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Danish Film Stills of American Motion Pictures

Collector:
Danske filminstitut  Search this
Danske filminstitut  Search this
Extent:
10 Cubic feet (23 boxes)
Type:
Archival materials
Collection descriptions
Photographs
Motion picture stills
Film stills
Place:
Denmark -- motion pictures
Date:
circa 1915-1986
Summary:
The collection contains primarily black-and-white silver gelatin photographic prints, produced by film studios and distributors for advertising and theater lobby display purposes. The films are mostly American, although the collection includes some European and Japanese films. Some films are accompanied by small booklets in Danish.
Scope and Contents:
The collection contains primarily black-and-white silver gelatin photographic prints, produced by film studios and distributors for advertising and theater lobby display purposes. The films are mostly American, although the collection includes some European and Japanese films. Many prints were used for display purposes and have tack-holes in the corners. Some are in poor condition with tears, creases and folds; others are in excellent condition. Some images occur as glossy color photomechanical prints, but hand-tinted black-and-white prints are also included. There are often duplicate prints. Many prints are embossed or blind-stamped ASTATENS FILMCENSUR, with a date date. Some films include small booklets in Danish that lists the major actors and the plot of the movie. The collection has been divided into two series.

Series 1, Film Stills, is arranged alphabetically by film title, one motion picture per folder. The subjects range from pre-World War I silent films to comedies with Mickey Rooney, and European romances.

Series 2, Unidentied Film Stills, contains stills from films that can not be identified by archivists within the Archives Center. The series also contains a catalog that allows one to purchase books, pamphlets, programs, periodicals, and photographs of various films, actors, and directors.
Arrangement:
The collection is arranged into two series.

Series 1, Film Stills, 1915-1986

Series 2, Unidentified Film Stills, undated
Provenance:
Collection donated by a museum in Denmark, circa 1970s.
Restrictions:
The collection is open for research.
Rights:
Copyright status of items varies. Collection items are available for reproduction, but the Archives Center makes no guarantees concerning intellectual property rights. Archives Center cost-recovery and use fees may apply when requesting reproductions.
Topic:
advertising -- Motion pictures  Search this
Motion pictures, American  Search this
Genre/Form:
Photographs -- Black-and-white photoprints -- Silver gelatin -- 19th-20th century
Motion picture stills
Film stills
Citation:
Danish Film Stills of American Motion Pictures, circa 1915-1986, Archives Center, National Museum of American History, Smithsonian Institution
Identifier:
NMAH.AC.0543
See more items in:
Danish Film Stills of American Motion Pictures
Archival Repository:
Archives Center, National Museum of American History
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-nmah-ac-0543

Fred/Alan MTV Network Advertising Collection

Creator:
Ha! Comedy Network.  Search this
Goodman, Alan  Search this
VH-1.  Search this
Nickelodeon.  Search this
Seibert, Fred  Search this
MTV Network.  Search this
Fred/Alan, Inc.  Search this
Extent:
4 Cubic feet (15 boxes)
Container:
Box 7
Box 8
Type:
Archival materials
Collection descriptions
Photographs
Tear sheets
Slides (photographs)
Date:
1981-1992
Summary:
Collection contains advertsing and promotional materials primarily created by the Fred/Alan Advertising Agency, 1981-1992, for the MTV Network. Also advertising and promotional materials for Nickelodeon, Nick at Nite, VH-1 and Ha! Comedy Networks.
Scope and Contents:
The collection consists of advertising and promotional materials created by the Fred/Alan advertising agency between 1981 and 1992 for the MTV network, which includes Music Television, Nickelodeon, Nick at Nite, VH-1, and Ha! Comedy Network. Also included are advertising and promotional material for the Disney Channel, the Movie Channel, Showtime, Home Box Office and other Fred/Alan clients including Miller Beer, General Foods and Myers Rum. The materials demonstrate the intersection between American popular culture and advertising in several ways. First, because many of the advertisements were designed for trade publications of the cable television and advertising industries, they reveal some of the thinking behind the cable television industry's attempts to establish and stabilize its market during the 1980s, a decade which witnessed the emergence and spectacular rise of cable programming. Secondly, because MTV Networks began as a commercial proposition to attract a difficult-to-reach teenage audience and later, to capture the baby boom generation, the collection also provides evidence of the 1980s trend toward market segmentation. Finally, both in content and style, MTV Networks pioneered a new aesthetic which has had repercussions throughout American popular culture, and particularly in television programming and advertising.
Arrangement:
the collection is arranged into three series.

Series 1: Print Advertising and Promotional Material

Subseries 1.1: Music Television, 1981-1991

Subseries 1.2: Nickelodeon, 1988-1992

Subseries 1.3: Nick at Nite, 1987-1991

Subseries 1.4: Video Hits-1, 1987-1991

Subseries 1.5: Ha! Comedy Network, 1990-1991

Subseries 1.6: The Disney Channel, 1981

Subseries 1.7: The Movie Channel, 1982

Subseries 1.8: Fred/Alan and other clients, 1987-1989

Series 2: Videotaped Commercials

Series 3: Photographic Materials

Subseries 3.1: 2x2 color slides

Subseries 3.2: Still photos
Provenance:
Collection donated by Fred Seibert, President of the Fred/Alan advertising agency in New York City, February 15, 1992.
Restrictions:
Collection is open for research.
Rights:
Collection items available for reproduction, but the Archives Center makes no guarantees concerning copyright restrictions. Other intellectual property rights may apply. Archives Center cost-recovery and use fees may apply when requesting reproductions.
Topic:
Music in advertising -- 1980-2000  Search this
Motion picture producers and directors  Search this
Marketing -- 1980-2000  Search this
Humor in advertising -- 1980-2000  Search this
Copywriters  Search this
advertising -- 1980-2000  Search this
Television advertising -- 1980-2000  Search this
Sex in advertising -- 1980-2000  Search this
Genre/Form:
Photographs -- 1980-2000
Tear sheets -- 1980-2000
Slides (photographs) -- 1980-2000
Citation:
Fred/Alan MTV Network Collection, 1981-1982, Archives Center, National Museum of American History
Identifier:
NMAH.AC.0453
See more items in:
Fred/Alan MTV Network Advertising Collection
Archival Repository:
Archives Center, National Museum of American History
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-nmah-ac-0453
Additional Online Media:

The Campbell Soup Advertising Collection

Interviewee:
Murphy, W.B.  Search this
Norris, Alice  Search this
Norris, E. E.  Search this
Prior, Joseph  Search this
Meehan, Vincenta  Search this
Mercer, Richard  Search this
Meyers, Peter H.  Search this
Mulcahy, Paul  Search this
Welsh, Dick  Search this
White, Richard  Search this
Rindlaub, Jean  Search this
Rombach, Scott  Search this
Shaub, Harold  Search this
Weir, Chris  Search this
Coulson, Zoe  Search this
Gearon, Dan  Search this
Cronin, Betty  Search this
Conill, Alicia  Search this
Conlon, Robert  Search this
Conill, Rafael  Search this
Jordan, James  Search this
McNutt, James  Search this
McGovern, R. Gordon  Search this
Goerke, Donald E.  Search this
Holmes, Martha  Search this
Haber, Bernie  Search this
Jones, Caroline Robinson, 1942-2001 (advertising executive)  Search this
Adams, Anthony  Search this
Baum, Herbert M.  Search this
Bergin, John F.  Search this
Bair, Dean  Search this
Interviewer:
Griffith, Barbara S., Dr.  Search this
Creator:
Archives Center, NMAH, SI.  Search this
Campbell Soup Company  Search this
Names:
Batten, Barton, Durstine, and Osborn  Search this
Connill Advertising  Search this
Extent:
12 Cubic feet (25 boxes)
Type:
Archival materials
Collection descriptions
Clippings
Audiotapes
Interviews
Commercials
Ephemera
Videotapes
Oral history
Tear sheets
Date:
1904-2015
bulk 1904-1989
Summary:
This collection is the result of a year-long study of Campbell's "Red and White" Soups advertising and marketing, supported in part by a grant from the Campbell Soup Company. Thirty-one oral history interviews were conducted by Dr. Barbara Griffith for the project, and a variety of related materials were gathered by the Center for Advertising History staff. The objective of the project was to create a collection that provides documentation, in print and media, of the history and development of advertising for Campbell's Red and White Soups in the decades following World War II.
Scope and Contents:
This collection is the result of a year-long study of Campbell's "Red and White" Soups advertising and marketing campaigns. Oral histories conducted by Smithsonian Institution staff with individuals involved with the Campbell's Soup Corporation and its advertising campaigns form the core of the collection. Also included are clippings and background research files, abstracts of the oral history interviews, television and radio commercials, company publications, and promotional items and packaging.

A 2015 addition to the collection was born digital and consists of materials from the groundbreaking "Real Life Campaign" which featured inter-racial couples as well as a gay couple. These materials include storyboards, scripts, consumer feedback both postive and negative, focus group material, labels, commercials, supporting documentation on the development and implementation of the campaign. These materials are available in the Smithsonian Institution DIgital Asset Management System (DAMS).
Arrangement:
Collection is organized into nine series.

Series 1, Research Files, 1939-1989

Series 2, Interviewee Files, 1989-1990

Series 3, Oral Histories, 1989-1990

Series 4, Television Commercials, 1957-1990

Series 5, Radio Commercials, 1966-1975

Series 6, Print Advertisements, 1905-1989

Series 7, Promotional Items and Packaging, 1968-1991

Series 8, Company Publications, 1983-1988

Series 9, Real Life Campaign, 2015
Biographical / Historical:
The Campbell Soup Company's "Red and White" advertising campaigns are remarkable not only for their longevity, but for the consistency of the advertising message. Since 1898, when the red and white label was incorporated, the packaging and the message have changed only marginally. When Andy Warhol painted his pop art Campbell Soup cans in the early 1960s, he presented an immediately recognizable image with which all of America could identify.

Campbell's condensed soups, first marketed in 1897, have become a staple of the 20th century American household. The Joseph Campbell Preserve Company, a canning concern which grew out of an 1869 business partnership between a fruit merchant and an ice box manufacturer, was well established by the time Arthur Dorrance succeeded Joseph Campbell as president. When Dorrance's nephew, John T. Dorrance, a chemical engineer and organic chemist trained at MIT, developed a process for making condensed soup, the company was faced with the task of successfully marketing the revolutionary new convenience food. The soup won a gold medallion for excellence at the 1900 Paris Exposition, and the company incorporated the image on its labels and in its advertising.

In the developing consumer culture which began to grow during and after the industrial revolution, women were identified as the primary consumers of household goods and services. Homemakers have been the target of Campbell' s Red & White advertising since its inception, and this focus is reflected both in the content and the placement of the advertising. The identification of a predominately female consumer market was also influential in the creation of a widely recognized and long-lived symbol, the Campbell Kids, created in 1904 by Grace Gebbie Drayton. The Kids were meant to convey a sense of wholesomeness and physical well-being associated with eating Campbell Soups.

The advertising of the early teens and twenties most often consisted of black and white or two-color depictions of the can and the product, often accompanied by images of the rosy-cheeked Kids. A large portion of the ad was devoted to narrative description of the soups' healthful properties, suggesting that"Campbell Soups Give Vigor and Strength", "I Couldn't Keep House Without Campbell's Tomato Soup", and "If Every Woman Realized How Much Her Husband Likes Soup - She Would Serve It Everyday".

The advertising of the 1930s tended towards idealized illustrations of women and children; the Kids were less visible during the 1930s and 1940s, deemed too "chucklesome" for the Depression years, and too old-fashioned during World War II. Ad copy continued its appeal to women's sense of responsibility for the well-being of husbands and children, with slogans suggesting "It Takes a Bright and Sparkling Flavor to Attract Children", "When a Man Says It's Good, It's Good", and "Wouldn 't I Be Silly to make It Myself?"

Campbell broadened the scope of its advertising by sponsoring radio programming, beginning in 1931 with the "Hollywood Hotel" program on CBS. Later radio sponsorships included the George Burns and Gracie Allen show, "Campbell Playhouse", "Amos and Andy", the "Jack Carson Show", "Hildegarde", and "Edward R. Murrow with the News", among others . The jingle "M'm M'm Good" was first aired during the radio broadcasts of this period, and was reinforced in the print advertising. Beginning in 1950, Campbell began to sponsor television shows, continuing its focus on women and children as primary purchasers and consumers of suop. Most notable among these sponsorships were "The Donna Reed Show" and "Lassie" . Print ads of the 1950s featuring Johnny Carson, Donna Reed, and the cast of the Lassie Show helped to reinforce the Company's sponsorship of these popular shows.

In 1954, Campbell moved its $10 million dollar condensed soup account from Ward Wheelock Company, the Philadelphia firm which had handled the account since 1910, to Batten, Barton, Durstine & Osborn (BBDO) of New York. By 1966, BBDO account executives urged "selective but not major" use of the Kids and the slogan "M'm M'm Good", choosing instead to employ advertising that stressed health claims and fitness issues rather than the wholesome, comforting associations of hot soup. The Kids became more athletic and less rotund.

Reflecting changes in American social and family structures Campbell' s advertising, began to depict the working wife and the busy schedules of a family "on the go". A 1960 ad declares "Good Things Begin to Happen When Working Girls Have Soup and Crackers" or "Somethings Happened to Supper". In light of the women 's movement, which was gaining momentum during this period, Campbell advertising remained decidedly traditional. In the 1970s, "Give Me the Campbell Life" recognized women 's expanded roles as working mothers, but "They Always Eat Better When You Remember the Soup" and "Get Your Campbells Worth" reveal a more conservative pitch to homemakers responsibilities. Other societal changes are suggested in the advertising, for instance, the "Soup is Good Food" and "Health Insurance" campaigns of the 1980s reflected a new emphasis on health and fitness.

