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Texas Cavalry Medal

Artist:
Anthony de Francisci, born Palermo, Italy 1887-died New York City 1964
Medium:
bronze
Dimensions:
1 1/8 x 1 1/8 in. (2.9 x 2.9 cm) hexagonal
Type:
Sculpture-Medal
Date:
1925
Topic:
Allegory\place\Texas
Object\foliage\laurel
Emblem\seal
Object\flower\bluebonnet
Credit Line:
Smithsonian American Art Museum, Gift of Mrs. Gilda Slate
Object number:
1966.110.14
Description:
Congress commissioned the Texas Cavalry Service medal on April 16, 1924, to honor service on the Mexican border during the First World War. The Equipment Branch, Quartermaster General Department of the U.S. Army specified the acceptable imagery for the medal. This is one of two designs Anthony de Francisci created for the commission. The obverse shows the state seal with the familiar Lone Star encircled by a wreath, while the reverse depicts the bluebonnet, the state flower of Texas, surrounded by the dates of service in 1918.
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Smithsonian American Art Museum Collection
On View:
Smithsonian American Art Museum, Luce Foundation Center, 4th Floor, 46A, Drawer 3
Smithsonian American Art Museum, Luce Foundation Center
Smithsonian American Art Museum, Luce Foundation Center, 4th Floor
Data Source:
Smithsonian American Art Museum
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Cavalry Soldier on Horseback

Artist:
Winslow Homer, American, 1836–1910
Medium:
Black chalk on tan wove paper, lined
Culture:
American
Type:
figures
Drawing
Object Name:
Drawing
Made in:
USA
Date:
1863
Period:
Civil War
Credit Line:
Gift of Charles Savage Homer, Jr.
Accession Number:
1912-12-106
Catalogue Status:
Research in Progress
Description:
Vertical study of a soldier holding reigns in his left hand and a sword in his right hand, as he faces right, and sitting on horseback [horse is not deliniated].
See more items in:
Cooper Hewitt, Smithsonian Design Museum Collection
Drawings, Prints, and Graphic Design Department
Data Source:
Cooper Hewitt, Smithsonian Design Museum
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Cavalry Soldier with Sword on Horseback

Artist:
Winslow Homer, American, 1836–1910
Medium:
Black chalk on beige wove paper (darkened), lined
Culture:
American
Type:
figures
Drawing
Object Name:
Drawing
Made in:
USA
Date:
1863
Period:
Civil War
Credit Line:
Gift of Charles Savage Homer, Jr.
Accession Number:
1912-12-107
Catalogue Status:
Research in Progress
Description:
Vertical study of soldier on horseback [horse is just suggested], with a sword in the hand of his upraised right arm and the reigns in his left and.
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Cooper Hewitt, Smithsonian Design Museum Collection
Drawings, Prints, and Graphic Design Department
Data Source:
Cooper Hewitt, Smithsonian Design Museum
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Sharps Model 1863 cavalry carbine

Donor:
De Cost Smith, Non-Indian, 1864-1939
Media/Materials:
Wood, metal
Techniques:
Commercially produced/manufactured
Dimensions:
99 x 11 cm
Culture/People:
Non-Indian; collected from the Hunkpapa Lakota (Hunkpapa Sioux)
Object Type:
Firearms and accessories
Place:
Standing Rock Reservation; Sioux County; North Dakota; USA
Date Created:
1863-1866
Catalog Number:
20/1460
Collection History:
Collection history unknown; formerly in the collection of De Cost Smith (1864-1939, Western painter) and possibly collected by him between 1884 and 1900; bequeathed to MAI by Smith in 1939.
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Ethnographic Items
On View:
National Museum of the American Indian, Washington, DC
Data Source:
National Museum of the American Indian
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Insignia, First Cavalry Division, United States Army

