Type:
Business records
Collection descriptions
Lithographs
Chromolithographs
Color slides
Greeting cards
Motion pictures (visual works)
Advertisements
Slides (photographs)
Scrapbooks
Trade cards
Postcards
Valentines
Place:
New York (N.Y.)
West Chester, Pa
Kansas City, Mo
Boston (Mass.)
Dedham, Mass
Date:
1800
1981
1800-1981
mostly ca 1880-1900 1920-1981
1900-1980
20th century
1970-1990
Ca. 1900-1920
1910-1950
1950-1980
1880-1900
Ca. 1800-1980
1960-1980
1950-2000
Notes:
Arthur D. Norcross (d. 1968) founded the Norcross Greeting Card Company in New York City in the 1920s. In 1974 the company relocated to West Chester and Exton, Pennsylvania, where in 1981 Norcross and the Rust Craft Greeting Card Company merged to form divisions of a parent company. The Rust Craft Greeting Card Company, some of whose records are in this collection, was begun as a little bookshop by Fred Rust (1877?-1949) in Kansas City, Missouri, 1906. He consolidated his business in Boston in 1914. In the 1950s the company relocated to Dedham, Massachusetts and in 1981 merged with the Norcross Company. Both the Norcross and Rust Craft companies collected antique greeting cards.
Summary:
Cards and a few records of the Norcross and Rust Craft Greeting Card Companies, ca. 1920-1980; antique greeting cards, ca. 1800-1930 (bulk 1880-1900) collected by these companies and their executives; and a small number of modern cards by other manufacturers, ca. 1930-1980. According to Norcross Company officials in 1977, this collection represents "not only a history of the development of the greeting card industry but also a history of social trends in the United States" and gives "an indication of the quality and technology of the [printing] industry from 1924 through 1978."
Cite as:
Norcross Greeting Card Collection, Archives Center, National Museum of American History
Topic:
Greeting card industry
Local number:
1980.0816 (NMAH Acc.)
Data Source:
Archives Center - NMAH
Additional Online Media:

The romance of greeting cards; an historical account of the origin, evolution, and development of Christmas card, valentine, and other forms of engraved or printed greetings from the earliest days to the present time. By Ernest Dudley Chase, with an introduction by Harry W. Brown. Cover design by Marjorie Wallingford and hand lettering by William P. Havican

Author:
Chase, Ernest Dudley 1878-
Physical description:
xv, 255 p. front., illus., plates, ports. 24 cm
Type:
Books
Date:
1926
Topic:
Greeting cards
Call number:
NC1860.C5X
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries

The romance of greeting cards; an historical account of the origin, evolution, and development of the Christmas card, valentine, and other forms of engraved or printed greetings from the earliest days to the present time. With an introd. by Harry W. Brown. Cover design by Marjorie Wallingford and hand lettering by William P. Havican. Cambridge, Mass., Printed by University Press, 1926

Author:
Chase, Ernest Dudley 1878-
Physical description:
xv, 255 p. illus., ports. 22 cm
Type:
Books
Date:
1971
1926
1971 [c1927]
Topic:
Greeting cards
Call number:
NC1860 .C5 1971X
NC1860.C5 1971X
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries

[E. Howard Clock customer lists, Volume 1, book.]

view [E. Howard Clock customer lists, Volume 1, book.] digital asset number 1
Author:
E. Howard Clock Co
Physical description:
Ink on paper
1 item, 14.5" x 9.1"
Type:
Ledgers (account books)
Place:
Massachusetts
Boston (Mass.)
Date:
1900
Circa 1900
19th century
20th century
Summary:
Listing of custormer names.
Cite as:
E. Howard Clock Co. Records, 1862-1930, Archives Center, National Museum of American History, Smithsonian Institution
Topic:
Clock and watch making
Clock and watch makers
Clocks and watches
Local number:
AC0776-10-01.tif (AC Scan)
See more items in:
E. Howard Clock Co. Records 1862-1930
Data Source:
Archives Center - NMAH
Additional Online Media:

Minutes, 1846-

view Minutes, 1846- digital asset number 1
Creator:
Smithsonian Institution Board of Regents
Subject:
Fillmore, Millard 1800-1874
Taylor, Zachary 1784-1850
Taney, Roger Brooke 1777-1864
Smithsonian Institution Administration
Physical description:
8.20 cu. ft. (9 document boxes) (7 12x17 boxes) (1 16x20 box)
Type:
Mixed archival materials
Collection descriptions
Date:
1846
1846-
Notes:
The Smithsonian Institution was created by authority of an Act of Congress approved August 10, 1846. The Act entrusted direction of the Smithsonian to a body called the Establishment, composed of the President; the Vice-President; the Chief Justice of the United States; the Cabinet; the Mayor of Washington; and the Commissioner of the Patent Office. In fact, however, the Establishment last met in 1877; and control of the Smithsonian has always been exercised by its Board of Regents. The membership of the Regents consists of the Vice-President and the Chief Justice of the United States; three members each of the Senate and House of Representatives; two citizens of the District of Columbia; and nine citizens of the several states, no two from the same state. (Prior to 1970 the category of citizen-Regents not residents of Washington consisted of four members). By custom the Chief Justice is Chancellor. The office was at first held by the Vice-President. However, when Millard Fillmore succeeded to the presidency on the death of Zachary Taylor in 1851, Chief Justice Roger Brooke Taney was chosen in his stead; and the office has always been filled by the Chief Justice since that time.
Summary:
These records are the official, edited minutes of the Board, compiled at the direction of the Secretary of the Smithsonian, who is also secretary to the Board. Manuscript minutes exist for the period from 1846 to 1856, and after 1891. Only printed versions exist for the years from 1857 to 1891.
Topic:
Museum trustees
Museums--Administration
Local number:
SIA RU000001
See more items in:
Minutes 1846-2007 [Smithsonian Institution Board of Regents]
Data Source:
Smithsonian Institution Archives

Negative Log Book Number 11, (78-16863 to 79-13777)

view Negative Log Book Number 11, (78-16863 to 79-13777) digital asset number 1
Creator:
Smithsonian Institution Archives Smithsonian Photographic Services
Physical description:
Ink on paper
Type:
Logs (records)
Collection descriptions
Date:
1978
1978-1979
Cite as:
Smithsonian Institution Archives, Accession 10-001, Negative Log Book Number 11, 1978-1979
Topic:
Photography--History
Local number:
SIA Acc. 10-001 [SIA_10-001_NLB11]
Data Source:
Smithsonian Institution Archives

[E. Howard Clock customer lists, Volume 2, book.]

view [E. Howard Clock customer lists, Volume 2, book.] digital asset number 1
Author:
E. Howard Clock Co
Physical description:
Ink on paper
1 item, 14.1" x 9.5"
Type:
Ledgers (account books)
Place:
Massachusetts
Boston (Mass.)
Date:
1880
1920
Circa 1900
19th century
20th century
1840-1900
Summary:
Listing of custormer names.
Cite as:
E. Howard Clock Co. Records, 1862-1930, Archives Center, National Museum of American History, Smithsonian Institution
Topic:
Clock and watch making
Clock and watch makers
Clocks and watches
Local number:
AC0776-10-02 (AC Scan)
See more items in:
E. Howard Clock Co. Records 1862-1930
Data Source:
Archives Center - NMAH

Baird's Atlas

view Baird's Atlas digital asset number 1
Author:
Baird, Spencer Fullerton 1823-1887
Physical description:
Number of Images: 149; Color: Color; Size: 10w x 12h; Type of Image: Book; Medium: Paper
Type:
Book
Paper
Date:
1850s - 1870s
Category:
Historic Images of the Smithsonian
Notes:
Spencer Fullerton Baird (1823-1887), ornithologist, was the first director of the United States National Museum (USNM) and second Secretary of the Smithsonian Institution (1878-1887).
Summary:
A book filled with lists of the names of correspondents interleaved with atlas pages. The names are broken up geographically and were correspondents of Spencer F. Baird, second Smithsonian Secretary. Many of the correspondents listed in the book collected and donated natural history specimens to the Smithsonian.
Contained within:
Smithsonian Institution Archives, Accession 91-069, Box 1, Folder: 1
Contact information:
Institutional History Division, Smithsonian Archives, 600 Maryland Avenue, SW, Washington, D.C. 20024-2520, SIHistory@si.edu
Topic:
Maps
Collectors and collecting
Natural history
Standard number:
SIA2014-01441 through SIA2014-01527
Restrictions:
No restrictions
Data Source:
Smithsonian Archives - History Div