In 1981 the company transferred the soup account to another New York firm, Backer Spielvogel and Bates . The 1980s saw a renewed emphasis on network primetime, strategic radio advertising (where ads for hot soup are tagged to reports of rain or snow, or are aired just before the noon lunch hour), and regional marketing of specialized products or packaging designed to appeal to local tastes and changing nutritional standards. These new products have engendered some changes in Campbell' s time-honored red and white label to emphasize the "new and improved" characteristics of the products

In 2015, Campbells developed the "Real Life" campaign. This campaign was groundbreaking in many ways. The commercials portrayed not only inter-racial couples but also a gay couple, two fathers and their son. This campaign had a product tie in with the 2015 release of the new installment in the motion picture franchise, Star Wars. The campaign received commentary from the public both pro and con. Campbells continued the campaign without revising or pulling any of its commercials. While running in selected markets, the campaign made nationwide headlines and pointed up the continuing change in the make-up of the American family.
Provenance:
Paul N. Mulcahy, V.P. Marketing Services, Campbell Soup Company,1990. Made for the National Museum of American History, Smithsonian Institution by the Center for Advertising History, 1989-1990.
Restrictions:
Collection is open for research.
Rights:
Collection items available for reproduction, but the Archives Center makes no guarantees concerning copyright restrictions. Other intellectual property rights may apply. Archives Center cost-recovery and use fees may apply when requesting reproductions.
Topic:
Broadcast advertising  Search this
advertising -- Food  Search this
Soups -- advertising  Search this
Advertising agencies  Search this
Advertising departments  Search this
Advertising campaigns  Search this
Sex role in advertising  Search this
Radio advertising  Search this
Women in advertising  Search this
Television advertising  Search this
Art directors  Search this
Advertising executives  Search this
Genre/Form:
Clippings
Audiotapes -- 1980-1990
Interviews -- 1980-1990
Commercials
Ephemera -- 20th century
Videotapes
Oral history
Tear sheets
Citation:
Campbell Soup Advertising Oral History and Documentation Project, Archives Center, National Museum of American History, Smithsonian Institution.
Identifier:
NMAH.AC.0367
See more items in:
The Campbell Soup Advertising Collection
Archival Repository:
Archives Center, National Museum of American History
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-nmah-ac-0367
Additional Online Media:

Motion Pictures, Publicity Stills, Advertisements, and Souvenir Programs

Collection Source:
Sardino, Robert C.  Search this
Type:
Archival materials
Date:
1942-1968, undated
Scope and Contents:
This series contains a variety of materials used to promote motion pictures both to the public and to the exhibitor. Publicity stills, studio promotional material, and souvenir programs are included in this series.
Collection Restrictions:
Collection items available for reproduction, but the Archives Center makes no guarantees concerning copyright restrictions. Other intellectual property rights may apply. Archives Center cost-recovery and use fees may apply when requesting reproductions.
Collection is open for research.
Collection Citation:
Robert L. Sardino Movie Theater Collection, Archives Center, National Museum of American History, Smithsonian Institution
Identifier:
NMAH.AC.1471, Series 3
See more items in:
Robert L. Sardino Movie Theater Collection
Archival Repository:
Archives Center, National Museum of American History
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-nmah-ac-1471-ref3

Motion Picture Advertisements

Collection Source:
Sardino, Robert C.  Search this
Type:
Archival materials
Date:
1914-1915, undated
Scope and Contents:
These lantern slides were used to advertise coming attractions. The majority of them are advertising silent two reel motion pictures from the early twentieth century.
Collection Restrictions:
Collection items available for reproduction, but the Archives Center makes no guarantees concerning copyright restrictions. Other intellectual property rights may apply. Archives Center cost-recovery and use fees may apply when requesting reproductions.
Collection is open for research.
Collection Citation:
Robert L. Sardino Movie Theater Collection, Archives Center, National Museum of American History, Smithsonian Institution
Identifier:
NMAH.AC.1471, Subseries 4.3
See more items in:
Robert L. Sardino Movie Theater Collection
Archival Repository:
Archives Center, National Museum of American History
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-nmah-ac-1471-ref134

Motion Picture Film

Collection Creator:
Jones, Caroline Robinson, 1942-2001 (advertising executive)  Search this
Type:
Archival materials
Collection Restrictions:
Collection is open for research.
Collection Rights:
Collection items available for reproduction, but the Archives Center makes no guarantees concerning copyright restrictions. Other intellectual property rights may apply. Archives Center cost-recovery and use fees may apply when requesting reproductions.
Identifier:
NMAH.AC.0552, Subseries 7.4
See more items in:
Caroline R. Jones Papers
Archival Repository:
Archives Center, National Museum of American History
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-nmah-ac-0552-ref929

Robert L. Sardino Movie Theater Collection

Source:
Sardino, Robert C.  Search this
Former owner:
Sardino, Robert C.  Search this
Extent:
2.1 Cubic feet (7 boxes)
Type:
Archival materials
Collection descriptions
Advertisements
Certificates
Lantern slides
Posters
Publicity photographs
Schedules
Motion picture stills
Date:
1914-1981, undated
Summary:
The collection consists of motion picture exhibition ephemera (lantern slides, publicity photographs, and paper) saved by Robert L. Sardino during his years working in motion picture theaters in Syracuse, New York.
Content Description:
The collection consists of archival materials saved by Robert L. Sardino during the years he was employed in motion picture theaters in Syracuse, New York. This collection also contains objects Sardino salvaged when the Paramount Theater in Syracuse, New York was demolished in 1967. He spent the bulk of his career at the Paramount Theater. Included are theater schedules; blank payroll documents; photographs of employees, theater interiors, and marquees, as well as publicity stills of actors and for motion pictures; certificates; motion picture advertising and press releases. There is a large number of glass lantern slides relating to a variety of topics such as current news events, sports, scenic views, and "coming attractions."
Arrangement:
The collection is arranged into four series.