Materials:
Natural Fabric
Felt
Dimensions:
3-D: 8.9 × 0.2 × 12.5cm (3 1/2 × 1/16 × 4 15/16 in.)
Type:
AWARDS-Insignia
Country of Origin:
United States of America
Inventory Number:
A19951134000
Rights:
Do not reproduce without permission from the Smithsonian Institution, National Air and Space Museum
Physical Description:
United States Army First Cavalry Division sleeve insignia; olive drab cotton twill shield with black bend and horse head depicted.
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National Air and Space Museum Collection
Data Source:
National Air and Space Museum
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Winchester Model 1876 .45 caliber Cavalry carbine

Donor:
Edmund B. Beaumont, Non-Indian, 1907-1999
Media/Materials:
Wood, iron alloy
Techniques:
Commercially produced/manufactured
Dimensions:
107 x 11 cm
Culture/People:
Non-Indian; collected from the Chiricahua Apache
Object Type:
Firearms and accessories
Place:
Arizona; USA (inferred)
Date Created:
1876-1885
Catalog Number:
22/2295
Collection History:
Surrendered to General George Crook (1830-1890) at Fort Bowie, Arizona in 1886 by Naiche (ca. 1857-1921); collected by Colonel Eugene Beaumont (1837-1926, U.S. Cavalry) at the time of surrender; donated to MAI by his grandson Edmund B. Beaumont in 1953.
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Ethnographic Items
On View:
National Museum of the American Indian, Washington, DC
Data Source:
National Museum of the American Indian
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Winchester Model 1876 .45 caliber Cavalry carbine

Donor:
Edmund B. Beaumont, Non-Indian, 1907-1999
Media/Materials:
Wood, iron alloy
Techniques:
Commercially produced/manufactured
Dimensions:
107 x 11 cm
Culture/People:
Non-Indian; collected from the Chiricahua Apache
Object Type:
Firearms and accessories
Place:
Arizona; USA (inferred)
Date Created:
1876-1885
Catalog Number:
22/2294
Collection History:
Surrendered to General George Crook (1830-1890) at Fort Bowie, Arizona in 1886 by Goyathlay (Geronimo, c. 1825-1909); collected by Colonel Eugene Beaumont (1837-1926, U.S. Cavalry) at the time of surrender; donated to MAI by his grandson Edmund B. Beaumont in 1953.
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Ethnographic Items
On View:
National Museum of the American Indian, Washington, DC
Data Source:
National Museum of the American Indian
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Insignia, 1st Cavalry Division, United States Army

Materials:
Gold Alloy
Copper Alloy
Enamel
Dimensions:
3-D: 2.7 × 2.1 × 1cm (1 1/16 × 13/16 × 3/8 in.)
Type:
AWARDS-Insignia
Country of Origin:
United States of America
Credit Line:
Donated by Miss Katherine M. Smart
Inventory Number:
A19710353000
Rights:
Do not reproduce without permission from the Smithsonian Institution, National Air and Space Museum
Physical Description:
United States Army 1st Cavalry Division Distinctive Insignia; gold shield with red enamel horse head in upper right corner; shield divided by three diagonal blue enamel lines.
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National Air and Space Museum Collection
Data Source:
National Air and Space Museum
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Lance

Donor Name:
Mrs. Mildred M. Hazen
Culture:
Sioux
Object Type:
Lance
Place:
Plains Northern, United States, North America
Accession Date:
1892-May-25
Topic:
Ethnology
Accession Number:
025748
USNM Number:
E154020-0
Specimen Count:
1
Record Last Modified:
18 May 2015
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Anthropology
Data Source:
NMNH - Anthropology Dept.
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Lance

Donor Name:
Musée d'Ethnographie du Trocadéro, Paris (later the Musée de l'Homme)
Object Type:
Lance
Place:
Somalia, Africa
Accession Date:
1885
Topic:
Ethnology
Accession Number:
015758
USNM Number:
E75582-0
Specimen Count:
1
Record Last Modified:
28 Nov 2014
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Anthropology
Data Source:
NMNH - Anthropology Dept.
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Navajo Lance

