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Russian Aeronautical Collection

Creator:
Hardesty, Von, 1939-  Search this
Names:
Sikorsky, Igor Ivan.  Search this
Extent:
26 Linear feet
30.81 Cubic feet (53 legal-size document boxes, 1 slim legal-size document box, 1 flat box )
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Newspapers
Reports
Articles
Place:
Soviet Union
Date:
1876-2006
Summary:
The Russian Aeronautical Collection is a mix of technical, historical, and cultural reference materials, including originals or copies of articles, documents and other historical materials relating to Russian and Soviet aviation from the Tsarist period through the Soviet era. The collection focuses on key events, personalities and aircraft designs, and certain subject areas are covered in depth, including the life and career of Igor Sikorsky, the transpolar flights of the 1930s, Soviet aviation in the Spanish Civil War, and the operational history of the Soviet Air Force in World War II.
Scope and Contents:
This collection contains newspaper clippings, articles, pamphlets/booklets, magazines/journals, reports, monographs, manuscripts, bibliographies and a few photographs.

Note: The digital images in this finding aid were repurposed from scans made by an outside contractor for a commercial product and may show irregular cropping and orientation in addition to color variations resulting from damage to and deterioration of the original objects.
Arrangement:
This collection was arranged by the creator first by what chronological era the subject matter dealt with, then alphabetically within each era by file unit title. Von Hardesty also created a grouping of materials that deals with aircraft design and designers and another grouping that contains reference material. Groupings and materials are in the order that the processing archivist received them which also correspondes to the guide that Von Hardesty created.

The processing archivist added the last 2 series which covers materials that were not listed in the original guide to the collection.

There are 8 series:

Series I: 1885-1917

Series II: 1918-1940

Series III: 1941-1945

Series IV: 1946-Onwards

Series V: Design

Series VI: Reference

Series VII: Loose Materials

Series VIII: Administrative Material
Biographical / Historical:
The Russian Aeronautical Collection (RAC) was assembled over the course of two decades by Von Hardesty, curator in the Aeronautics Division of the National Air and Space Museum. The RAC developed as a research project linked to the publication of Hardesty's book Red Phoenix: The Rise of Soviet Air Power, 1941 -1945 (first published in 1982.)
Provenance:
Aeronautics Division / Von Hardesty, Transfer, 2006
Restrictions:
No restrictions on access.
Rights:
Material is subject to Smithsonian Terms of Use. Should you wish to use NASM material in any medium, please submit an Application for Permission to Reproduce NASM Material, available at Permissions Requests.
Topic:
Aeronautics -- Russia  Search this
Endurance flights  Search this
World War, 1939-1945 -- Aerial operations  Search this
Air pilots  Search this
Genre/Form:
Newspapers
Reports
Articles
Citation:
Russian Aeronautical Collection, ACC. 2006-0034, National Air and Space Museum, Smithsonian Institution.
Identifier:
NASM.2006.0034
See more items in:
Russian Aeronautical Collection
Archival Repository:
National Air and Space Museum Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-nasm-2006-0034
Additional Online Media:

Lee Ya-Ching Papers

Creator:
Ya-Ching, Lee  Search this
Extent:
11.9 Cubic feet (22 boxes)
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Scripts (documents)
Photographs
Maps
Scrapbooks
Date:
1938-1970
Summary:
This collection consists of 9.3 cubic feet of material chronicling Lee Ya-Ching's role as a pilot trying to raise funds for China during World War II. The collection contains the following types of material: correspondence, both official and personal; maps; 8 mm films; publications; newspapers; invitation; programs from events; lecture notes; scripts from radio shows; photographs, both official and snapshots; trip schedules and agendas; address books; scrapbooks; and official paperwork and licenses.
Scope and Content note:
This collection of materials listed in the finding aid is arranged into two series, Ms Lee's personal papers and her professional papers. Her personal papers consist mainly of correspondence and memorabilia from the 1930's through the 1960's. The primary focus of the professional papers is the years 1937 to 1945, the time which Ya-Ching was conducting her Good Will tour of the United States. The information in this section is in the form or correspondence, newspaper clippings, event pamphlets and flyers, publications, itineraries, and corporate papers. These items are arranged by material type then chronologically. No attempt was made to translate foreign language material in the collection.

There are various conservation concerns in this collection. Most of the papers were buried for a number of years prior to being donated. There are many photographs which have adhered to each other, many papers are torn with information missing and there is significant mildew damage to both paper and photographs. These items have been removed from the collection until they receive conservation treatment.
Biographical/Historical note:
Lee Ya-Ching was born in Canton, China in 1912. As an only child who lost her mother at a young age, Ya-Ching was raised by her father and grandmother. Under her father's guidance she learned many skills, including martial arts, some previously restricted to male children. Ya-Ching attended English schools in Hong Kong and Shanghai and at the age of 16 was sent to London to attend finishing school.

In 1929 at the age of 17, Ya-Ching went to Geneva, Switzerland. It is there that she took her first ride in an airplane and vowed to learn how to fly. She enrolled in Ecole Aero Club de Suisse and, in 1934, became the first woman to receive a pilot's license from the school. Determined to continue her education, Ya-Ching went to the United States and attended the Boeing School of Aeronautics in Oakland, California in 1935. In November of that year she became the first woman licensed through the Boeing School. Upon completion of her training at the Boeing school Ya-Ching returned to China and began campaigning for a Chinese pilot's license, eventually obtaining the license in 1936. Seeing a need to train new pilots, Ya-Ching and some fellow pilots opened a civilian flying school in Shanghai in 1936.

When Japan invaded China in 1937, Ya-Ching volunteered to fly for her country, but was refused. Undeterred, she served her country by establishing hospitals. Leaving Shanghai for Hong Kong just before the city fell, she was finally given the opportunity to fly for China by piloting Red Cross planes ferrying supplies from Hong Kong to Canton. Realizing that China needed aid and supplies, Ya-Ching embarked on a Goodwill Tour of the United States and Canada in 1938. When the war prevented her return to China, Ya-Ching continued the tour expanding her appearances into South America.

Not much is known of Ya-Ching's life after the war. She returned to Hong Kong for a number of years. In the 1960's she returned to California, where she died in 1998 at the age of 86.

Time Line of Lee Ya-Ching

xxxx -- The following timeline covers key events in Ya-Ching's life, as well world events. Events involving Ya-Ching are shown in normal type world events are shown in italics.

1909 -- M. Vallon flies first plane in China

1911 -- China ousts the 2000 year old Imperial System for a Republic

April 16, 1912 -- Lee Ya-Ching is born in Canton, China

1916 -- Ya-Ching's mother dies of tuberculosis

1917 -- China enters World War 1 on the side of the Allies

1926 -- Begins career as a movie actress

1928 -- Leaves the film industry and goes to school in England

1929 -- The CCP (Chinese Communist Party) is ousted from China Goes to Switzerland

September 1931 -- Japan seizes control of Manchuria

November 1931 -- CCP resurfaces in China and forms the Chinese Soviet Republic in Jiangxi Province

May 1932 -- Amelia Earhart becomes first woman to solo across the Atlantic

1933 -- Begins flying lessons at Geneva's Cointrin-Ecole d'Aviation

1934 -- Receives her pilot's license from Ecole Aéro Club de Suisse

1935 -- Attends and receives license from the Boeing School of Aeronautics in Oakland, California

1935 -- Falls out of an aerobatic plane, earning her membership in the Caterpillar Club

1936 -- Receives her pilot's license from the Chinese Government First domestic airline established in China Opens a civilian flying school in Shanghai

1937 -- Flies for the Red Cross ferrying supplies from Hong Kong to Canton Japan invades China Earns Hong Kong commercial pilot's license Helps establish hospitals in Shanghai

1938 -- Begins goodwill tour of United States and Canada

1939 -- Appears in US film Disputed Passage with Dorothy Lamour

1940 -- Flies "Estrella China" to Caribbean, Central and South America Aids Ruth Nichols in raising money for Relief Wings