Series 1, Personal Papers and Ephemera, 1942-1981, undated

Series 2, Paramount and Schine Theaters (Syracuse, New York), 1947-1970, undated

Series 3, Motion Pictures, Publicity Stills, Advertisements, and Souvenir Programs 1942-1968, undated

Series 4, Lantern Slides, 1914-1915, undated

Subseries 4.1, American Press Association, undated

Subseries 4.2, Brenkert Light Projection Company (BLPC), undated

Subseries 4.3, Motion Picture Advertisments, 1914-1915, undated

Subseries 4.4, Maurice Workstel, Incorporated, undated

Subseries 4.5, Other, undated
Biographical / Historical:
Robert L. Sardino was born in New York state December 11, 1897, the son of John and Palma Sardino. Both of his parents were born in Italy, and Palma notes in the 1920 census that she had immigrated to the United States from Italy in 1881. His father died at an early age and by the 1920 census Palma was listed as being head of the household. Robert joined the International Association of Theatrical Stage Employees (IATSE), local 376, on January 24, 1915. According to family oral history Robert began work at the age of fourteen, in the 1920 census he is noted as an "operator" in a "picture show." His brothers, Frank and Alphonsa, were both in the motion picture theater business. By 1930 Frank is noted as a "theater proprietor." Alphonsa is noted as a "picture theater" manager as early as 1920. For the greatest part of his life, Robert worked in and around Syracuse, New York. During his working life, he was employed by Paramount-Publix Corporation, later known as Paramount Pictures, Incorporated and also the Schine Corporation theater owners and developers. He worked in Syracuse at the Paramount Theater which was demolished in 1967. Family history maintains Robert worked until he was seventy-five years old.

Robert served in the military during World War I. On his registration card he is described as being of medium height and build, grey eyes, and black hair. He was then working as an auto mechanic in Old Forge, New York. In May 1928, Robert married Florence Owen, daughter of David and Charlotte Bostwick Owen. They had two children, Delores and Roberta. The marriage ended and in the 1940 census Robert was living with his daughters and was noted as being a projectionist in a movie theater. Later that year he married Irene Boniface Simiele, also a divorcee, with a young son, Joseph.

Robert died in Syracuse, New York on February 3, 1981.
Separated Materials:
The Division of Culture and the Arts holds these objects associated with this collection: Accession number 1984.0789 includes: Basket; Frame, Exit Sign; Screen, Cinerama; Speaker, Car, Drive-in Movie; Plate, End-Seat Aisle Camp Cover; Holder; Disc, Transcription.
Provenance:
Collection donated by Irene B. Sardino, widow of Robert L. Sardino, to the Division of Social and Cultural History, National Museum of American History, Smithsonian Institution, in 1984.
Restrictions:
Collection items available for reproduction, but the Archives Center makes no guarantees concerning copyright restrictions. Other intellectual property rights may apply. Archives Center cost-recovery and use fees may apply when requesting reproductions.
Collection is open for research.
Topic:
Theaters  Search this
Motion pictures, American  Search this
advertising -- Motion pictures  Search this
Genre/Form:
Advertisements
Certificates
Lantern slides
Posters
Publicity photographs
Schedules
Motion picture stills
Citation:
Robert L. Sardino Movie Theater Collection, Archives Center, National Museum of American History, Smithsonian Institution
Identifier:
NMAH.AC.1471
See more items in:
Robert L. Sardino Movie Theater Collection
Archival Repository:
Archives Center, National Museum of American History
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-nmah-ac-1471

American Public Power Association Collection on Public Utilities

Creator:
American Public Power Association  Search this
Extent:
0.6 Cubic feet
Type:
Archival materials
Collection descriptions
Advertisements
16mm motion picture film
Motion pictures (visual works)
Date:
1950 - 1982
Scope and Contents:
Persuasive printed materials offered by the Association to member utilities, to use as ads in local newspapers or as bill stuffers, on public interest subjects such as holiday safety, energy saving, the conveniences of electric appliances, and other topics; persuasive printed materials, mostly offered by investor-owned utilities, in opposition to public power, many of them asserting that public utilities were "socialist" and ceded too much control to the federal government, or wasted taxpayers' money. Also included is a film marking the 100th anniversary of public power.
Arrangement:
Divided into 1 series.
Biographical / Historical:
A service organization for the more than 2,000 U.S. community-owned electric utilities, the APPA was created in 1940 to represent the common interests of these utilities.
Provenance:
American Public Power Association
Restrictions:
UNPROCESSED COLLECTION.
Unrestricted research access on site by appointment.
Rights:
Collection items available for reproduction, but the Archives Center makes no guarantees concerning copyright restrictions. Other intellectual property rights may apply. Archives Center cost-recovery and use fees may apply when requesting reproductions.
Topic:
Electricity -- History  Search this
Public utilities  Search this
Electric utilities  Search this
Genre/Form:
Advertisements -- 1950-2000
16mm motion picture film
Motion pictures (visual works) -- 20th century
Citation:
American Public Power Association Collection on Public Utilities, 1950-1982, Archives Center, National Museum of American History.
Identifier:
NMAH.AC.1337
Archival Repository:
Archives Center, National Museum of American History
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-nmah-ac-1337

John Thomas Collection of TV Commercials

Donor:
Thomas, John E.  Search this
Extent:
11 Cubic feet (11 boxes)
Type:
Archival materials
Collection descriptions
Motion pictures (visual works)
Commercials
Date:
1960s-1970s
Scope and Contents:
The collection consists of approximately 1,700 television commercials on 16mm film, for products including cars and trucks; food and beverages, including snack foods, convenience foods and soft drinks; cleaning products; pet food; clothing; candy; tobacco products; airlines; toiletries; household products and other things.
Arrangement:
1 series.
Biographical / Historical:
A retired teacher of English and Media Studies, Thomas amassed his collection by asking local television stations to save the commercials for him as they prepared to discard them. He also purchased some commercials and public service announcements (PSAs).
Provenance:
John E. Thomas
Restrictions:
Collection is open for research and access on site by appointment.
Rights:
Collection items available for reproduction, but the Archives Center makes no guarantees concerning copyright restrictions. Other intellectual property rights may apply. Archives Center cost-recovery and use fees may apply when requesting reproductions.
Topic:
advertising  Search this
Advertising, Public service  Search this
Television advertising  Search this
Television  Search this
Marketing  Search this
Genre/Form:
Motion pictures (visual works) -- 20th century
Commercials
Citation:
John Thomas Collection of TV Commercials, ca. 1960s-1970s, Archives Center, National Museum of American History.
Identifier:
NMAH.AC.1324
See more items in:
John Thomas Collection of TV Commercials
Archival Repository:
Archives Center, National Museum of American History
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-nmah-ac-1324