Leo Baekeland Diary Volume 19, 1915-1916

view Leo Baekeland Diary Volume 19, 1915-1916 digital asset number 1
Author:
Baekeland, L. H (Leo Hendrik) 1863-1944
Physical description:
Ink on paper
1 item, 6.0" x 3.5"
Type:
Diaries
Date:
1915
1915-1916
October 21, 1915 to April 30, 1916
20th century
Cite as:
Leo H. Baekeland Papers, 1863-1968, Archives Center, National Museum of American History, Smithsonian Institution
Topic:
Family
Local number:
AC0005-D19
See more items in:
Leo H. Baekeland Papers
Data Source:
Archives Center - NMAH

Letter to Berdis Baldwin from James Baldwin

view Letter to Berdis Baldwin from James Baldwin digital asset number 1
Written by:
James Baldwin, American, 1924 - 1987
Received by:
Berdis Baldwin, American
Medium:
ink on paper (fiber product)
Dimensions:
H x W: 11 1/2 x 8 1/4 in. (29.2 x 21 cm)
Type:
letters (correspondence)
Date:
January 19, 1977
Topic:
African American
Communication
Literature
Credit Line:
Collection of the Smithsonian National Museum of African American History and Culture, Gift of The Baldwin Family
Object number:
2011.99.22
Rights:
Public domain
See more items in:
National Museum of African American History and Culture Collection
Classification:
Documents and Published Materials
Data Source:
National Museum of African American History and Culture

Rose, greenhouse cacti, 1912, 1919 - 1929

view Rose, greenhouse cacti, 1912, 1919 - 1929 digital asset number 1
Collection name:
Joseph Nelson Rose field notes from the Department of Botany
Physical Description:
1 field book
Physical Location:
National Museum of Natural History (U.S.). Main Library
Record type:
Fieldbook record
Object Type:
Field notes
Place:
Mexico
United States
Texas
California
Arizona
South Carolina
Cuba
Panama
Chile
Wyoming
Puerto Rico
Guatemala
Alabama
Belgium
Germany
Date Range:
1912, 1919-1929
Start Date:
19121201
End Date:
19290501
Abstract:
This field book consists of four sections of greenhouse notes on cacti by Joseph Nelson Rose. Locations include: Mexico, California, Arizona, Wyoming, Puerto Rico, Guatemala, Texas, Alabama, Colorado, Panama, Belgium, Germany, Cuba, England, Chile, and South Carolina. The first section is a list of cacti in the United States National Museum, Division of Plants, 1912. Entries list: numbers (12.1 through 12.427); scientific name; location; date; name (possibly of collector). Some entries also list a separate set of numbers, possibly collector numbers, not in order. The second section is a list of plants, 1918 to 1921. Entries list: numbers (18.3 through 21.553); scientific name; location; and date. The third section is a list of plants, 1922 to 1924. Entries list: numbers (22.1 through 24.536); scientific name; location; and date. The fourth section is a list of plants, 1925 to 1929. Entries list: numbers (25.1 through 29.1); scientific name; location; and date.
Topic:
Botany
Accession #:
SIA Acc. 12-052
Access Information:
At least 24 hours advance notice is recommended to consult this collection. Contact the Department of Botany at 202-633-0920 to make an appointment.
See more records from this collection:
Joseph Nelson Rose field notes from the Department of Botany
See more records associated with this person:
Rose, J. N. (Joseph Nelson), 1862-1928
Data Source:
Smithsonian Field Book Project
Additional Online Media:

Records of the Assistant Commissioner for the State of North Carolina Bureau of Refugees, Freedmen, and Abandoned Lands

view Records of the Assistant Commissioner for the State of North Carolina Bureau of Refugees, Freedmen, and Abandoned Lands digital asset: Records of the Assistant Commissioner for the State of North Carolina Bureau of Refugees, Freedmen, and Abandoned Lands
Object type:
Archival materials
Inclusive dates:
1865-1870
Physical description:
38 microfilm
Collection Overview:
This collection is comprised of digital surrogates previously available on the 38 rolls of microfilm described in the NARA publication M843. These digital surrogates reproduced the previously un-filmed records of the Assistant Commissioner for the State of North Carolina, Bureau of Refugees, Freedmen, and Abandoned Lands, 1865-70. The records consist of 32 volumes and approximately 20 linear feet of unbound records. The volumes include letters and endorsements sent; registers of letters received; telegrams sent and received; special orders, general orders, and circulars; register of persons recommended as inspectors of elections; a register of apprentices indentured; and index books. The unbound series consist mainly of letters received, orders, reports, and freedmen’s labor contracts. These documents were created or received by the Assistant Commissioner, the Acting Assistant Commissioner, or either of two staff officers who acted for the Assistant Commissioner.
Historical Note:
The Bureau of Refugees, Freedmen, and Abandoned Lands, often referred to as the Freedmen’s Bureau, was established in the War Department by an act of March 3, 1865 (13 Stat. 507). Congress assigned to the Bureau responsibilities that previously had been shared by military commanders and by agents of the Treasury Department. The duties included supervision of all affairs relating to refugees, freedmen, and the custody of abandoned lands and property. Under provisions of the initial legislation, the Bureau was to have been terminated 1 year after the close of the Civil War. It was twice extended by laws of July 16, 1866 (14 Stat. 173), and July 6, 1868 (15 Stat. 193), effective January 1869. Remaining Bureau functions were terminated following the discontinuance of the Bureau in 1872, in accordance with a law of June 10 of that year (17 Stat. 366).
In May 1865 the President appointed by Maj. Gen. Oliver Otis Howard Commissioner of the Bureau. Howard, who served until the Bureau was discontinued, maintained his headquarters at Washington, D.C. Assistant commissioners supervised the work of the Bureau in the States.
Col. Eliphalet Whittlesey, the first Assistant Commissioner of North Carolina, established his headquarters at Raleigh in June 1865. Although the size and organization of the staff of the Assistant Commissioner varied from time to time, it usually included an Assistant Adjutant General, an Assistant Inspector General, a Surgeon in Chief, a Superintendent of Education, and a Disbursing Officer.
The policies and programs of the Freedmen’s Bureau in North Carolina were established by the Assistant Commissioner and administered through his subordinate officers. Bureau officials, often in cooperation with benevolent societies, established schools for freedmen and issued food, clothing, and medical supplies to refugees and freedmen. They also approved or disapproved freedmen’s labor contracts and indentures, investigated freedmen’s complaints, and helped black soldiers and sailors to file and collect claims for bounties, pensions, and pay arrearages. The Assistant Commissioner maintained several freedmen’s hospitals and colonies for the destitute, and provided transportation to return refugees to their homes or to convey freedmen to distant jobs.
