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Young, Art, 1866-1943

Collection Creator:
Rosenblum, Walter, 1919-2006  Search this
Extent:
1 Photograph
Container:
Binder 53
Type:
Archival materials
Photographs
Photographs
Collection Restrictions:
Researcher may use study prints on file in the Photograph Archives, Smithsonian American Art Museum. Advance appointments are required. Original negatives are stored off-site in cold storage and are not accessible to the public.
Collection Rights:
Copyright to photographs from the Walter Rosenblum Collection is held by the Smithsonian American Art Museum. Requests for permission to reproduce photographs from the collection must be submitted in writing to the Photograph Archives. Certain works of art, as well as photographs of those works of art, may be protected by copyright, trademark, privacy or publicity rights, or other interests not owned by the Smithsonian American Art Museum. It is the applicant's responsibility to ascertain whether any such rights exist, and to obtain any other permission necessary to reproduce and publish the image.
Collection Citation:
Walter Rosenblum Collection, Photograph Archives, Smithsonian American Art Museum
See more items in:
Walter Rosenblum photographs
Walter Rosenblum photographs / Series 1: Photographs of artists' works
Archival Repository:
Smithsonian American Art Museum, Research and Scholars Center
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-saam-photo-ros-ref680

The ACA Galleries records

Creator:
ACA Galleries  Search this
Names:
American Contemporary Art Gallery  Search this
Abbott, Berenice, 1898-1991  Search this
Baron, Herman, 1892-1961  Search this
Burliuk, David, 1882-1967  Search this
Cahill, Holger, 1887-1960  Search this
Dondero, George A. (George Anthony), 1883-1968  Search this
Evergood, Philip, 1901-1973  Search this
Gropper, William, 1897-1977  Search this
Gwathmey, Robert, 1903-1988  Search this
Hirsch, Joseph, 1910-1981  Search this
McCausland, Elizabeth, 1899-1965  Search this
Mumford, Lewis, 1895-1990  Search this
Olds, Elizabeth, 1896-1991  Search this
Pickens, Alton  Search this
Refregier, Anton, 1905-  Search this
Soyer, Moses, 1899-1974  Search this
Soyer, Raphael, 1899-1987  Search this
Valente, Alfredo  Search this
Weber, Max, 1881-1961  Search this
Young, Art, 1866-1943  Search this
Photographer:
Newman, Arnold, 1918-2006  Search this
Extent:
1 Linear foot
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Writings
Photographs
Date:
1917-1963
Summary:
The scattered records of the ACA (American Contemporary Art) Galleries date from 1917 through 1963 and include writings by founder Herman Baron, artists Philip Evergood and Anton Refregier, and art critic Elizabeth McCausland; printed materials; and photographs of Baron, ACA artists, art collectors, works of art, and exhibitions. Correspondence is with David Burliuk, Philip Evergood, William Gropper, Lewis Mumford, Moses Sawyer, Max Weber, and others. Also found is a small group of Herman Baron's personal papers.
Scope and Content Note:
The scattered records of the ACA (American Contemporary Art) Galleries date from 1917 through 1963 and include writings by founder Herman Baron, artists Philip Evergood and Anton Refregier, and art critic Elizabeth McCausland; printed materials; and photographs of Baron, ACA artists, art collectors, works of art, and exhibitions. Correspondence is with David Burliuk, Philip Evergood, William Gropper, Lewis Mumford, Moses Sawyer, Max Weber, and others. Also found is a small group of Herman Baron's personal papers.

The records are a rich resource for documenting the Social Realist artists and the militant socialist artists during the great depression and the post-World War II era of "McCarthyism".

Correspondence with ACA artists consists of letters from Philip Evergood, David Burliuk, William Gropper, Robert Gwathmey, Joseph Hirsch, Lewis Mumford, Elizabeth Olds, Alton Pickens, Moses Soyer, Max Weber, and Art Young. Some of the letters concern the socialist and communist views of some of the artists, including responses to Congressional Representive George A. Dondero's public statements and attacks on modern art as a conspiracy to spread communism in the United States. There is a letter written by Holger Cahill to the editor of Time magazine concerning WPA artists. Also found is a letter from Raphael Soyer written to the ACA Galleries concerning the American Artists' Congress.

