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Thomas F. Purner photographs of Algonquian birch bark canoe, undated

view Thomas F. Purner photographs of Algonquian birch bark canoe, undated digital asset number 1
Photographer or collector:
Purner, Thomas F
Physical description:
3 color prints
Culture:
Algonquian Indians
Indians of North America Northeast
Type:
Photographs
Collection descriptions
Date:
undated
Notes:
The canoe was built in 1940 by William Tennisco of Calabogie, Ontario. Tennisco was a member of the Golden Lake Band.
Summary:
Photographs made or collected by Thomas Purner that depict a birch bark canoe and paddles.
Cite as:
Photo Lot 89-22, Thomas F. Purner photographs of Algonquian birch bark canoe, National Anthropological Archives, Smithsonian Institution
Topic:
Canoes and canoeing
Local number:
NAA Photo Lot 89-22
USNM ACC 361008
Data Source:
National Anthropological Archives
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Truman Michelson notes on various Algonquian languages, undated

view Truman Michelson notes on various Algonquian languages, undated digital asset number 1
Creator:
Michelson, Truman 1879-1938
Physical description:
49 pages
Culture:
Algonquian Indians
Indians of North America Northeast
Type:
Notes
Collection descriptions
Date:
undated
Summary:
Truman Michelson's handwritten linguistic notes with paradigms (some extracted from the literature) for the following languages: Montagnais, Menominee, Meskwaki (Fox), Cree, Natick, Ojibwa, Passamaquoddy, and Shawnee.
Cite as:
Manuscript 2691, National Anthropological Archives, Smithsonian Institution
Topic:
Cree language
Fox language
Menominee language
Montagnais language
Ojibwa language
Passamaquoddy language
Shawnee language
Wampanoag language
Algonquian languages
Language and languages--Documentation
Linguistics
Local number:
NAA MS 2691
See more items in:
Numbered manuscripts 1850s-1980s (some earlier)
Data Source:
National Anthropological Archives
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[An aged Algonquian man in his winter garment, from a watercolor drawing]

view [An aged Algonquian man in his winter garment, from a watercolor drawing] digital asset number 1
Creator:
White, John
Physical description:
glass negative
Culture:
Algonquian Southern
Indians of North America Northeast
Algonquian Indians
Type:
Photographs
Summary:
Original watercolor made by John White in 1585 and is in the British Museum.
Cite as:
BAE GN 18714, National Anthropological Archives, Smithsonian Institution
Local number:
BAE GN 18714
See more items in:
Glass Negatives of Indians (Collected by the Bureau of American Ethnology) 1850s-1930s
Data Source:
National Anthropological Archives

Truman Michelson notes on Cheyenne vocabulary with comparisons to Central Algonquian languages, circa 1930s

view Truman Michelson notes on Cheyenne vocabulary with comparisons to Central Algonquian languages, circa 1930s digital asset number 1
Collector:
Michelson, Truman 1879-1938
Creator:
Petter, Rodolphe
Physical description:
40 cards
Culture:
Cheyenne Indians
Algonquian Indians
Indians of North America Northeast
Indians of North America Great Plains
Type:
Card files
Collection descriptions
Vocabulary
Date:
1930
1930-1939
circa 1930s
Summary:
Cards containing Truman Michelson's handwritten notes on Cheyenne vocabulary with comparisons to Central Algonquian (Fox, Cree, Delaware, Ojibwa, etc.) terms. The Bureau of American Ethnology catalog card indicates that some words were "extracted from Petter," most likely a reference to Rodolphe Petter's English-Cheyenne Dictionary (1915).
Cite as:
Manuscript 3216, National Anthropological Archives, Smithsonian Institution
Topic:
Cheyenne language
Algonquian languages
Local number:
NAA MS 3216
See more items in:
Numbered manuscripts 1850s-1980s (some earlier)
Data Source:
National Anthropological Archives
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Truman Michelson notes on phonetic correspondences of Cheyenne with other Algonquian languages, circa 1931-1932