1941 -- Begins working for United China Relief

December 7, 1941 -- Bombing of Pearl Harbor forces American entry into World War II

1944 -- Begins Goodwill and Fund Raising tour of South America and Caribbean

August 1945 -- Atom bombs dropped on Hiroshima and Nagasaki, followed by Japanese surrender and end of World War II

1946 -- Returns to China and retires

1946 -- Fighting between CCP and KMT (Nationalist party) resumes

October 1949 -- KMT retreats to Taiwan Mao Zedong establishes the People's Republic of China

1950 -- Receives Hong Kong private pilot's license

1963 -- Receives Hong Kong Special Purpose Pilot's license

1971 -- Permanently moves to the United States

1997 -- British rule ends in Hong Kong

January 28, 1998 -- Dies at the age of 86
Provenance:
Pax Cheng and Mary Wolfson, Gift, 2007
Restrictions:
No restrictions on access.
Topic:
World War, 1939-1945 -- Civilian relief  Search this
Aeronautics  Search this
World War, 1939-1945 -- China  Search this
Aeronautics -- Exhibitions  Search this
Women air pilots  Search this
World War, 1939-1945  Search this
Genre/Form:
Scripts (documents)
Photographs
Maps
Scrapbooks
Citation:
Lee Ya-Ching Papers, Accession 2008-0009, National Air and Space Museum, Smithsonian Institution.
Identifier:
NASM.2008.0009
See more items in:
Lee Ya-Ching Papers
Archival Repository:
National Air and Space Museum Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-nasm-2008-0009
Additional Online Media:

Publications, 1965-1999

Creator:
National Portrait Gallery (U.S.) Office of Publications  Search this
Subject:
Adams, John Quincy 1767-1848  Search this
Douglass, Frederick 1817?-1895  Search this
Franklin, Benjamin 1706-1790  Search this
Halsman, Philippe  Search this
Hamilton, Alexander 1757-1804  Search this
Hemingway, Ernest 1899-1961  Search this
Jackson, Andrew 1767-1845  Search this
Jefferson, Thomas 1743-1826  Search this
Muir, John 1838-1914  Search this
Namuth, Hans  Search this
Peale, Charles Willson 1741-1827  Search this
Peale, Rembrandt 1778-1860  Search this
Penn, Irving  Search this
Washington, George 1732-1799  Search this
West, Benjamin 1738-1820  Search this
Whistler, James McNeill 1834-1903  Search this
Wright, Joseph 1756-1793  Search this
Newman, Arnold 1918-2006  Search this
Noguchi, Isamu 1904-1988  Search this
Roosevelt, Franklin D (Franklin Delano) 1882-1945  Search this
Sully, Thomas 1783-1872  Search this
Benbridge, Henry 1743-1812  Search this
Pine, Robert Edge 1730?-1788  Search this
Roosevelt, Theodore 1858-1919  Search this
Brady, Mathew B. approximately 1823-1896  Search this
Reiss, Winold 1886-1953  Search this
Wharton, Edith 1862-1937  Search this
Pinkerton's National Detective Agency  Search this
Time, inc  Search this
A Glimmer of Their Own Beauty: Black Sounds of the Twenties (Exhibition) (1971: Washington, D.C.)  Search this
Christian Gullager: Portrait Painter of Federal America (Exhibition) (1976: Washington, D.C.)  Search this
Davy Crockett: Gentleman from the Cane (Exhibition) (1986: Washington, D.C.)  Search this
Phillipe Halsman: A Retrospective (Exhibition) (1999: Washington, D.C.)  Search this
Variations: Musicians in Caricature, 1920-1960 (Exhibition) (1984: Washington, D.C.)  Search this
Washington in the New Era 1870-1970 (Exhibition) (1972: Washington, D.C.)  Search this
1846: Portrait of the Nation (Exhibition) (1996: Washington, D.C.)  Search this
A Durable Memento: Portraits by Augustus Washington, African American Daguerreotypist (Exhibition) (1999-2000: Washington, D.C.)  Search this
Abroad in America: Visitors to the New Nation 1776-1914 (Exhibition) (1976: Washington, D.C.)  Search this
Adventurous Pursuits: Americans and the China Trade, 1784-1844 (Exhibition) (1984: Washington, D.C.)  Search this
American Colonial Portraits: 1700-1776 (Exhibition) (1987-1988: Washington, D.C.)  Search this
American Icon: The Eighteenth Century Image of George Washington in Prints and Illustrations (Exhibition) (1982: Washington, D.C.)  Search this
Arnold Newman's Americans (Exhibition) (1992: Washington, D.C.)  Search this
Art of Henry Inman (Exhibition) (1987: Washington, D.C.)  Search this
Auguste Edouart Silhouettes (Exhibition) (1977: Washington, D.C.)  Search this
Augustus Saint-Gaudens: The Portrait Reliefs (Exhibition) (1969: Washington, D.C.)  Search this
Baseball Immortals: The Photographs of Charles Martin Conlon, 1905-1935 (Exhibition) (1984: Washington, D.C.)  Search this
Benjamin West and His American Students (Exhibition) (1980: Washington, D.C.)  Search this
Black Presence in the Era of the American Revolution 1770-1800 (Exhibition) (1973: Washington, D.C.)  Search this
Blessed Are the Peacemakers (Exhibition) (1983: Washington, D.C.)  Search this
Breaking Racial Barriers: African Americans in the Harmon Foundation Collection (Exhibition) (1997: Washington, D.C.)  Search this
Cecilia Beaux and the Art of Portraiture (Exhibition) (1995: Washington, D.C.)  Search this
Celebrity Caricature in America (Exhibition) (1998: Washington, D.C.)  Search this
Champions of American Sport (Exhibition) (1981: Washington, D.C.)  Search this
Charles Willson Peale and His World (Exhibition) (1982: Washington, D.C.)  Search this
Code Duello in America (Exhibition) (1980: Washington, D.C.)  Search this
Contemporary Self-Portraits from the James Goode Collection (Exhibition) (1993: Washington, D.C.)  Search this
Edith Wharton's World: Portraits of People and Places (Exhibition) (1997: Washington, D.C.)  Search this
FDR: The Early Years (Exhibition) (1982: Washington, D.C.)  Search this
Faces of Time: Seventy-Five Years of Time Magazine Cover Portraits (Exhibition) (1998: Washington, D.C.)  Search this
Facing the Light: Historic American Portrait Daguerreotypes (Exhibition) (1978: Washington, D.C.)  Search this
Federal Profiles: Saint-Memin in America, 1793-1814 (Exhibition) (1994: Washington, D.C.)  Search this
First Federal Congress, 1789-1791 (Exhibition) (1989: Washington, D.C.)  Search this
Franklin & His Friends: Portraying the Man of Science in Eighteenth Century America (Exhibition) (1999: Washington, D.C.)  Search this
Gaston Lachaise: Portrait Sculpture (Exhibition) (1985: Washington, D.C.)  Search this
George C. Marshall: Soldier of Peace (Exhibition) (1997-1998: Washington, D.C.)  Search this
George and Martha Washington: Portraits from the Presidential Years (Exhibition) (1999: Washington, D.C.)  Search this
Godlike Black Dan: Daniel Webster (Exhibition) (1982: Washington, D.C.)  Search this
Great Crash (Exhibition) (1979: Washington, D.C.)  Search this
Henry Benbridge: American Portrait Painter (Exhibition) (1971: Washington, D.C.)  Search this
If Elected . . . Unsuccessful Candidates for the Presidency 1797-1968 (Exhibition) (1972: Washington, D.C.)  Search this
In Pursuit of Fame: Rembrandt Peale, 1778-1860 (Exhibition) (1992-1993: Washington, D.C.)  Search this
In Pursuit of the Butterfly: Portraits of James McNeill Whistler (Exhibition) (1995: Washington, D.C.)  Search this
In the Minds and Hearts of the People: Prologue to the American Revolution,1760-1794 (Exhibition) (1974: Washington, D.C.)  Search this
Irving Penn Master Images (Exhibition) (1989: Washington, D.C.)  Search this
Isamu Noguchi Portrait Sculpture (Exhibition) (1989: Washington, D.C.)  Search this
James Barton Longacre: A Nineteenth Century Gallery of Distringuished Americans (Exhibition) (1969: Washington, D.C.)  Search this
James Weldon Johnson (Exhibition) (1970: Washington, D.C.)  Search this
Jo Davidson Portrait Sculpture (Exhibition) (1978: Washington, D.C.)  Search this
John Franzee, Sculptor (Exhibition) (1986: Washington, D.C.)  Search this
John Muir (Exhibition) (1970: Washington, D.C.)  Search this
Joseph Wright, American Artist, 1756-1793 (Exhibition) (1985: Washington, D.C.)  Search this
Lazzaroni: Science & Scientists in Mid-19th Century America (Exhibition) (1972: Washington, D.C.)  Search this
Magical Mixtures: Marisol Portrait Sculpture (Exhibition) (1991: Washington, D.C.)  Search this
Majestic in His Wrath: The Life of Frederick Douglass (Exhibition) (1995: Washington, D.C.)  Search this
Masterpieces from Gripsholm Castle: The Swedish National Portrait Collection (Exhibition) (1988: Washington, D.C.)  Search this
Masterpieces from Versailles: Three Centuries of French Portraiture (Exhibition) (1983: Washington, D.C.)  Search this
Mathew Brady's Portraits: Images as History, Photography as Art (Exhibition) (1997: Washington, D.C.)  Search this
Miguel Covarrubias Caricatures (Exhibition) (1984: Washington, D.C.)  Search this
Mr. Sully, Portrait Painter: The Works of Thomas Sully (1783-1872) (Exhibition) (1983: Washington, D.C.)  Search this
Noble Heritage: Five Centuries of Portraiture from the Hosokawa Family (Exhibition) (1992: Washington, D.C.)  Search this
Old Hickory: A Life Sketch of Andrew Jackson (Exhibition) (1991: Washington, D.C.)  Search this
On the Air: Pioneers of American Broadcasting (Exhibition) (1988: Washington, D.C.)  Search this
Peace and Friendship: Indian Peace Medals in the United States (Exhibition) (1985: Washington, D.C.)  Search this
Picturing Hemingway: A Writer in His Time (Exhibition) (1999-2000: Washington, D.C.)  Search this
Portraits by George Bellows (Exhibition) (1981-1982: Washington, D.C.)  Search this
Portraits from the New Deal (Exhibition) (1983: Washington, D.C.)  Search this
Portraits from The Americans: The Democratic Experience (Exhibition) (1975: Washington, D.C.)  Search this
Portraits from the American Academy and Institute of Arts and Letters (Exhibition) (1987: Washington, D.C.)  Search this
Portraits of the American Stage 1771-1971 (Exhibition) (1971: Washington, D.C.)  Search this
Portraits of the American Law (Exhibition) (1989-1990: Washington, D.C.)  Search this
President Monroe's Message (Exhibition) (1973: Washington, D.C.)  Search this
President's Medals 1789-1977 (Exhibition) (1977: Washington, D.C.)  Search this
Rebels: Painters and Poets of the 1950s (Exhibition) (1996: Washington, D.C.)  Search this
Red, Hot, and Blue: A Salute to American Musicals (Exhibition) (1996-1997: Washington, D.C.)  Search this
Reporting the War: The Journalistic Coverage of World War II (Exhibition) (1994: Washington, D.C.)  Search this
Return to Albion: Americans in England 1776-1940 (Exhibition) (1979: Washington, D.C.)  Search this
Revisiting the White City: American Art at the 1893 World's Fair (Exhibition) (1993: Washington, D.C.)  Search this
Robert Edge Pine: A British Portrait Painter in America (Exhibition) (1979: Washington, D.C.)  Search this
Robert Cornelius: Portraits from the Dawn of Photography (Exhibition) (1983: Washington, D.C.)  Search this
Spirit of the Party: Hamilton and Jefferson at Odds (Exhibition) (1992: Washington, D.C.)  Search this
The Dye is Now Cast: The Road to the American Independence (Exhibition) (1975: Washington, D.C.)  Search this
The Life Portraits of John Quincy Adams (Exhibition) (1970: Washington, D.C.)  Search this
Then and Now: American Portraits from the Past Century (Exhibition) (1987: Sapporo, Japan)  Search this
Theodore Roosevelt: Icon of the American Century (Exhibition) (1998: Washington, D.C.)  Search this
This New Man: A Discourse in Portraits (Exhibition) (1968: Washington, D.C.)  Search this
Time: Man of the Year (Exhibition) (1987: Washington, D.C.)  Search this
To Color America: Portraits by Winold Reiss (Exhibition) (1989: Washington, D.C.)  Search this
To the President: Folk Portraits by the People (Exhibition) (1993: Washington, D.C.)  Search this
Truthful Likeness: Chester Harding and His Portraits (Exhibition) (1985: Washington, D.C.)  Search this
U.S. Grant: The Man and the Image (Exhibition) (1985: Washington, D.C.)  Search this
VanDerZee, Photographer (1886-1983) (Exhibition) (1993-1994: Washington, D.C.)  Search this
We Never Sleep: The First Fifty Years of the Pinkertons (Exhibition) (1981: Washington, D.C.)  Search this
Wedgewood Portraits of the American Revolution (Exhibition) (1976: Washington, D.C.)  Search this
William Edward West, 1788-1857: Kentucky Painter (Exhibition) (1985: Washington, D.C.)  Search this
Physical description:
6 cu. ft. (6 record storage boxes)
Type:
Books
Collection descriptions
Brochures
Pamphlets
Exhibition catalogs
Place:
United States
Date:
1965
1965-1999
Topic:
Art museums  Search this
Exhibitions  Search this
Presidents  Search this
Radio  Search this
Silhouettes  Search this
War correspondents  Search this
World War, 1939-1945  Search this
Local number:
SIA Acc. 01-011
See more items in:
Publications 1965-1999 [National Portrait Gallery (U.S.) Office of Publications]
Data Source:
Smithsonian Institution Archives
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_arc_304097

Traveling Exhibition Records, 1971, 1977-1978, 1987-1988, 1995-2007

Creator:
National Museum of the American Indian (U.S.) Community and Constituent Services Department Professional Outreach  Search this
Subject:
Horse Capture, George P  Search this
Jones, Tim  Search this
Krile, Katherine  Search this
Lewis, Keevin  Search this
Smithsonian Institution Traveling Exhibition Service  Search this
Native Words, Native Warriors (Traveling exhibition) (2006-2011)  Search this
Physical description:
6 cu. ft. (6 record storage boxes)
Type:
Brochures
Collection descriptions
Exhibitions
Clippings
Manuscripts
Newsletters
Pamphlets
Compact discs
Floppy disks
Black-and-white negatives
Color negatives
Color photographs
Audiotapes
Videotapes
Videodiscs
Black-and-white photographs
Date:
1977
1977-1978
1971, 1977-1978, 1987-1988, 1995-2007
Topic:
Indian code talkers  Search this
Indians of North America  Search this
Indians of North America--Museums  Search this
Museums--Public relations  Search this
Traveling exhibitions  Search this
World War, 1914-1918--Cryptography  Search this
World War, 1914-1918  Search this
World War, 1939-1945--Cryptography  Search this
World War, 1939-1945  Search this
Local number:
SIA Acc. 09-243
Restrictions & Rights:
Restricted for 15 years, until Jan-01-2023; Transferring office; 06/29/2009 memorandum, Toda to Pahn; Contact reference staff for details
See more items in:
Traveling Exhibition Records 1971, 1977-1978, 1987-1988, 1995-2007 [National Museum of the American Indian (U.S.) Community and Constituent Services Department Professional Outreach]
Data Source:
Smithsonian Institution Archives
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_arc_283138