Writings include Herman Baron's written history of the ACA Galleries and scattered pages of Baron's book on Joe Jones and William Gropper. There are essays and writings by art critic Elizabeth McCausland, and artists Anton Refregier and Philip Evergood. Printed materials consist of ACA publications, newspaper clippings, published articles, printed illustrations by Philip Evergood, and printed materials about Congressman Dondero.

Photographs are of David Burliuk, Bruce Calder, Nicolai Cikovsky, Hy Cohen, Robert Cronbach, Alexander Dobkin, Philip Evergood, Mike Gold, Chaim Gross, William Gropper, Joe Jones, Mervin Jules, Irene Rice Pereia, Geri Pine, Philip Reisman, Vic Shifreen, Harry Sternberg, Moses Soyer, Raphael Soyer, James Baare Turnbull, Nicky Walker, Abraham Walkowitz, Nat Werner, and Art Young. Photographers include Berenice Abbott, Arnold Newman, and Alfredo Valente. Additional photographs are of unidentified installations or exhibitions.

Herman Baron's personal papers include letters written to his wife and friends during World War I, writings by Baron for various magazines including Glazier's Journal. Personal photographs are of Herman Baron in his army uniform. There is also an obituary for Herman Baron written by art critic Elizabeth McCausland.
Arrangement:
The collection is arranged as 5 series:

Series 1: Correspondence, circa 1930s-1960s (Box 1; 0.25 linear feet)

Series 2: Writings and Notes, 1938-circa 1960s (Box 1; 8 folders)

Series 3: Printed Material, 1939-1960 (Box 2; 4 folders)

Series 4: Photographs, circa 1930s-circa 1960s (Box 2; 0.25 linear feet)

Series 5: Herman Baron Personal Papers, circa 1910s, 1940s-1960s (Box 2-3; 0.3 linear feet)
Historical Note:
Herman Baron, Stuart Davis, Yasuo Kuniyoshi, and Adolf Dehn founded the American Contemporary Art (ACA) Galleries on August 16, 1932. Located at 1269 Madison Avenue in New York City, the galleries' first show featured watercolorist Hy Cohen. Baron encouraged freedom of expression and did not censor the artworks displayed in his gallery. As a result, the gallery became an outlet for generally unknown and socially conscious artists, including the Social Realists.

Born in Lithuania in 1892, Herman Baron immigrated to the United States as a child. He served in World War I and later attended New York University. Baron founded and edited Glazier's Journal (later Glass Digest) in 1924 as the first journal for the professional glazing trade. Additionally, he wrote short stories and plays for American Hebrew and Young Israel.

In response to economic issues facing the art market during the depresssion of 1930s, ACA Galleries organized relief efforts to financially support their artists. During this period, the gallery became closely allied with militant artists' organizations and some of the more politically radical artists. In 1935, the ACA Galleries and Herman Baron hosted the first meeting of the American Artists' Congress in the gallery space.

The ACA Galleries featured exhibitions of works by artists David Burliuk, Stuart Davis, Philip Evergood, William Gropper, Robert Gwathmey, Joe Jones, Rockwell Kent, Lee Krasner, Yasuo Kuniyoshi, Lewis Mumford, Louise Nevelson, Alton Pickens, Moses Soyer, Raphael Soyer, Max Weber, Art Young, and others. Baron also organized exhibitions of many artists employed by or associated with the Works Progress Administration of the federal arts program. Due to the progressive nature of the works of art found in the ACA Galleries, Herman Baron came under considerable criticism during the McCarthy Era. Baron was condemned by Representative George A. Dondero for supporting "un-American" sympathies and was forced often to defend his gallery and artists.