view Truman Michelson notes on phonetic correspondences of Cheyenne with other Algonquian languages, circa 1931-1932 digital asset number 1
Creator:
Michelson, Truman 1879-1938
Physical description:
46 cards
Culture:
Cheyenne Indians
Algonquian Indians
Indians of North America Northeast
Indians of North America Great Plains
Type:
Card files
Collection descriptions
Date:
1931
1931-1932
circa 1931-1932
Summary:
Set of card files with handwritten notes by Truman Michelson on phonetic correspondences of Cheyenne with other Algonquian languages.
Cite as:
Manuscript 3188-a, National Anthropological Archives, Smithsonian Institution
Topic:
Cheyenne language
Algonquian languages
Language and languages--Documentation
Linguistics
Phonetics
Local number:
NAA MS 3188-a
See more items in:
Numbered manuscripts 1850s-1980s (some earlier)
Data Source:
National Anthropological Archives
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Truman Michelson note with citation for article identifying Arapaho as an Algonquian language, undated

view Truman Michelson note with citation for article identifying Arapaho as an Algonquian language, undated digital asset number 1
Creator:
Michelson, Truman 1879-1938
Physical description:
1 page
Culture:
Algonquian Indians
Arapaho Indians
Indians of North America Northeast
Indians of North America Great Plains
Type:
Notes
Collection descriptions
Date:
undated
Summary:
Note by Truman Michelson consisting of a bibliographic citation for an R.G. Latham article that identifies Arapaho as an Algonquian language.
Cite as:
Manuscript 2816, National Anthropological Archives, Smithsonian Institution
Topic:
Arapaho language
Language and languages--Documentation
Local number:
NAA MS 2816
See more items in:
Numbered manuscripts 1850s-1980s (some earlier)
Data Source:
National Anthropological Archives
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Edward Sapir notes on vocabularies of Algonquian languages, circa 1911

view Edward Sapir notes on vocabularies of Algonquian languages, circa 1911 digital asset number 1
Creator:
Sapir, Edward 1884-1939
Collector:
Michelson, Truman 1879-1938
Physical description:
28 pages
Culture:
Cree Rupert's House
Delaware Indians
Malecite Indians
Montagnais Indians
Micmac Indians
Indians of North America Northeast
Abenaki Indians
Indians of North America Subarctic
Cree Indians
Indians of North America Great Plains
Type:
Vocabulary
Collection descriptions
Date:
1911
circa 1911
Summary:
Edward Sapir's typed notes on the vocabularies of various Algonquian languages that he collected in 1911. List of languages covered: Delaware, pages 1-6; Abnaki (Pierreville), page 7-12; Malecite (Riviere du Loup, Thomas Paul), pages 13-17; Micmac, pages 18-23, Cree (Rupert's House), pages 24-25; Montagnais (Louis Clairie, Pointe Bleue), pages 26-28. There are annotations and corrections in ink in Sapir's handwriting (identified by Mary Haas, 4/58). There are also pencil additions signed by Michelson; perhaps all of the pencil additions are his.
Cite as:
Manuscript 2806, National Anthropological Archives, Smithsonian Institution
Topic:
Algonquian languages
Munsee language
Abenaki language
Passamaquoddy language
Micmac language
Cree language
Montagnais language
Language and languages--Documentation
Linguistics
Local number:
NAA MS 2806
See more items in:
Numbered manuscripts 1850s-1980s (some earlier)
Data Source:
National Anthropological Archives
Additional Online Media:

John Peabody Harrington papers: Algonquian, circa 1907-circa 1957

view John Peabody Harrington papers: Algonquian, circa 1907-circa 1957 digital asset number 1
Creator:
Harrington, John Peabody 1884-1961
Michelson, Truman 1879-1938
Hewitt, J. N. B (John Napoleon Brinton) 1859-1937
Speck, Frank G (Frank Gouldsmith) 1881-1950
Voegelin, C. F (Charles Frederick) 1906-1986
Physical description:
2 boxes
Culture:
Cheyenne language
Fox Indians
Menominee Indians
Miami Indians
Mohegan Indians
Pequot Indians
Montauk Indians
Montagnais Indians
Nanticoke Indians
Piscataway Indians
Ojibwa Indians
Potawatomi Indians
Type:
Vocabulary
Date:
1907
1907-1957
circa 1907-circa 1957
Summary:
This subseries of the Northeast/Southeast series contains John P. Harrington's Algonquian research. It consists primarily of material he collected; there is very little original data, most of which are undated. The topics covered are Cheyenne grammar, Fox linguistic notes, Menominee grammar, Miami-Peoria grammar, Mohegan-Pequot-Montauk vocabulary, Montagnais miscellaneous notes, Nanticoke-Conoy-Unalachtigo linguistic notes, Ojibwa linguistic notes, Potawatomi linguistic notes, and comparative and miscellaneous notes.
The Cheyenne material consist of two pages of grammatical excerpts from Rodolphe Petter's English-Cheyenne Dictionary (1915).
The Fox notes stem from conversations which Harrington had with Truman Michelson on the Fox syllabary and grammar. One note is dated September 24, 1924; others are undated. One page gives the etymology of the word Chicago and a Potawatomi equivalent. Phonetic material (former B.A.E. MS 6021 pt. and 6025pt.) is based on William Jones's "Algonquian (Fox)" (1911). A bibliography is included, mainly on Michelson's publications and manuscripts which he submitted to the B.A.E.
The Menominee files contain a phonetic key from Leonard Bloomfield's Menomini Texts (1928), a short report on a conversation with Michelson (former B.A.E. MS 6025pt. and 6030), and a brief description of Menominee tentshaking was excerpted from W. J. Hoffman's The Menomini Indians (1896).
Miami-Peoria vocabulary were copied from Albert Gatschet's B.A.E. manuscripts 3025 and 3026b. (Those entries marked 3026b are no longer listed as part of that B.A.E. manuscript.)
An 1890 copy of a 1798 Montauk vocabulary taken by John Lyon Gardiner was loaned to Harrington by Foster H. Saville. There are also a three-page typescript of this manuscript and several pages of a Mohegan-Pequot bibliography.
For Montagnais, there are three bibliographical notes. Two placenames came from J.N.B. Hewitt in November 1926.
Reading notes on Nanticoke, Conoy, and Unalachtigo were taken principally from Speck's The Nanticoke and Conoy Indians . .. (1927) and from Hodge's "Handbook" (1907). Some linguistic and ethnohistoric material is included and there is a brief bibliography.
Ojibwa forms the largest portion of this subseries. It includes notes from a joint interview conducted most likely in 1940 with C. F. Voegelin and his informant, Gregor McGregor, who was technically considered a speaker of Ottawa. There are also notes Harrington took of Voegelin's lecture at the University of Michigan on June 25, 1940 (former B.A.E. MS 6020pt.). There is a slight emphasis on placenames in an otherwise random vocabulary. From James Hammond Trumbull's Notes on Forty Algonkin Versions of the Lord's Prayer (1873), Harrington copied the Southern Chippeway version (pp. 74 -75) and penciled in a slightly different English translation. A final potpourri of undated notes includes a miscellaneous vocabulary from secondary sources and a few pages of grammatical material. The etymologies of several Ojibwa words are briefly developed. Frederic Baraga's A Dictionary of the Otchipwe Language is the most frequently cited source (former B.A.E. MS 6020pt. and 6025pt.).
The Potawatomi files contain material from Harrington's interview with Chief Simon Kahquados in Blackwell, Wisconsin (n.d.) with whom he recorded general ethnographic information, particularly regarding the loss of Potawatomi lands due to Indian Office policies and illegal acts of the Menominee. A brief vocabulary is included. Unrelated to this interview is a Potawatomi phoneme chart.
Comparative material includes reading notes regarding the earliest appearances of certain Algonquian phonetic sounds. Harrington consulted primarily the works of Sir Isaac Pitman, Jean Claude Mathevet (Nipissing, Abnaki), and Silas Tertius Rand (Micmac). Additional peripheral bibliographical information is identified in the notes. The only date recorded is March 26, 1951. There are other scattered reading notes with Menominee, Cree, Fox, and Ojibwa phonetic comparisons, based mainly on Leonard Bloomfield's Menomini Texts (1938) and Plains Cree Texts (1934). One page of Arapaho terms was copied from Kroeber.
In the category of general linguistic and ethnographic notes (former B.A.E. ms. 6025pt.), information results from various conversations with fellow linguists: Truman Michelson and J.N.B. Hewitt on September 24, 1924; Hewitt in November 1924 and November 1926; Michelson in October 1930; and Michelson and Frank G. Speck in May 1934. Under the heading "The Southern Delawares," Harrington arranged random information on the Virginia Indians, touching briefly on history and ethnography. He included some Abnaki, Cree, and Cherokee linguistic terms, as well as a general bibliography. Vocabulary material in this series (former B.A.E. MS 6025pt.) consists of terms from various Algonquian languages, most probably taken from unidentified printed sources. One note gives "The Chief from Mass[achusetts]" as an informant. One group of terms is compared with Natick words and with a vocabulary recorded by Roger Williams.
Cite as:
Northeast/Southeast: Algonquian, John Peabody Harrington papers, National Anthropological Archives, Smithsonian Institution
Topic:
Algonquian languages
Abenaki language
Cree language
Cherokee language
Cheyenne language
Fox language
Menominee language
Miami language (Ind. and Okla.)
Mohegan language
Montagnais language
Nanticoke language
Ojibwa language
Potawatomi language
Language and languages--Documentation
Linguistics
Ethnology
Names, Geographical
Local number:
Accession #1976-95
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John Peabody Harrington papers: Northeast/Southeast, 1907-1957
Data Source:
National Anthropological Archives