War Storage Records, 1941-1942

Creator:
Freer Gallery of Art Office of the Director  Search this
Subject:
Lodge, John Ellerton 1876-1942  Search this
Freer Gallery of Art  Search this
United States National Resources Planning Board Committee on Conservation of Cultural Resources  Search this
Physical description:
.25 cu. ft. unprocessed holdings
Type:
Manuscripts
Pamphlets
Architectural drawings
Date:
1941
1941-1942
Topic:
Art museums  Search this
World War, 1939-1945  Search this
Local number:
SIA RS01053
See more items in:
War Storage Records 1941-1942 [Freer Gallery of Art Office of the Director]
Data Source:
Smithsonian Institution Archives
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_arc_228117

Program for The Negro Soldier

Distributed by:
United States Department of War, American, 1789 - 1947  Search this
Produced by:
Frank Capra, American, 1897 - 1991  Search this
Subject of:
Unidentified Man or Men  Search this
Medium:
ink on paper (fiber product)
Dimensions:
H x W: 13 5/8 × 10 1/2 in. (34.6 × 26.7 cm)
Type:
programs
Place used:
United States, North and Central America
Date:
1944
Topic:
African American  Search this
Military  Search this
Race films  Search this
Segregation  Search this
World War II  Search this
Credit Line:
Collection of the Smithsonian National Museum of African American History and Culture
Object number:
2013.118.266
Restrictions & Rights:
Public domain
See more items in:
National Museum of African American History and Culture Collection
Classification:
Memorabilia and Ephemera-Advertisements
Data Source:
National Museum of African American History and Culture
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:nmaahc_2013.118.266
Additional Online Media:

Lift Every Voice - For Victory

Published by:
New Age Publishers, American  Search this
Written by:
Claudia Jones, American, 1915 - 1964  Search this
Medium:
ink on paper
Dimensions:
H x W: 7 11/16 x 5 5/16 in. (19.5 x 13.5 cm)
Type:
pamphlets
Date:
1942
Topic:
African American  Search this
Mass media  Search this
Military  Search this
Politics (Practical)  Search this
United States--History--1933-1945  Search this
World War II  Search this
Credit Line:
Collection of the Smithsonian National Museum of African American History and Culture, Gift of the family of Dr. Maurice Jackson and Laura Ginsburg
Object number:
2010.55.7
Restrictions & Rights:
No Known Copyright Restrictions
See more items in:
National Museum of African American History and Culture Collection
Classification:
Memorabilia and Ephemera-Political and Activist Ephemera
Data Source:
National Museum of African American History and Culture
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:nmaahc_2010.55.7
Additional Online Media:

Public Affairs Pamphlets No. 71: The Negro and the War

Published by:
Public Affairs Council, Inc., American  Search this
Written by:
Earl Brown, American  Search this
George R. Leighton, American  Search this
Medium:
ink on paper
Dimensions:
H x W: 8 5/16 x 5 5/16 in. (21.1 x 13.5 cm)
Type:
pamphlets
Date:
1942
Topic:
African American  Search this
Mass media  Search this
Politics (Practical)  Search this
World War II  Search this
Credit Line:
Collection of the Smithsonian National Museum of African American History and Culture, Gift of the family of Dr. Maurice Jackson and Laura Ginsburg
Object number:
2010.55.77
Restrictions & Rights:
No Known Copyright Restrictions
See more items in:
National Museum of African American History and Culture Collection
Classification:
Documents and Published Materials-Published Works
Data Source:
National Museum of African American History and Culture
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:nmaahc_2010.55.77

Is Japan the Champion of the Colored Races?

Published by:
Workers Library Publishers, Inc., American, founded 1930  Search this
Written by:
Theodore Bassett  Search this
A. W. Berry  Search this
Cyril Briggs, Nevisian, 1888 - 1966  Search this
James W. Ford, American, 1893 - 1957  Search this
Harry Haywood, American, 1898 - 1985  Search this
Subject of:
Harlem Section of the Communist Party, American  Search this
Medium:
ink on paper
Dimensions:
H x W: 7 11/16 x 5 1/8 in. (19.5 x 13 cm)
Type:
pamphlets
Place depicted:
Japan, Asia
China, Asia
Rome, Italy, Europe
Berlin, Germany, Europe
Date:
1938
Topic:
African American  Search this
International affairs  Search this
Mass media  Search this
Political organizations  Search this
Politics (Practical)  Search this
Professional organizations  Search this
World War II  Search this
Credit Line:
Collection of the Smithsonian National Museum of African American History and Culture, Gift of the family of Dr. Maurice Jackson and Laura Ginsburg
Object number:
2010.55.9
Restrictions & Rights:
No Known Copyright Restrictions
See more items in:
National Museum of African American History and Culture Collection
Classification:
Documents and Published Materials-Published Works
Memorabilia and Ephemera-Political and Activist Ephemera
Data Source:
National Museum of African American History and Culture
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:nmaahc_2010.55.9

Jim Crow in Uniform

Published by:
New Age Publishers, American  Search this
Written by:
Claudia Jones, American, 1915 - 1964  Search this
Medium:
ink on paper
Dimensions:
H x W: 7 11/16 x 5 1/8 in. (19.5 x 13 cm)
Type:
pamphlets
Date:
1940
Topic:
African American  Search this
Civil Rights  Search this
Mass media  Search this
Military  Search this
Politics (Practical)  Search this
World War II  Search this
Credit Line:
Collection of the Smithsonian National Museum of African American History and Culture, Gift of the family of Dr. Maurice Jackson and Laura Ginsburg
Object number:
2010.55.1
Restrictions & Rights:
No Known Copyright Restrictions
See more items in:
National Museum of African American History and Culture Collection
Classification:
Memorabilia and Ephemera-Political and Activist Ephemera
Data Source:
National Museum of African American History and Culture
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:nmaahc_2010.55.1
Additional Online Media:

The War and the Negro People

Published by:
Workers Library Publishers, Inc., American, founded 1930  Search this
Written by:
James W. Ford, American, 1893 - 1957  Search this
Medium:
ink on paper
Dimensions:
H x W: 7 7/8 x 5 1/8 in. (20 x 13 cm)
Type:
pamphlets
Date:
1942
Topic:
African American  Search this
International affairs  Search this
Mass media  Search this
Politics (Practical)  Search this
World War II  Search this
Credit Line:
Collection of the Smithsonian National Museum of African American History and Culture, Gift of the family of Dr. Maurice Jackson and Laura Ginsburg
Object number:
2010.55.15
Restrictions & Rights:
No Known Copyright Restrictions
See more items in:
National Museum of African American History and Culture Collection
Classification:
Documents and Published Materials-Published Works
Memorabilia and Ephemera-Political and Activist Ephemera
Data Source:
National Museum of African American History and Culture
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:nmaahc_2010.55.15
Additional Online Media:

A Negro Looks at War

Published by:
Workers Library Publishers, Inc., American, founded 1930  Search this
Written by:
John Henry Williams  Search this
Medium:
ink on paper
Dimensions:
H x W: 7 7/8 x 5 1/8 in. (20 x 13 cm)
Type:
pamphlets
Date:
1940
Topic:
African American  Search this
International affairs  Search this
Mass media  Search this
Politics (Practical)  Search this
World War II  Search this
Credit Line:
Collection of the Smithsonian National Museum of African American History and Culture, Gift of the family of Dr. Maurice Jackson and Laura Ginsburg
Object number:
2010.55.16
Restrictions & Rights:
No Known Copyright Restrictions
See more items in:
National Museum of African American History and Culture Collection
Classification:
Documents and Published Materials-Published Works
Memorabilia and Ephemera-Political and Activist Ephemera
Data Source:
National Museum of African American History and Culture
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:nmaahc_2010.55.16

Wives or Widows?