Donor Name:
Army Medical Museum
Collector:
Dr. J. F. Weeds
Culture:
Navajo (Diné)
Object Type:
Lance
Place:
Santa Fe, Near / Ft. Sumner, New Mexico, United States, North America
Accession Date:
1904-Jan-07
Collection Date:
1868
Topic:
Ethnology
Accession Number:
042109
USNM Number:
E10448-0
Specimen Count:
1
Notes:
Note: the accession number 42109? typed on the catalogue card is incorrect. 2090 is the correct accession number for this artifact.
Record Last Modified:
4 Dec 2014
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Anthropology
Data Source:
NMNH - Anthropology Dept.
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La cavalerie françoise et italienne, ou, L'art de bien dresser les chevaux, selon les preceptes des bonnes écoles des deux nations : tant pour le plaisir de la carriere, et des carozels que pour le service de la guerre / par Pierre de la Nove

Author:
La Noue, Pierre de
Donor:
Hewitt, Sarah Cooper DSI
Physical description:
[4], 157, [3] p. : ill. ; 36 cm. (fol.)
Type:
Electronic resources
Date:
1620
Topic:
Dressage
Horses--Training--Early works to 1800
Cavalry
Call number:
SF309.5 .L26 1620
SF309.5.L26 1620
Notes:
Engraved t.p.
Colophon: A Lyon : Par Claude Morillon ...
In some copies, the cartouche at foot of t.p. bears imprint: A Lyon : Claude Morillon, 1621; but according to La Lange, it is the same edition.
Imperfect: p. 33-34, 51-54, 107-110, and 147-148 lacking and replaced by ms. text and illustrations; also inserted is a ms. leaf after engraved t.p. DSI
Mennessier de La Lange, G. Bibl. hippique, II, p. 45.
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
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Nasir Al-Din Shah (under umbrella on black horse) with his Cavalry, on Expedition to Lar [graphic]

Creator:
Sevruguin, Antoin d. 1933
Subject:
Sevruguin, Antoin d. 1933
Smith, Myron Bement 1897-1970
Nāsir al-Dīn Shāh Shah of Iran 1831-1896
Islamic Archives
Physical description:
1 glass negative : b&w ; 17.9 cm. x 12.7 cm
Type:
Glass negatives
Place:
Asia
Iran
Date:
1880-1890
Topic:
Qajar dynasty
Royalty (Nobility)
Local number:
FSA A.4 2.12.GN.14.10
Notes:
Title and summary note are provided by Shabnam Rahimi-Golkhandan, FSg curatorial research specialist.
Antoin Sevruguin is one of the early pioneers of commercial photography in Iran. He arrived in Iran from Tbilisi, Georgia in the mid 1870s to set up shop in Ala al-Dawla street in Tehran. From the early days, Sevruguin's studio was trusted both by the Qajar court and by foreign visitors to Iran. Highly regarded for their artistic ingenuity outside Iran, Sevruguin's photographs of 'ethnic types,' architecture and landscape, and depictions of daily life of Tehran found their way into foreign travelogues, magazines and books. As such, he stands alone in a relatively large group of early Iranian photographers for being recognized and celebrated outside the boundaries of the country. Antoin Sevruguin passed away in 1933, leaving behind only a fraction of his large collection of glass negatives, which is currently in the Archives of the Freer Gallery of Art and Arthur M. Sackler Gallery.
Summary:
"Nasir al-Din Shah is depicted in almost the centre of the image on horseback and under the umbrella. On the white horse on the king's right side Aziza al-Sultan can be seen on horseback. The king and his entourage are probably on their way to Dasht-I Lar, one of the usual hunting spots of Nasir al-Din Shah." [Freer Gallery of Art and Arthur M. Sackler Gallery Archives, Curatorial Research Assistant]
- FSg curatorial research specialist remark on Antoin Sevruguin photo manipulation reads, "The sky is reddened all the way down to the mountain range."
- Myron Bement Smith handwritten caption in English reads, "47.P; Box 14.10: People." [Myron Bement Smith Collection, Subseries 2.1: Islamic Archives History, Collection Information; Box 60; Folder 44: 47 P: Antoine Sevruguin, glass negatives, Iran]
Cite as:
Myron Bement Smith Collection: Antoin Sevruguin Photographs. Freer Gallery of Art and Arthur M. Sackler Gallery Archives. Smithsonian Institution, Washington D.C. Gift of Katherine Dennis Smith, 1973-1985
See more items in:
Myron Bement Smith collection 1899-1962
Myron Bement Smith Collection, Subseries 2.12: Antoin Sevruguin Photographs
Data Source:
Freer Gallery of Art and Arthur M. Sackler Gallery Archives
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Monument dedicated to Rough Rider Buckey O'Neill, by Solon Borglum in Prescott, Arizona

