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Burt Chernow papers

Creator:
Chernow, Burt  Search this
Names:
Housatonic Community College (Bridgeport, Conn.)  Search this
Housatonic Museum of Art  Search this
Westport Schools Permanent Art Collection  Search this
Westport-Weston Arts Council (Westport, Conn.)  Search this
Arman, 1928-2005  Search this
Avery, Milton, 1885-1965  Search this
Christo, 1935-  Search this
Christo, 1935- (Wrapped Reichstag)  Search this
Hendricks, Barkley L., 1945-  Search this
Jeanne-Claude, 1935-2009  Search this
Johnson, Lester, 1919-2010  Search this
Peterdi, Gabor  Search this
Woodham, Jean, 1925-  Search this
Zúñiga, Francisco, 1912-1998  Search this
Extent:
21.8 Linear Feet
Type:
Archival materials
Collection descriptions
Interviews
Transcriptions
Video recordings
Sound recordings
Photographs
Date:
1930-2002
Summary:
The papers of Burt Chernow measure 21.8 linear feet and consist mainly of research materials gathered and produced in the course of writing Christo and Jeanne-Claude: A Biography over an extensive period of close contact with the subjects, from the early 1980s until Chernow's death in 1997. Research materials for the biography include photocopies of personal documents of the Christos, hundreds of recorded interviews with Christo, Jeanne-Claude, their family members, and their associates, transcripts of interviews and research on interview subjects, other collected research material compiled chronologically, drafts of the biography written by Chernow, drafts of the biography and its epilogue produced after Chernow's death, and business records related to the book's production, which include significant correspondence with the Christos. Also found are the published German and U.S. editions of the biography, printed materials and photographs related to the book's subject matter, and fabric samples from five of the Christos' projects undertaken during Chernow's association with them. Chernow's career as an art critic, writer, educator, and arts advocate, primarily in Southern Connecticut, is documented in Chernow's other writings, organizational records, printed materials, and photographs.
Scope and Contents:
The papers of Burt Chernow measure 21.8 linear feet and consist mainly of research materials gathered and produced in the course of writing Christo and Jeanne-Claude: A Biography over an extensive period of close contact with the subjects, from the early 1980s until Chernow's death in 1997. Research materials for the biography include photocopies of personal documents of the Christos, hundreds of recorded interviews with Christo, Jeanne-Claude, their family members, and their associates, transcripts of interviews and research on interview subjects, other collected research material compiled chronologically, drafts of the biography written by Chernow, drafts of the biography and its epilogue produced after Chernow's death, and business records related to the book's production, which include significant correspondence with the Christos. Also found are the published German and U.S. editions of the biography, printed materials and photographs related to the book's subject matter, and fabric samples from five of the Christos' projects undertaken during Chernow's association with them.

Chernow's career as an art critic, writer, educator, and arts advocate, primarily in Southern Connecticut, is documented in Chernow's other writings, organizational records, printed materials, and photographs. Other writings include drafts of articles, lectures, exhibition reviews, and catalog essays, some of which include research material gathered on the subjects. Artists written about by Chernow include Arman, Milton Avery, Barkley Hendricks, Francisco Zuñiga, Lester Johnson, Gabor Peterdi, and Jean Woodham, among many others, and including many Connecticut artists. A recorded interview with Arman, as well as transcripts of multiple interviews with Zuñiga, are filed with these writings. Also found are many writings and lectures related to the value of visual art in public life and in elementary and higher education. Numerous lectures by Chernow about several of the Christos' large-scale projects are also found, one of which, on the Wrapped Reichstag, is recorded on video.

Organizational records document Chernow's involvement in various art education organizations, his years of teaching at Housatonic Community College, his development of the Housatonic Museum of Art collection, and his work with several local arts organizations in Westport, Conn., including the Westport Arts Advisory Council, the Westport Arts Center, the Westport Schools Permanent Art Collection Committee, and the Westport Weston Arts Council. Types of documents found include correspondence, clippings, photographs, flyers, and notes.

Printed material includes many of the books written by Chernow, and monographs and magazines which included essays on specific artists by Chernow. A file of clippings about Chernow spanning his career is also found. Photographs include prints, negatives, and contact sheets, and consist mainly of photographs of artists, many of which were taken by Chernow, and many of which are signed by the artists with a personal note to the Chernows. A handful of personal photographs of the Chernows are also found.
Arrangement:
Collection is arranged as 5 series.

