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Balaenoptera musculus (Linnaeus, 1758)

Collector:
Collector Unknown
Ocean/Sea/Gulf:
North Atlantic Ocean, Bay of Biscay
Sex:
Unknown
Place:
Ardour, Pyrennes Atlantiques, France, Europe, North Atlantic Ocean
Collection Date:
1823
Taxonomy:
Animalia Chordata Mammalia Cetacea Balaenopteridae
Published Name:
Balaenoptera musculus (Linnaeus, 1758)
Other Numbers:
Whale Field Number 1 : No Number
USNM Number:
STR18323
Specimen Count:
1
Notes:
Adult; "apres de Bayonne, a l'embouchure de l'Adour"
Gervais 1871:90, pl. 4; Redman, N. (2014). Whales' Bones of France, Southern Europe, Middle East and North Africa. Teddington, England, Redman Publishing. p. 36
Record Last Modified:
27 May 2015
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Mammals
Vertebrate Zoology
Data Source:
NMNH - Vertebrate Zoology - Mammals Division
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Balaenoptera musculus musculus (Linnaeus, 1758)

Collector:
Balabin
Ocean/Sea/Gulf:
North Atlantic Ocean
Preparation:
Skull
Skeleton
Sex:
Female
Type Status:
Type
Type Citation:
Dewhurst. 1832. Mag. Nat. Hist. 5: 214.
Place:
Ostend, Between Belgium And England., West-Vlaanderen, Belgium, Europe, North Atlantic Ocean
Collection Date:
3 Nov 1827
Taxonomy:
Animalia Animalia Animalia Animalia Chordata Chordata Chordata Chordata Mammalia Mammalia Mammalia Mammalia Cetacea Cetacea Cetacea Cetacea Balaenopteridae Balaenopteridae Balaenopteridae Balaenopteridae
Published Name:
Balaenoptera musculus musculus (Linnaeus, 1758)
Balaenoptera sp.
Balaenoptera musculus rorqual
Balaenoptera rorqual Dewhurst, 1832
Other Numbers:
Whale Field Number 1 : No Number
Other Number : ZINN2
USNM Number:
STR7772
Specimen Count:
1
Notes:
Found floating at sea between Belgium and England. towed into Ostend. 95 french feet (= 101 british feet) long. Flower (1865) says it was 87 feet long (may have been the length of the skeleton). He also says (1865:400) that the skeleton was shipped to the United States but does not know the location. Tomilin (1967:79) states that this specimen was exhibited in Paris, London and other European capitols, United States, Crimea and then St. Petersburg where it now resides. Breda (1828) gives data on this specimen.
Dewhurst (1832 - Magazine of Natural History) gives an account of the stranding and specimen and names it Balaenoptera rorqual.
Dewhurst (1834:107-129, plate 5) gives an account of this specimen and other stranded whales that have been exhibited and a plate of the intact specimen when it stranded.
Dewhurst (1834:129) has the following: :The B. Rorqual, the subject of the preceding remarks, was originally the property of the King of Holland, it having been taken during the period he held the sovereignty of Belgium. However, in consequence of the crown of that kingdom I having been placed on the head of his Majesty Leopold I. by the Belgic nation, the proprietors, fearing that if they took the skeleton back to the continent it would be claimed by both monarchs, particularly as the King of Holland intended very properly o present it on its return to the University of Leyden* - to avoid this, I understand the proprietors have embarked with this stupendous skeleton for the United States, where they intend to exhibit it. However, in point of equity, I consider it to be the property of the Dutch monarch, he having only disposed of it conditionally to Mr. Kessels, who was to return it to him at the expiration of six years, which period terminates in the course of the present year. * His Dutch Majesty should have recollected the old proverb, "a bird in the hand is worth two in the bush,"- and at once have presented this magnificent skeleton to the Uniyersity."
The mounted skeleton of this specimen is now in the Zoological Museum in Saint Petersburg, Russia. Charles Potter visited this in October 27, 2011 and photographed the mounted skeleton on exhibit. The skull was not a typical blue whale skull and looked more like a fin whale. The baleen associated woith the skull looks black. Mead has identified this specimen tentatively as a fin whale, but it may be a hybrid between a fin and a blue.
Perrin (1988 ms) gives the following data: Balaenoptera musculus - un-numbered specimen - Oostende, Belgium - 1856, Balabin - complete mounted skeleton, on exhibit - no biological data. [ZINN0002]
St. Petersburg Museum label reads: One of the largest cetacean skeletons exhibited in the museums over the world - the length of this animal is 27 meters. The dead whale was found on the sandy beach near the city Ostende (Belgium) in 1827. For more then 20 years this skeleton was exhibited around France, England and USA, and in 1856 was bought by a state councilor V. Balabin for the Zoological Museum Imperial Academy of Science. Because of the absence of the appropriate building the skeleton was given to the Zoological Garden of Gerbgardtov in 1857 where was shown for 20 years under a specially build roof. It was exhibited back in the Zoological museum after it moved into a new building in 1900.
Gray, J. E. (1866). Catalogue of seals and whales in the British Museum. London, British Museum. p. 175-178 - Sibbaldius borealis
Redman 2009:2-9,17-18; 2010:7-8, 14, 21; 2014: 6-7, 31-34; 2014:58-59; Brewington 1969:178
Record Last Modified:
15 Jul 2015
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The blue whale, Balaenoptera musculus