Subject:
O'Neill, William Owen
United States. Army. Volunteer Cavalry, 1st
Physical description:
1 photographic print : b&w ; 17 x 11 cm.
Type:
Photographs
Place:
Prescott, Ariz.
Date:
ca. 1906
Topic:
Monuments
Public sculpture
Record number:
(DSI-AAA)11668
See more items in:
Solon H. Borglum and Borglum family papers, 1864-2002
Data Source:
Archives of American Art
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Bishapur (Iran): Sassanid Reliefs Depicting the Triumph of Shapur I over Valerian with Groups of Cavalry and Infantry Saluting the King [graphic]

Creator:
Herzfeld, Ernst 1879-1948
Subject:
Herzfeld, Ernst 1879-1948
Physical description:
1 glass negative : b&w ; 13 cm. x 18 cm
Type:
Glass negatives
Place:
Iran, Fars, Bishapur
Asia
Iran
Date:
1924
Topic:
Ancient Near Eastern Art
Animals in art
Archaeology
Headgear
Relief (Sculpture)
Royalty (Nobility)
Sassanids
Textile design
Weapons
Local number:
FSA A.6 04.GN.2790
Summary:
- Handwritten notes accompanying related print in photo file 8, vol. 1 reads, "Bīshāpūr: Shāpur and Valerian."
- Additional information from Finding Aid reads, "Subseries 4.8: Photo File 8 (2 vols.), "Sasanian Monuments," Subseries 4.8.1: vol. 1; Image No. 70 (Negative Number: 2790). Bishapur. Large panel, Shāpūr and Valerian."
Cite as:
The Ernst Herzfeld papers. Freer Gallery of Art and Arthur M. Sackler Gallery Archives. Smithsonian Institution, Washington, D.C
See more items in:
Ernst Herzfeld Papers 1899-1962
Ernst Herzfeld Papers, Series 4: Photographic Files 1903-1947
Data Source:
Freer Gallery of Art and Arthur M. Sackler Gallery Archives
Visitor Tag(s):

Bishapur (Iran): Sassanid Reliefs Depicting the Triumph of Shapur I over Valerian: Detail View of a Group of Cavalry Saluting the King [graphic]

Creator:
Herzfeld, Ernst 1879-1948
Subject:
Herzfeld, Ernst 1879-1948
Physical description:
1 glass negative : b&w ; 13 cm. x 18 cm
Type:
Glass negatives
Place:
Iran, Fars, Bishapur
Asia
Iran
Bīshāpūr (Extinct city)
Date:
1924
Topic:
Ancient Near Eastern Art
Animals in art
Archaeology
Relief (Sculpture)
Royalty (Nobility)
Sassanids
Local number:
FSA A.6 04.GN.1782
Summary:
Handwritten notes accompanying related print in photo file 8, vol. 1 reads, "Bīshāpūr: Shāpur I, left above."
Additional information from Finding Aid reads, "Subseries 4.8: Photo File 8 (2 vols.), "Sasanian Monuments," Subseries 4.8.1: vol. 1; Image No. 72 (Negative Number: 1782). Bishapur. Detail, left above. Saluting horsemen."
Cite as:
The Ernst Herzfeld papers. Freer Gallery of Art and Arthur M. Sackler Gallery Archives. Smithsonian Institution, Washington, D.C
See more items in:
Ernst Herzfeld Papers 1899-1962
Ernst Herzfeld Papers, Series 4: Photographic Files 1903-1947
Data Source:
Freer Gallery of Art and Arthur M. Sackler Gallery Archives
Visitor Tag(s):