Pan American World Airways Film Footage and Slide Presentations

Creator:
Pan American World Airways, Inc.  Search this
Names:
Pan American World Airways, Inc.  Search this
Extent:
2.63 Cubic Feet ((1 legal document box) (2 records center boxes))
Type:
Archival materials
Collection descriptions
Motion pictures (visual works)
Slides (photographs)
Audiotapes
Date:
1958-1980
bulk [ca. 1960s-1970s]
Scope and Contents:
This collection consists of 25 16 mm films, four tape/slide sets on travel, seven individual slides and a tape of Pan American 'Theme' music. The film footage includes the history of the company; promotional films for travel and services; television commercials; introduction to Boeing 747 service; and training films for employees.
Biographical / Historical:
Pan American World Airways was active in the airline industry from 1927, when it established a regular scheduled international service, to its bankruptcy in late 1991. Pan American was the first American airline to operate a permanent international air service. From its first route between Key West and Havana, Pan Am extended its routes into the rest of the Caribbean, Central America and South America. In 1936, Pan Am inaugurated passenger service in the Pacific, and began service in the Atlantic in 1939. Pan Am started around-the-world commercial air service in 1947. Besides setting many 'firsts' with routes, Pan Am also established 'firsts' in the aircraft technology they chose, such as being the first to use Boeing 747s in regular scheduled services.
General:
NASMrev
Provenance:
Pan American World Airways, Inc., gift, 1992, 1992-0027, NASM
Restrictions:
No restrictions on access
Rights:
Material is subject to Smithsonian Terms of Use. Should you wish to use NASM material in any medium, please submit an Application for Permission to Reproduce NASM Material, available at Permissions Requests
Topic:
Television advertising  Search this
Boeing 747 Family  Search this
Aeronautics, Commercial -- United States  Search this
Aeronautics, Commercial  Search this
Aeronautics  Search this
Airlines  Search this
advertising -- Airlines  Search this
Air travel  Search this
Travel  Search this
Genre/Form:
Motion pictures (visual works)
Motion pictures (visual works)
Slides (photographs)
Audiotapes
Identifier:
NASM.1992.0027
Archival Repository:
National Air and Space Museum Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-nasm-1992-0027

Joan E. Biren Queer Film Museum Collection

Creator:
Biren, Joan E.  Search this
Extent:
5 Cubic feet (8 boxes)
Type:
Archival materials
Collection descriptions
Posters
Programs
Advertising
Catalogs
Postcards
Date:
1931 - 2010
Scope and Contents:
The collection contains material relating to lesbian-oriented motion pictures. The bulk of the collection consists of ephemera and film posters from theatrical releases in the United States. The collection also contains catalogues from video houses, film festivals, posters, and other material collected by Biren from on-line auction sites. Some of the items have Biren's annotations written within them. The collection contains material associated with United States releases and foreign releases. Production dates are year of first release.
Arrangement:
Divided into two series: Series 1: Posters and Ephemera, 1931-2010, undated; and Series 2, Film Festival Programs, Queer Film Museum Files, and Related Material, 1975-2010, undated.
Biographical / Historical:
Joan E. Biren (1944-), also known professionally as JEB, is an internationally recognized lesbian photographer and documentary film maker. She is also an activist on gay issues and was active in the women's liberation and gay rights movement in the late 1960s.
Provenance:
Donated to the Archives Center in 2010 by Joan E. Biren.
Restrictions:
Unrestricted research access on site by appointment.,Unprotected photographs must be handled with gloves.
Rights:
Collection items available for reproduction, but the Archives Center makes no guarantees concerning copyright restrictions. Other intellectual property rights may apply. Archives Center cost-recovery and use fees may apply when requesting reproductions.
Topic:
Homosexuality  Search this
Lesbian and gay experience  Search this
Bisexuality  Search this
Documentary films  Search this
Transgender people  Search this
Transvestites  Search this
Motion pictures  Search this
Lesbianism  Search this
Genre/Form:
Posters -- 21st century
Posters -- 20th century
Programs -- 20th century
Advertising
Catalogs
Postcards
Citation:
Joan E. Biren Queer Film Museum Collection, 1931-2010, undated, Archives Center, National Museum of American History.
Identifier:
NMAH.AC.1216
Archival Repository:
Archives Center, National Museum of American History
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-nmah-ac-1216
Additional Online Media:

Frank J. Ryan Sports Training Collection

Creator:
Ryan, Frank J.  Search this
Extent:
16 Cubic feet
Type:
Archival materials
Collection descriptions
Photographs
Brochures
Books
Motion pictures (visual works)
Advertisements
Scrapbooks
Patents
Date:
1936-1982
Scope and Contents:
Archival materials relating to Ryan's career as an athlete, a sports coach at Yale, an inventor, and an author. Includes photographs, the patent for Ryan's electro-mechanical football game, scrapbooks of newsclippings, Ryan's instructional books on sports, brochures, reprints of articles and other printed materials relating to Ryan's instructional films. Also included are instructional sports films Ryan created and marketed.
Arrangement:
Divided into 2 series: Series 1: Papers, photographs and printed materials; Series 2: Audiovisual materials.
Biographical / Historical:
Coach at Yale University, creator of sports training films and author of sports training books. He developed a unique bank/school community relations program wherein banks would donate Ryan's sports training films to local schools in exchange for publicity.
Provenance:
Donated to the Archives Center in 2004 by Neil Ryan (Frank Ryan's son) and Fran Ryan.
Restrictions:
UNPROCESSED COLLECTION.
Unrestricted research access on site by appointment.,Unprotected photographs must be handled with gloves.
Rights:
Collection items available for reproduction, but the Archives Center makes no guarantees concerning copyright restrictions. Other intellectual property rights may apply. Archives Center cost-recovery and use fees may apply when requesting reproductions.
Topic:
Coaches (Athletics)  Search this
Coaching (Athletics)  Search this
Physical education and training  Search this
Athletics  Search this
Sports -- 20th century  Search this
Genre/Form:
Photographs -- 20th century
Brochures
Books
Motion pictures (visual works) -- 20th century
Advertisements -- 20th century
Scrapbooks
Patents
Citation:
Frank J. Ryan Sports Training Collection, Archives Center, National Museum of American History.
Identifier:
NMAH.AC.0871
Archival Repository:
Archives Center, National Museum of American History
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-nmah-ac-0871

Audiovisual Records

Creator::
National Portrait Gallery. Office of Exhibitions  Search this
Extent:
11 cu. ft. (11 record storage boxes)
Type:
Archival materials
Collection descriptions
Motion pictures (visual works)
Sound recordings
Date:
circa 1970-1988
Descriptive Entry:
This accession consists of audio and visual recordings of National Portrait Gallery exhibitions and announcements used for broadcast. Major exhibitions documented within this collection include: "American Colonial Portraits: 1700-1776," and "Champions of American Sport." Materials consist of 16mm film and magnetic audio tracks.
Topic:
Video recordings -- Production and direction  Search this
Museum exhibits  Search this
Advertising, Public service  Search this
Art museums  Search this
Genre/Form:
Motion pictures (visual works)
Sound recordings
Citation:
Smithsonian Institution Archives, Accession 16-323, National Portrait Gallery. Office of Exhibitions , Audiovisual Records
Identifier:
Accession 16-323
See more items in:
Audiovisual Records
Archival Repository:
Smithsonian Institution Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-sia-fa16-323