Published by:
American Peace Mobilization, American, founded 1940  Search this
Written by:
Katherine Beecher, American  Search this
Subject of:
American Peace Mobilization, American, founded 1940  Search this
Medium:
ink on paper
Dimensions:
H x W: 7 1/2 x 5 1/2 in. (19 x 14 cm)
Type:
pamphlets
Date:
1940s
Topic:
African American  Search this
Families  Search this
International affairs  Search this
Mass media  Search this
Political organizations  Search this
Politics (Practical)  Search this
Women  Search this
World War II  Search this
Credit Line:
Collection of the Smithsonian National Museum of African American History and Culture, Gift of the family of Dr. Maurice Jackson and Laura Ginsburg
Object number:
2010.55.40
Restrictions & Rights:
No Known Copyright Restrictions
See more items in:
National Museum of African American History and Culture Collection
Classification:
Documents and Published Materials-Published Works
Memorabilia and Ephemera-Political and Activist Ephemera
Data Source:
National Museum of African American History and Culture
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:nmaahc_2010.55.40

Brannock Device Company Records

Creator:
Park-Brannock.  Search this
Park, Ernest N.  Search this
Brannock, Otis C.  Search this
Brannock, Charles F., 1903-1992  Search this
Brannock Device Company.  Search this
Names:
Selby Shoe Company  Search this
United States. Armed Forces -- Supplies and stores  Search this
United States. Army -- Supplies and stores  Search this
Extent:
12 Cubic feet (34 boxes)
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Patents
Trademarks
Slides (photographs)
Advertisements
Sales records
Photographs
Photographic prints
Filmstrips
Design drawings
Date:
1925 - 1998
Summary:
The Brannock Device Company began with the 1925 invention of the Brannock Device, a tool to measure foot length and width at the same time, by inventor and businessman Charles F. Brannock. Early in his career Brannock worked as a shoe salesman at the Park-Brannock shoe store, and in 1962 he became the CEO of the company. This collection documents both the Park-Brannock store and the Brannock Device. Materials in The Brannock Device Company Records, 1925-1998, include of correspondence, design drawings, United States and foreign patents and trademarks, advertisements, product information, sales records, photographs, and a film strip documenting the invention, promotion, and sale of the Brannock Device as well as the concurrent development of Park-Brannock as a leading shoe store in Syracuse, N.Y.
Scope and Contents:
The Brannock Device Company Records, 1925-1998, consist of correspondence, design drawings, United States and foreign patents and trademarks, advertisements, product information, sales records, photographs, and a film strip documenting the invention, promotion, and sale of the Brannock Device as well as the concurrent development of Park-Brannock as a leading shoe store in Syracuse, NY. The collection is useful to researchers for its stories of invention and entrepreneurship and its exemplification of the patent and trademark process in the United States and internationally in the early 20th century. The process of manufacturing and marketing in the shoe industry, and manufacturing of military supplies during World War II is also highlighted.

The collection is divided into two subgroups: The Brannock Device Company Records and Park-Brannock Shoe Store Records. The Brannock Device Company subgroup is arranged into six series: Series 1: Historical Background, 1928-1995; Series 2: Operational Records, 1926-1963; Series 3: Product Development Records, 1925-1981; Series 4: Advertising and Marketing Records, 1926-1980, 1998; Series 5: Sales and Distribution Records, 1925-1996; and Series 6: Photographs, circa 1930-1997. The Park-Brannock subgroup is similarly arranged into five series: Series 1: Historical Background, 1936-1963, 1981; Series 2: Operational Records, 1936-1972; Series 3: Advertising and Marketing Records, 1933-1962; Series 4: Sales Records, 1916-1918, 1927-1961; and Series 5: Photographs, 1934-1967.

Subgroup 1: The Brannock Device Company, 1925-1998

Series 1: Historical Background, 1928-1995

This series contains articles about Charles Brannock, the Brannock Device, the device in the military, and shoe-fitting in general. The series provides an understanding of the company and the shoe industry as shown both through trade magazines, popular magazines, and newspapers.

Series 2: Operational Records, 1926-1963

This series contains bookkeeping, correspondence, census, insurance, and financial records which account for the company as a whole. It is organized into seven subseries: Book for recording devices on hand, November 1927-January 1929; Correspondence, 1926-1951; Census, 1947-1963, 1980; Insurance Inventory, 1956; Royalties Accrued, January 1946-March 1951; Time Records, 1952, 1954, 1958; and Notes, undated.

The correspondence between Charles and Otis Brannock reflects the strong business relationship which existed between father and son. Charles Brannock put Florence Williams in charge when he was vacationing each July from 1928 to 1931. The often humorous correspondence between them reflects daily business at the factory. Correspondence with Dr. Joseph Levyfield, chairman of the National Foot Health Council, pertains to children's foot exams in schools. For sales analyses of the Brannock Device, see Series 5: Sales and Distribution Records, United States--Private Sector, Direct Sales, under Sales analyses, 1964-1973.

Series 3: Product Development Records, 1925-1981

This series documents the process from invention to manufacture of the Brannock Device. It is divided into four subseries: Competitors' Devices and Other Products, Fitting Stool, Design, and Manufacture. Patents and Trademarks are included in the Sales and Distribution series because they were granted after sale of the device had already commenced and the foreign patents and trademarks are intricately linked to foreign sales.

The Competitors' Devices and Other Products subseries is further refined: Competitors' Devices; Other Products; Correspondence, 1928-1981, and Memos and Reports, n.d. The subseries provides documentation on the other devices Brannock considered while designing and making modifications to his own device. It also includes sale or manufacture negotiations for other inventors' products. Most of these devices were designed later than the Brannock Device and had attributes of the Brannock Device. Charles Brannock liked to keep abreast of new developments in order to protect his own interests.

The Fitting Stool subseries is a product development file on the fitting stool Charles Brannock designed to accommodate his device which enabled salesmen to measure the foot while seated instead of kneeling or squatting. It consists of design drawings and correspondence with American Fixture and Showcase Manufacturing Company, Thonet, and Commonwealth Shoe and Leather Company about negotiating its manufacture.

The Design subseries is further divided: Drawings and Ideas; Specifications; Correspondence, 1935-1975; Customer Comments; and Case of Child Cutting Finger on Device, July 1961-January 1962. The drawings and ideas are rough sketches done by Charles Brannock. The specifications include descriptions of materials used and assembly instructions. They were shipped with military orders for devices and are included in the text of patent applications. The design correspondence consists of actual and proposed modifications to the device. Of particular interest are the unsolicited modification proposals the company received. Customer comments were always appreciated and taken into account in the design process from 1946-1961. The case file of a child cutting her finger on a device resulted in a legal settlement in 1962.

The manufacture subseries contains correspondence with, and pamphlets about, companies that manufactured the device. Of particular interest are the Brannock Device Company's investigation into making plastic devices due to the shortage of aluminum in World War II, as outlined in the correspondence with the Eclipse Moulded Products Company. Also, a number of sample shoe company name plates and instruction plates which were screwed into free sections of the device are in this subseries.

Series 4: Advertising and marketing Records, 1926-1980, 1998

This series contains records from the company which contributed toward the goal of making a sale. It is divided into seven subseries: Correspondence, 1926-1974, 1998; Mailing Lists, 1947-1949; Ideas and Copy; Materials Printed with the Brannock Device Name; Advertisements and Product Information, 1934-1980; Measuring Device Instructions; and Advertising and Merchandising Plans, 1938, 1956, and undated.

The Correspondence, 1926-1974, 1998, contains letters between Brannock and various advertising agencies, printers, and magazines.

The Mailing Lists, 1947-1949, are partial listings of stores Brannock sent advertisements to.