Bishapur (Iran): Sassanid Reliefs Depicting the Triumph of Shapur I over Valerian: Detail View of a Group of Cavalry Saluting the King [graphic]

Creator:
Herzfeld, Ernst 1879-1948
Subject:
Herzfeld, Ernst 1879-1948
Physical description:
1 glass negative : b&w ; 13 cm. x 18 cm
Type:
Glass negatives
Place:
Iran, Fars, Bishapur
Asia
Iran
Bīshāpūr (Extinct city)
Date:
1924
Topic:
Ancient Near Eastern Art
Animals in art
Archaeology
Relief (Sculpture)
Royalty (Nobility)
Sassanids
Local number:
FSA A.6 04.GN.2469a
Summary:
- Handwritten notes accompanying related print in photo file 8, vol. 1 reads, "Bīshāpūr: Shāpur I, left above."
- Additional information from Finding Aid reads, "Subseries 4.8: Photo File 8 (2 vols.), "Sasanian Monuments," Subseries 4.8.1: vol. 1; Image No. 73 (Negative Number: 2469a). Bishapur. Detail, left above. Saluting horsemen."
Cite as:
The Ernst Herzfeld papers. Freer Gallery of Art and Arthur M. Sackler Gallery Archives. Smithsonian Institution, Washington, D.C
See more items in:
Ernst Herzfeld Papers 1899-1962
Ernst Herzfeld Papers, Series 4: Photographic Files 1903-1947
Data Source:
Freer Gallery of Art and Arthur M. Sackler Gallery Archives
Visitor Tag(s):

Bishapur (Iran): Sassanid Reliefs Depicting the Triumph of Shapur I over Valerian: Detail View of Second Group of Cavalry Saluting the King [graphic]

Creator:
Herzfeld, Ernst 1879-1948
Subject:
Herzfeld, Ernst 1879-1948
Physical description:
1 glass negative : b&w ; 13 cm. x 18 cm
Type:
Glass negatives
Place:
Iran, Fars, Bishapur
Asia
Iran
Bīshāpūr (Extinct city)
Date:
1924
Topic:
Ancient Near Eastern Art
Animals in art
Archaeology
Relief (Sculpture)
Royalty (Nobility)
Sassanids
Local number:
FSA A.6 04.GN.1783
Summary:
Handwritten notes accompanying related print in photo file 8, vol. 1 reads, "Bīshāpūr: Shāpur I, left below."
Additional information from Finding Aid reads, "Subseries 4.8: Photo File 8 (2 vols.), "Sasanian Monuments," Subseries 4.8.1: vol. 1; Image No. 74 (Negative Number: 1783). Bishapur. Detail. Saluting horsemen."
Cite as:
The Ernst Herzfeld papers. Freer Gallery of Art and Arthur M. Sackler Gallery Archives. Smithsonian Institution, Washington, D.C
See more items in:
Ernst Herzfeld Papers 1899-1962
Ernst Herzfeld Papers, Series 4: Photographic Files 1903-1947
Data Source:
Freer Gallery of Art and Arthur M. Sackler Gallery Archives
Visitor Tag(s):

Bishapur (Iran): Sasanian Reliefs Depicting the Triumph of Shapur I over Valerian with Groups of Cavalry and Infantry Saluting the King [graphic]

