National Congress of American Indians records, 1933-1990 (bulk 1944-1989)
National Congress of American Indians
Bronson, Ruth Muskrat
Curry, James E. 1907-1972
Harjo, Suzan Shown
McNickle, D'Arcy 1904-1977
Peterson, Helen L
Snake, Reuben 1937-1993
Trimble, Charles E
National Congress of American Indians
National Tribal Chairmen's Association
United Effort Trust
United States American Indian Policy Review Commission
United States Bureau of Indian Affairs
United States Indian Claims Commission
251 linear feet
The National Congress of American Indians (NCAI) is a major American Indian advocacy organization, designed to serve as a link between tribal governments and the United States government. NCAI was founded in 1944, in Denver, CO, as a membership organization for "persons of Indian blood." In 1955, group membership was limited to recognized tribes, committees, or bands. The organization is overseen by an Executive Council, which selects a five-member Executive Committee and an Executive Director. The Executive Director is then responsible for managing the organization's staff and overseeing its initiatives and everyday operations. Since 1944, NCAI has held annual conventions in the fall to elect officers and pass resolutions, which become the basis for the organization's policy positions. Beginning in 1977, a mid-year conference in May or June was added to provide further opportunities for in-depth exploration of issues.
Since its inauguration, NCAI has worked on a wide variety of issues facing Indians in the US. Some of those issues include voting rights, land claims, education, economic development, natural resource protection and management, nuclear waste, repatriation, and government-to-government relations with the federal government. In 1954, NCAI organized an emergency conference to protest the US government's newly-announced termination policy. NCAI has also frequently worked closely with other Indian organizations, such as the Native American Rights Fund and National Tribal Chairmen's Association, and with various government bodies, such as the Bureau of Indian Affairs and Indian Health Service.
The NCAI records document the organization's work, particularly that of its office in Washington, DC, and the wide variety of issues faced by American Indians in the twentieth century. The bulk of the material relates to legislation, lobbying, and NCAI's interactions with various governmental bodies. A large segment also concerns the annual conventions and executive council and executive committee meetings. Finally, the records also document the operations of the NCAI, including personnel, financial, and fundraising material. The collection also includes the records of two of NCAI's Executive Directors, Charles E. "Chuck" Trimble (1972-1977) and Suzan Shown Harjo (1984-1989). Included are correspondence, publications, reports, administrative records, photographs, and audio and video recordings.
National Congress of American Indians Records, National Museum of the American Indian Archive Center, Smithsonian Institution
Alaska Natives--Land tenure
Indians of North America--Civil rights
Indians of North America--Economic conditions
Indians of North America--Government relations
Indians of North America--Legal status, laws, etc
Indians of North America--Politics and government
Indians of North America--Social conditions
Indian termination policy
Trail of Broken Treaties, 1972
Access to NMAI Archive Center collections is by appointment only, Monday - Friday, 9:30 am - 4:30 pm. Please contact the archives to make an appointment (phone: 301-238-1400, email: firstname.lastname@example.org)
A dangerous idea : the Alaska Native Brotherhood and the struggle for indigenous rights / Peter Metcalfe
Metcalfe, Peter 1951-
Alaska Native Brotherhood History
United States Alaska Native Claims Settlement Act
xxiii, 134 pages : maps ; 24 cm
Aboriginal Title in Alaska -- The Alaska Native Brotherhood -- Suing the Government -- Reservations in Alaska -- A Bad Time for Indians -- The Extinguishment Legislation -- Statehood or Native Claims -- Shaping Alaska
"Decades before the marches and victories of the 1960s, a group of Alaska Natives were making civil rights history. Throughout the early twentieth century, the Alaska Native Brotherhood fought for citizenship, voting rights, and education for all Alaska Natives, securing unheard-of victories in a contentious time. Their unified work and legal prowess propelled the Alaska Native Claims Settlement Act, one of the biggest claim settlements in United States history. A dangerous idea tells an overlooked but powerful story of Alaska Natives fighting for their rights under American law and details one of the rare successes for Native Americans in their nearly two-hundred-year effort to define and protect their rights"-- Provided by publisher.
