Rockefeller Institute for Medical Research biologist and surgeon Alexis Carrel (1873-1944) won Nobel Prize in medicine in 1912. This is a copy of a studio photo inscribed to "Dr. Erwin F. Smith with my best regards, New York, January 14, 1927."
overall: 45 cm x 20 cm x 11 cm; 17 23/32 in x 7 7/8 in x 4 11/32 in
United States: New York, New York
Health & Medicine
Hallowell, Christopher. Charles Lindbergh's Artificial Heart
This perfusion pump was invented by aviator Charles Lindbergh and Dr. Alexis Carrel, recipient of the 1912 Nobel Prize for Physiology and Medicine for his work in vascular surgery.
The glass pump was used to preserve animal organs outside the body, by pushing "artificial blood" through the pump and into the organ by way of a tube connected to the organ's artery keeping the organ alive for weeks. The Lindbergh-Carrel perfusion pump led to the development of the heart-lung machine and the feasibility of stopping the heart for open-heart surgery.
The immortalists : Charles Lindbergh, Dr. Alexis Carrel, and their daring quest to live forever / David M. Friedman
Charles Lindbergh, Dr. Alexis Carrel, and their daring quest to live forever
Friedman, David M. 1949-
Lindbergh, Charles A (Charles Augustus) 1902-1974
Carrel, Alexis 1873-1944
337 p.,  p. of plates : ill., ports. ; 24 cm
Life spans (Biology)--Research
Preservation of organs, tissues, etc--Research
The true story of how, 75 years ago, two men--one the most famous man in the world, the other thought by many to be the world's smartest--searched for a scientific path to a life without death. In 1927 Lindbergh was the first person to fly non-stop from New York to Paris, a feat most people then thought impossible. In 1930, Lindbergh met Alexis Carrel, then regarded as the most brilliant doctor who ever lived. Lindbergh's sister-in-law suffered from a heart condition that her doctors deemed hopeless, and he didn't understand why they could not simply replace her heart with a mechanical pump. Carrel himself was pursuing similar ideas, and a friendship and scientific partnership began, attempting to build a machine that could keep whole organs alive. They thought that this process could potentially render certain chosen human beings immortal.--From publisher description
Charles Augustus Lindbergh (1902-1974), was born in Detroit, Michigan, on February 4, 1902. He began his flying career in 1922, studying aeronautics with the Nebraska Aircraft Corporation. In 1924 he enrolled as a flying cadet in the Army Air Service at Brooks Field, Texas and in 1926 became a airmail pilot, flying the route from St. Louis to Chicago. In 1927 he obtained backing to compete for the Raymond Orteig prize of $25,000 offered for the first nonstop flight between New York and Paris. Lindbergh took off on May 20, 1927, flying alone in the Spirit of St. Louis. Thirty-three hours thirty minutes later, he landed at LeBourget Field near Paris, where over 100,000 people had gathered to give him an enthusiastic welcome. After the flight Lindbergh flew to various countries as part of a good will tour. During this time he met Anne Spencer Morrow, who he married in 1929. Beyond his accomplishments in aviation, Lindbergh also worked on the invention of an artificial heart between 1931 and 1935 with the French surgeon Alexis Carrel. Lindbergh's personal life was marked by tragedy when the Lindberghs' 20-month-old son, Charles Augustus, Jr., was kidnapped and murdered. Charles Lindbergh was to later to encounter criticism stemming from his isolationist views and membership in America First Committee before War World II. During the war he was sent to the Pacific as an advisor to the US Army and Navy. After the Allied victory, Lindbergh worked as a aviation consultant for Pan America World Airways. In 1953 he wrote the Pulitzer Prize-winning The Spirit of St. Louis. His later years were spent in conservation workh
This collection consists of one 3.5 x 5.5 black and white photograph, one 3 x 5 black and white photograph, and six 3.5 x 5 black and white photographs. The photographs depict Charles Lindbergh on his return to the United States aboard the USS Memphis following his historic flight to France. Also included is one 2.5 x 4 black and white photograph of Lindbergh in San Diego prior to his departure to France
Charles Lindbergh USS Memphis Photographs, Accession 2006-0056, National Air and Space Museum, Smithsonian Institution
Popular eugenics : national efficiency and American mass culture in the 1930s / edited by Susan Currell and Christina Cogdell
x, 406 p. : ill ; 24 cm
Eugenics in literature
Eugenics in motion pictures
Introduction / Susan Currell -- A new deal for the child : Ann Cooper Hewitt and sterilization in the 1930s / Wendy Kline -- Eugenic decline and recovery in self-improvement literature of the thirties / Susan Currell -- "Drilling eugenics into people's minds" : expertise, public opinion, and biopolitics in Alexis Carrel's Man, the unknown / Andrés H. Reggiani -- "Explaining sexual life to your daughter" : gender and eugenic education in the United States during the 1930s / Michael A. Rembis -- Defending Jeeter : conservative arguments against eugenics in the Depression era South / Betsy L. Nies -- Poor whites and the Federal Writers' Project : the rhetoric of eugenics in the southern life histories / Stephen Fender -- The descent of Yoknapatawpha : eugenics and the origins of Faulkner's world / Barbara E. Ladner -- The American Adonis : a natural history of the "average American" (man), 1921-32 / Mary K. Coffey -- Smooth flow : biological efficiency and streamline design / Christina Cogdell -- Apes, men, and teeth : Earnest A. Hooton and eugenic decay / Nicole Rafter -- Classical bodies versus the criminal carnival : eugenics ideology in 1930s popular art / Kerry Soper -- Scientific selection on the silver screen : madcap eugenics in College holiday / Karen A. Keely -- Monsters in the bed : the horror-film eugenics of Dracula and Frankenstein / Angela Marie Smith -- The Nazi eugenics exhibit in the United States, 1934-43 / Robert Rydell, Christina Cogdell, and Mark Largent