For years the gallery focused on artists rights and supporting the work of artists, rather than a profit. In the 1950s, a shift occurred when Baron's nephew Sidney Bergen initiated professional business practices and transformed the gallery into a profitable venture. Now located at 529 West 20th Street in New York City, ACA Galleries continues to promote and support various social causes.
Related Material:
The Archives of American Art holds the Herman Baron papers, dating from 1937-1967 which were donated by Syracuse University, George Arents Research Library in 1984. Some exhibition catalogs may be found here.
Provenance:
Ella Baron, widow of the ACA Galleries' founder Herman Baron, donated the records to the Archives of American Art in 1965 and 1966.
Restrictions:
Use of original papers requires an appointment.
Rights:
The ACA Galleries records are owned by the Archives of American Art, Smithsonian Institution. Literary rights as possessed by the donor have been dedicated to public use for research, study, and scholarship. The collection is subject to all copyright laws.
Topic:
Art galleries, Commercial -- New York (State) -- New York  Search this
Art, American  Search this
Art dealers -- New York (State) -- New York  Search this
World War, 1914-1918  Search this
Politics in art  Search this
Gallery directors -- New York (State) -- New York  Search this
Genre/Form:
Writings
Photographs
Citation:
ACA Galleries records, 1917-1963. Archives of American Art, Smithsonian Institution.
Identifier:
AAA.acagall
See more items in:
The ACA Galleries records
Archival Repository:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-aaa-acagall
Additional Online Media:

Abraham Walkowitz [drawing] / (photographed by Peter A. Juley & Son)

Artist:
Young, Art 1866-1943  Search this
Subject:
Walkowitz, Abraham  Search this
Type:
Photograph
Date:
1943
Topic:
Portrait male--Full length  Search this
Occupation--Art--Painter  Search this
Image number:
JUL J0010640
See more items in:
Photograph Archives
Data Source:
Archives and Special Collections, Smithsonian American Art Museum
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_jul_10640

Landscape with Abstract Horse [graphic arts] / (photographed by Walter Rosenblum)

Artist:
Young, Art 1866-1943  Search this
Photographer:
Rosenblum, Walter 1919-2006  Search this
Type:
Photograph
Topic:
Abstract  Search this
Landscape  Search this
Animal--Horse  Search this
Image number:
ROS R0000781
See more items in:
Photograph Archives
Data Source:
Archives and Special Collections, Smithsonian American Art Museum
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_jul_130245

To laugh that we may not weep : the life & times of Art Young / edited by Glenn Bray & Frank M. Young ; introduction by Art Spiegelman

Title:
Life and times of Art Young
Editor:
Bray, Glenn  Search this
Young, Frank 1963-  Search this
Writer of introduction:
Spiegelman, Art  Search this
Subject:
Young, Art 1866-1943 History and criticism  Search this
Physical description:
381 pages : illustrations (some color) ; 32 cm
Type:
Books
Comics (Graphic works)
Criticism, interpretation, etc
Date:
2017
Topic:
Caricatures and cartoons  Search this
American wit and humor, Pictorial  Search this
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_1084299

Hell up to date : the reckless journey of R. Palasco Drant, newspaper correspondent, through the infernal regions, as reported by himself / with illustrations by Art Young

Artist:
Young, Art 1866-1943  Search this
Bookseller:
Smith, Ray  Search this
Publisher:
Schulte Publishing Company  Search this
Physical description:
xi, 6-82 pages : illustrations ; 18 x 22 cm
Type:
Caricatures and cartoons
Date:
1893
Topic:
Hell  Search this
Hell in art  Search this
American wit and humor  Search this
American wit and humor, Pictorial  Search this
Call number:
N40.1.Y68x A1he 1893
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_632784

Trees at night / by Art Young

Author:
Young, Art 1866-1943  Search this
Bookseller:
Smith, Ray  Search this
Physical description:
[7] p., 39 leaves of plates : ill. ; 26 cm
Type:
Books
Date:
1927
Topic:
Trees  Search this
Plants in art  Search this
Call number:
N40.1.Y68x A1t 1927
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_632786

The best of Art Young / with a introduction by Heywood Broun

Author:
Young, Art 1866-1943  Search this
Bookseller:
Smith, Ray DSI  Search this
Physical description:
186 p. : ill.; 27 cm
Type:
Books
Place:
United States
Date:
1936
Topic:
American wit and humor, Pictorial  Search this
Caricatures and cartoons  Search this
Call number:
N40.1.Y68x A1
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_555940