During 1865 and 1866 much of the work of the Assistant Commissioner related to the custody of abandoned property of former supporters of the Confederacy. Officers of the Bureau leased much of the abandoned property and used the proceeds to finance Bureau activities. Sometimes buildings were utilized as Bureau offices and several abandoned plantations were used by the Assistant Commissioner as freedmen’s camps or colonies. However, the Assistant Commissioner restored most of the property, as the Commissioner directed, to former owners who signed loyalty oaths or received Presidential pardons.
The first Assistant Commissioner divided North Carolina into four districts—with headquarters located at Newbern, Raleigh, Wilmington, and Goldsboro—and thereunder into subdistricts. The officers in charge of districts were designated superintendents and those in charge of subdistricts, assistant superintendents. On July 1, 1867, the basic unit of organization for the State was changed to the subdistrict. Eleven subdistricts were established, each containing from two to four further subdivisions. The officers in charge of the subdistricts were designated subassistant commissioners, and those who administered smaller segments of the subdistrict were titled assistant subassistant commissioners. Each of the subassistant commissioners reported directly to the Assistant Commissioner.
March 1, 1868, marked the last change in the organization of the North Carolina Bureau. The State was divided into the four subdistricts of Morganton, Wilmington, Raleigh, and Goldsboro, but there was provision for smaller subdivisions in each subdistrict. This new subdivision of the State resembled the first in organizational structure, although titles for the various officers remained the same as those of the second organizational structure. By May 1869 all of the Bureau offices and functions except education, were phased out in North Carolina, and the Assistant Commissioner closed his office the first week of that month.
The following officers succeed Col. Eliphalet Whittlesey as Assistant Commissioner of North Carolina: Bvt. Maj. Gen. Thomas H. Ruger, May - June 1866; Bvt. Maj. Gen. John C. Robinson, June – November 1866; Col. James V. Bomford, November 1866 – April 1867 (Acting Assistant Commissioner); Bvt. Maj. Gen. Nelson A. Miles, April 1867 – October 1868; Bvt. Lt. Col. Jacob F. Chur, October 1868 – January 1869; Bvt. Maj. Gen. Nelson A Miles, February – March 1869; Bvt. Lt. Col. Charles E. Compton, April – May 1869.
When the Freedmen’s Bureau was abolished, its records were sent to the Office of the Adjutant General. Clerks in the Adjutant General’s Office numbered the volumes or book records and prepared “indexes” or lists of these books. In this microfilm publication the number assigned to the volume by the clerks in the Adjutant General’s Office appears in parenthesis. This number is useful only as a more precise method of identifying the volume.
Citation Note:
Courtesy of the U.S. National Archives and Records Administration, FamilySearch International, and the Smithsonian National Museum of African American History and Culture.
Access Note:
Freedmen’s Bureau Digital Collection, 1865-1872, is a product of and owned by the National Museum of African American History and Culture, Smithsonian Institution. Copyright for digital images is retained by the donor, FamilySearch International; permission for commercial use of the digital images may be requested from FamilySearch International, Intellectual Property Office, at: cor-intellectualproperty@ldschurch.org.
Topic:
American South
Freedmen's Bureau
Reconstruction, U.S. history, 1865-1877
Slaves--Emancipation
Data source:
National Museum of African American History and Culture