Notes on Algonquian languages collected by Truman Michelson at Carlisle Indian Industrial School, 1911-1912

view Notes on Algonquian languages collected by Truman Michelson at Carlisle Indian Industrial School, 1911-1912 digital asset number 1
Creator:
Michelson, Truman 1879-1938
Belgarde, Mary
Groesbeck, Bruce
Allen, Grover
Kachicum, Louise
Azure, Patrick
Masta, Flora
Morse, Dorothy
Subject:
United States Indian School (Carlisle, Pa.)
Physical description:
43 pages
Culture:
Indians of North America Northeast
Indians of North America Great Plains
Algonquian Indians
Cree Indians
Ojibwa Indians
Arapaho Indians
Abenaki Indians
Kickapoo Indians
Potawatomi Indians
Menominee Indians
Type:
Field notes
Collection descriptions
Vocabulary
Date:
1911
1911-1912
Summary:
Truman Michelson's handwritten linguistic notes on various Algonquian languages from his work with students at Carlisle Indian Industrial School in Pennsylvania during the winter of 1911-1912. The notes include information about the students he worked with, vocabulary, grammar, and an Arapaho text. Mary Belgarde and Patrick Azure provided information on Turtle Mountain Chippewa (which Michelson determined is Cree); Dorothy Morse on Northern Chippewa (near Duluth); Flora Masta on Abenaki; Grover Allen (a Kickapoo) on Potawatomi; Louise Kitchikum (likely Kachicum) on Menominee; and Bruce Groesbeck on Northern Arapaho.
Publications:
See 28th Annual Report B.A.E., pages 225 and 33rd Annual Report, B.A.E., page 25
Cite as:
Manuscript 2703, National Anthropological Archives, Smithsonian Institution
Topic:
Cree language
Ojibwa language
Abenaki language
Potawatomi language
Menominee language
Language and languages--Documentation
Linguistics
Local number:
NAA MS 2703
See more items in:
Numbered manuscripts 1850s-1980s (some earlier)
Data Source:
National Anthropological Archives
Additional Online Media:

Secotan, Village of 1585

view Secotan, Village of 1585 digital asset number 1
Creator:
White, John
Physical description:
1 8x10 in photograph
Culture:
Algonquian Southern village
Type:
Photographs
Place:
North Carolina
Date:
1585
Cite as:
Negative 2860 WW 3, National Anthropological Archives, Smithsonian Institution
Local number:
OPPS NEG 2860 WW 3
See more items in:
Glass Negatives of Indians (Collected by the Bureau of American Ethnology) 1850s-1930s
Data Source:
National Anthropological Archives

Watercolor Drawing by John White, 1585, Depicting "A Sooth- Sayer (The Flyer)" n.d

view Watercolor Drawing by John White, 1585, Depicting "A Sooth- Sayer (The Flyer)" n.d digital asset number 1
Subject:
British Museum
Physical description:
1 photoprint 004 in x 006 in
Culture:
Algonquian Southern
Indians of North America Northeast
Algonquian Indians
Type:
Photographs
Postcards
Date:
nd
Cite as:
Photo Lot 24 SPC Se S Algonquian NM No # 01755700, National Anthropological Archives, Smithsonian Institution
Local number:
NAA INV 01755700
See more items in:
Photographs of American Indians and Other Subjects 1840s-1960s
Data Source:
National Anthropological Archives
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Watercolor Drawing by John White, 1585, Depicting Chief In Native Dress with Body Paint n.d

view Watercolor Drawing by John White, 1585, Depicting Chief In Native Dress with Body Paint n.d digital asset number 1
Subject:
British Museum
Physical description:
1 photomechanical print 004 in x 006 in
Culture:
Algonquian Southern
Indians of North America Northeast
Algonquian Indians
Type:
Photographs
Postcards
Date:
nd
Cite as:
Photo Lot 24 SPC Se S Algonquian NM No # 01755500, National Anthropological Archives, Smithsonian Institution
Local number:
NAA INV 01755500
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Photographs of American Indians and Other Subjects 1840s-1960s
Data Source:
National Anthropological Archives
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Watercolor Drawing by John White, 1585, Depicting Chief's Wife and Daughter from Pomeiock (NC) n.d

view Watercolor Drawing by John White, 1585, Depicting Chief's Wife and Daughter from Pomeiock (NC) n.d digital asset number 1
Subject:
British Museum
Physical description:
1 photomechanical print 004 in x 006 in
Culture:
Algonquian Southern
Indians of North America Northeast
Algonquian Indians
Type:
Photographs
Postcards
Date:
nd
Cite as:
Photo Lot 24 SPC Se S Algonquian NM No # 01755600, National Anthropological Archives, Smithsonian Institution
Local number:
NAA INV 01755600
See more items in:
Photographs of American Indians and Other Subjects 1840s-1960s
Data Source:
National Anthropological Archives
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Watercolor Drawing by John White, 1585, Depicting Village Of Pomeiock (Near Mouth of Gibbs Creek, Hyde County, NC) n.d

view Watercolor Drawing by John White, 1585, Depicting Village Of Pomeiock (Near Mouth of Gibbs Creek, Hyde County, NC) n.d digital asset number 1
Subject:
British Museum
Physical description:
1 photoprint 006 in x 006 in mounted on 007 in x 007 in
Culture:
Algonquian Southern
Indians of North America Northeast
Algonquian Indians
Type:
Photographs
Date:
nd
Cite as:
Photo Lot 24 SPC Se S Algonquian NM No # 01755800, National Anthropological Archives, Smithsonian Institution
Local number:
NAA INV 01755800
OPPS NEG 18728
See more items in:
Photographs of American Indians and Other Subjects 1840s-1960s
Data Source:
National Anthropological Archives
Additional Online Media:

Watercolor Drawing by John White, 1585, Depicting Village Of Secoton (Secota) (NC) n.d

view Watercolor Drawing by John White, 1585, Depicting Village Of Secoton (Secota) (NC) n.d digital asset number 1
Subject:
British Museum
Physical description:
1 photoprint 004 in x 007 in mounted on 006 in x 008 in
Culture:
Algonquian Southern
Indians of North America Northeast
Algonquian Indians
Type:
Photographs
Date:
nd
Cite as:
Photo Lot 24 SPC Se S Algonquian NM No # 01755900, National Anthropological Archives, Smithsonian Institution
Local number:
NAA INV 01755900
OPPS NEG 18729
See more items in:
Photographs of American Indians and Other Subjects 1840s-1960s
Data Source:
National Anthropological Archives
Additional Online Media:

["The Flyer" or "The Conjurer"]

view ["The Flyer" or "The Conjurer"] digital asset number 1
Creator:
White, John
Physical description:
glass negative
Culture:
Algonquian Southern
Indians of North America Northeast
Algonquian Indians
Type:
Photographs
Summary:
Original watercolor made by John White in 1585 and is in the British Museum.
Cite as:
BAE GN 18716, National Anthropological Archives, Smithsonian Institution
Local number:
BAE GN 18716
See more items in:
Glass Negatives of Indians (Collected by the Bureau of American Ethnology) 1850s-1930s
Data Source:
National Anthropological Archives

["Their manner of praying with their rattles about the fire"]

view ["Their manner of praying with their rattles about the fire"] digital asset number 1
Creator:
White, John
Physical description:
glass negative
Culture:
Algonquian Southern
Indians of North America Northeast
Algonquian Indians
Type:
Photographs
Summary:
Original watercolor made by John White in 1585 and is in the British Museum.
Cite as:
BAE GN 18717, National Anthropological Archives, Smithsonian Institution
Local number:
BAE GN 18717
See more items in:
Glass Negatives of Indians (Collected by the Bureau of American Ethnology) 1850s-1930s
Data Source:
National Anthropological Archives

["Theire sitting at meate"]

view ["Theire sitting at meate"] digital asset number 1
Creator:
White, John
Physical description:
glass negative
Culture:
Algonquian Southern
Indians of North America Northeast
Algonquian Indians
Type:
Photographs
Summary:
Original watercolor made by John White in 1585 and is in the British Museum.
Cite as:
BAE GN 18718, National Anthropological Archives, Smithsonian Institution
Local number:
BAE GN 18718
See more items in:
Glass Negatives of Indians (Collected by the Bureau of American Ethnology) 1850s-1930s
Data Source:
National Anthropological Archives

["One of the wyues of Wyngyno" (A young gentlewoman of Secota)]

view ["One of the wyues of Wyngyno" (A young gentlewoman of Secota)] digital asset number 1
Creator:
White, John
Physical description:
glass negative
Culture:
Algonquian Southern
Indians of North America Northeast
Algonquian Indians
Type:
Photographs
Summary:
Original watercolor made by John White in 1585 and is in the British Museum.
Cite as:
BAE GN 18720, National Anthropological Archives, Smithsonian Institution
Local number:
BAE GN 18720
See more items in:
Glass Negatives of Indians (Collected by the Bureau of American Ethnology) 1850s-1930s
Data Source:
National Anthropological Archives

["A Cheife Herowan" (a chief lord of Roanoke)]

view ["A Cheife Herowan" (a chief lord of Roanoke)] digital asset number 1
Creator:
White, John
Physical description:
glass negative
Culture:
Algonquian Southern
Indians of North America Northeast
Algonquian Indians
Type:
Photographs
Summary:
Original watercolor made by John White in 1585 and is in the British Museum.
Cite as:
BAE GN 18722, National Anthropological Archives, Smithsonian Institution
Local number:
BAE GN 18722
See more items in:
Glass Negatives of Indians (Collected by the Bureau of American Ethnology) 1850s-1930s
Data Source:
National Anthropological Archives

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