The Ideas and Copy subseries consists of advertising ideas sketched by Brannock or proposed by the Proctor and Collier advertising agency or others. Also included are preliminary versions of advertisements and product information booklets.

Printed Materials with the Brannock Device Name, provides examples of stationery, business cards, and leases seen by potential customers.

The Advertisements and Product Information, 1934-1980, subseries contains various advertisements which appeared in magazines, newspapers, and displays, and product information leaflets which were mailed to customers. Also represented are advertisements by shoe stores which feature the Brannock Device and examples of the Brannock Device being used to advertise other products such as insurance, apartments, magazines, carpets, floorings, and die castings.

The Instructions subseries contains: Ideas and Copy, and Completed Instructions. Ideas and Copy are preliminary versions of the instruction sheets of individual models, including the Bran-X-Stick and a Sock-Measuring Device. The Completed Instructions are finished copies of the instruction sheets of many models.

The Advertising and Merchandising Plans, 1938, 1956, n.d. subseries contains information on three promotional schemes employed by the company: an early advertising plan, a Brannock Device Company merchandising campaign in 1938, and a cooperative effort with Miles Shoes in 1956.

Series 5: Sales and Distribution Records, 1925-1986

The largest series in the collection, the sales and distribution series documents Brannock's sales, partnerships he entered into, and the legal measures he took to ensure his company's success. The series is divided into three subseries: United States--Private Sector, United States--Military, and Foreign.

The United States--Private Sector subseries is further divided: Patents and Trademarks, 1928-1971; Direct Sales, 1926-1973; Salesmen Files, 1925-1935; and Shoe Fairs, 1938-1968.

The Patents and Trademarks, 1928-1971, contains patent and trademark certificates; correspondence with Brannock's lawyer, Theodore E. Simonton, and others in reference to obtaining patents and trademarks; and sales inquiries from those wishing to buy Brannock's patents.

The Direct Sales, 1926-1973, contains customer information and form letters; rental contracts, 1926-1927; customer correspondence, 1927-1989; customer service endeavors, and sales figures.

Arranged alphabetically, the Salesmen Files, 1925-1935 document the enthusiasm for the device experienced by shoe store owners across the country as they inquired about selling it followed by their disappointment with commission percentages and the fact that large shoe companies were getting the device at a discount and distributing it among their affiliates, and therefore not buying from salesmen.

The Shoe Fairs, 1938-1968, contains trade literature, visitation reports, and correspondence from Charles Brannock and his employees while attending the National Shoe Fair and the National Safety Congress and Exposition in Chicago from 1938 to 1968. It is organized chronologically by event. The information learned at the fairs was also useful in keeping abreast of the latest in shoe fashion for the Park-Brannock store.

The United States--Military, 1928-1972 subseries contains correspondence, contracts, and orders relating to the sale of the Brannock Device to the military. The subseries is arranged into seven smaller series: Army, 1939-1962; Coast Guard, 1932-1945; Marine Corps, 1943-1956; Merchant Marine, July 1944-August 1944; Navy, 1928-1970; Women's Army Corps, 1942-1944; and Miscellaneous Military Branches, undated. Arrangement within each smaller series is chronological.

Additional documentation on the Brannock Device in the military are in the following series: articles can be found in the Historical Background series; competitors' designs, drawings, specifications, and materials employed to make military devices are in the Product Development series; instructions and military-theme ads are in the Advertising and Marketing series, and photographs of military fittings and military devices are located in the photographs series.

The Foreign, 1937-1986, subseries documents the complex legal relationship between the Brannock Device Company, the Selby Shoe Company, the Brannock Device Company's lawyer, Theodore E. Simonton, and others as the companies strove for protection and distribution of the Brannock Device in foreign countries. It is arranged into five smaller series: Foreign Trademark Listings; Correspondence about Patents, Trademarks, and Distribution, 1928-1986; Patents and Trademarks; London Speech about Shoe-Fitting and the Company History; and Film Strip.

The foreign trademark listings were compiled periodically by the Brannock Device Company to keep track of their patents and trademarks. The correspondence is arranged chronologically. The actual patent and trademark certificates are arranged by country, and some folders also contain accompanying correspondence. This series does not contain all patents and trademarks issued to protect the Brannock Device internationally; some of the trademarks listed in the container list are renewals and therefore would not be the date of first issue. The London speech is a file of notes Charles Brannock used when giving a speech on his company's history and success in London, England. The sound-slide, instructional film strip is entitled "The Key to Repeat Sales." This series contains a transcript with a frame-by-frame description of each slide and accompanying narration.

Series 6: Photographs, circa 1930-1997

This series is divided into five subseries: Personal; Foot-Measuring Devices; Military; Employees and the Factory, 1949, 1997; and Negatives of Brannock Device, 1933-1958. The series contains black and white photos of Charles and Otis Brannock, competitors' devices, the Brannock device in window displays as well as in use and alone, the Women's Army Corps and various military men being fitted, employees, and the factory. There are also color photos, circa 1997, of the employees, the factory, and devices. Black and white, labeled negatives, 1933-1958, are also included here.

Subgroup 2: Park-Brannock Shoe Store Records, 1916-1918, 1927-1981

Series 1: Historical Background, 1936-1963, 1981

Newspaper and magazine articles about Park-Brannock anniversaries, moves into new stores, and the 1981 closing dominate this series. These articles are useful in understanding the rise of Park-Brannock as a leading shoe and accessory retailer. Photo-laden articles put the industrial design-influenced decor of each store into context.

Series 2: Operational Records, 1936-1972

This series is arranged into six subseries: Financial Materials, 1936-1972; Memos, December 1937-April 1944, January 1949, May 1958-May 1961; Business Course Tailored to Park-Brannock, undated; Store Planning, 1935-1961; New York City Business Trips, January 1949-August 1952; and Miscellaneous Notes, undated.

The Financial Materials, 1936-1972 subseries contains all available financial information for Park-Brannock. It is arranged into five smaller series: Correspondence, May 1937-December 1972; Annual Reports, 1945-1972; Department Sales Figures, 1957-1961; Merchandise Budget, August 1939-January 1941; and Miscellaneous Reports, 1936-1944.

The Memos, December 1937-April 1944, January 1949, May 1958-May 1961 subseries contains a limited amount of general internal correspondence. For correspondence between Charles and Otis Brannock, see the Operational Records series of subgroup 1, the Brannock Device Company. For other internal correspondence, see the correspondence with Alice Buxton in the Advertising and Marketing Records series in subgroup 2, Park-Brannock.

The Business course Tailored to Park-Brannock, undated is a file on how to be successful in the shoe business with advice specifically for Park-Brannock. The author is unknown, but it appears to be a commissioned service.

The Store Planning, 1935-1961 subseries contains architectural drawings for a proposed but not undertaken renovation of the original Park-Brannock building in 1935, and files containing store planning advertisements and correspondence used in the moves to new stores in 1937 and 1946.

The New York City Business Trips, January 1949-August 1952 subseries consists of a chronological file of notes taken by Charles Brannock on business accounts during trips to New York City.

The Miscellaneous Notes, undated, subseries contains various notes made by Charles Brannock.

Series 3: Advertising and Marketing, 1933-1962

Like the Advertising and Marketing Records series in the Brannock Device Company subgroup, this series contains records from the company which contributed toward the goal of making a sale. Correspondence documents the arrangements made by the company to create and post advertisements. Ideas and copy display early moments of this process. Materials printed with the Park-Brannock logo represent what the customers were given to remember their purchases: stationery, receipts, gift cards, bags, and box designs. Printed advertisements, radio advertisements, and form letters brought customers into the store. The Junior League of Syracuse file documents photographic advertising campaigns surrounding this group of fresh-faced young girls, as well as Park-Brannock's efforts to edge into this consumer group with advertisements in their newsletter. Correspondence with and reports from Alice Buxton have to do with her visits with doctors and nurses to promote the store along with evaluations of the company's advertising campaigns. The "Betsey Budget" lawsuit resulted from Park-Brannock copyrighting a commissioned advertising booklet which the artist would rather have had in her own name.