American ethnic writers / editors, the editors of Salem Press

Author:
Salem Press
Physical description:
3 v. (xxxvi, 1,295 p.) : ill ; 24 cm
Type:
Bio-bibliography
Dictionaries
Biography
Place:
United States
Date:
2009
Contents:
Vol. 1. Ai ; Meena Alexander ; Sherman Alexie ; Paula Gunn Allen ; Isabel Allende ; Rudolfo A. Anaya ; Maya Angelou ; Mary Antin ; Reinaldo Arenas ; Moelfi K. Asante ; Jimmy Santiago Baca ; James Baldwin ; Toni Cade Bambara ; Amiri Baraka ; Raymond Barrio ; Saul Bellow ; Arna Bontemps ; Cecilia Manguerra Brainard ; Edward Kamau Brathwaite ; Aristeo Brito ; Gwendolyn Brooks ; Claude Brown ; Roselle Brown ; Sterling A. Brown ; William Wells Brown ; Ed Bullins ; Carlos Bulosan ; Julio de Burgos ; Octavia E. Butler ; Abraham Cahan ; Hortense Calisher ; Bebe Moore Campbell ; Lorene Cary ; Carlos Castaneda ; Ana Castillo ; Lorna Dee Cervantes ; Barbara Chase-Riboud ; Denise Chavez ; Charles Waddell Cehsnutt ; Alice Childress ; Frank Chin ; Louis H. Chu ; Sandra Cisneros ; Eldridge Cleaver ; Lucille Clifton ; Jesus Colon ; Lucha Corpi ; Victor Hernandez Cruz ; Countee Cullen ; Nicholas Dante ; Angela Davis ; Samuel R. Delany ; Toi Derricotte ; Owen Dodson ; Michael Dorris ; Frederick Douglass ; Rita Dove ; W. E. B. Dubois ; Paul Laurence Dunbar ; Andrea Dworkin ; Cornelius Eady ; Lonne Elder III ; Stanley Elkin ; Ralph Ellison ; Louise Erdrich ; Martin Espada ; Percival L. Everett ; Jessie Redmon Fauset ; Rosario Ferre ; Harvey Fierstein ; Rudolph Fisher ; Maria Irene Fornes ; Charles Fuller ; Ernest J. Gaines ; Ernesto Galarza ; Christina Garcia ; Lionel G. Garcia --
Vol. 2. Henry Louis Gates, Jr. ; Allen Ginsberg ; Nikki Giovanni ; Joanne Greenberg ; Jessica Hagedorn ; Janet Campbell Hale ; Alex Haley ; Virginia Hamilton ; Lorraine Hansberry ; Joy Harjo ; Michael S. Harper ; Wilson Harris ; Robert Hayden ; Le Ly Hayslip ; Oscar Hijuelos ; Chester Himes ; Rolando Hinojosa ; Bell Hooks ; Langston Hughes ; Zora Neale Hurston ; David Henry Hwang ; Gish Jen ; Ruth Prawer Jhabvala ; Ha Jin ; Charles Johnson ; James Weldon Johnson ; Gayl Jones ; June Jordan ; Cynthia Kadohata ; William Melvin Kelley ; Adrienne Kennedy ; Jamaica Kincaid ; Martin Luther King, Jr. ; Thomas King ; Barbara Kingsolver ; Maxine Hong Kingston ; Etheridge Knight ; Joy Kogawa ; Yusef Komunyakaa ; Jerzy Kosinski ; Stanley Kunitz ; Tony Kushner ; Jhumpa Lahiri ; Nella Larsen ; Evelyn Lau ; Wendy Law-Yune ; Gus Lee ; Le-Young Lee ; Gerda Lerner ; Audre Lorder ; Eduardo Machado ; Claude McKay ; Reginald McKnight ; Terry McMillan ; D'Arcy McNickle ; James Alan McPherson ; Haki R. Madhubuti ; Clarence Major ; Bernard Malamud ; Malcolm X ; Paule Marshall ; Ved Mehta ; Louise Meriwether ; Arthur Miller ; Henry Miller ; Anchee Min ; Nicholasa Mohr ; N. Scott Momaday ; Alejandro Morales ; Toni Morrison ; Walter Mosley ; Thylias Moss ; Bhararti Mukherjee ; Albert Murray ; Walter Dean Myers ; Gloria Naylor ; Fae Myenne Ng ; John Okada ; Simon J. Ortiz ; Judith Ortiz Cofer ; Louis Owens ; Cynthia Ozick ; Grace Paley --
Vol. 3. Gordon Parks, Sr.; Suzan-Lori Parks ; Ann Petry ; Marge Piercy ; Darryl Pinckney ; Miguel Pinero ; Mary Helen Ponce ; Chaim Potok ; Dudley Randall ; John Rechy ; Ishmael Reed ; Adrienne Rich ; Mordecai Richler ; Alberto Rios ; Tomas Rivera ; Abraham Rodriguez, Jr. ; Richard Rodriguez ; Ninotchka Rosca ; Henry Roth ; Muriel Rukeyser ; Louis Rafael Sanchez ; Sonia Sanchez ; Thomas Sanchez ; George S. Schuyler ; Delmore Schwartz ; Ntozake Shange ; Bapsi Sidhwa ; Leslie Marmon Silko : Isaac Bashevis Singer ; Cathy Song ; Gary Soto ; Shelby Steele ; Virgil Suarez ; Amy Tan ; Sheila Ortiz Taylor ; Piri Thomas ; Jean Toomer ; Luis Miguel Valdez ; Jose Antonio Villarreal ; Victor Villasenor ; Helena Maria Viramontes ; Gerald R. Vizenor ; Alice Walker ; Joseph A. Walker ; Booker T. Washington ; Wendy Wasserstein ; James Welch ; Ida B. Wells-Barnett ; Cornel West ; Phillis Wheatley ; John Edgar Wideman ; Elie Wiesel ; John A. Williams ; August Wilson ; Jade Snow Wong ; Jay Wright ; Richard Wright ; Mitsuye Yamada ; Hisaye Yamamoto ; Frank Yerby ; Jose Yglesias ; Al Young
Topic:
American literature--Minority authors
Minority authors
Ethnic groups in literature
Minorities in literature
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries

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