Author:
Mizroch, S. A
Rice, D. W
Breiwick, J. W
Type:
Citations
Date:
1984
Topic:
Blue whale
Morphology--External morphology
External morphology--External illustration
External illustration
External morphology--External photographs
External photographs
Distribution
Abundance
Migration
Feeding - Foraging
Behavior
Reproductions
Mortality
Taxonomy:
Cetacea--Mysticetes--Balaenopteridae--Balaenoptera--musculus
Notes:
Filed with Breiwick anmd Braham 1984.
Data Source:
Marine Mammals Bibliography
Visitor Tag(s):

Blue whale - Balaenoptera musculus

Author:
Yochem, P. K
Leatherwood, S
Type:
Citations
Date:
1985
Topic:
Blue whale
Distribution
Systematics
Paleontology
Reproductions
Behavior
Feeding - Foraging
Morphology--External morphology
External morphology--External illustration
External illustration
Parasites
Pathology
Anatomy
Osteology
Coloration
Age
Biochemistry
Natural history
Growth, curve
Genetics
Taxonomy:
Cetacea--Mysticetes--Balaenopteridae--Balaenoptera--musculus
Data Source:
Marine Mammals Bibliography
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Balaenoptera musculus in the Gulf of Maine

Author:
Wenzel, F
Matilla, D. K
Clapham, P. J
Type:
Citations
Place:
Atlantic
Date:
1988
Topic:
Blue whale
Distribution
Taxonomy:
Cetacea--Mysticetes--Balaenopteridae--Balaenoptera--musculus
Data Source:
Marine Mammals Bibliography
Visitor Tag(s):

Balaenoptera musculus (Linnaeus, 1758)

Collector:
John Calambokidis
Andrea Steffen
Ocean/Sea/Gulf:
North Pacific Ocean
Sex:
Male
Place:
San Diego, 10 miles southwest of, San Diego, California, United States, North America, North Pacific Ocean
Collection Date:
15 Jul 2008
Taxonomy:
Animalia Chordata Mammalia Cetacea Balaenopteridae
Published Name:
Balaenoptera musculus (Linnaeus, 1758)
Other Numbers:
Whale Field Number 1 : No Number
USNM Number:
STR18661
Specimen Count:
1
Record Last Modified:
2 Sep 2008
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Mammals
Vertebrate Zoology
Data Source:
NMNH - Vertebrate Zoology - Mammals Division
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Balaenoptera musculus (Linnaeus, 1758)

Collector:
Collector Unknown
Ocean/Sea/Gulf:
Indian Ocean, Arabian Sea
Sex:
Female
Place:
Alibaug, Maharashtra, India, Asia, Indian Ocean
Collection Date:
24 Jun 2015
Taxonomy:
Animalia Chordata Mammalia Cetacea Balaenopteridae
Published Name:
Balaenoptera musculus (Linnaeus, 1758)
Other Numbers:
Whale Field Number 1 : No Number
USNM Number:
STR19232
Specimen Count:
1
Notes:
Indian Express - weg page - 25 VI 2015
Record Last Modified:
26 Jun 2015
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Vertebrate Zoology
Data Source:
NMNH - Vertebrate Zoology - Mammals Division
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Balaenoptera musculus (Linnaeus, 1758)