Smithsonian World/WETA "Selling the Dream" Collection

Producer:
Smithsonian World  Search this
Names:
Center for Advertising History  Search this
Grey Advertising.  Search this
Mitsubishi  Search this
WETA  Search this
Wieden & Kennedy  Search this
Gitlin, Todd  Search this
Marchand, Roland  Search this
Oda, Frances  Search this
Ogilvy, David  Search this
Pertshuk, Michael  Search this
Polykoff, Shairley  Search this
Extent:
23 Cubic feet (16 boxes)
Type:
Archival materials
Collection descriptions
Audiovisual materials
Oral history
Motion pictures (visual works)
Transcripts
Interviews
Press releases
Date:
1990-1991
Summary:
The collection documents "Selling the Dream" was an hour long television documentary that aired in early 1991 as part of the public television series, Smithsonian World.
Scope and Contents:
Series 1, boxes 1-15: 16 mm color film shot for the program, arranged in two subseries. Subseries A, boxes 1-10, consists of primary source materials including film footage of a meeting of scholars, historians, archivists, Weiden & Kennedy advertising agency personnel, and Nike executives at the Smithsonian's Center for Advertising History for the Nike Advertising Oral History and Documentation Project; interviews with scholars, historians, industry representatives (including transcripts for some interviews); and documentation of a Mitsubishi GT3000 ad from pitch to production, including meetings between Grey advertising agency personnel and Mitsubishi account representatives, a live commerical shoot and a production session with a commercial narrator. Subseries B, boxes 11-15, consists of secondary materials created during production, including pre-production sync pulls, trims, and lifts as compiled and edited by producer Steven York and Associates. Series 2, box 16, contains documentary materials relating to the show's production and broadcast, including correspondence, press releases, and publicity. Transcripts for the interviews are located here.
Arrangement:
The collection is divided into two series.

Series 1: Film

Series 2: Documentary Material
Biographical / Historical:
"Selling the Dream" was an hour-long television documentary that aired in early 1991 as part of the public television series "Smithsonian World." The program traces the evolution of advertising from the late 19th century through the creative revolution of the 1960s to explore how advertising both influences and reflects American culture. In addition to historical imagery, the program follows a contemporary Mitsubishi GT3000 automobile advertising campaign from conception to production. The program features interviews with the men and women who created the advertising as well as with scholars, historians, industry advocates and government officials who comment on the role and history of advertising in a comsumer culture. "Selling the Dream" was underwritten by Southwestern Bell and co-produced by WETA and the Smithsonian Institution. The Center for Advertising History served as a resource and consultant to the producers.
Provenance:
Collection donated by Smithsonian World through executive producer Sandra Bradley, in August 1991.
Restrictions:
Collection is open for research.
Rights:
There are reproduction restrictions on material in this collection. See repository details.
Topic:
Stereotypes (Social psychology) in advertising  Search this
Symbolism in advertising  Search this
Wit and humor in advertising  Search this
Sex role in advertising  Search this
Television advertising  Search this
advertising  Search this
Genre/Form:
Audiovisual materials
Oral history -- 1990-2000
Motion pictures (visual works) -- 1990-2000
Transcripts
Interviews -- 1950-2000
Press releases -- 1990-2000
Citation:
Smithsonian World/WETA "Selling the Dream" Collection, 1990-1991, Archives Center, National Museum of American History.
Identifier:
NMAH.AC.0418
See more items in:
Smithsonian World/WETA "Selling the Dream" Collection
Archival Repository:
Archives Center, National Museum of American History
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-nmah-ac-0418

Arnold D. Kates Film Collection

Creator:
Kates, Arnold D.  Search this
Names:
Advertising Federation of America  Search this
Association of Young Advertising Men  Search this
Bush Terminal Building  Search this
Railway Express Agency.  Search this
Extent:
1 film reel
Type:
Archival materials
Collection descriptions
Film reels
Motion pictures (visual works)
Cityscapes
Place:
Lincoln Memorial (Washington, D.C.)
White House (Washington, D.C.)
Washington (D.C.) -- 1930-1940
New York (N.Y.) -- 1930-1940
Date:
1929-1931, undated
Summary:
Arnold D. Kates was an officer in the Association of Young Advertising Men of New York in the 1930s. As an officer, he visited Washington, D.C., to attend the annual meeting of the Advertising Federation of America and took home movies of the capital, including a formal reception at the White House, the Washington Monument, and the Lincoln Memorial. Additional film footage includes scenes on a ship, cityscapes and industrial landscapes of New York City.
Scope and Contents:
Four small reels, combined into a single compilation reel by Archives Center staff, of 16mm black and white, silent, camera original reversal motion picture film. One film depicts scenes of Washington, D.C., including a receiving line at the White House for the annual meeting of the Advertising Federation of America. A second film shows people on a boat, people in a car, and a woman with a calf. The third depicts a Manhattan, New York cityscape, docks and ships, industrial buildings, rail yards and railcars, and shipping trucks. Trucks from the Railway Express Agency and the Bush Terminal Co. appear, as well as buildings possibly owned and/or operated by the Bush Terminal Co. Lastly, the fourth film contains images of automobiles and individuals outside of a building possibly identified as the Cypress Hills Hotel Abbey.

Arnold D. Kates dated the film contents to 1931 based on writing on the boxes the films were contained in when he donated the films. An examination of the Eastman Kodak film stock codes gives dates of 1929 and 1930 for the actual film stock. The four films have been combined into a single compilation reel based on the film stock chronology. The first three films have stock dating 1929 and the final film's stock on the compilation reel dates 1930. No other chronological linkages could be determined.
Biographical / Historical:
Arnold D. Kates was an officer in the Association of Young Advertising Men of New York in the 1930s. As an officer, he visited Washington, D.C., to attend the annual meeting of the Advertising Federation of America and took home movies of the capital, including a formal reception at the White House, the Washington Monument, and the Lincoln Memorial. Additional film footage includes scenes on a ship, cityscapes and industrial landscapes of New York City.
Provenance:
The collection was donated by Arnold D. Kates, 1983.
Restrictions:
Collection is open for research.
Rights:
Collection items available for reproduction, but the Archives Center makes no guarantees concerning copyright restrictions. Other intellectual property rights may apply. Archives Center cost-recovery and use fees may apply when requesting reproductions.
Topic:
United States Capitol (Washington, D.C.) -- 1880-1890  Search this
Washington Monument (Washington, D.C.)  Search this
Urban Life  Search this
Associations, institutions, etc.  Search this
Automobiles -- 1920-1930  Search this
Railroads  Search this
Ships -- New York (N.Y.)  Search this
Boats -- New York (N.Y.)  Search this
Harbors -- New York (N.Y.)  Search this
Monuments -- Washington (D.C.)  Search this
Genre/Form:
Motion pictures (visual works) -- 1930-1950
Cityscapes
Citation:
Arnold D. Kates Film Collection, Archives Center, National Museum of American History
Identifier:
NMAH.AC.0259
See more items in:
Arnold D. Kates Film Collection
Archival Repository:
Archives Center, National Museum of American History
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-nmah-ac-0259

Erol's Video Club Collection

Creator:
Wiener, Tom  Search this
Erol's Video Club.  Search this
Extent:
1 Cubic foot (3 boxes)
Type:
Archival materials
Collection descriptions
Advertisements
Design drawings
Catalogs
Posters
Newsletters
Date:
1984-1991
Summary:
Advertising and promotional materials for Erol's Video Club. Includes a calendar with advertising and coupons, two binders of member newsletters, newspapers, original design drawings for advertising, and posters.
Scope and Contents note:
The collection consists of advertising and promotional materials for Erol's Video, Inc. Materials include Series 1: The Erol's Video Club Newsletter, 1984-1985, which contains features of the month and items for sale.