Series 1: Research Material for -- Christo and Jeanne-Claude: A Biography -- , 1930-2002 (17.1 linear feet; Boxes 1-17, 23, OV 24)

Series 2: Other Writing, 1962-1999 (1.5 linear feet; Boxes 17-19)

Series 3: Organizational Records, 1963-2000 (1.1 linear feet; Boxes 19-20, 23, OV 24)

Series 4: Printed Material, 1960-2002 (1.3 linear feet; Boxes 20-21, 23)

Series 5: Photographs, 1950-1997 (0.8 linear feet; Boxes 21-23, OV 24)
Biographical / Historical:
Burt Chernow was an art historian, writer, educator, collector, and dealer who founded the Housatonic Museum of Art in Bridgeport, Connecticut, and who, upon his retirement from Housatonic Community College, became the authorized biographer of Christo and Jeanne-Claude, which he researched through close contact with the Christos from 1984 until his death in 1997. Although he had not completed the biography when he died, his wife Ann Chernow saw the manuscript through to publication, and the biography, Christo and Jeanne-Claude: A Biography, was first published in Germany in 2000, and then in the United States in 2002.

Born in New York City in 1933, Chernow earned a master's degree in art education at New York University in 1960, and began his career as an art teacher in the Westport, Connecticut public schools, later joining the faculty of the Art Department at the Housatonic Community College, where he eventually became the department's director. He also taught at the Museum of Modern Art, organizing the Children's Art Carnival in Harlem through the museum, and at Silvermine School of the Arts, the A.B.C.D. Arts Center in Bridgeport, Conn., and the Stamford Museum. While on faculty at Housatonic Community College, he began collecting original artworks, mainly through donations directly from the artists, for what eventually became the Housatonic Museum of Art. Over the course of nearly 30 years he amassed over 4000 works for the collection, the largest of its kind for a community college, and remained the museum's Emeritus Director until his death. He remained active in civic arts organizations in Westport as well, where he was a founding member of the Westport Arts Center, served on the Westport Arts Advisory Council, and helped to establish the annual Westport Arts Awards.

Upon his retirement from the Housatonic faculty in 1984, Chernow approached Christo and Jeanne-Claude about becoming their authorized biographer. He had participated in their project Surrounded Islands in Miami in 1983, and had played a role in exhibitions and artist talks by Christo at the Aldrich Museum (1981) and the Wadsworth Atheneum (1978) as well. He and his wife Ann Chernow attended and helped to document the Wrapped Pont Neuf (1985) in Paris, and then visited Christo's family in Bulgaria in 1986. It was after their Bulgarian trip that Christo and Jeanne-Claude agreed to authorize him to write their biography, and Chernow's research began in earnest. He conducted hundreds of interviews with them, their family, and associates, participated in the major large-scale projects that took place between 1985 and 1995, and completed a draft of the biography up to the year 1982 before he died suddenly in 1997. After his death, his wife Ann Chernow saw the biography through to publication. It was published with an epilogue by Wolfgang Volz, the Christos' official photographer, bringing the Christos' story up to date from where Chernow had left off, first in Germany, and later in the United States and Italy.

Chernow wrote many books, catalogs, and articles about other artists as well, including Milton Avery, Francisco Zuniga, Gabor Peterdi, Will Barnet, Jean Woodham, and Lester Johnson, among others, and published and lectured widely on the subjects of art education and public art.
Provenance:
Donated 2002 by Ann Chernow, the widow of Burt Chernow.
Restrictions:
Use of original papers requires an appointment. Use of archival audiovisual recordings with no duplicate access copy requires advance notice.
Rights:
The Burt Chernow papers are owned by the Archives of American Art, Smithsonian Institution. Literary rights as possessed by the donor have been dedicated to public use for research, study, and scholarship. The collection is subject to all copyright laws.
Occupation:
Art historians -- Connecticut  Search this
Topic:
Art -- Study and teaching  Search this
Art critics -- Connecticut  Search this
Authors -- Connecticut  Search this
Educators -- Connecticut  Search this
Genre/Form:
Interviews
Transcriptions
Video recordings
Sound recordings
Photographs
Citation:
Burt Chernow papers, 1930-2002. Archives of American Art, Smithsonian Institution.
Identifier:
AAA.cherburt
See more items in:
Burt Chernow papers
Archival Repository:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-aaa-cherburt

Francisco Zúñiga, sculptor : conversations and interpretations / Sheldon Reich

Author:
Reich, Sheldon  Search this
Zúñiga, Francisco 1912-1998  Search this
Subject:
Zúñiga, Francisco 1912-1998  Search this
Physical description:
xvi, 153 pages : illustrations ; 32 cm
Type:
Interviews
Place:
Mexico
Date:
1980
©1980
Topic:
Sculptors  Search this
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_1049403