Series 4: Sales Records, 1916-1961

This series is arranged into seven subseries: Customer Correspondence, 1928-1944; Supplier Correspondence, 1927-1944; Florsheim Sales Instruction Manual; Inventories, 1961; Promotions; Receipts, 1916-1918; and Sales Floor Management.

The customer and supplier correspondence consists of mail orders, returns, and repair requests. An interesting aspect of the customer correspondence is the amount of shoe orders customers placed through the mail. Customers often received several pairs of shoes matching their descriptions, selected a pair, and mailed the remainder back to Park-Brannock. Sometimes customers would send in an outline of their foot to be sized or color swatches to match the shoes to a dress. Often the purchasing negotiations would require several letters between store and customer. The most prominent shoe supplier to correspond with Park-Brannock was the Selby Shoe Company, followed by Brown Shoe Company; Marshall, Meadows, and Stewart, Inc.; and LaValle, Inc.

Series 5: Photographs, 1932-1967

This series contains labeled, black and white, 8" x 10" photographs from each of the three stores as well as a booklet celebrating Park-Brannock's 50th anniversary in 1956, window displays from Park-Brannock and other stores, and labeled 8" x10" negatives.
Arrangement:
The collection is divided into two subgroups.

Subgroup 1, The Brannock Device Company, 1925-1998

Series 1: Historical Background, 1928-1995

Series 2: Operational Records, 1926-1980

Subseries 1: Book for Recording Devices on Hand, 1927-1929

Subseries 2: Correspondence, 1926-1951

Subseries 3: Census, 1947-1980

Subseries 4: Insurance Inventory, 1956

Subseries 5: Royalties Accrued, 1946-1951

Subseries 6: Time Records, 1952-1958

Subseries 7: Notes, undated

Series 3: Product Development Records, 1925-1981

Subseries 1: Competitors' Devices and Other Products, c. 1928-1981

Subseries 2: Fitting Stool, 1936-1947

Subseries 3: Design, 1925-1975

Subseries 4: Manufacture, 1927-1959

Series 4: Advertising and Marketing Records, 1926-1998

Subseries 1: Correspondence, 1926-1998

Subseries 2: Mailing Lists, 1947-1950

Subseries 3: Ideas and Copy, undated

Subseries 4: Printed Materials with the Brannock Device Name (stationery, business cards, leases), undated

Subseries 5: Advertisements and Product Information, 1934-1980

Subseries 6: Measuring Device Instructions, undated

Subseries 7: Advertising and Merchandising Plans, 1938-1956

Series 5: Sales and Distribution Records, 1925-1986

Subseries 1: United States--Private Sector, 1925-1973

Subseries 2: United States--Military, 1928-1972

Subseries 3: Foreign, 1937-1986

Series 6: Photographs, c. 1930-1997

Subseries 1: Personal, undated

Subseries 2: Foot-Measuring Devices, undated

Subseries 3: Military, undated

Subseries 4: Employees and Factory, undated

Subseries 5: Negatives of Brannock Device, 1933-1958

Subgroup 2, Park-Brannock Shoe Store Records, 1916-1918, 1927-1981

Series 1: Historical Background, 1936-1981

Series 2: Operational Records, 1936-1972

Subseries 1: Financial Materials, 1936-1972

Subseries 2: Financial Materials, 1937-1961

Subseries 3: Business Course Tailored to Park-Brannock, undated

Subseries 4: Business Course Tailored to Park-Brannock, 1935-1961

Subseries 5: New York City Business Trips, 1945-1952

Subseries 6: Miscellaneous Notes, undated

Series 3: Advertising and Marketing Records, 1933-1962

Series 4: Sales Records, 1916-1977

Subseries 1: Customer Correspondence, 1928-1977

Subseries 2: Supplier Correspondence, 1927-1944

Subseries 3: Florsheim Sales Instruction Manual, undated

Subseries 4: Inventories, 1961

Subseries 5: Promotions, undated

Subseries 6: Receipts, 1916-1918

Subseries 7: Sales Floor Management, undated

Series 5: Photographs, 1932-1967
Biographical / Historical:
The Brannock Device Company began with the 1925 invention of the Brannock Device by Charles F. Brannock. Charles Brannock was working as a salesman in the Park-Brannock shoe store, co-owned by his father Otis C. Brannock and Ernest N. Park, in Syracuse, New York when he saw the need for an improved foot-measuring device. The Brannock Device soon gained favor over size-sticks because it measured foot length and width at the same time. Additionally, it measured heel-to-ball length, a feature which aided in fitting heeled shoes.

Charles F. Brannock (1903-1992) was an inventor and businessman. He began tinkering with the idea of a new foot-measuring device while attending Syracuse University, where he would get up in the middle of the night and work on sketches and calculations. Brannock obtained a patent for the device on August 28, 1928, but by then manufacture and sale of the device was already underway. Brannock assembled the device in the Park-Brannock shoe store and gave the device a trial on the sales floor. In 1926, Charles Brannock began offering the device to shoe retailers first on a rental basis and then by sale through the use of salesmen who lived throughout the country and each covered a geographic area. By 1929, the company began to phase out salesmen because it offered quantity discounts to shoe companies which distributed the devices to their stores at a lower price than salesmen could offer.

Brannock sold his device internationally beginning in 1929 through Mr. I. Singer of London, England. In 1936 distribution rights transferred to Henry Maitland Marler of Feature Shoes Limited of London, an affiliate of the Selby Shoe Company. Renewing and protecting foreign trademarks proved to be a legal challenge. Due to some confusion, Brannock's British patent was allowed to lapse. In order to prevent other companies from using the Brannock name in England, H.M. Marler set up Brannock Fitting Device Limited in October 1937. The company began manufacturing Brannock Devices in January 1946, but royalties accrued through European sale by 1951 did not even cover a third of the cost of trademarks, patents, and designs.

Fortunately for the Brannock Device Company, these costs were absorbed by the Selby Shoe Company, with whom it had entered into agreements about foreign distribution in November 1941. Selby had exclusive rights to distribute the Brannock Device in South America, South Africa, and other countries, and assisted Brannock in securing trademarks in many foreign countries.

In 1933 a United States Navy captain asked a shoe salesman to find the source of many sailors' foot problems. The salesman, after measuring sailors' feet with the Brannock device, declared that the Navy shoe was not the cause of the problem; the sailors were simply wearing the wrong size shoes. The captain was so happy that he would not have to order special shoes for his men that he wrote an article in the July 1933 issue of United States Naval Institute Proceedings which described how the Brannock Device had eliminated foot troubles aboard the ship. This gave Brannock an opportunity to promote his device in the Navy by sending the article to other ships. He calibrated his device for use in other branches of the military and by World War II the Brannock Device was being used by most of the armed forces. Several articles were written about the greater foot comfort enjoyed by the military after the introduction of the device. Charles Brannock was proud of his small but widespread role in the war effort and in the comfort of America's enlisted men and women.

Through the years Charles Brannock developed many different models of his device, including the women's, men's, junior, growing girl's, athletic, ski-boot, and military models. In 1947, Brannock moved the device company to a machine shop at 509 East Fayette Street in Syracuse, where it remained for 50 years.

Brannock advertised both the store and the device in local papers, and the device in trade literature such as Boot and Shoe Recorder. He encouraged other shoe stores to promote themselves by using the device in their advertising. He also attended the annual National Shoe Fair in Chicago from 1938 to 1968 in order to promote the device as well as learn about shoe-fashion trends for the Park-Brannock shoe store.