Creator:
Sevruguin, Antoin d. 1933
Subject:
Sevruguin, Antoin d. 1933
Smith, Myron Bement 1897-1970
Islamic Archives
Physical description:
1 photographic print : b&w ; 24 cm. x 18 cm
Type:
Gelatin silver prints
Photographic prints
Place:
Asia
Iran
Bīshāpūr (Extinct city)
Date:
1880s-1930
Topic:
Ancient Near Eastern Art
Animals in art
Headgear
Relief (Sculpture)
Royalty (Nobility)
Sassanids
Textile design
Local number:
FSA A.4 2.12.Sm.11
Notes:
Title and summary note are provided by Shabnam Rahimi-Golkhandan, FSg curatorial research specialist.
Antoin Sevruguin is one of the early pioneers of commercial photography in Iran. He arrived in Iran from Tbilisi, Georgia in the mid 1870s to set up shop in Ala al-Dawla street in Tehran. From the early days, Sevruguin's studio was trusted both by the Qajar court and by foreign visitors to Iran. Highly regarded for their artistic ingenuity outside Iran, Sevruguin's photographs of 'ethnic types,' architecture and landscape, and depictions of daily life of Tehran found their way into foreign travelogues, magazines and books. As such, he stands alone in a relatively large group of early Iranian photographers for being recognized and celebrated outside the boundaries of the country. Antoin Sevruguin passed away in 1933, although his family studio continued for some time as a commercial enterprise.
Summary:
- On recto of the print, handwritten number (inked, probably by Antoin Sevruguin) reads, "597."
- On verso of the print, handwritten number (penciled) reads, "38.5."
- On verso of the print (lower left corner), original stamp, in French and Persian, reads, "Photographie Sevruguin."
- On verso of the print, Myron Bement Smith caption in English reads, "Persia; Fārs; Bishapur; bas relief; Triple victory of Shapur I."
Cite as:
Myron Bement Smith Collection: Antoin Sevruguin Photographs. Freer Gallery of Art and Arthur M. Sackler Gallery Archives. Smithsonian Institution, Washington D.C. Gift of Katherine Dennis Smith, 1973-1985
See more items in:
Myron Bement Smith collection 1899-1962
Myron Bement Smith Collection, Subseries 2.12: Antoin Sevruguin Photographs
Data Source:
Freer Gallery of Art and Arthur M. Sackler Gallery Archives
Visitor Tag(s):

Bishapur (Iran): Sasanian Reliefs Depicting the Triumph of Shapur I over Valerian with Groups of Cavalry and Infantry Saluting the King [graphic]

Creator:
Sevruguin, Antoin d. 1933
Subject:
Herzfeld, Ernst 1879-1948
Sevruguin, Antoin d. 1933
Physical description:
1 photographic print : b&w ; 20 cm. x 14.9 cm
Type:
Gelatin silver prints
Photographic prints
Place:
Asia
Iran
Bīshāpūr (Extinct city)
Date:
Ca. 1900
Topic:
Ancient Near Eastern Art
Animals in art
Headgear
Relief (Sculpture)
Royalty (Nobility)
Sassanids
Local number:
FSA A.6 04.PF.27.059
Notes:
Title is provided by FSg Archives staff based on.
Antoin Sevruguin (1830s-1933) was an official photographer of the Imperial Court of Iran whose commercial photography studio was one of the most successful in Tehran from the late 1870s to about 1934. The astonishing range of Antoin Sevruguin's photographs, and the prolific output of the studio, provides today's viewer with an important resource for examining the cultural histories and hierarchical elements of Iranian society. They assist the scholar in studying architectural sites that may have been damaged or destroyed, or are unavailable for first-hand investigation. Increasingly, the prints are valued for their artistic elements that may sometimes overshadow their documentary value. Most significantly, Sevruguin's images form part of an ongoing history that links a distant past and place to the present.
Summary:
Additional information from Finding Aid reads, "Subseries 4.27: Photo File 27. 'Parthian and early Sasanian Sculptures.' Image No. 59: Bishapur. Shāpūr's triumph. Photo, Stolze."
- On recto of the print, handwritten number (inked, probably by Antoin Sevruguin) reads, "133."
Publications:
xxx
Cite as:
The Ernst Herzfeld papers. Freer Gallery of Art and Arthur M. Sackler Gallery Archives. Smithsonian Institution, Washington, D.C
See more items in:
Ernst Herzfeld Papers 1899-1962
Ernst Herzfeld Papers, Series 4: Photographic Files 1903-1947
Data Source:
Freer Gallery of Art and Arthur M. Sackler Gallery Archives
Visitor Tag(s):

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