Thomas Rowlandson, by Art Young

Author:
Young, Art 1866-1943  Search this
Subject:
Rowlandson, Thomas 1756-1827  Search this
Physical description:
54, [1] p. incl. front. (port.) plates (part col.) 23 cm
Type:
Books
Date:
1938
Call number:
N40.1.R877x Y68
N40.1.R877xY68
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_317030

On my way : being the book of Art Young in text and picture

Author:
Young, Art 1866-1943  Search this
Subject:
Young, Art 1866-1943  Search this
Physical description:
vii, 303 p., [20] leaves of plates ill. ; 25 cm
Type:
Books
Place:
United States
Date:
1928
Topic:
Cartoonists  Search this
Wit and humor, Pictorial  Search this
Call number:
N40.1.Y68x A1o 1928
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_357225

Art Young, his life and times / by Art Young ; edited by John Nicholas Beffel

Author:
Young, Art 1866-1943  Search this
Beffel, John Nicholas  Search this
Subject:
Young, Art 1866-1943  Search this
Physical description:
xii, 467, [1] p. front., illus., plates, ports., facsim. 25 cm
Type:
Biography
Place:
United States
Date:
1939
Topic:
Cartoonists  Search this
Call number:
N40.1.Y68x A1h 1939
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_358070

Heavenly discourse, by Charles Erskine Scott Wood, with drawings by Art Young, frontispiece by Hugo Gellert

Author:
Wood, Charles Erskine Scott 1852-1944  Search this
Young, Art 1866-1943  Search this
Physical description:
xv, 325, [1] p. incl. front., plates. 19 cm
Type:
Books
Date:
1927
[c1927]
Call number:
N40.1.Y68x W8
N40.1.Y68xW8
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_372079

Good morning [microform]

Author:
Young, Art 1866-1943  Search this
Physical description:
3 v. in 1. ill. 29 cm
Type:
Microforms
Date:
1919
1968
Call number:
mfc 730
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_279276

Art Young's inferno; a journey through hell six hundred years after Dante

Author:
Young, Art 1866-1943  Search this
Physical description:
176 p. illus. 29 cm
Type:
Books
Date:
1972
1970 [i.e. 1972, c1934]
Call number:
N40.1.Y68x A1a 1972
N40.1.Y68xA1a 1972
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_22296

The best of Art Young; with a introduction by Heywood Broun

Author:
Young, Art 1866-1943  Search this
Physical description:
3 p. l. xi-xix p., 1 l., 23-186 p. front, illus, (incl. ports.) 27 cm
Type:
Books
Place:
United States
Date:
1936
Topic:
Caricatures and cartoons  Search this
American wit and humor, Pictorial  Search this
Call number:
N40.1.Y68x A1
N40.1.Y68xA1
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_71880

Cartoon of Magazine Covers, (painting)

Painter:
Young, Art 1866-1943  Search this
Medium:
Watercolor and ink on card
Type:
Paintings
Owner/Location:
Princeton University Art Museum Princeton New Jersey 08544 Accession Number: x1948-1845
Topic:
Object--Written Matter--Magazine  Search this
Cartoon  Search this
Control number:
IAP 32040867
Data Source:
Art Inventories Catalog, Smithsonian American Art Museums
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_ari_372443

Cartoon of Large Bearded Man Dictating to Scrawny Woman at a Typewriter, (painting)

Painter:
Young, Art 1866-1943  Search this
Medium:
Watercolor and ink on card
Type:
Paintings
Owner/Location:
Princeton University Art Museum Princeton New Jersey 08544 Accession Number: x1949-152
Date:
1909
Topic:
Figure group  Search this
Occupation--Other--Businessman  Search this
Occupation--Service--Secretary  Search this
Cartoon  Search this
Control number:
IAP 32040868
Data Source:
Art Inventories Catalog, Smithsonian American Art Museums
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_ari_372444

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