Series 2: The Erol's Video Club Newspaper, 1986-1988, features video rentals, tapes for sale, video services, a gift tape guide, rental guide, and coming attractions.

Series 3: Advertising Materials, 1991, undated consist of a calendar, posters, original artwork, and one black and white photo promoting Erol's and it's video products.
Arrangement:
Divided into 3 series: (1) Erol's Video Club Newsletter; (2) Erol's Video Club Product Newspaper; (3) Advertising Materials.
Biographical/Historical note:
A Washington, D.C. area videocassette rental club, founded in 1963. It was later sold to Blockbuster Video.
Provenance:
Collection donated by Erol's Video Club.
Restrictions:
Unrestricted research access on site by appointment.
Rights:
Collection items available for reproduction, but the Archives Center makes no guarantees concerning copyright restrictions. Other intellectual property rights may apply. Archives Center cost-recovery and use fees may apply when requesting reproductions.
Topic:
Motion picture industry  Search this
Customer clubs  Search this
Video recordings industry  Search this
Genre/Form:
Advertisements -- 1980-2000
Design drawings
Catalogs
Posters -- 20th century
Newsletters
Citation:
Erol's Video Club Collection, 1984-1991, Archives Center, National Museum of American History.
Identifier:
NMAH.AC.0687
See more items in:
Erol's Video Club Collection
Archival Repository:
Archives Center, National Museum of American History
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-nmah-ac-0687

Productions

Creator:
Smithsonian Productions  Search this
Extent:
3 cu. ft. (3 record storage boxes)
Type:
Archival materials
Collection descriptions
Audiotapes
Videotapes
Motion pictures (visual works)
Date:
1997-1998
Descriptive Entry:
This accession consists of 26 film cans (16mm OCN), 17 videos (Beta SP), and 14 audio elements (1/4" original audiotapes) documenting the Lemelson Center New Perspectives Program, "The Colors of Invention: An Exploration of Color, Technology, and Culture." The program examined how the colors of the material world came to be; how the development of colors relates to products and technologies; and how designers, manufacturers, advertisers, and the media use colors to influence people's lives. Presentations were geared to all age levels, following the Lemelson Center's mission to bring together inventors, scholars, educators, and young people to further the knowledge of and support for invention and innovation.
Restrictions:
Special restrictions on use of these materials may apply. Viewing copies are not currently available, but can be made for a fee, Transferring office; 4/10/2002 memorandum, Peters to SIA; Contact reference staff for details.
Topic:
Colors of Invention: An Exploration of Color, Technology, and Culture (Documentary film : 1998)  Search this
Inventors  Search this
Genre/Form:
Audiotapes
Videotapes
Motion pictures (visual works)
Citation:
Smithsonian Institution Archives, Accession 02-129, Smithsonian Productions, Productions
Identifier:
Accession 02-129
See more items in:
Productions
Archival Repository:
Smithsonian Institution Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-sia-fa02-129

Stanley Lomas Television Commercial Collection

Collector:
Lomas, Stanley  Search this
Manufacturer:
Coca-Cola Company  Search this
Colgate-Palmolive.  Search this
DuMont  Search this
R.J. Reynolds Tobacco Company  Search this
Actor:
Heston, Charlton  Search this
Keith, Brian, 1921-1997  Search this
Moore, Garry, 1915-1993  Search this
Wayne, John, 1907-1979  Search this
Extent:
7 motion picture films
Type:
Archival materials
Collection descriptions
Motion picture films
Commercials
Date:
1947-1990
bulk 1950-1956
Scope and Contents:
The Stanley Lomas Television Commercial Collection consists of 226 television commercials for products including dishwashing soap, beer, cigarettes, soft drinks, and breakfast cereals. The collection also includes a short 1954 film demonstrating the DuMont Electronicam, a camera designed for simultaneous live broadcast and film recording. There is also an oral history interview conducted with Stanley Lomas in 1990. Supporting documentation includes memoranda about the use of television in advertising, photographs, articles by or about Stanley Lomas, and an abstract of the oral history interview.
Arrangement:
The collection is arranged in two series.

Series 1: Supporting Documentation, 1947-1990

Series 2: Audiovisual, 1950-1990

Subseries 2.1: Television Commercials, 1950-1956

Subsubseries 2.1.1: Reel 1

Subsubseries 2.1.2: Reel 2

Subseries 2.2: Oral History
Biographical / Historical:
Stanley A. Lomas (1913-2003) began working in television in 1948 at the DuMont network. He started his career producing sports broadcasts.. He went on to produce television commercials, first live and then filmed, for William Esty and Company, Inc., an ad agency with major clients including R.J. Reynolds, Coca Cola, and Colgate Palmolive. Around 1949 Lomas became Esty's vice president for televison commercial creation and production. Lomas often used celebrities to promote the products in his commercials. Many of the commercials in the Stanley Lomas Collection feature baseball players, Hollywood actors, and television personalities. Among the most well-known commercials are those that have doctors recommending specific cigarette brands. Lomas left Esty in 1957 and later founded his own agency, Stanley A. Lomas & Associates which specialized in market research. After retiring Lomas embarked on a career as an artist.
Provenance:
Donated by Stanley Lomas, January 18, 1990.
Restrictions:
Unrestricted research use on site by appointment. Only reference videos may be used. Reel 1 has been digitized and is available in the Smithsonian Institution Digital Asset Management Systen (DAMS).
Rights:
Reproduction fees for commercial use. Copyright restrictions. Contact staff for information.
Topic:
Baseball players -- 1950-1960 -- United States  Search this
Athletes -- 1950-1960 -- United States  Search this
Celebrities -- 1950-1960 -- United States  Search this
Television advertising -- 1950-1960 -- United States  Search this
Broadcast advertising  Search this
Cigarettes -- advertising -- 1950-1960 -- United States  Search this
Beer -- 1950-1960 -- United States  Search this
Carbonated beverages -- 1950-1960 -- United States  Search this
Cereals, prepared -- 1950-1960 -- United States  Search this
Television cameras -- 1950-1960 -- United States  Search this
Soap -- 1950-1960 -- United States  Search this
Genre/Form:
Commercials
Citation:
Stanley Lomas Television Commercial Collection, Archives Center, National Museum of American History, Smithsonian Institution
Identifier:
NMAH.AC.0342
See more items in:
Stanley Lomas Television Commercial Collection
Archival Repository:
Archives Center, National Museum of American History
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-nmah-ac-0342