Collector:
Capt. Svend Foyn
Ocean/Sea/Gulf:
Arctic, Norwegian Sea
Preparation:
Mounted Skeleton
Remarks:
skeleton on display at MNHN, Paris
Sex:
Unknown
Place:
Norway, Europe, Arctic
Taxonomy:
Animalia Chordata Mammalia Cetacea Balaenopteridae
Published Name:
Balaenoptera musculus (Linnaeus, 1758)
Other Numbers:
Whale Field Number 1 : No Number
USNM Number:
STR19203
Specimen Count:
1
Notes:
Skeleton on display in the MNHN, Paris; donated by Svend Foyn to Pouchet in 1882. Length of skeleton = 22.73 m; weigh of skeleton = 2,939 kg; length of skull = 595 cm; weight of skull = 1,190 kg; weight of mandibles = 450 kg.
Redman, N. (2014). Whales' Bones of France, Southern Europe, Middle East and North Africa. Teddington, England, Redman Publishing. p. 39
Record Last Modified:
1 Jul 2015
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Vertebrate Zoology
Data Source:
NMNH - Vertebrate Zoology - Mammals Division
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Balaenoptera cf. musculus (Linnaeus)

Collector:
Johnson
Westgate
Place:
York County, Virginia, United States
Collection Date:
14 Feb 1974
Common name:
Baleen whale
Taxonomy:
Animalia Chordata Mammalia Cetacea Balaenopteridae
Published Name:
Balaenoptera musculus (Linnaeus)
USNM Number:
PAL360630
Specimen Count:
1
Record Last Modified:
24 Aug 2015
Skeletal Morphology:
Skull element, right periotic
Geological Age:
Cenozoic - Tertiary
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Paleogeneral
Mammals Marine
Mammalia Marine
Paleobiology
Data Source:
NMNH - Paleobiology Dept.
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Balaenoptera cf. musculus Linnaeus

Collector:
Jose Honorez
Ocean/Sea/Gulf:
Atlantic Ocean
Place:
Atlantic Ocean
Common name:
Baleen whale
Taxonomy:
Animalia Chordata Mammalia Cetacea Balaenopteridae
Published Name:
Balaenoptera musculus Linnaeus
USNM Number:
PAL214427
Specimen Count:
1
Site Number:
STATION GS-7309-063
Record Last Modified:
24 Aug 2015
Skeletal Morphology:
Skull elements, tympanic bulla
Geological Age:
Cenozoic - Quaternary
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Paleogeneral
Mammals Marine
Mammalia Marine
Paleobiology
Data Source:
NMNH - Paleobiology Dept.
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Balaenoptera cf. musculus (Linnaeus)

Place:
Beaufort County, North Carolina, United States
Common name:
Baleen whale
Taxonomy:
Animalia Chordata Mammalia Cetacea Balaenopteridae
Published Name:
Balaenoptera musculus (Linnaeus)
USNM Number:
PAL360629
Specimen Count:
1
Site Number:
42246
Record Last Modified:
24 Aug 2015
Skeletal Morphology:
Skull element, left periotic
Geological Age:
Cenozoic - Neogene - Pliocene - Hemphillian
Stratigraphy:
Chesapeake Group - Yorktown Fm
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Paleogeneral
Mammals Marine
Mammalia Marine
Paleobiology
Data Source:
NMNH - Paleobiology Dept.
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Balaenoptera cf. musculus (Linnaeus)

Place:
Beaufort County, North Carolina, United States
Common name:
Baleen whale
Taxonomy:
Animalia Chordata Mammalia Cetacea Balaenopteridae
Published Name:
Balaenoptera musculus (Linnaeus)
USNM Number:
PAL321972
Specimen Count:
1
Site Number:
42246
Record Last Modified:
24 Aug 2015
Skeletal Morphology:
Skull element, anterior right lower jaw
Geological Age:
Cenozoic - Neogene - Pliocene - Hemphillian
Stratigraphy:
Chesapeake Group - Yorktown Fm
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Mammals Marine
Mammalia Marine
Paleobiology
Data Source:
NMNH - Paleobiology Dept.
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Ultrasonic Sounds Recorded in the Presence of a Blue Whale Balaenoptera musculus

Author:
Beamish, P
Mitchell, E
Type:
Citations
Date:
1971
Topic:
Blue whale
Acoustics
Behavior
Taxonomy:
Cetacea--Mysticetes--Balaenopteridae--Balaenoptera--musculus
Data Source:
Marine Mammals Bibliography
Visitor Tag(s):

Diurnal changes in respiratory rate of a blue whale Balaenoptera musculus; and "sleep" in Mysticeti

Author:
Mitchell, E. D
Type:
Citations
Date:
1985
Topic:
Blue whale
Behavior
Physiology
Taxonomy:
Cetacea--Mysticetes--Balaenopteridae--Balaenoptera--musculus
Data Source:
Marine Mammals Bibliography
Visitor Tag(s):

Balaenoptera musculus (Linnaeus, 1758)