Alaska native political leadership and higher education : one university, two universes / Michael Jennings
Jennings, Michael 1949-
University of Alaska (System) History
ix, 185 p. ; 23 cm
From the land -- Worldviews and institutional conflict -- Education, economy, empire -- The Native agenda for rural education -- Structural responses to human needs -- Urban agendas -- Conclusion : the Indian trade
This special symposium celebrates the opening of the National Museum of the American Indian’s landmark exhibition, Nation to Nation: Treaties Between the United States and American Indian Nations, and the notable book of the same title that accompanies the exhibition. In this segment, Judy Woodruff, Co-Anchor, PBS NewsHour, and Mark Trahant, Atwood Chair of Journalism, University of Alaska Anchorage, interview Kevin Gover, Director of the National Museum of the American Indian, and Suzan Shown Harjo, Guest Curator, about the exhibition. Judy Woodruff is the Co-Anchor and Managing Editor of the PBS NewsHour with Gwen Ifill and Judy Woodruff. A distinguished broadcast journalist, she has covered politics and other news for more than three decades at CNN, NBC, and PBS. For 12 years, Woodruff served as anchor and senior correspondent for CNN, where her duties included anchoring the weekday program, “Inside Politics.” At PBS from 1983 to 1993, she was the chief Washington correspondent for The MacNeil/Lehrer NewsHour. From 1984-1990, she also anchored PBS' award-winning weekly documentary series, “Frontline with Judy Woodruff.” In addition, she anchors a monthly program for Bloomberg Television, “Conversations with Judy Woodruff.” Mark Trahant (Shoshone-Bannock Tribes) is at the University of Alaska Anchorage where he currently serves as the Atwood Journalism Chair. An independent print and broadcast journalist, he blogs and posts often on Twitter. Trahant was recently a Kaiser Media Fellow and was previously editor of the editorial page for the Seattle Post-Intelligencer. A former president of the Native American Journalists Association, Trahant is the author of The Last Great Battle of the Indian Wars, about Henry Jackson, Forrest Gerard, and the campaign for American Indian self-determination. Kevin Gover (Pawnee) is the director of the Smithsonian’s National Museum of the American Indian and a former professor of law at the Sandra Day O’Connor College of Law at Arizona State University (ASU). He served on the faculty of the university’s Indian Legal Program and was co-executive director of ASU’s American Indian Policy Institute. From 1997 to 2001 Gover was the assistant secretary for Indian Affairs in the U.S. Department of the Interior. His tenure in that position is perhaps best known for his apology to Native American people for the historical conduct of the Bureau of Indian Affairs. Suzan Shown Harjo (Cheyenne and Hodulgee Muscogee), president of The Morning Star Institute, a national Indian rights organization founded in 1984, is a writer, curator, and policy advocate who has helped Native Nations recover sacred places and more than one million acres of land. Since 1975, she has developed key federal Indian law, including the most important national policy advances in the modern era for the protection of Native American ancestors, arts, cultures, languages, and religious freedom. A poet and an award-winning columnist, her work appears in numerous publications, and she received the Institute of American Indian Arts’ first honorary doctorate of humanities awarded to a woman. Dr. Harjo is a founder of the National Museum of the American Indian and has served as a guest curator and editor of this and various museum projects. This symposium was webcast and recorded in the Rasmuson Theater of the National Museum of the American Indian in Washington, D.C. on September 18. 2014.
Alaska native land claims : hearings before the Committee on Interior and Insular Affairs, United States Senate, Ninetieth Congress, second session on S. 2906, a bill to authorize the Secretary of the Interior to grant certain lands to Alaska natives, settle Alaska native land claims, and for other purposes and S. 1964, S. 2690, and S. 2020 related bills
United States Congress Senate Committee on Interior and Insular Affairs
508 p. : 1 folded map ; 24 cm
"February 8, 9, and 10, 1968."
"Printed for the use of the Committee on Interior and Insular Affairs."
Possessory rights of the natives of southeastern Alaska; a detailed analysis of the early and present territory used and occupied by the natives of southeastern Alaska, except the natives of the village of Kake (partially treated), Hydaburg, and Klawock. A report to the Commissioner of Indian Affairs, by Walter R. Goldschmidt and Theodore H. Haas
Goldschmidt, Walter 1913-2010
Haas, Theodore H
United States Bureau of Indian Affairs
x, 173 l. illus., maps. 27 cm
"A detailed analysis of the early and present territory used and occupied by the Natives of southeastern Alaska, except the Natives of the Village of Kake (partially treated), Hydaburg, and Klawock."
From hunters to herders : the transformation of earth, society, and heaven among the Inupiat of Beringia / by Linda J. Ellanna and George K. Sherrod ; edited by Rachel Mason
Ellanna, Linda J
Sherrod, George K
Mason, Rachel 1954-
Shared Beringian Heritage Program (U.S.)
ix, 227 p. : ill., maps ; 28 cm
Bering Land Bridge National Preserve (Alaska)
"Research for the study was conducted in the early 1990's as part of the One Man's Heritage Project within the National Park Service's Shared Beringian Heritage Program."--P. iii.
Introduction to the study: Introduction -- Study design -- Quest for data -- geographical, sociocultural, historical, and intellectual contexts: Geographical context -- Sociocultural context -- Context of Euro-American contact -- Conceptions of hunters and herders in the intellectual climate of the 1800s -- Hope and promise of Ublasaun: a herder's story -- Introduction of reindeer herding and missionary education: historical overview -- Home range to range wars: Introduction -- Resource use, settlement patterns, and land tenure and polity on Northern Seward Peninsula -- Americanization of the Last Frontier: Creation of private and public lands -- Hunting territories, mobility, and herding: Attempts at alienation and commoditization -- Implications for Ublasaun -- Myth of the Egalitarian Society: Introduction -- Stratification, leadership, and gender in Inupiat societies of Northwest Alaska -- Creation of a "Civilized" Social order -- Umialiit of deer -- Implications for Ublasaun -- Creation of "Heaven": Introduction -- Inupiat Order of the Universe -- Missionaries, genesis, and the order of the Protestant Universe -- Inupiat ideology, Protestant Christianity, and Syncretism -- Implications for Ublasaun -- Conflict and compromise: Legacy of reindeer herding in Alaska: Implications for Ublasaun: Retrospective -- Glossary