Westbrook Theatre Corporation Records

Creator:
Westbrook Theatre Corporation  Search this
Westbrook Theatre  Search this
Other:
Robinson, Verna Kimball, 1904-1988  Search this
Robinson, Colby W., 1900-1950  Search this
Colby Theatre -- 20th century  Search this
Hawkes, Philip, 1897-1962 -- 20th century  Search this
Extent:
0.15 Cubic feet (1.5 document boxes)
Type:
Archival materials
Collection descriptions
Place:
Fryeburg, Maine
Westbrook, Maine
Bingham, Maine
Date:
1934-1950, undated
bulk 1939-1942
Summary:
This collection contains the business records of the Westbrook Theatre Corporation of Westbrook, Maine. Records include the Colby, Rialto, and Knights of Pythias motion picture theatres in Bingham, Fryeburg, and elsewhere. The collection includes financial records, business correspondence, and photographs.
Scope and Contents:
Series 1, Westbrook Theatre Corporation Records, 1934-1950, undated. This series contains ledgers, business-related correspondence and documents, monthly accounts detailing attendance, cost, revenue, and program for the three theatres managed by Westbrook; equipment advertising and specifications, licenses, receipts, documents related to various film exchanges and motion picture production companies (including Paramount, RKO, and Universal), union contracts, check books, a weekly report card book (a book of standardized forms for motion picture projectors produced by the International Photographers of the Motion Picture Industry, a branch of the International Alliance of Theatrical Stage Employees (IATSE)), and black and white photographs of the Colby Theatre in Bingham, Maine.
Arrangement:
The collection is arranged into one series.
Biographical / Historical:
The Westbrook Theatre Corporation was formed July 30, 1934 in Westbrook, Maine. The president was Colby W. Robinson and Philip W. Hawkes was treasurer. There were 161 shares of stock divided among Robinson (eighty shares), Hawkes (eighty shares), and Marion Hawkes (one share). At its inception the corporation's stock was valued at ten dollars a share. The corporation ran the Colby Theatre in Bingham, the Rialto Theatre, and later rented the Knights of Pythias Hall in Fryeburg, Maine.

The Corporation was independent, not allied with or owned by one motion picture studio. Film rentals were handled through exchanges, and motion pictures produced by Paramount, RKO, and Universal (to name three producers) regularly appeared on its programs. Programs included such first run films as Citizen Kane, Young Man With a Horn, and The Howards of Virginia, motion pictures with well-known stars produced by the major studios. B pictures made up a considerable portion of the fare as well as motion picture serials such as the Blondie comedies, and Westerns. The meticulous recording of daily programs, attendance, and receipts as well as supporting documents provides an accurate basis for research into the daily life of an independently run motion picture theatre.

The papers indicate that day to day management and running of the theatres was the job of Robinson and his wife Verna. Later Verna's sister, Lucy, seems to have joined the business. With Robinson's death in 1950 it is unknown if the Corporation continued or was dissolved. Philip and Marion Hawkes rarely show up in the documents. The Hawkeses eventually moved to Southern California so perhaps that explains their absence from the records.

Colby W. Robinson was born in Bingham, Maine on November 16, 1900, the son of Walter E. Robinson and Nellie M. Preble. Robinson's father was a merchant. On October 21, 1925 Robinson married Verna L. Kimball, the daughter of Leon L. and Ruth Clifford Kimball. Verna's father was a farmer in Albany, Maine and Verna was born on February 28, 1904 in Albany. By the 1940 United States census, they were living in Portland, Maine along with Verna's younger sister Lucy. Robinson listed his occupation as theatre manager; Verna was listed as bookeeper, and Lucy was a theatre cashier. Robinson died in 1950, and it is unclear if the business continued past his death as the records in this collection cease in 1950. Verna died November 28, 1988. Both of them are buried in the village cemetery at Bingham, Maine. They had no children.

Phillip Hawkes, treasurer, was born in Westbrook, Maine on July 17, 1897 to E. Leroy and Maude Laura Hawkes. Leroy Hawkes was a laundryman. He married Marion A. Harlow on April 5, 1924. By the 1930 census, Hawkes is listed as a superintendent in a laundry. Hawkes died on September 21, 1962 and Marion died November 17, 1986. Both are buried at Forest Lawn Cypress Cemetery in Orange County, California.
Provenance:
Donated to the Archives Center, National Museum of American History, Smithsonian, by Archives Center employee Craig A. Orr in 2013.
Restrictions:
Collection is open for research.
Rights:
Collection items available for reproduction, but the Archives Center makes no guarantees concerning copyright restrictions. Other intellectual property rights may apply. Archives Center cost-recovery and use fees may apply when requesting reproductions.
Topic:
Motion pictures -- History  Search this
Motion picture industry  Search this
Knights of Pythias  Search this
Theater -- History -- 20th century  Search this
Citation:
Westbrook Theatre Corporation Records, 1934-1950, undated, Archives Center, National Museum of American History, Smithsonian Institution
Westbrook Theatre Corporation Records, Archives Center, National Museum of American History
Identifier:
NMAH.AC.1296
See more items in:
Westbrook Theatre Corporation Records
Archival Repository:
Archives Center, National Museum of American History
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-nmah-ac-1296

Advertising

Collection Creator:
Skowhegan School of Painting and Sculpture  Search this
Container:
Box 4, Folder 36
Type:
Archival materials
Date:
1946-circa 1963
Collection Restrictions:
Use of original papers requires an appointment and is limited to the Archives' Washington, D.C., Research Center. Use of archival audiovisual recordings with no duplicate copies requires advance notice.
Collection Rights:
Skowhegan Lecture Archives: Authorization to publish, quote or reproduce requires written permission from Skowhegan in addition to the copyright holders. A list of copyright holders is available at the Archives of American Art Washington, D.C. office. Transcripts may not be duplicated.

The Archives of American Art makes its archival collections available for non-commercial, educational and personal use unless restricted by copyright and/or donor restrictions, including but not limited to access and publication restrictions. AAA makes no representations concerning such rights and restrictions and it is the user's responsibility to determine whether rights or restrictions exist and to obtain any necessary permission to access, use, reproduce and publish the collections. Please refer to the Smithsonian's Terms of Use for additional information.
Collection Citation:
Skowhegan School of Painting and Sculpture records, 1945-2013. Archives of American Art, Smithsonian Institution.
See more items in:
Skowhegan School of Painting and Sculpture records
Archival Repository:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-aaa-skowscho-ref85

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