Francisco Zuñiga : Brewster Gallery

Author:
Zúñiga, Francisco 1912-1998  Search this
Brewster Gallery (New York, N.Y.)  Search this
Subject:
Zúñiga, Francisco 1912-1998  Search this
Physical description:
16 unnumbered pages : chiefly illustrations, portrait ; 21 cm
Type:
Books
Exhibitions
Exhibition catalogs
Date:
1990
Call number:
NB259.Z8 A4 1990
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_1072601

Francisco Zúñiga / introducción por Carlos Francisco Echeverría ; comentarios de Francisco Zúniga

Author:
Zúñiga, Francisco 1912-1998  Search this
Subject:
Zúñiga, Francisco 1912-1998  Search this
Physical description:
317 p. : ill. (some col.) ; 35 cm
Type:
Books
Date:
1980
Call number:
N40.1.Z95 E18
N40.1.Z95E18
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_244150

Zúñiga, the complete graphics, 1972-1984 / by Jerry Brewster ; interview and essay by Burt Chernow

Author:
Brewster, Jerry  Search this
Zúñiga, Francisco 1912-1998  Search this
Chernow, Burt  Search this
Subject:
Zúñiga, Francisco 1912-1998  Search this
Physical description:
245 p. : chiefly ill. (some col.), port. ; 30 cm
Type:
Books
Date:
1984
Call number:
N40.1.Z95x B84 1984
N40.1.Z95xB84 1984
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_401150

Zúñiga / introducción de Alí Chumacero ; notas autobiográficas de Francisco Zúñiga ; [traducción William K. Boone]

Author:
Zúñiga, Francisco 1912-1998  Search this
Chumacero, Alí 1918-  Search this
Subject:
Zúñiga, Francisco 1912-1998  Search this
Physical description:
47, [104] p. : chiefly ill. (part col.), ports., 36 cm
Type:
Books
Date:
1969
C1969
Topic:
Sculptors, Mexican  Search this
Call number:
N40.1.Z95 C55 1969
N40.1.Z95C55 1969
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_433352

Francisco Zuñiga : sculpture, drawings / Francisco Zuñiga

Author:
Zúñiga, Francisco 1912-1998  Search this
International Art Fair (7th : 1976 : Basel)  Search this
Subject:
Zúñiga, Francisco 1912-1998  Search this
Physical description:
31 p. : ill. ; 23 cm
Type:
Books
Date:
1976
1976] ;
Call number:
N6575.Z8 A4 1976
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_640283

Francisco Zúñiga : sculpture, drawings, lithographs / [text by Jacques Lassaigne ; translated by Gabriel Landau]

Author:
Zúñiga, Francisco 1912-1998  Search this
Lassaigne, Jacques 1910-  Search this
Subject:
Zúñiga, Francisco 1912-1998  Search this
Physical description:
124 p. : chiefly ill. (some col.) ; 23 x 23 cm
Type:
Books
Date:
1982
C1982
Call number:
N6575.Z8.L38
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_650875

Francisco Zúñiga

Author:
Zúñiga, Francisco 1912-1998  Search this
Hickman, Ronald D  Search this
Phoenix Art Museum  Search this
Subject:
Zúñiga, Francisco 1912-1998  Search this
Physical description:
1 portfolio ([2], [2] pages, 7 leaves of plates) : color illustrations, portrait ; 26 cm
Type:
Books
Exhibitions
Exhibition catalogs
Date:
1974
[1974?]
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_1072764

Excerpts from a conversation with Francisco Zuñiga

Author:
Zúñiga, Francisco 1912-1998  Search this
Vlady, Andrew  Search this
Rubicon Gallery  Search this
Subject:
Zúñiga, Francisco 1912-1998  Search this
Physical description:
1 portfolio ([12] leaves, [16] leaves of plates : ill., ports.) ; 20 cm
Type:
Interviews
Place:
Mexico
Date:
1978
Topic:
Sculptors  Search this
Call number:
N6575.Z8 A4 1978
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_636221

Francisco Zúñiga : an exhibition of sculpture and drawing [held at] Everson Museum of Art, Syracuse, New York, April 23-June 19, 1977, [and] De Cordova and Dana Museum & Park, Lincoln, Massachusetts, June 26-August 28, 1977