Concurrently, Charles Brannock also played a significant role in the Park-Brannock shoe store. His father, Otis C. Brannock and Ernest N. Park founded Park-Brannock in 1906 in a small store at 321 South Salina Street, focusing on women's shoes. In February 1937, they moved to a three-story building at 427 South Salina Street. Finally, in 1946, a six-story store was built at 473-475 South Salina Street through 129 East Onondaga Street. While waiting for the newest store to be built, Park-Brannock temporarily moved to the Chimes Building at 510-512 South Salina Street and 113 West Onondaga Street. Park-Brannock gained fame in Syracuse for a wide selection of men's, women's and children's shoes, handbags, millinery, hose, and accessories. In an advertisement, the store declared itself "one of America's finest shoe stores." The design of the two newer stores was state-of-the-art, and Park-Brannock was featured in shoe magazine articles. For example, the men's department was designed to look like a great room inside a ship. Charles Brannock became the CEO of Park-Brannock after both his father and Ernest Park died in 1962. Park-Brannock closed its doors in 1981, after the Hotel Syracuse offered to purchase the property for its new Hilton Tower.

Charles Brannock died on November 22, 1992, at the age of 89. The company was purchased in 1993 from the Brannock Estate by Salvatore Leonardi. Leonardi continues to manufacture Brannock devices in a small factory in Liverpool, New York. Over a million Brannock Devices have been manufactured, and it remains the shoe industry standard
Related Materials:
Materials at the National Museum of American History

Artifacts (several Brannock Devices and competitors' devices) are in the Division of Culture and the Arts and the Division of Armed Forces History.
Provenance:
The collection was donated to the National Museum of American History by Salvatore Leonardi on November 4, 1998.
Restrictions:
This collection is open for research use.
Gloves must be worn when handling unprotected photographs and negatives.
Rights:
Collection items available for reproduction, but the Archives Center makes no guarantees concerning intellectual property rights. Archives Center cost-recovery and use fees may apply when requesting reproductions.
Topic:
World War, 1939-1945 -- Equipment and supplies  Search this
Show-windows -- New York -- Syracuse  Search this
Shoes -- Sizes  Search this
Shoe industry -- New York -- Syracuse  Search this
Shoes -- Fitting  Search this
Shoe machinery  Search this
Foot -- Measurement  Search this
Design, Industrial -- New York -- Syracuse  Search this
Military supplies  Search this
Measuring instruments industry  Search this
Measuring instruments  Search this
Genre/Form:
Patents
Trademarks
Slides (photographs)
Advertisements
Sales records
Photographs -- Black-and-white negatives -- Glass -- 1890-1920
Photographs -- 20th century
Photographic prints
Filmstrips
Design drawings
Citation:
Brannock Device Company Records, dates, Archives Center, National Museum of American History, Smithsonian Institution.
Identifier:
NMAH.AC.0672
See more items in:
Brannock Device Company Records
Archival Repository:
Archives Center, National Museum of American History
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-nmah-ac-0672
Additional Online Media:

Pamphlet, "Your Job in the WRA", unknown place, unknown date

Physical Description:
paper (overall material)
ink (overall material)
Measurements:
overall: 1/8 in x 5 in x 8 in; .3175 cm x 12.7 cm x 20.32 cm
Object Name:
pamphlet
Associated Place:
United States: Washington, King
Japan: Nagasaki, Nagasaki
Subject:
Japanese-American  Search this
World War II  Search this
Related event:
World War II  Search this
Japanese American Internment  Search this
Credit Line:
Gift of Roger Shimomura
ID Number:
2016.3086.124
Nonaccession number:
2016.3086
Catalog number:
2016.3086.124
See more items in:
Political and Military History: Armed Forces History, Japanese American
Data Source:
National Museum of American History
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:nmah_1811851

Pamphlet, "What We're Fighting For," District of Columbia by the WRA, September 16, 1944

Maker:
War Relocation Authority  Search this
Physical Description:
paper (overall material)
ink (overall material)
metal (overall material)
Measurements:
overall: 5 1/2 in x 8 1/2 in; 13.97 cm x 21.59 cm
Object Name:
pamphlet
Place made:
United States: District of Columbia
Associated Place:
United States: Washington, King
Japan: Nagasaki, Nagasaki
Date made:
Sept 16, 1944
Subject:
World War II  Search this
Japanese-American  Search this
Related event:
World War II  Search this
Japanese American Internment  Search this
Credit Line:
Gift of Roger Shimomura
ID Number:
2016.3086.254
Catalog number:
2016.3086.254
Nonaccession number:
2016.3086
See more items in:
Political and Military History: Armed Forces History, Japanese American
Data Source:
National Museum of American History
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:nmah_1812505

Pamphlet, WRA Information Digest, District of Columbia by the WRA, September to October 1945

Maker:
War Relocation Authority  Search this
Physical Description:
paper (overall material)
ink (overall material)
Measurements:
overall: 3/32 in x 8 in x 10 in; .254 cm x 20.32 cm x 25.4 cm
Object Name:
pamphlet
Place made:
United States: District of Columbia
Associated Place:
United States: Washington, King
Japan: Nagasaki, Nagasaki
Date made:
October 1945
Subject:
World War II  Search this
Japanese-American  Search this
Related event:
World War II  Search this
Japanese American Internment  Search this
Credit Line:
Gift of Roger Shimomura
ID Number:
2016.3086.257
Nonaccession number:
2016.3086
Catalog number:
2016.3086.257
See more items in:
Political and Military History: Armed Forces History, Japanese American
Data Source:
National Museum of American History
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:nmah_1812519

Jobs for Issei Pamphlet

Maker:
War Relocation Authority  Search this
Physical Description:
paper (overall material)
ink (overall material)
Measurements:
overall: 10 1/2 in x 8 in; 26.67 cm x 20.32 cm
Object Name:
pamphlet
Place made:
United States: District of Columbia
Associated Place:
United States: Washington, King
Japan: Nagasaki, Nagasaki
Date made:
July, 1945
Subject:
Japanese-American  Search this
World War II  Search this
Related event:
World War II  Search this
Japanese American Internment  Search this
Credit Line:
Gift of Roger Shimomura
ID Number:
2016.3086.258
Nonaccession number:
2016.3086
Catalog number:
2016.3086.258
See more items in:
Political and Military History: Armed Forces History, Japanese American
Data Source:
National Museum of American History
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:nmah_1812524

New Opportunities for Issei-Nisei In Central Ohio Pamphlet

Maker:
War Relocation Authority  Search this
Physical Description:
paper (overall material)
ink (overall material)
metal (overall material)
Measurements:
overall: 3/32 in x 8 in x 10 in; .254 cm x 20.32 cm x 25.4 cm
Object Name:
pamphlet
Place made:
United States: District of Columbia
Associated Place:
United States: Washington, King
Japan: Nagasaki, Nagasaki
Date made:
June 1945
Subject:
World War II  Search this
Japanese-American  Search this
Related event:
World War II  Search this
Japanese American Internment  Search this
Credit Line:
Gift of Roger Shimomura
ID Number:
2016.3086.259
Nonaccession number:
2016.3086
Catalog number:
2016.3086.259
See more items in:
Political and Military History: Armed Forces History, Japanese American
Data Source:
National Museum of American History
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:nmah_1812527

Midwest Frontiers Pamphlet

Maker:
War Relocation Authority  Search this
Physical Description:
paper (overall material)
ink (overall material)
Measurements:
overall: 3/32 in x 8 1/2 in x 11 in; .254 cm x 21.59 cm x 27.94 cm
Object Name:
magazine
pamphlet
Place made:
United States: District of Columbia
Associated Place:
United States: Washington, King
Japan: Nagasaki, Nagasaki
Date made:
December 1, 1943
Subject:
World War II  Search this
Japanese-American  Search this
Related event:
World War II  Search this
Japanese American Internment  Search this
Credit Line:
Gift of Roger Shimomura
ID Number:
2016.3086.260
Nonaccession number:
2016.3086
Catalog number:
2016.3086.260
See more items in:
Political and Military History: Armed Forces History, Japanese American
Data Source:
National Museum of American History
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:nmah_1812531

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