Collector:
Collector Unknown
Ocean/Sea/Gulf:
North Atlantic Ocean, North Sea
Preparation:
Skull
Skeleton
Sex:
Unknown
Place:
Netherlands, Europe, North Atlantic Ocean
Taxonomy:
Animalia Chordata Mammalia Cetacea Balaenopteridae
Published Name:
Balaenoptera musculus (Linnaeus, 1758)
Other Numbers:
Whale Field Number 1 : No Number
USNM Number:
STR13951
Specimen Count:
1
Record Last Modified:
20 Jul 2011
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Mammals
Vertebrate Zoology
Data Source:
NMNH - Vertebrate Zoology - Mammals Division
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Balaenoptera musculus (Linnaeus, 1758)

Collector:
Collector Unknown
Ocean/Sea/Gulf:
North Atlantic Ocean
Sex:
Unknown
Place:
Denmark, Europe, North Atlantic Ocean
Collection Date:
1836
Taxonomy:
Animalia Chordata Mammalia Cetacea Balaenopteridae
Published Name:
Balaenoptera musculus (Linnaeus, 1758)
Other Numbers:
Whale Field Number 1 : No Number
USNM Number:
STR13949
Specimen Count:
1
Record Last Modified:
19 Jul 2011
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Mammals
Vertebrate Zoology
Data Source:
NMNH - Vertebrate Zoology - Mammals Division
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Balaenoptera musculus (Linnaeus, 1758)

Collector:
G. M. Allen
Ocean/Sea/Gulf:
North Atlantic Ocean, Placentia Bay
Bay/Sound:
Placentia Bay
Preparation:
Photograph
Remarks:
View of live animal at sea
Sex:
Unknown
Place:
Placentia Bay, Newfoundland, Canada, North America, North Atlantic Ocean
Collection Date:
Sep 1903
Taxonomy:
Animalia Chordata Mammalia Cetacea Balaenopteridae
Published Name:
Balaenoptera musculus (Linnaeus, 1758)
Other Numbers:
Whale Field Number 1 : No Number
USNM Number:
STR2018
Specimen Count:
1
Record Last Modified:
24 May 2007
See more items in:
Mammals
Vertebrate Zoology
Data Source:
NMNH - Vertebrate Zoology - Mammals Division
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Additional Online Media:

Balaenoptera musculus (Linnaeus, 1758)

Collector:
J. Freeman
Ocean/Sea/Gulf:
North Atlantic Ocean
Preparation:
Photograph
Remarks:
View of carcass
Sex:
Unknown
Place:
Nantucket Island?, Nantucket, Massachusetts, United States, North America, North Atlantic Ocean
Taxonomy:
Animalia Chordata Mammalia Cetacea Balaenopteridae
Published Name:
Balaenoptera musculus (Linnaeus, 1758)
Other Numbers:
Whale Field Number 1 : No Number
USNM Number:
STR2022
Specimen Count:
1
Record Last Modified:
23 Mar 2010
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Mammals
Vertebrate Zoology
Data Source:
NMNH - Vertebrate Zoology - Mammals Division
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Balaenoptera musculus (Linnaeus, 1758)

Collector:
Collector Unknown
Ocean/Sea/Gulf:
North Atlantic Ocean ?, Gulf Of Mexico ?
Preparation:
Photograph
Remarks:
Views of mandibles
Sex:
Unknown
Place:
Locality Unknown, Locality Unknown, United States ?, North America ?, North Atlantic Ocean ?
Taxonomy:
Animalia Chordata Mammalia Cetacea Balaenopteridae
Published Name:
Balaenoptera musculus (Linnaeus, 1758)
Other Numbers:
Whale Field Number 1 : No Number
USNM Number:
STR2016
Specimen Count:
1
Record Last Modified:
24 May 2007
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Mammals
Vertebrate Zoology
Data Source:
NMNH - Vertebrate Zoology - Mammals Division
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Balaenoptera musculus (Linnaeus, 1758)

Collector:
A. S. Oliger
Ocean/Sea/Gulf:
North Pacific Ocean, Bering Sea
Preparation:
Photograph
Remarks:
View of carcass
Sex:
Unknown
Place:
Akutan, Aleutian Islands, Alaska, United States, North America, North Pacific Ocean
Taxonomy:
Animalia Chordata Mammalia Cetacea Balaenopteridae
Published Name:
Balaenoptera musculus (Linnaeus, 1758)
Other Numbers:
Whale Field Number 1 : No Number
USNM Number:
STR2017
Specimen Count:
1
Record Last Modified:
24 May 2007
See more items in:
Mammals
Vertebrate Zoology
Data Source:
NMNH - Vertebrate Zoology - Mammals Division
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