Author:
Zúñiga, Francisco 1912-1998  Search this
Everson Museum of Art  Search this
DeCordova and Dana Museum and Park  Search this
Subject:
Zúñiga, Francisco 1912-1998  Search this
Physical description:
63 p. : chiefly ill. ; 26 cm
Type:
Books
Date:
1977
[1977?]
Call number:
N6575.Z8 A4 1977
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_648840

Francisco Zúñiga

Author:
Zúñiga, Francisco 1912-1998  Search this
Subject:
Zúñiga, Francisco 1912- Catalogs  Search this
Physical description:
206 p. : ill. (some col.) ; 28 cm
Type:
Books
Date:
1994
Call number:
N40.1.Z95 Z95 1994
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_474518

Francisco Zúñiga : touching the earth : [exhibition], The Oakland Museum, August 19 - September 30, 1977

Author:
Zúñiga, Francisco 1912-1998  Search this
Oakland Museum  Search this
Subject:
Zúñiga, Francisco 1912- Exhibitions  Search this
Physical description:
27 p. : ill. ; 20 x 24 cm
Type:
Books
Date:
1977
C1977
Call number:
N40.1.Z95 O14
N40.1.Z95O14
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_201381

Francisco Zúñiga : catálogo razonado = catalogue raisonne

Author:
Zúñiga, Francisco 1912-1998  Search this
Subject:
Zúñiga, Francisco 1912-  Search this
Physical description:
v. <1- > : ill. (some col.) ; 33 cm
Type:
Books
Catalogues raisonnés
Date:
1999
Topic:
Sculptors, Mexican  Search this
Call number:
N6575.Z8 A4 1999
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_614589

Francisco Zúñiga : touching the earth : [exhibition], The Oakland Museum, August 19 - September 30, 1977

Author:
Zúñiga, Francisco 1912-1998  Search this
Oakland Museum  Search this
Subject:
Zúñiga, Francisco 1912- Exhibitions  Search this
Physical description:
27 p. : ill. ; 20 x 24 cm
Type:
Books
Date:
1977
C1977
Call number:
NB259.Z8 A4 1977
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_643186

Francisco Zuñiga : drawings and lithographs : art 9'78, Basel, June 14-19, 1978 : New York, June 14-July 8, 1978

Author:
Zúñiga, Francisco 1912-1998-  Search this
Brewster Gallery (New York, N.Y.)  Search this
Subject:
Zúñiga, Francisco 1912- Exhibitions  Search this
Physical description:
32 p. : ill. ; 26 cm
Type:
Books
Date:
1978
C1978
Call number:
N6575.Z8 A4 1978b
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_789238

Elena de Pie, (sculpture)

Sculptor:
Zuniga, Francisco 1912-1998  Search this
Subject:
De Pie, Elena  Search this
Medium:
Bronze
Type:
Sculptures-Outdoor Sculpture
Sculptures
Owner/Location:
Colorado Springs Fine Arts Center 30 W. Dale Street Colorado Springs Colorado 80903 Accession Number: FA 1983.9
Date:
1976
Topic:
Portrait female  Search this
Control number:
IAS 05370025
Data Source:
Art Inventories Catalog, Smithsonian American Art Museums
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_ari_25835

Crouching Woman, (sculpture)

Sculptor:
Zuniga, Francisco 1912-1998  Search this
Medium:
Bronze
Type:
Sculptures-Outdoor Sculpture
Sculptures
Owner/Location:
Phoenix Art Museum 1625 North Central Avenue Phoenix Arizona 85004
Date:
1965
Topic:
Figure female--Full length  Search this
Figure female--Nude  Search this
Control number:
IAS AZ000294
Data Source:
Art Inventories Catalog, Smithsonian American Art Museums
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_ari_323440

Standing Girl, (sculpture)

Sculptor:
Zuniga, Francisco 1912-1998  Search this
Medium:
Bronze
Type:
Sculptures-Outdoor Sculpture
Sculptures
Owner/Location:
San Diego Museum of Art Balboa Park San Diego California 92101
Date:
1972
Topic:
Figure female  Search this
Control number:
IAS 78090091
Data Source:
Art Inventories Catalog, Smithsonian American Art Museums
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_ari_365432

Tejana Sentada, (sculpture)

Sculptor:
Zuniga, Francisco 1912-1998  Search this
Medium:
Bronze
Type:
Sculptures-Outdoor Sculpture
Sculptures
Owner/Location:
University of California San Diego Near Peterson Building San Diego California
Date:
1983
Topic:
Abstract  Search this
Control number:
IAS 78090092
Data Source:
Art Inventories Catalog, Smithsonian American Art Museums
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_ari_365433

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